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O R 

Hiftory of England; 

From tiie earlieil Times, 

ReAoration of King Charles II. 


From tbe Records, the Rolls of PAttLiAMENTf theJouK- 
NALs of both Houses, the public Libraries, original Ma- 
nuscripts, loirGe Speeches, and Tracts j all compared 
with- the feveral Conletnporanr Writers, and cooneflcdj 
throu^outj with the Hiftoiy of the Times. 


V O L. III. 

From the AcceOion of King Henry VIII. to the filth Year of Queeq 

L O N D O Ny 

Printed for }■ and R. TohsOh, and A. Millar, in the Strand; and 
W. SANBBy, i» FUit-Strtit. MDCCLXII. 

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Parliamentary Hiftory 



MN the Demift of King Hti&y Vlt. hlsTlu A«iffi<>Ba( 
i only Son, Henry, Succeeded to thel^H-T""! 
Throne, by the Name of ///OTj Vin. ■*^ **°" 
J Never did Prince come to that Dig- 
■ nity with inbreihinlng Qualities, fucth 
a natural Dilpolitipn to do Good, and fo many Ad- 
vantages for reigning happily ; jnfomuch that no 
Peifon in England could doubt but that be would 
tfhct tbe Glory of the moft illullrlous of his Prede> 
tcflbts. He be^n his Reign at a Time alfo when 
the moft happy Circumftanccs concurred to maka 
it cafy to himfelf, and favourable to his Pctlple. Be- 
Jides his indifputablc Title to the Crown, he found 
the Kingdom peaceable ; his Treafury immenfel/ 
tich ; his Subje£b engaged to him in Love and 
Efteem; the neighbouring Princes divided, and 
obliged to (bek to him as an Arbitrator of Peace 
ot-War; in fhort, to hold the Balance between the 
two great Houfes of Vahh and Aufiria^ Vrho were 
then extremely jealous of each other's Power: Bur, 
Vol. in. A - 'ihougli 

■ i,,Googfe 

2 irhe Parliamentary History 

K. Bnaj Vllt. though he retuned his Grandeur, he Toon diflipated 
his Riches, for all the Treafure his Father amalled 
in feveral Years, to the Value, as Authors atteft, of 
I,8oo,cx)o/. he prodigally fquandei'd away in three ; 
as if, fays Bifbop Burnet, the Son's Expence was to 
Tie with the Father's Induftry and Thrifiinefe ». 

A htllttwM After the Coronation, which was perform'd with 

■ nllcd, great Ceremony at H^iflminjier, June 25, 1509, 

Writs wer? iflued out for calling a Parliament, da- 

AaaoRtput. ted at the fame Place, 0<9. I7, to meet onlheaift 

1509. of January following ; the firft Writ to the Pcera 

Axt^^'m/hr, being directed to his moft dear Coufin, Edward 

Dun of Buckingham, iJc. the reft wc fubjgin lo 

their Order ". 

suteofih. r&9«« Marquis of D<r- CharUt Stmtrfou Lord 
'"'^ fit, Hiriert, 

Hinry Earl of Nertbum- Thomas Lord Darcy^ 

htrland, Wtlliam Lord Conifrt, 

fhamnf Eiii of Jrundtle, William Bliunly Lord 
Jahn Earl of Oxfard, Mountjay, 

Thetnas Earl of Surrey^ 'l^^" Lord Zouch, 
Riehard Eatl of Kmtf J^^" Beurchitr, Lord 
//^nrj- Earl of £;^jf, Fitx-Warin, 

7hamai Earl of DtrBy, Tbsmas Ormsndy Lord 
Ctorgt Earl of Shrtwf- Rochfordy 

bury, Tho. Fennys, Lord Datrtf 

Henry Lord Cliferd, ■ Ralph Ogle, Lord Qf As 
George Lord NeviUj of John Bsurghchierey Lord 

Bergavenny, Berners, 

Ctorgt Lord Ha/lingi, Edm. Grey, Lord tVilton, 
Thomas Weft, Lord Dt William Lord Stourtmy 

la Ware, Thomas Lord Dacre, 

Richard Lord Lumley, Henry Lord Serecpe, of 
JehnBretit,lA.Csbham, Belten, 
Mdtuard Sutten, Lord Tha, Grey, Lord FerrtrSf 

, Dudiey, of Grobyy 

Richard NevUe, Lord Walter Drvtrtaxy Lor4 

Latimer, Ferrers, 

If^illiamLotd Willoughby, Gterge Lord Fitz-Hugh^ 

' BKnul'sBiftory ef itt Rt/nrmgliui, Vol. I. p. >• 

* Dtgfialt's ^'lUBnuw a B»rii*miit, Ann* I Hinrj VIII. 

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. The like Writs of SiimnKtm were fent to the foU Ki a«7 viil, ' 
lowirijg Judges, t^c. ■ • ': 

Sir Rebfri Rtde, Kai. William GrtviUi 

Ruiftrt BrudetuiU . Lrwit Pollardy 

Hiimphrtf dtv/ngfy^ Richard Elyetl, 

Sir John Fifiser, Rnt. John Ernlty^ the King's 
Jaba Biibr, Attorney- General; 

On the Day appointed, being Monday^ jf''"- 2i» 
tlie Parliament met in the Great Chamber of the 
j'alacc at WeRwfttfltr, near the Royal Chapel, or 
Oratory; and the King fitting on his Throne, tfiU 
tiam Wharham, Archbifhop of Cantirhuryy Lord 
High- Chancellor of England^ by the King's Com- 
jnand, declared the Caufe of the Slinnhons tinder 
this Text': 

Deum timtift Regtm henorijicaie. Pet. ii. 

Which the Prelate divided into two Parts. ToTlieiotJCIiMi. 
Ihejfr^, hefaid, ' That Fear was efTential in many ««Uoi'' Sp«ech 

* Proceedings J and that it particularly require^ p. °S!°' f|ft)'^ 
^ Xings and Great Men to fear God above all 

* others } hy the Negleft of which not only Kings 
' and their Siibjefts, biit even Cities, Commoh- 
*■ wealths, and KingiJoms were atiidled, chaftifcdi 

* or almofi tdlally Aibverled ; for this Caufe ohly^ 

* that the Fear of God was not before their Eyes. 

To ihajtcahd Part he argued, 'That Kings 

* oiight to be honoured t>y their Suhje£b; and that 

* to honour the King is to chufe Judgment or Uh- 

* derftanding. In enl^rgini upoti which he fliewcd 

* many Sorts or Kinds of Judgment; concluding, 

* That the abovefaid Honour was the nioft powir- 
' fid when the King's Subjefls governed themfelves 

* well ; arid, when there was Occalioii, refbfnlcd 
^ themfelves alfo i and when the Judges, ailing 
' by the Royal Authority, adminiltef fuch Judge- 

* ment as is both juA and right, humane and natu- 

* ral. Saying, how neceflary good Laws ari>.for the 
' light GroverhMent of any Kingdom, quzh Legts 

A 2 'fiff. 

< Tine followiag Speech and ProceCdingi ia tliii fiiH Parlilnifnt 

kf hary VIII. and all the fubreguciit oka, {torn [hit Time, nt 

mnQaled uid .eiCrstSed from a Manulbiipt Copy ofibejMnaUoi 

the Hopre of JUirdi, lately bdonti^ to ibt Ear! of bnftri. 

.■i>,Gt)Ogle . 

j^ in>e Parliametttary History 

IClta^Vin. *Jittit Norma Riipubltca bent inftituend^i by ait 

* exaft ObfervatioQ of which aill Repuhljcs muft 

* profper. He stigued alfo, That our Forefathers 

' were accounted wile» not ft> much from many ' 
' excellent Laws, which they made and publifbed 

■ for the Benefit of Poftecity, but for a diligent and 

* indiffeient Obfervation of them : Hence Almighty 

* God ought to be pray'd to, that good and nourifli- 

* ing Laws might not only be enafted in this Par- 

* liament, which he aptly termed the Stomach of 

* the Nation, but that they mighttie alfo uprightly 

* executed. Upon Juflice, he faid that .it chiefly 
*and neceflarily behoved Kings to govern their 

* Dominion! wifely, and then introduced feveral 

* other Odtcers trufled with the AiFairs of die 

* Public. The Judges, who rightly and duly ad- 

* rainiftered Juffice, he faid, were the Eyes" of the 

* Commonwealth ; the learned Kxpofitors of the 
' • Laws he ftiled the Tongues of it. Others were 

* the MeHengersofthe Government, as the Sheriffs 

■ and Magiftratei of Cities and Counties; the for- 

* mer of which, who did not execute their Offices 

* rightly, he compared toiVoa^'sRaven. The Col- 

* le^is of the Taxes and Culloms he called the 

■ Commonwealth's Spies, of which Number few, 

* he (aid, were found to be good. Others were 

* the Pillars of the Government, as Juries of twelve 

* Men are. 

* Lifily^ fays our Authority, cum magna Au- 

■ iitnttum Plaufii, he went upon the State of 

* the whole Kingdoin; and urged that it was the 

* real Intereft of each' feparate Body, Spiritual, 

* Temporal, and Comffldtialty, to unite in fupport* 

* ing the Crown; that Juflice, which is the Queen 

* (rfVirtues, may be aufpicious in the Nation: That 

* both Bifbop and Peer may join in reforming the 

* Errors of paft Times ; in utterly abolifhing all 

* iniquitous Laws } in moderating the rough and 

* fevere ones ; in enabling good and ufefut Statutes ; 

* and, when made, to fee that they ihould be faith- 

* Ailly, honelUy, and inviolably obferved: Which, 

* tf this Parliamcfit will performi dien he affirmed 

■ * that 


*/ ENGLAND. 5 

■ th2t there wa* no one could doubt but that God ^ Bmj Tin. 

* fliould be feared, the King honoured, and, for 

* the iiiture, the CommonwnUth lerved with good 
< C<H)nrellor?, every Way ufeful to the King and 

* Kingdom.' 

After this elaborate Dikofuit wat ended, the 
Chancellor, in the King's Name, direded the Com- 
mons to meet the next Oay, in their accuftomed 
Place, and chufe their Speaker.' At the Tame Time . 
the Receivers and Trier* of Pctitiona and Com* 
plaints, from different Parts of the King's Domi- 
nions, were appointed : And, fince our Authority 
give* us their Names, we fliali , for once, tranlcribe 
diem, to (hew who were the Members of either 
Houfe that were trufted with th<^ Affairs ^ that 

Rcceiven an><^**'' ^ Petitions from EnilmJ^ 
Jrttaniy WeUsy and StftUaidt to be delivet*d within 
fix Days. 
Stay obn Youngs Sir Regtr Lttpton, Sit JtbaTajlar. 

From Gafiosgir/ and other Countries bejond Sea, 
with the ines, within feveo Days. 
Sir Nithgkt mjly Six Jamu mittjloit^ 

Sir ff^illiam Litcbfitidt Sir Niebelas Ratuflons. 

The Triers c^Peddons from EnghnJ, Irttand, 
WaUst and Scathndy were 
Thi Archbifliop of Can' £ail of Surrty^ 

teriury. Abbots of Wiftmnfitr^ 

XifikK of Suciinghcm, St. Edmundfiury^ 30^ 

Bifhops of fyincbfjitr, Abingdon^ 

Extttr, and RachifitTt Lord Hajiingit 
Ear} of Sbreuifiury, Lord Htihtrt. 

All ihefs toKi^ther, or a Number of thefe Bilh^s 
and I^rds, had a Power to call to them the Lord- 
Chancellor orTrcafurer, or two other of thcKing's 
Officers, when there was Occasion. They were t9 
At in the Chamber of the King's Chamberlain. 

*rhe Names of the Triers for Petitions from 

Gafeoigny and other foreign Parts are omitted, at 

is fuppofed, by NegleA of the Clerks j foi it fol- 

A 3 iowi. 

■ i>, Google 

6 The Parliamentary Historv 

K. ffar, vm. lows, on tlic H/curdt that thcfe alfo had Power tq 
cal! to them the great Officers above, and the King'^ 
Serjcatit, and they were to fit in the Chamber of 
the Treafury. Some Proxies for abfent Sifliops 
' and Abbots and allowed of, concluded 
the Bufincfs of the firfl Day. 

The next Day the Commons fent Sir Rohirt 
Drary, Knt. to the Lord^, to acquaint them that 
they had chofen a Speaker; on which the Lord- 
Chancellor appointed Ten o'CIock the next Morn- 
ing for tham to prefent him before the King ; and 
T«o. Ikck- accordingly they prefented Thsmas Ingl/fitld, Efij; * 
riiLD, Efqj as their Speaker; whofe Excufe for Infufficiency 
«leacd SpcalcM. not being accepted, with the ufual Proteftation for 
Liberty of Speech, i^e. he was confirmed. At the 
fame Time it was unanimoufly agreed, by the Lords 
^pifitualandTemporal, to meet the next Morning, 
and every Day during the Sitting of this Parliament, 
at Nine o'CIock, in order to do Bufinefa, 

The fourth Day of this Pariiament, being Tlar/^ 
day, yan. 24, the X>ords again met, when four Bill^ 
were prefented and read. The firfl, as ufual, to 
Contirii) the Liberties of Holy Church; the next, 
to prevent falfe Returns in Efcheats to the Crown; 
one for forfeited Patents granted for Life; and ano- 
ther for reforming £xcefs in Apparel. The two 
firfl and the lafl were read twice on that Day, an^ 
committed to the King's Attorney and SoUicitoi- 
General * for their Amendments. 

3ut we (hall not tire our Readers wjth the (u^^ 
ther' Proceedings of this parliament contained in 
the yourn^l-Beek, except when any remarkabtc 
Ordinance or Debate occurs. The moft ufeful Sta- 
tutes which were made in it will appear bell under 
■ their fcveral Heads in the Sequel. 

The particular Writer of this King's Life tells 

\a 't * That at this Time it was thought (it, for 

' many 

•I Srewi C1II1 him Sir TImmi Ingltiy, Knt. 

e Thefe Officers, witb the Clerk of Fiiliiijicnt. were then'mide 

pit of. a« Uefl^aecrs, to arty Bills ficis the Houfe of Lords to t\'e 


■ f 7tt Lffi and Jfcfi. cf Kiitg Hepiy VHI. iy Edwsti Lerd 
- Hetlp-t =/Ch«biiry. Fal. Loai, lii%, Kin-ut'iaipryofE.g. 
• lend, Vol.11, p. 6. 



* many Reafons, but erpecialty for coatcnting ibelCAry Vllfc 

* Commonalty, which feemed to be whollr altered 

* by tb« rigorous Proceedings of Henty VII. to call 

* a Parliament, which began in yanuery following.' 
This Noble Author adds, That the principal Per- 
ibns defigned to be Uruck at in it were Empfan and 
Dudltjt two of the late King's Agenti ; and wbo 
weite now not only expofcd to the Kcvenge of all 
Men, but had been publicklv tried at GuildhaU^ 
fome Time before, for High Treafoii, found guilty> 
and condemned for it. 

The Reader may obferve that the Lord-Chao- 
celJor glances firongly, in his Speech at the Open- 
ing of this Parliament, againfl fuch iniquitous Prac- 
tices of which thefe Men had been found guilty. 
And the principal Scope of the Members of both 
Houfes feemed to have Reference to tbis Bufincfs 
alone ; efpecially the Lower Houfc were fo warm 
in it, that the Kmg thought proper, adds the Hifto- 
lian above quoted, to reftrain bis own Authority, 
in fome Sort, in order lo enlarge the People's Con- 
fidence and AiIe<5lLon to him. 

The firft Stroke thai we find in the yaurnal-Baoi, PMCMdinit 
made at thefe OpprcfTors, is in a Bill brought frooiagiiaft Sir Tie 
the Commons, and read in the Upper Houfe, ^°'^'^' ^fi'j,°* 
removing and abolifliing both the Names and Of- ^h- the i»t«'* 
^ces of all Promoters and CommilTaries for ever. King't chief 
To which the Lords agreed ; and ordered farther, "i"'^*"' 
That the Names of thofe Officers ibould be enter'd 
on the Pailiament-Roll, as a perpetual Memorial 
of their Infamy and Difgrace. 

The next is. That a Bill of Attainder againft the 
Perfons and Eftates of ^xxTIiomai Empfin, Knt. and^^'f *'' 
Edmund Dudley, Efq; was brought up to the Houfe 
of Lords, and pafTed there without any Oppofition. 
Several of the Statutes, by which the late King 
took Advantage of the People, were now either 
repealed, explained, or limited ; amongft which 
ihc Benefit of Forfeitures for Penal Laws was re- 
duced to the Term of three Years next fucceeding 
the OSence committed to the King; and to, any 
other Perfon within one Year *. 

I Swuut al U'i; An. 1 Har^ V^^• c>^, it. L^Iy* 

.:!>» Google ■ 

8 The Farliamentary History" 

%. Btmjyia. Idftljr, Some qiUtuc Inquifitions, found by Bm^ 
fm an) i>uiltjy as alfb foine Afliirancea of Lands 
mfled to them, vcrc annihilated and made void ^, 
Put tho' tbefe Men were cad into PiifDn, and thus 
loaded, as it were, h^ a double Sentence of both 
Juy and Parliament, yet the King was not over 
Oaitf in ordeiiiig their Execution. 'Til' the next 
Year, in a Progrefs he made, the People's Clamours 
were fo great againft thefe Criminals, that, for their : 
Satiifa^ion, he Tent a fpecial Writ to have thdr 
Heads ftruck ofF. By doing which, fays Lord 
Hirbirtf it was thought, by many, that he a^ted 
tnore like a eood King than a good Mafter. 

Another later Hiftorian remarks ', That thia 
Method of condemning People to die, by the Au- 
thority of King and Parliamenti without particular 
Mention of the Nature of their Offence, or the 
Proofs in Support of the Charge, had 'till then been 
feldom pratEtifed ; but, fo dangerous are fuch Pre- 
cedents, that it was but too frequently followed ii) 
the Couife of this Reign. 

There was nothing done elfe that was material 
in this Parliament, except we mention a Repeal of 
a Sumptuary Law, and a new one, a little ,more . 
decent,, fubftitutcd. But tho' the Noble Hiftorian 
mentions no Subfidy granted to the King at this 
Time, yet the yournal-Baak is not fo filenc, but 
tdls us that, on the laft Day of the Seffion, the 
A SntUy Commons, with Confent of the Lords Spiritual and 
F*aM> Temporal, granted a Supply of two Tenths and 

(Wo Fifteenths, as by Indenture there fpecified, be^ 
ginning with thefe Words : Wi your humbU Suh- 
jiilif &c. And on which Indenture was indorfcd, 
in Frtneb, Le Roi remircle ctt Cetnmunet d* itur 
im jtSuat eafaizant Ui QranUt fufdiilts^ &c. 

On the laft Day of this Parliament, which waa 

Ftb. 23, being all met in the Chamber called the 

Crafi-Chfon^ ^ of ftfc Palace, the Kington his 


k Sutum at largi, An. i Hitrj VIII. np. iv, • 

k Cnwr* Crwi'j. 

J: hy Google 


Throoe, and the Peers in their Parliament ^<»be», <&• iE*y via. 
the Speaker of the Uoufe of Commons^ now Sir 
ThfKut hgUfitld, Knt. fpoke to the King, on pre- 
fenting the Bills, to this Effed ; 

• He firft beftowed great Praifes on his tAxje&yJ^^^^^ 

< ibr the Gifts of Natuw, Fortune, and Grace, Ku(«n pnfiou 

* which God had ^ren to him : But more partir ioj th* SabUy 
f cularly enlargcil on his proo^dng Valour, won-^'' 

* dcriul Temperance, diviiie Moderation in JuAicet 

* and his avowed Defire /or Clemency. At thf 

< bmeTime he declared, by many Examples, the 

* great Good-will and due Obedience which his « 
f Subje^ paid him ; and, as a Teilimony of which, . 

* the Grant for the Subfidy, which he then pre- 
' fcnted, containing a very large Sum of Money* 

* was afure aadcertainProof of their Fidelity and 

* Af&£tion towards his Moft Sxcellpnt Majefty's 

* Perfooand Government.' 

After this Harangue was ended, all the Bills 
pafled by this Parliament were fcparately read fof 
the Koyi\ AfTcnt ; and then the Lord-Chancellor, 
in the King's Name, after reciting wfaet Aits thei) 
made were moft conducive to the Public Good, 
recommended to all the Lords Spiritual and Tem-> 
poral, and the Commons, the due Obfervance of 
0)efe Law? in the feveral Parts of the Kingdom 
where they dwelt. Then, returning Thanics to 
the whole Body for their great Care and Diligence The PirlUmeat 
in cnaiEiing them, by the King's Command, be difr ditTolKd. 
lolved the Parliament. 

The next Year an unnatural Quarrel began be- Qs»"d *>«*«« 
tween JnHus II. then Pope, and his Moft Chriftian^^'j^^" '^ 
Son, LewiiKll. Kifig of Franct. Ail the Princesoff™j«t 
i>{ Eurtpt vete intere|^ one Way or other in this 
Pifpute, which had proceeded to an open War be- 
tween them. Amongft the reft, our Hevry thought 
proper to take the weaker Side, and to defend tNp 
Caufe of Religion ; either bec^ufe, as Lord Herbtrt 
expreJles it, that he might gain from Francr the 
Title oi Chri/tjaniJJtmus; ou what was more folid, 
ftfofe jong-loft Dukedoms which his PredeceHbrs, 

.■i>, Google' 

10 Tlbe Parliamentary "HiiroiLY , 

V..Htvjyi!a. Kings of England, had formerly held in Franctl. 

Stirred up- with Religion or Ambition, young Htnrj 

refolded Co pufh this Afiair againft Ltwis, and to 

that End he futnmoned a Parliament to lay the 

A P«:JuncM Matter before them ; accordingly Writs were fent 

oi^oathit out, dated Nev. 28, for one to meet at Wtfimiufttr 

■ ■*««»«. Qj, (jjg ^,[j Q^j, jjf ffiruarj following. 

At which Time being alt alTembled in the Painted 
Amo Rtfiti «. Chamher, as ufual, the King fitting on theThtone, ■ 

* "; »'(V/i"tf»iArchbi(hopofCfl»rtria?7,ftill Lord-Chan* 
AiWifiaiKpir. cellor, opened the Seffion hy a Speech, or rather a 
6ermon, from this Text, Ju/iitia ttf Pax efiulatm 

This, according to Form, he divided into twa 

Parts ; In the formir of which he took Notice^ 

ThcChinceliai'a' how neceiTary and" even wholfame it was for any 

8pe«li to them. .« powerful Empire or Government, on any urgent 

* Occafion, fuch as theprefent was, tocallParlia- 

* ments, or puhiicCounctls. This, he faid, was the 

* conftai^t Cuftom of the Raman Government j 

* which he proved from the Teftimony of Vahr'tut 

* Maximus. It was alfo the Advice of Solomon^ 
' faying, Chufe yt juft Men; bettjift ail yi that prer 

* fiat ffOtr ihi Peoplt; from whence Wifdom, Ju- 

* ftice, and Peace, the moft (hining Virtues of a. 

* Commonwealth, muflnecelTarily arifc. Hefhew- 
. • ed that the Divine Wifdain, coming from King* 

* and Rulers, was far above'all Earthly Knowledge 

* Andfrom the Love of two other Virtues, ii/z, Ju:- 
^ ftice and Peace, thofe fruitful, mutual, and amij- 

■ ♦ cable Commodities, neceiTary in Society, might 

* fooner be gaineil. But then, laftly, he fliewed, 

* that when the Streams of Juftice ate perverted fey 
( Men who feek to obtain their worldly Promotions 
« and Power, varioufly and fcandaloufly, p£r Fat 

* aut Nefal\ by Neglefl of the Poor, and being 

* wholly fwayed by carnal Affeflions 1 by malting 

* Juries forfwear themfelves, by Threats and other 
■» over-bearing Ways; thpn he faid it was full Time 

* to reform thefe Abufes, left worfe (hould follow.' 

To the fscond Part, he faid, ' Of holy Peace. 

* whichCirj/^ hadkfttohisUifciiikiby tliisTexj, ■ 

* aini 


e/" E N G L A N D. li 

f and when Wars fliould happen, God only fiiffit'dK.ttwT^'i''* 

* them on Account of the Sins committed by wick- 

* ed Princes or Rulers, From the Authority of the 
5 Old TcftaiAent he inftanced (he Story of Jt/itta 

* agatnft the Ataalikiles, and Davidzgim^ the Pbi- 

* liflintf J who made War by the immediate Com-* 

* mand of God. He liltewife told thern. that, in 

* proclaiming War with ^n Enemy, we (hould lirl^ 
? ofailexamine the Juftnefs of the Quarrel, and thp 
^ Intention of the Proclaimer. He added, further, 
^ what was abfolutely necefTary ii) thofe that loolc 
f the Field and hoped for Victory ; iirft, that they 
% Ihould walk. in the Ways of the Lord, apd in hini 

* alone pUce their Dependence, ; that every Man , 

* {hould Ice^p the Pofl he was ordered toi that each 

* Individual Ihould be content with his Pay, and '■ 

* avoid all Plunder.' 

Lafly, he told them, * That this prcfent great 
5 Council, gr Parliament, was called, in order to 
f correi^ and amend all the Statutes and Ordinances 

* which were found to be erroneous, or contrary 

* to the common Coifrfe of Juftice and the Laws. 

* At the Conclufion he direfted the Commons to 

* meet the next Day to chufc their Speaker, -anj 

* afterward prefent him to the King.' 

The Receivers and Triers of Petitions being 
named and appointed, as ufual, the next Day tbeSi[R«llNi-a 
Commons prefented Sir Rsbert Shefflild\ Knigh(,^^'j|^^> 
for their Speaker, who was approved of by the iCing ^^ 

and confirmed accordingly. 

But it was not till the r 5th Day of this Se{fioiiff,^ufc„Pjrt 
of Parliament that a direi5l Declaration of the in- with the Pope, 
tended War with France was made to (hem : At""'.'^?^''™^*' 
which Time the tord-ChancelJor, by the King's*^ ""'* 
Commanil, iii a v^ry folemn Manner, opened to 
the Bifhops and' Lords the more fecrct Caufes for 
calling this Parliament. He acquainted l\\em,firjly 
' That thcKingof Sw/i had many Ways infulted, 
f and even deftroyed, feverij of the King's Sub- 
* jeifis on the Borders. Next, the War between 
* the 

I'SomeTime Recmder of Isurfmi. HeU!«^jhra4. He wat la 

^^cllocBf the law Diikeof £uciin£^ni'iFa[iii)]ii 


k2 Tl&f Parluunmtary Histort 

K.#sgr vm. ( the King (^ CaflUe and the Duke of GutlderlanJ, 

* the King'* Ally, was (p be conlidcrcd. And* 

* Iqfi/f, an Account, tranflated into Englijk, was 

* read hy the Mafter of the Rolls, cancerntng the 

* Diflentions, which were then on Foot between 

* our holy Father (he Pope and Cnvis King of 

* Franei; containing a Recital of all the Coocu- 

* mclies, Mifchiefs, and Injuries which had been 

* done to the Holy See, by the faid French King.* 
And, afterwards, the faid Lord Chancellor, witti ' 
the Lord Treafurer and other Peers, went down to 
the Lower Houfe, to actjuaint the Commons with 
thefc Matters. 

Wliic^Ittp. Jt hath been fcveral Times obferved, in ths 
ES^S ^^'^^ °f ^^^^^ Inquiries, that a Propofal of a War 
with Franct was always well entertained by an 
Bnglifii Parliament. Accordingly this laft, tho' on 
no extraordinary Grounds, was no fooner pro- 
pounded to thenoufes than accepted of. The Lords 
ordered in a Bill and palled it, containing certain 
great Privileges granted to the Marquis of Z)pr/>/, 
• ^d other gfcat Men, that would go beyond Sea 

with the tCing. And the Common! voled a large 
Supply, of two Tenths and two Fifteenths, with 
Tonnage and Poundage, to carry on the War". 

The mofl remarkable A£ts that were pafTed, in 
the fird ScKon of this Parliament were thefe : 
)(&p»au. Firft, ' Every Pctfon that is or fhall be in the 

King's Wars, beyond the Sea, or upon the Sea, 
fliair have a Proteflion of ProfiiluTUt, or Mora- 
turuJ, turn Ckufula^ volumus ; and be may alienate 
his Lands, holden i» Capite, without Licence; 
and if he die in that Service, hrs Heir within Age 
and in Ward, his Executors, Feof^es, or Affigns, 
fliall have the Wardfhip and Marriage, towards 
the Peiformance of his Will.' Alfo, by another 
A3, ' Penalties were ordained for Captains that 
abridged the Number of their Soldiers, or detained 
tbeir Wages; alfo, for Soldiers departing without 
Licence.' " 

• That 

a Ball viy'wtt, ihatitwaitwoFif^etnthioTtlteTeniponlithinil 
«f the CUigy tvro Dijmlt. titWt arinitU, Uurj VJIl, FoJ. Svi, 

.■i>, Google 

e/*E N GL AND. i% 

That becaufe Money, Plate, and Jewels, t^e.^aMjVm, 
being carried out of the KiDgdom, impoTerifhed 
it, it was ena£^ed, ' That every Offender that Way 
fhould forfeit double Value ".' 

AnOrdinance formerly made againftEfchefttorj, 
Commilfioneis, and finding and turning of Office*, 
was alfo confirmed : This, it fecms, had Itill Re- 
lation to Empfen and DudUy'% Proceedings *. fie- 
caule feveral unlawful Games kept Men from 
Ihooting in the Long-Bow, they were put down, 
snd Archery commanded : For the better under- 
fianding of which hSt another pafledf whereby the 
Ufe of the Crofs Bow was alfo forbidden p. 

We find by iiteyiurnal-Biitit that, in thisPar-TIwAttiUcr 
liamcnt, the King rcverfed the Atuinder againll't»f*sii£^. 
the late Sir Edmund DudUy, and reftored his Son^"*' """"• 
Jahn to all his Lands and PolTclIions. This J^hn 
Dudlty^ towards the latjter End of this Reign, was 
conditutcd Lord High-Admiral of Englandi and 
Was ih the highcft Efteem. 

March 30. The Parliament, by the King's Coni'- 
mand, was prorogued to the 4tll uf Navtmbtr iol' 
lowing ^. 

Great Levies and Preparations were now madeAnlmbulutloq 
for the French War;' and, being all ready, the Mar- H^ Frtati^ 
qub of Derfrt, with a large Retinue of other No- 
blemen, and a Body of }o,ooo choice Englifl) Sol- 
diers, were Tent into Spain, to join with the Duke 
D'AlvBy the Spanip General, and carry Deftruc- 
tion into fVanf/ from that Quarter: Bui, meeting 
with fome unforefeen Accidents and Difappcrint- 
inents,theGcneral returned home thenext Winter, 
Rt inftifa. And now the Frimh, according to Cuf- The f"«*^n^ 
torn, having drawn in the King ofSatu by Treaty, tho,p^y,"' 

■ Sitliae, *t Urgt, Hi^ry VIII. wp. 1. iv. y. 

• Lord Hititri in Kami, p. t, 

r liid. and Sianra ai largt, 3 B/rtrj Vllf. cap, iii. idit, 

1 During the Sitting of tliii Pirliuncnt one NiteM, Vcomia 
of [Jk King'i Ouird, and highJ; fivourej bf him, wilfally lltw a 
SerraDC of the Loid fHilangtty, in the Paltce at IfijImMiT j but 
- the King lefeated (hh lb much, that, &tting«fidc all A AOlon, he 
Uufed him la ha hanged in the PalacC'jrard ; when he hnog tuv* 
Hip, N in Ewnf Ic U othcii, B*U't Hutij ViU, f«l. ni. 

■ i>, Google 

i^ Tjfe Parliametttnry Hrsf diSif* 

K, HnryVm. to make a Diverfion into En^snd in their Fan>ur| 
Liwii thought hitiifelf above a Alatch for Htnry. 

On Navtmhtr the 4th, this Year, the fame ta.i~ 
liamcnt met again, by Prorogation ; t'ho' our Sta- 
tute- iBoolcs, and al) our Hinorians, call it a aeW 
on?. But tho' the Journah cxprelly mention thfa 
Prorogation, and add, that the Proceedings of this 
iecona SefCoh are contained in a Soolc of the 41)1 
' of this King, yet that Book, by Negligence, is 
loH ; (b that what we can find miifi be taken fiioin 
the Atithoritiei above- oientione^. 

Lord titritrt writes. That the ^Ing being m>w 
refolved to go abroad in Ferfon» in order to le^iirc 
X ptrBuMai his own Dominions from the ScDts, he Teht the £arl 
*"*V™V"'' of Surrey with an Army into Tori/hire, to proteft 
*^iV?*' "'°'* Northern Parts of tfie Kingdom. Whilft 
this was doing he called a Parliament to meet at 
ASubfidrinm- Wtjimlnjitr ; where, befides eiiaiSing feveral good 
cd. LatVi, he had aGrant of two more Tenths and Fif- 

teenths ', as a Subfidy. Befidcs this he had % 
APoU-Tw. poU-Ta'Jif granted him ; which was, of every Duk« 
loMarksj of every Earl, 5/. aLord, 4/. aKnight* 
4 Marks ; of every Man worth. Soo A in Goods, the 
fame; of each Man who had 40;. in Wages, iid, 
and of all who were at, or aSovc, fifteen Years of 
Age, \d. 

Thefe were heavy Taxes, boi the Nation being 

at that Time threatened with a double In'vafion, 

both from France and Scotland^ the prefent Danger 

look ofF any Refentment from it. tVe find that 

the very firft A£t (hat was pafi'ed this SelTion, was, 

. in order to fecure the Sea-Coalfs, by erefling of 

Butwarks, Brays, and< Walls, in' Cornwall, an4 

dfewhere, and fortifying the Caftles on thefe 

Coafls. Nor ^^as this Precaution without Reafon, 

?*''(v '*"''**'" 'he very next Summer the French landed x 

la E,i,i^ Number of Men in Sh/m j but they were foon b<at 

back again to their Ships. 


t StMti writes, two FIDctnlhi and fotir Demiei ; and lb>t it vit 
ttiiXyti ia tbii Pacliiouiit, that tlie King thouM go n iIk Wu> i» ' 
FeilMh Anw't Cirtt,' p. 44 >• 

.■i>, Google 

*/• fi N G L A N 0. ij; 

On the Authority of Lord Htrbert we venture K.*»aVIU. 
to fay, that, afcer paSing the above- mentioned A£t, 
and fome others of left CoDCem, this Parlitmeot AnnoRezaij. 
was again prorogued to January j^, which wai in ijij. 
the Year 1513, or the 5th of this King. 

In the mean Time Htmy had headed an EngU^ 
Army in Perfon in France^ had won the Battle of 
the Spurty and had taken Terwin and the City cfBtKrj nJcct 
Ttumay ; the Citizens of wluch, to the Number ^'■'*9* 
of 80,000, took Oath» to become true Subjeds to 
Htnry. jama Yl , King of Satiand, had brought 
a puifiant Army into England alfo, in Htnry's Ab- 
fence j but was met in Ntrtbumberland by the Earl Tht Suit tvottt 
of Surrey, when the fatal fiattle of FUddm-Fiiidiilliddm-ruU. 
was fought, in which the Scots King was killed, 
and about 10,000 of his Followers left dead upon 
the Spot. 

After Henry's Return to England the Parliament 
met as befote-mention'd ; but, as far as we can find, 
Tcry Utile was done in it. The Title of the firft 
Ai^ palled, in the Statute- Books, is to ordain 

* How the King's new Subjefts of Teumay and 
Ttrwin, in Frame, may have AlTurance and Re* 
covery <^ theic Debts due to ihcm by Englijhmen ; 
and hovt EngHfinnen oi \\itm.' It was akb ena£ted, 

* That every Man that would fue for the King's 
Pardon, granted on certain Articles, fhoutd have 

OurNobleHlftorian ' mentions another Thing, 
remarkable enough, done iti this Seffion of Parlia- 
ment; which was, ' That Margarita Daughter 

* to Gitrgt Duke of Clarence, late Wife to Sir 
' Richard de la Pole, Knight, petitioned the King> 
< That fince Edward Earl of ff^anvici, hcr'Bro- 

* ther, had been attainted in a Parliament held the 

* 1 9th of Henry VII. and all his Lands confifcated, 

* it would pleafe the King to leilore her to Blood 
■ and Inheritance, and that Ihe might be Ailed 

* Countofs of Salijiury j' which was granted, and 
confirmed by Parliament.' 

■ Staiiita at brgt 5 Htiu^ VIII, ctf , 1, luU - 

• LoU Btritn in Km*n, f. ' 191 

■ i>» Google 

i6 the ParUamnaaiy History 

iCifwiyVUl. Not loi^ after this Lewis tht Frtnch King, hi- 
ving irrft recoftciled hiinfc>f to the Pope and HoW 

A Pottwith Church, concluded st Peace alb with Htnry; an(t^ 

'"*** tbo' be was far xdvapced in Years, propofcd hiai- 

ielf as a Match, and afhialLy married the Frinced 
Mary, Htnry'a Sifter, one of the fairCft Ladies i^ 
her Time: But, dying within little more than tf 
Month after thi«, without liTue, the Ctowil of 
Frena dercendcd to (he next Heir, Fratuit dt Vo' 

bit, his Confin- German.-'^ ^Biit to pnifue thif 

Thread of our own Hiflory. 

Aaw Hfpu *• ^""7> •" *•>« 6th Year -tf his R*'^ thonght 
1514. proper to call another Pailiarocnt ; and lYrits wcr^ 

AtJFdataAA' i>ccordinglr iflbed ont, dated Kk'/ir^ 23, to niee£. 


Being aH aflenibtcd, as ttfaal, before (he Kingy 
in the Painted Chamber of the Palace at IVtfimin- ' 
JitTy IVilliam ArchbiOtop ofCatittrbury, and Chan- 

™„rt ,,_ ..cellor, made an Oration to them on thefc Words; 

spuch to the ^unc Kegts inltuigtte, erudtmint qui judtcaits Ttr-' 

On which Words he obferved, * That the An- 

* tients with great Care, Study, and Love, nouriih'^ 

* the Commonwealth, and that it was their greateft 

* Glory and CAnfort when they faw it flourijb 

* under their Aufpicea, fiat our RepuUic Acken* 

* and decays ; becaufe, adds he, the Moderns pr»* ' 

* fer their own private Affairs to the Public. In 

* order, therefore, to leftorc the Commonwealth! 

* to its priftine Sanity, the ableft Phyftcians are, 

* firft, a wife Kins, which is the Standard of thef 

* People i and a Multiludc of wife Counfellors,- 

* which give Health to the whole World. After- 

* warjls he told them that the roling Rod of i 

* Kingdom was what all Kings ought chiefly to' 

* nnderftand, fince it went by a triple Di/ei^ion. 

* TTie fiift was. That Kings fhould cany thcm- 

* felves towards God, both in laving, fearing, anif 

* fervtng him. In the next Place, that they Aiould ' 

* know how to govern thcmfelvcs, by Knowledge, 

* Judgment, and Reformation. LaAlyt that every' 

.■i>, Google 

eT E N G L A N Di 17 

^ King ougbttolearnhowtocari7hiiiifeirtowaTdsK.ffMr|TllIi 

* tiis Subjects, viz. In admiiuftering imparlial Ju- 

* (lice, in giving Audience equally, and in taking 

* the Trouble himfelf to heai the Complaitits of hia 

* Subjedis. To this he added what Qualities be- 

* longed alfo to good Counrellors, viz. That thejr 

* Ihould give fucl^ Counrel at Was heaVenly, ho-' 

* nourable to the King, and ufeful both tothePeo- 

* pic and Commonwealth : That the^ fhould be 

* Speakers of Truth, and not Flatterers ; firm, and 
' not wavering, in their Counfels ; and neither cO'- 

* vetous nor ambiciou;.' 

Tothe/ff^ni/Part df his Text, which wils, £r«- 
dimini qui judicatis Ttrram^ which concerns Judges, 
and all other Officers in the Ad mini 11 rati on of Ju- 
ftice^he faid, ' That it behoved them to judge ngbte- 

* oufly, without Dread or Fear of any Man ) for, by 

* Fear, the Courfe of Juflice hath been oftentimra 

* hindered and perverted. The principal Caufe of 

* which Fear is, the Want of Love for Jufticc ; he 

* exhorted them, therefore, that they all fhould eh- 

* deavour to cherifli that Love, according to tfaeSay* 

* ing of Saiaman, Lave yi yujltct. He told them 
' thatjuflice ought to be highly refpedcd by all, for 

* many Reafbns : As well becaufe the wife Men of 

* old did fo, as for its Neccffity and Ulcfulnefs in 
' Life, in the Piefervation of Property: And as 

* well becaufe God loved Juftii^c, as it is written, 
' RighUeui is tht Lerd^ and he lavetb ^ufiice^ as ' 

* becaufe the Lovers of JuAice fliall be blefled of 

* the Lord ; for, in the Gofpe], it is faid, hUJfei 

* are they that hunger and thirji after Righteoufnefs, 

* and that fuffer Perfeeutianfor it. 

* Final^, fie exhorted them diligently to ob- 
' ferve the abovefaid InArui^tions, and that what 

* wanted Reformation in the State he hoped would 

* be amended in this prefent Parliament ; which, 
' if it was done, would be plea&ng to God, give 

* rionour to the King, and abundant Peace, artd 

* Tranquillity to the whole Kingdom, ^od Deus 

* cancedat. jimen '' 

Vol. lii. B The . 

> T)iu whole eliboiite Speech of the Prelate's kcaa (□ be csni- 
irUcd in one Line cf the PMt, 

Oi/n'M JuHitiuD, Mnili, & nee lemneri Divci. 

p -hyGoogle 

1$ Tke Parliamentary "History 

iCIInuyVUl. Tbe Chancellor having recommehded it lo the 

Commons to chufe a Speaker, and the Receivers 

and Triers of Petitions being appointed, the next 

Ii?" "r^" ^^y ^^y prefented TAomaj Nivile, ETrq; for that 

cholen Spcifcn. Office; whofe Kxcufe being rejeflcd, with the 

tifual Proteftation, he was allowed. 

Ncxtfollows, in the yournal- Boot, the'Namesol 
all the Bifliops, Abbots, Piiors and Lords, then 
prefent in the Houfe-, tfithe Number, in all, of 91. 
And it is there remarked that their Names are 
eveiy Day fet down, only di&inguifliing thofe 
that are prefent that Day with 3 particular Mark 
of the Pen againft each Name. 

0" t*ie 6th Day of this SefSon, February rt>, 
the Lord- Chancellor, attended by the Archbifhop 
cf Teri, the Bifhops o^Winchefter and Durhamfthe 
£arl of SHrnry Lord-Treafurer, the Earl of Warce- 
Jttr^ with other Peers, went down to the Houfe of 
-Commons, where the Chancellor declared the more 
particular Caufes oi the Calling this Parliament. 
He firft acquainted them, * That the Money 

* granted to the King, by the laft Parliament, was 

* not yet fully received ; and that it had been 

* thought nectlTary to colledV the Polt-Tax, he 

* fuppofed, fiat from the Poor andNeedy, but from 

* the Rich, and thofe who were abjeto pay it.' To 
. -this he added, ' That the Scats had lately, at feve'- 

' ral Times, done great Injuries to the King's Sub- 

* jefls, both by Land and Sea, and were daily me- 

* ditating more : By which Attempts his Majefty, 

* being (ufficiently provoked, had determined to 

* declare War againft them. Therefore the Chan- 

* cellor exhorted the Commons diligently to coii- 

* fider thefe Things, and the King's neccflary Ex- 

* pences on that Occafion.' 

On the 14th of the fame Month a Committee 
of the Lords, confiftingof the Lord-Treafurer, the 
Earls of Shrew/bury, Derby, mifjh'trt, Surrey ; 
■ the Lords Fiiz-Walter, Bergavenney, IVilbughbyy 
and Cahham, weie appointed to meet certain of the 
Lower Houfe, in order to confult together on the 
prefent State of Afi'dirs. 


.■i>, Google 

of EN QL AN V- 19 

The next Day, a Conteft arofe in (he Houfe ttf K. -ffmv vui. 
txirds, concerning the Super-eminence of Seats in 
Parliament. Themas Earl of Surrey claimed the 
firft Place amongfl the Earls, both in and out of Par- 
liament, as being the eidelt Son and Heir to the 
Duke of Norfolk. On this Occafion Garter King 
at Arras was Tent for before thf Lords, who (bcwcd , 
his Book of the Arms and Families of the antienc 
Nobility and othef Peers of this Kingdom: But 
faid that, as concerning the Superiority of Seats itt 
Parliament, he could not determine : Whereupon 
the Lord -Chan eel lor deferred the Decilton of tbit 
Queffion to Saturday following. 

And on that Day, there having nothing material 
happened between, the Lord-Chancellor declared 
and decreed, on th? Queftion abovefaid, * That 

* the Karl oi Surrey, with much Humility and Dif- 

* cretion, had agreed to content himfelf with his 

* Place in. Parliament according to his Creation, 
' and not Dignity. Provided, always, that his 

* Place of Honour and Dignity, out of Parliament, 

* fliould bereferved to him. And that if hereafter 

* zny anticnt Recorxls (bould be found in the Tower 

* of Landan, or elfewhere, proving the faid pre- 

* eminent Place in Parliament to belong to the faid 
' Earl, that then the faid Seat fbould be rellored 

* unto him, notwich Handing this prefent Decree 

* Bgainft it ''J - 

In the whole Courfe of the Proceedings of this 
Parliament we meet with nothing worth Notice, 
except that Tonnage and Poundage was granted, 
and a Subfidy, but not mentioned how much it was. * Sutliirt 
They fat untill thesthDayofa^pr/V, when we find, 
by the yournal-Boak, that they were prorogued te , 
the I2th oi November following. The moft re- 
markable Statutes that were maJe at this SciBon 
are drawn up by Lord Herbert in this Manner : 
B 2 'I 

t> By a Note la the Jtarpal-Bstk it ippeari, ihit this Earl of 
Swrny took Place on ibe grl) Day of ttlh ParJiimtnt, al fourlb Ear), 
rtxi after the Earl oi NcrtbumhtrUnd. But now- he was put down 
\a the la!l but one, iiix. the Earl of fFarcf/Irr j and wnlinged fo 
ernaft«r,imhew«DiO[eofiV!r/(tt. . 

u,i„P-„, Google 

^the Pdrliameniary History 

* I {hall fet down the Laws enacted in this Faf^ 
liament, where I find one of their chief Cares was, 
to put into better Order the former Laws concern* 
ing Apparel) which yet was not (o well digefled, 
but that the Year following even the Law itfelf 
changed Fa(hion. Howfoever thaf of Archery* 
made before, was not only confirmed, but made 
perpetuat; (a that, notwithnanding the Ufe of 
Caleevers, or Hand-Quns, for Mufkets were not 
vet known, it war thought lit to continue the Bow. 
' Wherein I cannot but commend the Conftancy, ff 
not Wifdom, of thofe Times ; it being certain that» 
when he that carries the Caleever goes .unarmed, 
ihe Arrow willhavc the fame EfFefl within its Di- 
fiance that the Bullet, and can a^ain for one Shot 
return two: Befides/as they uled their Balberts 
with the Bow, they could fall to Execution on the 
Enemy with great Advantage. I cannot deny yet, 
but againft the Pilte they were of lefs Force thart 
the Caleevers; Therefore I believe the Meaning 
of ihefe Times' was to command it as an Exercife 
to Ihe common People, and for ihe reft refervc it 
for thofe Qccafions where they might be of Ufe. 
Howfoever, Hand-Guns and Crofs-fiows were for- 
bidden, under certain Penalties, to all Men that 
had lefs than 500 Marks per Ann. '. The Wages 
for Artificers were alfo fettled, and the Price of 
Watermen. A Penalty alfo was impofed on thofft 
Hrho changed Tillage into Pafture. And very good 
Order taken concerning Deceit in Cloth, as being 
the only Caufe they had not fo good Vent abroad. 
The Commifllon of Sewers extending to the ma- 
king up of the Sca-Walls, fcfc. in England, the 
Marches of Calais, Guifnts, and Hamei, begun 
6 Henry VI. and continued 4 HMry VU. for twenty- 
five Yeats, being now upon Expiration, was conci- 
nued alfo for ten Years more. It was commanded 
alfo that the River of Canltrburf fhoiild be deep- 
ncd. It was provided alfo. that Wobll fhnuld not 
be carried beyond Sea ; which was to the Benefit of 

p/ E N G L A ND. 31 

Ijic Clothiers*. No fecond Letters Patent a]foK.H™-jVlil. 
might be taken without mentioning the firft, which 
was very equal both for the King and Subje£t. 
And becaufe divers now, being weary with lifting 
ib long in Pacliament, did depart home without 
Licence, they only remaining who fa^ioupy com- 
bined themfelves, with Jntentian to gain ttie major 
Part of Voices in any Thing they deured to obtain, 
it was ordered they Oiould lofe their Wages, if 
they went without the Leave of the Speaker and 
Commons' Houfe, to be entered in the Book of the 
Clerk of Parliament.* 

Thefe Wages have been fo often mentioned in OnJcn Klitlai 
this Work; that it may be proper here to give fome«>'tl>e'W»g« of 
Account of them ; efpccially fince now they arc''"*^°*°*"'' 
grown fo obfolete, and the Cuftom fo varied, that 
moft of our prefent Members pay largely for their 
Places in the Houfe, inflead of being paid by their 
Conflituents for their Trouble. The Wages werp 
levied by the Sheriffs, and the moft ancient Writs 
for Knights' Wages, extant, are the sSih, 29th, 
^nd 22d of Edward I'. The firft Statute concern- , 
ingthem'^is of the I2th of Richard 11. viz. That 
the ifvying of tht Knights' Expends /hall be as hath 
fietn ujid htfore this Timt. The Wages in the 
Time of EdtuardlV. were 4 ». a Day for Knights 
of the Shire, and 2 s. at leaft for BurgeHes j be- 
fides the Charges of going and coming. Fees for 
Wriu, (^£.' 

B 3 Nothing 

* Thij Afl his hern often tevivtd, by re»fon of iti grat Im- 
portince { and yd eirn now an tlTeSuiJ Mod* i> wuilJD| to pra- 
1^1 thE cUndelline Eipoitalion of WodU. 

t See Vol. I. fsjin. 

I Uli, Die Sept. As. i £dw. ^Mrti, it wu orddned ind agreed, 
bj ihe Aflent of theCouncil of the Citjr o( rtri, • Thit foi iJi mylul 
f u nowe lite fomsAldxfnien being of tb: PailiuncDW in Time paf' 
' ki tiave goaetoBorde, whnmhaj'hiveatall Time before bold;^ 
' Houfe for ihc WoiAiip of the Cile, iliic fro' hencefurth whit Af- 
' dermin foevet fliall go to Parliimeni, and will liold Houfe, fbii} 
ChaveforhiiConeidiily iiiii. liidifhegoloBoTdeheOiallhaTe 
■ but ii I. upon ibe Diy and no more fto' nonefoilh.' Drtit't Am. 
jrr«-l,p, ,s7.No. J. 

Tlie ha Ferfon that leceived thefe Wagei -mt A*drea> Marvil, 
%(V, Member fof tlic T°»"> *>f ''J'"^- He died in Queen Aw(* ■ 

p- by Google 

,22 _ 7he Parliamentary Histori' 

K.ffwryVIIi. Nothing having happened in the Government 

worth Notice, we ftall proceed to the next Seffion 

AnnoRtgnjT, of this Parliament, which met, according to Pro- 

ijifi. rogation, on the 12th Day of Novtmber, in the 

. ^ ' , 7th Year of this King. After a Lift of the Lords 

fAmfim,nji,r. gpifij„3i g^j Temporal affembled at that Time, 

and, as ufual, feveral Proxies allowed for abfent 

. Lords, t'he Journal-Boak only informs \\3 that the 

Lord-Chancellor, in a Speech, adjourned the Houfe 

till the next Day. 

Th^ firft Thing we find worth Notice was, that, 
Nov. 15, two Bills were biought into the Upper 
Houfe by the King's Sollicitor; one concerning 
Confpirpcies, and the other relating to what Ser- 
^ vice was due to the King, in his Wars, by thofe 

, who held Lands in Fee, or Annuities, from the 

Crown. But tho' it appears, by the 'jBurnal, that 
the latter of thefe was read three Times by the 
Lords, pafled, and fent down to the Commons, 
yet it is probable they were both thrown out there} 
ibrwedonotiind that either of them, by the print- 
ed Books, were palTed into Statutes. 

On the 17th Day of this Seffion, Nov. a8, the 
Clerk of the Parliament was commanded by the 
■ Lord Cardinal, and ntlier Lor(!s, that he would 
annex to the Aift of Refumption a certain Provi- 
-fion, then brought and figned with the King's own 
Hand, for G^nr^if Earl of SA«tu/5urjr; andthatiho 
» Ihould enter the fame on the Rolls of Parliament. 

There was no A61 of Refumption pafTed into a Law 
this Parliament, that we can find ; and this is only, 
■mentioned, becaufe it is the firft Time that the 
Name of the famous Cardinal IVolfey has occured 
in thefe Inquiries; of whom much more will be 
faid in the Sequel- 
No Matters of any Confequence happened till 
the 39th Day of their fitting, Decembir 20, when 
a Bill was brought into the Lords' Houfe, ligned 
with the King's own Hand, concerning the Lady 
Mary,' us fhe is there called, , Dowager of /Vapf?, 
the King's Sifter, relating to her Jointure, and 
which had pafled the Commons. This Bill was 


{/■ENGLAND. ij 

read by ihc Lords three Times in one Dajr, zai^BauyVUl. 
aflented to ; but of what further Concern it was, 
neither Hiftory nor the Statute-Books inform us. 
The King's two Sifters, Margartt and this Mary^ 
who had been married to the Kings of Scotland and 
France, had each of them loft a Hulband ; but the/ 
quicldy got their Lofs repaired by marrying very 
foon after, the former to Archibald Deuglai, Earl 
of yingas, and Afary to Charles Brandon, Duke of 
Suffolk. This laft Princefs mufl have been an im- 
■ menfe' Fortune to the Duke, for Lord Herbert * 
aSures us that (he brought with her into EnglattJf 
in Jewels, Plate, and Tapeftry, to the Value of 
700,000 Crowns^ befides a Jointure of -6o,000 
Crowns yearly; for the Payment of which the 
abovefaid Provifion was probably madf by Parlia- 

Another Item, in the Journal of this Day, is alfo 
fomewbat remarlcablc, viz. ' That it being Thurf- 

* day in the Afternoon, and the Vigil of St. Thomas 
■ the Apoflle, it was ordered. That every L>ord 

• who was at that Time abfent fhould pay Tea 
' Pounds.' 

The next Day, it is faid that a Bill was brought 
into the Houfe of Lords, concerning a Subfidy to 
be granted to the King; that it was read the firll 
Time, and then ordered to be carried to the Com- 
mons by the Lord-Chancellor: Bift what this Sub- 
fidy was, or whether it palled the Lower Houfe or 
not, is unceitain. 

On the 22d of December a Bill for a general An Afl for ■ 
Pardon from the King was paflid, with nine Ex-P^"*' •*"*»• 
ceptions contained in It: And the fame Day the 
Xord-Chancellor fent for the Commons into the 
Houfe of Lords ; and, after giving them Thanks 
for their fpeedy and hearty Difpatch of Bufinefs for 
the Public Good, he exhorted both Lords and 
Commons to take Care that the Laws and Statutes, 
in this Cafe provided, be well and regularly kept 
jnd obferved in the feveral Parts of the Kingdom 
, where 

E Lorii Hiriirl, p. a», ij. 

.■i>, Google 

■24 , ^e Parliamentary Historv 

■iifftiny VIIJ. where they dwelt ; and then, bjr riie King's Corqr 
mand, dilTolved this Parliament. 

X^is i^ the whole of what we thinlc is material 
enough to cxtradt from the Jstirnali, relating to the 
, Proceedings of this Parjiament j except one Thing 

motC) ^nd which is put down in the Beginning of 
the journal, when the Speaker of the Houfe of 
Commons was prefented to the King, but is what 
may be better poflponed to the End of it. It con- 
tains a very high Character of fhsmas Nevilt, Efq j 
who is here faid to be Brother to the Lord Berga- 
venny, and was chofen Speaker to the Houfe of 
Commons. This Gentleman is much commended 
for hit difcreet, diligent, and prudent Management 
of his OfEce ; infomuch that the King thought 
proper, in Ihit Parliament, to honour him with the 
Enfigns^and Dignity of a Knight of the Garter.- 
An Honour, adds the Record, which was never 
conferred in this Maniicr, in any tbrmer Age, ot\ 
anvMan whatfoever ". 

The moft remarkable Afls pafled in this Seffion 
of t^arliament were thefe : ' An Ai£l to prevent 
A5t piflei. Tillage from being turned into Pafture. A Repeal 
of Licences granted to Strangers, for bringing in 
of Ga/caign or Guienne Wines, or Theuloa/eWoadi 
which added much to the Increafe of our owti 
Shipping. A Time \yas ftated, without which 
all Motions, Bjlls, Suits, Indictments, or Infor- 
inations popular, ihall be fued either for the King 
or Pariy; and this fettled a great deal of Quiet- 
nefs. Tbe A£t concerning the Wages of La- 
h^"'^''^* made in the preceding Year, was alfo re- 
pealed, bccaufc it concerned certain Labourers ii^ 
Z.ondan '. 

It was fill! (even Years after the Diffolution of 
Jhe laft before anorher Parliament was called ; the , 
Government, we may well fuijpofe, not wanting 
Afliltance from that collective Body during all this 
Time. The Boole of printed Statutes and DugdaU'% 

» ^W Nmiii Mn-uHua, f^ ,Jla aMt StcuU. luiigij/i aydi- 
' 1 X.ord Htrtiri, p, a4< Slamia at Urge 7 Hentj Vlll, 

■ i>, Google 

{/•ENGLAND. jj 

Batnmetts la Parliament both inform us, Thab it was KiBnf^ VW* 
not dll the 14th Year of this ICiog that a ParUamenf 1 

was again fummoned, to meet at the Black-Fritrs 
in London, on the I5tb Day of April: But there 
fs a much greater Hiatus in the JewnalBeok of 
fhe Lords ; for on a backfide Page of it is wrote* 

* That from this Book, which endeth in the yth of 

* Henry VUI. there is no Book extant amongft 
' the Records untiJI the 25th Year of this King ( 
^ nor any Journal-Book reniaitiing in the Cuftody 

* of the Cleik of Parliament ;' So that we arc in- 
tirely left in the Dark, as to this TeAimony, fot 
that Time. 

But we mud not omit a remarkable Paflage in- 
fcrted in the JourBal-Beoi, at the Concluiion of 
the lafl Parliament, becaufe it is the firA Hint, or 
Step taken towards the enfuiog Reformation, which 
we have yet met with, and is to this Purport : 

* This Parliament was diflblved and ended on the 

* 22<l oi Dictmher, i$i^. fohnTayloTt Doctor 

* of Laws S being Clerk of this Parliament, and 
' at the fame Time, which feldom happens, Pro- 
^ Jocutor to ihe Lower ffoufe of Convocation. Se-, 
' veral dangerous Seditions noty arofe, both in the 

* Parliament and Convocation, between Ecclefia- 
' ftical and Secular Powers, about Church Llber- 
^ ties ; a certain Frier-Minor, called Slandijh, be-. 

* ing the principal Contriver and Infligator of all 
' ihefe MIfchiefs '.* 

During this long Interval, Henry feems to be 

{earning how to live without Parliaments : And, 


k He ii called in the SrarJ, Jiirif FmificU Dolior. 

1 ^oJam Frairt Mjhti, imuk StudiA, emniam MaSmm 
Mmfiro at Simalatirc. 

TbJB Man's Name wis Hinry Sianiifi, Doflor oFDiiinitr. War- 
hol of the Ptien MtnJiesmi in Lonfloii, and one of the King'i Spi- 
liiual Council. He oppofed the whole Body aC rheCUtEV in s Ion; 
Difpuic on thit QuelliDn, »'babct the ini^ efCUrh, in Criminat 
tan/a, htfireTthp^alJudgii, it HrraJj nmrery lo. ibi Law if 
God a*d tin LJioiict af Hsij Church f See ihc whole Proceeding in 
Cllin-U Eeclrfi.iflieal Hifiort. Vol. II. p. 4. &t. And in Gn^t't 
Lifri/Caidinaimifey, 8vo. London 1743, Vol. 11. p. jlo, Sff, 

Thi) 5^*11 Tayhr, »hi baa added this Note in Ihe Jmrnalt^ 
Jbnewlui malitioully, wai one of hii Oppoaeuti in the DiffutCf 

p -hyGoogle 

26" -The ParUamenfary History 

K.B«r^TIll. truftingall to the Management of his Prime Mini- 
ffer, Cardinal Wolfty,^ he pjiTetJ his Time in a pro- 
found Peace ; indulging hiAifelf more in fenfual 
Delights than was confiftent with Councils and 
State Intrigues ; not regarding the old Maxim, 
Non bme comiintunt, nee tn una Stdt marantur 

Majeftas it Arpur^ 

About the Year 1520, Martin Luther, a Frier " 
tremile, firft began his Attacks upon the Papal 
TheKiniwriteiPower, againft whom our K'lngHenry entered the 
a Boot .gjioft Lifts, and wrote a learned' Treatife in Defence of 
* "■ that Authority, which he afterwards thought ne-' 

ceflary to extirpate out of England, The Holy 
Father ftras not backward in recompenfing fo ex- 
traordinary a Champion for the Raman Sec, but 
beftowed the Title of Fjcei Defensor on the 
King ; which neither the Pope nor his Succeflbrs 
■ could to this Day abrogate from the Crown of 
England, notwithftanding the Schifm, and the 
many Papal Bulls denounced for that Purpofe, 
ArbitraryMMDi Lord Herbert obferves, That, during this Time, 
of raifing Money fonje unprecedented Waj^s had been made Ufe of 
vifof fev"nYe«ri '.° ''^'''* I^oney on the Subjeia. Orders were fent 
wtihoui calling a to all the Sheriffs to fend Lifts of every Perfoii's 
pailiameat. Naines above fixteen Years of Age j'wllh an cx- 
atii Account of what each was worth in Land, 
Stock, Moveables, and Money. This was no Icfa 
than a general Survey of the whole Kingdom, 
agreeable to what was formerly done by ifilUam 
the Conqueror". A general Loan fucceeded, of 
one Tenih from Laymen, and a Fourth from the 
Clergyj according to the true Value of their Eftates; 
befides borrowing 20,000/. from the City oi Lon- 
don. This general Loan gave great Difcontent ta 
the whole Kingdom ; and every one blamed the 
Cardinal as the Author of it : And he judging that, 
if railed with Rigour, like a Tax impofed by Par- 
liament, it might ftir up a Commoiion hot cafy to 
be fettled, gave Orders to levy ii fo gently, that it 
caufed a great Mifcouni in his Calculation. Find- 
ing, therefore, this Method to fail, or at leafl 
fn SeelbeNoteCBjipT/WjrsNo^tionfljfiH, Fpl.E^. P.75B. 

p-hy Google 

e/' E N G L A N D. 27 

having rcfolved to determine it in PaTliament, thc^. HunyVUi. 
^ing fummoned one to meet on the 15th ai April, 
1523,31 the Blaci Friers', \n London. The Car- 
dinal Minifter alfo having greatly embarralTed the 
EnglJjb AfFairs at that Time, both with France 
and ScBtland, there feemcd a Neceflity to declare 
War againA one or both thcfe Powers. 

At the Time appointed, April 15, y. S/ffW/AnaoRegni 14. 
writes, That the King being feated on the Throne 's^J- 
in ihePariiament-Chamber, at his Feet, on the At Lno^. 

Right Side, fat the Catdinal of Turk and the Arch- 
bilbop oi Canterbury; and at the Rail behind, flood 
Dr. Tunftat, Bifhop of London, who made an elo- 
quent Oration to the Parliament, on the Office of 
a King, to this EfFeft " : 

He fir^ faid, * That a King muft be a Man ofTh«toi4-Chin- 

* Judgment, according to the Saying of the Prophet"""''* ^f""*' 

* David, Deus 'Judicium Rtgi da, i^c. And that he 

* muft alfo be a Man of great Learning, according 

* to this Text, Erudimini qui judicatis Tirram. 

* According to this Saying of the Prophet, he ad- 

* ded, That God had fent them a Prince of great 

* Judgment, great Learning, and great Experience; 
f who, according to his Princely Duty, forgot not 

* to ftudy how to put forward every Thing that 

* might be profitable to his People and Realm.: 

* Leil this Saying of Seneca might be laici to his 
f Charge, £s Rtx, tt non habit Tempus effe Rex ? 

* Art thou a King, and haft not Time to be a King? 
» Which is as much a» to fay. Art thou a King, 

* and doft nothing profitable to thy People? Art 
' thou a King, and will not provide a Remedy for 

* the Difeafes of the Commonwealth ? For this - 
( Caufe, adds the Ofator, the King hath called this 

* Parliament, both for remedying the Mifchiefs that 

* arc in the Common Law, as Recoveries, foreign 
» Vouchers, corrupt Trials ; as alfo for making and 

* ordering new Statutes, which may be to the great 

* Advantage of the Commonwealth. 

■ Afod Frairts FrriUaiorn. London, DugdaWa Suma^m 13„m^ni. Ann^ i4ff<-. VIM. 

» lit,lt!''£jhrai-i Ctrnis.'t, f. 876. SlfOil'l CiiTCpidi, .p. JI9, 

■ i>, Google 

aS The Parliamentary HisxoRr 

J^.Barjwm. Laflly^ * He willed the Cortimons to repair to 

* their own Houfe to elc<5i a Speaiccr, and, cenify it 
' to the Lord -Chancellor, who would acquaint 

* tHfcm when his MajeAy would have him prefent- 
< ed before him.' 

b'rTiie.Meii, Accordingly thr Commons chofe for their 
ckficd Spulur.Speaker, Sir Thomai Mare^ ICnt. who, being pre- 
sented for thatPurpofc, pleaded his Oifabilities as 
ufual ; and in his Speech brought in a Story of. 
Pbermia, the Philofopher, who defired Hannibal to 
come to his Le^ures, which when he confented to , 
and came, Phormia began to read Dt Rt MHilari, 
of Chivalry; that as foon as Hennihal heard this, he 
called the Philofopher an arrogant Fool, to prefumc 
to teach him, who was already Mailer of Chivalry 
and all the Arts of War ; ' So, lays Sir T/ismaty if 

* I fbould pceAime to fpeak, before his MajelVy, of 

* Learning, and the well-ordering of the Govcrii- 

* ment, or fuch lilte Matters, the King, who is fo 

* deeply learned, fuch a Mailer of Prudence and 

* Experience, might fay to me as Hantiihal to Phar- 

* mie.' Wherefore he humbly befougbt his Ma- 
jcHy to order the Commons to chufe another 

To this Fiece of antient, and flill ajFeftcd, Mo- 
delly in the Speaker, the Cardinal, ah Chancellor, 
replied, ' That his Majefty, by long Experience of 

* his Service, was well acquainted with his Wit, 

* Learning, and Dlfcretion ; and that therefore ho 
. ' thought the Contmons had chofe the fitteil Pcr- 

' fon of them all to be their Speaker.' Who then 
' made the ufual Proteflation and was admitted. 

Tho' it is faid iji the Declaration, at the Open- 
ing of this Seflion, that the amending the old Laws 
and making new ones was the only Occafion of 
the Summons ; yet Hiftory informs us, that the 
Necelfities of the State for Money was the real 
Motive for calling this Parliament. 

In making this Demand, the Cardinal thought 

proper that the Spirituality Ihould lead the Van 

\n granting the Subfidy. Accordingly the Bilhops 

jind Clergy, with fomc little Oppoiition, taxed 



{/■ENGLAND. 29 

^em (elves to the oneHalf of thair Revenues Spiri-K.ffM)7Vjil, 
tuat, to be paid in five Years following. 

After this the Minifter, fearing fome Oppofition 
to his Demands in the Houfe of Commons, propofed 
10 go there himfelf, and give his Reafons why the Cndiui ift^ij, 
Subfidy (hould be granted. We are told that this Prime Minifar, 
new Way of making a Demand was much debated Bot'^theHoufc 
in the Houfe ; and if they did admit the Cardinal, )aSlta the Sup- 
whether it lhou)d be with a few Followers only, or ply. 
with his whole Train. The Majority was for the 
former; but the Speaker, S\i Thomas More, gave 
bis Opinion on the Queftion in thefe Words ' : 
■ Maifters, for as much as my Lord Cardinal, late- 

* Jy, as yee woote well, Jayde to our Charge the 

* Lightnefs of our Toungs for Thiiiges uttered 

* out of this Houfe', it fhould not in my Minde be 

* amifTe to receave him with all his Pompe ; with 

* his Maces, his Pillars, his Pole-Axcs, his Crofs, 

* his Hatte, and the Great Seale too ; to the Intent, 

* that if he finde the like Faultc with us, then we 

* may lay the Blame upon thofe whome his Grace 

* bringeth with him,' This was agreed to, and 
the Cardinal, in the Manner aforefaid, went into 
the Houfe, and there, in a long and eloquent Ora- 
tion to them, * He charged Francis the French 
' King with Breach of Faith, in faliifying the 

* League fworn to for the general Peace of Chri- 
' flendom : Befides his Neglefl of the llipulated 

* Annuity for Tournay, and fome other Matters. 

* Infomuch, that the King could do no other, itt 

* this public Caufe, than join with Charlis the 

* Emperor in a War againft him : That the Charge 

* thereof had been estimated, and amounted to 

* 800,000/. Therefore he required that the abovc- 

* faid Sum Ihautd be raifed out of the fifth Part of 

* every Man's Goods and Lands, to be paid in 
' four Years.' 

The Author of the Life of Sir Thomas More 
tells us. That the Houfe were filent to this De- > 

mand, contrary to the Minifter's Expe^ation; and 
' when 

Is CieaC Giandfun 

■ i,,Got)'^le 

30 ^e Parliamenfary HisToRV 

K. Ifnr^viU. when he demanded fomc reafonable Anfwer," cveiy 
Member held his Peace. At !aft, the Speaker fal- 
ling an his ICnees, with much Reverence, ' Ex- 

* cufed the Silence of the Houfe ; abaOied, as he 
' faid, at the Sight of fo noble a Perfoiiage, who 

* was able to amaze the wifeft and moft learned 

* Men in the Realm. But with many probable 

* Arguments he endeavoured to Ibew the Cardinal, 

* that his Manner of coming thither was neither 

* expedient, nor agreeable to the antient Liberties 
_ * of that Houfe.' Ar.d, in Conclufton, told him» 

* That except all the Members prefent could put 

* thfiir feveral Thoughts into his Head, he, alone, 

* was unable, in fo weighty a Matter, to give hi» • 

* Grace a fufficient Anfwer.' Whereupon, adds 
our Authority, the Cardinal, difpleafed with the 
Speaker, fuddenly rofc up in a Rage and depart^ 

Our Author may be fufpefted here of a little Par- 
tiality to his truly great Anceflor ;, fince, we are 
told by Lord Herbert, that Sir Ihsmas did tempoi- 
rize fomewhat with the Court at that Time. For 
the next Day, fays the Noble Hiftotian, Sir Thomas 
Mere, Speaker of the Houfe of Conimons, enforced 
the Cardinal's Arguments, by endeavouring to de- 

D.b.b! th.iwp-'"°"'*"'^' ' T^*^ " *" ""' ^ g?" deal, on this 

u, ' Occafion, to pay four Shillings in the Pound.' 

To this he was anfwered, ' That tho' fome Men 

* were well monied, yet, in general, it was known 

* that the fifth Part of Men's Goods was not in 

* Plate or Money, but in Stock and Cattle ; and 

* that to pay away all their Coin would alter the 

* whole Frame and Intercourfe of Things. For if 
' Tenants come to pay their Landlords in Corn and 

* Cattle only, and the Landlords again could not 

* put them off from paying thefe Things they had 

* no 

q Aft«rw.rdj, in the Ctimsfs Callefy it m,itfball, tbr Mi. 
aiflei {aid to bim, ' 1 would to Cod you bid been at Bumi, Sif ' 

* Tbcmts, when I mtie you Sjtilner. Your GtacE not oll^ndcd, 
' fo I wrould Cflo, my Lord, leplied Sir TttiHai, for then I Ihould 

* hiva Teenlhe I'ljce I loag hive dclicTJ to vifit, &t. Sir Titma 
Mori's Lift, p. SI. 

p- by Google' 

• ^of EN GLAND. - 31 

* no Need of, there would be a Stop in aU Traffic E. Enrj VJII. 

* and Merchandize, and confequcmly the Shipping 
' of the' Nation mull decay ; and the Nation itfelf, 

* foT Want of Monev, grow, in fome Sort, barbae 

* rous and ignoble. They were dcfired to confider 

* that the King had already got of them, by Way of 

* Loan, two Shillings in the Found, which amount^ 

* ed to 400,000/. and now to have four Shillings', 

* would come to, in the whole, i ,200,000/. which, 
' firit and laft,' is full fix ShiUi;^ in the Pound, 

* and 'is almoft a third Part of every Man's-Goods, 

* and cannot be had, in Coin, in the whole King^ 

* dom. For Proof of this it was alledgediThaCs 

* fuppofing 15,000 Parifhes in England, and each 

* Pariih Iboutd pay 100 Marks, this would only 

* ajnount to i,5O0|00o Marks, ivhicb '\i but 
' 1,000,000/. And how many Parifhes are there 

* in England, out of Cities and Towns, one with 

* another, able to fparc 100 Marks f It was faid, 

* indeed, That there were no lefs than 40,000 Pa-^ 

* lifh Churches in England, whereas it jnay be 

* proved there arc not 1 3,000 Parifhes ; then reckon 

* that the whole Sum cannot amount to above 

* J, 000, 000/. and the King demanding 800,000/. 

* and he, after this Valuation, having received 

* 400,000/. therefore it was judged impoflible to 
' levy the Sum demanded ; for if all the Coin 

* fliould come into the King's Hands, how ihould 

' Men live ?' • . 

To thefe Ar^ments it was replied by the Cour- 
tiers, * That the Money demanded ought not tt> 

* be accounted as loft or taken away, but only to 

* be transferred into others Hands of their Kindrctl 

* or Nation ; herein therefore that no more was 
' done than that we fee ordinarily in Markets'; 
' where, though the Money change Matters, y« 
' every one is accommodated. Howfocver, that 
' no Man ought to refufe unto him that iighteth i<H 

* the ■Honour and Safety of his Country fo much 
' as will maintain him, fince he denies it not e^en 
' to his Labourer. That thofe who are employed 

* muil have been fed when they flaid idle at home, 

' and 

.=^ „,Gix)'^le 

32 , The ParUamenfary HisTour 

K, HtfiyyUT, * and yet that they afked no more now, to give ttii 

• uttermoftProof of well-dcferving Patriots. How- 

• beit) you may reply, This will cxhaufl the Coift 

• from the poorer Sott ; but, to avoid this Objec- 

• tion, lei the Richer go themrelves. Let theitt 

• QltVf, in defending their Country, that they me- 

• rit the better and greater Parts thereof. Ouir 

• King will not deny them this Honour. Gi', 
.• when they would delirc to be exempt, and lay tht 

• Burden and Hazard upon others, let them not 

• g''*<'^gc yst the giving fo poor a Stipend as fome 

• of their Servants at home would fcatcely talce tO 
.* ftand bare-headed to them. Neither are they tO 

• value themfelves more than others, becaufe they 

• have larger Pofleffions, unlefe they employ it far 

• the Public Good ; fmce, in antient Times, and 
' even true Reafon of State, they deferved not fo 

• much who tilled and manured a Country, as they 
' who defended it. Nor is it well faid of you, 

■ when you objeft that this will carry the Money 

• out of England, and leave it in France ; for doth 

■ it not carry the Men too, and fo, in EfFedt, provfe 

• but the fame Expence } Not*ithftarding, if yoli 

• be fo obftinate as to believe that making Wir 
* * in a Country brings Money to it, do but coif- 

■ • ceive a while that the French had invaded uyj 

• would the Money they brought tAier, thinic you, 

• enrich our Country i Should any of us be the 

• better for it i Let us therefore lay afide tbofe 

• poor Scruples, and do what may be worthy the 

• Dignity and Honour of our Nation. When yoti 

• did conceive the worft that can fall out, yoU 

• fliould yet eat your Beef and Mutton here, and 

• wear your Country Cloth ; while others, opoH 

• a fbort Allowance, fought only that you' might 

• enjoy your Families and Liberty. Bat I fay cotf- 

• fidently you need not fear this Penury or Scarce- 

■ nefs of Money, the Intercourfe of Things being 
< fo eftablijbed throughout the whole World, that 

■ there is a perpetual Derivation of all that can be 

• neceflary to Mankind. Thus your Commodi- 

• lies wHl evci find out Money; while, not to g» 


■ i,,Got)'^lc 

i^ E N G L A N D. jj 

* far, i ifaall produce our own MeTchanfe ouly.K.Kwrr"'*. 

* who, let mc alTure you, will be always 85 gJzd of 

* your Corn ami Caittle, lai you .can ' be of any 

* Thing ihay bring you. 'Let uj therefere, ■ in 
« God's Name, do what becomes us; and,. for the 
' reft, entertain fo good an Opinion of our Sol- 

' diers, as to believe that, itiftead of leaving our - 

* Country bare, they willaddnewProvinwE toit; 

* or, at leaft, bring rich Spoils. andiTriumphs home. 

Ac iaft, after much Debate- and Contention, it 
■was agreed by the CommOnsj- ^:T:hat ewery Man 
■of Eftate of 20 /. yearly and upwards, fiiou'd pay^, ,,, 
two Shillings in the Pouiid ; aad^fDom 20 /. a Yearcd. '^ 
.downwards to 401- one Shilling in the Pound ; 
and under 40 s. every Head of iixieen Years old 
or iRore.fliould pay 41/. iti two Years.' Xbe Car- 
dinal hearing no more was intended, feemed much 
troubled; and thnefore, coming to. the Lower 
Houfe of Parliament, he toldthem} That be de- 
fired to reafon with tbofe who oppofed hts De- 
mands ; but being anfwered, 7'taat it was the Or- ■ 
der of that Houfe to bear, andnot to teaJbn, but 
amengft tbemfelves, the GacdinaLdcpatted. Yet, 
bytheliberal Motion of fome of the Lower Houfe, 
thofe of 50 /. Land and upwarda wece induced to 
give t s. more, being ^i. in the Pobod, liar three 
Years to come; which at lesgtb being continued 
to the founh Year, and extended to tfaofc who 
were worth 50 /. iii Goods, was all that could be 

We have chofe to give this Account in Lord Htr- .' 

irrr's own Words, asit.ia chiefly eztraded from 
liaifs Chronicle, a contemporary Hiftarian of thofe 
Times '. But fince we thinit that he bath cur- 
tailed his AtRhor too n^esb', we £hall add, Irom 
tbe-Chronicle itfelf, what is omitted^ 

Hail writes, * That it was one Sir yobsHufett a 
£tMi:a/n/S&i^« Knigbt, who, to-[deafe the .Cardinal, 
firft made the Motion tn the Houfe of Commons, 
for I2i/.in the Pound on Land, upon all thofe who 
were worth 50/. a Year and upwards j to be paid 

Vol. III. C -in 

t Cbr-miU, Fol. I. Hnry VIII. 

■ i>; Google ^ 

34 in>e Parliamentary YtisTOKY 

ICfiM^Vin. in dirte Years, That, on the Queftion's being 
put, ten or twelve Gentlemen faid Yea j and on 
the Negative's beingafkcd, not one Nay was heard : 
For, adds he, the Commons would not condemn 
jior hinder the landed Men from charging them- 
selves ;>fo that by ten or twelve Perfons the Gen- 
tlemen were burdened with iid. more than other;, 
for which the (aid Sir John had much evil Will. 

This Grant, our Author fays, was pafTed on the 
2ift Day oi May; at which Time, bccaufe that 
iff^bit/untidt was near, the Parliament was adjourn- 
ed to the loth of June I in the mean while the 
Members of the Houfe of Commons were taunted 
publickly with fuch Sayings as thefe, by the People, 
SirSy wt bear that you Jay yen will grant 4s . in 
tbt Pound ; w< advife yau to do U, that ye may ga 
heme with Threats and Curfes. 

In this Interval the Cardinal, by his Power Le- 
_^. ar,r pntinc, diflolved the Convocation at St. PauPa, 
^^^■'^ which had been called by the Archbifliop of Gw.- 
ttrbury ; and fummoncd him and all his Clergy to 
hi:> Convocation at Wejlminfter ; a Thing that had. 
never been done before in England. On which 
Occafion Sielteny the Wit of that Age, and Poet 
Laureat, made this Diftich ; 

Gtnt/e Paul lait detune thy Suieard, 

For Peter u/ Weftminfter Ao*6/6«w« thy Beard. 

Hailpmceeds and tells us, * That when the Par- 
liament began again, the landed Men, who were 
charged 1 2 ^. in the Pound on 50 /. a Year and up- 
wards, moved the Houfe, that all fuch as were 
vortb 50/. a Year, or uptlrards, in Goods, Ihould 
pay the fame Tax in four Years. This Motion 
occafioned a great Debate in the Houfe ; and, June 
the 22d, the Queftlon was put, and it being dtiubtful 
whether the Teat or Nays had it, the Houfe divided ' 
the Citizens and Bui^eiTes by themfelves, and the 
Knights of Shires on the other Side ; the former 
iliffly affirming, that the Motioners were Enemies 
to the Realm. At the lafl the Speaker called them 
all together, and, after long Peifuafion, and tam- 
pering by private MeaiUj it was agreed that 12 d. 

p-hy Google 

e^ENGLAND. 35 

\n the Pound fliould be paid in four Years* on $0 l.K'Biiy vuu 
in Goods. 

A late Writer hath givcii us an Account of an 
AfFair too remarkable to be omitted, tho' wc know 
no Authority but his own, and Cgllim'a Sritf/b 
Ptiragtt in the FamHy of Mtntagut, for it'. 

It is there laid, * That when Henry hezrd that 
' the Commons made a great Difficulty of gnuiting 

* the required Supply, he was fo provokea that be 

* lent fur Edward Mentague, £fq ; ' one of the 

* Memben who had no finall Influence in the 

* Houfe, and he, being introduced to his Majefty, 

* had the Mortification to hear hioi Ipeak in thcle 
•Words, He f Matty v/iU thtf net /u^er tnj Bi'ii ThtKingOunt' 

* to pafs ? and laying his Hand on Mr. M^ntagvt** ^o' to behud ■ 

* Head, who was then on his Knees before him, "j^'.'"^'''' 

* faid, Gttntf Billpaffidby To-morrow, or tljt T.-c^,' 

* morrow this Htad ef yours JbaU bi off.' We are 
further told that this Cavalier Manner of Htnry'a 
fucceeded ; for the very next Day the Bill WU 

This may (ii&ce to conclude our hiflorical Ac- 
count of this Parliament ; for, on July 31, it wu 
adjourned to Wtftminftir, and there continued un- 
til! jiugu/i 1 3 i when, at Nine o'Clock at Night, it 
was di^Ived. 

The Noble Hillorian hath left us an Abftrad of 
the moft remarkable Statutes made in this Seffion 
of Parliament, which is as follows " : 

* That our Merchants might have eight DayaAdipSUl 
Preference before Strangers, for buying of broad 
white Woollen Cloth, brought to BlackmilUHaU 
in London ; unlets in Fairs, Ports, Creeks, f^f. 
That Strangers ufing a Handicraft fhould take no 
Apprentices, nor above two Journeymen, unlels 
tbey were the King's SuHe£ts. That they ibould 
be under the Search and Reformation of the War- 
C 2 dens 

• Tbe Life ml Timei af Cudiiul Wttftj ij J. Grtvt, OSav*, 
UmJ. 1744. Vol. III. p. 350. 

I Afterward* mids Lord Chief Jalticc of EnllanJ, fjtWU wbnB 
tbe prcfent Diike of Mtntagni i) dcfcendsd. 

" See ilfo Siaiulii m larjre, Jn, 14, IJ, Hik^ VIIL 

■ i>, Google 

36 7^ Parliamentary History 

K-fitJirrTlU. deni and Fcllowlhip of Handicrafts, ani] one fuf)-* ■ 
ftantial Stranger, to be chofen by the faid Wardens : 
That they fliould caufe a Mark to bc'put on the 
Wares and WorkmanfHip, to be known thereby: 
That if they were falfly and deceitfully made, they 
jhould be forfeited ; That this Provifion fhould ex- 
tend to Strangers living in other Towiis than Len- 
dan : That if Strangers were wronged, they might 
feek their Remedy frotii the Lord-Chancellor and 
Treafurer of England, or the Juftices of Aflizc in 
- the Counties where they lived : That, daring this 
Parliament, their Apprentices orjoufneymcn might 
continue as before, and fo to endure to the tail Day 
of the next Parliament. This A£l *as not yet to 
extend to Strangers of Oxfardy Cambridge^ and the 
San£tuary of St. Martin' &-lt Grand in Londen. 
TTiat if the Officers refiired to put a Mark on the 
Wares, or Workmanlhip, of Joiners, Blackfmiths, 
iic. being Strangers, that then it was lawful for 
the Strangers to fell them without the faid Mark : 
That Lords, and others the King's Subje<£ls, of 
100/. yearly, might take and retain StraHgere, be-* 
ine Jbiners and Glaciers, for their private Service, 
this Aft not*ithftanding. That Englijhmtn living 
under foreign Princes, and being fworn to them, 
fhould pay fuch Cu&om to our King. Subfidy 
and Toil, as other Strangers of thofe Parts do : 
And that the Governor of the Merchant- Ad ven- 
turers, or the King's AmbafTadois in foreign Coun- 
tries, fhaH Certify their Names to the Chancery, 
to the Intent that Order may be given therein to 
the King's Officers in Havens, Ports, and Creeks : 
Yet if any fuch Engl'ijbman did return to inhabit 
here, that then he fliouId be reftored to all the 
Libertits of a Subjeft.' 

* A College of Phyficians, among whdm wa» 
that fam6us and learned Linaktr, Chief Phyfician 
to the King, was ere<5ted, and certain Authorities 
and Privileges granted to them. 

* Moreover, the Statute of 6 Henry VIIL 13, 
forbidding (hooting in Crofs-Bows or Haiid-Guns, 
was difpenfed with in Men of 100/. Ur Annum. 


.■i>, Google 

e^ENGLAND. ■ 37 

That Coiners, who make Money in anv Mint tn^-BarjVlU, 
England, fboujd coin of every hundred rounds of 
Gold, twenty Pound into Half Angels or Pieces of 
Fortypence ; and of every hundred Pounds Worth 
of Bullion, Plate, or Silver, a certain Portion into 
Groats, Twopences, Pence, Halfpence, and Far- 
things ; the Farthings to have a Mark diflereqt 
from Halfpence : That they who bring lefs than 
an hundred Pounds in Bullion or Plate to the Mint, 
IhaU have the tenth Part thereof in Halfpence and 
Farthings : That this yet {hall not extend to the 
Mint-Mafters of Tori, Durham, or Canttrbury. 
Concerning which Law it is worth the noting, 
that tho' it was for the Benefit of the Subject to 
have fo much of the fmalleft Sort of Coin, yet by 
reafon of their Littlenefs it is aTI worn out. 

* That they which be in the King's Service in . 
Wars may aliene their Lands, for Performance of 
their Wills, without any Fine for Alienation: And 
if any of them die in the King's Service in War, 
his Feoffees or Executors fliall have the Wardfliip 
of his Heir and Lands. 

* Another Adt of Attainder was paile'd in this 
Parliament againft Edvjard Stafford, Duke c^ 
Buciingham, who had been condcmn'd by his Peers, 
and executed for High Treafon two Years before. 
The Cardinal being publickly accufed of having 
facrificed this Nobleman to his Vengeance, had In- 
tereft enough to obtain this Ai5i, in order to divert 
the Odium thcown upon him for it. That this 
was a meer Piece of Condefcention in the Parlia- 
ment, appears pretty evident from another A£t pal^ 
fed (his Seflion, for refloring Henry Stafford, Son 
of the deccafcd Lord, to his Blood ; and the King 
foon after, by Letters Patent, granted him Part of 
the Lands of the faid Duke '. 

* Alfo an Ad pafled, that the King fliall, for 
his Life, have Authority, by his Letters Patent, at 
Ijis Pleafure, to rcvcrfe, repeal, and annul, all At- 
tainders of High' Treafon, and to reftore their 
Heirs, £3**-. 

C 3 Though 

x Dugdali'i Earana^i, Vol, I. p, 17*. 

p -hyGoogle 

38 ^ Parliamentary History 

K. ttiny Vlir, Though we find that a fufficient Time was al- 
lowed for the Payment of ihc laft Subfidy, yet 
Ihc War with hoth Frarict and Scotland fo cxhauft- 
rd the King's Treafury, that the very next Year 
It was required, from all Men worth forty Pounds, 
that the whole Subfidy, granted as before, payable 
"u'StiCiin four Years, ftiould be anticipated, and brought 
Requited in one i to the King in one intirc Payment. This unpre- 
cedented Proceeding gave the Commons of Eng- 
fon// great Difguft; and they did not fail, fays Lord 
Herbert, to impute it all to the Cardinal MiniAer. 
It was fo infupportabic to tlic poorer Sort of Sub- 
je£b, as another Author writes^, thpt the Pay- 
ment of it was utterly denied to the Colleflors, 
with Weepings, Curfings, and great Exclamations, 
which almoft grew to an open Rebellion. The 
Which occifioni County of Kent rcfufed it to Lord Cebham ; EJ»e 
|intCluaa«n. ^ould not To much as tallt with the Commiflioner* 
iibout it ; Hmtlngdonjhire did the fame ; Lendnt 
would be taxed by none but their Aldermen j and 
Suffeli rofe up in Arms, malting Poverty their 
Captain. The Blame of all fell upon the Cardinal; 
but he, being now by his Chujch Dignities ren- 
dered almoft an Engtijh Pope, looked down upon 
their Threats with Contempt, and dcCpifed their 
Menaces. However, a little Time after they gave 
this haughty Prelate fome terrible Reaforis to altec 
bis Opinion. . - , , , »; „ 

This Minifler liad been fo rebuffed by the Houfe 
of Commons, in his lafl Demand of a Supply, 
that he was in no Hafte to advife the King to call 
another Parliament : For, as inhisMiniftry, there 
had been none called fqr feven Years before this 
laft, fo it was fix or feven Years more before a^.- 
othcr was fummoned. 

Mon^ dcm.nd^ During this Time one of his greateft Attempts 
rt without Con- to raife Money, without the Help of Parliament, 
fmof P«IU. jjappened in the Year 1526, the 17th of this King-, 
*^' ' when Commiffions were fent into every County in 

Eniland, for levying the fixth Part of every Lay- 
J J. Sfiid't Cirmiclr, p 761. 

.■i>» Google 

tf/ E N G L A N D. 39 

nan's Goods, and the fourth of the Cleivy's. Tiat^^o^'^nSL 
the People relented (o much, that it had like to have 
occafion'd a Rebellion. They alledged,;&y?. That ' 
thefeCommiffions were againft Law; n/^rf. Their • 

own Poverty ; and that the King, fincc the 14th 
^ his Reign, had received of them twenty Fif- 
teenths : But, as the Noble Hiftorian obferves ', wUch atnfiani 
this ieeined all to be done without the King's fopcitmannur- 
Knowledecj fo, when the Confequence of it ap-l,'!!*"''".'^ 
pearcd, it was/cfolved to dilavow the whole rro- pnitft, 
ceeding. And the King fent Letters all over Eng~ 
Jand, declaring he would aHc nothing of them but 
by Way of Benevolence ; fo that the Cardinal, hj 
thcfe Means, got many a Curfe^ and the King at 
many Bleffings.' 

In the Year 1518 began the grand Affair of the 
Divorce between Hinry VIII. vaA his Queen Ka- 
thrrine. We Ihall leave a thorough DirquifiiioD of 
this Matter to) Lord Htrhert, Biutq|> Bumtt, and 
our general Hiftorians of thefe Times ; and £hall 
only collet what an Englifi Parliament had to do 
in this great and memorable Event. 

But, before this mighty Matter took Place, it 
proved the Ruin of the Cardinal; for, being dctcA- , 
cd of fome under-hand Dealing between die Pope 
and the King, and having managed To ill as to make 
both Qdeen Kathtrim and the defigncd new Sul- 
tana, Mrs. JrintBulUitiy his Enemies *, he fell firft TiioTHifntt of 
into Difgracc, and afterwards under the Monarch's C«4Mt »W/«jfi 
highcd Difpleafure. The Cardinal was firft indi£l- 
ed in the King's Bench, on the Statute 16 Rich, 11, 
concerning Primuntrts, found guilty, and Sentence 
was pafled upon him, * That he was out of the 
* King's Prote^ion ; his Lands, Goods, and Chat- 
* teU 

J Loid Hcrbtrl. 

■ Grafan wrilci, That Snry tcok bii fiift HiaE of tha Dlvoite 
from a Match whirh w»i piopofcd by tht Fntub AmbiiTadon, in 
hii iTth Year, betw«n tlirit young King and the Lady Marj, the 
King's Diughien But the Pnfideai al ftrit demumd to ihe 
Match, upon the Quellian, Whether Ae «ni legitimitc or not > He 
iddi, that the ouiimoii People diittked lhi> Propofil ; for, Cnce Ihe 
»is Heir to the Crown, Ihey would ha« no Fmtlmu to be Kinr 

p-hy Google 

j\p- The Parliahenlary His.tpRy 

K.S«x VUL- t ttls f«rfcH«I i ana Ihat hU Perfrin might be fcizcd ' 
HtliprofecBtid* **"•' Hc.was afterwards triea by a trreat Coun- 

in the King', cil Collected forthacPurporein tbe Star-Ciiamber, 
Sl"'^!.'"''^"'" T"''«T* I's ™sf with no better Treatment. And, 
Chanbtr. ij^gj^^ ^^^ ^.^^g ^^jined (he whole Affeir to a Par- 

Anoo Rtgni .0. liamcnt wbich began lo fit at Wijimnjier % A'ou. j, 

'KiWiStnlnJIa, *" **i"» ■'^' ^'"''l Herbert, .Henry did wifely j 
fince, by intcrrfting the Public in his Condemna- 
tion, he both declined the CenJbre of ihofe whq 
- taught the late Proceedings too fevere, and en- 

deared his People to him, by putting the Power of 
punifliing tbeir Enemy into their own Hancis. 

On the firft Day of this Parliament's meeting 

Sir Thomas More, now Lord-Chancellor, made an 

SIt Th*. Mert, eloquent Oration, fays Hall, to this Effcft: ' TliaC 

Lord-chiniel- * like ai a good Shepherd, w&o not only ten;!eth 

lor, his Speech. 4 ,nd keepeth well his Sheep, but alfo, forefecth 

* and provideth agsinft every Thing which ciiher 

* may \k hurtful or noifomb to his Flock, or may 
*■ preferve and defend the fame againft all Chances 
*. to come; fo the King, who was the Shepherd, 

* Ruler, and Governor of this Realm, vigilantly 
J forefeeing Things trt cpmc, confidered how divers 
« Laws, by lopg Continuance o£Time and Muta- 

* tion ol Things, were now growfl infufficient and 
S imperfcd : And a!fo that, by the frai! Condition 

* of Man, divers new Enormities were fprung up 
^ ahfohgn the People for the wbich no Law was 

* made to reform the fame, he faid, was the very 

* Caufe whv, at this Time, the King bad funi- 

* raoned his High Court of Parliament. He re- 

* fembled the King to a Shepherd or Herdfman, 
;• alfo, -for this Caufe; if a King is efteemed only 
' for his Riches, he is but a rich Man ; if for his 

* Honour, he is but an honourable Man; but com- . 

' pare 

» Thil PJlililin>*nt WIS firft rnrnmoBtd to the BUel Friiri, Len. 
Jen, bat wMtiiwriKd to If'tfiminpr. D«gJa/,, An. ii li.VlU. 
The lame Author h;ith ftxen lU the whole Older cf I'TDcelJicn 
the Kin; mute, from BriJruvll lo ffefimiiflir, to ntcet jbis Purlii- 
nent; but ag ■ mush gtea'er occurs in. ili<! S«jiiel. it ii poftpoiicd 
■ till then. The Fee paid to Cinir King at Aimt.for Hitming 
the new Pcen and legiilating their Seits, was then Twenty Shil- 

.■by Google 

t/T E N GL A N D. ' ^,. 

f pare him to the Multitude of his People zHd-tbeK-fiv^VUl,' 

* Number ot his Floclc, then is he a RuJer, a Go-. 
t vernor of Might and Power ; fo that his People 
^ makcth him a Prince, as of the Multitude o£ 
f Sheep comeih the Name of a Shepherd. And, 
« as you fee, that, amongll a great Flock qf Sheep, 
*■ Ibme be rotten and faulty, which the good Shep- 

* hcfd fendetfa from the found Sheep ; fo the Great 
^ Weather, which is of iace fallen, as you all lciio(r^ 

* juried with the King fo craftily, fcabbedjy, ud 

* untruly, that alt Men muft thinL that be ima* 

* gine^, himfelf, that the King had no Senfc to 

* perceive his crafty Doings, or presumed that he 

* would not fee or underftand his fraudulent Jug- 

* gling; and Attempts. But be was deceived ; for 
^ his Grace's Sight was fo quick and penetrablci 

f that he not only ^^.w him, but faw through him, . 
f both within and without, fo that he was entirely 
f open to him^ According to his Defcrt he hath 
' had a gpmle Corrcifiion ; which fmatl PuniOlr 
^ ment the King Would not fhould^e an Exasipl* 
^ to other OiFendera ; but openly declareth, That 

* whofoever, hereafter, (hall make the liice Attempt^ 
' or commit the like OiTeiices, fliall not efcape 
f with the like PuniOimetit. 

' Laftly, the Chancellor faid, That becaufe tbejf 
' of the Houfe of Commons were a greajNumber, 

* and coqUl not fpeak all at one Time, therefore 

* the King's Pleafure was, that they fhould refort 

* to their own Houfe, and thpre amongft them- 

* felves, according to antieni Cuftom, chufe an able 

* Perfon to be their common Mouth, or Speaker; 

* and, after they have fo done, to advertlfe his 

* Grace thereof, who will declare to them his Plea- 

* fure what Day he will have hini prefented in this 
' Place.' 

0:i the 6[hof iVau^w^ej-tbe Commons prefented 
Totimas .luiiUy, hky, lo-the Kinjj;, as their Speaker, Thoma, Au,- 
who there made another eloquent Oration, which, ^'V tL*^ 
fays ««//,c..nfifte.! of two Points. The /r/? was, ^ ' 
' That he much praifed the King for his Equity 

* and Jufiics, mixed wilh .Mercy and Pity; fo that 


4S STB? Parliamentary History 

K^aar^yra. < no Offence was forgotten or left unpuniflied; 
*wid, in the Piinifliment, the Extremity or Rigour 

* of the Law was not cruelly extended ; which 
( fliould be B Caufe both to bridle all Men from do- 

* ing the lilie OSenccs, and an Encouragement to 

* Omnders to conrefs their Faults, and occafion 

* Amendmenf and Reconciliation,* Tothcficond 
-Point, ' He cndeavour'd to difable himfelf, for want 

* of Scnfe, Learning, and Oifcretion, for taking fo 

* high an Office ; befeeching the King to caufe bis 
' Commons to refort again to their Houfe, and there 

* to chufe another Speaicer for that Parltamest.' 

To this the King replied, by the Mouth of the 
Chancellor, * That whereas he fought to difable 

* bimfelf in Scnfe and Learning, his own elaborate 

* Difcourie, there made, telHned to the contrary : 

* And, touchmg his Dtfctetion and other Qualities, 
' the King himfelf had well known him and his 

* Daings, fince he was in his Service, to be both 

* wife and difcreet ; and fo, as an able Man, he 

* accepted him, and admitted him Speaker.' 

The principal Thing we meet with is, that cer- 
tain Articles were now preferred againft the Car- 
dinal. Lord HfThtTt has copied them from the 
orij^nal Record^ which, he fays, he has thought 
fit to tranfcribe, becaufe our vulgar Chronicles 
have mifreprefcnted them ; and, though many in 
Number, they mult find a Place in thefe Inqui- 
ries ""i 

Aiticlet exhibit-* /"^VOnftrained by Neceffity of our Fidelity and 
■*'■'' f'^i'^^^J V^Confciences.complainandfliewtovourRoyal 
W^ttj. Majelty, we your Oraces humble, true, faithful, 

and obedient Subjedls, That the Lord Cardinal of 
Ytri^ lately your Grace's Chancellor, prefuming to 
take upon him the Authority of the Pope's Legate dt 
Latert, hath, by divers and many fundry Ways and 
, Faibions, committed notable, high, and grievous 
Ofiences; mifufing.altering, and fubverting the Or- 
der of your Grace's Laws, and otherwife contrary 
to your high Honour, Prerogative, Crown, Eltate, 

b Kowrt, Vol. II. p.iis,£f(. Ciic-iF,unhI^piM„,Jc\.%t, 


jf E N G L A N D. 43 

and Dignity Royal ; to the ineftimable Damage (^K,nflrr Till, 
your Grace's Subjwfts of every Degree, and confe- 
miently to the great Hindcrance, Diminution, and 
Decay of the univcrfal Wealth of this your Grace'* 
Realm, as it is touched fummarily and particularly 
in certain Articles here fbilowing ; which- be but a 
few in Comparifon of all his Enormities, Excellea, 
and Xranfgrefiions committed againft your Grace's 
lutws. That is to fay; 

Imprimis. 'Where your Grace, and your Noble 
Progenitors within this your Realm of England, be- . 
ing Kings pf England, have been fo free, that thejr 
have had in all the World no other Sovereign, but 
immediately fubjeif^ to Almighty God in all Things 
touching the Regality of your Crbwn of England i 
and the fame Frehcminence, Prerogative, Jurif- 
di6)ion, lawful and peaceable Pollcffion, your Grace 
and your Noble Progenitors have had, ufcd, and 
enjoyed without Interruption, or Bulinefs there- 
fore, by the Space of 200 Yeats and more ; where- 
by your Grace may prcfcribe againtl the Pope's 
Holiness, that he fliould not, nor ought to, fend, 
pr make, any Legate to execute' any Authority Le- 
vantine, contrary to your Grace's Prerogative with- 
in this your Realm. Now the Lord Cardinal of 
Tori being your Subjefl, and natural Licge-botn> 
hath, of his high, orgilloiji*, and infatlable Mind, 
for his own lingular Advancement and Profit, in 
Deroga^on, and to the great Inblemilhment and 
Hurt fj^ yoiir faid p.oyal Jurjfdiftion and Preroga- 
tive, and the targe Continuance of the PolTeifion 
of the fame, obtained Authority Legantine ; by 
rcafon whereof he hath not only hurt your faid 
Prefcription, but alfo, by the faid Authority Legan-' 
tine, hath fpoiled and taken away from mnny Houfcs 
of Religion in this your Realm much Subftance of 
their Goods ; and alfo hath ufurpod upon all your 
Ordinaries, within this your Realm, much Part of 
their Jurifdi^ion, in Derogation of your Preroga- 
tive, and to the great Hurt of your faid Ordinaries, 
Prelates, and Religious. 


c ijiughtf, aiioginC,. pnlumf'tuou). Sial'Jfiaxt 

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if.4- 7^^ Parliamentary History 

K.iftin3(.VMI. 11. t AHb the faid Lord Cardinal, being your 
AmbaflTador in France^ ina_de a Treaty with the 
/r/nci King for thel'ope, your Majejly not kqow- 
ing any Part thereof, nor named in the fame ; and 
binding the laid Frtnch King lo abide his Order 
and Award, if any Coniroverfy or Doubt fliould 
aiife upon the fatne becwixt the faid Pope and the 
ft inch King. 

HI. * Atfo the faid Lord Cardinal, being your 
AmbaSador in France, Tent a CommiSon tg Sir 
Gregory dt Cafalis^ under your Great beal, in your 
Grace's Name, to conclude a Treaty of Amity witfe 
' the Duke oi Ffrrara^ without any Comniand or 
Warrant of your Highnefs, nor your faid Highnefs ' 
advertifed or made privy to the fame. 

IV. ' Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal, of his pre- 
iump'tuous Mind, in divers and many of bis Letters 
and Inftrud^tons fent out of chis ^lealm to outward 
Parts, had joined himfeli^ with your Grace, as in 
faying, and writing in his faid Letters and Inftruc- 
lions. The King and 1. And, ./ wauld ye jbauld 
ia thuf. The King and 1 givt unto yau our hearty 
Tlfonks. Whereby it is apparent, that he ufed 
hinilelf more like a Fellow to your Highnefs than 
like a Subjei^. 

V. ' Aifo, whereas it hath ever been accuflomed 
within this your Realm, that when Noblemen do 

, fwear their Houfhold-Servants, tbefirftPartoftheir 

Oath hath been. That they £t°uld be true Liege- 
men to the Kini', and his Heirs Kings ai England; 
the fame Lord Cardinal' caufed hii Servants to be 
only fworn to him, as if there had been no Sove- 
reign above him. 

VI- ' And alfo, whereas your Grace js our Sove- 
jcigii Lord and Head, in whom ftaildeth all the 
Surety and Wealth of this Realm, the fame Lord 
Cardinal, knoWi'inghimrclfro have the foul and con- 
tagious Difeafc nt the Great Pox broken out upon 
him in divers Pl.iccs of his Body, came daily to 
yourGiace, rowninginyourEar, ard blowing upon 
.your molt Noble Grace wiili his perilous and in- 

p -hyGoogle 

e/" E N G L A N D. 4i 

feflive Breath, to the marvellous Danger of yoijtK. BtHryVUt, 
Highnefs, if God of his infinite Goodnefs had not 
■ better provided for your Highnefs, And, when be 
was once healed of them, he ifiade jour Grace to 
believe that his Difeafe was an Impofthume io his 
Head, andof none other Thing. 

Vn. • Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal, by his Au- 
ihority Legantine, hath given, by Prevention, the 
Benences of divers Perfons, as well Spiritual as 
TeniporaJ, contrary to your Crowii and Dignity, 
and your Laws and Kflatules therefore provided, 
by reafon whereof he is in Danger to your Grace 
of Forfeiture of his Lands and Goods, and hia 
Body al your Pleafure. 

VIJL * Alio the faid Lord Cardinal, talcing up- 
on him otherwife than a true Counfellor ought to 
do, hath ufed to have all AmbalTadors to come tirft 
to him alone, and fa hearing their Charges and In- 
terns, it is to be, (bought he hath inftruflcd them 
after his Pleafure and Purpofe, before that they 
came to your Prefence; contrary to your high 
Commandment by your Grace's Mouth, to him 
given, and alfo to other Perfons fent to him by 
your Grace. 

IX. ' Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal hath praflifed 
to, that all Manner of Letters fent from beyond 
the£ea to your Highnefs have come fiift to his 
Hands, contrary to your high Commandment by 
7our own Mouth, and alfo by others feat to him 
by your Grace j by reafon whereof your Highnefs, 
nor any of your Council, had Knowledge of no 
Matters, but fuch as it pleafed him to Dkv/ themj 
whereby your Highnefs and your Cuuncil have 
been compelled, of very Force, to follow his De- 
vices, which oftentimes were fet forth by him un- 
der fuch crafty and covert Means, that your High- 
nefs and your Council hath oftentimes been abufed ; 
in(bmucn, that when your Council have found, and 
put, divers Doubts and Things which have after- 
wards enfued, he, to abufe them, ufed thefe Words, 
/ will lay my Head that no fnch Yhing Jhatl bap- 
- X. 'Alfo 

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46 The Parliamentary History 

'K.Bmjyiu. X. < AJfi) the ikid Lord Cardinal hath praairad 
that no Manner of Peifon, having Charge to make 
Efpiall of Things done beyond the Sea, fbould 
at their Return come firll to your Grace, nor 
to any other of your Council, but only to himfelf ; 
and in Cafe they did the central}'} he punilbed 
them for fo doing. 

XI. * Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal hath granted 
Licence under your Great Seal fbrcarrying out of 
Grain and other Vid^ual, after the Reftraint hath 
been made thereof, for his own Lucre, and fmgular 
Advantage of hiiA and his Servants, for to fend 
thither as he bare fecret Favour, without your 
Grace's Warrant or Knowledge thereof. 

XII. ' Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal ufed, many 
Years together, not only to write unto all your 
Ambaf&dors refident with other Princes, in his own 
Kame, all Advertifemcnts concerning your Grace's 
Affairs being in their Charge, and in the fame his 
Xetters wrote naany Things of his own Mind, 
without your Grace's Pleafure being known, con- 
cealing divers Things which had been neceflary for 
' them to know, but alfo caufed them to write their 
Advcrtifements unto him \ and of the lame Letters 
he ufed to conceal, for the compaffing of his Pur^ 
pofes, many Things, both from all your otherCoiin- 
fellors, ana from yourfelf alfo, 

XIII. * Alfo where good Hofpltality hath been 
ufed to be kept in Houfes and Places of Religion 
of this Realm, and many poor People thereby re- 
lieved, the faid Hofpitality and Relief is now de- 
cayed, and not ufed ; and it is commonly r^orted 
that the Occafion thereof is, becaufe the faid Lord 
Cardinal hith taken fuch Impofitions of the Rulera 
of thefaid Houfes, as well for his Favour in ma- 
king of Abbots and Priors, as for his Vifitaiion, by . 
his Authority Legantine; and yet, neverthelefs, 
taketh yearly, of fuch Religious Houfes, fuch 
yearly and continual Charges as they be not able 
to keep Hofpitality as they ufed to do; which is a 
great Caufe that there be fo many Vagabonds, Beg- 
gars, and Thieves, ' 

.■!>»■ Google 

, g/* E N G L A N D. 47 

XIV. * Alio wbere the fait) Lord Cardinal Cud, K. B>»j rm. 
before the Suppreffirai of fuch Houfca as he hath 
fupprefTed, that the Poflcffioiu of tbem flkouJd be 

fct to. Farm among your Lajr-SubjeAi, after fuch 
realbnable yearly Rent, as theyfbould well there- 
upon live and keep good Hofpitality : And now 
the demcfbe PoSeffioiu of the faid Houfes, lince the 
Suppreffion of them, hath been furvcyed, met, and 
mcafurcd by the Acre, and be now fet above the - 
Value of the old Rent : And alfo fuch aa were Far- 
mers by Covent-Seat and Copy-Holders be put out 
and amoved of their Farms, or elfe compelled to pay 
newFioet, contrary to all Equity and Coofcience. 

XV. * Alfo die faid Lord Cardinal, fitting 
aawne the Lords, and other of your moft Honour- 
able Council, ufed himfelf that if any Man would 
Ihew his Mind according to his Duty, contrary to. 
the Opinion of the faid Cardinal, he would fo take 
him up with his accuAomab]eWords,that they werC 
better to hold their Peace than to fpeak, fo that he 
would hear no Man fpeak but one or two great Per- . 
jfonagcs, fo that he would Have all the Words hin- 
icJf, and confumed much Time with a l^ir Tale. 

XVI. • Alfo riie faid Lord Cardinal, by his Am- 
bition and Pride, hath hindered and undone many 
of your poor Subjeds for Want of Difpatchmmt 
of Matters ; for he would no Man fhould meddle 
but himfelf. Infomuch, that It hath been affirmed 

by many wife Men, that ten of the moft wife and ' 

tnoft expert Men >n England were not fufficient, in 
convenicntTime,toorderthe Matters that be would 
retain to himfelf : And many Times he deferred tha 
ending<^Matters,bccaufethatSuitorsfhould attend 
and wait upon him ; whereof he had no fmall Plea- 
fure that his Houfe mightbe replenilh'd with Suitors. 
XVIL ' Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal, by his Au- 
thority Legantine, hath ufed, if any Spiritual Man 
having any Riches or Subftance, deceafed, he hath 
taken their Goods as his own ; by reafon whereof 
their Wills be not performed ; and one Mean he 
had to put them in Fear that were made Execu- 
tors to refufe to meddle. 


■ i>, Google 

-j|.8 ^e Parliafnenfary HisVctRi* 

«. Bhrjyai, XVIII. * Alfo-ihe faid Lord Cardinal cotrflraJnctJ 
all Ordinaries in £»;/anrf yearly to COmpouitd with 
him, or etfe he wilt ufurp Half or the'Whole df 
their Jutiidif^ion byfrevendon, not for good Ordor 
of the Diocefc, but to extort Trcafurc { for there Is 
never a poor Arch-Deacon in England, but that he 
paid yearly to him a Portion of his Living; 

XIX.' Atfo the fald Lord Cardinal hath n« 
tmly, by his untrile SiiggeAion to the Pope, (baMtf- 
fully ilandered mafiy good Relleious Hoafes, and 
good virtuous Men dwelling in tnem, hut alio fup- 
prefTed, by reafon thereof, abore thirty Heiifes: rf 
}l.eligion; and where, by Authority of his Bull, he 
fbould not fupprefs any Houfe that had more Men 
of Religion in Number'above the Niimber offix 
orfewen, he hath fupprelled divers Hou(i»th!iC had 
' above the Number ; and thereupon hath caufed di- 

vers OiEces to be found by Vctdifl, untruly, that 
the rcligioUB Perlons, fo fupprelled, had Voluntari- 
ly forfalcen their faid Houfes, which was untrue ) 
and fo hath caufe'd open Perjury to be Committed', 
to thebigh Difpleafureof Almighty God. 

XX. ' Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal hath examin- 
ed divers and many Matters in the Chancery, after 
Judgknenr thereof given ^t the Common Law, in 
Subverfion of your Laws ; and made fome Perfors 
reffeore again to the other Party condemned, what 
they had in Execution by Virtue of the Judgment 
tn the Common Law. 

XXI. ' Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal liath graht-^ 
«j many InjuniEiions by Writ, and the Parties nevet 
ctli'd thereunto, nor Bill put in againft them. And, 
by rtafon thereof, diversofyOurSubje^s have been 
put from their lawful Poffeffion of their Lands aitd 
TeneihentB. And, by fuch Means, he hath alfo 
brought the more Party of the Suitbrs of this your 
Healm before himfelf, whereby he and divers of 
his Servants have gotten much Riches, and your 
Subje6t» fuflercd great WrongJ. 

XXH. ' Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal, to aug- 
ment his great Riches, hath caufed divers Pardons 
granted by the Pope to be-furpended, which could 

i,7f- 1,, Google 

e/- E N G L A N t). 49 

ftot he revived till that the faid I^ord Cardinal wereK> fiMrrVUb 
f ewarJcd, and alfo have a yearly Penfion of tbi laid 

XXIII. ' Alfo the raid Lord Cardinal, not re- 
garding your Laws nor Jufticc>of his extort Power, 
hath put out divers and many Farmers of his Lands, 
and alfo Patents of the Archbifliopric of Yeri, and 
Bifhopric of Wincheftery and of the Abbey of St. 
Alhaa't^ which had good and fufficient Grant there* 
of by your Laws, 

XXIV. * Alfo the fame Lord Cardinal, at ma- 
ny Times, when any Houfes of Religion have beea 
void, he hath fetit liis Officers thither, and, with 
crafty Perfuafions, hath induced them to comproroit 
their Eieflion in him \ And that, before ever he 
named or confirmed any of them, he and his Ser^ 
rants received fo much great Goods of them, that 
in Manner it bath been to the undoing. (^ thti 

XXV. ' Alfo, by Ws Aothority Le^ntiiie, the 
fame Lord Cardinal hath vifited the moll Part of the 
Religious Houfes and Colleges in this your Realm* 
hath taken of them the twenty-fifth Part of theic 
Livelihood j to the great Extortion of your SubjciSs, 
and Derogation of y6ur Laws and Prerogative^ 
and no Law to bear him fo to do. 

XXVI. * Alfo, when Matters havtf been near 
at Judgment by Procefs at your ComBion Law, thtf 
fame Lord Cardinal hath not only given and fenC 
InjuDiElions to the Parties, but alfo fent for your 
Judges, and expreily, by Threats, commanding them 
to defer the Judgment; to the evident Subvertion of* 
your Laws, if the Judges would fo have ccafed. 

XXVII. ' Alfo, whereas neither the fiifhopric 
nor the Profit of his Legation, nor the Benefit of 
the Chancery, nor his great Penfion out of France^ 
nor his Wards, and other inordinate Taking, could 
not fuffice him, he hath made his Son Ivinter to ' 
fpend 2,700/. by Year, which he taketh to his 
own Ufe, and givctb him not pall 200 /. yearly 
to live upon; 

V91..1U. D xxvin. 

R,u,i„K „,Coi)^lc 

y> The Parliamentary HiSTo*f 

R. B.^7 VIU. XXVIII. • Alfo, where tii« faW Lord Cardinal 
did Erft Ai^ unto your Grace to have yr.ur AfTent 
. to be Legatus de Lattrt, he promised and folemiJy 
pioteftitd before your Majefly, and before the Lords 
both Spbitual and Temporal, th^ he wquld nothing 
do nor attempt by virtue of his Legacy, that fliould 
be contrary to your gracious Prerogative or Rega- 
Ifty, or Go ttie Damage pr Prejudice of the Jurif- 
di^iQii (if any Ordinary, and thgi by his Legacy 
no Man fliould be hurt or offended ; and upon that 
Conditiofi, and no other, he was admitted by your 
Grace to be Legate >^ithin this your Realm ; which 
. Condition he hath broicen, as is well known to all 
jouT Subjects } and when that he made this JPtomifc, 
he was bufy in his Suit at Rome, to vifit all^ the 
C^igy oi England, both exempt And not exempt. 

!KXI1C. < Alfo, upon the Suit of the faid Lord 
Cardinal at Rome to have his Authority Legantlne, 
he made untrue Surmife to the Pope's Holinefs 
ag^infi the Clergy of your Re^m i which was, That 
the H^gular Petfons of the faid Ctetey had givm 
iheqir^lveq in rtprthum Stnfum ; whio^ Wards St. 
Paul, writing to the Ramansy applied to abominable 
Sin ; which Slander to your Church of England 
UI4II for ever remain in the RegiHer at Rome againft 
' the Clergy of this your Realm. 

^XX. « Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal had the 
Riorp Part of the Goods of Dr. Smithy late iliihop 
of Liijfoln i Biihop Savage, nf Tori i Mr. Dalby^ 
Arch-Deacon QiRuhmand ; Mr. Tanftn ; Dr. Ro- 
iball, late Bifhop of Duriam ; and of Dr. Fax, late 
■ Biibop oi Winchejftr, contrary to their Wills, and 
your Laws and Juftice. 

XXX(. ' Alio, at the Oyer and Termiger at 
Tcri, Proclamation was made. That every Man 
fliould p«t in their Bills for Extortion of Ordi- 
naries ; and when divers SUh Wjere put in agajnff 
the QfScers of the faid Lord Cardinal, of Extortion, 
for taking 121^. ofthe Pound for Probation of Tefta- 
menis, whereof divers Bills were found before J«- 
ftice Pitz-Herieri and other Commiffioners, tbs 
iame Lord Cardinal removed the fame Indium ents 

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tf £NGLANi3; 

JKtoi ffie Chancery by Ciriinrari, and rebuked thcK.HtijVUI, 
fame IndliElmenc for the fame Caufe. 

XXXII. ' Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal hath ^ 

t>u(icd antf endesvoared himfelf, by crafty and un- 
tnicTaks, to make Diflention ajid Debate amongfl 
your Nobles of your Realm j which is ready to be 

XXXIlt * AJfo the faid Lord Cardinal's Offi- 
ters have divers Times compelled your SubjciSs loi 
ferve him with Carts for Carriage: And alfo his 
Servants have taken both Corn and Cattle, Fifh, 
and all other ViSuals at your Grace's Price, of 
tinder, as tho' it had been for your Grace ; which 
is contrary to the Laws. 

XXXIV. ' Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal h«tli 
Tnifufed htmftlf in your moft honourable Cou^^ in 
keeping of as great Ellate there in your Abfencci 
Bs your Grace Would have done if you had be«H 
there prefent in your own Pcrfon. 

XXXV. * Alfo his Servants, by virtue of your 
Commiflton under your Broad Seal by him to theoi 
given, have taken Cattle, and all other Viftuals, at 
ks low Price as your Purveyors have done for your 
Grace by your Prerogative, againft the Laws of 
your Realm. 

XXXVi. ' Alfo, where it hath been acciiftomed 
that your Purveyors for your llonourable Hoiifhold 
have had yearly, out of yoKr Town and Liberty of 
fir. Aiban'sy 3 or 400 Qiiarters of Whest j Truth 
It is,*at fince the Lord Cardinal had the Roorrt 
■bf Abbot there, yotr faid Purveyors could not be 
fufFered by him, and his Officers, to take any 
Wheat wifhin the faid Town or LibertieJ. 

XXXVII. < Alfo he hath divers Times given 
Injun<5tion to your Servants, that have been for 
Caufes before him in the Star-Chamber, that they, 
*ior other for them, Ihould make Labour, by any 
Manner of Way, direilly or indireflly, to your 
Gracfi, to obtain your gracious Favour or Pardon^ 
tvhich was a prefumptuous Intent for any SubjeA. 

XXXVIII. ' Alfo the faid Ivord Cardinal did 
C*li before biin Sir J^hn Stanlty, Knt. which had 

D 2 taken 

■ i>,Got)^lc 

ez The Parliamentary History 

K. Buoy VUI. taken a Farm by Covcnt Seal of the Abbot and Coft' 
vent of Cbtjler, and afterwards, \sy his Power aiKl 
Might, contrary to Right, committed the faid Sir 
Jahn Stanley to the Prifon of the Fiiei by the SpacA 
of a Year, unto fuch Time as he compelled the 
iaid Sir yohn to leleafe his Covent Seal to one Ltgbt 
of Adtingtan, which married one Larki% Daughter, 
which Womftn the faid Lord Cardinal kept, and 
had with her two Children. Thereupon the faid 
Sir 'Jahn StatiUy, upon Difpieafure taken in his Heart, 
made himfelf Monk in H^tjiminjier, and there died. 
XXXIX. ' Alfo, on a Time, your Grace bcinjt 
it St. Man's, according to the antientCunom ufea 
within your Verge, your Clerk of the Market doing 
his Office, did prefent unto your Officers of your 
jnoll hanourableHoufhoId the Prices of all Manner 
of Vi£luals within the Prccinfl of the Verge, and it 
was commanded by your faid Officers to let up the 
faid Prices both on the Gates of your honourable 
Houfliold, and alfo in the Market-Place within the 
Town of St. Alban'i, as of antient Cuftom it hath 
been ufed ; and the Lord Cardinal hearing the famCi 
prefumptuouHy, and not like a Subjeifl, caufed the 
forefaid Prices, which were fealed with yuur Grace's 
Seal, accuftomably ufed for the fame, to be taken 
off, and pulled down in the fait) Market- Place where 
they were fet up, and in the fame Place fet up his 
own Prices, fealed with his Seat, and would, if it had 
not been letted, in femblable Manner ufed your Seat 
Handing upon your Grace's Gates, and alfo#ou1df 
of his prefumpmous Mind, have openly fet in the 
Stocks within your faid Town your Clerk of your 
Market ; by which Prefumption and Ufurpation 
yourGrace may perceive that, in his Heart, he hath' 
reputed himfelf to be equal with yourRoyalMajefty. 
XL. 'Alfo the faid Lord Cardinal, of his further 
pompous andprefumptuousMind, hatbenterprized 
to join and imprint the Cardinal's "Hat under your 
Arms'in your Coin of Groats, made at your City 
of Kor^i which like Deed hath not been feen to have 
been done by any Subjei5t wilhin^your Realm be- 
fore this Time. 


p-hy Google 

y E N G L A N D. '53 

XLI. ' Alfo, where one Sir MdwarJ yoHitt^Itn>yyuh 
Clerk, Parfon of Crowley^ in the County of Buci- 
ingbam, in the i8th Year of your Moft Noble 
Reign, lett his faid Parfonage, with all Tythea and 
other Profits of the fame, to one William Jahnfan,. 
by Indenture fqr certain Years, within which Years 
the Dean of the faid Lord Cardinal's College in 
Oxford pretended Title to a certain Portion of 
Tythes within the faid Parfonage, fuppofing the 
faid Portion to belong to the Parfonage of Chichtllyf 
which was appropriated to the Priory of Tyhtferdy 
lately fuppreQed i where, of Truth, ihe Parfons of 
Cmwliy have been peaceably pofleiTed of the faid 
Portion Time out of Mind : Whereupon a Suh- 
pcena was dire^ed to the faid yohnfan to appear be- 
fore the faid Lord Cardinal at Hamptan-Court i 
where, without any Bill, the faid Lord Cardinal 
committed him to the Fliet, where he remained by 
the Space of twelve Weeks, becaufe he would not 
depart with the faid Portion ; and at the laft, upon 
a Recognizance made, that hcOiould appearbefpre 
the faid Lord Cardinal wherefoever he was com- 
manded, he was delivered out of the Fleet. How- 
beii, as y«t, the faid Portion is fo kept from him 
that he dare not deal with it. 

XLII. ' Alfo, where one Martin Docnvra had' 
a Leafe of the Manor of Ball/all, in the County 
of Warwick^ for a Term of certain Years, an In- 
jtin'i^ion came to him out of the Chancery, by 
Writ, upon Pain of One Thoufand Pounds, that 
he (hould avoid the PolTeiSon of the fame Manor, 
and fuller Sir Gearge Throgmsrttn, Knight, to take 
the Profits of the fame Manor, to the Time the 
Matter depending in the Chancery between the 
Lord of St, John'i, and the faid Decowra were 
difcufied ; and yet the faid Docoiura never made 
Anfwer in the Chancery, nor ever was called into 
the Chancery for that Matter : And now of late 
he hath received the like Injunction, upon Pain of 
Two Thoufand Pounds, contrary to the Courfc of 
ihe Common Law. 


■ i>, Google 

J4- ^* Parliamentary HistORir 

^. H«7 VUI. XLIII. * Alft) whereas in the Parliament-Chamj 
ber^ and in open Parliament, Comomnicadon and 
Devices were bad and moved, wherein Mention 
was, by an Incident, made of Matters touching 
Herefies. and erroneous Se£ts, it was fpoken, and 
reported by one Btflioft there being prefent, anji 
fioniirmed by a good Number of the fame Bifhops, in 
Prefencc of all the Lords Spiritual and Temporal 
* ^ then aflembled, that two of the faid Bifliops were 

ninded and defired to repajr unto the Univerficy of 
Cambridgt, for' Examination, Reformation, and 
Corre£tion of luch Errors as then fcemedi and were 
reported, to reign amongftthe Students and Scholars 
pf the fame, as well touching the Luthtran Se£t 
and Opinions, as otherwife ; the Lord Cardinal in-r 
farmed of the good Minds and Intents of the rai4 
iwo BiQiops in that Behalf, exprelly inhibited and 
commanded them in no ways fo to do: By Mean* 
whereof the fame Errors (as they affirmed) crept 
more abroad, and took greyer Place ; faying fur- 
thermore, that It was not In their Defaults that ibe 
- faid Herefies were not puniQied, but in the faid Lord 

• Cardinal; and that it was no Rcafon any Blame- 

pr Lack Oiould be arrefted unto them for his Of- 
fence: Whereby it evidently appeareth, that the. 
faid Lord Cardinal, befidcs all other heinous Of- 
fences, hath been the Impeacher and Dil^uiber of 
jdueand direftCorrcftion of Herefies j being highly 
to the Danger and Peril of the whole Body and 
good Chriftian People of this your Realm. 

XLIV. ' Finally, forafmuch as by the forefaid 
Articles is evidently declared to your moft Royal 
'Majefty, that the Lord Cardinal, by his outrageous 
Pride, hath greatly {hadowed a long Seafon your 
Grace's Honour, which is moft highly to be regard- 
ed, and, by his infatiable Avarice and ravenous A^j- 
petite to have Riches and Trenl'ure without Mea- 
- .fure, hath fo grievoufly opprclTed your poor Sub- 

jeiits, with fo manifold Crafts of Bribery and Extor- 
tion, that the Commonwealth of this your Grace's 
Realm is thereby greatly decayed and impovcrifti'd ; 
»nd alfo by his Cruelty, Initjuity, AfFciSlion, and 

p-hy Google 

g^ENGLAND. 5^ 

Partiality, ,hath Tubverlad the due Courfe and Order K. ibxj Vljju 
of your Grace's Laws, to the undoing of a great 
Number of your loving People. 

' Pleafe it your Royal Majcfty therefore, of your 
excellent Goodnefs towards the Weal of this your 
jtealin, and Subje^s of the fame, to fet fuch Order 
Mid Direiflion upon the faid Lord Cardinal, as may 
be to the terrible Example of others to beware fo ts 
offend your Grace and your Laws hereafter : And 
that he be fo provided far, that he never havp any 
Power, Jurifdiiflioii, or Authority, hereafter to 
trouble, vex, and impoverifti the Commonwealtb' 
of this yoim Realm, as he hathdorie heretofore, to 
(he great Hurt and Damage of every Man almoft, 
high and low : Which fot your Grace fo doing, 
will daily pray, as their Duty is, to Almighty God, 
for the profpcrous £ftate of your mofi Royal Ma* 
jefty long to endure in Honour and good Health, 
to the Pleafure of God and your Hearts moft Dc- 

Subfcribed the i ft of I>«/mi/r, thc2ift Yearof 
the Reign of our Sovereign Lord King^ar; VIIL 

T. Mort S r. B'Arcjy 

r. Norfolk^ r. Rtchford, 

Char. Suffolk, fV. Msunijoy, 

Tho. Dorftt, mil. Sandyt, 

H. Exittr, PfiJl.Filz-miliam^ 

G. Shrewjhuryy Henry Guldefardt 

R. Filz-fyaJUr, 4nth. Fttz-Herbertt \ ^ 

Jo. Oxynford, John Fitx-Jamts. J 

a. Northumberland, 

It appears by the Names of the Lords who fignM 
thefc Articles, that they were drawn up by a Com- 
mittee appointed for thatPurpofe: And, being 
read and agreed to by the whole Houfe, they were 
firft prefented to the King, and then a Copy of 
them was fent down to the Lower Houfe for their 
Peiufal and Approbation. But, amongfi the Com- 

> Lord-Chineclloc. 

i" Thefe laft weie the two Lord Chief JurtiMi at that Timei 


56 Tiff Parliamentary History 

K. Baiy VIIL mons^ the Cardinal's Caufe was fo well defended by 

his Secretary, Cromwell, then a Member^, that ha 

Cudinil »'<^rrahfolute]y cleared hts Mailer from any Charge of 

uiiuittnl. Treafon, and he was fully acquitted thereof. From 

this honeft Begining, fays Lord Heritrt, Themtf 

Cromwell dated hia future Reputation. i 

A late Hiftorian * remarks, » That tho' the Av 

* torney-General, Hales, had accufed the Cardinal, 

* in the Star-Chambcr, of breaking the Statute of 

* Pramuiiire, and exercifine his Office of Legate a 

* Latere without the King s Licence ; yet in the 

* Articles above, exhibited in the Houfe of Lords 

* againft him, there was no fuch Thing : IJecaufe, 

* adds he, it would have been contrary 10 Equity to 

* accufc the Cardinal of exercifing the Authority of 

* a Legate, without the King's PermilTion, when 

* the King was known to confcnt to it, tho' not in 

* the Manner prefcribed by the Law.' But tho* 
the Cardinal efcaped this Blow, he never was re- 
inftated again in theKing's Favour. And, as his 
bitter Enemies took all Opportunities to dcftroy 
him, they at length prevailed upon the King to caufe 
him to be arreded at his Caltle oi Cawaiid, near 
Yori, and brought up to London, for another Trial ; 
but a fuperior Summons, to a much higher Tribu- 
jial^ look him at Lehejier, where he died. No- 

fuiDutlit vember2j, 1530, with thcfe remarkable Words in 
his Mouth, IflhadfervedmyGodtvithhaifth* 
■Zeal that I have ferved my King, he would riot in my 
Grey Hairs have thus forfaken me I 

Before the Cardinal died the Pope's Supremacy 

in England began to lofe Ground ; and Clement VIl, 

having abfotutely denied to confirm the Divorce, 

Henry, in his Turn, refolved. to inquire what Ai4-- 

tliority the Pope had in his Dominions : And, as it- 

feems to us, the fame Parliaicent that tnade the 

L iff' D - *^°^® Stroke at Cardinal Wolfey, carried it jlill 

irine gaiai ' farther againft the Papal Authority. Luther's Doc- 

Grooiui, trine was now fecretly admitted into rnany Places 


' BiOiop Cadvijn wrilcs. That (hs CiriiraX had pnrpofely pit 
him defied a MemtKr sf the L.ower Hanie, in aider to defeat him, 
;jM«;*./H'enty Vlil. 6fc. . 

i K^fh't ttittOTy oi Ei^ilan^, V«l, I. p. 73S, 

■ I,, Google 

5^ E N G L A N p. J7 

«f the Kingdom, with much Approbation ; 2ni^Bt^jVuU 
gaveAichlmpre^ions, that even the moft ignorant 
began to examine, whether the Errors then ordina- 
rily controverted, did belong to the Dodrine, or 
to the Government of the Church. And this alone, 
fays Lord Herbert, as it was the firft Step, lb was it 
a great and bold Sally towards that Reformation 
which afterwards followed. 

Many Abufes which the Laity received 'daily 
from the Clergy were loudly complained of; and 
the Kingt being now willing that they Ihould be 
flri£lly inquired into, referred the Rcdrefs thereof 
to the Commons in this Parliament. Complaints 
alio being made in that Houfe ', againll £xac> siili for Kfirm. 
tioDS for Probates of Teftimonics and MartuariesiingcbeAbmfarf 
for Pluralities, Non-refidence, and againft Priefts''" '^^'^^ 
that were Farmers of Lands, Tanners, Wooll- 
buycrs, i^c. the Spirituality were much offended at 
Ihefe Proccedingsjand when the Bills for regulating 
ihcfe Exorbitances were brought before the Houfe 
of Lords, Jahn Fijker, Bifhop of Rochefler^ made 
B remarkable Speech againft them. As the Defign 
of thefe Inquiries is to preferve an exafl: Impartia- 
lity, 'we fli all give this Speech v^r^artm ; as it i> 
printed in a fmall Treatife on thp Life and DeatU 
pfthat Prelate', 

My Lords, 
' TTERE arc certain Bills exhibited againft the "i^'P ''':*<• 
' JfJ Clergy, wherein there are Complaints made ^^^ »i»i«w 
'againft the Vicioufnefs, Idlenefs, 'Rapacity, and 
' Cruelty of Biihops, Abbots, Pricfts, and their 
' Officials. But, my Lords, are all vicious, all 
*iille, all ravenous and cruel Priefts, or Biihops f 

* And, for foe h as are foch, are there not Laws 

* provided already ggainft fuch ? Is there any A- 
' bufe that we do not feek to redtify f Or, can 
' there be fuch a Redtiiication as that there iball be 

* no Abufes ? Or, are not Clergymen to reflify 

* the 

* Thefe Comslsmls vnc drawn up into fin Articles, and ate in , 

f"'t ABi and Mii'mrins; Vol.11 p. 907. Edit. 1555. 

fThi Life and Dfaib o/John Fillier, Si/bif 0/ Rocheller, &c, 
fj Dr. Thomu G.iilcv, jimo, L«od< 1635. Ktjf'ailti Aunt I7jg< 

p -hyGoogle 

|8 The ParUamentary Histort 

IC&wyTIlI. ' the Abufca of the Clergy ? Or, IbslI Men find 

* Fault with other Men's Manners, while they 

* forget their o4rn ; end punifh where they have no 

* Authority tocorre£t ? If wc be not executive in 

* our Laws, let each Man fufFer for his Delinquen- 

■ cy ; or, if we have not Power, aid us with your 

* Affiftance, and we fhall give you Thanlcs. But, 

* my Irfirds, I hear there is a 'Motion made, that 

* the finali MouafHries fliould be given up into the 

* King's Hands, which makes me fear that it is not 

* fo much the Good as the Goods of the Church 

* that is looked after. Truly, my Lords, how this 

* may found in your Ears I cannot tell, but to me 

* it appears no othcrwife, than as if our Holy Mo- 

* ther the Church were to become a Bondmaid, and 

* now btought into Servility and Thwldom j and, 

* bylittle and little, tobequitebanilhedoutof thofe 

* Dwelling-places, which the Piety and Liberality 

* of out Forefathers, as m oft bountiful BenefatEtors, 

* hate conferred upon her. Otherwife, to what 

* tendeth thefe purtcntous. and curious Petitions 

* from the Commons ? To no other Intent oF 

* Purpofc, but to bring the Clergy in Contempt 

* with the Laity, that they may feize their Patri- 

■ moriy. But, my Lords, beware of yourfeives 

* and your Country ; beware of your Holy Mother 
'• the Catholic Church ; the People are fubjefl to 

' Novelties, and ia(/>'ro»//nf fpreads itfclf amongft 

* us. Remember Germany and Bohemia^ what 

* MIferies are. befallen them rilready, and let our 

* Neighbours Houfes that arc now on Fire teach uis 

* to beware of our own Difafters. Wherefore, my 

* Lords, I will tell you plainly whit I think j 

* that, except ye refiii manfully, by your Autho- 

* rities, this violent Heap of Mifchiefs offered by 

* the Commons, you fhall fee alt Obedience fir^ 

* drawn from the Clergy, and fecondly from your- 
» felves ; and if you fcarch into the true Caufee of 
? all thefe Mifchjcfs which reign amongft them, 
' you (hall 6nd that they all arite through Want of 

* Faith.' 

Jhe fame Authority tells us, that this Speech 

p:hy Google 


jdeafci or difplcafed fcveral of the Houre of Lonis, ^BmyfJilf 
^ they were Aiterfly inclined to forward or flatter 
the King's Oeligns. Bift, aciongft them all, none 
^ade a ^eply to it but only the Otike of NorfaHj 
yiho laid to the Bifliop, ' My Lord of RtskifttTy 

* many of thcfe W<»ds might have been well fpa- 
F red ; but I wift it is fiften feea that the ^xnatit 
^Clerks are not always the wifefl Men.' To 
which the Biffaop replied, ' My Lord, I io not 
i remeniber any Fools in iny Time that ever pr«f ed 
^ ereat Oerlu.' 

When the Lower Houfc heard of this Spcech,tliffy'Wlikhii n&ati 
f^onceived Co great Indignation againfl theBiSiop,*^ ^T theConr 
^at they immediately fcnt their Speakar, Auditj^"^*' 
attended with a Nvinber of the Members, to com- 
[dain of it to the King; and to let his Majefty 
jtnow ' how grteyoiifly they thought themfclves' 

* injured thereby, for charein^ them with Lack of 
f Faith, as if they had been Infidels or Heretics, i^e! 
To fatiafy the Commons, theKingfentfor the Bi- 
fliop of £di:i/^irr to come before him; when, being 
pre^nt, the King demanded of him, why he fpoke 
fn (uch a Manner? The Prelate anfwered, ' That, 
' being in Parliament, he fpake his Mind freely in 
f Defence of the Church, which he faw daily in- 
.' jured and opprelTed by the common People, whofe 
' Office it was not to judge of her Manners, much 
' lefs %o reform them ; and therefore, he faid, he 
5 thought himfetf in Confcience bound to defend' 
' her in all that lay within bis Power.' However, 
the King advifcd him ' to ufc his Words more tem- 
' perately another Time,' which was all he then 
{aid to him. 

But the Injury the Commons thought theyhad 
leceived, by this Reileflion, was not fo eafily di- 
gefted ; for one of the Members, malting Ufe of 
Ihe Gofpel-Uoarinc fo far, fays the Noble Hifto- 
rian, as to take a reafonable Liberty to judge of 
Things ; and, being piqued at the Bifhnp foe lay- 
ing it all on Want of Faith, flood up in'that Houfe, 
iiilld fpo^c to this EfTe^ : 



6o The Parliamentary HistorV ■ 

K. M^rj VIII. ^r. Speaker «, 

A Spt«h upon -* JF none clfc but the Bifhop of Rochefter, or hli 

(tutOccJion, . I Adherents, did hold this Language, tt wodd 

* lefs trouble me; but fince fo many religious and 
'different Se£b, now confpicuous in the whole 

* World, do not only vindicate unto themfelvos 

, ' theName of the true Church, but labour betwixt' 

* Invitations and Threats, for nothing more than to 
' make us refign our faith to a fimple Obedience, 
*.I fhall crjve Leave to propofe what I think fit in 

* this Cafe for us Laiques and" Secular Perfons to' 

* do; not that I will make my Opinion any Rule to 

* others, when any better Expedient fliall beoffer'd,- 

* but that I would be glad we confidered hereof, as 

* the gr€ateft Affair that doth or may concern us. 

' For if, in all human A£tions, it be hard to find 

* that Medium, or even Temper, which may keep 
- * us from declining into Extremes, it will he much 

* more difficult in religious Worfhip ; both as the 

* Path is fiippofed narrower, and the Precipices 

* more dangerous on every Side. And becaufc each 

* Man is created by God a free Citizen of the 

* World, and obliged to nothing fo much as the 

* Inquiry of thofe Means by which he may attain 

* his everlafling Happinefs, it will be fit to examine 

* to whofe Tuition and Condudt he commits him- 
' felf : For as feveral Teachers, not only differing 
» in LanguagPj Habit, and Ceremony, or at leaft in 
' fomeofthefe, but peremptory and oppofite in their 

* Dodlrines, prefencthemfelves, much Circumfpec-' 
' tion muft be ufed : Here then, taking his Profpect, 

* He Ihall find thefe Guides diretSing him to feverai 

* Ways, whereof the firii yet extends no furlhert 

* than to the Laws and Religions of each Man's 

* native Soil or Diocefe, without palling thofo' 

* Bounds. The fecond, reaching much further, 
' branches itfelf in to that Diverfity of Religions and 

* Philofophies, that not only are, but have bi?en 

eiWHcrberf.LiiS./HfnryVIlI. p. ig?. 

1.;, Pit, he hi 

,t Itft U! Iht Name of Me Spcakt.. h'^/l tnjy i 


Dlio of G-iy\-Iin i and in iht Dcbalc, wlien ii 


gtd in Ddenec of tlie Clerg*. he faid, Tit l/ligr 


'/effiiar-cisBShoore.'sHiUj eis"> i' ii i^^i"^ 

i-^if fgl. 1S3. 


0/ E N G L A N D. 6i 

* extant in former Times, untill he bcable to deters t^ffon^viit. 

* mine which is bcil. But, in either of thefe, no 

* liitle Difficulties will occur : For, if each Man' 

* ought to be fecurc of all that is taught at home, 

* without inquirit7g further, how can be anlwer 
'his Confcience ? When looking abroad, thfi 
' Tecrots of evcrlafting Damnation Qvill be dc- 
' nounced on him, by the feveral Hierarchies and 
' vifible Churches of the World, if he believe anjr 
*'Do£trine but theirs. And that, amongH thefe 
' again, fuch able and underftanding Perfons may 
'be found, as in alt other Affairs will equal his 

* Teachers. Will it be fit that he believe God hath 
' infpired his own Church and Religion only, and 

* delcrted the reR, when yet Mankind b fo much 
'of one Offspring, that it hath not only the fame 

* Pater Communis in God, but is come all from the 
' fame carnal Anceftors ! Shall each Man, without 
' more Examination, believe his Priells in what 
' Religion foevcr i and, when he hath done, call 
' their Doctrine his Faith >. On the other Side, if 

* he mull argue Controversies before he can be fa- 
' tisfied, how much Leifure mull he obtain i How 
' much Wealth and SubHance mull he confumc j 
' How many Languages muft he leatn i And how 

* many Authors mull he read i How many Ages 
' muft he look into ? How many Faiths mull he 

* examine I How many Kxpofitions mufl he con- 
' fer, and how many Con traditions reconcile i 
' How many Countries muft he wander into, and 
' how many Dangers muft he run f Briefly, would 
' not our Life, on thefe Terms, be a perpetual Pc- 
' regrination ; while each Man pofted into the 

* other's Country to learn the Way to Heaven, 
' without yet that he could fay at laft he had 
' known or tried all ? What remains then to be 
'done? Muft he take all that each Prieft, upon 

* PieCenceoflnfpiration, would teach him, becaufo 
' it might be (o ; or may he leave all, becaufe ic 
' might beotherwifc? Certainly, to embrace all Re- 
' ligions, according to their various and repugnant 
' Rites, Tenets, Traditions, and Faiths, is impof- 

. *fiblc, * 

■ i>, Google 

6i 'the Partiaihekldry ftfrstoiiiV 

iLfiinjVlii. * fiWe, when y^t in one Age it were hot poffiMej 

* after incredible Pains and Expences, to learn out 

* andnumbcrthcn). On the other Side, to rcjedl a!I 

* Religitonsindifferentlyisasimpioiis.therebeingntf 

* Nation that in fomcKind or other doth not worfhi p' 

* God, fo that there will beaNeceffitjrtodiftineiiifii^ 

< Not yet that any Man will be able, upon Com- 
' * parifon, todlfcern which is the perfcfleft alnoni^, 

* the many profeflcd in the whole World, each of 

* them being of that large Extent, that no Man's 

* Underftanding will ferve to comprehend it in it* 

* uttermbll Latitude and Signification: But, at lealt^ 

* that every Man might vindicate and fever, iii his 

* particular Religion, themore eHential and demon- 

* ftrative Parts from thereA, without being moved 

* (b much at the Threats and Promifcs of any other 
*■ Religion that would make him obnoxious, as 

* to depart from this Way, there being no ordi- 

* nary Method fo intelligible, ready, and cofnpen-; 

* dious, for conduifting each Ma|i to his deftrec) 
« End. Having thus therefore recolleflfll himfelf^ 

* and together implored the Affiftance of that Su- 

* preme God whom all Nations acknowledge, he 

* mull labour, in the next Place, to find out what 
*■ inward Means his Providence hath delivered ttj 

* difcern the true not only from the falle, hut fcvcrt 

* from the likely and poffible, each of them requi- 

* ring a peculiar Scrutiny and Confideration ; Nei- 

< Iher Ihall he fly thus to particular Reafon, which 

* may foon lead him to Hetefy ; but, after a due Se- 

* paration of the more doubtful and controvertett 

* Parts, Ihall hold himfelf to common, authenticj 

* and univerfal Truths, and confequcntly inform 
« himfelf, what in the feveral Articles propofed to 

* him is fo taught, as it is firft written in the Heart, 

* and together delivered in all the Lawt and Reli- 

* gions he can hear of in the whole World : This 

* certainly ca(i never deceive him, fince thcre- 

* in he (hall find out hoW far'the impreflions at 

* God's Wifdom and Goodnefs are extant in all 

* Mankind, and to what Degrees his univerfal Pro- 

* videncc hath dilated itfelf ; while thus afccnifing 

■ i>, Google 

»/ENGLAND. 63 

* to God by the fame Steps he defcencls to us, heK. Vn^^'UI* 
' cannot fail to encounter the Divine Majetly. 

' Neither ought it to trouble him if he finds thefe 
' Truths varioulTy complicated with Difficulties or 
' Errors ; fince. without infilling on more Points 

* than wham are clearly agreed on every Side, it will 

* be hit Part to reduce them into Method and Or- 

* der; which alfo is not hard, they being but few, 
' and apt for Connexion : Ho that it will concern 
.'our feveral Teachers to imitate us in this Ooc- 

* trine, before they come to any particular Dirc'c- 

* lion ; leA otherwife they do Jike thofe who «'ould 
' perfuade us to renounce Day-light to lludy oniy 
' by their Candle. It will be worth the Labour, 

* afluredly, to inquire how far thefe, univerfal No- 
' tions will guide us, before we commit ourfelves 

* to any of their abftrufe and fcholafiic Myiteries, 
' or fupernatural and private Revelations ; not yet 

* but that they alfo may challenge a juft Place in 
' our Belief, when they are delivered upon war- 
' rantable Tcltimony ; but that they cannot be un- 

* derflood as fo indifferent and infallible Principles 

* lor the Inflru(£lion of all Mankind. 

* Thus, among many fuppofed inferior and que- 

* Hionable Deities worihipped in the four Quarters 
'■ of the World, we fliall Bndone Chief fo taught 

* us, as above others to be highly reverenced. 

'Among many Rites, Ceremqnics, Volumes, y^. 

* delivered us as Inftrumems or Parts of his Wor- 
' Ihip, he Ihall iind Virtue fo eminent, as it alone 

* concludes and fums up the reil. Infomuch as 

* there is no Sacrament which is not finally re- 
' folved intfc it ; good Life, Charity, Faith in, and 

* Love of, God, being fuch necelTary and effential 

* Parts of Religion, that all the rcfl are finally clofed 

* and determined in them. 

* Among the many Expiations, Luftrations, and 
'Propitiations for. our Sins, taught in the feveraF 
" Quarters of the World in tiindry Times,- we fhall 

* find that none doth avail without hearty Sor- 
' row for our Sins, and a true RepentatKe towards 
' God, whom we have oflended. 

' And 

■ i>, Google 

7x PmF^dmentarj ttistok^ 

We. wKfl T-t ia one Age it were not poffiblej 
^Ks- M ue A M e Pwu and Expehccs, to learn ou^ 
■^■^ilii I III I III OntbcodicrSide, torejedlall 
Ki A^» BM Ui J iM">.n.ut1j hasimpiims- there being ntf 
Kane* A«i « fiwK Kind or other doth not worflii p' 
Nfil Tc(&M M7 Mm wni be able, upon Com- 
fsrifca, iDt&ceni wfaidi htfae perfeficft atnon^ 
*e BMv profcCd in the whole Wofld, each of 
■hc^ ^'^^ *^ *^^ ^**W^ Extent, (hat no Man's 
I'lJiiTi iraif. vin ferre to coniprehefid it in it< 
ta rtm aa Latiradeand Signification: But, at leaft^ 
ffeMcwT Matt Biigbt (indicate and fever, in his 
^MtJEMlif Rcfigioo, the more eflenttal and dcmon- 
SnMc Fas 6n^ the reft, without being moved 
io mmA m ifae Tlicals and PnHnifes of anj other 
feiuiM Ak woaU make him obnoxious, as 
•B A^ ia K fiimi thn W^aj., there being no ordi- 
■HT Metbod fa imdE^lc, ready, and compen- 
^■Bi far cuttdwQiii^ cadi Man to his defired 
E*l- Hanig lb«s tbctcfofc recoiled A hi mrclff 
mai see * Act ■■pfaftd the AJSftance of that Su- 
Ood wfakB all Nations acknowledge, ht 
■a Ac next Place, to find out what 
fan Pnmdcncc bath delivered to 
not oolr from the falle, but even 
^c^ ibe Ekxir and poSble, each of them reqiri- 
ra^ancdur Scradnyand Confideration : Nei- 
Aet fcaL be Crthns topanicular Reafon, whicH 
■an-faaaifeadhuBtoHcrehjbut, after a dueSe- 
.(■lacka cf Ae more doabtfiil and controverted 
PsEis. &1.1 hold lumlclf to common, authentic^ 
■bi -..^:;*vTii] Traths, and coofequcntly inform 
^ 3iA-lt. mias in the fereral Articles propofed to 
In •< fa taseht. as it is firfl wrinen in the Hearty 
tad a tyt r j tt ddmred in all the Laws and Reli- 
Kcs be OM War of in the whole World : This 
certaic^r catt ncrcr deceive him, fince thcte- 
■c re At'; ed cot how far'tbc ImpreOions o^ 
GwV \V::"ia«B and Goodnc^ are extant in all 
X!iri.-;i. snd to wfcat [>^iees his univerfal Pro- 
TiJ.r-'ce iuth cl'xxi itfelf j while thus afccniJing 


^/'ENGLAND. 63 

* to God by the fame Steps he defcendi to ui, heK. ffrw/VIll* 
'cannot ful to encounter the Divine Majefty. 

' Neither ought it to trouble him if he ftndi thcfe 

* Truths vaiioulTy complicated with Di£cultief or 
' Erton i &nce, vicbout iniiSing on more Points 

* duDwhaCaiE dearly ;^ccd 00 every Side, it will 
' be hii Pan Kt rcdncc then into trlctbod and Or- 
' der; wfakk alii Lt doc hanl, tbcy being but fcw» 

* and ape fm Pi— I'l iiwi iw that tt will concern 

* our feveial Tcaehen lo iimitmr as in ihia Ooc 

* trine, be&K cuey cmc M any particular Dircc- 
■ noa; left sdmwiie Siey io uke titaie who wonld 
' po&taife H to ""-"■-^ Os^-iizht ta fiualy onl/ 
' by their t"— nrfU It «-.! iie wortii the Labeor, 

* aSKodlTT l> in^KC aow ar Cietii mmvttCai So- 

* ae^ will ciitie n. xaue we cim i m t ourftiues 

* bi asy of iaer ^atirK ^w camaKc U^fteriea* 

* or l^oBxnrsl xw viK^ il0ciacuuM ; ■ocfec 

* bat tkw ±r( atki bv :aalcn^ a -att ?'.ace u» 

p -hyGoogle 

^4 ^^ 'Parliamentary Histcjky 

K.H/*r,VIII. € And, Jaftly, amidft the divers Places and MaM 

* neis of Reward and Punifliment, which formed 

* Ages have delivered, we (hall find God's Jufticd 

* and Mercy not To limited, but that he can extend 

* either of them even beyond Death, and confc- 
■ quently recompenfe or chaflife eternally. Thefc 

* therefore, as univerfal and undoubted Truths, 
t * Ihould, in my Opinion, be lirft received; they will 

* at leaft keep us from Impiety and Atheifm, and 

* together lay a Foundation for God's Service and 

* the Hope of a better Life : Befides, it will reduce! 

* Men's Minds from uncertain and controverted 
' Points, to a folIdPradice of Virtue; or, whenwd 

* fall from it, to an unfeigned Repentance and 

* Purpofe, thro' God's Grace, to amend our fmfut 

* Life i without malting Pardon fo cafy, cheap, or 

* mercenary as fome of them do. Laftly, it will 

* difpofe us to a general Concord and Peace ; for, 

* when we are agreed concerning thefe ecetnal 

* Caufes and Means of our Salvation, why fhould 
•we fo much differ for the reft? Since as thefc 

* Piinciples exclude nothing of Faith or Tradition, 

* in what Age or Manner foever it intervened, 

* each Nation may be permitted the Belief of any 

* pious Miracle that conduceth to God's Glory J 

* without that, on this Occafion, we need to fcan- 

* dalize or offend each other. The common Truths 

* in Religion, formerly mentioned, being firmer 

* Bonils of Unity, than that any Thing emergent 

* out of Traditions, whether written or unwritten, 

* fhould diflblve them ; let us therefore eilablifli' 

* and fix thefe Catholic or univcrfal Notions ; they 

* will not hinder us to fcelieve whatfoever elfe is 

* faithfiiJly taught upon the Authority of theChurch. 

* So that whether the Eaftern, Weftern, Northern, 

* or Southern T^'^hers, Wr. and particularly whe- 

* ther my Lord of Rochijhr, Luther, Eccias, Zuin- 
' glius, Erafmus, Mdaniihon^ i^c. be in the Right* 

* we Laiques may fo build upon thefe Catholic and 
' infallible Grounds of Religion, as whatfoever Su- 

* perftru^ures of Faith be raifed, thefe Foundations 

* yet may fupporc them.' 

This ■ 

p-hy Google 

■ §/* i: N G L A N 15. 6; 

This Speech was differently taken alfo by thofe*^ »«*? viii. 
ifho were ftill Friends or f^nemies t^ the Church 
<ii Rome. However, the Majority being of the Rpiigjon (,( ^j, 
latter Opinion, a Reforinatidn in Religion was re- Foot} 
- Iblved upon, as far as was confiHenc with the efla- . 
bjilhed Laws of the Kingdom. Thefc Things 
fijs Hall, againft the PoWer of the Clergy, before 
ibis Time, durfl hat be attedipted, or even talked 
t)f, unlcfs a Man woiild run tne Hazard of being 
judged an Heretic, , and lofe all that he had : For 
a the Bi(hops wer^ always Chancellors, and had 
the fole Rule about the King, no Man durA pre- 
fumc to attempt any Thing contrary to their Wills 
and Advantage. But now an Afl was made toAfiipiflid lb 
fettle the Fees for Probates of Wills, and for Mor- J^'f"""* t^"- 
tUariet, Moreover, Spiritual Perfons were abrid- 

E:d frbm taking of Farms, and from Pluralities of 
ivtngs, uhlefs they were qualified by certain Uni- 
♦erfity Degrees, or by the Nobility, to whom si 
Competent Number of Chaplains were affigned. , 

Non-Refidenee alfo, then very ufual, was forbid- 
den, except in fomeCafes ; the reft explained and 

But there was another Bill pafTed in this Parlia- 
ment, which, becaufe of its fmgular Nature, and 
that it is not printed with the other Statutes, Bi(hap 
Burnet hath thought fit to publifh in the CslleitioA 
ifRicords, at the End of his firfl Volume of the 
Rtfomi2tiiJn'. The Bill bears, in its Preamble, 
the higheft Flattery that coiild be piit In Paper, of 
the great Things the King had done for the Church , 

and Nation, in which he had been at vaft Expences : , 
That divers of his Subjects had lent great Sums of 
Money, which had been all well employed in the 
Public Service ; and whereas the Lenders had Se- 
curity for the Payment, the Parliament did offer 
all tlicfe Sums, fo lent, to the King, and difchargcd 
him of all the Obligations or AlBgnments made for 
Vol. in. E their 

i> S« SlMata M hrgi. It Hfurj Vlll. 

I Bur^ct't Hijhrj ,J lie Sc/ufuuias, iD AeJpfaiix, No, jj. 
Alfo Vol. 1. p. 83. 

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66 Tke Parliamentary History 

iCifeu^viii. their Payment, and of all Suits that might arife 

«' thereupon. 
An A& Piflcd to ^"'^ '^y*' "^^^^ 1"°** P^''* of *^^ Houfe of Com- 
Jitch*rgc the mom Were the King's Servants, by whom the Bill 
King from «r- was brought in. ThefeCouniers, in their Debates, 
JiJJ"^')""'^" enlarged much ' on the Wealth and Peace of the 
Creditori. ' Nation, notwithftanding the Wars; the King al- 

* ways making his Enemies Country the Scene of 

* them. They faid that, for fourteen Years, the 

* King had but one Subfidy from his People; and . 

* that now he aiked nothing for any other Purpofe 
' than only to be difcharged from a Debt cotitra^- 

* ed for the Public ; by the Accounts of which* 

* there {hewed, they might fee to what Ufes the ' 
' Money fo raifed had been applied.' 

Bifhop Burntt obferves. That there were feverat 
£nds in paffing this Bill : The Courtiers did not 
only intend to deliver the King from a Charge by 
it, but alfo to ruin ail the Cardinal's Friends and 
Creaturss, whom he had caufed every where to ad- 
vance great Sums on this Account for an Example 
to others. Many in the Houfe were convinced that 
the Adt was unjuft in itfcif, yet did eafily give Way 
to tti that they might elFediually, for the future, dif- 
credil that Way of raifing Money by Loans ; judg- 
ing it the public Interell of the Kingdom to have no 
Money raifed but by Parliament. But Hati writes 
exprelly, That there was much under-hand Dealing 
pra£tifed to get this Bill palTed, which gave much 
Difcontent to the poor Sufferers, and occafioned 
An Aa for > S*^^' Murmuring in others. To qualify this rough 
^iMfuaaa. Proceeding, the King thought lit to grant a free 
and abfolute Pardon lo his Subjeifts for all Offences, 
Tome capital ones excepted, as is ufual in fuch Cafes. 
And, to keep the Clergy dill under the Rod, all 
Tranfgreflions againft the Statute of Prxmunirey 
i£e. were excepted, which felj upon them feverely 
afterwards. There are two other remarkable Ex- 
ceptions in the Aft; the one is, for thofe that pull 
or dig down Crofles in the High Roads, to have no 
Benefit of this Pardon ; the other is, on the Profe- 
cution of Cardinal ^ij^^, and the Forfeitures that 



tiMe thereby to the King, fjz. the Cardinal's»»:y Till. 
'/Ji2x>\\t.%c in Oxford, withthe Lands belonging to it, 
which arc excepted ) upon which the Dean and 
Canons refigncd their Lands to the King, but he 
founded the College a-new (bon after. All this, 
fays tiilhop Burrut, was done, both to keep the 
Clergy quiet, znd to engage them to ufe their In^ 
tereft with the Pope, to difpofe him to favour the 
King more in the great Affair of the Divorce. 

The Author of the Life of Bifhop Fi/ltfr hu 
thrown in here an invidious InQnuation, that an 
Account was given in this Parliament of the Sum 
oftoOjOOo/. Charges, which the King had been 
at in obtaining fo many InHruments from foreign 
Univerfities concerning the Bufinefs of thcDivorce. 
Thefe were all exhibited in the next Parliament} 
and ir was farther urged that the King had been at 
thefe £xpences through the Fallhood and Diflimu- 
lation of the Cardinal, and certain others of the ji,g Qnw «- 
Chief of the Clergy ; for which it was demanded quired m ptjtht 
that the whole Body of them Ihould make It good *ioabii Drtt. 
to the King. When this Matter was propounded 
in Convocation, Bilhop Fljher oppofed it, and faid 
linto the King's Orators, ' That it was not their 
' Faults, as they were there the Body Reprefentative 

* of the Clergy, that the King had~ been at any 

* Charges at all concerning that Bufinefs j for, to 
' his Knowledge, the Clergy were generally againd 

* it, tkat any fuch Matter thould at all be brought 

* in Qufftion ; and that, if any fuch faulty Perfons 
'were, amongfl them, it was fit they ihould ht 

* queftioned and compelled to give his Majefty Sa- 
' tisfaflion.' Whereupon, fays our Authority, they 
all flatly denied to make Reftitution on any fuch 
Score. This ferved as a Praludium to the Winds 
of the enfuing Tempeft. 

We have given the foregoing Account of this 
Seffion of Parliament, chiefly from HalN Chro- 
nicle, Lord Herhert'i Hiflory, and Bilhop Fijhir'i 
Life, having no other Authority to go by; and- 
mufl: continue to do fo till the Jottrnals begin 
, aeain. 

^ E2 It 

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68 The Parliamentary HisTORr 

Jt. Bmj VIU. It. is plain, by thcfe Writers and others, that the 
Affair of the Divorce and the new Reformation 
, went on together; the one, as a Spiritual Bufinefs, 

w»s confined to the Sentence and Determination 
of the Ecdcfiaftlca! Courts ; but the latter came 
before Lay Judges, and was chiefly the RefDlution 

-of the King, his Temporal Lords, and Houfe of 
Commons. Bifliop Burnet ^ obferves, That there 
had been great induftry ufed in managing E]e£Hons 

■ for this Parliament ; and they were (o fuccelsful in 
tetuining fuch Members as the King wanted, that 
he was lefulved to continue them till they had done 
his Work, both in the AfFair of the Divorce and 
the Bufinefs of the Reformation, Some of the Spi- 
rituality alfo ran on with the Stream, not knowing 
then, we dare fay, ,where it would carry them: 
A plain InDance of this is their joining with the 
.Temporal Lords and Commons, iii a Letter, or 
Declaration, to the Pope, under their Hands and 
Seals, concerning Abufes in the Church. It waa 
the firft Thing, we find, that they went upon, at 
their next Meeting in Parliament, which happened, 
AanoR^ai. according to Prorogation, July ^o, 1530. The 
'^^°' Letter it^lf, as taken from the Records, is preferw'd 
Atfyifimii-Jltr. by Lord Herbert, with the Pope's Anfwcr to it, 
in the original Language. Biffaop Kenntt, in his 
Jidition of that Book, hath given us the following 
Tranflation of them. 

thtp^^^^t ■ T^ 'he Mofl Holy Lord, our Lord and Fa- 

iothePope,in * X ther in C/ii-y?, C/ew«/, by the DivincPro- 

^»our of qj;«n « yidence, the feventh Pope of that Name, we wilh 

voi«!"" ' '' ' ^^^ P"y ^*"' P^fp^tu^l Felicity in our Lord jfe/us 

' Cbri/i, with 'all Humility throwing ourfelves at 

' his 'Feet. Moft blefled Father, although the 

* Caufe concerning the Marriage of the moft invin- 

• cible Prince our Sovereign Loid the King of £ng- 

• /flWand France, Defender of the Faith, and Lord 

* of Ireland, does, for fundry great and weighty 

• Reafons of iifelf, requite and demand your Ho- 

* linefi>'s ADtflance, that it may be brought to that 

' fpeedy 

k Burea'i Hifltrj, Vol, I, p. 84. 


e^ENGLAND. 6p 

* fpeedy End and Determination, which we withK'*"^vill. 

* fb great and carneft Dcfires have wifbed, and 

* with fo very greats though very Yain Expe^ations, 
' h^ve long looked for from your Holinefs ; wfe 

* could not neverthelefs prevail with ourfelvcs to 

* keep Silence herein any longer, efpecially fincb 
'our Kingdom and the Affairs thereof "fufFer fo 

* much, and are brought into Co great Danget 

* through the unCearonablc Delay of Sentence 

* herein : So that flnce his Majelly, our Head, and 

* by confcquence the Life of us all, and we, in his 

* Words, as Subject-Members, by a ju{l Union an- 
' nexed to the Head, have with great EameftRsfs 

* prayed your Holinefs, but prayed in vain, we are^ 

* by the Greatnefs of our Grief, forced feparaiely 

* and diftindlly, by thefe our Letters, maH humbly 
' to intreat your fpeedy Determination hereof. The 

* Juftice of the Caufe itfclf, approved of by the 

* Opinions of the moft learned Men every where^ 

* and determined by the Decrees of the moft fa- 

* mous Univerfities in the World, and efteem'd and 

* judged moft righteous by all Perfons either mEng- 

* land, France^ or Italy, who arc moft eminent for 

* their Learning, might fo far prevail, as that your 

* Holinefs, though no Body intrcated it, nayv 

* though fome oppofed it, fhould, with your own 

* Voice and Authority, confirm that Sen ten<:e which 

* has fo univerfaily been pronounced juft; efpecially ^ 
< when your Determination of this Caufe, is i 

* Piece of Juftice done to that King and Kingdom, 

* which, upon fo many fcveral Accounts, have dc- 
' ferved well of the Apoftolical See. Although 

* Intreaties to you herein feem not to be necefTary, 
' however we make them, as Perfons overborn 

* with TrouWes, who indulge their Grief, and fre- 
' quently pour forth repeated and unneeeflary 

' Prayers : But fince your Holinefs is not to be" . 

* prevailed upon, either by the Juftice of the Caufe,' 
' the Kemembrance of the good Services you havK 
' always found, or by the carneft and continued 
' Requefts of the beft of Princes, to do that which 

* Oiight be expelled from your paternal Love and 

£ 3 * Affe£lion' 

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70 i'he parliamentary History 

K.Htvjyiat « AffeflionaloncourGriefisby theRemembrance 
of OUT Mirciics and Calamities increarcd to that 
immcnfe Degree, that it ovcrfprcads the whol^ 
Sody of the Realm, and gives a Voice of Com- 
plaint to each Member of it, forcing them, both b^ 
their Words and in their Letters, to lay before 
youi Holitieli this their infupportable Grievance, 
for how great a Misfortune is it, that what out 
own two IJniverfitics, the Univerfity of Par'tSy 
as well as many others in Franct, what almoil aU 
Men of Learning, Knowledge, and Integrity, 
both at home aiid abroad, have determined and 
affirmed to be true, and the Truth of which they- 
are ready to defend and fupport, both ' in their 
Difcourfea and Writings, yet cannot a Confir- 
mation of this fo univeifally acknowledged Truth 
be obtained from the Holy ApoHolical See by that 
Prince, by whofe Support and Affiftance that Seo 
fiill keeps and prefcrves its Authority, which hat 
been Ihaken and undermined by fo maay an4 
fo powerful Adrerfaries, till he withftood ao4 
oppofed their Deligns, partly by his Sword, partly 
by his Pen, at other Times by his Command) 
and Authority, fupporting that Power and Au- 
thority of the Church, from whence others are 
enabled to obtain thofe mighty Advantages from 
which he now finds himfelf only excluded. Wliat 
Anfwer can be m^de hereto we fee not ; and 
yet we fee that frofji hence a Flood of Mileries 
is flowing in vppi the Commonwealth, and a 
Sort of Deluge of Calamities overwhelming us, 
from the Difputes about SuccelCon ; which will 
foon overtake us, never to be fettled without in- 
finite Slaughter and EtFufion of Blood. We now 
have a King moft eminent for his Virtues, feated 
upon the Throne of his Ancctlors, by Right un- 
doubted and uncjuellionable, who would entail 
lading Peace and uninterrupted Tranquillity oif 
his Realms, if he leaves a Son to fucceed hint 
from lawful and true Marriage ; nor will that be - 
poffible, onlefs your Holinefs will, by your Autho- 
rity, pronounce the &mc Sentence- concerning his 

p-h»Gooj^lc ' 

e'"ENGLAND. yi 

' former Marriage, which fo many learned Men K- "'"7^111. 

* have already delivered. But if your Holinefs, 

* whom we juftly call our Father, fliall, by rcfii- , 

* ling to comply herein, efteem ps as Call-aways, 

* and refolvc to leave us Orphans, we can make no 

* other Conftruiftion of it, but that the Care of 

* ourfelves is committed to our own Hands, and 

* that we are left to feck our Remedy ejfewhere. 
■ But that we may never be driven to thefe Extre- 

* mities, we beg your Holinefs, without Delay, ot 

* father Lofs of Time, to affift thefe his Majcfty's 

* moft juft and rcafonable Dellres ; wc moil ear- 
' nefiJy intreat a Confirmation of the Judgment 

* of thefe moft learned Men, humbly imploring, 

* that for the Sake of that mutual Love, and that 

* paternal Affection which your pafloral Office re- 

* quires you to fhew us, not to fliut up your BoweU 

* of Pity and Compaflion againfi us, your moll 

* dutiful, moft loving, moft obedient Sons. The 

* Cafe of his moft facred Majefty is the Cafe of us 
t all ; fmce the Head cannot fuSer, but the Mem- 
■ bcrs muJl bear a Part ; the Grief ariUng here- 

* from, and the Injury fuffered hereby, docs equally 

* afiet^ us, who bear our Proportion of all his Ma- 

* jefty's Affliflions ; the Remedy of which, as it 

* muft proceed wholly from your Holinefs's Power, 

* fo is it a Duty necelTarily arifine from your pa- 

* ternal Authoriry and Afleition : Which Remedy, 

* if your Holincfs Ihall refufe or delay to grant, ouc 
' Condition will indeed herein be more miferable, 
' that fo long we have fruitlefsly and in vain fought 

* Rcdrefs ; but it will not be wholly defperate, 

* fmce it is pofHble to find Relief fome other Way. 
< Defperate Remedies indeed are not without £x- 

* tremity to be applied \ but he that is fickwill by 
'any Means gee rid of his Diftemper: In th« 

* Change of our Mileries there is fome Comfort, 
' when if we cannot obtain pcrfedl Relief, yet we 

* may change our Condition fot that which is Icfs 

* alHi<5ling, and more tolerable. That your Holi- 

* nefs would be pleafed to take thefe Things into 

* ycHir oioft ferious Confideration, we da again and 

• again 

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The Parliamentary History 

K.flfl^VIH.« again bcfecch vou for our Lord Je/ui Chrijf%, 

* Sake, whofe Vicar on Earth you ftile yourfelf j 
^ and that you woufd now conform your Adiiona 
' to that Title, by pronouncing your Sentence to 

* the Glory and Praife of God, and thereby giving 

* your Teftimony and Sanflion to that Truth, 

* which has beeji examined, approved, and, after 
' much Deliberation, confirm 'd by the mofl learned 

* Men of all Nations. In the mean Time we Will 
f befeeth God, whom we infallibly know to be 

* Truth, that he would vouchfafe fo to inform and 

* direift your Holinefs's Deliberations herein, that 

* having, by your Holinefs's Authority, a Confir- 
' madon of what is juft, righteous, and true, wc 

* may therein refl fatisfied, and be free from the, 

* Tjouble of feeding to attain this End by other 

* Means/ 

I. Arcbbifhops, 
M^blrfJt^ ncwai Cardinal of nri, 
figntd iti * fVilliam of Canterbury. - 
2. Dukes. 
Themas of Norfolk^ 
Charles of SufoU. 

3. Marquifles, 
T. of Dorfety 
H. of Exfter. 

4. Earls. 
WiiUam of Aruniflt. 
Jo. of Oxford, 
H. of Ncrthumb'rland, 
Ralph of ffejimoreland, 
Georgt of Shrewfiury, 
Henry of EJfex, 
Edward of Derby, 
H. of IVeraJler, 
Thomas oi Rutland, 
Henry of Cumberland, 
Robert of Suffex, 
George of Huntington, 

5. Bilhops- 
Robert of Gircencejfer, 
John of CarliJU, 
John of Lincoloy 

Richard of St. pavtd'tf 

6. Barony. 
Henry Montague, 
G. Rochford, 
William Wtflon^ 
E. Abergavenny, 
J. Audley, 
Henry Scroop e, 
fhmas Dacrts, 
Thomas La Ware, . 
mitiam Dacre, 
Thomas Bariley^ 
Henry Morley, 
George Cobham, 
Richard Latimer, 
Edward Stourton, 
Jo. Fitzwarreu, 
Jo. Scmers, 

JO Lumtey, 


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Chrijlapher CanytrSt 
Htmj Daubtntyj 
T- Darcy, 
T. MonteagU, 
William Sandyt* 
Jo. Hufiy, 
4>tdrtvi Winifar, 
7. AblJots. 
7b. of Wtjiminfttr, 

Themat of St. 7f bit, hy^B-jy^h 

Ja. of Hyde, 
Cltment of Eve^m, 
Richard of Malmjburyf 
Richard of Wincbelctmh, 
RebfTt of &t. Cruxy of 

Jo. of Cirenufler^ 
Henry of Ttwkfiury. 

I. of Bury St. Edmund, 8> Knights and Do^or* 

Richard of Glajionbury, 
mUiamoiGUb " 

Tbamas of Abingdon, 
Hugh of Reading, 
^dward of Tork^ 
Jo. of PeterioroHgi, 
/D. of Ramfiy, 
Jo, of Croyland, 
Ro. of Thorntj, 
Ro. of S</i^, 
WHiiam of Bardney, 
IViUiam (4 St. Bfnntt dt Jo. Btttat, 
. Hulmt, 

in Parliament. 
PTiUiam FilztuiUiamtf 
Htnry Guildford, 
Stephen Gardiner f 
J.. G.,,, 
JVilUam Kingfton, ' 
Bryan Tuki, 
Richard SachtvereUf 
Richard Sampfon^ 
Edward Lee, 
Richard fVoolman, 

To which Clement returned this Anfwcr i 

Jfl our Venerable Brethren the jfrehbijhapi and Bi- 
fiopi, and to our beloved Sons the Abbots, NobU- 
' men, Dukes, Marquijfes, Earls, Barons, Knights^ 
and DoSfors ajfembled together in Parliament in 

Clement VIL Pope. 

yEaerable Brothers and beloved Sons, Health The P(^e"» Aav 
be to you, and Apoftolicaj Benediflion. ''"'"■ 
f-.There are many Expreffions in your Letter* 
' bearing Date July 13, which we received foms 
'Days ago, which we could not have thought 
i well of, did we not wholly impute them to the 
* great Duty and tender A^eiftion which-you beat 

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74 ^^ Parliamentary History " 

K.HarjVISl. » to our moft dear Son in Chrifl your King. We 

* fhall therefore, withouttakingthpleThingsamift, 

* fedatdy aafwer your Letter, that you may IhcTc- 

* by learn with how liitic Reafun you have com* 

* plained of us, and that your private Duty and 

* AfTc^ion to your King ought not to extend fo 

* far, a» to-jullify your accufing us of two grievous 
' Offences, [ngratitudG to his Highnefs, and De- 
' nial of Juftice. We do acknowledge that your 

* King has deferved all that yout Letter mentions ; 

* nay, even much more, that the Remembrance 

* of his many meritorious Anions towards the 

* Apoftoiical Sec will not only live frelh in our 

* Memories, but be tranfmitted down to lateft Po- 

* fterity. We cannot but own lilcewifc that, not 

* only with refpcfl to our Office and Chara<5ter in 

* the Church, but aifo in our own private Peifon, 
■ we owe fo much to his Highnefs's AfFe6lion, as 
' we (hall fcarce ever be able to recompenfe. As 

* to what relates to the Controverfy concerning the 

* Marriage between his Highnefs and Queen Kath- 
" rifle, we have been -fo fat from difappointing the 

■ ' King'aExpedlation therein by denying him Ju- 
' ftice, that we have even laid under the Cenfura 

* of the other Party, and have been thought par- 
' tial, and too much inclined to favour his Ma- 

* jelly's Defires herein. But to give you a more 
' undeniable Proof ofourconftantAiFeflion toyour 

* King, it will be necel&ry to mention what has 

* fomeTime fince pafled : When firft, about three 

< Years fmce, his Majelly's AmbalTadors laid this 

* Caufc before us, rather feeking Redrefs herein 

* from our Affeflion and Kindnefs to his Highnefs, 

* than from the rigorous Coutfc of Juftice, we- 

* committed it to the Determination of our beloved 

* Sons Thomas Archbifilop of Yori, our Legate in 

* England, Cardinal Sanifa Cacitiie, and Lau- 

* renct Camptjus, Cardinal SanHa JWaria trait 

* Tiberim, our Legate d* Latere, who were both in 

* your Kinedom, and upon th? Spot, to examine 

< into the Matter ; whereby, as far as we arc able, 

* we fatisfied hjs Highjiefs's pefiics : But when the 

* Queen 

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of ENGLAND. 75 

•Qjeen bc^n to fufpe^t them as partial Judges jK.lfc«rjTUl. 

* and, on the Account of fome Grievances ihe had 

* impofed on ber by the faid Legates, had appealed 

* from them to ibe Apoftolical Tribunal, and bad, 

* on her Part, appointed Pro&on to profecute the 

* faid Appeal at Ronu, even then our gneat Incli- 
' nation to hii MajcHy'a Service waa fufficiently 
' evidenced : For although we could not in this 
' Caufe deny the Queen a Commiffion of Appeal, 

< ytt feeking rather that this Controverfy might be 
' finiflied by the agreeable Methods of Peace and 
'Concord, than by Courfe of Law, we framed 

* feveral Delays in granting our Commiflion of 

< Appeal in the fatd Caufe, under Pretence that 
' this, being a Caufe of the higheft Nature, muft 

* therefore be brought b^ore the ConGftoiy. Af- 

* ter this we held frequent Confultation with our / 

* Moft Venerable Brethren their Eminences the 

* Cardinals, whereby this Affair was (lilt farther 
' put ofF ; till at kngth, by the unanimous Vote of 
'all the Cardinals, it. was concluded that a Com- 

< milfion of Appeal in this Caufe could not be re- 
' fufcd : It was therefore appointed to be examined, 
' heard, and in the faid Conliftory by us to be Anall/ 
' determined ; for as in all Cafes we ought to pro- 

* ceed with the greateil Caution, fo ought we mors 
' efpecially to do in that which concerns the Ma- 
'■jefties of Kings and Queens, on which we fee 

* the Eyes of all the CbrilHan World placed ; fince 
♦which no lawful Proftor has appeared on the 

* King's Part, to fct forth his Majefty's Prctenfions, 
' either in Writing or by Word of Mouth ; from 

* whence it is that this Caufe could not receive its 

* Determination, Jince it muft be decided ac- 
' cording to what is alledged, and by Witneffes 

* proved ; not according to Favour and Affedtion. 
' There is therefore no Reafon why this deferring 
*our Sentence of Determination, of which you 

* camp1ain,{hould beafcrib'd to us-; and your Com- ' 
' plaint herein feenis to us the more (Irange, becaufo 

f his Majefty's AmbalTadors in feveral Places, parti- 

f f ularly at Bomnia, did reqijeft and fgllicit this De- 


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7*5 The Parliamentary History 

K. Hnrj VIII, ( Jay of Sentence from us, contrary to the Inclina- 
' tion and Demand of the Queen's Proftois herein, 

* Since therefore we have no ways occafioned thofe 

* DelayB, or hindered this Caufe from being deter'- 

* mined after mature Examination, and due Confi- 

* deration of all the Cireumftances of it, we fee 

* not on what Reafons thcfc your Complaints ar£ 

* grounded; unlefs you will venture to fay, that 

* the Services which his Majefty has fhewn us and 

* the ApoAolical See are fuch, that the Caufe Ihould 

* be determined in his Favour, without Regard had 

* either to Right or Jufticej for that muft be the 
' Meaning of your Words, when you fay that Sen- 

* tence ought to be given by us, tho' no Body m- 

* treated it, nay, tho' fome oppofed it, in this Cafe, 

* which has been adjudged juft by all the Learned itt 

* England, Framr, and Italy, and by the Decrees of 
> • fo many Univerfuies: Which Words to us fcem 

* not to proceed from your ufual Prudence and Mo- 

* deAy ; fince we fee not with what Reafon you 

* can defire that we ftiould, in a Caufe of the great- 

* eft Moment, give Sentence, tho' none intreated 

* it, nay, tho' fome oppofed it; when on the other 

* Side is alledged the great Scandal and Offence 

* that all Chrlftians would take at a Sentence of 
.* Divorce from a Marriage which has continued (o 

* many Years, which was contradled by Difpenfa- 

* tion from the Holy See, at the Requelt of hii 

* moft Excellent Majefty i/>nry VII. and the moft 

* Catholick King Ftrdinand; from whence the 

* Queen has had fo many Children born, and Hill 

* has a Daughter living ; contrary to the Opinion 

* of feveral Dotftors (which you urge alfo on your 

* Behalf} and thofc very learned and grave Men, 

* and who confirm their Judgment both by the 

* Laws of God, and by Arguments taken not only 

* from the Laiim, but likewife derived from the 
' Jewijh Law : Notwithftanding all which we kept 

* ourfelvesunbiafled, inclined to favour neither Side; 

' but to hear both, looking on this moft extraordi- - 
' nary Caufe not only to concern the whole Chri- 
» Itiai) World, but ijlfo to belong to all Pofleriiy. 


■ i,,Got)^lc 

0/ E N G L A N 0. 77 

* As for the Opinions of learned Men, and the De- K. Barj Vili, 

* crees of Univerfictes, which you mentioD, few of 
' them have come to our Notice, Ihewn us not in 

* proper Form by your Ambafladors, nor in the 
' Kame of the King exhibited ; and thofe were but 

* bare Opinions of ihofe Men, alledging no Rea- 

* fons for t he irDelermi nations, nor fupporting them 

* by any Authority from Scripture or the Cannons, 

* which herein ought only to prevail. Wherefore, 

* to demand that we fhould raflily, and without 

* due Confide rat ion, determine any Thing herein 

* in his Majefty's Favour, is aThing neither righte- 

* OUB in itfelf, nor agreeable to 'your Wifdom. For 
' although we owe much to his Highnefs, yet, in 

* executing Judgment, we mull necelTarily much 
' more regard him by whom Kings reign, and 

* Princes decree Juftice ; and further, it is the Duty 
' of a good Father to take Care that, by overFond- 
' nefs, he do not too much indulge his Children : 

* BeGdes, we Oiould not only entangle our own, 

* but alfo his Highnefs's Confcience, by fuch an 

* hafty and inconliderale Sentence ; which, jf thus 

* undufy given, would, by its dangerous Example, 

* greatly damage the whole Chriftian World. As 

* loT that Deluge of Calamities, which you fear is 

* impending over your Kingdom, fure it were 
' much more to be feared, if we fliould rafhly 

* haften that Sentence which ought calmly to pro- 
' cced in the ftreight Way of Juftice and Reafon ; 
'thereby violating both our own Duty, and de- 

* parting from the Rules of Juftice through too 

* great Favour and Affe<Etion to your King. You 
' cannot with more earnell Defire wi(h his Majefty 

* a Son than we do, and that not only his High- 

* nefs, but all Chriftian Princes had Sons lilce fo 

* great a'King, the Inheritors not only of their 
' Realms, but of fuch Princely Virtues ; but we 
' arc not in the Stead of God that we can give 

* Children. As to what you fay. That we are un- 
' willing to confirm, by our Authority, a Truth 
' concerning the former Marriage, which by fo 

* many learned Men in the Kingdom is agreed up- 

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78 7he Parliaiftentaty History 

lUBnrjvm, * on: We are truly wUling to gratify his Higbnds 

* in all Thills wherein we are able by our Autbo-, 

* rity ; but then our Ability can't extend to tbofe 
•things which will dcfttoy that Authority, m it 

* would, if we (hould judicially give Sentence coti- 

* trary to the ufual Methods and dilc Courfe of 
' Law in any Thing, tho' it might appear never 

* io plain and manifeA to us. As for what you 

* mention in the End of your Letter, That unlefs 

* we grant your Requcll herein, you fitail imagine 

* that the Care of yourfdves is remitted into your 

* own Hands, and that you are left at Liberty to 
' feek Remedy herein elfewhere; This is a Rcfolu- 

* (ion neither worthy of your Prudence, nor bc- 

* coming your Chriflianity ; and we do therefore, 
' of our Fatherly Love, exhort ynu to abttatn from 

* any fuch ralb Attempt ; though it would be no 

* Fault of the Pfayfician, if the Patient, weary of 

* his Dillemper, fhould ralhly and unadvlfedty ven- 

* ture upon Meafures deflrudlive to his Health, 

* We indeed never denied you fuch Remedies as 

* might with -Safety be given, and with Advantage 

* received ; for who is weak, and I am not weak J 

* Who is ofFended, and I burn not ? I write not 
' thefe Things to (hame you ;. but, as my beloved 

* Sons, I warn you. We can't imagine that his 
' * Majefiy, on wbofe Account yqu write, can ap- 

* prove your Writing in this Manner; for wc know, 
' and are fo fully acquainted with his Honour and 
< Integrity, that we ate aiTured he would not accept 

* of any Thing that is unjuft, although it were of- 

* fered him ; and although your Intcrcelfian is in 

* all Cafes of great Power and Prevalerwie with us, 
' yet Is our Love and AfiefUon to his Highnefs 
' fuch, as to need neither the Intreaty nor Solicita- 

* tion of any Perfons whatever to Influence or 

* quicken it ; and as we never remember that hts 
' Highnefs has ever yet made his Requeft to us, 
*- and received a Denial, where it could be granted 
' with Safety 10 our own and the Honour of the 

* Apoftolica! See, fo we ftiall always Ihew him 
' the fame Regard and Good. will. Laftly, As to 

' the 

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jf E N G L A N D. 79 

* the prefent CauTe, we ihall give no Hinderance or k. tfntr; vuii 

* Delay to iu DccUion, To that whoa it is ready 

* for Exsmi nation, uid all the Circumftances of it 
' have been heard, it Ihall be brou^t to a fpecdjr 

* DctcEitiUiacion and final Conclufion ; being ear- 

* aeftly defirous to free your King and Queen, and 

* our ownfelves, from this moft troublefome Af- 

* fair. But this wc muft delircof hie Highnefa, and 

* of your Goodnefs, that you would not require 
' more from us, by reafon of his Majeily's greac 
' Defervings of us, than we can, without offending 
' God, perform ; and then you may aJTure your- 
' fclves of all the good OiGces which can be ex- 

* pe&ed from us, confidering the Perfon and Of- 
< fice we bear, and the Jufiice we are indifpenfibly 

* bound to admiailler. Givtn at St. Pcter'x, Rome, 
' under the Stal of tie Fiperman, Sept. 27, 153O, 

* in the feventh Year eftur Pontificate.' 

This Anfwer had very little EfTeft on the Minds Which the Va. 
of thofe who were before refolved to abrogate thc'!'™""»''"'i'- 
Popc'« Supremacy in England, and flrip the Church'^ "''"" "^■ 
of its over-grown Poflcffions. 

We read of no other Bufinefs done at this Scf- ^„„„ ^^^ ^^^ 
(ion than the writing and fending the Letter to 1531, 
the Pope J and it was not till January^ I53"j that /^itf,a^,„g„ 
any Statutes were made for the general Good of 
the Nation. On the 6th of which Month being - 
again afTembled, the firft Thing we find was, that 
a Pardon for all Spiritual Perlons, figned by the 
King's own Hand, was fent to the LorJs ; who, in 
afliort Time after, pafTedthc Bill and fent it to the 
Commons. When it was read in that Houfe, 
many froward Perfons, fays Hail, would in nowife ^'"I' p" *'" 
confent to vote for the Bill, unlefs that al] Men "' ' " ""' 
might be included in the Pardon ; arguing. That 
every Man who had any Thing to do with the 
Cardinal, .wete in the fame Cafe. To this it was 
anfwcred, by the wifer Sort, That they would not 
compel the King to give them his Pvdon ; and, 
befides, it was uncharitably done in them to feek 
to hurt the Clergy, and do thcmfelves no Good. 

■ i>, Google 

8o 'the ParJiamentary History 

K. BtmjVm, They rather advifed the HoHfe to confent to tlii 
Bili, and afterwards to make Suit to the King fo^ 
their Pardon, But this was not agreed to ; and \t 
was refojved to fend the Spealcer to the Kins \d 
the iirfl Place, before they Would pais the Bill. 
Accordingly Sir Themas Audliy, Speaker of thd 
Houfe of Comtnons, with a Number of Members 
along with him, waited on his Majelty, and elo- 
quently declared to him, * That his faithful Com~ 

* mons fore lamented and bewailed their Chance^ 

* in haying Occafion to think or imagine themfelvey 
' out of his Favour, becaufe he had granted hitf 

* moft gracious Pardon to his Spiritual Subjefls ort 
■ the Pramunire, and not to them ; whererorrf 

* they moft humbly befought his Majefty, out of 

* his wonted Goodnefs and Clemency, to include 

* them in the fame Pardon.' The King, adds HaUi 
wifely anfwered, * That he was their Prince and 

* Sovereign Lord, and that they oilght not to re- 

* ftrain him of his Liberty, nor to compel him ttf 

* fliew his Mercy ; for it was at his own Pleafnre,- 
' either to ufe the Extremity of his Laws, or to 

* mitigate and pardon. the fame; wherefore, (incs 

* they had denied to confent to the Pardon of the 

* Spiritual Perfons, which, he faid, he might give' 

* without their Confent, under his Great Seal, he 

* would be well advifed before he pardoned them ; 

* becaufe he would not have it look as if he was 

* compelled to do it,' , 

Upon this refolutc Anfwer, the Commons, very 
penfive and melancholy^ departed. Some of the 
Members attributed this Ufage to Thomai Cromwell^ 
who was jult then taken into the King's Favour^ 
and faid, that he had difclofed the Secrets of the 
Houfe. However the King did not fufler them to 
continue long in their Sorrow ; for foon after, oF 
his own Motion, a Pardon was drawn up and 
iigned, which his Majefty fenc to the Commons 
by Chtifiopher Holes Efqi his Attorney-General,- 
which was foon aiTcnted to by that Houfe. The 
Commons returned their moft humble Thanks^ 
' and much praifed his Majcfty's Judgment, in 
' that 

p-'hy Google 


* ftiat he had denied a pardon to them when they K.Hmij VIII, 
' had unworthily demanded it, and had granted it 

* when he perceived they were fo Jbcrowful and pe~ 
' nitent.' 

The forccited Authoiity further tells us, That, on 
the 30th Day of Marcbf the Lord -Chancel! or, and 
aCommittee of twelve moreSpiritual and Teinporal 
Loids, went to the Houfe of Commons ; where the 
Lord-Chancellor fpoke to them to this i-SsSt i 

Yau of this worJbipfiU Hauftt 

* T Am fure you be not fo ignorant but yoii knonrThetard-Chuis 

* X weli that the Kyng our Soveraign Lorde hath """ ""jwiuni- 

* marled hisBroiher's "Wyte ; for (he was both wed- "1^^, (1,^ 

* ded and bedded with his Brother Prince JrtbarjViota&a^ on 

* and therefore you may furely fay that he hath ''" Diiotw. 

* maried his Brother's Wyfe, if this Mariage be 

* good as fo many Clerkes do doubt: Wherefore the 

* Kyng, like a virtuous Prince, willing to be fatis- 

* fied in his Confciciice, and alfo for the Suretie of 

* his Realme, hath, with great Deliberation, con- 

* fulled withgreat Clerkes, and hath fen t my Lorde 

* x>i Lortdm, here prefent, to the chiefe Univerfities 

* of all Chriltendomc, to know their Opinion and 

* Judgment in that Behalf. And altho' the Uni- 

* veruties of Cambryge and Oxfardt had been fuffi- 
' cient to difculTe the Caufe, yet, becaufe they be 
' in his Realme, and to avoyde all Sufplcion of 
< Partiality, he hath fent into the Realme of Franctf 
' Ilalyy the Pope's Dominions, and Ftnttians, to 

* know their Judgment in that Behalf ; which have 

* concluded, written, and fealed their Detcrmina- 

* tions, accdrdyng as you Ihall heare red.' Then. 
Sir Brian Tukt took out of a Box twelve Writings ' 
fealed, and read them before the Houfe as they were 
tranllated into the Englijh Tongue. 

Next follows, in Hall, the Judgment of the 
Foreign Univerfities ; which were thofe of Paris, 
Orleans^ jfnjeu, Bruges, Benonia, and Padua, at 
length '. Thefe being fprnewhat foreign to our 

Vol. in. F Purpofe, 

1 Thefe Sentences, with fome more from other Foreign Pares, 
Miij be leen, it LcngtDj m Sjmtr'l Fait. Aag. Tom. XIV, 

.■i>» Google 

Sa ^e ParUamentMry History 

K. amy Vni. Porpofe, we fliall therefore content ourlclves witll 
t^ferving, TtiM the QueftioQ fut to tbefc learned 
Societies. was, IVhtther tht Pafu'i Difpenfatitn ftr 
^ . a Brothir's marrying a Brethtr's Wtfi^ after Cm' 

Jiimmation witb her femter Hvfiand^ vjat vidid ef 
mU ? Whichi as the Queftion was ftated, they all 
gave in (he Negative. 

ThefeDeterminations being all readinthcHoufe, 
then were produced above an hundred different 
Books, wrote by foreign Civilians and Divines^ 
againil the Lawfulncfs of the Marriage ; which, 
fays Ball^ becairie the Day was far fpertt, were not 
M«d. Then the Chancellor again faid, ' Kow you 

* of this CoBiRien Houfe may reporte in your 

* Countries what you have (cene and heard ; and 

* Chen all Men fliail openly perceyve that the Kyng 

* hath not attempted this Matter of Wyll or Plta- 

* fure, as fome Straungers repoite, but-only fbr the 

* Difcharge of his Confeience, and Suretie of the 

* Suooeffion of his Realme. -This is the Caufe of 

* our Repayre hyther to you; and now we wyl de- . 

* parte.* 

In this SeiEon the following Laws were eriaSed : 
L»wi uufUd. * That bccaufe much Wo^ was «mployed to 
Ufesnot fo beneficial toithe Kingdom, and fpme- 
times tranfported by Strangers, it was decreed, that 
none fliould buy Wooll in fome principal Shires, to 
riieNumberofTwemy-eight, butthofewho would 
make Cloth or Yarn thereof, and that Strangers 
fhould not buy any till thaPur if cation of our Lady.' 
But this being a Law that might likewife have its 
Inconveniency, was continued only for ten Yeais, 
aa it had been in fome former Kings' Times, 

* Alfo a Law was made againfl Exactions on Ap- 
prentices, by Makers, Wardens, f^e. And this 
was beneficial for poor Men, who were not able to, 
put their Children to learn Occupations without 
paying extraordinary Sums. A Remedy was ^Ifo 
taken for repairing of decay 'd Bridges and Highways, 
andHhe Manner of raifing the Money, which before 
was uncertain, fet down. The carrying over of 
Horfcs, Marcs, and Geldings alfo was forbidden, 

■ i,,Goo'^lc 

«/• E N GLAND. 8j 

Upon > Penaltf, to all Places batCalah. Moi&jrtti K. Bi»rj TUI| 
Denizens, notwithftanding their Privileges, weie 
ordered to pay fuch Cuftoms as they said before. 
For which Purpofe the OSccra and Mlniflers of 
Cities and Boroughs, i^i. ,where fuch Cuftomi, i^e, 
were due, were commanded to fet up a Tahle in 
fomeopenPlacef containing the Particulars of them. 
Which Ad was not extended to the Merchants 
<^ the StHlyard, called then TiuUnici : Together 
with which it was provided. That the Tables 
touching Scarage to be fet up at Landon, ihould be 
firfl: viewed and examined by the Chancellor and ' 
TitaSaf er ci England, the Prefident of the Council^ 
the Lord Privy -Seal and Lord-Stewafd,and the two 
Chief Juftices, or by four of them at leaft, and by 
them fubfcribcdj and this was for preventing tu 
the fecret £xa^ons of Tolls, by Mayors, Sheriffs, 
fie, upon Wares to be fold within their Precin£h. 
A I^aw wu made alfo a^inft Egyptians, who, un- 
der Pretence of telling Fortunes, got Money jmd - 
Credit among the more ignorant Sort. And whereas 
fome penal Statutes were made heretofore agaJnft 
Strangers who were Handicrafts-men, it was decla- 
' red. That the faid Strangers, being Bakers, Brew- 
ers, Surgeons, and Scriveners, were exempted, and 
not takei^ to be Hand icrafa- men. And becaufe 
the Abufe of taking Sao^uary, and flying to hal- 
lowed Places, was great about this Time, info- 
much that many Criminals finding Refuge and Pro* 
tefUonin them, did there abjure the Realm, and fa 
went into foreign Parts ^ by which Means they dif- 
oovered the Secrets of the State, to the great Pre- 
judice thereof : And whereas alfo, whcn'thcy were 
to be tried before the Judges in the Circuits, they 
vould plead they were taken out of fome Sanctuary 
or hallowed Place, and Juftice thereby delayed* 
-divers goodOrders were taken to remedy thefe In- 
conveniences }' which yet we mention not at large, 
becaufe they, together with the Ufe of Sanctuaries, 
were foon after wholly annulled and abolifhed. 

Hail mentions another A&, ' That whofo poi- 

foned any Perlbn, Ihould be put into hot Water 

F 2 and 

■ i>,Got)^lc 

84 The, Parliamentary History 

K.Bcar/Vm. and boiled to Death.' This AQ was made, ^di 
he, becaufe one Richard Roefii in the Parliament 
Time,' had poifoncd divers Peribns in the Bifliop 
of Rachi/ier's P^Uce, for which Fa£k tie was boiled 
in Smithfield. 

Anno Kegni a j. O" the 1 5lh of January, 1 532, the fame Parlia- 
>5|i. mcnt fat again; and, to (hew what KfFeft the 
Pope's Anfwer to their Letter had had upon them, 
the firft Thiiig they went upon in this fourth Sef- 
fion, was to exhibit a Complaint in the Houfe of 
Commons againft the Clergy, in regard to their 
Ordinaries, for calling Men before them, ex Of' 
ficis, and charging them with Herciy, without pro- 
ducing their Accufers. Which was the more grie- . 
voua to the Public, becaufe the Party, fo cited, muft 
.dther abjure or be burnt for an Heretic. 

The. Commoni' This, and Other Complaints for E^a£tions done 

Remonftrincetoijy the Clergy in their Ecclcfiaftical Courts, were 

'th^ Cj'erU long "Schated in the Houfe of Commons ; at Jaft, k 
was concluded and refoWcd, That all thefc Grie- 
tvances (hould be put in Writing and prefented to 
the King. And, on the iSthof^arfA, the Speaker, 
accompanied with divers Knights of Shires and 

, Burgeffes, went into the King's Prefence, and there 

declared to him how the Laity were fore laid on by 
the cruel Demeanor of the Prelates and theit Ordi- 
naries, who fpared neither their Bodies nor Goods. 
Then he delivered lo his Majefty a Schedule of 
their Grievances in Writing j and humbly befeech- 
ed him to take fuch Order, in that Cafe, as to his 
moft high Wifdom feemed moft convenient! He 
further befought the King to confider what Fatigue, 
Charge, and Coft, his humble Subjefls of the 
Lower Houfe had fuflained, fince the Beginning of 
this Parliament ; and that it would pleafe his Ma- 
jefty, out of his princely Benignity, to difiblve it, 
that ^is SubjeiEis qjiight retire home to their own 

When the King heard their Petition, he pauTed . 
a while, and then faid. 

Hi. AnTwtr. /, ,-j „j( f^e Office of a King, who is a Judge, to 

be tto ea/y of Belief i nor have I yet, nor will J ufe the 

fame I 


«/• E N G L A N D. 8j 

Jame;f>r I will bear the Party accufedfptai i^/irrK.H^rjrVllI. 
i give Sentence. J'swr Schedule centainifeverat Ar- 
ticle! of great and weighty Matters; and, as I per' 
ctive, is againji the Prelate: and Spiritual Perfoni of 
tur Realm. This Thing you defire a Redrejs of and 
Reformation ; which Defire is clean contrary to the laft . 
Part of your Petition ; for there you require to have 
the Parliament dijfolved, and to depart into your own 
Countries ; and yet you would have a Reformation of 
yourGrievames with all Diligence. Notwithflanding 
your Fatigue and Charge hath been great in tarrying 
here, I affure you mine hath been no lefs than yourSy 
and yet all the Pains I take for your Welfare is to me 
a Pleafure j therefore, if you expeit any Benefit in 
jour Complaints, youmufl flay the Time, or elfe depart 
without Remedy. I much commendysu that you will 
net contend or /land in Strife with the Clergy, who 
are your ChriJKan Brethren ; but much more you ought 
net, I think, to contend with Me, who am jour Sove- 
reign Lovd and King, confidering that I feek Peace 
and ^uietnefs of youi I baVe fent to you a Bill con- 
ceming Wards and primier Stijin, in which Things I 
am greatly wronged i in this I have offered you Rea- 
fon, as I think ^ and as the Lords do too, for they have 
pajed the Bill andfet their Hands to it ; therefore I 
do affure you, if you will not take a reajonable Thing 
when it is offered, I willfearch out the Extremity of 
the Law, and then will I not offer you fo much again. 
The Reafon t^e King mentioned the Matter in 
the Conclufion of his Speech to them, was this : It 
was then become a Cuftom for Men to makeFeofF- 
ments of their Lands to their Ufes ; and in theit 
Wills to fettle their Lands with fuch Remainders, 
that not only the King but all other Lords lofl theit 
Wards, Marriages, and Reliefs. The King alfo 
loft his primier Selfin and the Profit of the Livery, 
which was to him a great Lofs : Wherefore, fays 
Hall, he, like an indiiTerent Prince, not willing to 
take all nor to lofc alUcaufed a Bill to be drawn by 
his learned Counfel, in which it was devifed. That 
every Man might bequeath half his Land, fo that 
he let the other Half go to the Heir by Defcent. 
' F 3 Whea 

p-hy Google 

86 7Zj ParUammtaty History 

K.fiw9VUi. yrjntin this Bill came before the Commons, the 
ignorant Members oppofed it mightily, and fpokv 
very dirrefpeflfiilly of the King's Counrd about itj 
but the wifer Sort, who faw and undcrflood tho 
Mifchief to come. Would gladly have had the Bill 
to pais, or at the leaft to have the King afitired of 
ft fourth Pan. Which Offer, HafI fays, be him- 
felf ivas credibly informed the King would have 
' taken ; but Ibme wilfiil People would neither agree 
to the Bill w the Lords had done, nor to any lea- 
fonable Qualification of the fxme. This they foon 
after much repenrcd of, for the King colled together 
the Judges and the ableft Lawyers, and they dif- 
putcd the Matter in Chancery, and agreed that 
Land could not be bequeathed by Wilt, by ths 
Cuftom of the CommcH\ Law ; whereupon an A£t 
was made, that no Man might bequeath h!i Land, 
or any Pau of it. Which A&, adds our Author, 
fore grieved fiich Lords and Gentlemen who had 
many Children to provide for ; and fliewcd the 
Simple what Mifchief they had brought on thim- 
felves by fijindnefs and Obdinacy. 

About this Time,on Occafion of fo^fr, the Par* 
liament was prorogued to the lOth of April; and, 
b«ng once more met, the Lord -Chancel I or, with 
the.Duiccs of Ner/oli and Sufttk, the ^arls t4 
jtrundtU, Oxferd^ Nerthumhirland, IP'iliJhire, and 
Suffex,' were fent by the Houfe of Lords to the 
Commons ; when, being fat down^ the Lord-Chan- 
cellor declared to them, ' That the King had been 

* informed by his Council, and efpecially by the 

* Duke of Nerfslk, that on the Marches between 

* England and Scotland were very few Towns or 

* Habitations on the Englifii Side, but on the other 
*'niany, fo that the Scats inhabited up to the very 

* Borders ; for which Rsafon ihcy invaded England 

* feveral Times, and did the King's Subje^s much 

* Hurt and DifpieafuTC : That, in order to remedy 

* this, his MajeAy intended to build Villages and 

* Houfes on this Side, and alfo to renew feveral 

* Piles and Stops to hinder thefe Invafions, to the 
, , * grcaf Convenience of all thp Inhabitants there- 

* abouts ;■ 

p: by Google 

e/'ENGLAND. 87 

* abouts: ButasthisThingcoiiliinolbeileiiewith-KtaarfVBIii 

* out much Expence, the Lords, confidering the 

* King's good Intent in it, had agreed to allow fome 

* mfonable Aid towards it, and prayed the Com- 

* mons to conlutt about the fame :' Which fM, 
they all withdrew. The Commons^ took this Af- 

i^ir into Conlidcratlon, and unanimoufly roted the^ Fiflwnth *«■ 
King a Fifteenth, to fupport the Expence ; but itied for Defeua 

Parliament was prorogued to the next Year. 

An AbAraA of the moft remarkable Statutet, - 
made in this Seffion, it drawn out by Lord Htr- 
birt, as follows : 

* Whereas it waa Hftial in former Times that Aft* pflU( 
Clerks^ who committed petty Treafon, Murder, or 
Felony, were, through a certain Privily of the 
Church, delivered to tbeir Onlinaries, who alfo 
thereupon, for Lucre or other undue Motives, did 

fuffei them to make their Purgation by fuch as no- 
ting knew <tf their Mifdecds, to the great Scandal 
0/ Juftice : It was now enafted, That none IhouM 
Iiave the Benefit oi this Recourfe to the Ordinarfi 
but thofe who were wi[hin holy Orders, and yet to 
find fufficient Sure^es for their good Behaviour. 
This A£t yet not to extend to thofe who, being 
attainted of Felony or Murder, are after admitted 
to their Clergy, and To delivered to the Ordinary. 
It was provided alfo. That Ordinaries, having fuch 
Perfons in their Cuflody, might degrade them, and 
lend them to the King's Bench to be detained. 

' It was enacted, aHb, how Perjuries and untrue 
Verdi£ls flioutd be punilhed. And this was to the 
fingular Bejiefit of the SubjeA, there being no Mif- 
chief fo eafy to be done, fo irreparable in its 
Confequence, or unlimitted in its Extent, as thofe 
af tbiE Kind. 

* And whereas the CommiiEon of Sewers, being 
about Sea-Walls, Gutters, Banks, £tf(. and Dams, 
Wecrs, isfc. in frefli Rivers, was not particularly 
enough fet down heretofore, it was nonr declared 
and interpreted : And this was much for the Be- 

■ i,,Got)'^lc 

88 Ti&f Parliamentary History 

K, Bitrj Vin. nefit of the Sesi-Coafts, and making final! Rivers 

* Whereas alfo Statutes of the Staple were here- 
tofore ufed only betwixt Merchant and Merchant, 
{qi fuch Merchandize of the Staple as palTed be- 
twixt them i the Ufe thereof was now permitted to 
others of the King's Subje£fs, upon certain Con- 
ditions: And this not only enlarged Contra^, but 
Itrengthened much the Sinews of them. 

' Whereas heretofore the King's Subje^s were 
ordinarily called by Citations to appear in the 
•Arches, Audience, and other High Courts of the 
Arehbifhops of this RealiHi to anfwer to many furr 
tnifcd Caufes, and that they who refufed were ex* 
communtcated or fufpended from Divine Service, 
it was now enabled, That none (hould be fo cited 
but in certain Cafes declared in the faid Statute. 

as being little different from Mortmaiai were made 
void. T 

* Whereas divers, having the Benefit of theic 
. (^)ergy, wpre afterwatds committed to their Ordi- 
naries, and did there break Prifon, it was now de- 
clared Felony, 

* Divers other good Statutes pafled alfo this Sefr 
fion ; which yet, for being merely local, or limited 
to certain Places, are not here recited. 

AQ reliting ta ' This Year alfo an A£l pafTed, concerning An- 

Pirneniof An-nates, or theFirft-Fruitsof Bifhoprics, paid ufually 

aaiei to Rm>. jq tjjg g^g oi Reme, for the obtaining of Palls, Bulls, 

i^c. " the Preamble and Con fide rat ion whereof 

. was, as appears in the Reardi, r. The great Sums 

of Money already pafled out of the Kingdom that 

• Way, bein" no lefs than 160,000/. Sterling, fince 

the fecond Year of Henry VII. 2, That moi? was 

likely to be fbortly tranfponed, by reafon many of 

the Bifliops are aged. 3. That the firft Ufe an4 

Qrant of [hem was for maintaining Arips againft 

Infidels. So that it was enaded. That they Ihould 

henceforth ceafe, and no niore Mqney to be paid 


■P Thij Aft is not printed in the S[aititi-Biy>ti, and thwefore 
Biihop Bornfi liith pdUiOiF'd ic at Length, amongll the Collection of 
Retotds to hii &[(l Volume of the Ri/irmitit,-,, N". XLl. 

■ i>, Google 

of E N G LAND. tg 

to Rame to that Intent, except as is hereafter Tpe-K,^n9 Till. 
c'lheA, viz. Left the Court of Ram* fhould think 
themlclves irrcmunerated for their Pain in making 
and feaJing Bulls in Lead, fs'c. it was ordained* 
That there: may be allowed for the faid Bulls Five 
Pounds in the Hundred, according to the Rate of 
each BiOiopric's clear Value above all Charges. 
And if any Man, being chofen to a Bifhopric, and 
prefented by the King to the Pope, Ihall hereupon 
find any Lett or Hinderance, by Rcftraint of his 
Bulls, upon convenient Suit for the fame, thea 
be may be named and prefented by the King's 
Highnefs to the Archbilhop of the Province, who 
fhall confecrate him ; or, the faid Archbilhop de- 
laying, under Pretence of wanting Pall, Bull, Es't-; 
the Perfon fo named (halTbe confecratcd, and in- 
vented by any two Biihops of the Land whom the 
King Ihall appoint thereto) and fhall be held and 
reputed thereafter as a compleat Bilhop. But of 
this Ai^ we fhall fpcat again, when we come to 
the 25th Year of the King : For though it paflcd 
the Parliament now, and the King gave his AJTent 
thereto, yet Power was referred for him to annul 
or confirm the fame any Time within two Years 
next following. 

' Moreover, in this Statute, the King and his 
Parliament declare. That they do not intend to ufe 
anyExtremity or Violence, before gentle and coufi- 
leous Ways have been attempted ; But if it ihall 
pteafe the King to propof? an amicable Compoli- 
tion to the Pope, and his Holinefs {hall be content 
either to abolilh or moderate thofe Annates, then 
the Compofitlons, fo made, to fland iirm : But if, 
upon the faid amicable Propofitions, the Realm 
cannot be difburdened, and that, for the Continu- 
ance of the fame, the Pope fliall Unjuftly vex and 
difquiet the King or his Subje<£ts by any Excom- 
munication, i^£. be it then enadted, by the Autho- 
rity aforetaid. That the King's Highnefs, his Heirs 
and Succedbrs, Kings oi England, and all his Spi- 
ritual and Lay Subje<^3 of the fame, without any 
Scruple of Confcicncc, Ihall and may lawfully, to 

■ i>, Google 

90 The Parliamentary History 

K. Btnyj yvfi, the Honour of Almighty God, the Increafc. and 
Continuance of Virtue and good Example within 
this Realm, (the faidCenfures, ExcoRimunicationa, 
XnterdiSions, CompulforJes, or any of them, not- 
vithftanding) mininer, or caufe to be miniflered, 
Ibroughput this faid Realm, and all other the Do- ' 
minions and Territories belonging or appertain- 
ing thereunto, all and all Manner of Sacraments, 
Sacramentals, Ceremonies, or other Divine Service 
of Holy Church, or any other Thing or Things 
nccelTary for the Health of the Soul of Mankind, 
as they heretofore, at any Time or Times, have 
been virtuouHy ufed or accuflomed to do within tho 
iame. And that no Manner of fuch Cenfures, Kx- 
communications, Interdidions, or any other Pro- 
cefs or Compulfories Ihall by any of the Prelates, or 
other Spiritual Fathers of this Realn}, nor by any 
of their Minifters or Subflitutes, be at any Time or 
Times liereafter publilhed, executed, or divulged, 
" in any Manner of Ways. 

' This A£t being palTcd, our King made Ule 
thereof to tenify the Pope, which had its Effefl, 
ms we find by our AmbalTadors' Letters, dated from 
Rsmt, April zfj, 1532; though together, as they 
were inllrufted from hence, his Holinefs was told 
by them, That our King had referved the wholo 
Bufmefs to his own Power and Difcretion ; which 
however it appeafed the Pope a-while, yet, as 
Matters, pafled afterwards, this Statute had its final 
Confirmation in the next Parliament.' 

In the Beginning of thi^ Year, our Contempo- 
rary Hiftorian informs us, the Lady Jnnt Boltyn 
was To much in the King's good Graces, that' the 
f:ommon People, who knew not the King's true 
intent, thought the Queen's Abfence from him 
was only for her Sake. This haifb Expreflion our 
Hiflorian endeavours to foftcn, by informing us, 
that the true Reafon for the King's NegJedl of the 
Queen, was, becitufe he was openly rebuked by 
Preachers for keeping Company with his Brother's 
to^tbirt^h ^'f^J *o =''3' ^^ refolved to refrain himfelf till the 
HiHsai^adiiriMdviit was fairiv tried between them. 


■ i,,Got)'^le 

gf ENGL AND. 91 

In "Aprilt ind in the a^th Year of this King's K- Bm^ywu 
Reign, the fiune Pitliament ihet again, when the 
Affair of the Divorce began now agsin to bo can-'*"""^,^**^' »*. 
vaSed. The already repudiated Queen wanted b-^', 
not thofe Who defended her Caofe publicity, both a"^**""!^- 
in Books and Sermons ; the chief of whith wei9 
Jibn Fifitn-y Bjjhop oiRsehefltr, and Thmas AInU 
bei' Chaplain. Tiie Pope had alfo made bis laft 
Attadc on Htnry'i Conicience, by a mild expoftu- 
lating Letter, ieindlj exhorting him to put away 
AntiK Baltyn, and take again Katbtrine his lawful 
Wife. But all this did no Good on Henry ; who 
king told that oatTtmfii aMember of theHoufexif 
of Commons, had made a Motifm, this Seffion,CoR 
That tbey jhauU all pftilhn thi King /* fh */; ^ K^ing n. nko 
^tuen again, he fent for Sir thsmai Audltj, thelt 
Speaker, and Utkcd to him to this KiFea°:" That - 
*' he wondered any amongfl: them fhould meddle 
" in BufinelTea which could not properly be deter- 
" mined in their Houre : But, for this PaTticular, 
^ it concerned his Soul fo much, that be many 
** Times wifbed the Marriage had been good ) yet* 
" fmce the Doctors of the Univerfities had gene- 
" rally declared it unlawful, he could do no lefs 
" than abftain from her Company : He therefore 
" deftred them to talce this as the true Reafon, 
" without imputing it to any wanton Appetite \ 
" fuice, being in the 41ft Year of his Age* it 
" might juftly be prelumcd fuch Motions were 
"not lb flrong in him as formerly. That they 
•' might the better underftand this, he told ihem^J^^^ 
" he had informed himfelf from all Parts of Chri-ReftiEU. 
*' ftendoDi concerning ftrange Marriages; and 
" that, except in Spain and Pertugal, no Man had 
** done fo much as marry two Sifters, if the firft 
" was carnally known " ; but, for a Brother to 
" marry a Brother's Wife, was a Thing fo ab- 
•' horred - 

> Ennnr, Vol. II. p. 15S, rrDmKtJTtCirpniW., who 
E>Ti fiTthcr, That Mr, Tmfe mcniioned feieril great Mifdikft, \a. 
tultirdisine '^^ l-tiy Mary, that inuft-uiEritably enfue, 

<• Againft Ihii AtTeiC^on Pelfdtrt Virgil hath lel^C. u; thii Telli- 

VoM, AfmuteinE a Atixim in the LAi/iiVa>' ^iw, Z>nr, cip> xxr. 


l:hy Google 

9i T^e Parliamentary History 

K. Amt)! VIII. *< harred amongft all Natrons, that he never 
■' beard that any ChritliEii ever did (o but him- 
** feir.' He wUfacd them theiefore to believe that 
" bit Confcience was much troubled about it." 

Some Time after the King fent for the Speaker 
again, to give him the Anfwer which the Clergy 
had delivered in, relating to the Complaints the 
Commons had exhibited againft them in the laft 
Seffion. The King himfelf Teemed not at all 

rirtherProMBd-pleafed with it; and further told them, « He had 

^AsJCit.. " '<"""' "'^t the Clergy trf his Realm were but his 
i' Half-Subje£ts, or fcarcc fo much, every Bijfaop 
" or Abbot, at the entering into his Dignity, ta- 
•* king an Oath to the Pope, derogatory to that of 
" their Fidelity to the King; which Contradi^ion 
** he defired his Pariiament to confider on, and 
*' take it away." Whereupon, fays Lord Hirbtrty 
thefe two Oaths being read in the Houfe ', and 
confidered, they fo handled the Bufmefs then, thai 
it occafioned a final Renunciation of the Pope's Sq- 
premacy in England two Years after. 

This Seffion Ufted from the Date afbrefaid to 
May 15 that Year; at which Time the Parliament 
was prorogued again j but no particular Time men- 
tioned. • 

At the Knd of this Seffion the famous ^izThtmat ' 
Mart, Lord -Chancellor, got Leave to refign the 
Seals, and was fuccceded by Sir Thomas Jiudley, 
Speaker of the Houfe t^ Commons, now knighted 
for that Purpofc, 

A^o Regni 14. In the Courfe of Lord Herbert'^ Hiftory we meet 
>S33-4' with no other Seffion till the Beginning of the Year 

tiXWifimrfitr. 1533, when, on Fiiruaryihe 4th, the fame Parlia- 
ment fat agpin, and made feveral Statutes. 


That i Mui nay marry his Brother's Wife if ILe bad no ChildriB 
, by him, that his Name may nol be ]o« in I/ratl, he ftys, ^/a.f 

(arii Catharinas, aiaJii {Aithas'a) fcr ImtucHiuitm NaKirir Viri 
' ■ m JdMcMH, ri'gintm a^hmc rj. licutrit, fau, Hit f^-iSi 

t«. &f Cil.M«"'- - ■ ■'—-■--—' -■'r-- ---^ 


I.ib.XXVlI. p. 619. 

p See ihe Form of thefe Oiths in the Slalnta at Ifl', ipii il 
^V?«'» Riformatlon. V«i. 1. p. 135. " ' 


tf/- E N G L A N p. 93 

The chief Laws cnafled were % * That all Vic- K. Bnr, viu. 
tuals fhould be (old by the larger tCind of Weight, 
Avairdvpois. That the Price of a Pound of Beef ^w" «"aeil' 
or Pork ihould be a Halfpenny at moft ; and of 
Muttonor Vcal Three Farthings, and Icfs where ■ 
it was ufually foM for lefs. This Law yet was 
finally repealed, in regard unfeafonable Yeara-did 
not permit a certain Rule in thefe Things, and 
fome of the Lords of the Council were appointed 
to fet the Piices. 

' That they who killed any Pcrfon attempting to 
rob by or near the Highway, or that broke HouTes, 
fliould be acquitted without forfeiting either Goods 
or Lands. 

* That no Appeals fliould be made out of this *« f prohibit 
Realm for thefe Reafons, wa:. That whereas the'^Pl**''''''^* 
Kingdom of England was a juft Empire, furniflied 
with fuch able Perfons, both Spiritual and Temporal, 
as could decide all Controverfies arifing in it : And 
whereas Edward I. EdtvariilU. Richard II. Hin- 
ry tV. and other Kings of this Realm, had made 
fundry Ordinances, Laws, and Statutes, for the 
Confervation of the Prerogative, Liberties, and 
Pre -eminence! of the faid Imperial Crown, and of 
the JurifdidiOns Spiritual and Temporal of the 
&me, to keep it from the Annoyance of the See of 
Rime, as alfo from the Authority of other foreign 
Potentates attempting the Diminution or Violation 
thereof: And becaufe, natwithflanding the faid 
A6ts, divers Appeals have been fued to the See of 
Rime in Caufes Tcftamentary, Caufes of Matri- 
mony and Divorce, Right of Tythes, Oblations 
and Obventions, to the great Vexation and Charge 
of the King's Htghnefs and his Subjedts, and the 
Delay of Juftice; and forafmuch as the Diftance 
erf the Way to Rome li fuch, as the neceflary Proofs 
and true KnowledgeoftheCaufe cannot be broilght 
thither, and reprefented fo well as in this Kingdom, 
and that therefore many Pqrfons be without Re- , 
medy, it is therefore ena£ted. That all Caufes 
Tcftamentary, Caufes of Matrimony and Divorces, 
t Ki„ntl, Vol. II. p. 132, . ~ ■ . . 

D,c,,t,7P-hy Google 

94 ^ Parliamentary Histort 

KfAwjTHi. Tytlvt, Oblations, and Qbventioiis, cither coni' 
incnccd or dqiending rofoicflyi or which hereafEcr- 
fiiaU conm'cnce in any of the Kind's Oomioionsy 
fbali be heard, difcoffiid, and defifliiive}y detenAinv 
cd withiQ the King's jurirdi^ion and Autborit^ 
in the Courts Spijkual «nd Temporil of the funcs 
any foreign Inhibition or ReAraitits to the contrary 
BOtwithftanding : So that, sltho' soy Excoaiinuoi- 
cation or Interdiction on this Occa^on fliould fol- 
low from that See, the Prelates and Clergy of tbi» 
Jtealm fliould admtnifter Sacraments, and fay Ot- 
rine Service, and do all other their Duties, aa for- 
merly bath been u&d, upon Penalty of ose Year's 
Imprifonment, and Fine at the King's Pieafure % 
and they who procured the faid Sentences ffaould 
fall into a Pramunirt'. Ai for the Or^ra to be 
obferved henceforth, it was eniSed, That in Suits 
commenced before the Aich-Deacon or his Offi- 
'- cials. Appeal might be made to the Bifliop of the , 

faid See ; and from thence, within fifteen Days, to 
the Archbiihop of CaaUrbury, or Archbifbap of 
yeri, refpediively in their Provinces, and lb likewule 
to the Archbilhops in the King's other Dominiont> 
Or if Suit be commenced before the Arch- DeacoQ 
ofanyArchbiihopor his CoaimilTaries, then Appeal 
may be made within fifteen Days to the Court of 
Arches, and fo to the ArchbiOiops without farther 
Appeal : In all which Cafes the Prerogative of the 
- Archbiihop and Church pfCflK/crjun' was referved. 

I Ai tliii Tons often oceun, in the Sequel of the V<"k, fome 
IjcplanatioD hoe may be neceniiy.— The Etymologr of the Vfoii 
ii tiken from the V«b Fr^rmi-uii, (being birbarouny [uined into 
Prxmuniri) Tufirauum, nr iiJ rtt Offndtr itii HiU i So ihit the 
Ofience become! ereiter by beiag forewarned of the PunilbiDeiit. 
Fiom thence it btcjme ■ Cant- Word for a Writ of that Naine, or 
the Offence upon which a Writ ii granted j the one lna7 be under- 
ftood by the otbet. The PaiiifhnienC wu great, being appointed bf 
the Statut* of HiebtrJ II. Jtau i6. cap. v. eipreflr to be thni ( 
' That the Man Ihould be oQt of the King's Proieftion, attached in 
■ hii.Body, and lofe hiiLaiidi, Tenements, Goods, and ChaCteli.' 
Sa fiuther on this Word, in Cutairt Lm Diaiinaij, Edit. ifij. 

dmtin fayi il was perpetual Exile and Lofi of Living. Cami, 
in Vila Elix. 

The Fracb have made chii Word a Subflantive, ai indeed it it 
410W Mki fo in EngUfi j Prniumrt, \. t. Emfrifaniminr « Omfif- 
caiitu dt BiiBs, B^r't DiShiury, 

.■i>, Google 


Hiat if aity Suit arofe betwJxt the King and hn^Bim^vuim 
Subject Appeal might be made within fifteen Daijs 
to the Prelates (rf the Upper Houfc in the Convoca- 
tion then fitting, or next called by the King's Writ, 
there to be finally determined : And that th^ who 
lliall take out any Appeal contrary to the EScA of 
this A&, or refufe to obey it, they, their Adherents, 
ud CounJcllors, fhall incur the Penalty of the Sta- 
tute of 16 RUhardll.' And it is natural to 

fiippofe, that the Spirituality, iinding the Power, 
invefted formerly in the Pope, to be devolved now 
in great Part on them, did more eafily fuflfer the 
Diminution of Papal Authority. 

* All former Statutes alfo made againft the Ex- 
cels of Apparel were repealed, and new Orders gi- 
ven, which yet flood not long : There being no 
Meafure, it fecms, for Things that depend^ fo 
much upon Fancy and Opinion.' 

Thit Parliament did fo coincide with the King's 
Inclinations, that the Statute, to prevent Appeals to 
Ramtf was made with an Intention to hinder Queen 
Kathtrine from curying her Caule into that Court. 
And the poor Piincefs had now no other Way left 
but to reft by the Judgment of thole, who were too ' 
much influenced by the King, or were her owti 
nortal iCnemies- Accordingly, the Queen being 
cited to appear before Crantntr, then Archbifhop of 
Conterbury, and other Delegates, at DtinJiabU ; and 
fite not obeying the Summons, the Archbifhop pro- . • 

nouQced her contumacious, and proceeded to give 
Sentence againfl her -, which was an abfolute Sepa- QnecD Hatltrlwa 
ration, a Mtnfa tt Thera, for ever. This Affair <ii"or'ea, md 
WM pufhed the ftfler for a very good Reafon, as^^;'^''^^ 
Lord'//i(ri«j'/obfervea, becaufe the Pregnancy of 
Mrs. Anne BoUyn, whom Htnry had privately mar- 
tied, became fo apparent, that it was necelTary to 
make an open Declaration of it \ and Annt was 
puhlickly crowned Queen of Englaitd, with the 
afual Craemonies. 

The Time of this laft Seflionof Parliament was 
from Ptb. 4, as before obferved, to April 7, when 
h was then again prorogued to the Year following : , 

I,, Google 

^6 77)e Parliamentary HisToRy 

JCiTrw^VJU. And now ^cjmrnais begin aWo again, fo that rfi* 
Subfiance of what we fiiall give, relating to thct 
farther Proceedings of this Parliament, is chiefly 
taken from that Authoiit)'. 

AniMRetai ij;. The next SelHon begun on the 15th Day of 

»SJ4" "January, in the 25th Year of this Reign. 
At »'ijhii»Jltr. The Bufinefs of the firft Day was taken up in 
reading Appointments of Proxies for the abfent 
Lords; andanAdjournmentwasinadeby iheLord- 
Chancelior tiJl the 17th of the fame Month. On 
ASi for re- which Day, Complaint being made to the Houfe, 
^5^EE«l=-thatifeveraI wicked Facts had been committed, 
' every Way worthy of Death, but by the Laws then 
inbting, as the Judges declared, were not punish- 
able as they ought to be, it was thought proper to 
ordain,ThatwhateverPerfon, guilty of fuchWick- 
ednefs, fhould endeavour to fkreen himfelf from 
Jufticc, by betaking himfelf to fome confecrated 
Place or San<^uary, he fliould lofc the Benefit of the 
Church's Prote^on ; and that all Ferfons found 
guilty of Sodomitical Pra^ices Ihould fufFer Death 
for them. Which Crimes were remitted by the 
Houfe to the Confideration of the Judges, and they 
were ordered to draw up two Bills for that Purpofc. 
Thefe Bills were both Strokes at the Ecclefiallics 
and their Authority, as will be feen in the SetfueL 
AnAfTront, of avery fingular Kind, was ofFered 
by the Houfe of Commons againit the Bilhop of 
London this Seflion. Complaint beii^ made by 
them to the Lords, That the Bifhop had a long 
Time imprifoned one Thomas Philips, on Sufpicion 
of Herefy, the Lords difmifTcd the Complaint as a 
Bufiners too frivolous for that Court. But the faid 
Bifliop oi London was again required, by the Com- 
The Biibop of J anfwer to the Complaint in Writing j 

to infwer to thewhereupon he acquainted the Liorcs, that he mtgnc 
Commone'CDiifhave their Opinion j and they all agreed, That tt 
pliint. ^^j „j, ^ j-^/n^ p^ pj. ^ p,^ jg atifivtr to in fucb 

a Place. 

Many were the A^s that were pafled in tbi» 

SeiEon of Parliament, tho' the Staluie-Beth have 


■ i>» Google 


tnwch abridged them in their Number. Thefe onlyK. Heary VUli 
making them to be twenty-two, whereas the feuT- 
nah give us the Titles of thirty-four. Lord Htr- 
hiTt has drawn up the Heads of the moft remark- 
able Statutes that are printed, and what he bath 
omitted we (halt fubjoin from the aforefaid Au- 

It was ena£icd % « TTiat the Prire of Viauala An»p»ffiq 
Jhould not be enhanced without juft Ground attd 
Reafon. If they were, then, upon Complaint 
thereof, the Lord -Chancel lor and others, who had 
Authority given them herein, Should tax the faid 
Viiiuals hpw.they Jbould be fold, either by the 
Owners or by Victuallers. Alfo that no Corn ot 
Cattle be carried beyond Sea, without the King's 
Licence, unlefs either to Calais, Guifnes, Hammes^ 
and their Marches, or for vi^ualling of Ships, i£c. 

* That no Man indicted of Murder, Burglary, 
or other Felony, and upon his Arraignment Itand- , 

ing mute, to prevent the Procefs of the Law againft 
tiimfelF, ihall have Benefit of his Clergy; but Law 
[hall proceed againlt him for the Crime whereof he 
is indi(5led, as if he had pleaded to the fame, aii,d 
thereupon had been found guilty. 

' Buggery made Felony. 

< Elisiabetb Barten ', called the Holy Maid of 
Kint, and her Accomplices, were attainted of High 
Treafoir, for confpiting lo flander the Divorce be- 
tween the King and Q^ieen Kaiherine^ and the late 
Marriage between him and Queen Anni, 

Vol. III. G *Be- 

• Abftratlior all the Afti paired ihisSclTiaD may be feen ilfoin 
iirnrf, Vol. r, p.i44,S'f. Collii''sEc.Hifi.-Vo\.il., 

< Whilll the Divorce wai under Debate, one Etizjibab Sarin, 
iximmoaly cii[ci Che Ho!y Maid ai Kiir, i Votarcti In Carirrii^ry. 
Wis taught by Backing, i Monk, to counterfeit minj Traocevanii ' 
in ihe fame to utter mm; pious EiprelTiaiu to tbe Rebuke of Sin; 
■aiier which Ac wa; beard the more freely againft Ihe Doacine of 
i^'iir and (he Translation of the Scriptures, then defired by many. 
Alfo Eiving forth, from God and hii Sainti, by fundty Reveiilionir, 
That if the King proceeded in hi) Divorce and fecond Miiriage, he 
Aonld not reign in hii Realm one Momh afier, nor lelt in God'i Fa- 
tout an Houi i But, Che Impoftoie being deleaed, Oie and jeien of 
her Accomplices were hang'd at Tyiurn for Treafon, ind otheri of 
them fined and impiifoned. Hrael/'aMn/alla Hifi.Ang. ^. 1534. 

The whole Procefi againll chis Elixatcib Bansn is in HairsCiri' 
»hU, Fol, KXi, fife, and Burmt, Vol. I. p. 145, &t. 

.■i>, Google 

9? ' The FarUamentary HistorV 

ItiBarfVia. , » Becaufe, by the Grccdiners of fome, who ha»« 
gotten into their Hands much Cattle and many 
Farms, which they have turned from Tillage to 
Paftnre, efpecially for Sheep, old Rents are raifed. 
Prices of Things enhanced, ant) fo much Poverty 
iand Theft cnfued, it was enaftcd, That no Clerk 
Jhould have in his own, or farmed Lands, above 
2000 Sheep ; yet that any Temporal Perfon may 
keep upon hi^i Inheritance as many as he will. 
, Seeendly, That no Man Qiall take and hold above 
(wo Farms at once, and thofe to be in the fame Pa- 
lifh, upon certain Penalties there fet down. 

* The Statute of Heny IV. concerning Heretics, 
was repealed ; and it was enabled. That Sheri03 
in their Turns, and Stewards in their Leets, may 

, make Inquiry and Prefentment of Heretics ; who, 

being by two lawful Witnefles accufed, may be 
cited and arretted by an Ordinary; and, being con - 
\i£ted in open Court, (hall abjure their Herefies ; 
and, refufing jb to do, or relapfmg, tball be burnt, 

• Alfothc Statute of ^tViur;/ III. permitting free 
Importation of all Kind of Books, was repealed ; 
and, for the Benefit of our Bookbinders, it wa» 
enacted. That no Bookfetler Ibould buy any Books 
bound beyond Sea; nor any, tho' unbound, of any - 
Stranger, but by Engrofs : And if the Prices of 
Books chance to be raifed above Reafon, the Ldrd- 
Chancellor, Lord-Treafurcr, the Chief-Juftice of 
cither Bench, or any two of them, fifall moderate 
the fame, upon a certain Penalty. 

' Whereas the Clergy have truly acknowledged, 
that the Convocation is always aflembled by the 
King's Authority, 'and have promifed his Majefty 
that they will not henceforth make or alledge any 
new Conflitution without his Highnefs's AITent 
and Licence: And whereas divers Conllitutions and 
Canons, Provincial and Synodal, heretofore enacted, 
are thought to be prejudicial to the King's Preroga- 
tive, and contrary to the Statutes of the Realm, and 
enormous to the People; and the faid Clergy there- 
fore hath humbly belought his Majefty that the faid 
Conftitutions and Canons may be committed to the 

■ i>,Got)t^le 

^ E N G L a'n D; $$ 

!fejcamInation of thirty-two Men, to be named hj^'BnryVm, 
his Majefty, or fixlecn of both Houfcs of Parlia- 
ment, and fixteen of the Clergy, who may annul 
or confirm the fame, as they find Caufe ; it is en- ' , 
B^ted, That all Convocations Ihall be henceforth convocitEom ta 
Called by the King's Writ, and that in them no-beeilUd by the 
thing fhall be promulged or executed without his"^!'^"*' 
Highnefs's Licence, under Pain of Imprifonment of 
the Authors, and Mu!»a at the King's Will. And 
that his Highnefj ihall, at his Pleafure, feeing the 
Time of this Parliament is too Ibort, appoint thirty- 
two Men as aforefaid, to furvey the faid Canons 
and Conllitucions, for the Confirmation or Aboli- 
tion of the fame. 

' And as concerning Appeals, they fliall be made, 
according to the Statutes made the laft Year, frofn 
Inferior Courts, to the Archbifhops ; and, for Lacic 
Of Juftice there, to ihc King's Majefty in his Court 
of Chancery. 

• And as concerning Annates ufed to he paid.tOp„,„„(,jj(,a 
Rome by Archbifliops.and Bifhops, and Bulls andaitettothePoi^ 
Palis to be had from thence, fince there hath beca*''"''"'J 
heretofore an Aft pafied, and the Bifhop oi Rome, 
otherwife ' called Pope, being informed thereof, 
hath as jet devtfed no Wity with the King's High- 
nefs for Redrefs of the fame ; his Highnefs hath 
now confirmed and ratified the fame A<5t, and every 
Article thereof, and the Parliament doth ena£t the 
fame, with this Addition, That from hence forth no 
Bifhop ihall be commended, prefented, or nomi- 
nated by the Bifhop of Reme, nor Qiall fend thither 
to procure any Bulls or Palis, i^c. but that, at every 
Vacancy of a Bifhopric, the King ihall fend to the 
Chapter of the Cathedral a Licence, as of old hath 
been accuftomed, to proceed to Eledlion; which 
Election, being deferred »bov% twelve Days next 
enfuing, ihall belong to the King ; but, being made 
within the Time limited, {ball be held firm and 
good ; and the Perfon fo elefted, after Certification 
of his Election to the King's Highnel^, and Oath 
of Fealty taken to him, ihall be {tiled BJihop Eledj 
snd fo by his Majefty be commended to the Arch- 
G 2 biihop 

■ i>,Got)^lc 

,100 7& Parliamentary Hisronr 

K- H«r; VIU. bifliop of the Province, to be invelled and coirffe- 
crated : And if tlie Perfons, to wiiom this Elec- 
tion or Cnnlecration belongeth, neglet^ or refufe 
to perform the fame, or a^mit, or execute any 
Cenfures, InterditSions, &c. to the contrary, (hey 
ftiall incur the Penalty of the Law of Prtemanire. 
* Whereas the People of this Land have been 
much impoveriflied by iheufurped Exaflionsof the 
And alfo of P*- Bifhop of Reme, under the Title of Peter-Ptnce ", 
ur-pica, procurations, Expedition of Bulls, Delegacies, Dif- 

penfations, &c. it is enatEled, That fuch Imposi- 
tion be no more paid ; and that neither the King's 
Highnefs, nor any Subjeft of his, (hall fue for any 
Dilpenfation, Faculty, Dc!egaCT» ^^- to the See 
of Rome j but that any fuch Dilpenfation, £;^r. for 
Caufes not being contrary to the Law of God, 
which were wont to be had from Rome, may be 
now granted by the Archbifbop of Canterbury, 33 
well to the King's Highnefs, as to his Subje£fs j 
but in thofe Things which were not wont to be 
granted by the Sec of Rome, the faid Archbifliop 
Siall not meddle, without the King's Licence. 
Provided that all Difpenfations, i^c. whofe Expe- 
dition at Rome came to four Pounds and upwards, 
ihall be confirmed by the King's Sea! and inrolled in 
Chancery; thofe below four Pounds paffitig under 
the Aichbifhop's Seal only. That the Fees for 

n P«(r.i'm«hilh been fo often mentioned in iheCourre of thii 
Work, lh.t it feems ne«fliry to give fome Account of it, efpecljUj 
■t thii Time, when il was wholly abolilhed in E«ilai,d. An emi- 
nent Aulh'or ftys, he fbood a Copy of the yearly Value of (hit h»ly 
Tax ia an old MS. belonging to the Church of CbUbtfiir, 


1. J. 



lE o 
















6 i 

Summ. T,aal, 

A« B'-fttrUal J'iaiiealieH tf ibe Chard af Enghnd, ij Sir RojBf 
Twjidca. Sigiria, LendoB, 1657, p. 77. 


fl/-ENGLAND. loV 

*efe Difpenfatians fball be limited by the hiA^Bt^yVjii, 

Arrhbifhop and the Lord-Chancellorj and a Part 

cpf the fame, be they great or fmall, fliall always 

<ConJe to the ICmg's Hands. As for all Monafte- 

ries. Colleges, and Hofpitals, heretofore exempt, 

the King only, and not the Archbilhop, fiiould 

have Authority to vifit them. 

* Laftly, upon the Suit of the Parliament to theTbeKlog'tMu- 
Xing, for the eftablilhing of the Succeffion to the™<^^^^^ 
Crown, theUncertainty whereof hath caufed here- reJ»Dii,ifuith.t 
tofore much Divinon and Bloodflicd in this Realm, iiiAjlmmScbju 
it was enafled. That the King's Marriage with the™^™* *'y 
Lady Kather'me, Wife, and carnally known, to his 
Brother Prince Arthur, as was lawfully proved be- 
fore Tht>m,ts Archbifhop of Canterbury, as contrary 
to God's Law, {hall be faeid void, and {be Ililed no 
more Queen, but Dowager to Prince Arthur; and 
the Matrimony with Queen Anne ihall be taken for 
firm and good, and the liTue thence procreate be 
accounted lawful; the Inheritance of the Crown to 
belong to the fame in Manner following, v/z. FiHl, 
to the eldeft Son begotten by the King on Queen 
Anne, and to the Heirs of the faid Son lawfully be- 
gotten ; and, for Default of fuch Heir, then to the 
lecond Son, Effc. and if Queen Annt deccafe with- 
out IfTue Male, then the Crown to defcend to the 
Son and Heir of the King's Body lawfully begotten, 
and the Heirs of the faid Son lawfully begotten; 
and, for. a Default of fuch IITue, to the fecond Son 
in like Manner, ^i:. And few Default of Sons, that 
then the Crown {ball belong to the Iflue Female of 
theKingby Qiieen/fn»f ; and firft, to theFitft-be- 
gotten the Princefs Ei'fz.aheih, and to the Heirs of 
her Body lawfully begotten; and,forDefaultoffuch - 
IlTue, then to the fecond Daughter in like Sort, fcff. 
and, for Default of all fuch Ifluc, to the riaht Heirs 
of the King's Highnefs. It was ordained, That this 
Aft (hail be proclaimed before ^177 next through- 
out the Kingdom ; and all Perfons of Age {hall 
fwearto accept and maintain the fame: They who 
refufe the Oaih {landing guilty fcf Mifprifion of 
High TreaTon ; and they who fpealc or write 
Q 3 againft 

■ „, Google 

aoa iTbe Parliamentary Historv 

_ |C. Heirf W^ againft rhe Marriage oi Succeffion her^ eft^blifliedy 
to be adjudged Traitors. 

* Befides all this, the prefent Sutute exprelTed 
'Certain Degrees of prohibited Marriage ; aqiongli 
which that between the Brother and Brother's Wife 
was one, which, being againll: God's Laws, could 
not be difpenfed with by Man, and therefore no 
fuch Marriages fliall hereafter be madej and thofe 
that are made already {hall be by the Ordinary dif- 
iblved, and thofe that are already fo difTolved Ihall 
be efleemed juftly and lawfully dilTolved, and the 
llTue thence proceeding illegitimate, 

Befides the Afla mentioned by Lord Htritrt to 
be palTed this SclBon, there was another intended 
for attainting Bifliop Fijhir and Sir Thomas More^ 
for holding Ibme Correfpondence with the Holy 
Maid of Kent : But there appearing no Malignity 
in this Commerce, the King, on their humble Sub- 
million, prevented the Bill from paffing. Fi/hir'^ 
X^ter to the Houfe of Lords, on this Occafion* 
t^xcufing himfelf from having any ill Intent in the 
Matter, is fo fingular as to merit a Place in thefg 

My Lords, 
BiAwp f!jhir''t * After ' my moft humble Commendations un- 
Vindication of t to all your good LordQiips that fit in this moft 
ii^ w^tte fwV ' ^'g** '^°"'* °' Parliament, I befeech in like Man- 
Mtidn^Kttt. * ncr to hear and to tender this my Suit, which by 

* Neceffity I am now driven to make unto all your 

* Lordfhips in Writingjbecaufel may not,by^ca- 
* fonof DifeafeandWeaknefsatthisTime, bepre- 

* fent myfclf before you, without Peril of Dcitruc- 
^ tion of my Body, as heretofore I have written to 

* Mr. Cromuieii; which gave me Comfort to obtain. 
' of the King's Grace, Refpite for my Abfence 

* till I be recovered. If I might have "been prefent 

* myfelf, I doubt not but the great Weaknefs of my 
? Body, with other manifold Infirmilies, would 

* have moved you much rather to have Pity of my 

* Caufe and Matter, whereby I am put uijder ihi^ 
» grievous Trouble. " , p 

■ ? Cellitr', EtiUJsfi. Fift. Vol. 11. p. (7, fiom the Originj|. 
CWwn.C/*^. E. Vi. Fol. lee. 

p-hy Google 

^ENGLAND. 103 

* So it is, my good Lords, that I am informed K. fftargi Vllf / 
' of a certain Bill that is put into rbis High Court,' 

* againft me and others, concerning the Matter of 

* the Nun of Cantirbury ; which Thing is to me 

* no little Heavinefs, and molt fpecially in this 

* piteous Condition that I aoi in. 

• Neverthelefs, I truft in your'Honours' Wifdonis 
< and Confciences, that you will not, in this High 

* Court, fuSer any ASt or Condemnation to pafs 

* againft me, till my Caufc may be well and duly 

* heard. And therefore, in my moft humble ways, 

* I befcech all you my Lords in the Way of Cha- 

* rity, and for the Love of Chriji^ and for the 

* mean Seafon, it may pfeafe you to confider that 

* I fought not for this Woman's coming unto me, 

* nor thought in her any Manner of Deceit, She 

* was the Perfon that, by many probable and likely 

* ConjeiEiures, I then reputed to be right honelt, 
' religious, and very good and virtuous. I verily 
*■ fuppofed that fuch feigning and Craft, compaA 

* ling of any Guile or Fraud, had been far from 

* her : And what Default was this in me fo to 

* think, when I h^d fo may probable TcAimoniea 
•of her Virtue? 

* Pirfi, The Bruit of the Country, which ge- 

* neraljy called her the Haly Maid. 

* Secondly, Her Entrance into Religion upon 

* certain Vifions, which was commonly faid that 
' Ae had. 

* Tbirdfy, For the good Religion and Learning 

* that was thought to be in her Ghoftly Father, 
'and in other virtuous and well learned Priefts 
' that then tcftified of her Holinefs, as it was com- 
*monly reported; 

' Finally, My Lord of Cauterhury, that then 

* vas both her Ordinary and a Man reputed of 
' high Wifdom and Learnfng, told me that flic 
' had many great Vifions : And of him 1 learned 

* greater Things than ^ver I heard of the Nun 
' hcrfelf. 

' Your Wifdoms, I doubt not, here fee plainly 

* that in me there was no Default to believe this 

' Womaa 

p-hy Google 

■IP4 ^^ Parliamentary History 

K. Oitrj vill. ' Woman to be honeft, religious, and of good 

< Credence, i 

* For fith then I am bounden by the Law of 

* God, to believe the beft of. every Perfon untilltho 

* rontrary be proved, much latlier I ought fo to 

* believe of this Woman that had then fo man^ 

* probableTeftimonies of her Goodnefs and Virtue- 

* But here it will be faid. That fl»e told me fuch 

* Words as was to the Peril of the Prince, and of 

* the Realm. Surely I am right forry to make an^ 

* Rehcarfal of her Words, but only that Neceffity 

* fo compels me now to do. 

' The Words that Oie told me concerniDg the 

* Peril of the King's Highnefs were thefe : She faid 

* that fhe had her Revelation from God, that if the 

* King went forth with the Purpofe that he intcnd- 
' ed, he fliould not be King of England kven 

* Months after^ and Qxe told me alfo that Qie had 

* been with the King, and fhewed unto his Grace 

* the fame Revelation. 

' Though this was forged by her or any other, 

* what Default is mine, that knew nothing of thac 
' Forgery ? If I had given her ariy Counfel to the 

< Forging this Revelation, or had any Knowledge 

* that it wasieigned, I had been worthy of great 
' * Blame and Punifliment: But whereas I never 

* gave her any Counfel to this Matter, nor knew 

* of any forging or feigning thereof, I truft in youp 

* great Wifdoms that you will not think any De- 

* fault in me touching this Point. 

'And as I will anfwet before the Throne of 

* Christ I knew not of any Malice or Evil that 
' was intended by her, or by any other earthly 

* Creature, unto the. King's Highnefs ; Neither 

* her Words did fo found that by any temporal or 

* worldly Power fuch Thing was intended, but 

* only by the Power of God,, of whom, as fho 

* then faid, fhe h^d thjs Revelation to fliew unto 
' the King. 

* But here it will be faid. That I fliould have 
f (hewed the Words unto the King's Highnefs, 

* Verilyj if I had not undoubtedly thought that fhe 

* ^^4 

.:!>» Google 

5/ E N G L A N D. loj 

* had fliew'd the fame Words unto his Grace, myK.H'tgViri, 
' Duty had been fo to have done. But when the 

* herfdf, which pretended to have this Revelation 

* from God, had ihew'd the fame, I faw no Necef- 

* flty why that I {hould renew it again to his Grace. 

* For her efteemed Honefty, qualified as I laid be- 
*fore with fo many probabJe Teftmonies, afErm- 
'ingunto me that /he had told the/ame unto the 

* King, made me right aiTuredly to think, that {ha 
' had Ihewed the fame Words to his Grace, 

* And not only her own Saying thus petfuaded 
' me, but her Priorefs's Words confirmed the fama, 
^ and their Servants alfo reported to my Servants, 

* that (be had been with the King, And yet, be-. 
' fides all this, I knew it not long after by fome 
' others thatfo it was itideed. 1 thought therefore 
f that it was not for me to rehearfe the Nan'j 

* Words to the King again, when hia Grace knew 

* them already, and (he heifcif had told him before. 

* And furely divers other Caufes difliiaded me fo to 
f do, which are not here openly to be rehearfed. 

* Neverthelefs, when they Ihall be heard, I doubt 
' not but they wiil altogether clearly excufe me as 

* concerning this Matter. 

' My Suit therefore unto all you, my Honour- 
' able Lords, at this Time, is, That no A£l of Con- 
' demnation concerning this Matter be fufFered to 
' pafs againft me in this High Court before that I 
^ be heard, or elfe fome other for me, how that 1 
' can declare myfelf to be guiltlefs herein, 

* And this I mod humbly befeech you all, on . 

* your charitable Goodnefles, and alfo, if that per- 
' adventure in the mean Time therefliall be thought 
^ any Negligence in tne for not revealing this Mat- 
' ter unto the King's Highnefs, you, for the Pu- 
' nifliment thereof which is now paft, ordain no 
' new Law ; but let me ftand unto the Laws 
' which hav& been heretofore made, unto the 

* which I muft and will obey. 

' BcfeechingaiwaystheKing'smodnoble Grace, 

* that the fame his Laws may beminiftred unto me 

* yih\i Favour and Equitv, and not with the ftriifi- 

■ i>, Google 

'lo6 the Parliamentary HisTORT 

%,ibt^Vtll. « eft Rigour, I need not here to advife your moft 

* high Wifdoms to look up to God, and upon your 

* own Souls in ordaining fuch Laws for the Punilh- 
,* mcntofNeglip:cnces, or of other Deeds which are 

* already paft, nor yet to look ijpon your own Pe- 

, * rils which may happen to you in like Cafes ; for, 

* there fits not one Lord here but the fame, or other 

* like, may chance unto himfelf that now is imputed 

* unto me, 

* And therefore eftfoons I befeech all your benign 

* Charities to tender this my moll humble Suit as 

* you would be tendered if you were in the fame 
' Danger yourfelves ; And this to do for the Reve- 

* rence of Chrifi, for the Difcharge of your own 

■ • Souls, and for the Honour of this m<jft High 

* Court ; and, finally, for your own Sureties, and 

* others that hereafter Oial! fucceed you ; For I vc- 

* rily truft in Almighty God, that by the Succour 

* of his Grace, and your charitable Suppottations, 

* I Ihall fo declare myfelf, that every Nobleman 

* that fits here ihall have good Reafon to be therc- 

* with fatisfied. Thus our Lord have yoii all, this 
» moft Honourable Court, in his Protection. Amen. 

This Scflion of Parliament continued till March 
30; on which Day the Lord-Chancellor, by the 
King's Command, ordered {hat all and fmgular the 
Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in their Pariiament- 
Robes, together with the Meipbers of the Houfe of 
Commons, fhould appear at the fame Place, at two 
o'clock in the Afternoon. At which Time, the 
three Eftates of the Realm being alTembled, the 
King on the Throne, the Lords by Name in the 
Jounial, being feared according to their Ranks and 

■ Dignities, andthewholeHoufeofCommonsattend- 
ing, SirHumphmy Wingftld, Knight, then Speaker 
ofthatHoufe, madeanelegantSpeech, faysourAu- 
thority, to the King, on prefenting the Bills for the 
Royal Aflent ; which was kindly and gracioufly 
accepted. &k Thomas Aad/ey, Knight, Lord-Chan- 
cellor of £«//ani/, by the King's Command, return- 
ed an Anfwer to it ; and gave Thanks to all the 
^embers of both Houfes, for their great Care and 

.■i>, Google 

»/ E N G L A N D. 107 

Con<Iui9 in making To many excellent Laws for thcK.fl'wjViii, 

PubJic Good. Which Bills being all read and af- 

fenced to, the Chancellor prorogued the Parliament The Pmr1Uac4 

to the 3d Day of Ftbruarj next enfuing ; on which V^to^iei, 

pay, he faid, it was the King's abfolutc Command 

that they Ihould all, without ^rther Notice, attend. 

The Chancellor like^ife took Notice of one 
particular ^£1, made this SefBon, concerning the 
Settlement of the Crown on the King's Ifliic, by 
Jnnif his prefent Queen, as the principal and moft 
ufeful of them all. In this it was ena^ed amongft 
other Matters, That all and lingular Perfon or 
Perfons ihould take an Oath to do and fulfil every 
Ordinance comprehended in the faid A£t. Oit 
the due Obfervation of which, he added, the Good 
and Bappinefs of this Kingdom chiefly depended. 
To which £nd, theKing, by hisLettersPatent, had 
ConAituted and appointed the faid Lord High Chan- 
cellor of Sttgland, the ArchbiQiop of Canterbury, 
Thomas Puke of Narfeli, Lord-Treafurer, and 
Charles Duke of Suftii, who firft took the Oath, 
annexed to the Letters Patent, in the King's Pre- 
fence, to fwear all the reft of the Lords Spiritual 
and Temporal, ^ith the Members of the Houfe of 
Commons in the fame Manner, as appears by a ' 
Tranfcript of the faid Aft, to which all the Jurors 
fubfcribed their Names. After this, the King and 
{ill the reft retired. 

Next follows the Commiffion itfelf, which was 
to this Effea ; 

flEN R Y Vlir. by the Grace »f God, &c. to tht 
Mafl Reverend Father in Chrift, Thomas Areh- 
hijbop of Canterbury. [With the reft afore- 
' \T7Hercas we are well affured of your Fidelity The Kuf** 
* VV andprovidentCircumfpeilionforthc Pub-*^<™«"i*""*»« 
^ lie Good ; know ye, That, by the Tenor of thefe ^""^^s^^^^ 
■ Prefents, we give full Power and Authority to you in Favour of ' 
^ three, or to any two of you, to take and receive '*"'"*'%■■ 
T the Oaih and AfTurance of all and fingular Dukes, 
^ Eath, Barons, Bifbops, Abbots, Priors, Knights, 

■ i>,Got)^lc 

So$ The Parliamentary History 

^.Bnrjvm, t and all other our Liege Subjodls of any State and 

* Degree whatfoever, according to the Force and 

* Intent of a certain Statute, made in this prefent 

* Parliament, concerning our prefent State, Secu- 

* rity, and Succeflion ; and according to the Form 

* of the Oath thereunto annexed. Moreover, that 

* you take Care to return the Names of airthofe 

* fo fworn, as alfo thefe Patents, under your Seals, 

* into our Chancery. And herein we defirc you 

* will ufe all poffibic Diligence and Difpatch.' 

ft^ilae/s aurjdf at Weftminfter, March 30, in 
the 2$ib year of aur Reign. 

The OATH. 
The 0»th. 'y*E Jhailfweare to beare Feith, Truth, andObe- 
*■ dUnce all onely ta the King's Maiejiy, and to his 
Heires of his Body of his muft deare and entirely he- 
lmed lawful Wife ^eene Anne begotten and to he 
legolten: And further to the Htires of our f aid 
Stuereign Lord^ according to the Limitaiian in the 
Statute made for Surety of his Succejfon in the 
Crcwne of this Realme nfentioned and contained, and 
not 10 any other within this Realme, ner foreint Au- 
thority or Potentate. And in Cafe any Oath be madei 
er hath beene made^ by you to any Perfon or PirfonSt 
that then ye to repute the fame as vain and adnihi- 
late. A"'^ 'hat to your Cunning, Wit, and utter- 
niofi of your Power, without Guile, Fraud, or other 
Vndue Menne, ye fliall obferue, keepe, maintaine, an4 
defend the Jotd Act of tucceffion, and all the whole 
t-ffe&t and Contents thereof, and all other ABs and 
Statutes made in Confirmation, er for Execution of 
ihe fame, or for any Thing therein contained. And 
this ye fjall doe again)} all Manner of Ptrfans, ■ of 
vhat Eflate, Dignity, Degree, or Condition faever 
they be. And in no vjayi doe or attempt, ner la yeur 
Power fuffer to be done or attempted, 4'rf^lly or in- 
diriSfly, any Thing or 'Things, priuatily or appertly, 
is the Let, Hiaderance, Damage, or Derogation there' 
ef, or of any Part tf the fame, by any Manner of 
Meanes, or for any Manner of Pretence. So help 
\0U God, ana all Saints, and the Holy Euangelijh. 

p-hy Google 

tf^ E N G L A N D. 109 

We (hall nextfubjoin an Abflraaof the Heada'^'^"'!"!'* 
of the mod remarkable Statutes, mentioned in the 
yQurnal-Booki, as pafled in this Seflion af ParHa- 
ment, and are not taken Notice of either in the 
printed Statutes, or in Lord Herbert or other Hillo- 
rians; the 5/fl(a(*-BflDii only making them twenty- 
two in Nutnber, but the Jnurnah thirty-four. This 
is remarkable, becaufe fbme of thefe Statutes have a 
plain Reference to the Hiftory of thefe Times, and 
feem to want a farther Explanation. 

An AS concerning the Confirmation of Power ^^ piJMi 
to the Lady Katherine, late Wife to Prince Arthur^ 
cldeft Son to King Henry VU. 

Another for abrogating the ufurped Authority of 
the Pope of Romt ; who for a long Time has un- 
lawfully ufed it in this Kingdom. 

Another for the confirming the Jointure, fettled 
upon the mofi excellent Princefs the Lady Anjitt 
Queen of England. 

An Adt for depriving the Bifllops o( Salijlury and 
JVorceJler from their Sees '. 

For confirming to the King and his Heirs the 
Lands belonging to the Priory oi Chrift-Churcb in 

An AiS to declare the Manner of Eleflions and 
Confirmations of Archbilhops and Bifhops within 
this Realm. 

Another concerning a Confirmation of the Mar- 
riage between our moil illuftrious King and the moft 
excellent Princefs Anne^ his Wife, latet^ folemnized. 
With feveral other more private Bills. 
Kingiinrj' and his Parliament agreed {o very 
well together in every Thing, that it now plainly 
appears, by thefe frequent and annual Prorogations, 
tijathehadnoMind to part with them till the great 
Wc^k of Reformation, which he had taken in 
Hani, was accomplifbed. Much had been already 
done towards it, but much more remained behind 

• Thefe BlDiO|ii iiat tw 

Aimt \yx\. Both deprived for Niin-S.ellilen 

p: by Google 

1 10 The Parlidfttentary HrstbftY 

K,H«ir|VlU. to do; by far more difficult and dangftrOiis thai t1i« 
other. However, the next Seflion of this ParHameut 
gave the King feveral convincing Proofs of their 
great Zeal for his Service; and, as Lord Heri/trl ob- 
serves, the Statutes then cnadled were fo important, 
as evidently to fliew the great Refped and Awc 
borne by the Nation to their King. 

The JourHal-Books here again forfake us ; th«i 
Seflions of Parliament, in the 26th and 27th Years 
of this King, being loft from the Office; fo that 
we muft depend upon the printed Statutes and Hi- . 
ftoricaf for the farther Proceedings of this Parlia- 
ment to its Diflblution. 

According to the lafl Prorogation, they met again 
on February the 3d by the Statute- Bepis, but Ha/i 
and Lord jitrbert fay November the 3d ; at which 
Time the following AQ.% were maife. 
iAnnoKcgniie, ' The firft was to ihis Effed: That albeit the 
'S3J' King was the Supreme Head of the Church in Eng- 
/iTBii, and fo recognised by the Clergy of this Realm 
in their Convocations \ yet, for more CorroboratiOit 
thereof, as alfo for extirpating ajl Errors, Herefics, 
•TheKii^de- and Abufes of the fame, it was enaaed, That the 
SrftC"' ^'"1' *"" ^"f^' ^"'^ Succellbrs, Kings of England, 
Chofd). ihould be accepted and reputed the Supreme Head 

on Earth of the Church of fng'/dni/, called Ecdejia 
Jlnglicana ; and have and enjoy, united and annex- 
ed to the Imperial Crown of this Realm, as well the 
Title and Stile thereof, as all Honours, Dignities, 
Preheminences, Jurifdiiiions, Privileges, Authori- 
ties, Immunities, Profits, and Commodities to the . 
faid Dignity of Supreme Head of the fame Church 
belonging or appertaining. And that our faid So- 
vereign Lord, his Heirs and Succeflbrs, Kings Of 
' this Realm, iball have full Power and Authority, 

from Time to Time, to vifit and reprefs, redrefs, 
reform, order, corre^, reftrain, and amend all fuch 
Errors, Herefics, Abufes, Offences, Contempts, 
and Enormities whatfoevcr they be, which, by any 
Manner ofSpirituat Authority or Jurifdi<Siion, ought 
or may lawfully be reformed, rcprefled, ordered, 
redrefled, corre^ed, reftrakied, or amended, moft 

.■b, Google 


to the PJcafure of Ahnight/God, the Incrcafc ofIt.»«|VMi 
Virtue in CiriJJ's Religion, and for the Confcrva- 
tion oi^thc Peace, Unity, and Tranquillity of this 
Realm, any Ufage,Cuftom,/oreign Laws, foreign 
Authority, Prcfcription, or any Thing or Things 
to the contrary hereof notwithftanding. Which 
Aa, tho' much for ihc Manutcntion of the Regal 
Author! ty,-fecnied yet not to be fuddenly approved 
by our King, nor before he had confultcd with hia 
Council (who Ihewed him Precedents of Kings of 
England that had ufed this Power) and with his 
Bifhops ; who, having difcuffed the Point in their 
Convocations, declartfd. That the Pope had no 
JurifditElion warranted to him by God's Word la 
this Kingdom: Which alfo was feconded by the 
Univerfities, and by the Subfcriptions of the feveral 
Colleges and Religious Houfes fo far as they bound 
their SuccelTors thereunto ; the Particulars where- 
of are to be feen in our Records, However the 
Bufinefs was both publiclcly controverted in foreign 
Countries, and defended here by many at this Prc- 
fent, while they produced Arguments for rejefiing 
the Pope's Authority ; and together maintained it 
neceflary, that fuch a Power mould be extant in 
the Realm for fupporting and ftrengthening of the 
Religion profeiTed in it, and excluding the imper- 
tinenc and ill-grounded Reformations of many Sec- 
taries of thoie Times. The Arguments of all 
which may be feen in the King's Book, De vera 
Differentia Regta et Ecdefiafiica Poteftalii (which 
we have formerly mentioned) as being printed and 
publiihed on this Occalion; whence alfo the learn- 
ed Bifliop Aadreuis, in his Tortura Terii, feems to 
have drawn divers AfTertions of the Regal Autho- 
rity, to which therefore the curious Reader may 
have further Recourfe. 

* It was alfo declared Treafon to attempt, ima-OtherAai 
gjne, or fpeak Evil againll the King, C^een, or^ * 
his Heirs, or to attempt or deprive them of their 
Dignity or TJtles. 

' Alfo that no Traitor fliall haveBenefit of Sanc- 
tuary, And tho' he be out of the Realm, yet upon 

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112 The Parliamentary History 

K,HwjfVIW. Commillion given by the King for his Trial, jfhd 
be found guilty by the Jury, the Law fhall prncee'd 
agalnft him as effediually as if he were prefent 

' An A£l alfo made the laft Parliament for an 
Oath to be taken by all the King's Subjedls for the 
Surety of the Succcflion by Queen Anne was now 
confirmed, and the Oath prefcribed j for the more 
validating whereof alfo it was declared, That all 
former Oaths, Concerning Succcflion, taken by the 
King's Subjedls, ihould be reputed thenceforth vain 
and annihilated. 

' That towards the Augnientation, Maintenance, 
and Defence of the King's Royal Eftate and Dig- 
rrity of Supreme Head, the Firft Fruits of all Bene- 
fices, Dignities, OfKces, ^ir. Spiritual, fhall be paid 
to his Highnefs: As alfo a yearly Revenue, being 
the tenth Part of all fuch Livings ; the Prior and the 
Brethren of St. John'i of Jeri^ahm not excepted. 

* Whereas alfo it was doubted, left in thefe trou- 
blefome Times, fome Commotion might follow iii 
this Kingdom, and that particularly Wales, as be- . 
jng a ftron^ and faft Country, might be a Refuge 
for ill-aiFected Perfons, and the rather that there 
were fo many Lords' Marchers in thofe Parts (the 
fevcral Lords whereof having ampler Power than 
they now enjoy, did proteft Offenders flying from 
one Place lo the other) divers Laws were enabled 
againft Perjuries, Murders, Felonies in Walts .* 
Paffage over Severn alfo at unlawful Times was 
prohibited, and Clerks convidt: in Wales not to be 
releafed till they found Sureties for their good 
abearing. Notwilhftanding which, the Year fol- 
lowing, upon mature Deliberation, Waht was uni- 
ted aiid incorporated totally unto the Crown 'Of 
England, it being thought better to adopt that 
People into the fame Form of Governmet with the 
Engtifl), than, by keeping them under more fevere 
and Uridl Laws than others in the Ifland were 
fubjedl unto, to hazard the alienating of their Af- 

* An Adl alfi) was made, declaring by whom and 
in what Manner Bifhops' Suffragans fliould be no- 



{/•ENGLAND. nj 

minated and appointed, and what their Authorit7K,irM7Vlu. 
and Privileges ihould be. And thus, after a free 
and general Pardon from the King was ena^ed, 
the Parliament was proragued. 

TheA<El ofSupremacy being pafled, the ftingpro- 
ceeded more confidently to aboliih, byProcIamation, i 
the Pope's Authorftyout of hisKiiigdom, andefta- 
bliflt his own ; the Doctrine whereof he commanded 
Dot only to be often prcRchcd in the moft frequent- 
ed Auditories, but taught even to little Children j 
enjoining further. That the Pope's Name fhould be 
iszed out of all Books ' ; his Refolution being afteC 
this Time to treat him no otheiwife than as an 
ordinary BUhop. In Coofequence whereof alfo* 
he not only proceeded with an high Hand againft all 
the Oppofers of his Supremacy, (as fhall be related 
in its due Place) but accepted a volimtary Oath or 
Fromife from his Bifliops, under their Hands and 
Seals, declaring their Acknowledgment of the fame, 
together with a Renunciation of the Pope's pre- 
tended Authority, and any Oath or Promife made - 
to hiffl heretofore. The Form of this Oath, or 
Fromile, made by Sttpbtn Gardtmr^ Bifhop of 
H^rcir^tr, Pet. 10, 1 5 35, may be feen in Faxt, 
to which we remit the Reader.' 

[fwe may credit the Preamble to the printed Sta- 
tutes.thisSeffionofParliamentcontinued fitting from 
tlwOite above, to the lUth of Dramier (ollov/ingl 
£ut this is fcarce probable, for we find that they met 
once more by Prorogation on the 4th of Fibruarff 
in the Beginning of the next Year 1 which is hardly , 
Time enough for fotne of the more diftant Mem- 
bets to go home and return again. It is true, the^ 
had a great deal to do in it; the Length and 
Brcadthof the A£ts which were pafled at this SefEon^ 
requiring great Skill in the making and dreffing of 
then : But the grand Caup di Gmct of all, was the 
Afl declaring King Henry, SUPREMUM CA- 


■ Wc hive r«n Icttral Booki printed, bEfore thii Time, wherein 
the Woid Pope ii entirely obliteiited ; ptrticulaily one in our Col- 
leffion, Ffli(«'i CirsmWe i in which the Nime of Popiiihlot- 
ltd out by a Pen, throughout ihetvhole Volume. It ii probable the 
BwUellert duril not then fcU a Book without thii Altention. 

p-hy Google 

1 14 The Parliamentary History* 

Sole Head of the EnglJjh Church ; which, tho' it 
Shocked many fqueamiOi Confciences to fwear to> 
yet we tind none of any Note that had the C^ou- 
rage to refufe the Oath, except John Fijhtr, Bi- 
ftop tiiRscheftir^znA Sir Thamas Mare, late Lord- 
Chancellor, who both loft their Heads for it. 
Bifhop Burntt, from the Pailiament Rolls, men' 
A Sobfidf. (;pnj 3„ ji^Q for a Subfidy, of a Tenth and a Fif- 
teenth, to be paid in three Years, that was paJIed 
alfo tbis Seffion, no Grant, of that Kind, having 
been made of iwdvc Years before ', ThePreambte 
to which A£t fets out the King's high Wifdom and 
Policy in moft glaring Colours. It tells us, ' That 
' he governed his Kingdom, for 24 Years, in great 

* Wealth and Quietnefs ; of the great Charges he 

* had been at in the laft War with Seollandy in iot- 
' * tifying Calais, and in the War in Ireland: That 

* he intended to bring that wilful, wild, -unreafon- 

* able and favage People to Order and Obedience: 

* That he intended to build Forts on the Matches 

* of Scotland, for the Security of this Nation ; to 
' amend the Haven at Calais, and to make a new 

* one at Dover. By all which, they did perceive 

* the entire Love and Zeal which the King bore 

* to his People j and that he fought not their 

* Wealth and Quietnefs only for his own Time, 
' being a mortal Man, hut did provide for it in all 

* Time to come ; Therefore they thought that, 

* of very Equity, Reafon, and good Confcience, 

* they were bound to fhew a like Correfpondence 

* of Zeal, Gratitude, and Klndnefs.' In Return 
far this a general Pardon was granted, with fome 
Exceptions ; particularly mentioning Bifhop Fijbtr 
and Sir Thomas Mare. 

Anno Regni 17. After a Prorogation of fourteen Months, accord- 
'5^*' Ing to Bifhop Burntt from the Records,- the fame 
Parliament met once more on the 4th oi February, 
in the zyih Year of this King. A great many Laws, 
relating to Civil Concerns, were now made, as ap- 
pears by the Boole of Statutes. But the principal 

, Aa 

*B,urint'tmfitijtftltRiftrmaiiai, Vol.1. p^^S. 

p:hy Google 

Qf E N G A L N D. u^ 

A A, and for which this Seffion was chiefly called, K. Biar; vui. 

Was, That for the Suppreffion of the Lcller Mona- 

fteries. How this Bill went thro' the two Houfes 

We cannot learn from the Journah, for they are loll : 

But all the Hiftorians of thefe Times tell us, Thatxhe uiTerMo- 

the Report of thefe Monalkries made to the Kingoiitaktruppref- 

was read in Parliament; which reprefented the'"'' 

Manners of thefe Houfes fo odiouily, that the A£t 

was eafily carried. The Preamble to this Statute 

runs thus : 

' That (inall Religious Ho.ufes, under the Number 
' of twelve Perfons, had been long and notorioufly 
' given to vicious and abominable Praifllces, and 

* ^d much confume and wade the Church's Land), 

* and other Things belonging to them ; That, for 
' about 200 Years, there had been many Vifuations 
' for reforming thefe Abufes, but with no Succefs^ 
' their vicious Living daih'increafing; fothatunlefs 
*fmall Houfes were dilTolvcd, and the Religious 
' put into greater Monafteries, there could be nO 
' Refornnation expefted in that Matter : Whereup- 

* on the King having received a full Information of 
' thefe Abufesf both by his Vifitors and other cre- 

* dible Ways, and confidering that there were di- 
■ vers great Monafteries, in which Religion was 
' well kept andobferved, which had not the full 

* Number that they might and ought to receive, had 

* made a full Declaration of the Premifes in Pailia- 

* ment< Whereupon it was enadled, That all fuch 

* Houfes which might fpend yearly 200/. or within 
' it, fhould be fupprcffcd, their Revenues converted 

* to better Uf^s, and they compelled to reform their 

* Lives.' 

The Kpifcopal Hiftorian, to whom we are obliged 
fbrthtf aboveExiradt", goes on and tells ua, thatths 
Reafons pretended for dilTolving thefe Houfes were^ 
That as there were but a fmall Number of Perfons 
in them, they entered into Confederacies together* 
and their Poverty fet them on to ufe many ill Arts 
to grow rich. They, were alfo often abfent, and 
kept no Manner of Difcipline in their Houfes; but 
H 2 theit 

fc hl^trj oflbi Sifarmalhii, Vol. I. p. 193, &e, ■ 

■ i>,Got)^lc 

ii6 ^e Parliamentary History 

K. Bary Till. iheir Eftates were generally much richej than they 
' , Aemed to be ; for the Abbots, raifing great Fine* 

out of them, held the Leafea ftill low, and by that 
■ Means they were not obliged to entertain a greater 
Number in their Houfe ; and fo enriched themfevcs 
and their Brethren by the Fines ; for many Houfes, 
then rented at two hundred Pounds, were worth 
feme Thoufands. Thefc were Part of the Reafons 
urged in Parliament for paffing this Bill ; and we are 
farther told that Stoiefltj> BiSiop of Londm, faid, 
in the Houfe of Lords, ' That thefe lefler Houfes 

* were, asThorns, foon plucked up; but the great 

* Abbies were like putrified old Oaks, yet they ;nuft 

* needs follow, as others would do in Chriftendom 

* before many Years were oafTed ^- 

Though this was a very h^rih Sentence to come 
from the Mouth of a Bifliop in thofe Days, yet, 
fomc Time before, when this Afiair was canvafTed 
I in Convocation, FiJhtVy fiifhop of Rachejitr, op- 

«^a iu ■P**''^'* the Diffolution of thefc fmaller Monafterics 
with all his Might. He told his Brethren, That 
this was fairly ihewing the King the Way how he 
might come at the greater j which, be laid, put 
faim in Mind of a Fable. 

* An Ax, which wanted a Handle, came upon a 

* Time unto the Wood, making his Moan to the 

* great Trees, that he wanted a Handle to work 

* withall, and for that Caufe he Was conflrained tp 

* lit idle ; therefore he made it his Requetl to them, 

* That they would be pleafed to grant him one of 

* their fmall Saplings within the Wood to make 

* him a Handle; who, miftiufting no Guile, granted 

* him one of their fmaller Trees to make him a 
' Handle : But now, becoming a compleat Ax, 

* he fell fo to Work, within the fame Wood, that, 
■ in Procefs of Time, there was neither great nor 

* fmall Tree to be"" found in the Place where the 

* Wood ftood. And fo, my X^rds, if you grant 


< Hail, Folio ccnviii. Bana m fafr: And ret thii Mu 

wii fa Euloui B Catholk, that. Foxi writet, fw boaSed on bis D«th> 
Bed he had burnt fiAy Heretics, jlat aad Mmumati, Vol. 11. 
p. jois. 

p-hy Google 

tff E N G L A N D, 117 

< die King thefc ftnaller Monafteries, you do but K, a<ivjym. 

* make him a Handle, whereby, at his own Plea- 

* fure, he may cut down all the Cedars within your 

* Lthanus : And then you may thank you rfelves, 
*• after you have incrcafed the heavy Difpletfurc 

* of Almighty God for it ''. 

The Prelate's Speech, and the Application of this 
Parable, is faid to have turned the Minds of tbofe 
who fought to oblige the King ; and the whole Con- 
vocation of Bifliops agreed to rejct^ the Propofal for 
that Time: But, in a little while after, they were 
convinced of their Error, and all, except the Bilhqp 
of Reihijler, voted in Parliament for it. And, 

By another hSt, all thefe Houfcs of Reli^on, 
their Churches, Lands, and alt their Goods, were 
given to the King, his HeirS and Succeflbrs ; toge- 
ther with all other Houfes; which, within a Year 
before the making of the Ad, had been dilTolved 
and fupprefled. For the coIleSing the Revenues 
that belonged to them, a new Court was created, 
called the Court of (he Augmentations of the King's Tficir Rnennn 
Revenue, which was to confift of a Chancellor, a Kf„"^,'^„'j''ti„ 
Treafurer, an Attorney and Sollicitor, with ten comt of Aug- 
Auditors, fevcnteen Receivers, a Cleric, an Ulher, rnenutiDiu 
and aMeffenger. This Court was to bring in the'"^"'' 
Revenues of fuch Houfes as were now dinolved, 
excepting only fuch as the King, by his Letters 
Patent, continued in their former State: Appoint- 
ing a Seal for this Court, with full Power and 
Authority to difpofe of thefe Lands, fo as might be 
mod for the King's Service. 

Thus fell the lefier Abbies to the Number of 
376, the yearly Income of which yielded to the 
icing about 30 or 32,000/. bcfides their Goods 
and Chattels, which, at low Rates, were valued at 
100,000 /. and the Number of Monks and Nuns, 
turned out of them, amounted to about 10,000 °. 
The reft of the Ai^s pafTed this SelGon are not to 

H 3 our • 

i Dr. Baili.'t Lift of Biftop Fifiiir, p. 7og. 

• Htllingjbnd's Ciroii. p. 9J9. H ii further obftrvcd, thil fine* 
Ih: Statute ga.e ihe King <ll ^uou tif Manin Am to the Moni- 
ll|iie>, >t VI! but leifonible that the Uebti owing by thcfc Houfei 

.:i>, Google 

J 1 8 The FarUamentary Historv . 

K. Bar, vin. our Purpofe i and on the 4th of jfpril, this Par-, 
The Pttliunent '.'"""cn'i which had now fubfifted above fix Years, 
■feci fix Ycin and, as fiilhop Burntt obferves, had done tho 
Continimlice, .King fuch eminent Service, was finally diflblved. 
dillbi™i. ^^^y h^j ^^^ ^,jjj^^ ^^ unlimited Sway, 

both in Church and State, and feemed, in his do- 
meflic AiFaifs, to be very peaceable and content. 
His new Queen was fruitful, and likely to produco 
fair Iffue from the old Stock ; when, all of a fud- 
den, Ihe was accufed of Inceft, Adultery, and what 
not, with her own Brother and others ; who were 
<taecn ^nt Bf all tried, condemned, and executed in the Tower, 
lijn mcatti ioi on Jl^ny l(^^ 1536. This Affair quite unhinged 
AdulMT-.&ff, jjj, j^g ^Qj ^f Settlement made in the laft Parlia- 
ment; and Henry, as he had no Occafion to flight 
fuch AfTemblies, they being throughout bis whole 
Reign very comptailant to him in every Thing, 
foon after the DilTolution of the laft found himfelf 
obliged to call another, to meet at Wcfim'tnftir on 
f he 8th Day of "June, in the faid 28th Year of hiq 
Reign. We fiiali not mention the Names of al| 
the Peers fummoned to this Parliament; but the 
Manner and Rank the Barons fat in the Houfe is 
preferved by Dugdalt^ and feems to del'erve a Plac^ 
in t^efe Inquitieg, 

The Names of the Barons, as they entered and 
A w^ViT ^** '" '*^^ Pailiament in Order, in the 28th Year 
lixmcnicuitd, of the Reign of King Henry VIll ^ 

1JJ7- Ld. Wm. IVeJion, Grand WilViam Lord Mounijoy^ 
Prior of S,t. Jahn's, Henry Lord D'/fubeny, 
George Lord Bergavenny, Chrijlopher Lord Centers^ 
yohn Lord yiudtey, of Hornby, 


flioold he difchiCgtd. This wijdone, for th? mofl Part. Sy ihe 
CommiflioDeci ; but whcie ReliQs hipptned to be Fanrn«l, it Iwoij 
til. \ rc/gftd lo redeem tl.eni. Thus one Man iell 40 /. opon St. 

COYETCd, liii, 

' f>'t(e»fi W yflf/MBi'DMlS Wiiir^ Vnr. p. (CO. Th? 
SununanB tc this Pitlianirnl, dircAed to Ibimm AicbbiAnp rC 
Ctsiiriurj, theitdoflheBKhops, Abbo»,and Liy Lords, as well 
■I 10 the Judges, High- Sheriffs of Counli*. Mavirs, Biilifts, anj 
Burgeffea, ^i. ut givcu at Lengih in the TeJ, A^- Tooi- XI V, • 

p. sis- 

■ byGoogk 

e^ENGLAND. 119 

Jehit Lord Zauch, Tbemai Lord Darcey^ of K«^'«jVm. 
TbumaslA. De la ffari, Ttmplt-Hurfty 
thamat Lord BerkUyy Lord Monttgie. 
Lord ^antaguiy \A.yaux, <^ Harradauii, 
Lord Rocbford^ John Lord Hug^y of 
Hinry Lord Marltyt Sleferd^ 
Ld.J?<icrfr,oF[he South, Aitdrewhoidff^indfiryof 
Ld.Dacrei, oiGrayflacit StanwtU,- 
Lord Cebham, Lord Tailiiyr, of JE)iw. 
Lord Maliravtrsy Lord Wtnttoettb, 
Lord Taliti, hold Breugh, of Gainf- 
Lord /f^a/ur Pemrsy baraugh, 
Edward Lord Pawiiy Edmand Lord Sraj*, 
Lord (?riijr, of ffiltan, Jahn Lord Mar^ant, 
Lord Serept, Lord Hungtr/ord, of 
Lord Dudley, HeyUjbury, 
liOrd Latimer, Thomas I^ord Cromwell 
ffiliiam Lord SleariaSt of H^imbleton, ad- 
Lord Fii^'WoTiney mitted by Patent the 
7b£ii I^td Bernert, laft Day of this Par- 
Lord Lumley, Jtameot. 
G«r^/ Lord Hafl'tngs^ 

The Jaumal- Beei now begins again, and is very Anno R«Bii il. 
particular in the Tranfafliona of this Parliament » ; 'Si7- 
which being met, on the 8th of Jkji/ as aforefaid. At WifialnJItr. 
the King on the Throne, and all the Lords and 
Commons attending, Sir Thomas Audley, Knight, 
then Lord 'Chancellor of England, opened the Caufe 
of the Summons in a Speech to this Effc^ : 

' Firjl, He told them that, at the Diflblution of Th.Urd-Cb.o- 
* the lalt Parliament, it did not enter into the King's '^^'"'' *'""''• 
'SfMajcfty's Mind that he ftiould fofoon have Occa- 
-bfion to call another ; but that for two efpecial 
^ Caufes very neceflary, both for eafmg the King's 
' Scruples 

C The {<rumble to the: Pailiiment rcdlei all the King! Tit]«i in 

PirHimtriiim inctialaa ti (Mfm a/W Wtfttnonidetiuni. tSutK 
D" MaSi Junii, A<tf«> Rirni memritdijimi a fei,r.ngmi Ript 
Htniid Oclaiii, Fidti Drfiiijaris, Dimini Hibeiniie, tt in Tirrit Su- 
pemi Cap.iii Ar-glicarx Ecclefi*. vir-j^mo sSa-oa. 

PfunoTuJWj Milite, « Bdi'inlo Noiih, CItriqi ParlUvui'U 

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120 Tie Parliamentaty History 

K., BmrjWia. * Scruples and conducive to the Good of the whole 

* Kingdom, he had ilTucd frclh Summons for calling 

* this Parliament. The one was, concerning tho 

* Heirs and Succeflbrs of the King's Majefty^ who 

* knowing bimfelf obnoxious to Infirmities, and 

* even Ocath itfelf, a Thing very rare for Kings 

* to think of i and, faefidcs, conGderii^ the State of 

* the whole Kingdom, depending, as it were, upon 

* his fmgle Life ; but willing, above all Things, 

* to leave it free from all Dangers to Poflerity, ho 

* had called this Parliament to appoint an HeirAp- 

* parent to the Crown; who, when the prefenc King 

* had refigned to Fate without Children lawfully 
' begotten, might, by their own Confent, happily 

* reign over them. 

' T^cfecmd Caufc, for which this prefcnt Par- 

* liament was fummoned,was, For repealing a cer- 

* tain Ad, madein the laft, by the Tenor and Force 

* of which this whole Realm is bound to be obe- 

* dient to the Lady Anni Bolejn, the King's late 

* Wife, and her Heirs between them lawfully 

* begotten. Alfo, by the Force of the faid A&y 

* whoeAr Ihould fay or do any 111 againft her or 

* her Ifiue fllould be condemned for High Treafon ; 

* But now, he faid, that they may more rightly 

* underfland the Reafons of tiiis Summons, his 

* Counfei was, according to thefc three Proverbs of 

* SaUmarit (to whom our moft excellent Prince here 

* may be moftjuftly and worthily compared) Ope^ 

* rabimini ^uibus admontmur, prtettrita in Mtmori^ 

* babtrt, prafintia intutri, et cbventura prsvidtri. 

* And, as lo the firft, they very well remembered 

* what great Anxieties and Penurbations of Mind 

* their moft invincible Sovereign fuffered, on ic- 

* count of his Aril unlawful Marriage ; which v^<ft 

* not only judged fo in all the Univerfities in Chri- 

* tendoin, but declared unlawful by the general Con- 

* fent of this Kingdom in a late Aifl of Parliament, 

* So alfo they ought to bear in Mind the great 

* Perils and Dangers their Prince was under, when 

* he contrafled his fecond Marriage, in regard to 

* the fecond of SaUmm's Proverbs, by conudering 

p:hy Google 

5^ E N G L A N D. 12, 

' in what a Situation this Realm was in by reafonH' Hiwrj Tin. 
' of tht Oath then made and taken foi the Support 
' of the faid Jnne and her IlTue ; which faid Ladjr 
*■ Anne^ and her Accomplices, had been fince juftljr 

* found guilty of High Treafon, and had received 
' their due Reward for it. What Man of middle 

* Condition would not this deter from marrying a 

* thirdTime ? When he remembers thw the fifft 
' was a vaft Expence and great Trouble of Mind 

* to him ; and the fecond ran him into great and im- 

* minent Dangers, which hung over him during the 

* whole Time of it; yet this our moll exceljent 
' Prince, adds he, on the humble Petition of the 

* Nobility, and not out of any carnal Lull or Allec- 

* tion, again condcfcends to contract Matrimonyi 
' and hath at this Time taken unto himfelf another 
' Wife, whofe Age and line Form denotes her moft 

' fit and likely to Dring forth Children : And there- . 

* fore, Recording to the third Proverb of SaUmen, 
' ObvtMura prrvideamui, we are now met, by the 
' King's Command, with unanimous Confent, to- 
' appoint an Heir Apparent to the Crown, that 
' if this our Prince, which God avert, fhould leave 

* this mortal Life without Children lawfully begot- 
' ten, the Heir, fo appointed, may lawfully rule and 

* govern this Kingdom after him. 

' Lajily, adds he. Let us humbly pray to God 

* that the would blefs this our moll excellent Prince 
' with fome Offspring; at the fame Time giving 

* him Thanks that he has hitherto preferved him 
' frffln fo many and fuch imminent Dangers, be- 

* caufe it is his whole Study and Endeavour to rule 
' us all in perfedl Peace and Chari tf during his Life j 
' and to tratifniit the fame Happinefs to Pofterity/ 

Afier the Chancellor had ended his Harangue, 
he, in the King's Name, ordered the Commons to 
withdraw lo their ufual Place and chufe a Speaker, 
and prefent him to the King the Day following. 

The Receivers and Triers of Petitions being ap- 
pointed, the next Day, being Saturday, the Clian- 
£cllor acquainted the King and Lords that the Com- 
mons begg'd a longer Time for elefling a Speaker. 

■ i,,Got)^ls: 

322 The Parliamentary History 

K.£«^7 VIII. Hereupon the King commanded that the Houfeof 

Lords Should be adjourned to Manday Matmn^\ 

]>Tpii. Rich, ^'^'^t <^i> 'tiat Day, the Commons prefented to 

.£iq, Spnkn. the King Richard Rich, Erq; for their Speaker j 

whoiminediately addretled himfelf to thcThione, 

in Words to this Efteift: 

' Firft, in the Name of the Commons, he told 

* his Majeity that they well undcrftood theCbancel- 

* loi's Reafons, which he gave on the iirft Oay of 

* the Meeting, for calling this prefent Parliiiment i 
' and repeated the Heads of the Chancellor's Dif- 
' courfe. He then took Occafion to praife the 

* King for his wonderful Gifts of Grace and Na- 

* ture; and compared him, for Juftice and Prti- 

* dence, to Setomen ; for Strength and Fortitude, to 

* Sampfon; and, for Beauty and Comehnefs, to 

* jlbJaiBia. He then faid, That, according to the 

* Chancellor's Commands, ihc Commons had rc- 

* tired to their own Houfe, in order to chufe a 

* Speaker, and had aftually chofcn him, the mod 

* unworthy of them all, for that Honour. He 

* therefore befought his Majefty that he would 

* command the Commons to withdraw again to 

* their own Houfe, and e\e& another Speaker ; for 
' he had neither Learning, Experience, nor Bold- 

* nefs, fie for that Office ; and therefore he wa» 

* the leaft capable of any to undertake fuch an 
' honourable Employment,' 

To this the Chancellor, by the King's Com- 
mand, replied, ' That his Majeily had well heard 

* his Speech, and was glad to underfland, by the 
' firft Pirt of it, that the Members of the Houfe 
' of Commons had been fo attentive to the Chan* 

* cellor's Declaration, as they appeared to be, 
» That,astothePraifesandVriiuesarcribedtohim- 

* felf, his Majeftv thought proper to dila^iiw ihcm; 

* fince, if he leally had fuch Virtues, they were the 

* Glfis of Almighiy God only. Laftly, adds he, 

* as to your Exciifes, R'ukard, which the King 
, * hmh heard, that you have neither Learning, 

* Experience, nor Boidnefs, fit for fuch an Officei 
f Eo'this his Majcliy hath cpmfnandcd me to reply, 

' That, 

■ byGooQle 

o/- E N G L A N D. 123 

* That, if he did not know that you had all thofeK. Barg VUI. 

* Quailficatiom, he would not, amongft (o many 
f urgent Matters as are now depending, admit you 
' into the Office ; and therefore he doea not loofc 

* upon your Excufes as juft,' After which the faid 
Richard Rich, tlfq; ** made the ufual Protella- 
tiofl for Liberty of Speech, (sfe. which was al- 
lowed of. 

We have been more circumftantial than ufua) in 

flving the Preliminaries at the Opening of this 
arliament, becaufe it {hews to what a Heis:ht 
Adulation was at that Time; when the Lnrd- 
Chancellor and the Speaker of the Houfe of Com- 
moils, in their AddreiTes to the Throne, ftrove to 
out-do one another in Flattery. Whatever Vices 
this King had, and to what Height foever he car- 
ried iheni, he could not outdrip his Parliament: 
For no fooner bad he repudiated one Wife and 
married another, but the Parliament joined with 
bim in baftardi^ing the liTue of the lall i as was 
firft done In the Cafe of Queen Katherint, and 
afterwards in 4nnt BsUyn. And now, having got 
an effectual Divorce froip the faid Annt, he was 
married again immediately to the I^ady Jant Sey-'^""'J nun-"* 
vuiur. Daughter to Sir John S^ymmr, Knt. The ^'„';;^/ ?"* 
whole laft Ad of Settlement was repealed by this '■'"°"' 
Parliament, and poor Queen v/nn; now called wotfe 
frames than Q^ieen Katheriae had been before. 

We fliall nqt trouble the Reader with any Ab- 
ftraiSt from the Journals, concerning the bringing 
in of Bills, di Dit in Diem, into the Houfe, nor 
yith the reading and paiUng them ; inftead there- 
of wc fhall fubjoin Lord Heriert's Extracts of the 
Statutes made by ihis Pailiamenti obferving only. 
That tho' that Noble Hiftorian puts the AS of 
Sacceflion firft in his Account, yet it ftands only 
the feventh in the Statute Botiis' ; and it was not 
till the 13th Day of their Sitting that the Bill was ^ 


p-hy Google 

124 The Parliamentary History 

K. Baijym. brought into the Houfc of Lords by the Lord- 
Chanccllor. It U eafily feen by fome Expreffiona 
in the A&, very agreeable to the Speech at the 
Opening, who had the chief Hand in the penning 
and direding of it. Lord Hirbtrt proceeds thus : 
A new Aft of * '^^^ principal Adl made this Parliament was, 
SncaflioD in her touching the Succcffion of the Crown ; in which. 
Favour, after a Rehearfal of the Statute 25 Htnry VIII. 22. 

touching the King's Marriage, and Limitation of 
Succeflion to the Crown ; and another of 26 //m- 
ryVIII. 2. it is declared. That whereas a Marriage 
was heretofore folemnized betwixt the King's High- 
refs and the Lady Atfiti Boleyit, that fince that 
Time, certain juft, true, and lawful Impediments 
of Marriage, unknown at the making of the faid 
Afls, were confelTed by the faid Lady Anne before 
Thcmashoii Archbi(hoporC<tRf«r^iir;>; by which 
it plainly appeareth, That the faid Marriage betwixt 
his Highnefs and the faid Lady Anni was never good 
nor confonant to the Laws ; and therefore his 
Highnefs was lawfully divorced from the faid Lady 
jfmie. Moreover, that Ibe, and her Accompiicts 
before- mentioned, were conviiaed by due Courfe of 
Law, and have fufTered according to their Merits. 
' And whereas it hath pleafcd his Highnefs, not- 
wlthllanding the great Perils fulTered by Occaiion 
of his firll unlawful Marriage betwixt the Lady 
Kathtrint, and this unlawful Marri^e betwixt the 
Lady Annif at the moll humble Petition of his 
Nobles in this Realm, and for Confervation of the 
fame, to enter into Marriage again with the Lady 
Jam, according to the Laws of the Church ; and 
that there is Hope ftie may conceive by his High- 
nefs, that it is the moft humble Petition ot his 
Nobles and Commons, that, for Extinguifhment 
of all Ambiguities and Doubts, it may be enabled 
in Manner and-Form as followeth : And, fifft,That 
the Marriage betwixt the King and Queen Kafh(- 
rine fliould be void and of noEffc£t; as being 
grounded on a Difpenfation, in a Cafe not difpen- . 
fable by human Authority ; and fo determined by 
the whole Clergy and both Univerfitics of this 
Realm i 

■ I,, Google 

0/ E N G L A N D. isj 

Realm; asalfbbythcUniverlities ofBononiot Pa-R. HnrrVUl. 
dua^ Paris, Orlians, Thohuft, jfnjtUy and divers 
others ; in regard (he, being Wife to his elder Bro- 
therf Prince Arthur, was carnally known by him, 
as was fufficiently proved before Thomas Archbi- 
fliop of Cantirbiiry \ and therefore that any Dif- 
penfation to the contrary hereof Ihould be, to alJ In- 
tents, void and of no KSeSt, and the llTue, procrea- 
ted under the fame unlawful Marriage betwixt his 
Highnefs and the faid Lady Katberitu, to be illcgi- 
tiniate^ and barred from claiming any Inheritance 
from his Highnefs by lineal Defcent : Alfb that the 
Marriage betwixt his Highnefs and Queen Anne 
is of no Value, nor EfFeiB; ; and that the Divorce 
made between his Highnefs and her is good and 
cffefhial ; and the liTue illegitimate and not inherit- 
able to his Highnefs by a lineal Defcent ; any 
former A£t to the contrary notwithAanding. 

* And furthermore, fmce many Inconveniencies 
have fallen by marrying within Degrees prohibited 
by God's Law, (which Marriages yet have been 
often difpenfed with by fome ufurped Power, when 
ret no Man hath Power to difpenfe with God's 
Liaw) therefore it was enafted, That if any were 
married within the faid Degrees, or took to Wife 
the Sifter or Daughter, i^c. of her whom he had 
before carnally known, he might and Ihould be 
feparated by the dcEnitive Sentence of the Arch- 
bithops, and other Minifteis of the Church of Eng- 
land : And their faid Sentence to be good and ef- - 
feftual, without fuing any Appeal to or from the 
Court of Rome. 

• Further, it was enafled, That the Iffiie betwixt 
his Highnefs and Queen yant Ihould be his lawful 
Children and Heirs, and inherit, according to the 
Courfe of Inheritance of the Laws of this Realm, 
the Imperial Crown of the fame, with all Dignities, 
Honouis, Preheminences, Prerogatives, Autho- 
rities, and Jurifdi^ions to the fame annexed or 

' Butifitlbould happen that Queen Jjfufhould 

deceafc without IjTue Mate of the Body of his 


■ i>,Got)^lc- 


126 The Parliamentary 'HhTQTLY 

K. Hinrj VIU. HIghnefs to be begotten, then the Tame Imperial 
Crownr and all other the Premiffes, to be to his Ma- 
jefty, and to his Heirs Male by any other lawful 
Wife, and to the Heirs of the Body of the fame Son 
and Heif Male lawfully begotten \ and fo from 
Son and Heir Male to Son and Heir Male, and to 
the Heirs of every fuch Son and Heir Male lawfuUj- 
begottcn, according to the Courfe of Inheritance aa 
is abovefaid. And for Default of fuch Iffue Male, 
then the faid Imperial Crown and Premiffes Ihould 
be to the Iffue Female betwixt his Majefty and 
Queen Jane begotten, and fo again to the IfTue 
Female by any other Wife in like Manner j that is 
to fayt to the eldeft IlTue of the iffue Female, and 
to the Heirs of her Body lawfully begotten i and 
fo from Iffue Female to Iffue Female, and to their 
Heirs of their Bodies, one after another, by Courfe 
of Inheritance, according to their Ages, as the 
Crown of England hath been accuftomed and 
ought to fucceed and go, in Cafe when there ii 
Heir Female inheritable to the fame. And foraf- 
much as it ftands in the only Will and Pleafure of 
Almighty God, whether his Highnefs fliatl have 
Heirs, and that if they fail, and no Provifion be 
made in his Life who Ihould govern this Realm, 
that then this Realm, after his tranfitory Life, Ihould 
be deftiiute of a lawful Governor, or incumbered 
with fuch a Perfon that would covet to afpire to 
the fame, that in this Cafe, his Highnefe might 
limit the Crown to any Perfon or Perfons in Pof- 
fcflion and the Remainder by bis Letters Patent 
under the Great Seal, or eife by hisLaft Will, fign- 
cd with his Hand, after fuch Manner as Ihould be 
expreffed in his faid Letters Patent ; and that fucb 
Perfon and Perfons {hould have and enjoy the fame 
after his Deceafc, in as large and ample Manner as 
the lawful Heirs of his Body Ihould have done. 
ThellTueoribe ' After which. Order was taken to prevent 
Qiiwns ATflfi.. Ufurpation of the Crown, and the Penalty of High 
Treafon impofed on Ufurpers, as on ihofe alfo who 
believed either the Marriage of bis Highnefs with 
the Lady Katberintf oj the Lady jJme, to be good'; 


Iceland illegiti' 

fl/ E N G L A N D. 127 

and did call the Lady Mary or the Lady Ell^ahtth^ Scnrj Viil. 
legitimate, and who ufed certain Words and Actions 
tending to this Purpofe; as is to be feen moic 
largely in the faid Statute. 

* Furthermore, it was enaded,That if hisMajefly 
Jhould deceafe before any Heir Male of his Body, 
inheritable to the Crown of this Realm, fhould be 
of the Age of eighteen Years, or any Heir Female 
which Ihould be inheritable as aforefaid, fliould be 
married, or be of Ihe Age of lixceen Years, that 
then they, or any of them, ihall be and remain, 
untiil they came unto the faid feveral Ages, at ind 
jn the Governance of their natural Mother, and 
fuch otherhis Counfellors and Nobles of his Realm* 
as his Highnefs Ihould name and appoint by hisLaft 
Will in Writing, and figned with his Hand, »a 
is afwefaid ; and that an Oath fhould be admint- 
flered for Performance of this Afl, and the Penalty 
of High Treafon inili£lcd on thofe that fliatl refulc 

' Furthennore, it was enaftcd. That the I^ina; 
fliould have Power, by his Letters Patent or Laft 
Will as aforefaid, to advance any Perfon or Perfons 
of his mod Royal Blood to any Title, Stile, or ' 
Name, of any Kftate, Dignity, or Honour, and to 
|lve to them, or any of them, any Cafllea, Honours, 
Lands, (^c. in Fee<Simple, Fee-Tail, or for 
Term of Lives, or the Life of any of them, faving 
the Rights and Eftates of all others in and to the 

' Finally, it was enacted. That every C'aufe, ' 

Article, and Sentence therein fhould be taken and 
accepted according to the plain Words thereof. 
How yet This Aa was altered 35 Henry Vlll. i. 
fhall be declared by me, God willing, in this Hif- 
tory ; referring the Reader to I Mary I. when it 
Was repealed.' 

The Noble Hiftorian ^ here ftops to moralize a Rnmrki on the 
little on the Condudt of thisParliament; particularly faid. AQ, 
io regard to this Ai^ of Succeffion. He fays, he has 
thoti Firiin in Kinnt, Vol. U. p. too. 

p:hy Google 

128 The Parliamettfary HisToRV. 

Kt/inrjiVllI, given a much larger Abftra£t from this Statute thafi 
any before, that it may appear to the Reader with 
how high a Hand the Kingdid authorize his Adlioai, 
whilfl each Part of the Government ju(tilied the 
other : For, adds he, all the Subjects' Voices being 
comprehended in theParliainent,no Man could ac- 
cufe the King, who did not in fome Sort condemn 
himfelf. So, if there was no Reafon for thefe two 
Divorces, the Chiefs of the Kingdom joined in the 
fame Error with him i unlefs, continues our Au- 
thority, fome ill Arts with the Nobility, and fome 
unfair Praflices, in the Eledion of Knights and 
Butgefies, may beftippofed; which, by what he had 
feen, there may be Caufe to fufpe^l in fome; yeti 
to believe a general Corruption in the Firft Perfons 
of the Kingdom, what is it elfe but to fubvert the 
very Columns and Foundations of Laws } 

That zealous Proteftant, Mr. Foxt^ in his Cen- 
fures on the Condbift of this Parliament, in regard 
to this Ai5), and their loading his Heroine Queen 
Jtnne with fuch fcandalous Afperfions, fays, * That 
he ' cannot but wonder why this Parliament 
fbould repeal and declare the fatne Marriage un- 
lawful, which they, themfelves, but three Years 
before, had voted good and valid. But he much 
more wonders why the faid Parliament, not 
only pronounced the Invalidity of the Marriage, 
but, hot content with that, would further proceed 
to charge the Lady with fuch carnal Defircs of 
her Body, as to mifufe herfelf with her own natu- 
ral Brother, the Lord Rechford, and others : 
Which Thing, adds he, is fo contrary to all Na- 
ture, that no Man of Reafon can believe it. He 
therefore fuppofes that it was fome hidden Trick 
of State, fomented and encouraged by the Papifls i 
coniidering what a mighty Stop She was to their 
Proceedings, and a {Irong Bulwark: for thei Main- 
tenance of ChriJI's true Religion. For which 
Reafon he concludes, that thisChriftian and de- 
vout Deborah could want no Enemies amongft 

1 Ftxt't Mt ami IHtiamiirsi Vol, II. p. gSB. 

p-hy Google 

tf E N G LAND, 129 

fucfi a Number of Philiftituf, both within aDdK.MnBjTm. 
without the Realm.' 

BiOiop Burnet " oWcrves, That many <]ueftic»ied 
the Validity of this A£t ; atid the Seals faid, Tliat the 
SucceffioD to the Crown was not within the Par- 
liament's Power to determine about it ; but miift 
go, by Inheritance, to their King, if King Henry 
died without IlTue. It had one good El^tSt, how- 
ever, Unce it helped much to pacify the Emperor, 
when he heard that his Kinfwoman, Afaty, was, 
iho' not rcftorcd in Blood, yet piN in a Capacity 
to fucceed to the Crown. 

Dr. Heylin has made an Obferration on a Claufe 
in this A6t, not fo much as uken Notice of by Lord 
Herbtrtt or copied by Bilhop Burnet j hut which. 
We think, defetves a particular Recital " : 

* Htnry had one natural Son, begotten of the 
Lady Talbeisr much cherilhed by his Father} 
whom, at fix Years of Age, he created Earl of 
Nottingham, and, foon after, Dulce of Richmtni 
and SomtTfet, Earl-Marfbal of England, and 
Knight of the Garter. At fixteen Years old he 
was made Lord-High -Admiral, in an Expedition 
againll France ; and a Match was concluded be- 
tween this Youth and the Lady Mary^ Daughter 
\aThamas Howard, Duke of Norfolk^ at that Time 
the moft powerful Subje£t in the Kingdom. Nor 
were thefe all the Favours his indulgent Father 
intended him j for the Crown itfclf was designed 
for him, in Cafe of Failure of any other lawful '' 

IfTue from the King : For, in the Aft of Succef- 
fion, now pafled, that Claufe which enables 
Henry, for want of fuch lawful Heirs, to difpoTe 
of the Crown by Letters Patent, or by Will, 
to any -other Pcrfon or Pcrfons, iJc. was plainly 
defigned in Favour of this ydung Prince. But all 
thefe Precautions were in vain \ for the Duke died, 
at the Age of feventecn Years, a few Days after 
the ending of this Parliament, to the extraordinary 
Grief of his- Father.' 

Voi,.m. I At 

B Rif>rmtlk„, YoUI. p. III. 

s Hijlin't Bifiorj eftbt Re/matriiii, p. fit 


jjo lie Parliamentary History 

X-JSm^vUI. At th'uTImea new Propofiil came from Romtf 

The Pope feeki '**' * Reconciliation between Henry and H0I7 

■ Retonciliition Church. The Interval fcemcd very favourable to 

with theKiog, it} for Queen Katheritu and Anne being both dead, 

who were the Occaflon of the Rupture, the Court 

of Retne judged this a proper Opportunity to effed 

it. Accordingly the Pope fent a Mellage to the 

King, to let him know* * .That he had ever favour- 

• cd his Caufe in his Pxedeceflbr's Time i and tho' 
' be was forced to give out a Sentence againft bim, 
< yet he had never any Intention to proceed upon 

* tt to further Extremities.' 

How this MelTage was received, may be fully 

known by two A£ts which the ICing procured to be 

Which it Ttjc£l> immediately patTed upon it, in this Parliament ; by 

^' which all Hopes of a Reconciliation were entirely 

cut off between them : For a Bill was brought into 

the Houfe of Lords, for utterly abolifhing the 

ufurped Authority of the Bifliop oiRame, on the 4th 

Day of yulj, which foon after palTed both HouTcs. 

The Preamble to which ASt contains thefe fevere 

Reflexions : 

* The Bifhopof Seme, whom fome call the Pope, 

t^r^MiO^ * whohadlongdarken'dGod'sWord,thatit might 

ingthePipil ' ferve his Pomp, Glory, Avarice, Ambition, and 

Power. * Tyranny,bothupontheSouls, Bodies, andGoods 

* ofallChriAianS} excluding Cirirf out of the Rule 

* of Men's Souls, and Princes out of their Domi- 

* nions : And had exacted in England great Sums 

* by Dreams* Vanities, and other fuperftitious 

* Ways. Upon thefe Reafons his Ufurpation had 

* been,hyLaw, putdowninthisNationj yet many 

* of his Emiilaries had been pradifing up and down 

* the Kingdom, and perfuading People to acknow- 
■ ledge his pretended Authority. Therefore every 
« Pcrfon (o offending, after the laft Day of Julf 

* next to come, was to incur the Pains of a Pra- 

* munire ; and all Officers, both Civil and £ccle- 

* flaftical, were commanded to make Inquiryabout 

* fuch Offences, under fevere Penalties.' 

The other Blow made at the Pope was by ano- 
ther Afl paffed, that ' Whereas the Popes had, 
' during 

p-hy Google 

tf ENGLAKO. 13* 

* during their Ufurpalion, grxntccl many I[nmuoi-K.fin*7^'UIi 
'ties to feveral Bodies and Societies in England, 

' which, upon fuch Grants, had been now long in 
' Ufc : Thetefore all thofe Bulls, Breves, jnd 

* every Thing dcpendingon, ot flowing from them, 

* were declared void and of no Force : YA all 

* Marriages celebrated by Virtueof them, that were 
' not othetwife contrary to the Law of God, were 

* declared good in Law ; and all Confecrations of 

* Bifliops,byVirtueof them, were confirmed: And, 

< for the future, all who enjoyed any Privileges by 

* Bulls, were to brmg them into ChanCery, or to 

* fuch Perfons as theXing {hould appoint for that 
' £fld. Moreover, the ArchbifliDp of Canterbury 

* was empowered to grant a-new the £ffc£b con- 

< taioed in them ; which Grant was to pafs under 
' the Great Seal, and to be of fiill Force in Law/ 

This Statute was a great Stroke at the AbboU ?•«*'*' '•«««4l 
and their Ri^ts i but they were glad to fuffer alS^f^"" 
Diminution of their Greatnefs, rather than part 
with their Al), which now lay at Stake. 

By the ijth ASt they correfled an Abufc whick 
had crept in, to evade the Force of a Statute made 
in the 2ifl Year of this K;ng, about Priefts reCding 
on their Livings. One Qualification that did excufe 
tiiem from Relidence, was their ftayUig at the Unt- 
verfity for compleating their Studies. Now it was 
found that many difTolute Clergymen Went and lived 
at the Univerfities, not for Study, but to be excufed 
from ferving their Cures : Therefore it was enaft- 
ed, That none above the Age of Forty, who were 
not either Heads of Houfei, or public Readers, 
fliouldhave any Exemption of Refidcnce, by Virtue 
<rf that Claufe in the former Aft ; and all thofe 
under that Age fhould not have the Benefit of it, 
except they were prefent at Lefturcs, and perform- 
ed their ExercifcB in the Schools. 

There are no lefs than fifty-two Titlra, In the 
Journal!, of the hSt% pafled this Seflion, feveral of 
which refer to the Exchange of Lands between the 
King and others ; which Lands may be well pre* 
fumed to be Part of the PofTeffions which belonged 

.■!>»■ Google 

iji the parliamentary History 

K^BtmjVm. to the new-difiblved Monafteries. The printed 
Book of Statutes mentions no more than eighteen 
AGtt ; the moft rcfflarluble of thofe that are omit- 
led are thefe ; 

An ASt concerning the AQiirance of a Jointure 

to Queen Jmu> 

Smw Afii of An Aft of AtUinder againft Thamaj FitxgtraU, 

AUM>d«(riW.(,f j}je Kingdom of Inland, and five of his Uncles. 

Another h& of Atta'uider of Themas Lord 


An AA exprelTmg, That all the Statutes which 
ihall be made, during the Non-age of the King's 
Succeflbrs, fliall be'made void by them, if it Ihall 
feera convenient, when they come to full Age. 

This lafthathaTitlc in iheprintedStatute- Book; 
but was fuch an extraotdinary Stietch of the Pre- 
rogative, that it was thought proper to repeal it in 
the very firll Year of the next Reign : For by this 
it was provided, * That whatfover aBh were made 
'before his Succeflbrs were twenty-four'Y ears of 
• Age, they might, at any Time of their Lives 
Anextnoraini'- • after, repeal and annul by their Xiettera Patent ; 
In ^'of th^ ' **''*^*' '^o"''' 'is^* «q"3l Force with a Repeal by ■ 
Prtiwitiit. * * A& of Parliament. 

The firft of the Ads of Attainder was levelled 
againft Thamaa Fitzgerald, Son to the Earl of KU- 
dare, who had raifed a Rebellion in Ireland, mur- 
mured the Archbilhop of Dublin, and forced the 
Citizens there to admit his Soldiers to befiege the 
Caftle; he writ alfo to the Pope to make him 
King of Ireland. Being at length overpowered, 
he fubmitied ; but was afterwards hanged atTj^urn, 
with his five Uncles. 

The next AQ. " to attaint Thomas Lord UMoardy 
was made upon a quite different Occafion. This 
Nobleman was the youngeft Son to the late Duke 
of Nerfili, and Brother to the prefent Duke ; and 
having an amorous Intrigue with the Lady Mar- 
garet Dmglasy Daughter to the Queen of Scots, and 
o The Bill wii bronght into the Houfe of Lordi the lift Diy 
of thii Parliament, by the Lord-ChanceUor, read thiicS in one Dar> 
•nd pitied the liuneDiv by tbceommoDi, Bn- 

.:i>, Google 

Sf E N G L A N D. ijj 

King H^Mffs Niece, had fo far gained the yootigK, BivjVm, 

Lady's Af&^on, that there was aa a&ual Contra^ 

of Marriage between them. Henry, hearii^g of this, 

was much incenfed that a private Subjefi^as it wei^ 

Ihould dare to think of marrying a Frincefs, who 

Was Half-Siftec to the King of Scats, and his own 

Niece; he therefore had him attainted, and'com- 

mitted them both to the Tower. There the faid 

Lord Howard died, but the Lady was fet at Li> 

berty, and afterwards proved the Mother of the 

prefent Race of Siuartt. This A&ir, however, 

produced an AA of Parliament, made this SeffioUf 

which bears this Title : 

* That it &all be High-Trcafon for any Man^ 

* to efpoufe, marry, or take to Wife, any of the 

* King's Children, being lawfully born, or other- 
' ways commanty reputed for his Children ; or 
' any of the King's Sifters or Aunts; on the Part 
' of the Father, or any of the lawful Children of 

* the Kings's Biethien ac Sifiers ; or to contra^ 
' Matrimony with any of them without the King's 
' Licence firft had under the Great Seal ; or to de- 
' flower any of them being married. The Woman 

' fo oiFending to incur the like Danger.' The A^ ' ' 

was repealed i Edward VI. and the firft of Queen 
Mary ; the Reafons for which will appear in the 

This Parliament havlngdifpatched a great deal 
of BufiDcfs in a very little Time, on July the 18th, 
the King came to the Houfe, in order to pafs the 
Bills that were ready far the Royal Aflent ; and 
the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons made ano- 
ther Oration to him, as full of Flattery as the lad } 
only, as in the former, he compared the King to S»' 
lmaB,Samp/en, Aai JJ>/aUm, ioTWiCdoaifStiengiliif 
and Peifon^c, he now likened him to the Sun : 
' For as the Sun, fays he, exhales all the noxious 

* Vapours which would otherways be hurtful to us, 

* and by its Heat cheriflies and brings forth tho& 
' Seeds, Plants, and Fruits, necclTary for the Sup- 
- port of human Life ; fo this our moft excellent 

I 3 * Prince 

■ I,, Google 

tj4 ^^ Parliamentary History 

ILOvf vni. « Prince takes awaji by hia Prudence, »11 thofe E- 

* normities which may hereafter be any ways hurt- 

* full to us and our Pofterity ; and takes Care to 
*ena£t Tuch Laws as mil be a Defence to the 

* Good, and a great Terror to Evil-doers' 

Tlw PiilUnunt The Chancellor replied to this Harangue mach 
WW™'« in the fame Words as to the former ; and then, by 

the King's. Command, he difToIved the Parliament: 
Exhorting the Members that they would all take 
Care to obferve the Laws then made, and fee them 
obferved by others. 

BiQiop£»r«r/ remarks on the Proceedings of this 
Parliament, That it plainly appears that the King 
. was abfolule Mafter both of the Afleflions and Fears 
of his Subjedls, when, in anew Parliament called 
on 3 fuddcn, and in a Seflion of fix Weeks, from 
y«w the 8th to 5'«6' *e iSth, Afts of fo great Im- 
portance were pafled, without any Proteft or public 
Oppofition ^. 

But the great Work of a thorough Reformation 
wasnotyet compleated ; that is, thelargerMona- 
fteries were not difTolved, whofe Revenues the Lay- 
Courtiers were greedily gaping for. Htnry had now 
got a fit Inftrument for that Purpofe, in the Peifon 
ofThomas Cromwell, a Blackfmith's Son of Putney^ 
but who, by his great Learning and Abilities, was 
iirllrmade Mailer of the Jewel-Houfe, then Baron 
of Okeham, afterwards Earl of EJfex^ Lord-Greafr 
Chamberlain,and Vicar-Generaloverthe Spiritua- 
lities. This Man being now Prime Miniller, in, 
his old Mader Cardinal Wolfty'a Place, perfuaded 
the King, who was ready enough to comply, to pull 
CmraillfTo- ^own the larger Ahbies and Monaderies; thefmal- 
pofes theSup- ler, under the Value of 200/. a Year, having been 
F"'^"Ahbi''"' '"Ppff fl^d- Ijcforc. And tho' fome Remonflrrances 
^f" "' were made tq the contrary, that a few might be 
rpared,as well forthe Virtue of thePerfons in them^ 
as that the Country receiv'd great Benefit from them, 
the Poor receiving thence Relief, and the richer 
Sort Education for their Children ; yet, fays Lord 
Herbert ', Cromwell^ by the King's Permiffion, in- " 

1 Bumit't Reftrmalisn, Vol. I. p, xli. 
f Kainel, Vol, II, p. 117. 

■ i>» Google 

ff ENGLAND; 13^ 

■vaded all ; and, betwixt Threats, Gifts, Perfuafions, K. Utvj Viii« , 
Promifes, and whatever elfe might make Men wa- 
ver, he obtained of the Abbots, Priors, Abbefles,£^f. 
that their Houfes might be given up. But an ab- 
foluteHight to thcfePoITeffions was not warranted 
yet by Law ; and thererore Htnry called a Parlia- 
ment to eflablilh it. They were fummoned, by 
Writ, to meet at Wtftminfitr on the 28th Day of 
Jprll^ in the 31ft Year of this Reign. The firft 
Writ of Summons is directed to Tbemas liOrd 
Cromwell, our Vicar-General in Spiritualities. 

The^a«7"B«/-Bfloi begins this Parliament in a very*"** P"'t«' 
folemn and pompous Manner ; fori after enumera- ^SJ^^ fy, 
ting the King's Titles, it goes on thus : that Purpofe, 

jtdLaudim fs* Ghriam Dei Omnipstiatit ; Hma-^— *^ 3»» 
r/ffl, Decorem, Pacem, ^uitttm, Trariquilitatem, St- 'S**** 
curitatem^ tf ReformattBntm tatiui Regni^ Rtipubli- 
ca, iJ Ditianis Anglicanie; in Nemint fauUte fJ 
individute Trinitatis, Patris t^ Filii ilf Spintui 
Sanifitpofi Mi^rum Sa/tmpnia dmuUrae devtte ct- 
Itbrata, divlnt Auxilia bumiilimt impUrata ii inva- 
eato. Die, videlicet Lunx, vicejfmo oSfavo Menjit 
ApriliS) y*". 

S'liPf^illlam Dugdale has preferved the Order of 
Froceffion made by the King and the Lords, from Their SaUsmn 
the Palace at Wtjiminjier, to £e Abbey ; every Peer, Proceffioa. 
both Spiritual and Temporal, in his Parliament- 
Robes, to hear the Mafs of the Halj Gbafty in the 
Abbey Church aforefaid, iSc. This, for the Rarity 
of it, merits a Place in thefe Inquiries j as alfo a 
Lift of the whole Houfe of Peers at this Time ; 
fince it is the laft we meet with, where the Spiri- 
tual and Temporal Lords, Abbots included, fat 
together in an Englijh Parliament, or, in alt human 
Probability, ever will do. The ProceiEon was as 
/otlows ' : 

Firft, All Gentlemen and Efquires. 

Knights and Bannerets. 
Serjeants at the Law, and Julllces. 
Abbots, Bifliops, and Archbifliops. 
Lord-Chambeilain of England, the Earl of Suffix, ■ < 
The Lord-Chancellor of £fi£/<jfli^. ™.. 

t Dugdalix Skamm it P»rlie»cn(, p. 501. 

p:hy Google 

^jfi The Parliamentary Histokv 

K. Btarj vin. The Lord-Marflial of England, then Duke of JVfljff 
folk, with his Rod. 
Garter before him in (he King's Coat. 
Then the King's SWord, borne by the £atl of 


The Cap of Maintenance, borne by the Duke of 


Then the King's Highncfs. 

And} after his Grace, Sa the other Eftates ; as, 
Dukes, MarquilTes, Eails, Vifcounts, Barons, with 
others, after their Degrees, in Order, two and two, 
after their Antienties on Horfeback, in their Robes, 
unto the King's Lighting- PI ace i where the Abbot 
tiiWeflmmJlir^ in Peniificalibus,w\t\\ all the Church 
met the King. And Irom thence, in liice Order, 
every Man proceeded on Foot to the Quire, fave 
the tail of 0*/irrf Lord-Chamhcrlain of England^ 
to bear his Grace's Train, affifled by the Vicc- 

Sir Anthony Wingfitldy for Default of my Lord- 
Chambetlain, of the King's Houfhold. 

JVo/<,That the King's pleafufewas,that Sir>/«- 
thony Browne, the Ma^erof the Horfe, tobearhis 
Train to the Church ; and the Gentlemen of the 
Efquirie about his Grace. And the Captain Of the 
Guard after the Temporal Lords, the Guard fol^ 
lowing on each Side the Way. 

And after that his Robes be ofF, in Coming down 
from the Parliament-Chamber ; then the Dukes 
and Earls, Vice-Chamberlain and Mafler of the 
Horfe, to come next his Grace. 

And then the King's Grace fits in his Place 
Koyai ; the Lords Spiritual on the North-fide, and 
the Lords Temporal on the South-fide ; fave the 
Archbilhop of Tork, the Bilhop of Durham, and 
Carlijki on the Temporal Side. 

And fo Mafs of the Holy Ghoji Xohtgm, executed 
by the Bifhop of Carlijle, affiftcd by two Abbots itf 

And, attheGofpel-Time,alI the Lords Spiritual 

and Temporal to go out of the Quire, and place 

them in femblable Order of their Sides, as before 


■ by Google' 

j/- E N G L A N D. ,jy 

fxtmen ibe Gofpel-Time ; all the Spiritual Lords K,at«jVW. 

^d Temporal to go out of the Quire« and place 
them in feinb|ablc Order of their Sides, u bd^re, 
betwene the King's X'wws and the Quire, fave 
only fljch 21 attended op the King's Highneft a^ 
the Offcring-Titpe ; and lb remained in their faid 
Places during the Ma&, and then propceded in Itkf 
Order to the Parliament-Chamber, where every 
Man was placed according to thnr Seats and Dcr 
grees, and there tarried during the King's Pleafure, 
And fq, all Things thus ordered, the Lord-Cham- 
berlain declared nie Caufes and Intent of their Af* 
fembly in the Partiament-Cbamber : Which done« 
ibe King's Highnefs, with all the other Lords, 
Spiritual and Tenipgral, put off their Robes, and 
in like Order proceeded, on Horfeback, attending 
on tlie King's Highncfs, in Manner following: 
FirA, Gentlemen, Efquires, Knights. 
Serjeants at Law- 
fhe Comptroller and Trcafurer of the King'4 
Al>I>ots, Bilhops, Barons. 
The Archblfilops of Yeri and Caalerhury, > 

The Lord- Chancellor, with the Lord-Chamber* 
lain of Engltrnd. 
The Duke of Supli. 
The Duke of NarftH, Lord-Marfbat of Eiiland. 
The ^3tI of Shrewjhury bearing the King's Sword. 
Then the King's Highncfs, and about his Grace 
the Footnten, and eight Gentlemen of the 
Following next. Sir Anthony Wlngfitld, Vice- 
Chamberlain, and Sir Anibony Brnwm^ Maltcc 
of the King's Horfe. 

After whom aii the King's Guard of each Side 

the Street unto the Palace-Gate, where every Mail 

lighted from their Horfes, and entered in like Orr 

tier after their Degrees, favc that the Dukes and' 

"^- " " " Earls 

■ I,, Google 


The Parliamentary Historv 

I^Amj VIU. Earls followed the King, two and two, attendinf 
to his Chamber ; and then his Grace, with ul 
Otfaen, went to Dinnet. 

The Lift of the King, Bifhops, Abbots, and 
Lords, as they (at in the Houfe tether* ftznds in 
this Manner in the Journals * ; 

Thp King. 

The Archbifliop of Cm- 

Jhc £iihops of 







St. David'if 
St. jlfapb, 
The Abbots of 


St. jfltatt't, 

St. Edmundhuryy 

St. Mary'stTari, 






St. Jobriy CtUhtftr, 










Tavijack % 
The Archbifliop of Yeri, 
BiOiops of 


^hamas Lord Audlej, of 
Waldent Chancellor of 
Treafurer of Eagiandy 
Cbarlts Duke of Sufolky 
Steward pf the Houfe- 
Thai^at Marqiiis oiDer- 


1 in fotne Nimei 

t ThisI>iflt3C0inpiredwithIli';Jd/('!, ' 
■ lul Addition!. Dligdalc't SunmniuParasmiTii, g. ^u.. 

• Befide. ihefe, the Abbol! of Si. Btn«ti of Hji/ib, BerJjif, 
jibixgdc, Baiitil. Hide by ff'inibrfiir. Si. Auptpinc in UMirbwyt 
and Cnaitrj, had (he fime Ptivileje, but their Abblei wtre pr()bii> 
Uf given op bcfoic |hii Meetiog, oi the Abbou dpd. 

■ i>, Google- 

0/ ENGLAND; ,3^ 

yohn Earl of Oxford, ff^lttamLotd Deert, tSK-BttrjVUU 

Great-Chambcrla'mof GilUJIand, 

Englandt George Breoit, Lord Cai- 

JTilliam Earl of South- ham, 

fimpton, jLord'High- Henry Fit^^AU^j L(tfd 

Admiral of England, Maltravers^ 
WilHamY.Ax\oS ArundiU, Walter Devereux^ Lon) 
Ralph Earl of Pp^ejirnore- Ferrers, 

land, Edward Gray, Lord 

Francis Earl of Sbrewf- Poms, 

bury, Wiliiam Lord Graj^ of 

fJenry Earl of Efex, tTjlton, ■ 

^dtuard Earl of Derby, Edward Fenys, I<ord 
Htnry Earl of Warcefier^ Clinton, 
T'homas Earl of Rutland, "John Lord Scrppe, of 
lienry Earl of Cumber' Bolton, 

land, William Lord Stourtin^ 

Robert Earl of Sa^r, Tefin Lord Lumlej, 
George Earl of Hunting' Jaba Nevilt, Lord £«- 

. (/e», timer, 

John Earl of Sa/i, Charles Blount, Lord 

Edward Earl of ^iw/- Mountjoy, 

ford, Thpmas Stanley, Lqrd 

Henry Earl pf ^ridgwa- MounteagUt 

ter, JVifiiam Lord Sandys'^ 

vfrrAwr Vifcount Z^*, Lord Coityers, 

John Lord ^a^/, Ad- T^smflr Lord ^aa*. 

miral of England, Andrew Lord Ifindfor, 

yohnTouchetfLoiiAad- Thomas J-^oid Wenlv/ortb^ 

ley, Thomas Lord Brough, 

fohn Lord Zoueh, Edward Lord GriTf, 

Thomas Lord Delaware, Jihn Lord Mordaunt, 
Henry Parker, Lord Z^", Lord Hifngerford^ 

Morley, William Paulel, Lord 

Thomas Fiepnes, Lord ^r. JaAn, 

Dacre, William Lord Parre. 

The Lord-Chancellor's Speech, at the Opening 
of this Parliainenr, is wholly omitted in thcyaar- 
na/i, and there are only the Names of the Receivers 
and Triers of Petitiojis to It. Nor is there any 
^lention of the Name of a Speaker to the Uoule 


140 The Parliamentary Historv 

K. Baay VIII. of Commons ; but, by what will appear in the Sc- 
■ Sir NicHiiLAi 5"*^^' ^'■*"" ^*'* '*"^ Authority, we may put down 
llA»i, Spciku, Sir Nicbelas Hart, Knt. as chofen for that Office. 

On the 5th Day of May the Lord-Chancellor 

infornied the Houfe of Lords, ' That it was his 

A CowmiitM * ^^'i^'^y's Dcfire, above all Things, that the Di- 

ft[ Religion ip- * vcnities -of Opinions concerning, the Chiiltian 

fm*t*t ' Religion in this Kingdom, ihould be, with all 

* poilible Expedition, plucked up and extirpated: 

* And therefore, fuicc this Affair was of fo cxUaor- 
« dinary a Nature that it could not well be detcr- 

* mined in a Ihort Time, confidering their various 

* Sentiments, by the whole Houle, the King 

* thought it neceflary, if it feemed good to theihi 

* that they fliould chufe a Committee of thcm- 

* fclvcs, to examine into thefe different Opinions ; 

* and whatever they decreed concerning them might 

* be, with all convenient Speed, communicated to 

* the whole Parliament.' This was approved of 
by all ; and, with unanimous Confcnt, a Commit- 
tee was chofen to examine thefe Opinions, the 
Names and Titles of whom were as follow : Tia- 
pui Lwd Cromwell, Vicar-General; the Archbi« 
Q\o^q( Canterbury ; the Bifliops of fia/A and /r<f//f, 
Ely, Bangor, and Wercejler j the Archbifliop of 
York ; and the Bi&ops of Durham, and Carltjlt. 

And it was ordered that this Committee fhould 
~ have I/CavE to abfent themfelves from the Service of 
the Houfe, whilil they h;;d thefe Affairs under Con- 
fid erati on. 

The fame Day a Bill was brought into the Houfe, , 
by the Lord-Chancellor, for the Appointment of 
Seats, or Places, in that Allembly, for the King's 
Chief OfEcers, viz. the King's Vicar-General ir| 
PpirituaiUies, the Lord -Chancellor, Lord-Trea- 
iurer, and others, that from henceforth there might 
be no more Difpute aboiit them. Alfo another 
Bill was brought in, by which Religious Perfons, 
whofeMonafteries were diiTolved, might be enabled 
to inherit any L^nds and Teaeijiems which they 
>vere Heirs to. 


p -hyGoogle 



On the lOth of May the Vicar-General aforcfiid'^ ITnuj Vlll. 
brought another Bill into the Honfe, which was to 
attaint certain Traitors, lately found guilty and con- 
demned for High Trcafon. Thcfe were the late 
Marquis of Exeter^ the late Lord Mmtagut, Ed- 
ward Neviht and others, as the faid Bill more fully 
cxprefles. It was read twice in the Houfc that Oar> 
and then delivered to the Clerk of Parliament to be 
engroffcd on Parchment : After which the Lord- 
Tieafurer, in the Abfence of the Lord-Chancellor, 
adjourned the Houfe till the Day following. 

At which Time, the aforefaid Bill being read a 
ihird Time, the Vicar-General flood up in the 
Houfc, and fliewed openly a certain Habit, made of 
white Silk, which was found by the Lord-Admiral 
in the Linen Wardrobe belonging to the Countefs 
oiSdifiury : On the fore Part of which Garment 
was embroidered the Arms alone of England, vix. 
three Lions, furrounded with a Border of two dif- 
fcient Flowers, called Paunc'ts and Marigsldi, On 
the back Part of it was the Device which the Nor- 
thern Rebels lately ufed in their Infurreiftion '. 

We muft have Recourfe to the HiQory of thele 
Times for the Particularities relating to thefe two 
Afiatrs ; and Lord Herbert r informs us that Thomas 
Courtney, Marquis of Exeter, Son to Kalheriiu, 
Daughter to EduiarJlV, and coniequently Coulin- 
German to Henry; Hemy Peel, Lord Montacatti 
Sir Edward Nevile, Brother to Lord Abtrgavennyi 
with Sir Jeeffriy Peal, Knt. upon fecret Information 
given by the latter, that the reft had a Dcfign to 
promote and maintain one J!/fmii/iiPeei>, late Dean 
(^Exeter, and now the King's Knemy beyond Sea, 
and to deprive the King of his Crown. The two 
Lords were tried for the Fa3 before their Peers, 
Tbemai Lord Judley, for that Purpofe, titting as 
I On the SuppTcffion of the IcITet Monideiiet a Rebellion tegun 
firlLiii LiiUfliAin, hut wu foon i]<ui(he<l bj the Duke eS Norfill. 
Afterward! it broke out again, in a more formidable Manner, in Tark' 
fiin ind the other Nocthern Couniiei, The Slandaid they bore be- 
fore them wa> painted with the Bie Wounds of out Sividut, the Sign 
ottbe Sacrament, and JESUS wtitttninchcMidO ; the; dirdthem- 
HitttYitPiltrimtrttf Grail. Fun'*^iaiid agi, 
r Ki«Mt, Vol, II. F- aifi> V 

p-hy Google 

142 7^e TarUamenfary Historv 

K. /ftmy VUI. High-Steward of Mngland, and were both found 
guilw. Sir Edward NeviU, Sir Jeejrey Peple, two 
FrtcRs, and a Mariner, were alio arraigned, found 
, guilty, and Judgment given accordingly. - The two 
Lords and Ntvilt were beheaded ; the two PricAs 
The Marqnit of and Mariner were hang'd and quaiter'd at Tybumi 
MKttn,Ca<a^\t(i\,al^\i Jtoffrty, the Informer, was pardoned. 
«1k„ 'riSr'^ ^"f^e""' Counters of SaJifiury was Grand- 
wd cncnic^ Daughter to Gtorze Duke of Clartnce^ Brother t(i 
Edward IV. and Mother to Cardinal PmU afore- 
said '. This Lady, with Gtrtrude, Wife to ihc latp 
Marquis of Enettr^ Sir Adrian Forlejiue, and Sir 
Thames DingUy^ Knt. of St. Jehit, were, by the 
fame Authority, attainted this Parliament, though 
there Is no more faid of this Affair in the Jeurnai- 
Seti, nor any Notice at all taken of it in Che Statutes 
at Jargt. Againfl the two Ladies it was alledged. 
That they were both Accomplices with the Marquis 
of Exeter and other Traitors : That certain Bulls 
from Rome were found at Cswdrty^ a Seat belonging 
to the Countefs : That (he kept a Correfpondence 
with her Son the Cardinal : And that fhe forbad all 
herTenants to have the NewTeftament laEngliJb^ 
or any other Book the King had licenfed, in then: 
Houles. Againft Cardinal Ptote it was alledged. 
That hehadconfpired againft the King with theBi- 
Ihop oiRame, and had taken Preferment from him< 
For the other two, they were executed as Accom- 
plices; the Countefs's Death was not till twoYeais 
after, when fhe fuffered it with an hemic Courage, 
difdaining to lay her Head down on the Block as % 
Traitor, but told the Executioner he might get it 
off as he could ; then fhakine; her grey Head abouC 
every Way, for fhe was 72 Years old, the barba- 
rous Fellow was forced to chop it off in a very 
horrid Manner. Her Son, the Cardinal, was fac 
out of /iMr/s Reach; and though he earneftly re- 
quired him to be given up by all thofe Princes that 
had received him into their Dominions, yet he fur- 
vived all Henry's Purfuits-, and lived to make a great 
Figure in this Kingdom in a fucceeding Reign. 

3 Ktnut, pi Jig, tvj. 

D,g,t,7P:hyGoogle , 

o/ E N 6 L A N D. 143^ 

The Noble Hiftoriaii owns that both thefe iy-K.H«r;VHl. 
&irl are very dark, and that our Records lend us 
very liitte Light to illuftralc them. So that what 
Rcafons of State Henry might have to dellro^two 
fuch near Reladona, as the Marquis and Countefs p^^^^ ^^^^ 
were to him, mud be flill a Secret to all Poftetity.oa. 
This may be a Reafon why the Affair of the Cdun- 
tefs was kept out of the yeurnalsy isfc. except the 
Pageantry of CramweU's producing the Sur-Coat of 
Arms in the Houfe, which was but a poor Evi- 
dence, if they had nollrongcr, agamfther. Biihop 
Burnet otiferves *, That thefe, and other fuch A^ 
of Attainder, were of a flrange and an upheard-of 
Nature : That it is a Blemifh never to be wafli'd oS, 
and which cannot be enough condemned ; and was 
a Breach of the moft facred and unalterable Rules 
of Juflice, never to be excufed. Of this Way of 
attainting Perfons in CuAody without bringing 
them to a Trial, the Lord Chief Juftice Cekt thus 
writes, • Although I qucftion not the Power of the 

* Parliament,, without Doubt the Attainder fiahds 
' good in Law, yet this I fay of this Manner pf 

* Proceeding, Aaferat Oblivtv^ fi petiji; fi »«», 

* utrumque Silintium ttgat : For the more high 

* and abfolute the Jurifdi^tion of any Court is, the 

* more juft and honourable it ought to be in its Pro- 

* ceedings, in order to give Kxamplea of Juftice to 

* inferior Courts ".* 

The Frtnch Writer « of Eng!i_^ Hiftory tells us. 
That this Aft met with great Oppolition in the Par- 
liament; many objefting. That to condemn Per- 
fons unheard, was a Breach of the moft facred and 
unalterable Rules of Juilice, But that CramwiU, 
having fent for the Judges to his Houfe, alked them. 
Whether the Parliament had a Power to condemn 
Perfons accufed without a Hearing ? The Judges 
anfwercdj'Thatitwasa nice and adangerous Que- 

* ftion ; that Equity, JuHice, and all Sorts of Laws 

* required that the Accufed Ihould be heard ; that 

* howevetthe Parliament, being the Supreme Court 

* of 

- F.rMf'. Hifloy tfibi Rifimatin, Vgl. I, p, 359, 
■ h Ceh't ^ib U/iiule, 37, %, 
« Rifin, p. i*». 


»44 ^^ Patliatnetitary fJjsToftV 

K. Baitj Tili. « of the Realm, from which (here could be no A^* 

* pMl, the Validity of their Sentences, of what Na* 
ture foever they iWcre, could not be quellioned.' 
This, edds our Author, was only faying, in other 
Words, that the Parliament would therein commit 

. an Injuftice, for which they could not be called to 
Account. And Cremwell having reponed the 
Judges Opinions to the two Houfes, thefe two La- 
dies of the Blood Royal were condemned to die, 
by a Sentence which eftablifhed a Precedent, the 
oioft pernicious that had kvqx been known in Eng-' 
land, and which proved fatal to its Author in the 
Sequel.— —But to proceed with our Journal. 

On Tutfday the 13th Day ai May, and the 9th 
Day of the Sitting of this Parliament, the fatai Bill, 
for the' Fall of Abbies,Monallerics,^f.wa3 brought 
into the Houfe of Peers by the Lord-Chancellor 
Audley, The Title of the Bill was, ' Concerning 

* the EflablifRmtnt to the King's Msiefty, his. Heirs 

* and Succeflbrs, of all Manner gf Abbies, Priories, - 
- . * Monafteries, i^c, which had come into the King's 

* Hands, by reafon of the SuppreJBon, Reduction, 

* and finai Diflblution of them, on the 4th Day of 
' February, vfnna Regni 27.' This Bill was or- 
dered to be read afirftTimein theHoufe;and then 
bccaufe that the next Day the Clergy were to at- 
tend the Convocation, and the Day following was 
Afeinfiatt-Day, the Chancellor adjourned the Par- 
liament to Friday, at Eight o'Clock in the Morn- 
ing ; the ufaal Time fixed for their Meetings in 
thofe Days. 

This is the Title which the yaurnalSoek gives j 
but the A£t itielf is more explicit, and eitprefles' 

* That Lc;:fes of Manois belonging to Mona^eries,: 

* difTolved or to be difTolved, and afTured to the King, 

* ftiall take Effedt. That the King Diall hold, pof- 

* fcfs, and enjoy, to him, his Heirs and Succeflbrs 

* forever, all Monafteries, and Abbacies, Priories, 
•Nunneries, Colleges, Hofpicals, Houfes of Friers, 

* or other Religious and Ecclefialtical Houfes 

* and Places, which, fince the 4th of Ftbruary, 

* 27 Heary VIIL have beeii diflbtvcd, fupprefled, 

' renounced,. 


5/" E N G L A N D. • i+j 

* renounced, forfeited, or given up, or by any otberKiHrnr VUI. 

* Means come to his Htghnefs j or wbicfi uiall be 
' diflblved, i^e. As alfo all Manon, LordOiips,- 

* LandSjTenemcnts, Rights, Liberties,^ r. belong- 
' ing te them. All which, except Aich as came ay 

* Attainder of Treafon, fliall be under the Survey 

* andOovernment of the King's Court of Augmef^- 

* tation of the Revenues of the Crown. Other 

* Men's Titles yet faved.* 

Thus fell th&Monaftical PriefUiood in England. Tlii toed Sop- 
The Nomfaer of Monafteries diflblved, according ^^^"^^ 
to Spefd, Stowtt and Camdtn, amounted to 645 jbisi, ifi. • 
amongft which 27 had Votes, and fat in the 
Houfe of Lords as Mitred Abbots ; of College* 
were dcmoli&ed, in divers Shires, 90 ; of Chan- 
tries and free Chapels, feme Time after, 2374 1 
and of Hofpitals, ito. The yearly Income vi 
all amounting to 160,000/. being above a third 
Part o( ail the Spiritual Revenues tn the King- 
dom. This, added to the almoft immenfe Sums 
the King mufl: malce of all theit prefent Stock c€ 
Cattle and Corn, Timber, Lead, Bells, (:fe. but 
chiefly of their Plate, Jewels, and Church-OrnS'- « 

ments, of which are ItiU extant divers rich Inven- 
tories, mull be incredible. This Rapine upon the 
Church, as the Clergy had but too much Reafon to 
call it, with the miJerablc Ruin of Ihemfelves ami 
Houfes, was divulged abroad, in fuch Ternis, fays 
Lord Htrbert, as aftoniibed the whole Chriftian 
World : For tbo' the exce£ve Number of them, 
adds he, excufed the King in fome Part for the firft 
SupprelTion, this latter had no fuch fpecious Pretext; 
fo that, notwithftanding the King's Neceffities, no 
little Occafion of Slander and Obloquy was given 
by thefe violent Proceedings *. 

It may be obferved by thofe who will take the 
Pains to perufe this ASt, that it was drawn with 
great Care and Circumfpe^ion, to take off all Su- 
spicion of hard Ufagc and forced Surrenders, To 
make it pafs the better, a Profpeft of vaft Advantage ' 

was opened to the Subject. The Nobility were pro- 
- Vol. nr. K mifed 

* JCtibk, Vol. JI. p.aiB. 

p:hy Google 

146 7!5? Parliainentary History 

%,Mt*^yiSl, mjfed large Shares in the Spoils, as one Author* 
terms it j they either had a View to Free Gifts, 
eafy Purchafes, or vety advantageous ExchanjCET. 
TheGentry werepromifedaveryconfiderable Rife 
both in Honour and Eftate : Nor were they difap- 
pointed in their Expectations, for no fmall Part of 
ihc Abbey- Lands were granted to them before the 
Siitin? of this Parliament. This was done by the 
then Prime Minlfter CromwtU: He told the King 
that the parcelling thcfe Lands out to a great many 
Proprietors, was the only Way to clinch the Bufi- 
nefs, and make the Settlement irrevocable. And 
fuch it has hitherto proved ; for it may even novr , 
be obfcived, that moft of thofe Families who are, 
at prefent, pofiefled of the greaiefl Share of Abbey- 
Lands, £b^w the greateft Averfion to Popery, or 
any Thing that may in the leafl tend towards a 
Reftitution of them. To conclude this Digreffion, 
take what Lord Cake hath left us concerning the 
Minilter's Intrigues to bring about this great Aflair, 
in his own Words ' : 
* On the King's Behalf, faith this learned Gentle- 

* man, the Members of both Houfcs were informed 

* in Parliament, That no King or Kingdom were 
. * fafe, but where the King had three Abilities ; 

* Firji, To live of his own, and able to defend his 

* Kingdoms upon anyfudden Invafion or Infurrec- 

* tion. Stteniify, To aid his Confederates, othcr- 

* ways they would never affift him. Thirdly, To 
« reward his well-deferving Servants. Now the 

* Projefl was, if the Parliament would give unto 
' him all the Abbies, Priories, Frieries, Nunneries, 

* and other MonaAeries, that for ever, in Time 

* then to come, he would take Order that the fame 

* fhould not be converted to private Ufe j but, firjl, 

* That his Exchequer, for the Purpofcs aforefaid, 

* thould be enriched. Siceadlj, The Kingdom 
^ be ftrengthened by the Maintenance of 40,000 

* well-trained Soldiers, with fkilful Captains and 

* Commanders. Thirdly, For the Bcnelit and Eafe 


« DrgJaU'a Jfarviick/hirt, p, goo, 
■ fai.'«4'4Jn/?/««. Fol. 4+. 

p-hy Google 

ef ENGLAND. 147 

« of the Subjeii, who never after*ar(la (as wits pre- K- Hwy Vlll, 
^ tended) in any Time to come, Ihould be charg- 

* ed with Subfidies, Fifteenths, Loans, or otber 

* CbiDinon Aids. Fourthly, LeA ihc Honour of 
^ the Realm flioiild receive sny Diminution of it* 

* by the Oiflblution of the (aid Monallcriet, there 

■ being twenty-nine Lords of Parliament of the 

* Abbots and Priors (that held df the King ptr 

* Bamniam) that the King would create 8 Number 

* of Nobles. The faid Monafteries were given to 
' the King by (be Authority of divers A£h of Par- 

■ tiamenti but no Provifion Was therein made for 
' the /aid Prd^eA, or any Pait thereof j only, adfa- 

* titndum populutn, thefe PoiTeffions were given to 

* the King, his Heirs, and Succeflbrs, todoandufe 

* therewith his and their own Wills, u ibt Plta- 
*fure ef Almighty Gedt and tit Hmtw and Prafit 

* of tht Realm. 

* Now obferve the Gataflrophe. In the fame 

* Parliament of 32 Htttry VIIL when the great and 

* opulent Priory of St. Jihn's of yerufaltm was gi- 

* ven to the King, he demanded, and had, a Sub- 

* My both of the Laity and Clergy ; and the lilce 
< be bad in 34 Hiary VIIL and in 37 Htnry VIII. 

* he had another Sublidy. And iince the DilTolution 

* of the aforefaid Monalleriei, he exaded great 

* Loans, and againft Law received the fame.' 

May 1 6. Tht Duke of Nsrfali reported from * Rtpo" .'"« 
the Committee appointed to examine into the dif- ' fj^iii"^"** 
ferent Opinions in Religion, which were then ftart- " ^ 
k6 up in this Kingdom, That they had made no 
Progrefs therein, becaufe they were not in one Mind 
thcmftlves ; which fome of the Lords had obje£tcd 
to when they were firfl named ; therefore he 
thought it was bell that the fix following Articles 
Should be put to the Examination of the whole 
Parliament, and each Man to give his Opinion 
freely about them ; by which Means, adds he, an 
Union in, ihefe Matters might be come at, and 
finally determined. And that, for the better Ob- 
ftrvance of the aforelaid Determination, fome Penal 
K 2 Statute 

p:hy Google 

148 Ti&f ParUamenfary History 

KaJTM^yilt. Statute ought to be enacted, againft thofe that any 
ways inftingc or violate them in any Particular. 
Xbe fix Articles to be examined into are thefe ; 

I. Whether the Sacrament be the real Body <^ 
our Lord, without Tranfubftintiation ' ? 

H. Whether the Sacrament may be given to the 
Laity in both Kinds i 

HI. Whether Vows of Chaftity, made b^ Men 
or Women* ought to be obferved, fure divtno ? 

IV. Whether private Mafles ought to be kept by 
the fame Law i 

V. Whether Pnclb ought to marry on the fame 
Authority f 

VL Whether auricular Confeffion be ncceOaiy, 
yurt divine f '- 

Thefeknotty Points of Divinity being laid before 
tfae whole Houfe to be debated on, it took fome 
Time before they could come to a Determination 
of them : For, May 30, after a Ibort Prorogation, 
we are told in the yeuritalt that the Lord-Chan- 
cellor declared before the Lords. ' That not only 

* the Btfhops and other Spiritual Peers, but even the 

* King's Majctty had taken great Pains and labour- 

* ed tnceflantly to bring about an Union in the fore- 

* going Articles, and had at laft com pleated- it. It 

* was therefore his Majefty's Pleafure, that fome 

* Penal Sutute fliould be enacted, to compel all his 
' Subjeih, who were any ways DifTcnters or Con- 

* tradi&ors of thefe Articles, to obey them. But the 

* Form of a Statute for punifhing fuch Offenders he 

* l^it to their Determination.' It was therefore 
agreed on, by the wholeHoufe, That twoCommit- 
tees fliould be appointed for that Purpofe. The 
Archbilhop of Canttrburf, the Bifliops of Elj and 
St. Afapb,vi\th.\ir.Pttrt^, were ordered to didtate 
and compofe one Form of an A£tfor punifbing fuch 

- OiFenders; and theArchbifhop of r^rijtheBifliops 

of Durham and Wimhtfttr, with Dr. Trtgatinti ^y 

to draw up another. Which two Forms, fo com- 


S Ahhae Trafjtihffaniim. JoDnt. Proctc. 
I> Bqu Mailers in Chaacdy, Burwi. 

■ i,,Goo'^lc 

ef E N G L A N D. ,49 

pofeJa were to be prelented to the King's Majefiy K,Ji;n>i}Tlll. 
on the Sunday foliowing { which was only two 
Days Notice. 

But it was not till Junt j that this Bloody Bill, 
as the Proceftant Writers juUly term if, was brought 
into the Houfe liy the iJord-Chancellor, and read 
the firft Time. The Title is, * A Bill concerning 

* the Punifhment of tbore PctJons, who either vio- 

* late or infringe the Articles afbreTaid.' The Bill 
was read, a fecond and a third Time, on the two 
Days fallowing, and then delivered to the King's 
Attorney and Sol licitor- General, to be carried dowa 
to' the Houfe of Commons ; where an Amendment 
was made to the Bill by them. This was a^in 
read and approved of by the Lords ; (b that the Bill 

fiaffed both Houfcs on the i6th Day t^ Junt ftJ- 
owing; and, amongft others, had the Royal Af- 
fent on the lad Day of this Seffion. 

The fix Articles contained in this Statute, and 
which were founded on the fix foregoing Que- 
fllons propofcd by the Lord Treafurer, are thefe ' : 

L If any Perfcn, by Ward, ffritiae. Printing, , _ , 
Cypbtring, or any othtr trays, de preavfi, leach, dij- whereof }a Ar- 
putt, er bald Opinian, tbatintbtbleJftdSncram*nt9ftK\a iie cfti- 
thi Mar, under Form of Bread and f/^ine {afiir the ^^^^^ '*"** 
Csn/eerasion thereof) there ii net prefent really the ihem'"io'lw 
natural Bady and Bleed af our Savtaur }e(at Chrifl, burnt. 
canceived iy the Virgin Miry i ar that, afier tie /aid 
Canfecrausn, there remaiuetb any Subflanciaf Bread 
andlVine, or any other Subjiantt but the Subjiante 
of Chrift, Gad and Man ; or that irt the Flejb, under 
Form af Bread, is nat the Very Blaad e/Chrift} or 
that with the Bload, under the Form af ffine, it nat 
Iht very Flejh «/ Chrift at well apart as though they 

■e bath together; or affirm the foid Sacrament ta be 
of ether Suhjiance than is afarejaid, ar deprave the 
Jaid blejfed Sacrament ; then he fttall be adjudged an 
Heretic, and fufftr Death by burning ; and ptalt 
forfeit la the King all his Lands, Tenements, Hiri' 
diiamenit. Goods and Chattels, as in Cafe of High 

K3 IL 

i SiMiaia ai h'p, 3 1 H. VllL cip. liv. Ktuiit, Vol. II. ti%- 


i^Q 7^ Pariiamentary Historv 

K. amy vm. - II. jfn/i if any Ptrfin preach in any Sermon, or. 
Colialiaa epenlf made, or teach in any cammon Seheol 
»r Congregation, or ebflinatety affirm or defend, that 
tb* Communion of the bleffed Sacrament in both Kinds 
if necejaryfor the Health sf Man's Soul, or ought or. 
Jhould be minijiered in both Kinds'-, or that it it necef- 
f^ry to be received by any Perfon, other than PriejtSy 
being at Mais and cenfecrating the fame. 

III. Or that any Man, aftir the Order ofPrieJi~ 
hood received, may marry^ or contra£i Matrimony^ 

IV. Or that any Man or Woman, which ad- 
vifidlyhalh vowed or profejjid, erjhouldvovi erpro- 
fifs, Chajiily or fVidew-hood, may marry or eontrait 

V. Or thai frigate Mdjfes he not lawful^ or not 
laudable, or fhould net he ujed, or be not agreeable to-' 
the Laws of God. 

VI. Or that auricular ConfrJJion it not expedient 
and ntcejfary to be ufed in the Church of God, he jhall 
he adjudged to fuffer Death, and forfeit Land and 
Goods as a Felon, 

If any PritJI, or other Man or Woman which 
edvifedly hath vowed Chaftity or Widaiuhsed, do ac~ 
tualty marry ar contrail Matrimony with another ; or. 
any Man which it. or hath befn, a Prieji, do carnally 
ufe any Woman to whom he is or hath been married', 
er with whom he hath contrasted Matrimony, or. 
openly be converfiint or familiar with anyfuch Weman, 
both the Man and the ii'oman fkall be adjudged Fe- 
lons. Commifftont alfo Jhail be awarded to the B ijhop 
to inquire of the Herefies, Felonies, and Offences 
aforefaid. And alfo Juflicet of Peace in their Sef 
jtons, and every Steward, Under- Steward, and De- 
puty'Sleward, in their Leet, or Law-Day, by tSt, 
Oaths of twelve Men, have Authority to inquire of 
all the Herefm, Felonies, and Offences aforefaid.' ' 
We are told * that great Striving and Struggling 
was in theHoufc about pafling this Bill. Befides th^ 
Archbifhop of Canterbury, other Divines and Law- 
yers argu^ well againll it ; it appearing, as they 

t Sirjpi'i lUmtriah, Vol. i, p. 351, 

■ i,,Got)'^le 

gf E N G L A N D. 151 

urged, to be not only againft Truth, but againftK. H«inVin. 
common Juftice ; and that, had not the^King come 
himfelf in Perfon into the Parliament- Houfe, it 
-would not have palTed. 

Lord Htrbtrt informs US| Tba.t Cranmtr, Arch- 
bi{hop of Canterbury^ boldly oppofed thefe Articles 
ipaffing into a Law for three Days together : We 
luppofe on the three Times reading the Bill in the 
Houfe of Lords. And another Writer fays that, 
when it came to be paiTed, the Kingdefired Crow- 
mer to be out of the Houfe that Day, fince he coiild 
not give his Confcnt to it ; but that he humbly ex- 
.eufed himfelf, for he thought he was obliged to ftay 
and vote againft it '. What Arguments he ufcd 
are not known ; but, adds our Author, the King 
was not difpleafed with the Prelate's Plainnefs, as 
knowing all he faid was out of a Hncere Intention. 
Though fome thought he had a particular Intereft 
in his Oppofition to the third Article, by reafon of 
his Wife, whom he had married about feven Years 
before in Germany; and, for Fear of this Statute, 
had fent, or was about to fend, her back to her 
Friends in that Country °. In the ysurnal-Booit 
'June 24, we find a Mimarandum of an Order 
jriade that Day, for enlarging the Time allowed 
for Priefls putting away their Wives they had 
married i which, according to the Statute, was 
to take Place on the Feaft of St. '^thn tht Baptifi^ 
which was that very Day ; but it was now pro- 
longed to the 1 2th Day of July following, and the 
Dates in the Bill were ordered to be alter d accord- 
ingly. This feems to be a Compliment paid to 
Mrs. Cranmer, that (he might have more Time 
to pack up her Effects, ^nd prepare for fo long a 
Journey ". 


■ Ftxi, Vol. II. p. (o|7. 

B She wai Siller In Hi^aniir, a Prolefliot DWiM at Narmiur, 
\aGf'm„>,y. «««(, Vol. 11. p. »io. 

' ■ There it a Story th»t the Dnke o( tfirfitk meeting one of hl» 
ChaplaJni. who w» i Fivourei of the Reforinittoa, fooQ a&er paf-. 
fing thii Afl, (Ai to htm, I^cia, Sir, Wlal ibial ym if tbt ttfco 
it bindir Priifii It Uvi mvii T lu, nj Lvil, leplies the CfaipUln, 
ym bavt dune tbei j tai J viiil anfiiiir far iljta ctnml bindir otbit- 

.■i>» Google 

15* The TarUtmentery Hibtorv 

R. SMTit vm. Amnngft the reft of the Sututei that were en- 

aded this I^rliament, thcle ve alfo remarkable " : 

* That Religious Perfbna, who were put out of ' 

twrPKh^itEt. ' Monaftcriea, iSc. might purchafe Lands, fue or 
( be fucd, but not claim any Inheritance as de- 

* fcending to them ; a^d that, if they made a Vov7 

* of Chaftity after one- and -twenty, tbey (hould not 

* marry.' But, (ays Lofd Hirbtrt^ tho' this A£^ 
enabled them to buy, they thought it no fufficient 
Amends for the Lfofs of their prefent Maintenance. 
■ * That the King, by the Advice of his Council, 

* or the major Part of them, might put forth Pro- 

* clamations, under fucfa Pains and Penalties as to 

* him or them may feem necefTary; which fliall be 

* obferved as if they had been made by Aft of Par- 

* iiament : But that this lliould not b^ prejudicial 

* to the Inheritance of any Perfons, their Offices, 

* Liberties, Goods, Chattels, or Life, 

' That the King might nominate and appoint 

* what Number of Billiops, Sees for Bilhops, and 

* Cathedral Churches, as be pleafcd, and alfo en- 
»L If ■ a ' *'"*' ■''"'" *'''' Pofleffions.' On the Strength of 
JrJ^"|f^!this Aft (he King erefted fix new BiQioprics, vi%. 
fici out of the at WcJimiBfltry Oxford, Pttirh^rough., Brijiai. Cktf- 
*i&ived Mona-z/r, and GhuceJItr, and endowed them with the 

"■ Revenues Uken from diflblved Monaftcries. All 

thele, except the GrU, are in Being at this Day, and 
make fome Attopement for his o^her n)ore violent 

The Preamble to this ASt runs thus : * That it 

* was well known whatllothful and ungodjy Lives 

* had been led by thofe who wcr« called Rdigious; 

* But that thefe Hopfes might be converted to bet- 

* ter Ufes ; that God's Word might -be better fel 

* forth ; Children biought up in Learniog; Clerkt 

* nourifhed in the Univerruresi that old decayed 

* Servants might have Living;s; poor People might 
f have Ahns-Houfes to maintain them ; Readers of 
f Hebrnv, Greti, and Latin might have good Stj- 
f pendaj daily Alms might be minifter'd ; that Al- 

* lowance might be made for mending of the High- 

' Ways i 

' S« Slaluiii « large, 31 Hpnrj Vljr, 


./ENGLAND. 153 

*WBjr», and &ihiWtioBi far Minifters of thcK.Owy viil. 

* Church : For thete Ends, and if the King thought 

* fit to have more Bishoprics or CaEhedral Churches 
'eroded out of the Rents of thefe Houfes, full 

* Power vas given him to ere£t and found them ; 

* and to make Rules and StatuKs for them, and 
f fiich Tranllationa of Seci, of Divifions of them, 

* as he thought iit.' 

The Prelate remarks r. That this Preamble and 
pioft material Parts were drawn bj the King him- 
felf I the Arft Draught df it, of his own Hand- 
Writine, being yet extant; and in the fame Paper 
is a Lift of the Sees which he intended to found ; 
- But what was done was fo far Ihort of what was 
there defigned, that Burnet can afcribe no Rcafon 
for it, but the declining of Cranmer's Intereft at 

Another K£t was made, < For fettling the Places 

* of the Peers in Parliament;' a Thing which had 
been much controvorted in' former Reigns ; by 
which Cramwtll, the King's Vicar-General, tho' 4 
Lock or Blackfmith's Son, had^he Precedence of 
jill PerJbiH except the Royal Family. 

Some more A^s were made for the Exchange 
of Abbey-Land$ ; whereby it appears, as Lord 
Herhtrt obferves, that it was the King's Intention 
to unite all thofe Lands, igc. to the Crown. 

Nor was the Parliament wholly intent on thefe 
higher Matters, but lent fome of their Thoughts 
on the Preferyation oFFifli and Fowl. Two Afis 
were made for that Purpofe, * whereby it was mads 
' Felony to fifh with Nets, (^c. in the Night, or 

* to break any Pond-Head, in order to take them; 
'and three Months Imprifonmcnt for thofe who 

* fiftied in the Day-time in any Man's Liberties 

* without Leave.' Alfo it was enaiQed, * That it 

* fhould be Felony to take, in the King's Manors, 

* ^xy Egg or Bird of any Falcon, Gofhawk, or 

* Laner, out of the Neft; or to find or take up 
' any Falcon, jerfalcon. Jerkin, Saeer or Sacerite, 

* Gofbawk, Laner or Lanerite, of the King's, ha- 

' ving 
t Bu'vcl, yol. I. p. 161. 

p: by Google 

154 ^f Parliamentary History 

IC^fsrgiVIIl. « ving on the King's Arms and Verviles, and do 

* Bot bring them to the King's Falconer within 

* twelve Days, i^c' This is no farther rcmark- 
;ible, than for giving the different Names and Spe- 
cies of ihofe Birds of Piey ufed in that truly Royal 
Diverfion of Hawking in thofe Days. 

We Ihall now draw to a Conclufion of this SeT- 
fion i which, iho' not long, yet there was tnullum 
in porvs Tempore done in it. It is obfcrvable that 
no Subfidies were either demanded or granted in 
this or fome preceding Parliaments. It n)ay well 
be fuppofed that the Spoil of the Monafteries, (£c. 
had To fufficiencly filled the King's Coffers, that he 
had no Occafion for any farther Supply : But yet 
we find, in the Journal- Baoi, that a Motion was 
sow made in the Houfe of Lords, by the Lord- 
Trcafurcr, very much tending that Way : We are 
there told that, on the 20th Day of May, and only 
the I2th Day of theSeffion, the Duke of A/er/j/* 
declared to the Houfe, * That the King had taken 

* great Pains, and been at vaft Expence, in the Go- 

* vernment and Reformation of this Kingdom; 
*■ which Labour and Charge it behoved every 

* Member there to confider of, and to allow a pro- 
' per Recompence: And fincc, by reafon of thf 
« Shoitnefs of Time, this could not be then effcfl- 

* ed, his Opinion was. That one of the Temporal 
^ and one of the Spiritual Lords fhould be, by ge- 

* neral Confent, appointed to wait upon his Ma- 

* ^eAy, and humbly befeech him that he would 

* pleafe to prorogue this Parliament, and not dif- 

* folve it, that, at the next Sejiion, they might 

* as;ain take into Confideration the Expence afore- 
' fa^id.' The Lord-Chancellor, by the Affent of 
All, was alone deputed to go to the King with ihid 
Meflage ; who returned, and faid his Majelty would 
be at the Houfe the next Day, in order to grant 
their Requeft ; which was done accordingly. 

June 28. The King came to the Houfe, in ordet 

to pafs the Bills, and to put an End to this SelBoii 

fif Parlianient. ^t which Time Sir NicMas Hare^ 


■ i>, Google 

•/'ENGLAND. ijj 

Speaker of the Houfc of Commons, a^drcfled his K. Haiy vuu 
Majefty in an elegant and learned Speech, fays our 
Authority; and, nnally, humbly befought him that 
he would give the Royal Aflenc to the Bills that 
were ready for that Pur|>ore ; Which being all read 
and alTentcd to, the Lord-Chancellor, Sir rAffmw The P»rllMneoi 
JudUy, prorogued the Parliament from thM Day to*'""*'*^ 
Ac 3d of Nevemter fallowing. 

Mr. Rafin remarks, 'That never did Parliaments 
coincide with their King's Affedtions and Jnclinn- 
ttons fo much as this did ; for, as in the laft Sef- 
fion, they gave a clear Evidence that they mindei 
lefs what was jull and equitable in the A& of Suc- 
ccffion, fhan what would pleafe the King; fo il| 
^his they were not only infatiable in approving what* 
ever the King then did, but whatever he might da 
for the future. The AH, adds our Author, chat the 
- £une Obedience fliould be paid to the King's ProcUf 
mattons, or to the Orders of his Council, during a 
Minority, as to the A&s of Parliament, was giving 
the Sovereign almofl a defpotic Power: It waa 
pretended chat Cafes might happen when the King 
had no T'^e to call a Parliament ; and yet it was 
neceffary, for the Good of the Realm, that his Or- 
ders fbould be executed, otherwife there might be 
Danger of falling into great Inconveniences. Thus, 
to avoid a poilible, but withall an uncommon, In- 
convenience, another, much more confiderable, was 
run into ; for, if the King's Orders were to be obey'd 
without Concurrence of Parliament, he had no Oc- 
cafiofl tocallone if hedid not think proper to do it. 
It is true, adds our Author, there were fnme Limi- 
tations tn this A&, 35, That no Perfon (hould be 
deprived of Life or Eftatc by Virtue of the King's 
Proclamation, nor any Laws or Cuftom broken or 
fubverted thereby ; but thefe Redriftions were fo 
iimbiguoufly worded, that it was eafy for the King 
to evade them : And upon this AH was grounded 
the great Change in Religion, which happened in 
(he Non-age of his Son and SuccefTor.' 

The AS v^ith the fix Articles, then called Tht 
l^fi> with fix Stings, being now publilbed, it caufed . 

p-h»Googlc _ 

1 56 7j&*? Parliamentary History 

K. Karj VUI. much Murmur and Apprchcnfion in the new Re- 
formers i and yet this Law was not ufed with much 
Rigour till after the Death of CromiviU; though ic 
evident))' fhews that the King and Parliament had a, 
greater Defire to engrofs the Riches of the Church, 
than to fet about reforming any Errorii or Tenets^ 
which had crept into the Romifh Religion. Two 
Silhops, however, out of the whole Bench, had 
Confcience enough to refign their Bishopries rather 
Two Biaop' ™- than conform to the Articles : Thcfc were Latimtr, 
"oDf"™ to th=" Bilhop of Wcrttfttr^ and ShaxUn, BiQiop of Sal\f- 
ExAitidM. bury; who, by this Means, Ihewed themfelves as 
confcientious about Religion, as Sir Thamas Mart 
and Bifliop Fifl>er bad been fcrupulous about the 
Qo«n7«idiM, King Htitry had been made once more a Wi- 
«nd /JcK'r mu- dowcr, without the Help of an Executioner, by the 
liei the Lidy Death of Queen Jam j who, after being delivered 
^».aa^t. ^f ^ g^jj^ ^^j^j Edward, 0£t. 12, 1537, died in 
Child-Bed, and was buried at IVindfir. Henry 
was now in no Haflc to many again, but cpnti- 
nued in a State of Widowhood more than two 
Yeats I and his Age and Corpulency might well 
have fecured bim from any Attempts of that Kind 
for the future : But a foreign Match being propofed 
to him with the Lady Annt of Clme, Sifler lojehn 
the Dulte of that Name, Policy, and his own In- 
tereft abroad, drew him in to accept of it: But 
difliking this Lady on her Landing, though Henry 
forced himfelf to marry her, yet he would never 
confummate with her, and fought all Means pof- 
iible for another Divorce. 

Themai Lord Cromwell^ the Prime Miniffer, fitft 
fell into Difgrace about this Match, having been the 
principal Perfon who advifed the King to it ; for 
tho' he was now raifed to the Height of his Honour 
and Power, having been created Earl of EJfex, and 
made Lord-Great-Chamberlaln to the King, yet 
he was foon after caft down from this Pinaclc of 
Glory, b^ing arrefled at the Council-Table by the 
Duke of Norfsik, when he leaft fufpeded it, and 
. fent Prilbner to the Tauitr. 


p:hy Google 

»/• E N G L A N D. 157 

But, before this happened, the ParKament inetK.H«D7Vill. 
again at the Time appointed by the Prorogation, 
by a Commiffion under the Broad Seal, direSed to 
Thomas Lord Audley of fValden, Lord -High -Chan- 
cellor of England ; Themai Duke of Ntrfeii, Lord- 
Treafurerj CbarIesDa)u: ofSufhIi, Lord-Prefidcnt 
of the Council, and to his faithful Counfcllor Tho- 
jBfli Lord Crenrnj*//, Lord-Keeper of the Privy Seal; 
alfo to Jthn Earl of Ox/erd, Great-Chamberlain, 
and fVtUiam Ear! of Seuthainplen, Lord-High-Ad- 
miral of England i they were impowered to pro- 
rogue the prefent Parliament, from the aforefaid 
third Day oi Nsvtmttr, in the 31ft Year of this 
King to the 14th Day of 'January next following. 
The Commiffion is at large in the "Jgumals ; but 
it is no farther neccllary here : For, on the faid 14111 
of yahuary, by another Commiffion, dlrefled as 
above, except that Rehtrt £arl of Sujix, Edward 
Earl of HiTlfurd, with Cuthbert BHhop of Durbata^ 
are added, the Parliament was again prorogued to 
the i2th Day of April next enfuing. 

At which Time, being once more aflcmbled in 
tbePlacccalledtbeParfiament-Chambcr, intheoId^^^jjH . 
Palace at Wtjiminjitr, the Spiritual and Temporal 1541. ' 
Lords all prefent, except the Abbots, CramwtU be- 
ing the firft in the Lift under thefe Titles ; 
Thomas Deoiinuf Cromwell, Eques Sacri OrJimsC'imviillmtie 
Garieri, Cuftas Privati Sigitli Domini Regis, ^•^/u'^'^'.^^'J'^i 
Majtjiatis iK/M^/rtw, [ Vicar-Gcneral]rfO^«flA'itako wteenm 
principals ad Caufas Eulyiajiicat ; the Blood R(^. 

The Lord-High-Chancellor opened theSeffion in 
a Speech of Ibme Length, but which the Journaliji 
gives to this KStSt : 

* By the Command of the King's Majefty this 
< Parliament was (irfl fummoned, begun, and pro- 
« rogued, as well for the Piety and Reverence 
' which he bears to the Glory of Almighty God, 
' as forthe ZeaJ and Paternal AfFeflion he has to the 

* Lords his AlBftants in Government, and the whole 

* Body orthe£n;/t/&Nation,hi5mo{l: dear, faithful, 

* and true Subje£h ; that at length, by thefe Parlia- 

* mentary Councils, that Thing may be eficc^ed, 

' which ~ 

.:i>, Google 

158 T&e Parliamentary Historv 

fc.«o,iyVm • which is moft conducive to the Glory oJ God,- the 

* Security of t be Kingdom, and the greateftBehelit 
' to the Commonwealth. Therefore )iis Majefty 

* now, as before, admonifbes, exhorts, demands, 

* and,byhis Royal Authority, commandsthe Lords, 

* both Spiritual and Temporal, that they would 

* frceIy,openly, and ingenuoutiy declare their Mindv 

* on thofe Things which may feem to tend there- 
■ to i and,^y their free Suffrages, ^ve a Samflion 

^ * to them. And, on the contrary, that they would 

* take Care toabrogate and [akeawayall parntcious 

* and adverfe Errors, thatConcord, Harmony, and 
' Profpeiity may flourifb, and that a pcrfcdl Union 
' may be eftablilhed. Conjuring ihem, that they 

* would not be negligent in thef^ Matters, by the 

* Duty and Reverence they owed to Almighty 

* God, Rerpe<3 to their King, and Piety to their 

* Country and the Commonwealth.' 

After the Chancellor had ended his Harangur, 

with the Praifes and Approbation, as the Jturnal 

exprefTes it, of all the Peers, Thomas Lord Crem- 

■■ tuill. Knight of the Garter, Hood up, and fpoke 

to this Purpofe .: 

Ht prepefci two ' ^* ^'" ^°°^ Notice of the Concord' which the 

Conitiliteci for ' Chancellor had particularly advifed atnongft 

fttling Mitten « (hetfi ; than which nothing could be a greater 

.f RthsoE. . g^i^j f^^ ^^^ g^f^j^ ^f ^^^ jj..^g,^ Majefty and 

* the Commonwealtli ; fmce nothing could be more 

* wiflied for, than that a peifefi Harmony and ma- 

* tual Confent fliouldalways fubfift between the 
' Head and Members of this National Body. That 

* hisMajeftylovedConcordasmucJiasbehated the 

* contrary Vice ; but he knew very well that there 

* were not wanting many Tares which grew tip 

* in his Field amongft the Corn ; which, by the 

* Boldnefs and Bitternefs of fome, the inveterate 

* and cqrruptfuperftitioua Tenacity of Opinions in 

* others, excited many Contentions and Quarrels 
' amongfl thofe, who would otherwife be pious 
' Chriflians. Some call the others Papifts, whilft 
' thofe aoain term them Heieiies; both wicked 

* in their Kinds, and not to be endured j and the lels 


.■i>, Google 

^ENGLAND. 159 

« (b, by rcafon of the Holy Word of God, which his K.Hi»jVm, 

* moft Serene Highncfs, out of his Benignity, had 

* fufieredtobe publilhedin Books, for the S;ifety and 

* Comfort of his People ; that they might read* 

* in their native Language, how much that moft 

* holy Gift of God had been miferably abufed and 

* perverted. Thus, while fome follow Herefies and 

* others Superftitions, I cali it, adds he, a Confufion 

* of Things, which proceeds from wicked Minds. 

* Out moft illullrious Monarch, who, as much as 

* in him lies, neither favours one nor the other Side, 

* but profeffes htmfelf a mofl fincere Chriflian, as ;i 

* moftChriftianPrinceoughttobe, neitherwavers 

* to the Right nor Left'; but, prefcribing hiinfeir a 
*iite£i Line, guides and diredts his Steps and 

* Judgment by the pure Word of God and an 

* ^vangeliflical Sincerity. 

' That therefore all Errors may be rooted out 

* to make Room for the true Reli^on, his Majelly 

* makes it all his ferious Care and Endeavour ; and, 

* in this principally.that all well-polifhed fet Forms 

* of the holy Gofpel's true Dodtrine may be efta- 

* blifhed. Secandly, That all pious Ceremonies 

* and Cuftoms may be feparated from the wicked ; 

* their real Ufes taught and inculcated, and their 
' Abufes rectified ; and, that Things may at 
t length go well, all the Inhabitants of this Illand, 

* efpecialTv Etiglijbaun, fhould be admonifhcd 

* againd Books which treat of impious and irreve- 

* rent Subjefls, by a wicked Perverfion and auda- 

* cious Interpretation of facred Writ. Heavy Paina 
' and Penalties fhould be laid upon thofe who of- 

< fend in thefe Things out of Malice, that others 

* may take Example from thence, and not run 

< headlong to their own Dellruflion, and be pu- 

* nifhed by Laws worthy of the Lawgivers. 

» And that CAr//?. tbe Word of CA7-y?andTruth, 
' may conquer all Errors, in the true Expofition 
' and Setting- forth of theGofpet, hisMajefty hath 

* chofen certain Bifliops and Dodors, that will fin- 

* cerely inform us what belongs to the Inflitution 

* of a Chrillian Man. Thefe the Orator reckon- 


p:h»Googlc * 

i6o 7be ParJiaftuntary History 

K. BtmrjVm. * ed up by Name, viz. the Archbifliops of Centtf' 
*■ bury and terk ; the Bilbops of Londan, Dwhamt 

* Winthifitr, Rtchtfttr, Htrefard, and St.Davites; 

* the Doflors ThurWj, Roiinjim, Cm, ff'i/Jhn, 

* Dry Almoner to the Queen, OgUtharf, RtJmaay 

* Edgnaertb, Crajftrd, Symntdt, Rtiiat, &nd Ooc- 

* tor Tre/ham, who were al] to treat of the true 

* Doarine of Cbri^. Other Bifliopa the King 

* had chofen to expound the Difierencc and Rea- 

* fonablenefa of Ceremonies, vix. the Bilhops of 

* Bald, Ely, Salifiurj, Chkhefttr^ Wsrctfttr, and 

* Landaff, and to tbefe, faid he, the Bufinefs of exa- 

* mining into Rites and Ceremoniei was commit- 

* ted. Nor would there be wanting, to the Affill- 

* ance of both thefe Committees, his Majcfiy's own 

* SutFrage, finccre and exadt Judgment, to crown 

* the whole, Lefllj^ That his Majefty's Authority 

* might not be defpifed or made a Jell on, all the 

* King's Judges and Commiflaries, who had ofFen- 

* ded againft the known Laws of the Land, were 

* to be puniflird, at the Difcreiion of tbefe Dele- 

* gates, by the Statutes in Force.' 

We are told by the Jaurnalift^ Thatgreat PraHes 
and Commendations were alfo beftowed on the 
King's Vicar- General, by the Lords, for his elo- 
quent Speech, and the handfome Manner he deli- 
vered his Majefty's Mind to them i by which he 
feemed worthy of being appointed Vicar-General 
of the Univerfe. And that they might, as far as 
in them laid, promote this holy and pious Study . 
and Dcfign, it was unanimoufly agreed to fetsfide 
every Monday, fVtdntfday, and Friday, from ail 
other BuHnefs, to attend to it. And every After- 
noon of the Week Ihould be for the fame Ufe ; 
praying to-God that he would profper a Work fo 
well begun as this feemed to be. 

ASudfidy - May 8. The Bill, mentioned at the latter End 

Hiinnii, pf ijjg IjJ^ Seffion, for a Subfidy of one Fifteenth 

and a Tenth, was brought into the Houfe of Lords, 

and read the firft Time. There were alfo the ufual 

Taxations on Denizens and Aliens added to it. 


p:hy Google 

5/- E N G L A N D. i6i 

*rhe Clergr alCo gave 4J. in the Pound; which K. &•>} vm* 
cxorbitantDemand, lays Lord Htrbirt, was folely 
laid upon Cre/mvell »s the Occafion, which gained 
him an DnivcrUl Hatred zmon^ the People, and 
was one Reafon of his fuddcn Fall after it. 

BiOiop Burnet 1 writes that this Supply from the 
Clergy was given as an Acknowledge m en t of the 
great Liberty, they enjoyed, by being deliver'd from 
the Ufurpations of the BifliDps of Rome, and in Re- 
compcncc of the great Charges thcKinghad been at, 
and was (bll to be at, in building Havens, Bulwarks^ 
and other Forts, for the Defence of his CoaflS, and 
the Security of his Subjcfis. As to the Subfid/ 

t ranted by the Laity, the fame Hiflorian alTures us* 
lit from what Authority we know not, that it wai 
demanded as a Gift on the fCing's intended Mar- 
riage; whichhewasforcedtoafkof iheParliamenCt 
becaufe he had huftanded the Money fo ill which 
Came by the Sale of Abbey-Lands : That this was 
obtained with great Difficulty, for it was r3id,Th3t if 
the King was already in Want after fo vaft an In- 
come, efpecially being engaged in no War, there 
would be no End of his Ncceffities, nor were thejr 
abie to fupply them. To this it was anrwercd,Thae 
the King had laid out vaft Sums in fortifying the Sea- 
Coafts, and tho' he was then in no vifible War, yet 
the Chaise he was at in keeping Kp the War beyond 
Sea, was equal to the Expence of one, and much 
more to the Advantage of his People, who were 
kept at home in Peace and Plenty. The Prelate 
informs us that thefo Arguments obtained a Grant 
of aTcnth and four Fifteenths; tho' this laft is ex- 
prefly againft the Authority of the ynurnal, which 
only mentions one Fifteenth, as before obferved. 

The fame Day a Bill was return'd from the HoufelTie CWer of 
cJCommons, with one Provifion by them annexed, ^'•^'*Y^^'" 
for putting into the King's Hands all the Lands andp^g-^™ "^ 
PoScffions belonging to the Knights of St. Jdbn of 
Jerufalem, which was read and pafled. The Noble 
Hiftorian of this Reign fays that thefe Reafons were 
iffigned for bringing in this Bill ; ' Becaufe the 

Vol. III. L 'Knights 

^ Hjiwj e/ ttt R'fimaiini, Vol, !• pi it%, i!4« 


1 62 ^e Farhamentary History 

K, 2b>r7Vni> ' Knights of Rhodts, or St. John, othcrwife called 

* the Friars of the Religion of St. Jahrtt drew yearly 

* great Sums of Money out of the Kingdom j that 

* they maintained the ufurped Power of the Church 

* of Rem ; that they defamed and flandercd the 

* King and his Subjeifis ; that the Ifle of Rhadeiy 

* whence- the faid Religion took its Name, was 

* then furprized by the Turh j and, laftly, that the 

* Revenues might be better employed for the De- 

* fence of the Realm.' Thus, a!dds our Authority, 
fell that anticnt and pious Order, not without much 
Scandal abroad both to the King and Government; 
The Grand Prior, vAia had a principal Place in 
the Houfe of Lords, with fome others of the Order, 
who were conformable to this Redui^on, had Pea- 
fiona allowed them for Life. 

May 1 1. After the reading of Cx private Bills 
from the Houfe of Commons, and the Lords ftlll 
Jilting, Sir Nichalai Hart, Speaker of that Houfe, 
with the Members, came up, to whom the Chan- 
cellor dedajed the King's Mind to this£fic£l: 

* That fmce the Feail of PttHtctft was now ap- 
' ~ * pi'oaching, and it was not polfibte to put an Knd 

* to this Parliament before that Time; and though 

* the King underftood that the greateft Part of the 

* Bufinefs which concerned his Majelly had been 

* expedited, particularly the Subfidy, for which he 

* returned them Thanks : Yet his Majelly refleifl- 

* ing that this Parliament was firft called for the 

* £ftablifhment of the Public Good of this King- 

* dom, and a true Concord in the Chriflian Reli- 
^ gion ; and fmce that great Work cannot be To 

* loon perfedted, which not only concerns this 

* Kingdom of England, but atfo other Nations and 

* the whole Chriflian Church, who have their Eyes 

* and Minds fet upon their Proceedings: Therefore 

* his Majefly judges it highly ncceftary that thefe 

* Matters fhould be more maturely treated and dif- 

* cuffed by himfelf, the Bifliops, and Clergy ; for 

* which, and feveral other Cauies, the King thought 

* ftt, by his Letters Patent, to prorogue this Parlia- 

• ment. 


^ENGLAND. 163 

' tncnt, from that Day, to the 25th Day of Mtiy^- BtmjVllu 

* next following; exhorting all and lingular Mem- 

* bers of both Houfes to give their Attendance at 

* the Time aforefaid.* Next follows, in the Jeur- 
nal, a, Copy of the- King's Letters Patent for this 
Prorogation> which is unnecellary here. 

May 25. The Parliament being again afiembled, * Jo'i'nte for , 
the firft Thing th^t was read in the Houfe of Peers ^Sw? 
was a BUI to ailign a Jointure on the King's Mar- 
riage with the Lady Anne of Cltvt, now called 
Queen oi England, This Lady has been mentioned 
before, the King, during the laft Prorogation, ha- 
ving farced himfelf to marry hei ; but in a very 
fliort Time we fhall find that this very Parliament, 
which now fettled a Jointure, was equally con- 
cerned in a Divorce. 

fune 10. There is an Entry made in ^cjdurnal' 
Book, That on this Day, about Three o'Clock in the 
Afternoon, Thatna! Lord Cramviell, Earl of EJJix, Thmti Uri 
and the King's Vicar-General, was attached of High'-'"™"" ■'- 
Treafon in the Council -Chamber at fi^e/iminfter i'^"^^,^"^^' 
and, by the Lord-Chancellor and other Lords there Treafon. 
prefent, committed Prifoner to the Tatvtr : And, 
the' 1 7 th of the fame Month, a Bill of Attainder 
Was brought into the Houfe and read againA him ; 
which palled both Houfes on the 29th, mm. con, ' 

Thus this Man, who had, from a very low Be- 
ginning, mounted to the Summit of Glory, was on ' 
a fudden caft down ; and is another terrible Inllance, 
along with Cardinal Wilfi-j, how flippery the Foot- 
ing is of thofe who depend on the Smiles of Princes. 
He was condemned unheard, and executed on 
rower-mil the 28th Day of >/>, four Days after 
the Diflblution of this Parliament '. 

L 2 Mr. 

rSeethcpRgmblate ihii Ajt gf Atuindtr, vrhereall hi- Ciimn 
*>cre rmntned up logdher, id Burntt'a Rrfirmatieii, Vol. 1. p. 17S. 
The chief of which were, for firmuing aai mainuiniof a Tnal)a> 
tioD of Hcietical Books in Eiiglijb, and for countenancing aiui fup- 
mrting Heiecical Teachen j br being an Hetettc himfelf, and for ' 

hiving fpoken bold Wordi for the upholding hij faid Religion, vis, 
rtai lb. King bimfclffiald ml ctangt ii 1/ he leeuld, Sec. 

• With Crmivcll y»s beheaded ffahir Lptd Huagirfn'J. of 

■ i>, Google 

1 64 W* 'ParJiamMiary MiStob! y 

K. Bmj vm. Mr. P*xi, the Martyrologift, breaks out intd 
High Inve&ives againll this ProccetHng ; and does 
not fticlc to Ux Parliaments themfelvcs with very 
icandaloiu temporizing Meafurcs. In the Courfe of 
. his Hillory he has beftowcd many fevere Cenfurei 
on thofc of our Kings who any ways perfecuted 
Lollards or Heretics ; but here, out of Regard to 
the Memory of his Martyr Cremwtll, he has taken 
Pains to fliew, by feveral Inftances, drawn from his 
own Work, how fcrvile Parliaments have been to 
the capricious Humours of their Princes. We are 
perfuaded that his own Words will he no difagree- 
sble Entertainment to the Reader ', 

* Such malicious Makebates about Princes and 

* Parliaments never lacked in Commonweals. By 

* fuch King BthtlRant was incenfed to kiU his Bro- 

* ther Edwin. So was KinaEiiiuard 11. depofed*. 

* So likcwife when King Richard II. was once 

* brought into the ToWer, what Crimes and Ac- 

< cufations were laid againft him in Parliament! 

* So was Humphrty, the g6od Duke of Gleuajief, 

* the King's Uncle, by Henry Beaufsrd, Biihop of 

* Wtncbtfltry and others, in the Parliament holdcn 

< at Bury, arrefled as a Traitor and falfly made 

* away. What great Treafon was fn the Words of 

■ him, who, dwelling in Cheapjtde, at the Sign of 

* the Crnurty faid merrily to his Son, that if he lived 

* he would make him Heir to the Crown ? and ytt 

* was he thereforeattainted and judged fora Traitor. 

* In the Time of King Hmry VIII, bow was that 

* Parliament incenfed, wherein both Queen ^nnt 

* was falfly condemned, and Queen Eiizabrlb 6t{- 

* inherited? To omit the Attainder of the Duke of 

* Buekinghaniy wrought by the Cardinal of Terk j 

* of the Lord Cobham likcwife and Sir Regtr AHen. 

■ If the Caufe of Henry, late Earl of Surrey, was 

* well tried out, peradventure no fuch heinous Pur- 

* pofe of Treafon fhould be found therein as was 

■ then made. Who incenfed the late Duke of Jd- 

' merfel 

BiJIffitry, r« Baggerr, >nd miUam BaU, Clerk, hi> ChipJuo, 
. wbo wcreho^ituinle) in ihii Pirliimcut j but tnifonible Woidi, 
Conjuntioii, &t. were alfo laid to thai Cbtigc. Burwtl, f ■ 361. 
I fua't jiBi tmlMtmuiUi, V*l, IL p, 1085. 



* mfr/ei to behead his own Brother, but ^uch Mike- K. finu^ yiii, 

* bates as thefe i And afterwards when the faid Dulce 
' himfelf was attainted for a Traitor, and condemn- 

* cd for a Felon, a Briber and an Extortioner, how 

* wss the Parliament then tncenfed i Adam Dam- 

* Up received of Cardinal Paalt, at Romt, by Way of 

* AtmajbutafillyCrown; and therefore, byMc a ns 

* of Stephen Gardiner, was attainted for a Traitor. 

* (4ot that I here fpeakormean any Thing, adds our 

* Author, againfl the High Court of Parliament of 

* this Realoiyf^f. And fo he goes on, daubing over 

* the Chafms he has hercmadC'in this great Branch 

* x>f our Englifl) Legiflaiure, for a half Folio- Page 

* together. — But to proceed with our own Hiftory. 

On the 6th Day of Juljy after the reft of the Bu- 
finefa was done in the Houfe, the Lord -Chancellor* 
the Archbifhop of Canterbury, the Dukes of N»r- 
folk and Suffolk, the Earl of SouthampUH, and the 
iiilhop of Durham, partly by the Mouth of the 
Chancellor, and partly by their OWH} fpoke to the 
reft of the Peers to this £%6t : 

' That they very well knew what bloody and 

* cruel Slaughter had formerly been i&cA in this 

* Kingdom, by reafon of various Contentions oc- 

* cafioned by dubious Titles to the SuccefHon of 

* this Crown : And fince, by the Grace of God, all 

* thefe ControverHes were ceafed, and all thofe 

* Titles were united, by the divine Benevolence^ 

* in the fingle Perfon of his moft ferene Majefty, fo 

* that no Occafion of Difcord could arifc, unlcfs this 

* fliould happen, that their only Hope, the Noble 

* 'Pt'ince Edward, undoubted Heir to his Father's 

* Kingdoms, Ihould be taken from them by fome 

* finiKcr Accident. In that Cafe, which God avert, 

* it is necefTary, for the general Safety, that fome 

* other future Heir, by the divine Goodne&, may be 

* born to them in true and lawful Wedlock ; And 

* lince this is very doubtful by the late-contratEled 

* Marriage of his Majefty and the moft Noble Lady 

* Jnae of Clevt, b«caufe of fome Impediments, 

* which, upon Inquiry, may arife to make the Va- 

h 3 ' lidity 

p -hyGoogle 

1 66 ^i Parliamentary History 

K.St»rfVlll. * lidity of that Marriage dubious. Alfo, for tho 

* Quietnefs and Concord of the whole Common- 
' wealth in fucceeding Times, that nothing of this 

* Kind Qjould fpring up to diflurb it, it was their 

* ferious Advice to their Lordfhips to taite it into 

* the Confideiation of the whole Houfe ; and that a 

* Matter of fuch high Concern, to every Degree of 
' Men in the Kingdonij might be properly confider- 

* ed, it was ncceflary that the Houfe of Commons 

* Jhould be alfo confulted about it : That after- 
' wards a Committee of both Houfes Qiould be ap- 

* pointed to wait upon his Majeffy, humbly open- 

* ing to him, as far as Decency would admit of» 
" their Doubts and Scruples in this Matter ; and 

, • humbly inireating that he would pleafe to acquaint 
« them whether the aforefaid Marriage was valid or 
' not ; and that his Majefty would permit the 

' * Judgment and Decifion of this Queftion to be laid 

* before the Archbifliops, BiOiops, Deans,, Arch- 

* deacons, and the whole Clergy of England, aov 
■ JS"" * aff'='nbled in Convocation.' 

fcini ui Inquiry The whoIe Houfe of Peers came to an unanimous 
inioiheVaiiditjRjfoiution, on the Chancellor's Motion, to fend 
ofhiibiiMai. j.^^^ of their Members to the Houfe of Commons 
"**'* to acquaint them with the Particulars of it ; and 

to defire that, after due Delibsration had thereon, 
they would fend back fix of their Body to inform 
their Lordfliips of the Refult of their Confultation, 
The Commons fent Sir Thomas Chtney, Knight, 
Treafurer of the King's Houttiold, and Sir miliam 
Kingjiany Comptroller, with others, to the Number 
of twenty, as a Committee of their Houfe, to go 
alonw with the Lords, without Delay, to wait upon 
his iSaiefty with the aforefaid humble Supplication. 
AH the Temporal Lords and this Committee accord- 
ingly waited on the King; when the Chancellor 
opened the Caufe of their coming, by firft return- 
ing his Majefty their hearty Thanks for all his Kind- 
neffes and Indulgences to them, particularly for th6 
late Aft of Grace ; And then told him, That they 
had a Matter of great Moment to communicate, if 
his Majefty would give them Leave, and pardon 


5/- E N G L A N D. 167 

their Prerumption. The King anrvered, ' ThatK. Btmj VIU. 

* he could never expei^ that any Thing would come 

* from them that was cither evil, difhonell, or un- 

* reasonable, and therefore bad them fpcak their 

* Minds freely to him.' And, after the Chancellor 
bad delivered the aforefaid Addrefs, his Majelly 
again replied, ' That indeed their Meffage was pf 

* fuch a Nature, that he could neither deny not 
■ grant their Requell; but that, however, he would 

* refer the Difquificion of this important QueAion 

* to the Judgment and Determination of the Clergy 

* in the Convocation of both Provinces, In which 

* Order, he believed, there were as many grave, 

* learned, honeft, and pious Men, as could any 

* nrhere, be found, who would not fay a Thing 

* which was not juft and right; and to thefe heWliiihHmw- 
' would commit the AjFair for their Examinations ;* *" ^^' ^'"'" 
and ordered his Letters Patent to be made out ac-^'°" ' 

This Bufinefs was very foon concluded ; for we 
are told by the fcuraa/j that, on the lOth Day of 
yune, the two Archbifliops and the reft of the Bi- 
fllops declared to the Houfe of Lords, that they had 
examined into the Affair of the Marriage, by Virtue 
of the King's Commillion diredled to them, and that, 
both by divine and human Law, they had found it 
invalid : Which Sentence they produced under the 
Hands and Seals of them all j and which being pub- 
liclcly read and approved on, two of that Reverend 
Sody were aligned to carry it down to the Houfe of 
Commons for their Approbation : And, in Confe- ^"Ccoftqwate 
guence thereof, a Bill was brought in the very next J^„„jj^ 
Day, concerning the Invalidity of the Marriage be- 
tween the King's Majefty and L^dy j4nae of C/eve, 
which pafled the Houfe ofLords the Day afteri and, 
in a few Days more, was expedited thro'the Houfe 
of Commons ; and Henry, who had always another 
Wife ready on the Death or Divorce of a former, 
was puJickly married to the Lady K'a(A/r/»» /fa- And marrirf to 
ward. Niece to the Duke of Nar/Bii. Thus, fays ^^j"'""" 
Lord Herbtrt, a Law was pafled, dec! a ring theMar- 
riage void on the Sentence of the Clergy of England, 


1 68 The Parliammfary History 

K.BaijyVS<i an4 the Lady's forced Confent ; making it HigU 
' Trezfon for any ope to judge or believe othcrwire ", 

Mr. Rapin, after producing Arguments to inva- 
lidate the fevcral Reafons whigh Htnrjzvie for thiai 
fecond Divorf:e, concludes w'(th this Refledlion "i, 
He fays, * That the King muft have had a very 

* ill Opinion both of the totivcx:ati.on, the Parlia- 

* ment, and the Public, to alledge fuch extr=>o'''^i* 

* nary Caufes for this Divorce : But the Clergj 
^ thought thofe Reafons folid, and paflcd a Sentence 
^ of Divorce upon them ; and the Parliament was fo 

* abje^ as to proAitute tfaemfelve^ to t^e King's 
. * Paffion, and confirm tbe Senteiicc ; not one finglc 

^ Vote being againll it: So much did every on^ 

* dread the King's Difpleafur?.' He adds, * This is 

* a remarkable Evidence of what I have often intt- 

* mated, that in every Thing tranfa£ted in Eng- 

* land, during the latter Part of Hinry the Eighth's 

* Reign, the Clerg^ and Parliaments ought to be 

* conudered only as the King's Infltuments to 

* gratify his PaiTiom. To him was due the Praifc 

* of whatever was good and ufeful } and he it is 

* that ought to be blamed for whatever was done 

* amifs. Mean while the Parliaipent and Clergy 

* are inexcufable, for rot hawing endeavoured to 

* fuppoit the Caufc pf Truth and Jufticc, whcr^ 
*. they believed them W be oppreflcd." 

AOaFifletU T^tc reft of the A^ thought proper to be takers 
Notice of by the Noble Hiftorian arc thefe ; 

' Another A£t alfo was made, Ihewint^ what 
Marriages were lawful, and what not. Wherein is 
ordained. That ail Marriages, without the Degrees 
prohibited by God's Law, niade and confummate 
by carnal Knowledge, (hall be firm and good; 
notwithflanding any Precontract, which hath noC 
been fo confummate. Bu; this Law was repealed 
1 and 2 Phil, and Mar. and i Eliz. i. 

* Other Afls alfo were paffed this Seflion of Par- 
liament, which began .^priV 12. Among which I - 
thought fit to remember thefe. An A£t declaring 

p. liC 


g/" E N G L A N D. 169 

in what Cafes a Man may dirpofe all his Lands byK. Bin']) VIU. 
his laft Will in Writing ; and in what, but Part 
thereof. And in what Cafes the King and other 
Lords (hall have their Wardfliips. 

* Th^t no Perfon ihould fell or buy any Right 
or Title, or m^tain it, or procure Maintenance 
in any Suit. 

' The Pnnifliment alfo, by Death, of Priefts mar- 
ried or unmarried, and of Women offending with 
them by Incontinency, was repeated : For as the 
Clergy of thofc Times thought it, though one of 
the ujc Articles, too fevcre, (he Punifhmcnt, upon 
their Remonftrance, was laid on their Goods, Chat- 
tels, and Spiritual Promotions : And this alfo better 
plea fed the King. 

* Sanctuaries alfo, and privileged Places, were 
reduced to a fsw} and certain Rules prefcribcd to 

* That Horfes feeding on Commons, not being 
of a lawful Height, (that is to fay, not being fi^ 
teen Hands high at twoYears old) {hould be fe'a,td 
on" by any Man for his own Ufe. 

' That Forefls, Heaths, Commons, tfr. fliouM 
be driven once in the Year, and unlilcely Tits in 
them to be killed. Neverthelefs, that Horfes of 
fmall Height might be put where Mares were not 

'The Statutes alfo of 5 Richard 11. c 3. 6 Rich- 
ard 11. c. 8. 4. Henry VU- c. 10. and 23 Hen- 
ry VIH. c. 7. touching freighting in EngHjh Ships, 
were only rehearfed and confirmed, and a Rate fet 
down what jhould be paid for the Freight, or Port- 
age, of the feveral Sorts of Merchandizes from the 
Port of Londan to o^her Places, ai^d from thence 
to London. 

* That no Alien nor Denizen (hall fet up any 
Trade in the King's Dominions ; and they who are 
Denizens fhould be bound by and unto all the Laws 
and Statutes of this Realm, particularly ihofe of 
I4.. Wfff.VIlI.andsi f/M.VIIL above- mentioned. 

' ThatTriHf/ regard oflmpediment of 

ifacveft and Danger of Infedion, fliould be abbre- 


.■i>, Google 

170 The Parliamentary History 

K.Enrjvm, viated. Certain PrivUeges alfo were granted to 
Phyficians in London ; as that they Ihould not keep 
Watch and Ward, nof be Conftables \ and that they 
might pradHfe Chirurgery: Baibers and Chirur- 
geans were alfo made one Company, and certain 
Privileges given them ; as not to bear Armour, or 
to be put in any Watches or Inquefts. 

* A Court alfo of the Firft Fruits and Tcnlhs» 
granted to the King, was erefled, 

* The Court of the King's Wards alfo, and the 
Names and feveral Duties, and Offices thereof, 
was erected. 

* Laftly, a general and free Pardon was granted 
of all Herefies, Treafons, Felonies, and Offences, 
fame particular Perfons and Matters only excepted.' 

The Journals inform us, That, on the 24lh Day 

of yu^, when the King came to the Houfe of Lords, 

with the ufual Ceremony, in order to pafs ihe Bills, 

and to put an End to the Parliament, Sir Nicbalas 

Hare, Knight, Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, 

addrelTed himfelf to the King, on his Throne, to 

this Purport : 

The Spealcei'i * The great World, fays he, contains thefc /eve- 

EDToftbUStf-' ralDivifions, the Divine World, the Celeftial and 

fion. ' the Terreftrial Worlds. By the Similitude of 

* which, Man is faid to be a Micrecofmy that is, 

* a little World, and hath alfo three Parts, viz. 
' a Head, a Bre;ill, and inferior Members. And, 

* in Likenefs of thefe, he afferted that the whole 

* Englilh Government was constituted ; in which 

* the King was the Head, the Peers the Body, and 

* the Commons the reft of the Machine. In all 
' which, as there ought to be a flrid Concord be- 

* [wixt the Head and the other Parts of a human 

* Body, fo Oiould there be the fame Uniformity be- 
' tween the King, the Peers, and the People. The 

* King, adds he, is by Name acknowledged to be 

* the Head of all ; and fuch a Head as moft hap- 
' pily direfls and governs the whole Englifii Confti- 

* tution, by gracioully giving up much of his own 

* Right for the Sake of the inferior Members. In- 
» flances of which are, the preient A£t of Grace and 


p-hy Google 

gr E N G L A N D, 171 

* Pardon ; the Statute for freely devifing two Thirds K. Baj vuu 

* of each Man's Eflate, ijfc. which all openly- 

* teftificd that both Court and Country muft flourim 

* and be happy under fuch a. Ruler ; and for which 

* they ought all, there prefent to render him theit 

* atoA hearty Thanlts." 

At which Words every Man Aood up and bow- 
ed themfelves to the Throne, and the King returned 
the Compliment by a gracious Nod from it. After 
this the Speaker went on, and latd, ' That the 

* whole People of England^ in order to flicw fome 

* Gratitude to his Majcfty, to whom they thought 

* themfelves fo much obliged, that they could 

* never pay him according to his Merit, had, left 

* they Qiould feem unmindful of fuch Benefits, 

* joined in granting a Subfidy, by the Confent of 

* both Houfes, which they freely oiFeted to him. 

* And,U(lly, b^ged his Majefty would condefcend 

* to give the Royal AfTent to the reft of the Bills 

* made ready for that Purpofe.' 

Our Journaliil is very prolix and circumflantial 
in giving the complimenting Speeches and Cere- 
monies, which pafled in the laftDay of theSelTion; 
which the Reader perhaps may have feen more 
than enough of in this Abridgement. We (hall con- 
clude with obferving. That there were no lefs thaif 
feventy A£ls pafled at this Time, tho,' the Statute- 
Boats only mention fifty; but fince all the moft 
material AiSs, or the Titles of them, are given 
before, they ate no farther necefTary here. When 
they had a!! pafied the Royal AfTent, (except one, 
relating to the Merchants Adventurers, which the 
King gave the ufual Anfwer to, Le Ray s'avifera) 
the Lord- Chancellor, by his Majcfty's Command, 
diJTolved the Parliament. 

To thefe Proceedings the Cleric hath added the 
Kote following, which fhcws a very uncommon 
Unanimity in ihe Peers at that Time ; ' 

Hoc anlmaivtrfum //?, qmd in hoc Sejfione, eum jhe fematltaH) 
Proceres dartnt Suffragia et dictrent Sentential fuper Uaiaimity of 
4ilubus trfediilis, ea trat Concordia «t Senteniiarum ''*" ^"^^""'"^' 

■ I,, Google 

172 The Parliamentary History 

X.,BarjWa, Confermitasy ut&t^uli eis tl iorum /ingulis affinft- 
runt Htmint dijcrifanti ^. 

Thomas de Soulemomt* 
CUricus Parliamtntarum. 

Afiairs being now again fettled acccording to 
Henry's Min<), both in his own Family and in Par- 
liament, and he once more blelTed with a young, 
and, what he hoped for, a fruitful Wife, had a 
fair ProfpeS of ending his Days in £afe and Quiet- 
ncfs ; But a very little Time after prefented him 
with a new Scene of Trouble, more unexpc^ed 
than any before it. A fmaU Rebellion happening 
A Rebellion in in rorkjhiri, under the Condu£t of Sir John Ni-viWy 
3^,« fgp. ^1^^ g^jj^g j^^ ^^^^ j^ j^^^^ j|. ^ypprejt-gd betimes j 

and the Leader of it was executed at Yark. This 
gave Occafion for the Execution »lfo of the old 
Countefs oi Salijbury, who had then been a Pri- 
ibner two Years, in the Manner before recited. A 
Jealoufy that this Infurreflion was fct on Foot by 
her own, or her Son Cardinal Peelt's, InftigatJon, 
occafioned it. Not long after which, Henry re- 
folved to make a Progrcfs in Petfon into Yorkjhiri; 
.not fo much, fays the Noble Hiftorian, to extin- 
guiQi the Relics of the lafl Commotion, as thofe 
of Superftition, Miracles, and Pilgrimages : For 
tho' the King continued his Rigour againft thofe 
that difputed either his Authority or the fix Articles, 
and facrificed many on that Score ; infomuch that 
(as both the Reformers, and thofe that were Main- 
tainers of the Pope's Supremacy, fulFered equally) 
his Enemies faid. That, while he admitted neither 
Side, he Teemed to be of no Religion at all : Yet, 
jbys Lord Herberiy this wa& but Calumny, for he 
flood firmly to his great Work of Reformation i 
as the above-mentioned Defign, in the Northern 
Progrcfs, is a particular Inftance. 

Htnry met with fome Vexation in the Midft of 

this Expedition. His Nephew y^mw. King of Sco/i, 

had promifed to meet him at Tark-y but when eveiy 


Y Thii ii I fult Conficmatjaii of what Befia bith adiaoced in 

tb( foregoJog Pigu. 


«/■ E N G L A N D. 173 

Thing was got ready there for the Royal Interview, K. Bmry Viu. 
yams fent him. Word he could not come. This 
Slight was highly refented ; bvt he met with a 
much greater Trouble on his Return to Landsn : 
For be was no fooner arrived, than he was credibly 
informed that his new Queen Kathtrint, who hiiii^Kathrrmiwc. 
been with him all his Progrefs, had been guilty ©f "'^^ ""^ ^''*'""'" 
Incontinency before he married her. The Proof""^' 
againft this unhappy Lady was fomewhat flronger 
than againft any of his former Wives, as may be 
feen iriLord Hirbirt ; who Teems to fupprefs a good 
deal, in regard to the Noble Family from wh«]ce (he 
fprung; but,notwithftandingthis,fl>Kr)fwasfome- 
jwhat puzzled how to get rid of her, and was ob- 
liged to haveRecourfeto his old Method of refer- 
ring his Difficulties to a Parliament. 

Accordingly a new one was called to meet at 
Wtjlminfter on the ifith oi January^ in the 33d Year 
of his Reign » ; where being all affembled, and the 
initial Ceremonies difpatched,7'Afl»nH Lord Audiiy, 
fiill Lord-Chancdlor, opened the Caufe of the^'^^'^'C"' 3V 
Summons in a grave and eloquent Speech, fay the *'**' 
Jeumah, but of fo uncommon and immoderate a tAWifimmjta, 
I/cngth, that the Clerks, being bufy on diiFerent 
Afiairs, could not attend to take even the fleads 
of the whole Speech ; which, they add, would take 
three Hours to write down, and one to read. 
What they could colleft, under the Tide of Com- 
ptndium Orationii^ is to this EfFeft : 

• In the firft Place, the Chancellor declared in The Lord-Ch=n. 

* what Manner Z)flWi^ began his Reign over the Peo- «iioi"' Sp«cii ' 

* pie of God, the Ifraelius : Hedid not pray that Ho- " ^"""s. 'l": 

* nours and Riches might be heaped upon him ; but '™* 

* only that hia Underftanding and Wifdom might be 
' enlarged. GJvt me Uadtrjlanding, that Imayfiarch 

' tby 

aThe Summoni to thiiPirliament.dirtaed firft (0 T&UBiii, Arch- 
Ulhopof CaRKr^Er^Jn th« uAiil Form, the nil of the Bi]1iDps,and 
to all thePecn, ikEjudgei, focneSupinti at Law.ifae King'i At- 
torney and Sollicitor-Ccneial, with (he Mifter of the Rolls, all by 
Name, as alfo to ibc Sheriffs, Mayoii, BaJiiffi, l^i, for tXeSl- 
iog theComnoni, %it_et\ia\\a Rjmtr'iFKi. Arg. Tcai,.XlV. 

.■by Google 

174 7^* Parliamentary HxsTORr 

K.^KuyVa.t.* thy Law; as it is in the Pfalmt. This Undef-^ 
*-ftandinghe alked for, that he might the bettef 

* learn the Things equally neceiTary for both Prince 

* and People. Such was the Calc-alfo in our So- 

* vereign l-iord the King ; who, when his. moll Sa— 
' crcd Majefty fa&. came to the Crown, wifhcd fot 

* nothing more ardently, or fervently, than thaC 

* God would beftow on him Wifdom and Under- 

* Aanding. The Almighty anointed him with 
■ the Oil of Sapience above his Fellows, above 

* the reA of the Kings in the Earth, and above a)I 

* his- Progenitors. This, he added,- very plain]/ 

* appears in three more fhinirg Qualities than 

* others : In the perfedl Knowledge of the Word 

* ofGod,thechicfeftGlory ina King; in iheexa<£t 

* Underftanding of the Art Military, which is the 

* fecond Virtue in a Prince ; and in politic Know- 

* ledge, which holds the third Place, as bringing 

* the greateft Good to the Commonwealth. For 

* the FirJI ; he commended to them all to think, 

* along with himfelf, how his Majefty had over- 

* thrown and vanquiflied that Roman Goiiah, wilh 

* a Sling and a Stone. The Staff of ihe Sling, faid 

* he, was the (Cing ; the Stone was the Word of 

* God ; and the Sling was made of Thread, twift- 

* ed by Preachers j which Threads, or Arguments* 

* were no longer, more fure, or more fubftantial 

* than they ought to be. 

* To the Second, he defired the Lords and Com-' 

* mons to call to Mind the King's great Vidlories, 

* both in Prance and Scotland; which were made 

* more glorious, in that ihey were gained, atone and 

* the fame Time^ in different Kihgdoms. 

' To the Third, he again commended to them 

* to reflect, along with himfelf, on the Peace which 

* had now coniinued entire and inviolate for thirty 

* Years together i when, in that Time, almoit 

* the whole univerfal World was diftraifted with 

* fatal Wars, and Princes fought to deflroy each 
' other by Fire and Sword. 

' Next he laid before their Eyes what Caftles on 

' the Sea Coafis had been new-built, what others 

• repaired } 

p:hy Google 

»/ E N G L A N D. 175 

* repaired ; which, for futqre Ages, would terrify out K. Bmj VIII. 

* fneiuies, and defend the KingdcKii from Inva* 

* iions. 

* Lq^fy, He defired them to confider that, a very 

* few Years laft pail, many civil DilTentJons had 
' been compofed without Bloodlbed by the King's 

* ConduS : And at length, that the Iri/h Nation, 
' a People barbarous and fai'age, had been reduced 

* to Obedience ; infomtich that a Nation, hither- 
' to untra£lablB, now delired to fubmic to his Laws. 

' Xhefe, and an innumerable Number of Bene- 

* fits, conferred upon them by their tnoH illuArious . 

* Prince, he defired them to remember. From 

* whence it plainly appeared that he, like David, 
' from the Beginning, had prayed to God for tin- 

* derftanding to expound the Laws j and alfo to 

* pray fo efFe6lually, that no King, commemorated > 
' in Hifiory, could be compareil to him.' 

At which Words a!! the Peers, as well as the 
Commons, ftood up and bowed to the Throne 
with that Reveience, as plainly fhewed, fays the 
journal, with what willing Minds they owned his 
Empire over them, and what they owed to God, 
who had committed the Government of the King- 
dom to the Care of fuch a Prince. Then the Chan- 
cellor turned his DifcourTe to inform the Aflembly 
why they were called to meet at the prefent Time. 
He told them, 'I'hathisMajeAyhadfummoDed 

* his Great Council, confiding of three di{lin6t 

* Bodies, the Clergy, Lords, and Commons, as the 
' Reprefeoiatives of the People : That thefc three 

* Orders, or States, {hould meet as the whole Body 

* ofthe£«ff/(/6Commonwealth: That from thence 

* they might learn each Man's particular Inclina- 

* tions and Qualities ; and if, fay Chance, any De- 

* fefl or Excefs be found in the Government, by 

* their common Advice and his Majefty's Authori- 

* ty, it might be amended, and the Law made mote 

* vigorous by taking away Superfluities. 

* But, adds the Orator, there yet remains three 
' principal Caufcs for calling this Aflembly : The 

* firft concerned the Honour, Praife, and. Glory of 

' God, 

p -hyGoogle 

17^ 516^ Parliamentdry ttmotiy 

K.iiimyvm. « God, by an Unity in Faith and Concord inReli-* 

* gion ; lifting of different Opinions,' if by ChaAcd 

* any new one had fprung up, or there was yet any 

* old one left to abrogate. And here he mentioned 

* fome particular Royal Laws, or Proclamations J, 
' as, for the true Preaching of the Gofpcl ; for 

* Hofpitality amongff the Clergy j ajid forbidding 

* Pluralities, (ifc. 

• Stcendfy, What chiefly appertained to theif" 

* own Government, was. that it ought to be ftriftljT 

* looked into. Whether the King's Laws were evc- 

* ry, where obeyed by the King's Subje<39 j and, if 

* deipifed, why they were made : For many Laws^ 

* to the no fmall Hurt of the Commonweal, re- 

* main perfeflly unl^nown. This concerned thtf 

* Opprcflion of the Poor ; the Power of Evil-doers, 

* who, would obfervc and keep fome Laws« whilf^ 

* they violated others ; yet io^ as they themfelvcs 

* would explain their Meaning. Alfo the great 

* Number of Kngroffcrs ; the Dearnefsof Vidaal* 

■ in a Time of fuch Abuttdancci ami agaJtlft ftnrdjr 

* BcMars. 

< The third Caufe for tlie Summons, he faiJ, 

* was. That they might fearch into and examine 

■ whether any new Vices had broke out in the 

* Commonwealth, (fince human Nature was a very 

* ingenious Inventor ofEvrl) againft which there 

* were no Laws yet made ; That if they came in 

* Ufe, then new Laws fliould be enai5ted ; in the 

* fame Manner as, for new and unheard-of Difeafes, 

* new Drugs and Medicines are fought after and 

* tried. He then gravely and folemnly toM them, 

■ That, in the framing fuch Laws, the Ctrcum- 

* ftanccs of the Crimes and the QuaHties of tbe 

* Pcrfons ought chiefly to be confidered : For Ex- 

* ample, An Injury received from a Friend or a F»-' 

* miliar, is heavier than one from an open Encmy^ 

* or an unknown Perfon ; and for this Reafon the 
' Crime of High Ticafon ought to be more heavily 
' paniflied.' 

Here the JauTnal breaks off" abruptly, juft wheit 

the Orator was coming to the reat Point, of Caufcf 


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«f E^ N G L A N D. ,77 

lor which this Parliament was called ; and to which K. Barj'YUI. 
all the former Parade of Word* was only introduc- 
tory. Whether this was done by Negligence or 
Defign, in the Clerks, U uncertain ; perhaps the 
latter, that the Queen's Difgrace might not appear 
fo openly on Record, in which the King's Honour, 
to which was then paid the highefi Vencratiotij 
was but too much concerned. 

The Receivers and Triers of Petitions being 
named and appdnted as ufual, on the 20lh Day 
of "January the Commons prcfented to the King, in 
PaiHament, Thomas Mi'jlt, Efq; as their Speaker ; _ 
whofe Ejtcufe for Difabilities, i^c. not bcine al- E^°'speJwi'' 
lowed, he made the ufuai Protcftation for Liberty 
of Speech ; and, after fome high-flown Compli- 
ments paid to the King from this Quarter, he was 

The very next Day a Bill was brought into the 
Houfe, ana read a fiift Time, for the Attainder, on 
the Charge of High Treafon, oi Katherini Hmiard^ 
late Queen of £'n|/^»a', Jant Lady Rocbfgrd, with 
ethers. And in the fame Bill was contained the At- 
tainders, on Mifprifion of Treafon, of jfgnes I^W' 
«ri^Duchefs oi N»rfalk,WiUiam Howardt We. 

On the 28thof the fame Month the Lord-Chan- procccdingi on 
all or declared toihe reft of the Peers, ' How much<'"'Aitiiiii<![iof 
' it conccined all their Honours not to proceed to^^°°^ 

* give too haify a Judgment on the Bill for the At- ' 

* tainder of the Queen and others, which had yet 
*been only once read amongft them : For that 
' they were to remember that a Queen was no 

* mean or private Perfon \ but an illuftrious alid 

* public one : Therefore her Caufe was to be judg- 
' ed with that Sincerity, that there (hould be neither 

* Room for Sufpicion of fome latent Quarrel, or 

* that ihe Ihould not have Liberty to clear herfelf, 

* if perchance, byReafon or Counfel, {he was able 

* to do it, from the Crime laid to her Charge. For 

* this Purpofe he thought it but reafonable that 

* fome principal Peifonsi as well of the Lords as 

* Commons, Ihould be deputed to go to the Queen, 

* panly to tell het the Caufe of their coming, and 

Vol. III. M ' partly 

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xy% 7be Parliamentary History 

titSmjVlO, * partly in order to help her Womanifli Fevs> bf 

* adviung and admonishing her to have Prcfencc of 

■ Mind enough to fay any Thing to make her Caufe 

■ better. He knew for certain, that It was but juft 

* that a Priocefs ihould be judged by equal Laws 

* with thcmrdves ; and he co^d affiire them that 

■ the clearing herfclf in this Manner would be 

* highly acceptable to her moft loving Huftand. 
' * But that fame Anfwer ought to be had from her, 

* and to report the Truth of it to hi> MajeKy, hl« 

* Advice was, that they Ihould chufe the Archbi- 

* fliop of CaaUrbary ; Charles Duke of Sufftli, 
' Grand Matter of the Houfliold i ff^i/iiam Sarlcrf 

* Southampton, Lord Privy-Seal ; with the Bifliop 

* of Wtjlmtnfttr^ if the King's Council approved - 

■ of this. Day after Day to repair to the Queen, 

* to treat of this Matter according as their own 
^ Prudence mig^t think it necefTary.' 

And in the mean Time the Sentence concerning 
the Bill againft het Majefiy was ordered to be fuf- 

On the 30lh Day of the fame Month the Chan-i 
cellor declared to the Lords openly, that the Privy 
Council* on mature Deliberation, difliked the Mef- 
fage that waUo be fent to the Queen ; neverthelels, 
in the mean Time, they had thought of another 
Way, left faulty, to be put to the King, or rather 
, to be all together demanded of him. 

ftrji^ ' That his Majetty would condefcend, ac- 
' COTding to his ufual Wifdom in Council, to weigh, 

* by an equal Balance, the Mutability of all human 

* Afiaiii; that Nature is weak and corrupt } none 

* made free from Accidents, and that no Man 

* can be happy in every Thing : That the whole 

* State of the Kingdom depends on his Majefty's 
' Refolution to divert his Mind from all Trouble 

* and Sollicitude. 

Ntxt^ ' That the Attainder of Thtmat CoUpeptr 

* and FruBcis Dereham, wUh the King's Allent, 

* Oiould be confirmed hyAuthority of Parliament; 

* atfo the Attainder,, on MifpriCon, againft Lord 
f WilUam Htwerdi and that the Parliament might 

* have 

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Sf E N G A L N D. I7j 

* hay$ Lejive to proceed to giv« Judgment and toK. Bf»q»VW» 
f finifli the Queen's Caufe, that the Event of that 

* fiuQnefs may be no longer in Dmibt. 

Thirdfyt ' That when all thefc Things arecom> 

* pleated in a juft Parliamentary Method, wi^ut 

* any Lofs of Time, that then his Majefty would 

* condefcend to give his Royal Aflent to them j 
' not by being prelent and fpealdng openly, as the 
^ Cuflom hath been iii other Parliaments, but ab- 
' fent, by his Letters Patent, under the Great- 

* Seal of England, and {igned by his own Hand, 

* that the Kemembrance of this late and forrowful 
' Stofy and' wicked Fa£ts, if repea^d before him* 

* may not renew bis Giief and endanger his Ma- 
*je%'s Health. 

L^ht ' They were to befeech his Majefi/, 

* that if by Chance, by fpeaking freely on riie 

* Queen, they Iboulcl oScnd againll the Statutes 

* theninbeing, outof his greatClemency he would 

* pardon all and every of them for it. And to pro- 
' pound all thefe Matters to his Majefly, the Arch- 

* biOiop of CanUrbury, Charier Duke of Sufaliy 

* with the Earl of Souihamptony were deputed foT 

* that Purpofe. 

The next Day, being the laft of January, ^6 
Lord Chancellor declared to the Houfe, ' That 

* their Mellage and Requell, of Velierday, had 
' been delivered to his Majefly by the Lords Com" 

* miffioners ; and that the King had denied no Part 
*of their Petition; but had orderly granted ever^ 
' Part of it : That, out of his princely Clemency, 

* and unheard-of Humanity, he had returned theni 
! Thanlcs fpr their loving Admonition in regard ta 
'his Health; which, he faid, he took Care oFi 
f not io much for the Sake of his own Body, ai 
' that of the whole Republic. Nay, his Majefty ' 
' declared further to them than they durft afk of 

* him, as in the Cafe of deliiing Liberty of Speech, 

* tfc. for he told them he granted yet more, iii 

* giving Leave for each Man to fpeak his Mind 
^ mely, and not incur the Penalty which th« 

* Iaws had fixed on tbofe who took the Liberty to 

M 2 * talk: 

■ i.jGoo'^le 

i8o 7J6^ Parliamentary Histort 

iCfiMr^VUIi <tj|]|: on the Incontinency of Qiicensi efpeciall^ 

* when the Taid Perfon did not do it out of Malice 

* or Ill-will, but out of Zeal foi his Service. 

After this the ChanceUor declared to the Lords, 

* That as foon as the Lords CommHIioners were 
> ■ difmifled from his Majefty, a Deputation of fome 

* principal Members from the Houfe of Commons 

* were admitted to his Prefence : But what was 

* done or fatd by them the Chancellor did not weU 

* know ; only he fuppofed that they came to de- 

* liver much the fame Meflage, or Petition, With 
' their Lordfliips. Adding, that, when the Com- 

* mons were dirmilTed, he commanded that both 

* the Lords and Commons fliould again be brought 

* before him together. At which Time his Majeft^ 

* gravely admonifhed them, that they Ihould take 

* great Care in the framing of good Laws, and the 

* due Obfervation of them : That no Man fhould 

* think he was doing his own Bufinefs, fmgly, in 

* Parliament, or that he was called thither for the 

* Sake of his own Advantage \ but to do the Work 

* tending to the Good of the Public: And that 
•every fingle Peer fhould ie(!e£t how much he 

* owes to the abfent Multitude. For which Rea- 

* fon it behoved both Peers and Commoners to be 

* unanimous ; to have frequent Meetings, and talk 

* together of the prefent Bufinefs, of the propofed 

* Statutes, or Bills as they are called, which are 

* before them ; for his Majefly has heard, and 
' with Sorrow too, that the prefent Prafticc of the 

* MembersofthefeHbufesisquitethereverfe; Bills 

* being rejected as difadvantageous to the Common- 

■ wealth, only becaufe they could not be under- 

* flood by the Oppofcrs s nor would thofe that 
< introduced them take the Trouble to make them 

* more intelligible, by explaining their proper 

* Scnfe: So that many good Bills have loft the 

■ Force of Law* while each Party is too obftinate 

* to acquaint the other with their Meaning.' 

Ftbruary ii. The Lord-Chancellor produced 

two Statutes, which had palled both Lords and 

Commons i one concerning the Attaintler of 


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a/- E N G L A N D. iBi 

Ae Queen; and the other about the Method of K.B'wjVjii, 
proceeding againll Lunatics, who, before their 
Infamty, had confelled tbcmrelves guilty of High 
Treafon*( each Statute figned with the King's 
own Hand, and together with his Maje%'s Afient 
to them, under the Broad Seal, and figned alfo, 
which was annexed to the faid Statutes. This 
the Chancellor held forth in both Hands, that both 
Lords and Commons, who were called for that 
Purpofc* might apparently fee it, and that the 
Statutes might from thence have the full Force snd 
Authority of a Law. Which, when done, the 
Duke of Suffolk, Grand Mafter of the King's 
Houfhold, delivered himfelf, in a very fcrioua 
Difcourfe, to this KtFe^ : ' 

He told the Houfcs, ' That he and his Fellow- 

* Deputies, appointed to wait upon the Queen, 

* had been with her ; and that {he had openly con- 

* felled and aclcnowlcdged to them the great Crime 

* Ihe had been guilty of againft the moll high God, 

* and a Und Prince ; and, lailly, againft the whole 

* EngliJh'^aiCwia : That ihe begg'd them all to im- 

* plore his Majelty not to impute her Crime alone 

* to her whole Kindred and Family ; but that his 

* Majefty, howfoever unworthy flie might be and 
' undeferving, would yet extend his unbounded 

* Mercy and his fingular Beneficence to all her 

* Brothers, that they might not fuJTer for her 

* Faults. Laftly, To befeech his Majefly that it 

* would pleafe him to bellow fome of her Cloaths 
' on thofe Maid-Servants who had been with her 

* from the Time of her Marriage ; fince (he had 

* now nothing elfe left to recompenic thcro as they 

* flcferved.' 

The Earl of Soulhampten, Lord Privy-Seal, 
next flood up in the Houfe, and, in near the 
iame Words, confirmed what the Duke had faid. 
Adding, - ■ ■ 

Here theJaurval-Beoi breaks ofF very abpi'uptly 
M 3 again ; 

> We ciDnaC lOigD, from Hiftocy, inj RnloD for th'n Bill't paT- 
Knt It thLi Time ; and do only guefi that rame of ihc PeTfang con- 
Kraed with the Q^een wuc either ically lun nud oc ftigoed tluiA- 

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i ?a The ParUamenttffy History 

K.Mr^Tt|fr again; and we u-e only told that the Chanceltof 
prorogued the ParHamcnt from that Dajr, being 
Satnrdaj, to the Tuejiaj following. 

This laft Hiatus In Manufcripta, along with the 
former, makes it fecm e* ident that they were not 
donebyNegledoftheClerks, but by DeCgn ; and 
waa a Trick of State to prevent Poflerity from 
being acquainted with fome Matters, not con- 
fillem with the Relbeft they then paid to their 
Grand Monarch. It is not impoJlible that this 
iarther Declaration might be the fame which Bifhop 
BtirntI fays the Queen made to her Confeffor, Dr, 
H^hittf a^erwards Bidop of IVmehtJitr ; ' In con- 

* felBng the Mifcarriages of her former Lifcj before 

* the King married her j but flood abfolutely to 

* the Denial of any Thing afterward ; and that fhe 

* took God to Witnefs and all his Angels, upon the 

* Salvation of her own Soul, -that fhc was guiltlefa 

* of that Ad of defiling her Hufband's Bed, for 
■ which Ihe was condemned. Yet, adds the Au- 

* thor, the Lafcivioufnefs of her former Life made 

* People incline to believe any ill Thing that could 

* be reported of her '',' The Parliament was pro- 
rogued from Saturday, February 1 1, to Tuifday the 
I4lh of the fome Month; and on the 13th (Silhop 
Burnttiaya the 12th, which could not be, for it 

TheQuwnini vras Sunday) the poor Queen and Lady KachfoTd 

J^^*/"^ loft their Heads on r(W/r-/f///. 

Some more Claufea were inferted in this Aft of 
Attainder of the Queen, i^c. proper to be taken 
Notice of. In the firft Place, (he was accufed by 
it for taking Dereham into her Service, and ano- 
ther Woman into her Chamber who had known 
her former ill Life, by which it appeared what 
{he intended to do ; and then permitting Ctleptper 
to be alone with her in a vile Place fo many 
Hours in the Night : Therefore it was enaSeiT, 
That (he and they, with the Bawd, the Lady 
Roikfard, fliould be attainted of Treafon ; and that 
the Queen and the Lady Rochferd fliould fuffer the 
Fains of Death. 


' H Bund's Bljerj tflti Sifirwati'tii, Vol. I. p. jij. 

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«/■ E NGL A.N D. i8| 

That the Duchefs Dowager of Ner/tH, tlteKra>r|VUij 
Countels of Bridgewater, her Daughier, the Lord 
William Howard and his Lady, with other four 
Mep- and five Women, already arraigned by the 
Courfe of common Law, that knew the Qucen't 
vicious Life, and had concealed it,£hould be attaint- 
ed of Mifprifion of Trtalbn. 

It wras alfo enafled. That whofoever knew any 
Thing of the'Qliecn's Incontinence, for the Time 
being, fhould reveal it with all poffible Sj]eed, un- 
der the Pains ofTreafon. That if the Kins or his 
Succeflbrs fliould intend to marry any Woman* 
ivhom they taok to be a pure and clean Maid, if 
fhe, not being fo, did not declare the fame to the 
King, it fbould be High Treafon ; and all who 
knew it and did not reveal it, were guilty of Mif- 
prifion of Treafon: And if the Queen, or the Wife 
to the Prince, fhould procure any Man, by Mef- 
fages or Words, to know her carnally,' or.any othes 
Ihould be SollicItorB for her in this Affair, thejr« 
their Counfellors, and Abettor5,fhould be adjudged 
AS Traitors. 

Bifhop Burnet makes fome Reflections on thele 
two lall Ctaufes in the A£t ; he writes, * That it 
' was thought extreme cruel to be fo fevere to the 

* Queen's Kindred, for not dilcovering her former 
■ ill Life; fince the making fuch Difcovery had 

* been inconfiHent with the Rules of Jullicc or 

* Decency. The old Duchefs of Ntrfsli, her 
'Grandmother, had bred, her up from a Child ; 
< and for her to go and tell the King that ihe was 

* a Whore, when he intended to marry her, was 

* a Thing unheard-of; and the not doing it could 
' not have drawn fo fevf re a Punifhment from' any 

* but a Prince of that King's Temper. Biit the 

* King pardoned her and feveral of the relt, tho' 

* fome continued in Prifon when the reft were dif- 
' charged. 

* For the other Part of the AQ, obliging a 

* Woman to reveal her own former Incontinence^ 
' if the Kirtg intended to marry her, it was thought 

* a Piece of grievous Tyranny : Since if a King, 

* efpc- 

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184 3^ Parliamentary History 

K.VoDjrVIII. * erpecialty one of fo imperious a Temper as this. 
< Wiis, Ihuuld delign fuch an Honour to any of his 

* Subject who had failed in their former Life^ 

* they muft eillier defame themfelves, by publifh' 

* ing fo difgiaceful a Secret, or run the Hazard of 
« being afterwards attainted of Treafon. Upon 

* this, thofe that took an indifcrcct Liberty to rally 
' that Sex, unjuftly and feverely faid, That tho 

* King could induce none that was reputed a Maid 

* to marry him : So that not fo much Choice as 

* NecefBty put him on marrying a Widow about 

* two Years after this '. 

Aeu p»nM. The Journal gives the Titles of forty-four pri- 

vate and public Afls paffed in this SefTion of Parlia- 
ment; the Sw(»f<-fiMii only thirty-nine. What 
are the moft remarkable amongft ihefe Acts, Lord 
Herbert hath extraflcd as follows ; 

* That they who, under Colour of a falfe Token 
« or counterfeit Letter, got other Men's Money into 

* their Hands, Ciould be puniflied at the Difcretion 

* of thofe before whom they were convided, any 

* Way but Death. 

* It was declared alfo how many Ston'd Horfes 

* every Man fliould keep according to his Degree. 
« But this was afterwards repealed ; though yet of 

* fpecia! Ufe in Defence of the Kingdom, when 

* due Regard of the Perfons were had. 

* Further it was declared who might alfo fhoot 

* in Guns and Crofs Bows. 

* Moreover, that (hooting with Bows and Ar- 

* rows (hould be ufed, and unlawful Games dc- 
*■ barred. 

' The Order alfo for Punifhment of Murdcrand 

* Bloodftied . in the King's Court, with all the 

* Ceremonies thereof, was fet down ; the Occafion, 

* it fetms, being given by ?>\r EdmondKnevet, who, 

* being lately condemned to lofe his Hand for tlus 

* Fault, was yet pardoned. 

* The Authority of the Officers of the Court of 

* Wards and Liveries was fee down. 

' That 

« BBrmt'l Hifiw) of ihi Rifermeli 
h& wu repealed, 1 Ed. VI. caj). lii. 

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g/* E N G L A N D. 185 

* Thatin certain Cafes there fliouW be Trial oiK.BntgVUL. 

* Treafon in any County where the by Com- 
'miffion will appoint; and this faved much Trou- 

* ble and Charges : For as divers Things were made 
' Treafon in this King's Time, which yet were 
' repealed afterwards, fo the Lords of the Council 

* were not only continually vexed with tbefe BuH- 

* nefles, but the ICing at great Charges tn rcmand- 
*ing the Prifoners.' 

* That none Ihould be JulHce of Affize in his 

* own Country. 

* The Court of Surveyors of the King's LandSf 

* the Names of the 0£&cera there, and their Autho- 

* rity, were fet down. 

* All Pra£lice of Conjuration, Witchcraft, and 
' falfe Praphcfy, was made Felony.' 

On the firft Day of Apri/ the King came to the 
Houfe of Lords, when we are only told by the 
Journal, that the Parliament was prorogued from 
that Day to the third of Novembir following. 
We Iball only mention one Thing more, which 
happened during this Sefflon, related by the Noble 
Hiftorian, as a Wrong done to the, antient Privi- 
lege of Parliaments. 

' It feems that a Member of the Houfe of Com- RemarJubl* 
noHS was arreted, in an A£tion of Debt, whilft ProcHding, on 
the Houfe was fitting. The King was no foonerf'"""'''"B* 
informed of this, than he not only permitted the jj^^ of Com- 
Commons to releafe him, but he punifh^d thcmaai. 
Offenders. The two Sheriffs of Lendan were com- 
mitted Prilbners to the Tawer j one of the Bailiffs 
to a Place called Little-Eafe, and the reft to New- 
gaii. By which Means, adds he, the King, 
whofe Mafter-piecc it was to make Ufe of his Par- 
liaments, not only let Foreign Princes fee the good 
Intelligence between him and his Subjedls, but kept 
them all at his Devotion.' 

This is a!l the Noble Hiftorian fays of this Mat- 
ter; but one of our antient Chronicles'^ is much more 
fircumilantial about it : Becaufe, fays this Author, 

j lUUi^Zjhiad, p. 9J5, 956, 

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i86 The Parliamentary History 

K. Bmrj VIU. as the Cafe hath been diverlly reported, ^nd is 
- commonlj alledged as a Precedent for the Privi- 
lege of Parliament, he had endeavoured to leartt 
the Truth thereof, and to fet forth all the Circum- 
Jlances at large from thofc who, by their Inilruc- 
tions, ought bcA to Icnow and remember it. 

This Author tells us. That the Member's Name 
was Giarg* Ftrrtri, Efq; a Servant of the King's* 
and eleSed a Burgefs for the Town of Plymeuthy in 
Dtvonfiire : That one Day as he was going to the 
Parliament- Houfe he was arrefled, by a Procefsout 
of the King's Bench, at the Suit of one ffbittf 
for the Sum of two hundred Marks, for which he 
Aood engaged, as a Surety, for one H^tUon, of 
Salijbury, and carried to the Caunter in BrtaMrttt. 
Sir Themai Maylt, Knt. the Speaker, bung inform'd 
of this, acquainted the Houfe with it, who forth- 
with ordered the Serjeant at Arms to repair to the 
iaid Prifon and demand thePrifoner. 

* The Serjeant went immediately to the Cotrntin 
but the Clerks and Officers there were fo far from 
delivering the Prifoner, that they forcibly relllled 
liim; broke the Seneant's Mace, and knocked 
down bis Servant. During this Squabble the two 
Sheriffs of Louden, Rovjlaad Hill and Henry Sucb- 
tliff, 6amc thither, to whom the Serjeant complain- 
ed of [his Abufe, and of them required the Delivery 
of the imprifoncd Member; but they not only 
d^ied to deliver him, but treated the Serjeant very 
con Cemptu null y ; and he was forced to return 
without him to the Houfe. 

Finding the Members fliil fitting, the Serjeant de- 
clared to the Speaker all the Circumllances of his ill 
Ufage i upon hearing of which the whole Houfe, 
among whom were fevera! of the King's Privy 
Council and Chamber, would fit no longer without 
their Brother Member; but rofe up and went in a 
Eody to the Houfe of Lords, where their Speaker 
informedtlie Chancellor what agreat Indignity was 
put upon them. The Lords nnd Judges there 
affembled, foot the Contempt to be of a very high 
Nature, and referred the Punifbinent of it to an 
■ Ordw 

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eT E N G L A N D. iSf 

Order of their own Hoare, The Commons re-K. fforjjvni.' 
turning, after fome Debate on the Cafe, foon came 
fo a Rcfolution to fetid their Serjeant to the Sheriifs* 
Houfe, and require the Delivery of the Prifonec 
without any other Warrant : For tho* the Lord- 
Chancellor had offered his Wnt to them, the/ 
lefufed it -, as Judging that their Commands were 
to be executed by their own Seijeant, with hi» 
Mace, without anv other Authority. 

But before the Serjeant at Arms came with thit 
fecond Meflwe, the Sheriffs had been told how hei- 
noully the Matter was tak:en ; and therefore they 
, now delivered the Prifoner to him without any 
Hefitation. But the Serjeant's Orders went further i 
he charged the SheriiFs to appear perfonally befors 
the Houfe at Eight o'ClocIc the next Morning, and 
' bring with them the Clerks of the Counter, and 
fuch other Officers as were concerned in the Affray. 
The next Day the Sheri^, We. appeared at th« 
Bar of the Houfe ; when the Speaker charged theni 
with the Contempt and Mifdemearour, and com- 
manded them to anfwer immediately, withoulf 
allowing them any Connfel ; tho' Sir Ragtr Chsim- ' 

Itjf Recorder of Landon, and others of the City 
Counfel, offered to fpeak in the Caufe. In the 
£nd, the Sheriffs, and fyhitt the Profecutor, were 
committed to the Tewir, and the reft to Neiugattf 
as aforefaid. There they remained two Days ; 
and then, on their own Petition, and at the hum- 
He Requcft of the Lord Mayor of Londati, and 
Other Friends, they were difcharged. 

But there flill remained another Difficulty to 
fettle : The faid Ferrers being condemned in the 
Debt, and lying in ICxecution for it, but releafed 
by the Privilege of Parliament, could not, by Law, 
be again put under Execution for the fame Debt; 
^nd fo the Party waa left without Remedy for his 
Debt, as well againft him as his principal Debtor. 
This knotty Point in Law was debated in the Houfe 
for nine or ten Days together. Ac laft it was 
refolvcd to make a particular AS to revive the Exe- 
pition of the faid Debt againft Wildtn^ the Prin- 

p-hy Google 

i88 The Parliamentary History 

' *• B*rF'VIH« cipal, and to difcharge Ftrrtrt of it, This occx- 
fioned a Divifion in the Houfq, and it was onlv 
carried for Ftrrm by 14 Voices. 

The fame Authority informs. ui, That the King, 

being advertifed of thefc Proceedings, called before 

• him the Lord-Chancellor and his Judges, with the 

Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, and feveral of 

the chief Members of that Houfe, to whom be 

declared his Opinion to this £fre<Et : 

«!i^'k'°*\ ' ^* ^^^ commended their Wifdoma in main- 

^^^C'*'" « laining the Privileges of their Houfe, which he 

* would not have infiinged in any Point. He 

* alUdged that he, being the Head of the Parliament, 

* and attending in his own Perfon on the BuHnels 

* thereof, ought, in Reafon, to have Privilege for 

* himfelf, and all his Servants in Attendance on 

* him. So that if Firrtrs had been no Burgefs, but 

* only his Servant, in refpe£t of that he ought to 

* have Privilege as Well as any other : For 1 under> 

* fland, fays he, that you enjoy the fame Privilege 

* not only for youifelves, but even for your Cooks 

* and Horfe'Keepers. My Lord-Chancellor, here 

* prefent, bath informed me that, when he was 

* Speaker of the Lower Houfe, the Cook of the 

* Timplt was arreted in Lendsn, on an Execution 

* upon the Statute of Staple ; and becaufe the 

* faid Cook ferved the Speaker in that OiGce, he 

* was taken out of Execution by the Privilege of 

* Parliament. LIkewife the Judges have informed 

* us that we at no Time ftand fo high in our EUate 
' Royal as in the Time of Parliament, wherrwe, 

* as Head, and you as Members, are conjoined 

* and knit together into one Body Politic ; fo that 

* whatfoever Injury is done or ofFered during that 

* Time, againft the meaneft Member of the Houfe, 

* is judged as done againft our own Perfon and 

* whole Court of Parliament. The Prerogative of 

* which Court is fo great, that, as our Learned in 
' the Laws inform us, all Ai3s and Procefles, co- 

* ming out of any other inferior Courts, muft, for 

* that Time, ceafe and give Place to the Higheft. 

' And 

.:!>» Google 

t>f ENGLAND. \^ 

* And as touching tlje Plaintiff in this Caure ; K. Btwj Tin. 

* it was a great Prcfumptioii iii him, knowing our 

* Servant to be one of this Houfe, and being warned 

* of it before, ftill to profecute this Matter out of 

* Time ; and therefore was wdl worthy to lofe 
' his Debt, which I do net wifli ; and muft Com- 

* mend your Equity that, having foft it by Law, 

* you have reftored the fame againfl him that was 

* his Debtor. And if it be well confidercd what 

* an Expence it hath been to ourfelf and you all, 

* as well as Lofs of Time^ Whicli fiiould have beeil 

* employed in Affairs of our Realm, to fit here 

* near a Fortnight about this one private Cafe, 

* he may thinlt himfelf better ufed than his Defert. 

* Xhis I hope will be a good Example to other) 

* to learn better Manners, and not to attempt any 
' Thing againft the Privilege of this High Court 

* of Parliament ; but to ftay for a proper Opportu-- 

* nity. This is my Opinion, and, if I err, I muft 

* refer myfelf to the Judgment of our Lord Jutlicej ' 

* here prefcnt, and the other Learned of the Laws/ 

Upon which Sir Edward Mantacate, Lord Chief 
Juftice, very gravely gave his Opinion, confirm- 
ing, by divers Reafons, all that the King had faid; 
which was afiented to by all the reft, no one fpealc- 
ing to the contrary. 

In the Interval of Time, afligned by the hft 
Prorogation, the Face of Affairs changed greatly in 
England; and the profound long Peace, which the 
Nation had for many Years enjoyed, gave Way to 
War and Btoodftied. It' firft broke out againft 
Scotland i the Grounds and Reafons of which may 
be feen in Hall and our larger Hiftorians. Henry 
Carried his Refentment fo high againft his Nephew 
yamei, as, amoogft other Demands, to revive the 
Claim of Homage and-Fealty, as due to him out 
of an antient Title to that Crown, 

War was proclaimed againft Stullond in tbeA Wm wiA 
Month oiO£lobir, 1 542 ! and when the Parliament?,"'''"^ "^ 
met on the 3d of November, according to Proro- 
gation, tlvey were again adjourned to the 22d Day 

p: by Google 

190 ^ Parliammtary History 

K. BiBTj vin. of January following. In this fliort Intervgl • 
War with Franet was alfo refoived onj and, in 
prder to raife Money to fupport the Expence of 
both, the Parliament was fummoned to meet, at the 
Time appointed, in order to fit to do Bufmefs, 

AiiBoIt^]4. \n t\i& Jiumais is no Opening of this fecond 
IS43. Seffion by the Lord Chancellor's Declaration, aa 

At ififimtfiir. ufua'- And though the Houfes continued fitting 
ftom the Timeafbrefaid, to the i ?th Day of A/ay, 
yet there arc no particular Speeches, or Declara- 
tions, made by any of the Great Officers of the 
Crown, to be found in thofe Records. On which 
laft mentioned Diy the King came to the Houfe 
of Lords, and again prorogued this Parliament to 
the 3d Day of November following. 

But tho' there are no Speeches in the 'J^urnalsy 
vet the Detail, or Catalc^ue of all the Statutes made 
in this Sellion, to the Number of forty-nine, (tho* 
there are but twenty-fix given in the Statute- Bosks) 
ihew that a good deal of Bufmefs was done in it. 

AOaa^ei, The. principal A6t that pafled both Houfea had 

the Grant of another Subfidy tJrom (he Laity in- 
cluded in it. It was ordered to be paid to the 
King« in three Ye^rs, after this Manner: 

* They who were in Goods worth twenty Shil- 
lings and upwards to five Pounds, paid Fourpence 

A$a\&ii, ud of every Pound ; from five Pounds to ten Pounds, 

wU^rii. Eightpence ; from ten to twenty Pounds, Sixtcen- 
pence; from twenty and upwards, two Shillings^ 
' All Strangers, as well Denizens as others inhabi- 
ting here, double the Sum ; Strangers not Inhabi- 
tants,- that were fixteen Years old and upwards^ 
paid Fourpence for everj* Head or Pole. As for 
Lands, Fees, and Annuities, every Native' paid 
£ightpence in the Pound from twenty Shillings to 
five Pounds ; from five Pounds to ten Pounds, Six- 
te^npencf ; from ten Pounds td twenty Pounds* 
two Shillings; from twenty Pounds and. upwards* 
three Shillings ; Strangers flill, after ^ILtfaefe Rates, 
doubling the Sum. As for the Cle^y, they 
granted a Subfidy of fix Shillings in the Pound, to 
be paid off their Benefices in Perpetuity in three 

p:hy Google 

«/• E N G L A N D. 191 

Vears followiiigi and every Prieft having no Per-K.HurjTiu. 
pctuity, but an annual Stipend, paid yearly, during 
the Taid three Years, fix Shillings and Eightpence. 
Befides which, by Occafion of a Dearth of Vic- 
tuals, a Sumptuary Law was made, whereby the 
Mayor and Sheriffs of Landen, as alfo the Sen'eants 
and Yeomen of their Houfes, were limited to a 
certain Number of Diflies ; They were alfo for- 
bidden to buy certain Kinds'of Fowl. Neverthe- 
lefa, in regard of the great Confluence of People 
in this Parliament- Time, and the Scarcity of Fifii, 
the King, by Proclamation, difpenfed with eating 
of White-Meats in Lent; forbidding yet the eat- 
ing of Fkfh fo ftriitly, thai Henry Earl of Surrey, 
with divers Lords, Knights, and Gentlemen, were 
imprifoned for offending herein.' 

The Preamble to the above Grant ftts forth ' the ' 

* Expence the King had been at in his War with* SoMiyv 
' Scotland, 3,aA for his other great and urgent Occa- 

* (ions ;' by which was meant the War with ^riinMj 
which broke out in earneft the next Summer. 

Cranrntr, and the other Reformers, took this Op- 
portunity to pufh on the great Affair of Reforma- 
tion ; and tho' it was much oppofed in Parliament, 
yet Burnet informs us thai his Refolution carried it 
thro', tho' not in fo dear a Method as he propofed it; 
forthe Bill was clogged with many Provifoe5,vyhich 
tendered it very much fliort of what he defigned. 

The Title of this Bill is, vtn Aafor the Advance- ^a. f" R'ftr- 
mtnt ef true Religien, and Aholi figment afthe contrary. '^"""' '^ ^*'>* 
The Preamble fets forth, < That many feditious and 

* ignorant People had abufed the Liberty granted 

* them for reading the Bible ; and great Diverfity 

* of Opinions, Animofities, Tumults, and Schifms, 

* have been occafion'd by perverting thtfSenfc of the 

* Scripture : To retrieve the Mifchiefs arifmg froni 

* thence, it is enacted, That a certain Form of or-' 
' thodox Do^rine, confonant to the infpired Wri- 

* tings, and the Dodlrine of the Catholic and Apo- 
' ftolic Church, fhall be fet forth as a Standard of 

* Belief: ThatT^Wa/'sfalfeTranflation o'f theOld 

* and New 7'cflamenr, and all other Books touch- 

♦ ing 

P hyGoogle 

192 the ParJiamehtary HisToRr 

KiHarji/vl, « ing Religion in the £fi^/i^ Tongue, contrary fa> 

* the Articles of Faith, or that Summary of Doc^ 

* trine publifhed by the King in 1 540, or anyTime 
< after during his Majefly's Reign, {ball be fup- 

* prefs'd and forbidden to be read in the King's 

* Dominions. 

• All Printers and Bookfellers are prohibited print- 

* ing or vending any of the faid Books. The ex- 

* pofuig the Doctrine of the Religion eflablilbed, in 

* Plays and Ballads, is lilcewife prohibited under deep 

* Forfeitures and Imprifonment. All Books like- 

* wile impugning the Holy Sacrament ol the Altar, 

* or maintaining the damnable Opinions of the 

* Anabaptifts, are prohibited under Forfeitures and 
« Fines. The reading the Bible is likewife prohi- 

* bited to all under the Degrees of Gentlemen and 
■ Gentlewomen.' After this follows a Provifo of 
foine Liberty, « That it {hall be lawful for all Per- 

* fons whatfoever to read or teach all fuch Do£irine 

* as is or (hall be fet forth by his Majefty fince the 

* Year of our Lord 154.01 and alfo the Plalter, 

* Primer, Pater-Nofter, Aye, and Creed, in Eng- 

* lifi>. And if at^ Spiritual Perfon (ball preach 

* or maintain any Thin? contrary to the DotSrinei 
^ above-mentioned, he mall recant for his fiiH Of. 

* fence, abjure for his fecond, and bear a Faggot; 

* and for a farther Relapfe (hall be adjudged an He- 

* retic, fuffer the Palm of Burning, and forfeit all 

* his Goods and Chattels ".' 

There ate two favourable Provifoes upon this 
PiSt;firJi, ' The Chancellor of England^ Generals 

* and Officers in the Field, the King's Juftices, the 

* Retxtrders of a City or Town, the Speaker of 

* the Parliament, and all other Officers, Juftices, 

* and Miniilers, which have been accullomcd to de- 

* dare any good or virtuous Exhortations in any 

* AfTemblies, may ufe any Part of the Bible as they 

* have formerly ', with this Limitation, that ibey 


h Simula HI Urgi, 34 Henry VIIl. af. >. 

< To undeiftmd the Meanint of thii Pcovifo, ve are to obfetve 
thil it wai ufuil (or the Loid-ChincclU). jii^gei, RecocdfK, &c. 

to take aTeii for their Spccchci upon public Occalioru. Of Ittit 

then ate innnbeilefi Jnitaucet in the foiegoiog Shetti, 


of ENGLAND. tpj 

'diJ notratle any Diicourie contrary to the Doc- K« *»jt vni» 
* trine fet farth^ or to be fet forth, by his Highnefs.* 

By another Provifo it is dialed. That tbe King 
might alter or fet aiide the Ai^, or any Part of it. 

Bifbop Burnet takes Notice of another A& paf- 
ki this Parliament, which made Way for the Dif- 
folution of Colleges, Hofpitals, and other Founda- 
tions of that Nature. ' The Courtiers, as he con- 
tinues, had been praSiUng with the Prefidents.and 
Governors of fome of the& Houfes to rcflgn them 
to the Kin^: The Refignations were penned in 
the fame Stiie with the Surrenders of Monaticries : 
Eight of thefe Inilrumenta were procured and in- 
rolted : But the Progrefs of this Defign was check'il 
by the local Statutes of mofl of thefe Foundations, 
For by thefe Provifions no PrefttJcnt, or any other 
Fellotvs, could make any fuch Deed of AlicnaticHl 
without the Confent of the. whole Society : But 
fuch an unanimous Concurrence was noteafily - '- 

gained. All fiicfa Statute^ were now nulled^antl 
none for tbe future to be fworn to them ''.' 

We fhall not trouble Our' Readers with the good 
or ill £ffe£b of the Fritifh or Scets War, fb amply- 
treated on by our more general HifiotJans. How 
far the Parliament was concerned in any Thing re- 
lative thereto, is (iifficlent for our Defign 'i 

In the Year 1543 Hinry thought fit to take an- 
OdierWifc; biit being debarred, as it were,' by the 
late A£t from marrying a Virgin, (for no Lady was 
willing to run the Hazard of Being thought other- 
ways) he found himfeif obliged to marry the Lady fi*"'/ """i" 
Kathtrine Parr, Widow toihftLord iflo'^A^r, who ^''^^,J'"^J;''^'; 
was dteemed a Lady of great Worth, and, being 
ncrt over young, was a ht Matcli for his Bed; Soon 

Vol. m. N after 

d /ij#5^(/rfi.B^=«Mf;.-, V<,l:,l. p. 314. 

Nephew, and leftsa only Daoghtec, called Mary, jifur/irds Queen 
of Salt. Gnit Paiiu wereuken by Hinrf Id bring iboUE aMatCh 
betiveen thit yoong Piincdi, and hia Son.Prince Edward, then abott 
fine Years old, ia order to unjle the two Kiniidoina hi ever ; tiut 
tho' the ParliiRKac of Salland agreed to the Mateh, yM It provid 
abbrtire in the EnD, the fracb Politics at thatTime overwciBhrng 
AtEaglifi. £/?«/, f Si.— There are foineFoinli of tbe Negotiilion 
eliting to.tbia H;it£b pterciicd in Rjmer's Find. A*g. Tocn, XIV. 
Ill btc AiiKt 

p:hy Google 

^94 The Fifrliamentary Histort 

SuBimjWS, after Williiim Lord Parrt hci Brother, was maAe 

K^rl oiEJftx, and otbers of her Relations preferred. 
In fliort, lays Lord //«ri^/,.the King lived ap- 
parently well with her for the moft Part ; but, addi 
be* all this fcemed nothing to him, unlets be parted 
always in good t'erou with his Parliaments ; for 
Jie accounted a Parliament his moft loyal Spoufe.; 
, and not without Reafon, for be never defired any 
Thing of them wtuch they did npt perform. Some 
more Inftanccs of which wc meet with in the next 
AnwR^SS.Seffion, which began, according to thKjaurnabt 
15441 yaauary 14, without any Mention madeuan Ad- 
At WeSminStT. joumnicnt ftom the 3d of Novtmbtr laft to that 

- WemeetnithnothingremafkaUeihthe Begin- 
ning or Progrefs of this Seflion, but the Bill brought 
into the Houfe ofLords for altering the King's Stile 
or Title, HtrtTy had thought fit, fome Time before 
AirfiffuBMithethit, to afliimetohimfelf the Title of &■«£«//«. 
J^^ '^"^ °-^/<i«i, and had prevailed upon the Parliament there 
to recognize him as fuch ; and. now being laid be- 
fore the Houfe of Lords in England, they alfo paf- 
fcd it, and lent it down to th^Houfe of Commons^: 
'But, on the 4th of February, a Committee was fent 
froqi the Lower Houle to defire a Conference with 
the Lords about it. The Names of thefe Com- 
inilBbners weie, Sir Richard Rich, Chancellor of 
the. Court of AugniGntiilonE > Sir John Baitrt 
Chancellor of the JDxchequer,3nd Sir Robert SoutB- 
ttw//,- Keeper of the Rolls. The Lords readily 
agreed to this, and appointed twelve of their Houfe, 
inc. the Archbilhop ' of . Cffnf/r^Mrr, the Ouke of 
Nor/oJi, the Lord RuJ^l, Lord Privy-Seal ; the 
Earls aiSaliJbury, EJJtx, and Hertferd; Vifc. Lijk; 
the Bifliops of Winchefitr and f^eflmmfttr ; the 
Lords St.. 'John and Wr'tBtheJUy, who wereto meet 
on\heMorrow, at Eight o'Clocfc in the Morning, 
with a Committee of the fame Number from the 
Commons, in the Parliament-Chamber, to confult 
together about this Bufmefs ^ 


r Theie ire but eleven c^ tlie Lords namid, Tbe Cepier oF cbc 
"Jtaratk nukci thii V-enult, Thai tbc {.srd Bfjil bdng PHiy. 

.:!>» Google 

df En G,L AND; 195 

.^c are not told by the ytnfnal^hat was dotieK.H(f7Vllfi 
or faid at this Conrercnce ; bnt that the next Day 
the Bill for altering the King's Stile was fcnt from 
the Commons ; and the Cl«rlE takes Notice that k 
tnuft be a'new Bill, probably agreed upon by tfe 
Commiffioners, fincc it was read again, and paffei ' 
in the Houfc of Lords as fiich. ft was ordained , 

by this Aft, That the King's Stifc of King e/Eng- 
lang, France, (ifif;f Ireland, Dtfender tf tht Faithi 
and of the Church ef V.n^2.nA, and alfo tflteWM, 
in Earth, the Supreme Head, fliall be united and 
annexed for ever unR) the Imperial Crown of thi) 
KeaJm of England^. By this Aft alfo it was de- 
icfared where, and before whom, Treafons ami- 
tnitted QUt of the Rcalin flkould be tAsA. 

■ On the 7lh Day Of Fttntaiy, another Aift, of 
fiill more public Concern than the former, was 
brought into the Houfe of Lords, and read* iirft 
Time. This was to fettle theSucceffion to the 
Crown, after the Demife of thcKing; wherebi 
the Princefs Mary, Dau^tr to Katherint his fait 
Qaeen, was declared legitimate, and put undei a 
Poffibility of fucceeding to the Throne : And the 
whole Bufincfa was fettled amongft his Children 
in fuch a Manner, as far as by our Laws a King it 
wsrr^iedi that ^ Caufe of Competition was tz- 
Iten away by it. The kGt paflcd both Houfes on 
tbe i6th, without any Oppolttion, as we fuppofe j 
and, flnce ffifhop Bunut hath abridged it, WO think * 
it worthy of a Place in thefe Inquiries. 

The Aft contains, * That the King being noWAa for kt\\\n%. 

* to pais the Seas, to make War upon ^his antient'*" SucmiTidb n 

* Enemy the Pmch King, and being defitous to**" *^"*"* 

N 2 : • fettle 

Seal, mi di« Lord St. Jehu, Chimbcrluo oF tba Houfhold, wer« * 

this Vay nljfnit fiom the Houfe j ind yel ihey s«re ippouited Coin- ' 
tniflioners for this Conference. ^«( ntundua, fci, at thii Day, 
Vfis. TtrnfetiJacAi, and in Ihe'rimecf (he UwQumd fAzdbrfr, 
of faDioui Memory, b; Ihe Onier and CuHara of (he Monfei none 
latj be DiMle >. ComniQuiner in toy Bill, who is not pieCeni it fijcli 
1 NomiiiaiJon ; except the Matter of the Bill do concern fome Of. 
&e, lir fpeciil Oieafion, wheieln fueh abfent Perfon 19 employed. 
' E Rapin ind hi« Annotitor lie both piilty of a MiiUke, in »f' 
foim(, Tb.i the Title of >fj,,jr c/InltiJtiu confirmed in ihe ]]d 
yeuofhisRdta, fidi hiji. if EiglaxJ, Vol.1. p.Sji.No.i. 

.:i>, Google 

t96 5^ Tarliamentary HiStory 

R.Zbw7 VUI, I fettle the Succeffion to the Crown ■, it is enade<f« 

* That, in Default of Heirs of Vnac^ Edwards Bo- 

* dy, oc of Heirs by the King's prcfent Marriage, 

* the Crown fliall go to the Lady Mary, the King's 

* eldeft Daughter : And, in Default of Heirs of her 
■ Body, or if ihe do not obferve fuch Limitations 

* or Conditions as fliall be declared by the King's 

* Letters Patent under his Great Seal, or by his 

* Laft Will, under his Hand, it fliall next fall to the 
^ Lady Elizabeth and her Heirs ; or if flie have 

* none, or fliall not Iceep the Conditions declared 

* by the King, it fliall fall to any other that Ihall be 

* declared by the King's Letters Patent, or his Laft 

* Will figncd with his Hand.' There was alfo an 
Oath'dcvifed, inflead of thofe formerly fworiii 
both againft the Pope's Supremacy, and for main- 
taining the Succeflion in all Points according to 
this hGt i * which whofoever refufed to take was 

* to be adjudged a Traitor ; and whojbevcr fhould, 

* either in Words or by Writing, fay any Thing 

* contrary to this A61, or to the Peril and Slander 

* of the King's Heirs, limited in the A3, was to be 

* adjudged a Traitor.' This was done, nodoubtj 
, upon afecrct Article of the Treaty with the Empe- 
ror, and did put new Life into'the PopiOi Party* 
all whofe Hopes depended on the Lady Mary. But 
how much this Icilened the Prerogative, and the 
Right of SucceJSon, will be- eafily dilccrned, the 
King in this ending -an unufual £xtent of his'Own 

* Power, tho' with the Diminution. of theRigbts of 
his Succcilbis, 

March iq. When the whole 6u(iilefs of this Sef* 
fion was expedited, the Lords, in their Parliament-^ 
Robes, and the whole Houfe of Commons, with 
their Spealter, all waiting the King's Coming to put 
an End to it J the Duke of A'ir/itt, Lord-Treafurer, 
in Ihe Abfence of the Lord-Chancellor, who was 
then on his Death* Bed, acquainted the Houfe, 'That 

* the King was prevented from coming to them, by 

* fome urgent Bufinefs that required Difpatch ; but 

* that his Majefty,-conridering how long this Seffion 

■ had 

.■!>»■ Google 

g^ E N G L A N D. ipf 

* laftcd, and that none had abfented from it, with J^- ^Wl VUI. 

* the Expencc that oiuft attend fuch a Stay ; like- 

* wife the great Labour and Pains they had taken 

* in framing a Set of new Laws, which his Majcfly 

* had carefully perufed: Therefore he had firft 

* commanded him to acquaint them, in fail Maje- 
- * fly's Name> that he fmcerely thought them no 

* Icfs good SubjetSs to him, than ufeful ones to the 

* Kepublic. That his Majelly had alfo command- 

* «d him to praife their'ftudious and honeft Inten- 

* tions, not doubting but that their Pradice and 

* his Love to them for it would ever continue. 

Laji/y, the Duke faid, 'He, 3" humble Subjea,o,h„^^^_ 

* was commanded to tell them, in his Majefty'sfcdbJC«fflsuf- 
* Name, that to alt the Bills which they had got '><>«• 

* ready he would give his Royal Afient. Adding^ 
' that his Moft Serene Highncfa had not done this 

* only by his Mouth, butnad alfo fent bis Letters 

* Patent to confirm it,' 

After which follows a Copy, in Englijh, of the 
letters Patent, wherein is recited the Tides of all 
the Bills thaE were to be, by the Royal Ailent, paf- 
fed into Statutes ; which being read by the Clerk of 
Parliament, the whole AiTcmbly, fays the "Journal^ 
buift out into loud Praifes and Encomiums on their 
good King, who thought his SubjeiEls worthy of 
fifch goodXaws. Then theDukcof Niir/brt pro-, 
cceded to tell them, * That now they were all fen- 

* llble in what good Part his Majefiy had taken 

* their Labours, by condefcending to give his Royal 

* AJlent to all and fingular their Bills, none but 

* one, relating to the referving of Tenures, except- 

* ed ; which was then ordered to be cancelled.' 
The Duke, laftly, told them, ' That his Majefty 

* thought this a fit, if not a necelTary, Opportunity, 

* that every one of them Ihould return to their own 

* Homes. The Wari now breaking out on every 

* Side, and his Majelly intending this Summer, by 

* God's Grace, to ailert his jufE Right to his Pa- 

* trimony i(i France, their longer Stay might be a 
*■ Hinderance to bis Preparation ; he had therefbrq 

* granted his Letters Patent to commiffion certain 

, N 3 * i-ords 

p-hy Google 

tgS ■ The Paririmetitary'irhsTott>Y 

^■S'^Vai,*liOfda to difiblve this Parliament; which, after 
* leading of the faid CommiSion, was difiolved 
*. accordingly.' 

Mr. Collier informs us. That, durlfiz this Sefliona 
Sir >A» Giftw'icky Knight of the Shire for the 
Counn of Bedford, made a Speech in the Houfe 
againfc Archbifbop Crannur^ chinging him with 
cncouracjing novel Opinions, and ttiat his'Family 
. waa a Nurfcry of Hcrefy and Sedition. Bifhop 
Gardiner was fuppofed to be the chief Promoter in 
this Hufinefs. This Speech of Gojlwickh heing of 
the Nature of an Impeachment, feveral Lords of 
the Privy Council, moved the King, that fmce 
Cranmer lay under an Imputation of fo high a Na- 
ture, he might be difnafled from ihc Board, and 
committed to the Towtr till Inquiry was made intq , 
the Truth of what was commonly reported ; for, 

" they faid, the admitting the Archbithop to the Privy 
Council would difcourage Informations. But the 
King, ddds oar Author, happening to penetrate in- 
to the the Matter, found that there was more Art 
than Truth in their Clamours againft Cranmfr, and 
therefore difmifled the Bufinefs. 

In Hx'Jouraals arc the Titles of twenty-five 

. public and private A(?is ; in the Statule-Booist only 
eighteen.' An Abftrait of the moft material are 
given by Lord Herbert, as follows : 

* That no Perfon ibould be put to his Trial up- 
on any Accufation concerning any of the Offences 
comprized in the Statute of the fix Articles, 31 i/^«- 
ryVlll. 14. hut only upon. fuch as (hall be made by 
the Dath of twelve Men before Com miffio nets au- 
thorized; and thePreftiitmeiit (hall be made withiir 
one Year after the Offence committed : That no 
Perfon ftial! be ^rrcfted, or committed to Ward, for 1 

, ■ any fuch OiFence befoie he be indifled: That if . 
any Pteacher or Reader (hall fpeak any Tiling, in 
his Sermon or Reading, contrary to any IVlattcr 
contained in the fix Articles, he (hall he accufed or 
indifled thereof within forty Davs, or elfe (ha!| be 
I difcharged of the faid Offence ; And this alfo qua- 

}(M X little the Funifhment of [he fix Articles. 

^ That 

■ i>, Google 


■ Thai .the Lords ^nd. Cotsffloni Ihall rcdiif Ati-K.^Mi)Vttl, 
to the King all Ach Sums of Money as. he badbw 
rowed of them iince the Rj& of yanuarf. Ami 33 
of his Reign. 

. ' That certain Tenurel'&all be refeiveila at the 
King's Pleafure, upon Houfts Sod Lancb, bdnjf 
Ibnietimes Abbey-Lands,, Aiiuler Forty ShilKtigi a 

* That all Perfons who have any Hoiifes^ 
Lands, Gardens, and other Grounds In the Towa 
of Cambridgt, adjoining upon etrery High-Way, 
Street, or Lane, in his own Right, or th^ Right of 
his Wj/e, i^c. ihall caufe the fame to be parcdj 
with paving Stone, unto the Middle of the famo 
Ways, and in Length as their Grounds do extend ; 
and fa fliall, from Time to Time, maintain thcm^ 
updn Pain to forfeit Sixpence' for every Yard fi]uare, 
not fufficiently paved, to the King and Infoimer : 
And, had this Statute extended to the other Cities 
and great Towns of England, it wodXd have been 
much, to the Beauty of them, and Commodity of 

* That the King fliali have Authority, during his 
Life, to name thirty-two Perfons, viz. fixtccn Spi- 
ritual and fixteen Temporal, to examine ail Ca- 
nons, Conftitutions, and Ordinances, Provincial 
and Synodal, and to edabHIh all fuch Laws Eccle- 
fialitcal ia fliall be thought, by the Kii^ and them, 
convenient to be ufed in all Spiritual Courts. But 
this, it feemsj expired with the King's Life ". 

* An Ordinance alfo (never fufficiently, to bo 
commended) was iMtde foj; Prefer vation of Woodsj 
which, being too long and particular to rchearfe, X 
Ifaall defire the Reader to perure in his Place ; there 
heing no Law either more ufeful to this Kingdom, 
in regard of our Navy and otherwife, or whereof 

■ the Infraflion can with more Difficulty be re- 
paired ; fo many Years, if not Ages, being required 
before they can come to that GrowJh which any 
ralb.Hand itiay cut down in a very fliarc Space.' 
... Levies 


i^Q. The ParUanunfary HisTofcr 

tfKfvVWi Leria and Preparations were now made t^ 
carry on the War both againd Franct and Sea*— 
fandi and over thp latter Kingdom Henry'v Army- 
gained ereat Advantages by the taking and burning^ 
i^ Ediitiurgh, and other Towns in thacNeighbour- 
))obd; Nor was he lefs follicitous about France, 
having tranfportcd an Aj-my of 30,000 Meti to 
Calais^ and a<£tually went over to conduA the War 
in PerTon. 

Lord Herlertf and -the larger Engiifli Hiflorians, 
may be canCulted for a patticular Accqunt of-thefe 
Wars. Whatever the Succefs was, it may well 
fceni not to be worth the Expence, when- the King's 
Neccflities drove him to very mean Ways to raife 
Money for carrying it on ; for tho' he had much 
enriched hinirclf with the Revenues of the Aipt- 
prefled Abbies, and, befides, had' great Subfidies 
and Loans liroin his Subjefb, yet Fortifications, 
Shipping} and other Provifions, had exhaufted his 
Trea&ire. Add to this, he found out that his 
crafty Neighbours had well nigh drained liis King- 
dom of the current ^'Iol1ey, whilH they made great 
Advantage of it in their own. To remedy which 
£vll the King both enhanced our Gold from 45 s. 
to 48 *. an Ounce ; and Silver from 31, 9 rf. to 
4 J. He lUtewife caufed fome new-coined bafe 
Money to be made current, though not without 
much murmuring. He had borrowed alfo divers 
Sums of Money of difFcrcnt People, giving them 
Monty tiiMbt^"')'"^'^'^ ^^^ '''^''' Security. But all not fup- 
aBenevolencefotplying the vaft Expencc of the War, Htnry'liX 
Mtrying on thaon fgot the old PtadlJce of raifmg Money by a 
*"' Benevolence; and, in the Year 1544, he ap- 

' pointed Co mm ifli oners to colleft it. beginning at 

hmim with the Lord Mayor and Aldermen. It 
is remarkable that amongjt thofe Magiftrates there 
was one, called Riad, that refufed to pay his 
Share ; on which he was feized, and (ent to fervc 
in the War againfl the Seats \ where, in the Battle 
at Antram, the next Spring, he was flain. Many 
cxcufed themfdves alfo by their Penury, in regard 
the King had taken up lb much Corn from tbenn 
■-■..■■■■■- -^i^ 

p: by Google 

«^ ENGLAND. '201 

IhUYear for his Ufe, and not as yet pa^'ngforit;K.B<>ryTiii, 
fb that, in EfieA, this Benevolence raifcd not fo 
much Money as Htnry expend, a.nd what was 
colleded came with much Grudging >. 

All thefe Ways and Mqtns not anfwering the 
intended Purpofc, Henry had Recourfe to his old 
Friends the Paillament, who, in the Courfe of 
bis whole Reign, never refufed him any Thing 
be aiked of them. Accordingly Writs were lent 
out for a Parliament to meet xt ff^tjiminfter Qa^'^'^*v^tH 
the 23dDayofyiw«B*«r, in the37th Yearof hi« '**^ 

The Clerics have again neglet^ed. to infert tht 

initiating Speeches qnd Ceremonies at the Opening 


1 ABenevoteKe printed to the King by (lwSubj*£la, DponCom- 

miflbn to all the CauDticB, 36 H/ntf VIII, jliai Iju. 1 

tmmSlryftSAffniix o/Rtcori,, tfo.CXIX, m)iaEicIiJ. 

Vol. I. 

vr ^ 


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p-i>y Google 

^0^ The. FdrJiamentaiy HistorV 

%,Btmy\m, of th'B PBrJiiownt,, in the Jeurnal; and we met* 
with nothing more tban the NaiAes of the Peers, 
and the Receivers and Triers of PetitJons. 

Ntv, 27. A Bill wai brdu^t into the ffeufe of 
Lord) for the aboliilhing of t^n^fies, znd irf fome 
Books tainted with falfe OtHnions. It was read 1 
firft Tlnwy and cDoatnitied to the Archh'dhop of 
Canttrbury ; the Lord Patuht, Grand Ma&r jA. 
the Houlbdid ; the Earls of Htrtftri ah^ Bhreajf- 
iurj.; the Bilho}» of EIj^ Sarem, and IVircifrri 
the Lords De la Wartt MorUy, and Ferrtrs,, for 
E^taminaliou. * 

I'his was a good Beginning, but it ierved onl j 

as introdu<3ory to worfe Matters ; for, on the r4th 

A Subfidr J »nd of Dtcrmber, a Bill was brought up to tfic Hi6uTe of 

Eff*f:io„„f1j! Lords, from the Commons, by Sir fhomd! Cheysty^ 

CoHegM, Hofpi- Treafurer of the Houfhold, and others of the prin- 

^i*,'3t, cipal Members of that Houfe^ for granting a Sub- 

fidy to his Majefly : And thenfkt Day another Bill 

was read a firft Time for the DiiTolution of all 

Colleges, Chantries, Hofpitals, Free Chapels, i^e. 

Which two Bills pafled both Houfes without any 


The Subfidy wis is. %d. in the Pound on , 
Goods, and 4;. in the Poiind on Land, t6 be all 
paid within two Years. Xhe Clergy alfo granted 
61. in the Pound ; which was afterwards confirifl- 
«d, as the Cuflom then begun, by the whole Par- 

But the Bill for the DifTolutton of Colleges, idc. 
' made much more Noife in the World ; and, as Lord 
Htrhiri well obferves, nothing could be pleaded in 
fixcafe for it but the King's Neceflities, which 
every Man muil think violent;, when, adds h'e, 
Chey retrenched iipon the reverend Foundations 
o'f Colleges, Free Chapels, Chantries, Hofptlais, 
Fraternities, Brotherhoods, Guilds, and Stipen- 
diary Priefls, which had Continuance in Perpe- 
tuity; together with all their Manors, Lands, and 
Jlereditaments, which were now committed m the 

■ i>, Google 

tf EN GL A N D. aoj 

Kmg's Di^r^I ; and that th^ fliould be in theiCJVr VUU. 

Order and Survey of the 'Court of Augmentations ;, 

the Right to others yet f^ved, and leveral Provi- 

lioqs yet made. The Motive for bringing in this 

Bill was alledgcd to be the King's great Charges 

in his Wars with i^ran^ and Scotlasd; as alfo the 

Abufes of the Rulers and Governors of the faid 

Colleges, ^c. Upon which, and the King's fiJemn 

ProiQifc to the Parliament, that all Jkmd hi dent 

totbt Glory af Ged and cammott Profit oftbeReabnf 

the Bill was pa/Ted *-. 

By this it appears jiow liberal the parliament was 
in git-ing away other Men's Goods; and it may b« 
I'eaf(>nably believed that, in diflblving and giving 
up the Chantries, i^c. they would, if it had been 
-required, have given up-the Churches alfo where 
they were founded. 

There are no lefs than thirty-two Titles of Afls, 
palTed in this Parliament, in the fotirralfi the 
Statute-Boois give us only twenty-five. The other 
Bills of any Significancy, which were pafled into 
Statutes this Seflion, are thefe.: 

* An Aft how Offenders in Ufury (hould be Oiter AtK 
«uni&ed ; and a certain Proportion of Ten in the 
Hundred was limited : Which yet, had it been 
lower, would have made Lands more valuable* 
Merchandize and Victuals cheaper, and adventu- 
ring by Sea .more frequent ; that lazy,Way of 
thriving being more oppofite than any Thing elfe 
to that Induftry by which all Kingdoms TubfiS ani 

' That where a full Jury did not appear, aTales 
lai^tha giAMcA de Circuinftanlibui ; and this was 
IDUch for the Expedition of Jufiice. 

' That whereas the Lord -Chancellor of Eng- 
iandi Lord-Treafuter, Lord-PiefidentoftheKing's 
Council, Lord-Piivy-Seal, and the two Chief Ju- 
ftices, or five, four, or three of them, fliould have 
Power, by their Difcretions, to fet the Prices of all 
Ifind of Wines, as by the Ait 28 Henry VUI. 14. 


t JC(jui«, Vol. II. p. 153. 


f 04 5^' Parliamentary HrsTour 

||,aM9 vni. appeareth. ' The Time was now ipecified to ba 
betwixt the 20th of Nmtmbir and the laft of Dr- 
Hmhtr\ and that if any Wine-Seller Oiould fell 
iiis Wine, in Grofs, at »ny other Price, that the 
Mayor, Baililfi, Aldermen, We. may enter into 
bis Houfe, and fell it according to dii Rate Ux 

* B^anodier A^ threefcorc and ten Manors 
are afliired tb the Crown, belonging to the Arch- 
bifliopric of Yark. The Afl mentions Archbifhop 
iielMti had fold and conveyed all thefe Manors to 
the King the Year before. It is fatd Halgate had 
l^verai Lands, Tenements, and other Heredita- 
ments, in Exchange-, but not (b much as one 
M^nor is mentioned. Mr. CtUier obferves, the 
Church in this Reign, the next, and Queen EUxa- 
hetb'tf made gencrallj ill Bargains with the Crown, 
and bartered atG/(ia<;»i'sDifadvantagc: But then, 
^3 thefe princes bought very cheap of the Prelates* 
they fold with the lame Franknefs to their Favou- 

* By this Statute it appears Cranmtr had convey-* 
ed about a Dozen Manors and Parks to the Crown, 
which Sales are now confirmed. Bonntr, Uifhop (rf 
Lendon, had likewife fold, given, and granted to the 
King, the Manors of Cbelmsfird atid Craundm, 
with all their Appurtcnaricea. This Manor and 
Park of Craundon the King had granted to Sir Wil- 
liam Petrt. The King's Title and Sir miHam'i 
sre fecured by this Statute. Farther ; Doctors of 
Civil Law, whether married or unpiarricd, are 
enabled toexercifeall Manner of Ecclcfiafticalju- 
rlfdi<£lion, and all Ccnfurcs ?nd Coercion appertain- 
ing, or any way belonging to the fante. This Sta- 
tute fets forth, that ArcbbiOiops, Bifhops, Archdeai- 
cons, and other Ecclefiaftical PerfonE,have no Man- 
ner of Jurifiiidion Ecelefiaftical, but by, under, 
and from his Royal Majefty: And that his Majefty 
is the only undoubted Supreme Head of theChurc^ 
of England and Inland; tbwhom, by Holy Scripture, 
itU Authority and Power is wholly given to ^ar 




*/• E N G L A N 0. 2of 

■faii determine all Manner of Caufes£cdefiafttca],K.EM)7VUli. 
and to corre^ Vice and Sin whatfoever, and to all 
fuch Perlons as bis Majefty Oiall appoint thereunto. 
* Laftly, a .Bill paJTed for the Union of two 
Churches not above a Mile diftant, provided the 
'early Value did not exceed lix Pounds in the 
'.ing's Boolts. But here there is a Provifo, Thai 
no Union or Confolidation ihould be made in any 
City or Town Corporate, without the Confent M 
the Mayor, Sheri^, and Commonalty.' 

The Parliament continued to lit 'till Chri/imas- 
Eve, when the King came to the Houfe, palled 
Bills, and prorogued it to the 4th Hay oi Nevtmbtr, 
in the next Year. This is all that is entered in the 
yourHals i but HitiorianS are not fo filent, for we 
aretold that, after theSpeakerof cheHoufe of Com-* 
mons had made an elegant Oration, on prefeiiting 
the Bills to the King, his MajeAy, in Perfon, 
made the enfuing Anfwer ; which, fays the Noble 
Hillorian, is the more roemotable, fince it was both 
full of good Intention and Advice, and the lall hd 
ever fpoke in that Place. And, we may add, the 
lirfi: too; fmce we have not met with any Speech 
hitherto that was Ipoke by this King in Parlia- 
ment '. 

j^Ltheugh my ChancetUr far thi Tliru iflng hdth^Tbe KiVt 
■" b</trt this Time, uftd -uery ehquently andfuhjian- Sp™'' "■ P"- 
tialljto makt Anfwer to fuch Orations at hath beenfet'^^^^'^^^'^ 
forth intbis High Court of Parliament ; yet is he not fo 
i^le to open and fet forth my Mind and Meaning, and 
the Stereti of my Heart, info plain and ample a Man- 
ner as I myfil/am, and can do i wherefore /, taking 
upan me to anfwer your eloquent Oration, Mr. Speakfr, 
fay that when yeu, in the Name of our beloved Com- 
mons, have both praifed and extolled me, for the no- 
table polity that yeu have conceived to be in me, I 

i T-bii Speech ii in ff-ilTt Cinmich, who-rery probably heard it, 
lot herayt, it iiilnearukeDaibeiiBble tortpottk. F»/.cdti. 

Bi(bopAiiriiMf(T<>Tbi>lhr cannot fufficieuclywoiideilbil no Ea- 
Xtj ii made in tbc Jiurfsli of the Hoafe of Lanls of ihit Speech j 
jet it ii not to be doubted but Hnry mide it, Oaot, addt lie, it Kti 
f ubliOKiJ bjr Ha/I Ctma aftci. 

: I, Google 

*o6 ^The Pariiamenfary HisTORif 

K. Bimy VIII, ffigjl hiartiiy thaiik you all, that you have put me tn 
Remembranct of my Duty ; which ir, ta endtaveui- 
myfilf to obtain and git fucb ixctlltvt ^alities and 
nea^ary Virtun, as a Prince er Governor jbnttld and • 
eugbt lohove ; of which Gifts I rtcognize myfelf hotb 
iare and barren; but of Juth JmM ^ualitits at 
Cod hath endowed me withall, I render tg bit Goad- 
ntfi my maft humble Thanks^ intending, with all my 
Wit and Diligence, ta get and acqaire to me fuch no- 
tableFirtuesand princtly^Oatities as youhavealUds- 
fd to be incorporated in my^irfin. Thefe Thanh far 
ytur loving Admaniiion and good Counfil firji remem- 
hred,I eftjosns thank you' again, hecavfe that yon, cm- 
fdering aur great Charge, (not far our fleafure, but 
far fur Defence j net for our Gain, but ta our great 
Cojl^ which we have lately fujiained, atwellin De- 
fence of your and aur Enemies, as far the Conquefl of 
that Fartrefs, which was ta this Realm mofl difplta- 
fantandnoifame, andJhaHhe^by GbtTs Grace, hert' 
afier, to our Nation mrift profitable and pleofant) havi 
Jrtily,af your own Mind!,^raMed lo us a certeinSub- 
fidy here in an AUfpicified; which, verily, we take in 
good Part, regarding more your Kindnefs than tht 
Profit thereiff ; aihe thai fetteth'ltiaYe 'by your laving 
Hearts than by your Subjiance. Befides thit htartf 
Kindnefs, I cannot a Utilt rejoice, when I.confider the 
pirftil Truji and Confidence which you have put in 
me, as Men having undoubted Hope, and unfeigned 
Belief in my goad Doings and jii^ Proceedings far yoUt 
who, without myDefire orRequefi, have committed to- 
mine Order and Difpifttion all Chanlriei, Coltegesi 
Hofpitals, and other Places fpfcified in a certain Jflfi 
firmly trujling that I will order them to she Glory ef 
God, and the Profit of the CammJinwealth.. Surely if 
I, contrary to yaur Expeitatisn, fhould fuffer the Mi- 
nifiert of the Church to decay ; or Learning, which it 
tobe unreUeved;you might fay that l,beirgput infofpf 
iialaTruJ}, as lam in thit Cafi, were no triifiy Friend 
ttytu, nor charitable to mine, nor even a Cbriftian, 
neither a Lover of the Public H^'ealtb, noryit one that 
feared Gody to whom Account mufl be rindtrei of all 

■ i>,Got)^lc' 

. tf EN GLAND., ioy 

larDoings. Daubf not, I pray you, but year Ex- K.BnorVllfc 
ft^atien JkaU be fervid moregadty and gaadiy ihan 
jtu win wijh er defire, as hereafter you Jhall plainly 
fereeivt ". Nmuy fiace Ifindfuch Kindnefs en your 
Part towards me, I cannot chuft but iove and favour 
yau J affirming, That no Prince in the ff^arld more 
faveureth bit Subje&s than 1 da ytu, nor no Subjeitt 
vr Comment more loved and obeyed their Sovereign 
Lord., than I perceive you do me ; for vihofe Defence 
my Treajure pall not be hidden, nor, if Ntctffity rt- 
quirtf my Perfin fitall not he unadventured : Tety 
aitbo' J wi/h yau and youvjtjb me to be in this perfeM 
Love andCancerd, this friendly Amity can't continue, 
except both you my Lords Temporal, and my Lards 
Spiritual, and yau my loving SubjeSis, fiudy and-taie 
Pains to artiend one Thing, which furely is amifs and 
far Mtt of Order, to which I majl heartily require 
ym .% v/hich is, that Charity and Concord it nai aming 
you, hut Difor.der and Dijfention beareth Rule in 
every Place. Si. Paul faith to the Corinthians, in 
Chap. xiii. Charity is gentle, Charity is not envious. 
Charity is not proud, and fo forth, in the faid Chap- 
ter. Behold then, what Love and Charily is among 
you, when the one callelh another Heretic and Ana- 
kaptifti and he callelh him again Papiji, Hypocrite, 
■ and Pharifeel Be thefe Tokens of Charity amangji 
yau ? Are thefe Signs of fraternal Love between you ? 
No, no, lajfure you that this Lack of Charity am^ongji 
yourfehes, will be the Hinderance and A^uaging of 
thejervent Love between ui, as I faid before, except 
tbit Wound he fahed, and clearly mode whole. Imufi 
needs judge tot Fault and Occafion of this Difcord 
to be partly by Negligence of you the Fathers and 
Preachers of the Spirituality : For if I know a Ma» 
ivbich liveth in Adultery, I mu/l judge him a leche- 
rous and a carnal Perfan : If fee a Man boafl and 
hraghimfelfy I-cannot but deem him a proud Man. 
I fee here daily that you of the Clergy preach one > 
again/i another ;' teach one contrary to another ; envy 

■> Till) WIS a Iblentn EDgagement, itjt Bilhop GaJinyn, Cate- 
Tvm Prmifiir^ai fidcm nmltm txieuiaa vidianii ; i. i. The E»ent 
lid ODE conic up to tbe Fromife. Ctdieyni Annal, ad An. 1545' 

■ i;Got)^lc 

2o9 ^f Parliamentary HiSTORr 

K. tfM^vni* one again/} atutber, witt/put Charity or Difcrilion ^ 
famt be ua Jiiffin thtir eld Muroprimus, otoert be 
tea hufy and curims in their new Sumpfimus. Thus 
all Mtfii almeft, be in Varietj and Di/ctrdj andfno 
or none preaching truly and Jmseruy the Word ef^ 
Cod, according at they caght to da. Shall I judge 
gQU charitable Perfans doing this ? jV«, »fe, / cannot 
it Jo. Alas f hew can the poor Sauli live in Con- 
terd, when you Preathtrsfew amengjl themi, in your 
Sermons, Debate andDifiord? Of you they lookftr 
Light, and yau bring them to DarAnefs. Amend Aefe 
Crimes, I exhart yau, and fet lui God's ffordy htb 
hy true Preaching andgaod Example -giving ; or elfe 
/, whom God bath appointed his Vicar and High 
Minijler here, will fee theje Diviftons extina, and 
theje Enormities cerreited, according to my very Duty, 
or tlfe 1 am an unprofitable Servant and an untrila 
Officer. Jitho' 1 fay the Spiritual Men he in fomi 
Fault, that Charity is not kept amongfl you, yft yeU 
of the Temporality be nat clear and unjpotted ef Ma- 
lice and Envy ; for you rail at Bijhops, fpeak fcan- 
ialavjly of Priejis, and rebuke and taunt Preachers i 
toth contrary to goad Order and Chrijiian Fraternity. 
Jfyou knowfurely that a Bijhop or Preacher errtth^ 
or teachith pervtrfe Dailrint, ceme and declare it to 
fame af our Council, or to us, to vihom is committed, 
by God, the high Authority to reform and order fueh 
Caufei and Bihaviaurs ; and be not Judges yourfelvtt 
af your fanteiftic Opinions and vain Expsfttions, for 
tn juch high Caufes yau may lightly err : And Althf 
yau be permitted ta read Holy Scripture, and t» have 
the Word of God in your Mather-Tongue, yau mufi 
tinderJlffTid it it Ucetifed yau fo to do, only to inform 
yaur own Canfciences, and inJlruSl yaur Children and 
Family ; and not to difpute and ihake Scripture a 
railing and taunting Stock again/} Priejli andPrtaebr 
trs, as many light Perfons da. I am very forry to 
inaw and hear hew unreverer.dly that moji precieui 
Jewel, the Word of God, is difputed, rhymed, fung^ 
and Jangled in every Alehouje and Tavern, contrary 
to the true Meaning and Dolh-ine of the Jamt ; and 
jit 1 am 4vtn as much Jorry, that the Readers if 


p -hyGoogle 

ef E isr G L A N D. 209 

ihefamtfellmv it, '" ^fl'«i it fo faintly and caldly j f» K. Ow-j VUI. 
5^ tbit I am furt^ that Charity was luvtr fo faint 
ameng/l yau, and virtuous and gadly Living was 
never iefi ufed, ntr Ged bimfelf amengfl Cbr^iant, 
vias ntver left reverenced^ henvurid, er jetvtd : 
Tbertfore, as I faid befart, be in Charity tne with 
anether ; Hie Brother and Bretber lave ; dread and 
fear God i tc the which I, as yaur Sifpttme Htad 
and Sovereign Lord, exhort and requiri yau ; and 
, thtn I doubt net but thai Love and League, that t 
ffake of in the Beginning, Jball never i>t difcot^agti 
ar broken between us. To the making afLawt, which 
we have now made and concluded, J exhort yau, tht 
Afaiers, to be as diligent in putting them in Execu- 
tion, as you were in making and furthering of the 
fame ; or elfe your Labour Jball be in vain, and your 
Commonwealth nothing relieved. New to your Pc 
iitian, concerning our Ri^alAfftnt to be given tafucb 
ASs as have faffed both the Houfes, tbty Jball be 
read openly^ that ye may bear them. 

When this Scffion of Parliaineht was ended, and 
the two Univerfittcs given to underfland that their. 
Colleges were at the King's Dirpofal, that of 
Cambridge iirft implored his Favour, befecching j^^ y . 
him to defend their Podeffions from the covetous vufitbi f^tibn 
and greedy Minds of ignorant and unlearned Men. iga'"" the has 
The Univerfity of Ojford petitioned alfo to the g^^^^jj'*^ 
£une Purpofe, and Dr. Cox, Dean of Oxford^ Tu- 
'tor to the Prince, wrote to Secretary Paget, *, to>lv- 

* prefentthe WantofSchools,.Preachers,HorpitaIs 

* for Orphans, fs'c. And fince the Difpofition of 

* Chantries, (^c. was in the~King's Hands, to ob- 
' tain that the Clergy might be honeflly provided 

* for ; left Beggary fhould drive them to Flattery, 

* Superftittori, arid old Idolatry. Which, adds he, 

* I fpeak not as if I diftrufted the King's Goodnelc j 

* but becaufe there are fuch a Number of impor- 

* tunatc Wolves, as arc able to dcftroy Chantries, 
' Cathedral Churches, Univerfities, and a thouland' 

* Times as much, whichPofterity will wonder at".* 

Voi.m. O Jn 

B Kinut, Vat. II. f, s;^. 

.■i>, Google 

tio ^e "Parliamentary History 

ICHtwyTlM. In (hort, the two Univeriities were faved frotn 
■ Plunder, but the Chantries, f^c. went down, the 
' Lands belonging to all which being fold, mull raife 
8 prodigious Sum of Money : But, tho' Htnry was 
now in the laft Year of his Life, we do not find that- 
much of this Treafure was left to his Succeffor. 

Aniw Rejni j8. T^ejaumsl furnifhes us with another Seffion 
1547. of thh Parliament, which, as hath been faid, was 
prorogued to the 4ih of Nevemiier, but was again 
adjourned to the 14th otyanuary following, when 
they met to do Butinefs, Lord Hierbert hath not 
one Word of this lafl Seffion, tho' fome Things of 
a public Concern were tranfafied in it ". 
Doke of C>i the 18th of the fame Month a Bill was 

IMiU u»d liiibrought into the Houfe for the Attainder of Thamat 

Sod <be Bui ofDulce oi Norfolk, and Htnry Earl of ^urr^his Son. 

Aamjratttintot.^t was read a firft Time, and committed to the 
King's Sotlicitor-General for Examination. The 
Bill padcd the Houfe of Lords the 20th of ^(niKarji, 
and was returned, palTed by the Commons, the 24th. 
On the 27th of the fame Month the Lord-Chan- 
cellbr, nOw the Lord Jf^rhtheJJey, ordered all the 
Peers to put on their Parliament-Robes, and that 
the Commons, with their Speaker, fbould be called 
before him ; which done, the faid Chancellor de- 
clared to both the Houfes, That it was his Maje- 
fty's Defire, for certain Reafons, that (hey fltould 
expedite the Bill for the Attainder of Themas Duke 
of Norfolk and Henry Earl of Surrey as faft as 
poffibEe. And for this Caufe chiefly, that the King 
might be enabled to beftow the Office of Earl Mar- 
fliai, we fuppofe, borne by the faid Duke, on fome 
other, who by juft Right might execute it at the 
Ceremony of the Creation of Prince Edward^ 

• BIAuip Barnit malcci thti i ncv Pirliiineiit, when it ii plain 
b^ tbe ynrttb, which lu hail Iccn, tbu it wai anl; i ContiDiiaDte 
of Ihc Ult. He vrticei. That ibe Reifon for caUing it wis pieiend- 
ed to be for the CoronsCion of the Prince of !Valci. He (houjd hive 
f'id. FDrtheCreiIionofPrincc£d'v>^>'>'tothitDiEnityj tbeRobei 
and OinunenCB bein^ novr preparing fnr that Putpoie, b~Jt was pre- 
TOlted by Ihe King', Dwth. S« H^M> Hijiorj of lU Rifirmf 

litn, p. g and 14. 


of ENGLAND. , air 

then approaching: Which Bill all the Lords uid^BimyVni. 
Commons had alieady patSkd i and therefore, be- 
caufe the King was hindered by Sicknefs from co-' 
ming^to the Houfe to give hia Royal A0eiit to the 
fame, his Majefty had dire^ed a Commiffion to 
him and other Jjords} there /itting, in his Name to 
give the Royal AiTent to the fald Bill p: Which 
Commiffion, dated yan. 27, in the 38th Yeat of 
bis Reign, figncd with the King's Hand, and under 

O 4 the , ' 

r This Tu th« lall AQ of SuW that Bnij ci 

Urii ADgliae'; Willielmo Poulii, ^u/Jim fiien OrJinii Gtmrll 
Militi, DsmiHi Sejnt joha, Mar>ir> Magiftr,, & Sctafcalla Htfpitii 
ittfiri « PrifidiMi Conf,Ui Kofiti | Johinni RuficI, tj^fiim facrt Or. 
iimh GartBti Miliii, Dtmi'O AaRri, Cuftti Privaii SiriUi mfiri | 
« cariffim Caofangnpa fn Edwaida CohW Hertfonlue, rjtjdm 
Jtcri Qriimt Garleiii Mititi, Magna Camirarit Anglii, Saluim, 

Cum qaxdam Pttiiit, Fcraam ABut AtmBura juirjut Thomam 
Oka* Norfoldiis, (^ Kedricum nuftr Ctmi'lim Siim«, emlinaa, 
lahit !■ frafiiti PtrSamnU lafira atibiia txtiiirii, tt Dtmiiu & 
MagKaiii Is CaiHitmiiai Rigni asfiri Angliz in todm prufinti Par- 
liaacnts ni^ra ixiflinm, ^ftr Pilinini prxdiSa, at dt & JupCT 
^BKihat & JitgMlh CoKietih & Jjucljl^aiii ia mJoi flatrit 9 tf 
lalitir cmihlfrrni & oecarjevirini, 

Nh lidim Pitiiinni, wm« cm«.iu, & f<igulh m tadim anchfa St 
■ anardalit, Rigium mfflrim AJfmJum & Cenjcnfum duximul tdiitm- 
Jga 8f frjbaiam. 

Saa-i iplar jMd m, ii Fi^tbuiihi, Im^ifiriit, » prroi£, 
CircumJpiaiombHi ■atfril flurimum ntfdtnm. ajjinavitui vci (g 
irii iiijirtm pltnatn Pslifialan & Auaoritalia acManialum Jpi- 
eali, Paitimi prMdiHt, nettn ntnibui & fingtih mih/t & 
etmnrdaiii i* ptafaii ParUawunn prjidiB*. fiptr W"" PO'lmt 
m^fim Rigiu- Affh-hm & &■/»>« adb'hmdi & pr^iemdi. 

El Ida vMt maaiamui quad urea Prrmijfa dilignltr laiaialii, 
ac ta faciaih tf ixn^anini mdilate Cum Efi^On. 

Sigmfiamat imm, Tiairi Prafniiim, «m,,ii*i & Jbigala Dmiiiit 
©■ WgM/iii.t. at Cimmunluri diBi nifin Rcgni Angl,ie. ia p't- 
diaoprafmli Parliamtnll, txiplliiui. m- ralum.gralam S'jfrfflHIB 
tabinir, S bebiiurti i«um flf juicquid wi vil in> vifirMmfmrltit 
vclfictrita Nmint mHn n PrimiSU, ' 


refit Rigt afud WtftmonaftcrLum, Dii Januirii, Anna 

K-egrti fat iritf^mt'tSave. 

Jf. B. The Date of the D>T it omitted ia Ityiair, pahapi becnfe 
it was obliterated id the Origanit ; but ii was Jan, 17, lod Har/ 
died tbe next Viy, 

.■i>, Google 

212 73r ParUamentary Histort 

t^BimjWa, the Sroid Seal, being tead, the Lord-Chancetlor 
crnnnanded the Clerk ttf Pirliainetit to pronounce 
the urual Words, Stitfait amt iltji dtjiri. And 
tbuft the Bill pafied into a Statute. 

Lord fltrbirt hath given the whole Proceedings 
in Council, and before a Jury, of the Duke of 
Hmrfoli^t and his Son the Earl of Surrey's 'Exami- 
ttaooD and Trial, to whom we refcr. The long 
and faithftil Serricn both of Father and Son to the 
Crown could not, it feems, fcreen them from the 
King's Jealoufy ; who thought them Co popular, 
indfo nearly relate to the Blood Royal, thaeihey 
might ii^ure the Succeffion if be left them alive 
behiifd him ; and Henry, finding hinifelf decay 
Tery faft, was the Occa&on of driving this Bill lb 
quick through both Hou&s againll them. The 
£art of Surrey was beheaded on Tnver-HiU ; and 
It is thought the Duke of Nerfelky notwithftanding 
his SubmiffioR and long Services, would not have 
vfeaped, had not the King's Death refcrved him to 
Biore merciful Times : For, four Days after figniog 
tboCommilfion for pafling the Bill, vik. Jan. 31, 
TbtOudiof tho Lord -Chancellor declared to both Houfes the 
fi^irgrVUl. King's Death, and that he expired early in the 
Motning, on Fridej the ,a8th of this Month ; 
Ggiu Aitimm propiiittur Diut, fays the fourmU* 
Bitbop Burnet fupfloles, by the Diflance of Time 
between the King's Death and this Declaration, 
chM,'for ReaTons of State, it Was kept fecret two or 
thret Days. It is certain the Parliament had -no 
Being from the Moment the King's Breath was 
out J and the Reafons for concealing he judges to 
be, either that the Council were confideiing what 
to do with the Duke of Narfolk, or that the Sey- 
memrt were laying their Matters fo ai to be fecure 
of the Government after the King's Death. The 
mournful News of which, (ays the yeurnal, was fo 
affeding to the Chancellor and ail prefent, that 
they could not refrain from Tears : But turning 
their Thoughts on his Succeflbr, Prince EdwarX, 
^ divine Appointment, and the greateft Part of the 
Tefbment oi their faid deceafed Sovereign being 

■ i>, Google, 

S^ E N G L A N a 213 

read b; Sir ^tUiam PagtU Principal Secretaiy of K.n»7 vm. 
State, concerning the Succeffion and well-govera- 
ing of the Kingdom during the Minoiity trf th? 
laid Prince Edward, with the CUu& for Payment 
of Debts and performing of Pnunifc*, the Lord- 
Chancellor declared that, by the King's Death, the 
Parliament was dii&rivcd, and that every Man was 
at Liberty to depart home. Neverthelelk, he ad- 
viled the Peers to wait for the Coronation of Prince 
Edward^ wUcb was fliortly expie^d. 

The Titles of fom« paiticiUar Bills that were 
brought into the Houfe this laft Seffion are thcfe : 

A fiiJl for the EftablilhiQent of a Court of Aug- 

Another, concerning Informations. 

A Bill concerning Shcriffi and BailiS. 

A Bill, that the Survivor of the Executors may 
lell the Lands of bis Eftate, f^c. 

■ We fhall conclude this Retgn with an Abftrad 
from the general Chara^erof this King, drawn up 
by Lord Herbert, relatlng-to his Condu^ with his 
Parliaments. After fpeaking of foreign ASurs, 
* At home, fays the Noble Hiftorian, it was his 

* Manner to treat much with his Parliaments; 
' where, if gentle Means ferved not, he came to 

* fome Degrees of the rough ; though the more 

* i(»rtngiy, in that he knew his People did but too 

* much fear him : Belides, he underilood well that 

* foul Ways are not always palfable ; not to be 

* ufed, efpecially in fufpe<3cd and dangerous Times, 

* but when others fail. However, it may be 

* noted that none of his Predecellbrs underftood the 

* Temper of Parliaments better than himfelf, or 

* that' availed himfelf more dextroully of them ; 

* Therefore, without being much troubled at the 

* tumultuous Beginnings of the ra&er Sort, ha 

* would give ttftm that Leave, which all new 
' Things muft have, to fettle : Which being done„ 

* his next Care was to difcover and prevent thofe 

* privy Combinanons that were not for his Service. 

* Aftpr which, coming to the Point of Contribu- 

03 '.ion. 

p:hy Google 

ti^ ' ^ ParUftmmtary Hi6To»y 

K, Bn^ Vin. ( tion, he g^o^raU; tooV Qri^ Order, by his Com - 
( iiii£|oaerGi thuQentlfincEiintbeCountryfliould 

* not fpv« Back otber ; but tbxt the true, sr at 
f Icaft near approaching. Value - of every M«n'a 

* Godtli aiid i^n4a fltouM be certified i And this 
f he did) the tj^ther, becaufq he knew the Cufiom 

* of bi> People was to leclEon with him about Hieit 
■ * Subfidies, and indeed gather to number tbsut to 

* weigb tb«r Gifts i." 

4 Kam, VeL U. f.tC^ 


eT E N G L A N D. 415 

EDWARD tht Sixth. 

fT'MlE laft King beii^ departed out of lhi» World, ■"« ^«^<««f 
X aftera long and profperous Reign, in regard to ^' ^"^"^ • 
himfelf, whatever k was to his SubjeSs, anotfaet 
Edvoard^ once more, Tucceedcd to the Throne ; 
who was proclaimed and afterwards crowned, with 
the ufual Solemnities, by the Stile and Titles of 
JEduiard the Sixth, King of Engiand, Franci^ and 
Ireland, (jfc, ' being then aboutnine Yeertof Age. 
The tender Years of this Prince occalioned his 
Father to be very ca[X<ful in placing his Non-age 
in. the Hands of the moil faithful and able CounTel- 
lors ; a long Lid of which may be feen in his . 
laft Will : An Inllr ument of fuch a Kature as ne- 
ver came from any other King of England, either 
before or fuice '. 

Soon after the Coronation the Lord EdtvarJ 
Stymeur, then Earl oi Hertford, was created Duke 
of Somerfety and made Governor to the King's 
Highnefs, and Protestor of the Realm, This 
Nobleman was own Uncle to the King by the 
Mother's Side ; and had, by that Affinity, and his 
Places, an abfolute Sway over all. The very ftt& \ 

Year ofthis Reign began with aWarwtth SfdlJ^Wj 
fome Overtures of a Marriage having been agaia 
made by the Englijh Council between their King 
and the Princefs Mary, fole Daughter and Heir to 
Jamet V, King of Scoti ; which, being refufed by 
the Utter, a bloody War endued. The Englifi 
Army was commanded by the Duke of 5«fl9«r/^f} 
who marched Northward as far as the River Efie ; 
on the Banks of which an obftinatc Battle was 
fought, in which the EngHJh were Cont^uerors, with ^^^^ ^ sata 
the DeftrudlioH of above 1 0,000 of their Enemies. 
This Reign alfo began with a forther Reforma- 
tion in Religion, the Lord~Prote£iot being cealous 

■1 Fthmary la, 1547- 

I A Copy of this Will, wrote in the £» 7;^ Toniuc, il in Xj. 

p-h»Google • 


tiS ^ Parliameniary HiflTony 

K. Mnrtf Vf. for carryiiig it on ; cettun Injun^ons were pub- 
lilhcd, by Authority) for removing Images out of 
Churches, and for abolilhing or altering fome other 
antient Obfcrvations, as Sir John Hayward terms 
tbciDi in the Church '. Some Bifliopi oppofuia 
theft Innovations, and olhen fayinv that it was wcU 
to kay (hcfe Changes in Religious Matters 'till the 
A Piriwnnt King WM of Years fit to govern by himfelf, a Par- 
w""!' Jiament was chilled to meet at fpyimhjhr, on the 

A . ., ^^[iDjyQf^^j^i^^^inthcfitaYeartrfhisReign. 

A Lift of the Temporal Lords, fummoned to it, 
is as follows * i 

The Duke of SumrftU Henry Earl of Wertef- 

Frote£tor of Snglandf ter, 

Governor to the Icing's Ralph Eai) oi Weflm»rt- 

Ferlbn, and Treafurer lasj. 

of England. Jahn Earl of Batb, 

Lord Riih^ Lord-High- John Earl of ff'arwiei, 

ChiHC^QT of England. Great Chamherlain ei 
Sir ff^iUiem PauUt, Lord England, 

St. Jabn, Great Mailer Themat Kai\ of SMth- 

of the King's Houfe- ampten. 

hold, ^d pie&dent of Henry Earl of Cnntber' 

the Council. land. 

Jebn Lord Rujfef, Lord- Henry Earl of Bridgt' 

Keeper of the Privy- maier. 

Seal. Tbcmas Lord Seynaur, 

Henry Marquis of Dar^ Lord- High-Admiral of 
Jet. England. 

WilSam Marq.of ^orti- Jeba TvttbeU Lord Jud- 
. amplcn. Uy. 

Henry Earl of ArmdeU. Th'mat If^ejiy Lord Di 
John Earl oi Oxford. la War. 

Edward £nri of Derby Henry Pari£r,'LoidMer~ 
Francii E^fl of Hunting- ley. 

don. ff^alter DevertuXf Lord 

Henry Earl of S"^*. Ferrtrt. 

Franeis ^9f\ of Sulijhury- 


• The LiFc ind Rci|n of EJmtrJVh Vf Sir Jeia Ut^tUrd, 

t ?naaDi.[dtIit Siamtai li FarUamtiit., ud the ^nmuA of 

p-hy Google 

^ENGLAND. 417 

^lliam Dacrit Lord Thtmat Lord Faux. ^ EtmndYt, 

Dacre of GilUfland. mUiam LoM Wjnd-^ 
y»hti Lord Xoucb. fi^'' 

Jahn hd.Scrtpe of Belten. Thamat Lord H^entwtrth, 
tyilHam Staurtm, Lord Thamfii Lord Breugh. 

StBurten, J?^^ Lord Jlferdaunt. 

yahnNeviUX^-Lott^tr. Edward JjOtA Clintan, ' 
Gtargt Brsitt Lord Csb- fFilUam Lord Parr, 

kam, Gregory Lord CramwiU. 

Thomat Lord Sandys. 7bemot Lord ffharton. 
jFflf Lord Gttytrs. fftSiam Lord Evers, 

Edivard Lord 'Qr/r, of ^tliam Ld. ft^thughhjf 

Pewit, <iS Parbam. 

WtBiam Lord 6m* of Edmund SbeMeld, Z<orj 

?%MRd;f Stanlrfy Lord ^ei^ liOid J?r<^. 

Dr. Htylin, in hia Hiftory of the Reformation", 
introduces his Account of this Parliament in this 
Manner. He firft tells us, * That tho' the Memben 
of it were of different Sentiipents, in regard to ■ 
R^igion, yet they agreed very well in one com- 
mon Principle, to flrilce in with the Juncture, and 
take Care of themfelves : For tho' a grijat Number 
of the Lprds and Commons were inclined to the 
Doctrines of the late Reign, yet they were willing 
to give Way to fuch Ails as widened the Breach 
between t\ieEngl!/b and Raman Communion. The 
prelent Affinity in Do£lrine they were afraid might 
fend in a Reconciliation with the Pope j and that 
fuch Meafures would prove dangerous to their 
Eftates gained from the Church. As for the reft, 
adds our Author, whofc fiulinefs wastithet to make 
or improve theirFottunes, they came prepared, 
without C^eftion, to clofe with fuch a Reforma- 
tion as fuited heft with their Purpofe. This, con- 
tinues he, feems pretty evideht by the Tendency of 
fomeof theA6ls; which, in his Opinion, fee m to 
overloolc the Concern of Religion, and aim at pri- 
vate Incereft io a very remarkable Maaner.* 

« Lnd, F<d. tfiii. f. 48, 

p-hy Google 

$1$ The ParHamefitary Histort 

K. Omrd VU Thus hr the learned HiftoHan, in hts Introduc- 
tion to the Hiftory of the Proceedings of this Parlia- 
ment; we will next fee what a oiuch later Writer 
hath told us to the fame Purpofe. The celebrated 
M. Rapi» has fhewn him&lf, in the Courfe of thtt 
Woik, as averfe to Parliaments as he is to Monar- 
chy or Epifcopacy ; but in none mote than tbis> 
when he fays ", 

' It is very certain theNumbcrof thofc who de- 
fired a Reformation was very great in the Kingdom. 
However, it muft not be imagined that then, any 
more thaa at this Day, whatever' the P'arliampnC 
did was agreeable to the general Opinion oftheNa- 
tion. The Reprefeiiiativ«s of the CoaiaiaDg weiv 
chofen, as they are at prefent, without any Jnftruc- 
lions concerning the Points to be debated in Parlia- 
ment, nay, wiihout the People's knowing any 
Thing of them. Thus, the Houfe of Commons 
had, as I may fay, an unlinited Power, to deter- 
mine by a Majorityof Votes, with the Concur rencf 
of the txtrds, and A&ent of the King, what they 
deemed proper for the Welfare of the Kingdom. 
There was no Neceflity therefore, in order to obtain 
what the Court dcfiied, of having the univerfsl Con- 
fent of the People,' but only the Majority of the 
Voices in both Houfes. Hence it is eafy to con- 
ceive, thilt the Court ufed all imaginable Means to 
caufe fuch Members to be ele£ted as were in their 
Sentiments. This is now, and ever will be, prac- 
tifed till fomeCuie isfoun4 for this Inconvenience. 
I call it Inconvenience, becaufe it happens fometlmea 
that the Parliament palTes A£ts contrary to the ge- 
neral Opinion of the Nation. Of this one may be 
cafily convinced, by what paf&d in the Parliaments 
held under Ei.'ujard VI. a.nd Queen ^or^ his Sifteri 
In the Reign of Edward^ Popery was entirely rooted 
out i and under Mary it was wholly replanted. In 
oneorotherofthefe Reigns therefore the Parliament 
muft have a£ted contrary to the Opinion of the 
Pcople,linceit is not polGble to believe, that a whole 
Nation Ihould have thus changed, in an Inflani, 
" K«fm\ Ilifinry oJE-'ihti, Vol. II. p. g. 

■ i>, Google 

- e^ E N G L A N D. , 319 

&om White to Black. I don't iHVtend, by thisK. Wmnf VI^ 
Remark, to weaken the Proceedings of Edward the 
Sixth's ParliameiiC in Favour of the Reformation; 
what I advance [a levelled as much againfl; that of 
Queen Mary as againft this. My Defign is obIj 
to obferve that the Determination of a Parliament 
is not always a convincing Proof of the Approba- 
tion of the whole Englijh Nation. The Reafons 
therefore which may be drawn from the pretcndied 
Confenc of the Nation, reprefented in Parliament, 
either for or againft the Reformation, feem to bo 
of Very little Weight. Each of the two Parties 
will always fay, and perhaps very juftly, that the 
Parliament which oppofed them was a Parliament 
devoted to the King and the Miniftry.' 

But to begin with much better Authority than 
either of thefe Writers, who are reprefented partial 
to their feveral Sentiments in Religion, we fhall 
chiefiy follow the Jeumah of both Houfes of Par- 
liament ; thofe of the Commons beginning now 
with this Reign in the Book called Seymour, from 
the Name of the then Clerk of that Houfe. This 
Book, with the fubfequent Journals of the Houfo 
of Commons down to the prefent Times, were or- 
dered to be printed for the Ufe of the Members of 
the PaHiament, which ended, by Didblution, in 
the Year »747. The ftrft Volume^ which be- 
gins with this Kcign, contains little more than a 
diurnal fuccinft Account of Proceedings in reading 
Bills, (ic. but yet will be of fome Ofe, in afcer- ■ 
taining Dates, in Chronology; a Matter much 
negleSed by our modern Hiftorians. The Jour^ 
nals of the Lords are more explicit in the Reign 
before us than thofe of the Commons, the enfuing 
Parliament being introduced by that Authority in 
the following Manner : 

Memorandum^ i The 4th of Navemier, in the 
firft Year of King Edward VI. the King's Majelly 
fitting in the ParKament-Chamber at WeJi'minJieT^ 
with all the Lords on both Sides, and the Commons 
Handing beneath the Bar, commanded the Clerk 
■ Vnhtt'm from the JtiinaU of the Loidi. 

p: by Google 

•20 Tke ParUamentary Historv 

X.Eimmri'Vi.f^ the Parliament openly to read his Highnefs't 
Commiffion, being feaied with the Great Sea) of 
BtigUmd, the Tenor whereof hereafter folloiveth; 

Edward the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King 
of Engiand, France, arid Ireland, Defender of 
the Faith, and of the Church of England and 
alfo of Ireland, in Earth, the Supreme Head ; to 
all to whom thcfc Prefenta fhall come, Greeting. 

Cminlfflon >p- TTOrafmuch as eur tmft dear Unth, Edward Dutt 
KV^t 1^"-*^ fl/Somerfet, «.*.»i, kj the jfdvice ,f the Lwds 
rvliuneot. awi the reft »f eur Ctuneil, with the Canfent and 
gtad JgreetHent of the NabUmen ^ ««r Reakiis, tot 
have named, erdaintd, and etmmandtd It he 6«ver- 
marafaurPtrfen, andPrtte&ar e/turReahu,De- 
mniensy and Svhjeils, during 6vr Mimritj, bath nr 
fueh Plaee appropriate or appointed unto him in nr 
High Cottrt of Parliament t as is convenient and iu- 
tt^ttj^ as vieU in refftS of his Proximity af Bleed 
unto us, being eur UncUy and eldeji Brother unto eur 
JHotber of meft nehle Memory, deceafed, ^een Jane ; 
as aifo for his better managing end eonduSing eur 
Affairs t* curHtnour, Dignity, and Surely^ and lie 
tfealtb and Beuijit ^ eur Hialms, Dominions, and 
SubjeSs : We have therefore, as •well by the Confmt 
^ our faid \Jncle, and by the 4dvict of ether the 
tiords of our Privy Council, willed, ordained, and 
appointed, and doy by tbefe Prefents, will, ordain, 
md appoint, that our faid Untie fiiall and do fit altnty 
emd be placed at a{l Times, as well in our Prefence 
sa our faid Court of Parliament as in our Abpnee, 
KPon the Mi0 of the Bench er Steoljfanding next om 
the Right Hand of ojir Seat Royal in wr Parliament' 
Chamber ; and that he farther Jhali have and do MJey, 
in eur faid Court of Parliament, in alt Seffsonsy alt 
fueh ether Privileges, Prebeminences, Prerogatives, 
end Liberties in all Things, and to all EffeQs, as by 
Lavs er Statutis heretofore made, or othenpife, any, 
the Unfits, by Father or Mother Side, to any of eur 
Mojl Noble Progenitors, er ^ny P\^oteiior of their 
Realms find Dominions^ being in the Aiinority of 


«/• E N G L A N D. sjt 

reart as Wt be, have had, ufed, ar enjoyed in ibeirl^. EMtrdVt, 

Ceurts tf Parlioment, the Statute csmertiing thepla- 

ting of the Ltrds in the Parliament-Cbamier, and 

tther Affemhliis and Cmfertncts of Ctuncii, made in 

the one-and-lhirtietb Year of the Reign of eur mofi 

dear Father, ef/amaut Mtmtrj, King Henry VIU. 

»r any other Statute, AS, Ordinance, or Proven, 

htrttofore had er mmdt to the etntrarj notwithjtand- 

ing ; and for the exprefi Mention af any ether 

Grants er Gifts made to aur /aid Vncle by m, or 

aay of eur Progenittrt heretofore had or made. 

theft Prtftnts nst mentioned, er any tther Things 
Matter, ir Caufe, whatfoever it be, notwithftand- 
ing J in ff^ttnefi whereof vie have caufed thefe our 

Letters to be made PaUnt. Witnefs ourfeif at 

IVeJlmit^er the jd Day of November, in the fiift 
Year o«t Reign. Soothw«.l '. 

When tl^ aforcTaid CommifiSon was openly 
read, and heard of all the Houfe, and the Lord- 
Prote£lor placed accordingly, the Lord Rich, beinz 
Lord -Chancellor, began hu Oration to the Effe^ 
AS follows : 

We have chofe to give the foregoing Memoran- 
dum and Letters Patent at Length, as they are en- 
tered in thcjoumeli, being the iirfl Step of Power 
an4 Preheminence this haughty Duke took upon 
him: But, whether by the Negligence of the Clerks 
or otherwife, the Lord -Chancellor's Oration is 
wholly cunitted, and only a blank Page left for it. 
Neither is die Speaker of the Houfe of Commons 
mentionedas ufuaU hut this we fupply from their 
fournals. Sir fobn Baker, Knt. [who, Slowe tcHs 
us, was Chancellor of the Firft-Fruits and Tenths) HrjoHw Baki* 
was chofen Speaker of the Commons in this Par- *^">'""' Spaker. 
liament *. 

The firft ASair we find that the Houfe of Lords 

went upon, was to frame a Bill for the better Pro- 

tedion of the Northern Borders ; and the Archbi- 


r Sir RUbard Siuthmll, tben Miller oT tbc Roll*. Thii Ib' 
fliunwnC ii alfo pie(eived, fiom At Rit»rit, ia Rrmr'-t Fmiert, 
Tom. XV. p. 164. , 


222 The Parliamentary History 

K.£An>r4VI.Jhop of Tori, the Biihop of Durhapiy the Lords 
t>acrii and Evtrs, all Northern Lords, and whole 
Securiiy depended on fuch a ProtetSiQH, were ap- 
pointed Commiflioncrs to draw it up : But we do 
not find that it palTed into a Law, K being thought 
more advifeable to fend a great Anny thither under 
the Lord-Pioteflor i who, gaining a complete Vic- 
tory over the Sesti near Muffilhvrgh^ Was th6 fureft 
Way to protect this Kingdom from their Incur- 
fions. This War broke out on Occafion ot the 
Scats again refufing their Princefs J/ury to be joined 
in Wedlock with our young King Edward. She 
was afterwards mariied to the Dauphin of France. 
The next Thing was a Bill to prevent the Decay 
of Tillage, Houfcs, fcff. and the Lord St. Jahn, 
the Eails oiArundelt, Shrtw/iurj, Huntingdon, and 
Sauthampton, were a Committee for that Purpofc. 
But we fliall not follow the Journal clofely in 
an exa£t Account of each Day's Proceedings, the 
moA remarkable will be fufficient for this D,efigR. 

Nov. 10. A Bill for the Repeal of certain Sta- 
tutes, as it is there called, came into the Houfe t 
but was in Effedt to be an A£t to repeal the Statute 
of the 28th oi Henry VIII. which gave Authority to 
the King, after the Age of twenty-four Years, to 
Th'eSMtQttof repeal, by his Letters Patent, all former Statutes 
Ji'n^Via. ■"^•'^ during his Minority, ^c *. A Stretch of ab- 
, npcalcd. folutePowcr left as a Legacy by the late King to hi> 

Son and Succeflbrs ; and it it had ftood. Parliament! 
would have foon become ufelcfs to this Nation. 
But, by this Ai^, it was thus altered, ' That 

* the King, when he came. to the aforefaid Age, 

* might, by his Letters Patent, annul any A£t of 

* Parliament for the future ; but could not fo void it 

* from the Beginning, as to annul all Things done 

* upon it, between the making and annulling of 

* any Law, which were fliU to be lawful Deeds.' 
This Bill was afterwards tacked to another for the - 
Repeal of Treafons, Felonies, i^c. which will- 
come in the Setjuel. 


> Smuin ai large. An. 1 EJ. VI. tap. xi. 


af ENGLAND. jjj 

Hvo, 12. There was a Bill brought into tlicK.£Atf«iJVi, 
Houfe of Commons, relating to the Sacrament of 
the Altar, which palTed that Houfc on the 17th of 
the fame Month. 

This Bill was occafioned by an irreverent Treat- 
ment that facred Myftcry met with at that Time, 
from the then growing Sed of the Puritans and 
others. The Preamble to the Aift declares. That 
fomt bad difputtd and riafoned unrevtrtntly and un- 
gadly of that moft holy My/itry, and called it by fuch ^ "'"t^'B »» ■ 
vilt and unfttmlj Wards that Chriflian Ears did ah- Siu»mcaic, 
bar. The \Q. fo/bears to mention them ; hue fomc 
of the Terms were Round Rsirn, yaci-'in-a- Box, 
Sacrenntnt efthi Hatter ,^c. becaufe the Wafer was 
round, and ufuatly kept in a Pix, or Box. The 
fame A6t, in the Ia{l Paragraph of it, did tnjoin the 
' faid Hol^ Sacrament to be delivered and miniflred 
to the People in both Kinds, of Bread and Wine ; 
bting man eanfarmabU, as the AiS cxprefTes, to the 
tamman life and Prailice of the /fpoftUs and primitive 
Church, by the Space of five hundred Years and more 
after Chrift'f Afctnfton. 

Dec. 10. This Bill pafTed the Lords, with the 
Confent of all the Peers, except the Bifliops ofLon- 
. don, Hereford, Norwich, ITorcefier, and Cbichepr, 
who protefted againll it. 

Onthei5thofthe fameMonth, aBillfor theAd- 
miffion of bilhops by the ICing's Majeity only, was 
brought into [he Houfe ; that is, that Bimops fhould ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^_ 
be placed in their Sees by Collation of the King under fi,„jtian of Bi-' 
his Letters Patent, without any precedent £le3ionnwp<< 
or enfuing Conlitmation. By this Aft it was fct 
forth, ' That the Way of chufing Bifhops by Conge ■.. 
iTEfiire was tedious and expenfive, that there was 
only a Shadow of Ele^ion in it, and that therefore 
Bilhopsfhould thereafter be made by the King's Let- 
ters Patent, upon which they were to ba confecra- 
ted: And whereas the Biftiops did exercife their 
Authority, and carry on PiocelTes, in their own 
Names, as they were wont to do in the Time of 
Popery; and fmcc a!I Jurifdidion, both Spiritual 

■ i,,Goo'^le 

S24 7^ ParUanuntary History 

K. Edtatri VL and Tempora), was derived from the King, thai 
therefore their Courts and all Procelles ibould be 
irotn henceforth carried on in the tCing's Name, 
and be fealed by the King's Seal, as it was Jn the 
ether Courts of Common Law, after the firft ot 
^uly next i excepting only the Archbifliop of Can- 
ttrbury'i Courts, and all Collations, Prefoitations, 
or Letters of Orders, which were to pafs under the 
Bilhops proper Seals as formerly.' Upon this A^ 
great Advantages were taken to difparagc the Rc- 
TOTmation, as fu^e£ting the Bifbops wholly to the 
Fleafure of the Cfourt *• 

On the fame Day another Bill for reading the 
Scripture was introduced j which will be 'forther ex- 
plained in the Sequel. 

Nbv. 19, A bill for exercifing Ecclefiafttcal 
Jurifdidion came into the Houfe ofLord^ which 
was.that all Proceiles Kcclefialtical Ihould be made 
in the King's Name, as in Writs at the Common 
Law i and all Ferfons ekercifing Ecclefiaftical Jurif- 
di^ion,fbouldhave the King^sArmsin their Seals. 

On the 26th ibidem, another Bill was added 
for eredhng a new Court, to be called the Court 
of Chancery, for Ecclelisllical and Civil Caufes. 
The Bill was committed to the Archhilhop oiCan- 
ttrhury, the Bifllops of Lendotiy Durham, £ly. 
Litchfield and Coventry ; the Earls oi Arundelt and 
Sauthamptiin, the J^rd Admiral, and Lord Cobbam^ 
Mr. Secretary to the Judges, and others of ths 
King's Council learned in the Laws : But neither 
of thefe Bills were pafled into S^tutes. 

Onthezifl, a Bill for aSubfidy of Tonnage and 
ASnUUf. Poundage on Merchandize, called Cuftoms, wa^ 
brought in ; which afterwards pailed both Houfes, 
with a Provifo for the Merchants of the Stityard. 
It was granted for the King's Life, and then was 
rated, the Tonnage at three Shillings on every 
Ton of Wine ; for fweet Wines, fix Shillings ; 
and Twelve-pence for every Aulne of Rhenijh. 
The Poundage was Twelve-pence in the Pound, in 
Value> of all Goods imported or exported ; and ' 

BurKti, Vol, II, p. 4}. 


.:!>» Google 

5f ^ N G L A N D. 225 

two Shillings of Aliens for Tin and Pewter ex-^' BJr.^^ VL' 
ported ". 

Dec. 12. A Bill ffas read a fccond Time by 
the Lords, for fuppreffing Chantries and Colleges. 
Ontfae T5th itwasread athird Time, and pafTcd that 
Houfe by the Confcnt of all the Peers, except the 
Ajchhifhop of Conteriuty, and the Bilbops of Lm-AahriilhMat 
dm, Durham^ Ely, Nartuich, Herefordy ^aree^eryOittitxia,S/t, 
and Chichefttr, who difTentbd from it. There are 
two Inftances, in this Day's Proceedings and -the 
Day before, of two or three Lay Lords diffenting 
from Bills pfHng the Houfe, which arc the firu 
we have yecinet with in the JturnaU ; biit no PrO- 
tefts are entered againft them. 

This Bill was -afterwards new- mo del let) by the 
Commons, and it palTed both Houfes Die. 24, 
the Bifliops of Lcndiin,Durl>am, Ely, Hireford, and 
Chicbtjler, then only diflenting. The Purport of 
it was. That, by this Aft, divers Colleges, Chan- 
triea. Free Chapels, Fraternities, Guilds, VSc. with 
I sti their Lands and Goods, were put into the at^ual 
Poffeffion of the King. Part of thefe Goods and 
Lands being fold at a low Value, enriched many 
and cnobled fomc ; and thereby, as Sir "Jehn Hay 
laard obferves, made them firm in maintaining the 
Change *. 

' But, in order to make this remarkable A<^ the 

better undcrllood, we fhall fubjoin Mr, Collur'a 

Voi» IH. P £xpl£iation 

k Sitvna'i HiJiaryefTaxti. p. aji. 

c LUc and RelgD of EifoidrJ VI. 

AC6ajMrjiwii ^liltlcChuixh, Chipel. or particolir Altir, in 
Tome Cathedral Church, i^c. endowed with Lands or ot*er Reve- 
nnes, for MiintcniTkccof one or more Pritdi, daily to fing Mifs anih 
pciform divine Service, for ihe Ufe of the Foundert ind fuch othert 

» they appointed : — Frit Cba/uli veie independent on aof 

Chaich, and eadowed for much the fame Purpote a the foimc(.~ 
The Obii wai Ihe Annivtrbry of any Perfon's Be»th ; and to ob- 
f«ive fuch Day, v)lh Prayei!, Almi, acd Alher ObUtioni, waa call- 
ed the keeping the Obit. ^nnivtrjariii were the yearly Re> 

Intni of the Day of ihe Death of Pecfons, which the Relitknii re- - 
Bifleied in their Obitiel or Martyrology, and annuallj obfe.vfd, in 

Gtatitud* to their Foundeit ot Benefaflon. Guild fignifies a 

Fcateinily 01 Company, from the Stac* GuiUa* to pay ) beciu'e 
e«iy one wai to pay fomcthitur towards the Charge and SupcotI of 
IheCoinpany, Jactii'iLaviDiSitnirj. 

p-hy Google 

a26 ^e Farliaffimtaty History 

K. Simsti VI. Explanation of it. That learned Author acquaf nt# 
us, * That Archbifliop Cranmtr mfifted ftrongly 
againd the Diflblution of thefe Chantries, Colleges, 
i^e. or at leafl that it might be poflponcd till the 
King came at Age : That by this Delay the Rea- 
fons of the Diflblution would be better anfwercd, 
and the Lands prefcrved for the Improvement of 
the Royal Revenues : That, during his Majefty** 
Minority, there would be Danger of alienating the 
Ellates, and wafling the TKafurearifingfram thefc 
Endowments. The Archbifliop had liicewife a far- 
ther View for the Benefit of the Church. The 
Clergy were much impoverifhed by impropriated 
Tythes falling amongll the Lairy, which fhould, ia 
all Rcafon, have been returned to the Church. 
Things {landing thus, Crannur had no Profpedt of 
retrieving the Misfortune^ but by refpiting the DW- 
folution of the Chantries till the King was a Ma- 
jor. Provided he could' malce the Matter reft tiH 
that Time, he did not queflion the pious Difpofition 
of fhis Prince might be prevail'd on to bellow thefc 
Foundations upon the Parochial Clergy, who were 
now lamentably reduced : And thus far, without 
Doubt, the reft of the above-mention'd Bi&ops 
concurr'd with him. But the Courtiers, who pulh'd 
the Bill, were a^d by difTerenc Motives ; they 
wanted Eftates to their new Titles, and had no 
ether Way of fatisfying their Pretenfions than by 
feizing the Opportunity, and {baring the Chan- 
try-Lands amongft them, while the Government 
was in their Hands. When the Bill was lent down 
to the Lower Koufe, it was fhongly oppofed by 
fome of the Members : It was urged. That the Bo- 
Toughs^ould not maintain their Churches, nor de- 
fray the other Expences of the Guilds and Fiater- 
nities,ifthe£llates belonging to (hem weregranted 
to the Crown. The Arguments upon this Head 
iway'd the Houfe, and brought them towards a 
, Vote againft paiSng that Part of the Bill in which 
the Guilds were concerned. The Burgefles for 
Lynn and Cevmtry diilinguifbed themfclves mod 
upon this Occafion, But thefe a£Uve Members wcr« 

p:hy Google 

?/■ E N G L A N D. 227 

baleen off by the Court-Party, upon an Affatance^i^^mrdVl. 
•gven, that their Gaild-Lands IJioulil be reftored. 
Thus, dropping their Oppofition, the Bill pafled, 
and the Pronrife is iaid to have been made good by 

* It hath been already obfervcd thefc Chantry- 
Lands, Colleges, tsfe. had been granted to the late 
King, his Heirs and Succeflbrs. By the Aft in the, 
late Reign CommifEoners are named for giving the 
King PofTcffion i who, when they hadcnceT'd upoti 
■any Part of the l.and; within thetrCommiflion, the 
Statute from that Inflant vefts the King and bia 
fletrs in thoTeEflates : Biit,asit happen'd,the Com- 
miffioncfs did not enter into a great Part of the 
'Chan try 'Lands in the late King's Time, which 
was the Reafon of making a new AH for this Pur- 
pofe in the Reign before nj. 

* And here it may not be improper (o acquaint 
the Reader, that the Endowment of thefe Chantry- 
Lands was for the Maintenance of one or more 
Priefts, to pray for the Souls of their Founders. 
Of thefe Chantries and Free Chapels, there were 
two thoufand three ImnA-ed and feventy-four. 
They were commonly united to fome Parochial^ 
GoUegiate, or Cathedral Church. The Free Cha- 
{wis, tho' defign'd forthe fame Parpofe, were inde- 
fwndent in their Conflitution, -ftood without being 
annex'd, and were better endow'd. The Colleges 
exceeded thefe laft Foundations, both in the Beauty 
of their Building, the Num-ber of Priefts, and the 
Largenefs of their Revenues. But now their Fate 

)vas determin'd ; and to make the feizing of their ' 

£ftates better underflood, the Statute fets forth in 
•he Preamble, That a great Part of the SuperfVition 
and Errors in Chriftian Rdigton has been wrought 
in the ^inds and Efliimation -of Men, by reaibn of 
the Ignorance of their very true and pCrfeft Salva- 
tion, through the Death of Je/us Gbrifi^ and by de- 
vifing and phantafyng vain Opinions 'of Purga to ry^ 
and Mafles fatisfactory to be done for them who be 
departed: The which Do£trine and vain Opinion, 
by n<»hiiig BKtie is maintain'd and upholden, than 
P 2 by 

■ i>,Got)^lc 

228 ^^ Parliamentary History 

K. £A«rrf VI.iJy the Abufe of Trecitals, Chantries, and other 
Frovifion mside for the Continuance of the faid 
Blindnefs anil Ignorance. 

' By the Way, the Mifpcrftiafion, with refpcd 
to the Alliftances defigri'd for thofe deceafed, ieems 
in a great Mcafure leftified, hy the InJlitutioH and 
Nectary Erudition fct forth in the late Reign. In 
both thefe iJooks Difputes about the Pains fu^r'd 
by thofe who died under inipcrfe£l Qualifications, is 
forbidden ; neither is the Name of Purgatory to be 
fo much as mentioned. And as for praying for the- 
Dead, it was not only Part of the Divine Service 
at the making of this Statute, but continued io in 
the firft reformed Liturgy for fome Time after. 

* &y the Settlement of Collegiate Churches and 
Chaittries, there was a Frovifion made for a cer- 
tain Number of poor People; and the Alms was 
diftributed on the Anniverfary Day of the Foun- 
ders : This Charity was fecured fay a Claufe in the 
hSt; and the Commiffioners were ordered to affign 
I^ands, Parcel of the FremiiTesi for the Maintenance 
of the Diftribution. 

« To proceed : The KB. promifcs the Eftatei of 
thefe Foundations fhall be converted to good and 
godly Ufes, in ercfiing Grammar -Schools, in far- 
ther augmenting the Univerfities, and better Frovi- 
fion for the Poor and Needy. But thefe Lands be- 
ing modly fbar'd amoneft the Courtiers, and others 
of the rich Laity, the Promife in the Preamble was 
in a ^eat Meafure imprat^icable. To proceed to 
the Body of the Statute, in which it is enacted, 
That all and fmgular Colleges, Free Chapels, 
Chantries, Hofpitals, Fraternities, Brotherhoods, 
Guilds, and other Promotions, mentioned in the 
37th Htmy Vin. cap. 4. with all their Manfion- 
Houfes, Manors, Rents, Tythes, Churches, Pa- 
tronages, i^c. which were not in adaaJ PofTellion of 
the late King, are granted to his prefenC Majelly, 
I his Heirs and Succeflbrs, for ever. All Lands, 

Rents,(^f. fettled for the Maintenance of any Anni- 
verfary and Obit are likcwife given the Crown by 
this Sutute. The Colleges in both the Univerfities, 


*/ . E N G L A N D. 229 

the Chapel of Si. George at mndfar^ the Colleges of «• BAtw^-Vl* 
H^iitthejier and Eaton, together with the Cathedral 
Churches, are exprefly excepted, and fccured in 
this Statute. However, the Chantries, Obits, and 
Settlements, for Lights and Lamps in any of the 
Cathedrals, were to fall within the Compafs of the 
Kdt. By this Statute, the Commiffioners arc em- 
powered to allow what Penfion they thought con- 
venient to thofe who were turned out of thefe 
Foundations. By another Claufe, all Alienation 
of the Lands of Bilhoprics, Deaneries, Colleges, 
Archdeaconries, Prebends, i3c. made to the Crown 
in the late and prefent Rei^n, are confirmed. 
. * And, laftly, all Goods, "Chattels. Jewels, Plate, 
Ornaments, and other Moveables, being the com- 
mon Goods of fuch Colleges, Free Chapels, Chan- 
tries, or ftipendiary Priefts, are conveyed to tho 
King.'— Thus far Mr. Cal/ier. 

O* the i6th of December another Bill was intro- 
duced for lepealing of certain Statutes fot Trcafon 
and Felony, This Bill being a Matter of great 
Concern to every SubjeS, a Committee was ap- 
pointed, conlifting of the Archbifhop of Cunf^rJKr)', 
the Lord-Chancellw, the Lord-Chamberlain, the 
Marcjuis of Dsrfet, the Earls of Sbrewfiury and 
Seuthamptan, the Bifliops of Ely, Lincoln, and fP'er- 
cifttr-, the Lords Cabham, CUnUn, and fVentwartb^ 
with certain of the King's learned Counfel ; all 
which Noblemen, i^c. were appointed to meet a 
Committee of the Commons at Two o'Clock af- 
ter Dinner, fays the Journal, in order to treat and 
commune on the Purport of the faid Bill. 

The Commons had formed another Bill for re- 
pealing ihefc Statutes, which, upon fome Confcrcn- ' 
ces, they were willing to drop; only fome Provifoes 
were added to the other, from which the Bifljops of 
Louden, Durham, Efyi Hereford, and Chiche/itr, 
again diffcnted. The Preamble to this Statute feta 
forth ; ' That * nothing made a Government 
' happier than when the Prince governed with 
P 3 • much 

•f Sialalii jt tartt, i Edtutri VI. cap, lii, faxii Martirt, 
Vol. U. p.ij8». 


230 ^f Parliamentary History 

K' eJw4^ VI.< much Clemency, and the Subjefts obeyed out of 
' Love. Vet the late King and fome of his Proge- 

* nitors, being provolced by the Unrulinefs of fomc 

* of their People, had made feverc Laws ; but they 

* judging neceiTary now to recommend the King's. 

* Government to the AfiedUons of the People, re- 

* pealed all Laws that made any Thing to be Trea-> 

* fon, but what was in the A&. of 25 Edward lU. 

* as alfo two of the Statutes about Loltardies, to- 
' gether witb the Ha of the lin Articles, and the 
' other A£^9 that followed in Explanation ai that. 

All Afti for M-' All Aits in King Htnry the Eighth's Time, decU- 
undiDgTcafan ' ring any Thing to be Felony that was not fo de- 
IwTiMdihitDf ' claied before, were alfo repealed, together with 
j^. 111. «. . jijg ^flg jj,^( ^^jg ^^ j^j^g.j Proclamations of 

* equal Authority with Aits of Parliament. It was 

* alfo ena(Sed,That all whodenied the King'sSupre- 

* macy,or aflertcd the Pope's in Words, Ihould, for 

* the ^rft OiFence,forleit their Goods and Chattels, 

* and fuffer Imprifonment during Pleafure; (tif the 

* fecond Offence IhouJd incur the Pain of Pr/emu- 
*■ aire ; and, for the thiid Offence, be attainted of 

* Tccafon. But if any did, in Writing', Printingi 
•■ or by any overt ASt or Deed, endeavour to de- 

* prive the King of his Etiate or Titles, particular- 
^ ly of his Supremacy, or to confer them on any 

* other, after the firft of March next, he was to 

* be adjudged guilty of High Treafon : And if any 

* of the Heirs of the Crown Qiould ufurp upon 
< another, or did endeavour to break theSucceffion 

. * of the Crown, it was declared High Treafon in 

* them, their Aiders and Abettors, And all were 

* to enjoy the Benefit of Clergy, and the Privilega 
' of Sandiuary, as they had it before King Hnrj 

* the Eighth's Reign ; excepting only fuch as 

* were guilty of Murder, Poifoning, Burglary, Rob- 
« bing on the High-Way, the flealing of Cattle, 

* or fiealing out of Churches or Chapels. Poifon- 

* ers were to fufFer as other Murderers. None 

* were to be accufed of Words but within a Month 

* after they were fpoken, And thofe who called 
« (he /rm* King by the Title of King of /"«««, 


p:hy Google 

<y E N G L A Jl D. 23, 

* were not to beefteemed guilty of the Pains ofK-rAuar^vl. 

* ^ranflating ihc King's Authority or Tiiies to any 

* other.' 

The Repeat of all thefc Statutes opened the 
Door wide for Liberty of Confcience all over E>i£~ 
land ; and Dr. Htyttyn obferves ', all Men were 
now fet at Liberty to read the Scriptures, aad ex- 
pound them as they pleafed ; of entertatifing whac 
Opinion in Religion bell agreed with their Fancies^ - 
and promulgating thofe Opinions which they enter- 
tained : But this is 3 Miftake, for ftill the Law for 
burning of Heretics fubfifted ; of which Kind of 
Executions there were feveral Inftances in this 

There rs one Thing more remarkable, before 
we conclude the Proceedings of this Seffion; and 
that is, on one Day of it, when a certain Provifion 
was made to the Sacrament- Bill, for taking of it 
in both Kinds, and fent down from the Lords to 
the Commons for their Afflcnt to , it, the latter 
would not receive it, becaufe the Lords had not 
given their Confent to the fame. 

And we mufl not forget to mention that, on the 
29th of Nevemhtr, a Bill againft Vagabonds was 
brought in ; by which it was enacted, * That allAfl reiiting t^ 

* that Ihould any where loiter without Work, or^»B»l«>ad«. 

* without offering themfelves to Work, three Days 

* together ; or that ihould run away from Work, 

* and refolve to live idly, Ihould be feized on ; and 

* wbofoever (hould prelant them to a Juflice of 
' Peace, was to have them adjudged to be his Slaves 

* for two Years ; and they were to be marked with 

* the Letter V, imprinted with a hot Iron on their 

* Breaft.' A great many Provifpes follow concern- 
ing Clerks fo convid ; which ihew, as Bifhop £«r- 
ntt obferves, That this Adt was chiefly levelled at 
the idle Monks and Friers, who went about the 
Country, and would betake themfelves to no Em- 
ployment ; but, finding the People apt to have 
CompafTion on them, they continued in that Courfe 
of Life, which was of very ill Confequence to the 

State 1 

• H'JItry of ibc Rtftrvalien, p. 48, 

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2^2 Tie 'ParUamentary History 

K. fJmr^Tl. State ; for thefc Vagrants did every where alienate 
the People's Minds from the Government, and per- 
fuaded them Things vrould never be well reitied^ 
till [hey were again reftored to their Houfes, Some 
of thefe came often to Lenden, on Pretence of fuing 
for their Penfions, but really to pra£tife up and dowa 
thro' (he Country : To prevent this, there was a 
Proclamation let out on the i8th oi'Stptembir.,;ra- 
qutring them to Hay in the Places where they lived* 
and to fend up a Certilicate where they were to the 
Court of Augmentations ; who {ht^ulA theieupoa 
give Order for their condant Payment. Some 
thought this Law aginft Vagabonds was too fevere, 
and contrary to that common Liberty of which the 
Eaglijh Nation has been always very fenfible, both 
in their own and their Neighbours' Particulars : Yet 
it could not be denied but extreme Difeafes required 
extreme Remedies; and perhaps there is no Punifh- 
ment too fevere for Perfons that arc in Health, and 
yet prefer a loitering Courfe of Life to an honeft 
Employment. There followed, in the Ad), many 
excellent Rules for providing for the truly Poor and 
Indigent, in ih^ feveral Places where they were born, 
^nd had their Abode. Of which, the fame Author 
iiill obferves, that as no Nation had laid down more 
efTciSiaal Rules for the fupplying of the Poor than 
England, fo that indeed none can be in an ahfolute 
Want ; yet the Negled of thefe Laws is a jull and 

freat Reproach on thofe who are charged with- the 
Execution of them, when fuch Nuinbers of poor 
Vagabonds fwarm every where without the due 
Reftraints that the Laws have appointed.' 

Die. 24. All the Bills concluded at this SeHion 

being ready for the Royal Affent, they were pafTed, 

we fuppofe, by the Lord-Prote6tor, for the King 

The Paiilanwnt was not prcfeiit in the Houfe. After which the 

pigragiied. Loid-Chancellor prorogued the Parliament from 

that Day to" the aoih of April next enfuing. 

In ihe Table at the EnJ of the Proceedinirs of 
this Seflion, in the Lards' Journals, are the Titles 
of (weniy-onc litatutes then enai2ed ; in the Siaivie- 

.:i>, Google 

e/" E N G L A N D. 233 

Ba*is are fifteen. But the lupernumerary A^ a,TtK.EJmar4Vl, 
oal]' on private Affairs ; amongfl: which three con- 
cern the RelliCution, in Blood, of the Lords Staf- 
fard and Lutniey, and Griffith Rite, Gentleman, 
la both is mentioned that the King's general Par- 
don was now confirmed by Parliament, with the 
common Exceptions; amongd Which all thofe 
wh» were then Prifoners in tbeTnv^r, and the Duke 
of Nerfiii, were included. , 

At the Time limited by the Prorogation, this ' 
Parliament met again; when the Lord -Chancel lor 
declared to them, That for certain Caufes, particu- 
larly the War which then raged betwixt England 
and Scatiand, by which feveral Members could not 
without great Danger attend, it was the King's 
Pleafure that this Parliament fhould be again pro- 
rt^ed from that Day to the 1 5ih of Oitober next 
following. And the King's Letters Patent, ap- 
pointing fuch aProrogatlon, were read accordingly. 
And, on the faid 15th Day of Oifobtr, other 
Letters Patent were read, importing that, byrea- 
fon of the Plague then reigning in the Cities of 
London, Wtjiminfter, and the Suburbs thereof, 
the Parliament was further prorogued to the 24th 
Day of Novtmbir next enfuing. 

At which Time they, being xgain aflembled, 
proceeded to do Bufinersj but nothing of any J^^^^II^'^J 
Confequence was tranfai^ed till theaiftof Z)fc»n- t54>. 
her, on which Day the Lord -Chancellor adjourned 
the Houfe to the Morrow after the Feaft of the 
Circumcifton, os'January the 2d. It is fomewhat 
retqarlcable that, during this firll Sitting and the 
fecond, the Houfe was frequently adjourned, in the 
Abfence of the Lord-Chancellor, by the Lord-Pro- 
teflor, and once by the Lord-Keeper, without any 
Commiflion from the King that is entered in the 
Jaumals ifor that Purpofe. 


1 .{I fradpal frtftlT UfiBifm Atrh flpftrU uiij; per 

Citiita'is mftrai London, Weftmon, tt Suiurbii larum, adpnrUnt 
ia^afffunlem. &c. Jr-ui-nal. Prior. An. i, Edv'ard VI, 

This Chguc wa; the Sweating Sicknefs, which Ihco nf^ in' and 
ahouE LbuJih, infomuch Lhit neai on* tlioulji'id died of il in *■ 
Week'. Tiflie. 5(™<, Sptid, &c. 

p-h»Googlc ^ 

234 ^' FarJtamentary History 

K.EdwMdVl. January 15. Was read in the Houfe for tbff 

third Time, and paiTed, the Bill for an Uniform itjr 

of Service and Ad m in ift ration of Sacraments to be 

Aft for Unifor- had throughout the Realm. But it was not cod- 

^tyiaiuiigi™. eluded „i,h the Affcnt of the fonowing Lords, for 

ihey arc put down as againfl it: The Earl of 2>fr^, 

the Bifhops of Landau, Durham, Norwich, Carlifit, 

Hereford, fVsrcefter, IVeftmlnJier, and Chichtftert 

with the Lords Dacres and Windfor. The Preaoi- 

' ble of the Adt fcts forth, ' That there had been 

* fevcral Forma of Service, and that of late there 
' had been great' DiSerence in the Ad mini first ion 

* of the Sacraments, and other Parts of Divine 

* WorOiip: And that the mod el^aual Kttdea- 

* vours could not Hop the Inclinations of many to 
' depart from the former Customs ; which the 
' King had not punilhed, believing they flowed 

* from a good Zeal. But that there might be an 

* uniform Way over all the Kingdom, the King, 

* by the Advice of the Lord -Protestor and his 

* Council, had appointed the Archbiibop of Can- 

■ teriury, with other learned and difcrcet Bifhops 

* andDivines, todraw up an Order of Divine Wor- 

* lh>p, having Refpedl to the pure Rel^ion of 

* Chriyi taught in the Scripture, and to the Prai9ice 

* of the Pf imitive Church, which th^, by the Aid 
- • of the Holy Ghoft, had with one uniform Agree- 

* ment concluded on j wherefore the ParUament 
' having confidered the Book, and the Things that 

■ were altered or retained in it, they gave their mod 

* humble Thanks to the King for his Care about 
' it; and did pray that all who had formerly 

* ofFeniled in thefe Matters, except (uch as were 

* in the Tower of Lendttt, or the Prifon of the 
« l^Jeet, fhouid be pardoned: And did enaA, That, 

* from the Feaft of fp'hil/unday next, all Divine 

* Offices fhould be performed according to it ; and 

* that fuch of the Clergy as fhould refule to do it, 

* or continue to officiate in any other Manner, 

* fhould, upon the firfl Conviflion, be imprifoned 

* fix Months, and forfeit a Year's Profit of their 
' Benefice; For the fecond Odence, forfeit all iheir 

' Church 

p-hy Google 

of ENGLAND. 23; 

-T Church Preferments, and fuffer a Year's Impri-K. fJuunTVl.' 

* fonment : And, for the third Ofience, fliould be 

* imprilbned during Life: And all that fhuuid 

* write, or put out Things In Print agalnft it, or 

* threaten any Clergymen for ufing it, were to be 

* fined 10/. forthefirft Olfence;2o/.forthefccond; 

* and to forfeit all their Goods, and be imprifoiied 

* for Life, upon a third Offence : Only at the 

* Univerfities they might ufe ic in Latin and Griei, 

* excepting the Office of [he Com r nun ion. It was 
' alfo lawful to u(e oihet Pfalms or Prayers taken 

* out of the Bible, To thefe in ihe Baok were not 

* omitted.' This Acl was varioufly cenfured by 
tbofe whodiflilced it. Some thought it too much 
that it was faid the Boole w-^t, drawn iy the Aid of 
tbt Holy Gbafl. But others faid this was not to 
be fo undcrftood, as if they had been jnfpired by 
extraordinary Affiftance, for then there had been 
no iloom for any Correi^ion of what was niyH 
done ; and therefore it was only to be underltood 
in that Senfe, as all good Motions and Confuhations 
are direif^ed or alEAed by the fccret Influences of 
God's Holy Spirit ; which do oft help good Men, 
even in their imperfcift Actions, where the Good 
that is done is jullly afcribed to the Grace of God. 
Others cenfured it, becaufe it was faid to be done 
by uniform Agreement, though four of the Bifhops 
that were employed in the drawing of it, protelled 
againll it. Thefe were the Bifbops of Nervjicby 
Htreftrd, Chichtfttr^ and Wtftminfttr ; but thefe 
had agreed in the main Parts of the \yor1c, though 
in fome few Particulars they were not fatisfied, 
which made them diflent from the whole *.' 

.One Thing mud not be omitted ; that whiJft (his 
Bill of Common Prayer was debating In the Houfe 
of Commons, one Siariyy a Member, fpoke fa 
fliarply a(>ainfi it, and was fo free of his Re!?e£tion3 
on the King Jnd the Piotcflor, that he was put 
into the Serjeant's Hands, and fent to the Tcwir. 

% Tha King. 

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236 The ParUamertiary History 

K.£J«wiVl.xhe Words he fpokc from were thcfc, fTa unto 

thtiy O England, whin thy K'fg is a Child, An 

Impeachment was a^ually drawn Up agaitift him 

for it ; but, upon his humble Submiffion, the 

Houfc ordered the Privy Counfellors to acquaint 

the Prolefior, that it was their Rcfolution he uould 

be difcharged ; and they dcfired the King would 

fornve his Ofiencc againll him and the Council. 

Amther, illow. The next was a Bill for the Marriage of Priefis, 

■Dg PhclU to which. pa&d both Houfcs on the 19th of February i 

**^' amongll thePceistheBifliopsof Zaxf/nff, Durham^ 

Norwich, C^riiJU, Worctfier, Brijlol, Chiehifter, 

and Landaff, with the Lords MorUy, Dacris, 

fftHdJor, and Wharton, diffenting. The Preamble 

of this A£t declares, 

' That it were better for Priefts and the Mini- 

* fters of the Church' to live chafte and without 

* Marriage ; whereby they might better attend to 

* the Mhiiftry of the Gofpel, and be lefs diftrataed 

* with Secular Cares } fo that it were much to be 

* wihed, that they would of themfdves abAain : 
' Sut great Pilthinefs ofliving, with other Incon- 

* venietices, had followed on the Laws that com- 

* pelled ChaAity, and prohibited Marriage ; fo thar 

* it was better they ihould be fuffered to marry than 

* be fo retrained ; therefore all Laws and Canons 

* that had been made againfl it, being only made 

* by human Authority, are repealed : So thaf all 

* Spiritual Perfons, of what Degree foevpr, might 

* lawfully marry, provided they married according 

* to the Older of the Church. But a Provifo was 

* added, That becaufc many Divorces of Priefts 

* had been made after (he fix Articles were enacted, 

* and (hat the Women might have thereupon mar- 

* ricd again, all thefe Divorces, with every Thing 

* that had followed on them, fhould be confirmed.' 

Bifhop Burnet obferves, That there was no Lavu 

that paflcd in this Reign more contradiiVed and cen- ' 

fared than this ; and has talcen great Pains to prove 

the Validity of it, from Scripture and the Fathers ". 


I Rtfirmarien, Vol, 11. p, 89 to 55, See alfg Ileylia, p. «?, 
|?(. fwc'sMir/jf., Vol. II. p.]ii(. 

p-hy Google 

5^ E N G L A N D. 237 

He bath alio thoroughly examined the Vows and K, Ed-meri vi. 
other Reafons againft it ; and, in fine, hath endea- 
voured to convince the World, that there is much 
moreChafticy in a married than an unmarried Prieft. 
His Conduct Chewed that he himfelf was thoroughly 
fatisfied in this Matter, having married no lefs 
than three Wives to preferve his own Chaflity. 

Two other AGts pafied this Seflion, which Dr. - 
Heylin fays were exceeding necelTary for the Pre- 
fervatiott of the Church's Patrimony, then near 

The firft was made for the £ncouragemei>t and 
Support of the Parochial Clergy, in the true Pay- 
ment of their Tythes, lately invaded by their Pa- 
trons, and otherwife in Danger to he loft for ever, 
by the Avaricioufnefs of the PariOiioners, as before 
was faid : For Remedy whereof it was enabled, 
' That no Perfon or Perfons fhould, from thence- ^^j f^ j^,^ 

* forth, take or carry away any Tythe <A Tythes, fuppotiing the 

' which had been recieved, or paid, within forty ?»">='"»' Cierjj 

* Years next before the Date thereof, or of Right 

* ought to have been paid, in the Place or Places 

* tytheablein thcfame,beforehehathjuftlydivided . 

* or fet forth the Tythe thereof, the tenth Part of 
' the fame, or otherwife agree for the fame Tythes, 

* with the Parfon, Vicar, or other Owner, Pro- 

* prietor, or Farmer of the fame, under the Pain 
' or Forfeiture of the treble Value of the Tythes 
' fo taken or carried away.' To which a Claufe 
was alfo added, enabling the faid Parfon, Vicars, 
fc, to enter upon any Man's Land for the due 
letting of his Tythes, and carrying away the fame 
without Moleftation ; with other Claufes no lefs 
beneficial to the injured Clergy. And becaufe the 
Revenue of the Clergy had been much diminifhed 
Hy the Lofs of fuch Of&rings and Oblations as 
had been accuftomabty made at the Shrines of cer- 
tain Images, now either defaced or removed, it 
was thought meet to make them fome Amends in 
another Way:' And thereupon it was cna£led, 
' That every Perfon exercifmg Merchandizes, 

* Bargaining and Selling, Cloathing, Handicraft, 

.' and 

.■i>, Google . 

238 The Parliamentary HisfoRV 

K,£AMrrfVI.( and other Art and Faculty, being fuch Eirid <it 
' Perfons, and in fuch Places as heretofore, within 
' the Space of forty Years then before pafTcd, have 

* accuftomably ufed to pay fuch perfonal Ty^es, 

* or of Right ought to pay* (other than fuch as the 

* common Day-Labourcrs) /hall yearly, at or be- 
' fore the Feaft of Eafter, pay, for his perfond 

* Tythes, the tenth Part of his clear Gains ; his 

* Charges and Expenccs* according to his Eftate 

■ and Condition, or Degree, to be there allowed, 

* abatedj and dedudted; with a Provifo for fomc 

* Remedy to be had therein before the Ordinary, in 

■ the Cafe of Tergiverfation, or Refufal.' But thi 
Power of the Bi^ops and other Ordinaries grow- 
ing lefs and lefs, and little or no Execution follow- 
ing in that Behalf, this lad Claufe proved of little 
Eenefic to thofe whom it mod concerned ; wlio^ 
living for the moft Part in Market-Towns, and 
having no Predial Tythes to truil to, are thereby 
in a far worfe Condition than the rural Clergy. 

And now that we have done with the moA ma- 
terial Religious Ads which palled this Sefllon, we 
fhall go on to others. 

Fih. 2$. A Bill was brought into the Hotife of 

Lords for the Attainder of Sir Tbemas Seymour t Knt.- 

t^^aXrof Lord Seymour of SudUy^ Lord -High- Admiral of 

?ii«ui Lord ^n^/iiff'^, own Uncle to the King, and Brother to the 

Sgrnmr.^ Lord- Pro teflor. It was read a fecond and a third 

Time on the next Day, and the Day following % 

but, before it pafTed the Lords, * it was thought 

' good, fays the 7«urfta/, to fend dortn certain Mi- 

* niftcrs of the Upper Houfe, to declare unto the 

* Members of the Nether Houfe, the Manner Sfter 

* which the Lords had proceeded in this Matter; 

* and to declare unto them alfo, that if they mindeJ 

* to proceed in like Sort, certain Noblemen who 

* had given Evidence againft the /aid Admiral^ 
' Ihould be fent unto them to declare, by Mouib 
' and Prefence, fuch Matter as by their Writing 

* Ihould in the mean Time appear before them.' 
After which follows this MimeraniiHm, ' That it 

* appeari 

p:hy Google 

«/• E N G L A N D. 239 

* tppearsby thtJeurnal-Beoit as well this Day, asK. EJiwrd ri. 

* at every Teveral read'mg of thcBill for the Attainder 

* of the Lord Thomas Seymour, Lord Admiral, that 

* the Lord'PioteAor, his Brother, wai prefetit.' 

March 2. Another Article is entered on the 
Journal, relating to the aforefaid Bill, in thefe 
Words, * This Day were fent down the Mafter of 

* the Rolls, Sir James Hales, and Serjeant Molli- 
' «*K*,with like Commifilon, in EfFcdt, as was fent 
' down the ffedaefday before. Anfwcr was made, 

* That they would confult together, and'lhere- 

* upon (bey wOuld with Speed fend up their Re- 

* folution i but no Hafle having been made therein 

* by them of the Nether Houfe, and the Lords ha- 

* vmg fat fo long as they thought the Time very 

* far fpcnt, they concluded to depart ; defiring the " 

* Lord-Proteflorthatitwouldpleafehimtoreceive 

* fuch Anfwer as Ihould be fent, touching this 
' Matter, from the Nether Houfe ; and to rtialce 

* Report thereof at the next AfTembly, which 

* fbould be on Monday next.' But tho' we find 
that the Protestor was prefent on that Day, yet no 
MelTage from the Commons is entered ; and we 
are only told, that, on March the 5th, the Bill for 
the Attainder of the Lord-Adfliiral was fent up, 
amongft others, as pafled by that Houfe. 

But, by the 7'"'f'"'^-'oflhe Houfe of Commons, 
it appears that this' Bill was read there the \d.& Day 
oi February for the firft Time; again on the firft of 
March ; and that, March 2, the Mafter of the Rolls, 
Serjeant MoUineux, Serjeant Halu, and the King's 
Sollicilor, were fent from the Lords to kimw the 
Pleafure of the Houfe, ifitlbouid be refoived there 
to pafs upon the Attainder pf the Admiral in (uch 
Order as was pafled in the Higher Houfe. Hereupon 
it was oidercd that Advenifement thereof ihould be 
fent to the Lords by fome of that Houfe. Then it 
was refoived that the Evidence fhould be heard or- 
derly, as it was before the Lords i and alfo to 
lequire that the Lords who affirmed that Evidence, 
might' come hither and declare \lviva Voce. And 
this to be delivered to iheLord-Ptoteflor, by Mr. 

■ i>, Google 

ft40 7he Parliamentary History 

K. Edaard VL Speaker, and other the King's Privy Council in thafl 

March 4.. The Mafter of the Rolls, i^c, declared 
the King's Plcafure to be, That the Adaiiral's Pre- 
fence was not necelTary in thisCourt ; and therefore 
he need not to be there. And further declared, That 
if theHoufe required lohave theLords to come, and 
to fatisfy them for the Evidence againft the Admi- 
ral, the Lords would come. Then it was ordered. 
That Mr. Comptroller, and others of the King'a 
Privy Council, Oioutd hear the Lords, and require. 
That if it were judged nEceflary to have the Lordi 
come, that upon any further Suit they might come 
down to their Houfe. The fame Day the .Bill for 
the Attainder oi%\tThBmas Stymouri LoiA Sud/ej^ 
was read a third Time ; and, as Rapin infornns us> 
tho' we know not from what Authority, the Bill 
palled in a full Houfe of four hundred ; not above 
ten or twelve voting in the Negative '. 

We have now given what is faid, in both the 
j'oarnfl/j, on this extraordinary Affair; where the 
Blood offo great a Perfon as the Lord- Admiral, and 
fo neatly related to the Crown, is concerned. We 
Ihalt next fubjoin the Accounts which Hiftoriani 
give relating to it. In order to explain, as far as pof- 
hble, the Springs and Motions which fet this great 
Differtnt Senti- Machine at Work, which, in the End, wrought the 
»«,utb«con. 0o„nfa|[ of both the Brethren. And, firft, Sit 

^ohn Hayvjardf the particular Writer of this King'i 
ife, claims the Preference. 
* The King had two Uncles, Brothers to Queen 
yaw his deceafed Mother, Edward Dufce of 5fl- 
merfit, Lord -Protestor, and Thomas Lord Seymour, 
Baion of SudUy, High- Admiral o^ England. As 
the Duke was elder in Years, fo was he more ftaid 
in Behaviour, The Lord Sudky was fierce in Cou- 
rage, courtly in Falhion, in Perfonage lately, in 
Voice magnificent, but fomewhat empty of Matter; 
Bwh were fo faithfully affefled to the King, that 
the one might well be termed his Swotd, and the 

I H!Pry nj EfglinJ, Vol.11. R, 14. 

■ i,,Goo'^lc 

g^ E N G L A N D. 241 

. tother his Target. The Duke wai greateft in Fa- K. SAwri VI* 
Votir with the People, the Lord SudUy moftrcfpefl- 
ed by the Nobility ; both highly efteemed by the 
King; both fortunate alike in their Advancements; 
both' rained alike by their own Vanity and Folly. 
Whilfl; thefe two Brothers held in Amity, they were 
}ike tvvo Arms, the one defending the other, and 
both of them the King : But many Things did 
move together to diflblvc their Love, and bring 
them to Ruin ; firft. Their contrary Difpofitions, 
the one being tradable atid mild, the o^ier fliff and 
impatient of a Superior ; whereby they lived but ia 
cunning Concord, as Brothtrs glewed together, but 
not united in Graiti : Then much fecret Envy was 
borne againft them, for that their new LuQre did 
dim the Light of Men honoured with aniient No- 
bility. Laltly, They were openly minded, hafty 
■nd foon moved, alfo uneircumrpedl and eafy to be 
cheated By thefe the Knot, not only of Love but 
of Nature, between them was dilTolved ; fo much 
the moi% Pity, for that the firA Caufc proceeded 
from the Pride, the haughty Hate, the unquiet Va- . 
nity of a mannifh or rather a dcvilifh Woman : 
Fot the Lord SudUy had taken to Wife Katbe- 
tint Parre, Queen Dowager, laft Wife to King 
Hemy VIII. a Woman beautified with many ex- 
cellent Virtijes,efpcciaUy with Humility, the Beauty 
ofall other Virtues. The Duke had taken to Wife 
Anne Stanhepty a Woman for many Imperfeftions 
intolerable, but for Piide monftrous : She was ex- 
ceedingly fubcle and violent in accomplifhing her 
Knds, for which fhe fpurned over all Refpe^s both 
of Confcience and of Shame. This Woman did 
bear fuch invincible Hate, firft againfl the Queen 
Dowager, fijr light Caufes and Women's Quarrels, 
efpecially for that fhe had Precedency of Place be- 
fore her, being Wife to the grcateft Peer in the Land, 
then to the I^rd SudUy for her Sake ; that albeit 
the Queen Dowager died by Child-Birth,.yet would 
not her Malice either die or decreafe ; but continu- 
ally fbe rubbed into the Duke's dull Capacity, that 
the Lord Sudity dilTenting from him in Opinion of 
Vol. III. \ Jlc. 

.:i>, Google 

242 The Parliamentary Histort 

KifAMciVI.RelieloD, fought nothing mote than to take awaV 
his Ore i as well in regard of the common Caum 
of Religion, as thereby happty to attain his Place. 
Man; other Things Uie boldly feigned, being af- 
furcd of eafy Belief in her heedlefs Hearer, always 
fearful and fufpicious, as of feeble Spirit, but now 
ittorc than £ver, by reafon of fome late Oppolicion 
againft him. Her Perfuafions flie ctinningly in- 
termixed with Tears, a$rming. That £he would 
depart from him, ab willing rather to hear both of 
his Difgraces and Dangers, than either to fee the 
one or participate of the other. 

* The Duke eipbracing this Woman's Counfel, 
(a Woman's Cemnfel indeed, and nothing the bet- 
ter) yielded himfelf both to advife and devife for the 
Deftruaion of his Brother. The Earl of IVarwick 

• had his Finger in the Bufinefs, and drew others alfo 

to give either Furtherance or Way to her violent 
Delires ; being well content (he fliould have her 
Mind, fo as the Duke might thereby incur infamy 
and Hate. Hereupon the Lord Sudley was arrefted 
and fent to the Tawer^ and in a very flioft Time 
after condemned by A^ of Parliament; and, with- 
in a few Days after his Condetimation, a Warrant 
was fent under ihfi Hand of his Brother the Duke, 
whereby his Head was delivered to the Axe. His 
own fierce Courage haftened his Death, becaufe* 
equally balanced between Doubt and Difdain, he 
was defiroUs rather to die at once, than to linger 
Jong upon Courtefy, and in Fear. 

* The Accufation againft him contained much 
ftivolous Matter, or term them pitiful, if you pleafe^ 
The A£l of Parliament exprefTes thefe Caufea of his 
Attainder; For attempting to get into his Ch- 
fiody the Perfon of (he King atid Government of 
the Realm ; for making much Provifinn of Mone]r 
and Viituals; for endeavouring, to marry the Lady 
Elizabtth, the King's Siller; for perfuading the 
King, in his tender Age, to take upon him the Rule 
and Order of himfelf. The Proofs might eafily be 
made, becaufe he was never called to his Anfwer : 
But as well the Pioteftations at the Point of hia 



5/' E N G A L N D. 24J 

Death, as the open Courfe and Carriage ofhlsLife, K.£<^uwiVI> 

cleared him in Opinion of many. So doubtful are 

all weighty Matters, whilA fome take all they hear 

for certain, others making t^eftion of any Truths, 

Po'fterity enlarging both. Dr. Latimer, pretending 

all the Gravity and Sincerity of a profefled Divine, 

yet content to be ferviceable to great Men's Ends, 

declared In a Sermon before the King, that, whilfl 

the Lord SudUy was a Prifoner in the Toxoer, he 

wrote to the Lady Mary and the Lady Elizahethy 

theKing'sSiilers,ihattheyfliouldrevengeliis Death t 

which indeed the LiidyAfary afterwards more truly 

did, by executing the Earl of ^oriffVif, than either 

flie was, or at that Time could In particular be re- 

fiuired. Many other Imputations he call forth be- 
ides; moll doubted, many known to be untrue i 
And fo whereas Papinian, a Civil Lawyer, but a 
Heathen, chofc rather to die than to defend the 
Murder whi^h the Emperor Caracatla had done up- 
on his Brother Gtia, fome Theologians have been » 
employed to defile Places ere£led only for Religioo 
and Truth, by defending Oppreffions and Fac- 
tions, flaifiing their Profeffions and the good Art3 
which they had learned, by'publifhing odious Un- 
truths upon Report and Credit of others,' 

The Annotatoron this Author, in Kenntt'siiiAo- 
jy of England, who ligns himfelf^. S. has taken a 
great deal of Pains to wipe off the Afperfions here 
laid on the Duke of Scmerfct ; and alTerts, That the 
Story of the Female Quarrel is untrue, and taken 
from Sandtrs'i Hiftory of the Englijb Schifm, a vi- 
rulent Writer againlt the Refermatian, He has ^ 
endeavoured alfo to vindicate the Protestor, in his . 
Behaviour towards his Brother, before and at the 
Time when the Bill of Attainder was depending. 
|lc calls him an evil Man, turbulent, and of am' 
Dttious Defigns from the Beginning of the King's 
Reign : That he raifed Soldiers, and threatned that 
hi would mait the blackiji Parliament that ever was 
in England : That he was fufpeiaed to have pol^ 
foned hisWifc,thatexceiIent Woman,Queenrfl- 
thtrine~i-t^-aXt being fingle, he might make his Ad- 
Q, 2 dreft 

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244 ^^ TarVtamentary Histoid 

K. Edv^ri VI, drefs to the Lady Ellzohih, the King's Sifter, ani 
one of the Heirs to the Crown, And adds. That 
furely Sir Jehn Hayward had ficver read the hSt 
of Parliament whereby that Lord was attahited, . 
to term bis Accufations to be frivolous and pitiful 
Matters. He goes on, and quotes from Burnet's 
Ififtiiry of the Re/armaticH ; who, he adds, hath 
exemplified, from the Council-Book, the Articles 
aeainll him to the Number of thirty-three, which 
will Ihew what heavy Crimes were laid to his 
Charge ; and which, although he was urged by the 
Lords of the Council, upon his Allegiance, to make 
Anfwer to, he would not be perfuaded to do it ; 
till, at U(^, he made fome Anfwer to the three 
firft, but no morej nor would he fct his Hand to 

The Reader may judgrof thefe contrary Ac- 
counts as he pleafes j or if he is defiroDs to read the 
whole Affair, he may confuit BiQiop Burnet, whs 
is very copious about it : Wc (hall only obferve that, 
by the Journals, it appears that the Duke of Somer- 
fit, as Proteflor, fat in the Houfe of Peers every 
Day whilft the Bill of Attainder againft his own 
Brother was depending ; and no doubt Voted in this 
Cafe of Blood. From whence we may infer, that 
the Profecution was but too pleafing to him ; fince 
he might have been well excufed from fuch an At- 
tendance on the Fate of fo near a Relation, as well 
as ligning a Warrant for his Execution. 
kbehaded. On the 20th of March the Admiral was behead- 
ed i but it was amply returned upon the Protec- 
tor in a Jhort Space after, and, as Grafton ob- 
ferves ^, the Fall of one Brother proved the Over- 
throw of the other '. 


i Hijti'yf Etgknd. SahhicAmi. 

1 Htylin imn up a ihort Piiillel bcTw«n ibc two Brolhtn. 
Ths Admiial wti ■ Man of AiAitft, well made, ind braTc in hit 
PetfOD ; bui noE wiihoM >n Allir of MaKghtinefi and Ambition. 
Th* Duke WIS of a moit mild and condtrcentive Teoi|Kr, more fuf- 
crptihit of ImprcSiont. and 0|«n in difGOvering hi) Mind. The 
Hiftorian loncludei ; i( tlwit good QwalKiei had been joined, and 
iheir Defcda dilihirged, itiEy would both have made an admiiabl* 
Man, Uifi»rj «/ ibi Ktfwmaim, p. s^j. 

p:hy Google 

2^ E N G L A N D. 245 

To go on with the Jturnah. K- «'^-«' *l- 

On the 12th of March was expeclitei] the Bill for 

framing a Subfidy from the Temporality to the 
jng's Majefty. This, as the Aft exprefles it ™, 
was a Relief out of Sheep, Cloths, Goods, Debts, ASubfidji 
Wf. to be paid in three Years. The Clergy granted 
6 d, in the Pound to be paid alfo in three Years. 
In the Preamble to their Bill they acknowledged 
the great Quletnefs they enjoyed under the King, 
having no Let nor Impediment in the Service of 
God. But the Laity fct out their Subfidy with a 
much fuller Preamble * of the great Happincfs they 
' had by the true Religion of Cbriji; declaring that 

* they were ready to forfakc all Things rather than 

* Chri/i; as alfo to affift the King in the Conqueft 

* of Scotland, which they call a Part of his Domi- 

* nion ; therefore they gave tid. in the Pound on 

* all Men's Perfooal Eftates, to be paid In three 

* Years.' 

TTie next Day was read the third Time, and p"!* ■"■"** ■ 
pafTed, a Bill for a general Pardon granted by the " ' 

Anil, on the ly^ibidtm^ the King being prefent 
in the Houfe, alt the Great Officers of State, two 
MarquilTes, eight £arU, ly Bilhops, and 17 Barons, 
the Bills all obtained the Royal Aflent. After 
which his Majefty, in Perfon, prorogued this Par- 
ment again to the ,].th Day of November next en- 
There are the Titles of no lefs than fixty Afls, . 
pafled this Scffion, in the Lords' Joumah ; in the 
printed Book of Statutes, only thirty-nine. One 
Sir Ifil/iam Sherrington, Knt. was indi£ted and 
aitaintedjbyConfeflion, of High Treafon, for coun- 
terfeiting of Tefiom to the Value of 12,000/. " 
Several Aifts alfo paiTed for Reftitution in Blood of 
Sir George Darcey and Sir Ralph Butmer, Knts. 
Henry IVeJlm, Ralph Bigod, Edward Carlilon^ 
Thomas Percy, Efqrs. ,and Francis Carevj, Gent, 
who themfelves, or their Anceftors, had been at- 
Q. 3 tainted 

"■ Sialklii Ml largi. Anno 1 i 3 Edivard VI. cap. mvi. 

P He was luo^cd ufonasan Actomplic«iivilh iluii«id^daur«j, 

^.fC'Ut. * 

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246 ^7^ Parliamentary History 

IC£ifaurJ VI. tainted for Rebellion in the laft Reign. But we 
mull not omit another AS, which was palTed thiq 
Seffion, againfl eating Flefli in Ltnt ,; In the Pre- 
AAigainHut- amble of which it is faid, ' That tho' it is clear, 
ing Fleili in • by the Word of God, that there is no Day, nor 
f^.&(. « u^j^j Qf Meat, purer than another, but that all 

* are in themfelves alike ; yet tunny, out of Sen- 

* fualiiy, had contemned fuch Abftinence as had 

* been formerly ufed \ and fmce Abflinence was a 

* Means to Virtue, and to fubdue Men's Bodies to 
^ their Soul and Spirit, and was alfo neceflary to, 

* encourage the Trade of FiCbing, and tor faving 

* of Flelh ; therefore ali former Laws about Faft- 

* ing and Abflinence were to be, after the firfl: of 
< May, repealed ; and it was ena£ted, That, from 

. • the firft of May, none {hould cat Flcfli on Fri- 
' days, Saturdays^ Embir-Days, in Ltnt, or any 

* other Days that fhould be declared FiQi-Days, 

* under feveral Penalties. A Provifo was added 

* for excepting fuch as fbould obtain the King's 

* Licence, or were fick and weak ; and that none 

* fliould be indided but within three Months after 
' the OiFence.' 

And, laftly, we fhall conclude our Account of 
the Proceedings of this Seflion in the Words of 
another Ecclellaftical Writer ', though it is on a 
quite different Affair, but perhaps more conducive 
to the Public Good than any of the former. 
Billi for Relief * There was one Thing debated in this Parlia- 
af the Poor; mcnt, which may deferve to be here related ; Foe 
the pacifying of the People, and making the Condi- 
tion of the Poor eafier againfl Graziers and Gentle- 
men, who inclofed Commons, and negledled Til- 
lage, 'John Haies (that had been lately in a Com- 
miffion to inquire into Inclofures, and then faw and 
pitied the OpprcfTion Of the poor Country People) 
devifed three Bills to be put inio Parliament, unto 
which he firft made many wife Men piivy. The 
one was for the re-edifying of Houfes decayed, and 
for the Maintenance of Tillage and Hufbandiyj 
pother, againfl regrating of Vidluals and other 

« Slrffc't Evl'f^jl. Mmor. Vol. II- p. '34. 

p:hy Google 

«/■ E N jO I, A N p. 247 

Things, wherein one principal Point was, ThatK.EAMrrfyi; 
neither Graziers, nor none elfc ihould bjiy any 
Catde* and leil the fame again within a certain 
Time : For as the Taid Huies had learned, and kaevf 
of Certainty, divers Graziers and Sheep-Malterv 
brought both Cattle and Money to the Market, 
and, if they could not fell their own as dear as they 
lifled, they carried them, home again, and bought 
ail the reft. Thefe two Bills wete iirft put to the 
Lords. The iirft, being read, Was not liked. The 
fecond they allowed and augmented, and Tent down 
to the Lower Houfe; where it was fo debated and 
tolTed up and down, and at laft committed to fuch 
Men, and there fo much deferred, that Men's Af- 
feiftions might there have been notably difcovered. 
And perhaps, (aid Haiis, (relating this Matter in X-^ 
Writing of his) he that had feen all this would haye 
faid. That the Lamb had been committed to the 
Wolfe's Cuftody. The third Bill was fet forth fitft 
in the Lower Houfe, and tended to this £nd. That 
every Man that kept, in feveral Paftures, Sheep or 
Beafts, fhould k.eep, for every hundred Sheep that 
be had above Sixfcore, two K'ne; and for every of 
thefc two Kine (houtd rear one.Calf; and for every 
two Kine that he kept belide, more than ten, hf 
jbould rear one Calf. By this Means he thought 
and believed that the Nation fliould not only hav9 
Plenty of Beads, whereof (here was wonderful greap 
Decayt but a!fo thereby the Markets fhould be re- 
^enilhed with .Milk, Butter, and Cheefe, the com-^ 
man and principal Suftcnaiice of the Poor, Ths 
faid Hales has fuch an Opinion of this Bill, that he 
durll have laid his Life on it that, if it had proceed- 
ed, there would have been, within five Years after 
the Execution thereof, fuch Plenty of Viiftuals, and 
fo good and cheap, as never was in England ; and 
beudes a great many good Things enfue, very ne- 
ceflary.and profitable for the Commonwealth of 
the Country, wj^ich neither by the Execution of 
the late CominilBon, nor yet by any pofitive Law 
then in B.eing, could be h olden. But, fays fiaits, 
lientelrius and his Fellows foon fpied whereunto 

.■i>, Google 

248 The Parhamentary HisTORr 

Jt. £AMri Vl.thls Thing tended. There was then, Huld wlt& 
me, and I wilt hold with thee. Some alledgcd the 
Opinion of their Fathers in Time paft (but thcfo 
had been great Shoep-Mafters); who, when the 
like Bill had been propounded, would never confent 
unto it J but faid that, when any Scarcity of Cattio 

WhitliimfMRr.was, a Proclamation was made that noCalvesfhouId 
be killed for a Time. Some alledgcd that Men then 
eat more Flefli than they did in Time paft; and tliat 
in Lent, and other faffing Days heretofore, the Peo- 
ple eat neither Butler, Milk, nor Cheefe.and would 
have them do fo again for Policy Sake. And thus 
ihefe rich Inclofers got the better of thefe good 
Bills intended for the Benefit of the Poor.' 

ABDoRegbl J. On the Day appointed by the lad Prorogation 
«5+9' the fame Parliament met again, which was Nev. 4, 
in the third Year of this Reign : And the jirft: 
Thing we find that the Houfe of Lords went upon, 
was to bring in a Bill againd the fpreading of falfe 
and vain Prophecies againft the King or his Council, 
Aft itliiiog to fince by fuch Means the People were difpofed to Se- 
|tioK, Vt. dition. For the firft Offimcc, it was to be punifh- 
ed by a Year'slmprifonment, and 10/. Fine; for 
the next, it was Imprifonment during Life, with 
the Forfeiture of Goods and Chattels. Alfo another 
againft the rifing of the common People into un- 
lawful Afl'emblies, by which much Mifchief had 
been done lately in the Kingdom. By this it was 
enafled. That if any, to the Number of twelve, 
fliould meet together unlawfully for any Matter of 
Slate, and continue for the Space of an Hour, and, 
being required by any lawful Magiftraie. fhould not 
difperfe themfelves, it fhould be Treafun. Bifhop 
Burnet calls this a /evere Law ; but it is the Mo- 
del of our prefent Riot Adt. It was made Felony 
alfo to gather the People together without War- 
rant, by ringing of Bells, Sound of Drum or Trum- 
pet, or firing of Beacons : And if any one broke 
Hedges, or violently pulled up Pales, about Jn- 
clofures, without lawful Authority, it fhould be 
^'elotiy. All thcfc Laws were made on Accoant of 

p-hy Google 

o/" E N G L A N D. 249 

AeTumults the laft Year, which fpread into almoftK-^'toarJ Vi. 
every County of Eaglandy and are the Subjed: of 
fome Pages of our larger HiftorUns P. Amongft 
whom Grafton obfervcs that the Proteflor tell, by 
thefc A£ls, two Years after, though they were no- 
ways intended fo againft him. 

Novembtr 14. After both the aforefald Bills 
were read a thiid Time in the Houfe, all the Bi- 
fliops joined in a Complaint to the Lords, ' That 
' they were much defpiled bv the common People i 
' thjt Vice and Diforder much abounded; and that 

* they durft not punifti any Sin, by realbn that fome 
' late Proclamations had ulmolt totally deprived 
' them of any Jurifdidlion ; fo that tliey could not 

* oblige any Perfon to appear before them, or ob- 

* fcrve the Orders of the Church,' This Com- 
plaint was heard, not without much Concern *>, 
by the reft of the Lords ; and that they mi^rht put a 
fpeedy Stop to this Evil, the Prelates were defired to 
draw fome Fotm of a Statute for that Purpofc. 

On the i8th a Bill was brought into the Houfe, ■ 
and read once, but rejected ; becaufe, by it, the Bi- 
fhops feemed to arrogate too much Power to them- 
felvcs ; therefore it was thought advifeable to ap- 
point fome prudent Perfons, of each Order, after 
mature Deliberation on the Point, to draw up a 
fecond Bill ; and the Archbiihop of Canurbury, 
the Marquis of Dorfsl, the Bifllops of Durham, A Bit[ for «nfw- 
Ely, Litchfield and Coventry i the Lords ff^harm,'2ia\l^^'% 
znA Stafford, to whom were joined the Lord /t/W-f^dby theLoidij 
'"gi'-. Lord Chief Juftice of the Common- Pleas, but dioiit by tbo 
the Lord Chief Baron, the King's Attorney and'^"""- 
Sollicitor-General, were appointed aCommitteefar 
that Purpofe. But, to make Ihort of this Bufinefs, 
tho' the Lords pafled a fecond Bill for the due Exe- 
cution of Eeclefiaftical Laws, one Claufe of which 
was. That no Perfon ftiould be employed in them 
bin who had been a Student for fome Years in an 
Univerfity ; yet if was laid afide by the Commons, 

P Sre lhir,ngfi.ia4'% Chtn. S,l ^H„i i (49. 

p:hy Google 

^^0 The Parliamentary History 

lf.«A(wrf VI. after a fecond Reading in that Houfe. They 
thought ic better, {»y% Bifhop Burnet % to renew 
the Defign that was in the former Reign, of thirty- 
two Ferions being authorifed to compilea Body of 
Eccle flail leal Lawa ; and thefe, being nothing con- 
trary to the Common and Statute Laws of the 
Land, {hould be publifhed by the King's Warrant, 
under the Great Seal, and have the Force of Laws 
in the Ecdefiaftical Courts ■. The EfFeft which 
this Ordinance had will appear in the Sequel. 

It is to be obferved that this Parliament fat every 

Day during the Chriflmas Holidays, except on th? 

Great Feftival ^ which Thing, as it is new, we may 

imagine fome Matter of Moment was in Agitation. 

Accordingly, on the id Day o{ January, the feur- 

jm/ informs us that the grand Affair of the Duke 

of Semtrfit's came before them introdu^ in this 

Manner : 

Pnnwdingt * That as the faid Duke, for divers great Crimes, 

sEamA Che Dolce » committed againft the King and Kingdom, bad, on 

w Sm<'Sti. , ,j,g ,^(t, ^f Qg^jjff. lafl^ been thrown into Prifon, 

*■ this Day a Bill was read in the Houfe, in which 

* werecontained twenty-nine Articles agajnfi him ; 

* all and lingular of which the faid Dulce had figneii 

* with his own Hand, and had humbly caft himfelf 

* upon his Majefty's Judgment and Will : Which 
' volilntary ConfciSon, confirmed by his fubfctibing 

* it, they all made no Doubt of ; neverthelcfs, con- 

* fidering how eafily precipitate Judgments may be 

* drawn into Precedents, they thought proper, from 

* their Body, to fend two Earls, two Barons, and 

* four BiOkops, to learn from his own Mouth, 

* whether the faid Duke figned- the faid Articles vo- 
' luntatily,-or by Compuifion. And the Earls of 

^ IVeJlmordandSDA Bath, the Blfliops oi Utchfiitd, ■ 

* Hereford, fFmepr, and WeJiminjUr, the Barons 


t BuriM't Btfcrmalian, Vol. It. p. I4I. 

• Thefe RelisicHj Atticlei weie, fome Time iftsr, tompiled dnd 
made 1 Bariy of Iju'i. 'Ihcy were lirlt prinud in i;7i, and at ai a 
in i6^a,vDiaiVe1-\x\eQi Rtft'inmLigiim EulrfBlluornm. The 
Names nf ihe Commlffioneti may he (ten in Kmg EAcarrf iJj« 
Siiih'i Joarnal, \:ilaxci in fiUhup Bi.rsci'i Afpcndi( to b|i it, 
Vol. p. 4a, 


«/■ E N G L A N D. 2j, 

f Cabham and Merley, were named for that Pur-l^- Xdaurivi. 
' pofe.' 

On the next Day the faid Lords Commiffioners 
informed the whole Houfe, that they hatj been with 
the Taid Duke, and that he had acknowledged to 
them the Signing of the faid Artides, and' confef- 
fed ajl the Crimes and Errors contained in them. 
And, befides, he returned his moft hearty Thanks 
to the Houfe for their great Humanity ii) fending 
fuch an honoucablc EmbaJTy to him. 

Bifhop Buraet writes, from the Council- Boaif 
that the Duke had made his Confeffion, on his 
Knees, before the. King and Council, and figned it 
on the 13th ofDeamberhA. He p rote (led tbaihia 
OJTence had flowed from Raflinefs and Indifcretton, 
rather than Malice, and (hnt he had no treafonable 
Defign againf{ the K'mg or his Realms. So' he was 
fined, by AtS of Parliament, in 200O /■ a Year in 
Laud, and the Forfeit of all his Goods and Offices, 
which were Ear! MarfhaULord Treafurer,and Lord 
Prote^or. But his Carriage after this appeared fo 
meelf and humb1e,thal[he King was prevailed upon 
to pardon bim for that Time ; and, fome Time 
after, to make him again one of his Privy Council. 

On the Ijrft Day of February the King came to 
the Houfe, and, after giving the Royal AITent to 
the Bills, he prorogued the Parliament to the 2lft 
of jfpril next following. 

The Journals of the Lords give us the Titles 
of thirty-one Acis that were pafled this SefTion ; 
the Statuti-Books, only twenty-four ; the moft re- 
markable of which, not already mentioned, are 
tbefe : 

In Religious Affairs there was a Bill brought into 
the Houfe of Lords, for the repealing of a Branch 
of the Afl of Uniformity i but itwent no farther 
than one Reading. There was alfo a Bill brought 
irWo the Ho(ife of Cornmoos, that the preaching up 
and hoWing fome Opinions fhouid be deemed Felo- 
ny ; it palled with them, but was laid afide by the 
Z^oids. Bucanoihcr Bill, for a Form in ordain- 

.■i>» Google 

252 iTbe ParJiamentaty History 

K. £dw«rd Minifters, paffed both Houfcs ', tho' in the Up-r 
per Houfe the Bifhops of DurhatB, Carliflt, Wtr- 
teftiTy Chichfffer, and H^ejminfttr, proteftcd agafnil 
it. An A« was pafled alfo in this Seffion, bjr 
which it was declared. That all Books ufed in 
Churches, Tuch as Jmiphanales, Mijfuh, Graylts, 
Practjftanah^ Manuals, Legtndi, Pi'ei, Pertuajfesy 
Jiurnah, Caueheri, and Ordinals, affcrthc U(e of 
Sarum, Lincoln, Tari, or any other private \Jfe, 
fltould be dellrojed : And all thofe who had an/ 
Image, that did belong to any Church or Chapel, 
AAfeiaefuing were required to deface Jtbefore the lafl Day of Junt: 
*"«"' And in all Primers, in Latin or Eaglijh, fet out by 

the late King, the Prayers 10 the Saints were to be 
obliterated. But the Earl of Dtrby, the Bifbops of 
Durham, Litchfield ai\A Covfntry,Carlifle,fViiTceffery 
IFiJlminftrr^aaA Chiche/}tr,vih\it.'h.K Lords Staurlon, 
Mor/iy, IVindfor, and ffharioH, proteftcd againft 
this Ai^. By Virtue df the aforementioned Statute, 
Vifitors were appointed tovifit [he Churches in Lon- 
don ; and'all the Images, itSt.Paufs and the other 
Churches in.the City, were taken down and broke 
in Pieces; which Example was afterwards followed 
through all the other Churches in England'^ : By 
which a great many beautiful out- fide' Fronts, 
in our Cathedrals, &c. were much deformed ; the 
Pedeltals and Niches ever fmce left bareand naked, 
riie Images being almoft all deftroyed at this Time, 
This Piece of Anti Idoblrymiiy bethought by fomc 
asblameublc as the Woilhip of Images; and aPa- 
pi/l would not (tick to apply here the Saying of the 
Pfalmifl, A Mali was famous, according as he bad 
iifttd up jfxes upon the thick Tree ; but now thtj 
briak down the carved IVork thereof with Axes and 
Hammers '. But there was a Provilo in this A&, 
that Images upon the Tombs of any King, Prince, 
Nobleman, or Other dead Perfun, not reputed a 
Sainr, might ilill remain. 
Othtt AQi p»r. A Law was made this Seffion againft Vagabonds, 
ltd, by which a former Statute of this Reign was re- 


t SiBinir; ai largi, ] sn I 4 ^< viaid VI> cap. lU. 
■ HM-n^JbiadS Chrei. f 99;. 
» fjalm lw(». 6, 7, 

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©/•ENGLAND. &SS . 

paled, and an A£l made in the late Reign put inK. EJturJVk- 
Force. Provifions were laid dnv/n for relieving 
the Sick and Impotent,. and fetting the Poor, that 
were able, to Work ; whereby once a Month there 
fliould be a Vifiialion of the Poor by thofe in Of- 
fice, who (hould fend away fuch as did not belong 
to that Place, to fuch Places as were obliged to look 
after them. An A& concerning the Improvement 
of Commons and wafle Ground. An AH for dif- 
inherititig of miliam mft^ Knt. tbomai Jflty, Efqj 
and Mary Stymaury Daughter and Heir to the Lord 
SudUy, lace Admiral of England. An A<5t was alfo 
made, wheteW the Subfldy granted to the King the 
laft Year, on Sheep, Cloths, fJc. was releafed, and 
that on Goods continued ; and, in lieu of the for- 
mer, a Tax ofone Shilling in the Pound was laid 
onGoods, and for Aliens two Shillings. Laft of all 
comes the King'sgeneral Pardon, out of which the 
Prifoncrs in the Tewtr, or other Prifons, for Mat- 
ters of State, were excepted ; as alfo all Anabap- 
tiftif a Se£t lately imported from Germany ''. 

But we muft not omit one Circumftancc rela- 
ting to the Rules of the Houfe of Commons, men* 
tioned in their 'Journal. It fecms that before this 
Time the eldeft Sons of Peers were not allowed tORdbintioBortka 
beMembersof that Houfe; and Sir FrancU Ru£il,Commoa» »> ta 
being, by the Death of his elder Brother, Heir ap-t,=>^'''^ftSooi«f 
parent to the Lord RuJJil, it was, upon the 2 1 Q of """ 
January^ carried, upon a Debate, That he Jhsuld 
Jill abidt in the Houfe as he was before. 

From the 2lft Day of April this Parliament 
was again prorogued, by the King's Letters Patent, 
directed to the Lord- Chancellor, Lord-Treafureri 
^c. to the lothDay of OSlnber next enfuing; 
and from that Day another Prorogation happened 
to the 20th Day oifanuary following ; from which 
Time it fuffered one more Prorogation to the 2d of 
March, but ftill did not meet to do Bufmefs 'till 
the Z3d Day oijanuarjy in the fifth Year of this 
Reign. 'j ■ 


7 Two Pf rfons were eieeuted, in ihii ReigU, for being Aw- 
itf^fii. C'Jh't tl'JI"J »/Enslifli B-foj»i, Vol. 1. p. 46. 

p:hy Google 

B54 ^^ Parlumenfaty Histort 

K Ed%aetJVI. At which Time, the Pailiameiit bein^ oncG Rior^ 
AuDo Rcgri J. affemWed at {Vtflminfiir, they continued fining 'till 
*^^''** , the 14O1 of ^prj/ following. The Biifinefs that 
was done in this Scflion, which is any ways hillori- 
««'rft^,S'^-''' *•* *^" P" ""•*" ***> ^*»'''' Religious and 
rnm^itioD). Civil. And 

The firrt A£l that was brought into the Houfe of 

Lords, on the fofnicr Affair, was in order to bring 

Men to Divine Service ; which wa? agieed to on the 

' 36th, and fcnt down to the Commons, Here it 

laidalongTime, forit Was not 'ti!J the6thof ^fri7 

that we heat of it again j when we find it tacked 

« to another Bill by the Commons, called. An A£i 

for the Urtifbrmily nf Service dnd Adminl/irauoH 

of Sacramints ihreughout the Realm: Which waa 

A new Common to authorize a new Common Praver- Boot, according 

F^jtr Book.u.,o fomc Rules agreed on lalt Year. This tho 

lj,„^''''''*"Common3 joined to the former, and fo put both in 

one AGt : By this it was firft fet forth *, ' That 

* an Order of Divine Service being publi&ed, many 

* did wilfully abftain from it, and refufed to conte 

* to their Parifh Churches ; therefore ail are requi- 

* red, after the Feaft of Ali-Hallows next, to come 

* every Sunday and Holiday to common Prayers, 

* under the Pain of the Church's Cenfuie. And the 

* King, the Lords Temporal, and the Commons, 

* did, in God's Name, require all Atchbilbops, Bi- 

* (hops, and their Ordinaries, to endeavour the 
*due Execution of that Ai£t, as they would anfwer ■ 

* before God for fuch Evils and Plagues, with 

* whjch he might juftly punifh them, for neglefling 

* this good and wholfome Law ; and they were 

* fully authorized to execute the Cenfiircs of the 

* Church on all that fhould offcnd againft this Afl.' 
To which is added, ' That there had been divers 

* Doubts about the IVlanner of the Minif^ration of 

* the Service, rather by the Curiofiiy of the Miniflers 

* and Millalcers, than of any other Caufe ; and that 

* for the better Explanation of it, and for the great- 

* er Pcife6tion of the Service, in ibme Places where 

* it 

» Burnil'i Sffirwtihn, Vol. If. p. 189. 


«f E N G L A N D. jjj 

* it was fit to make thcPrayet and Falhion of Service K. E'htii'd Ti. 

* more quick and earnett, to ftlr up Chridian People 

* to the true honouring of Almighty God ; therc- 

* fore it had been, byCommand of the King and Par- 

* liament, perured> explained, and made more per- 
' fe£l,' There was alfo annexed to it the Form of 
making Billtops, Priefts, and Deacons ; and fo thia 
tiew Book of Service was appointed to be every 
where received, after the Feaft of All-Sainis next, 
under the fame Penalties thathad been enailed three 
Years before, when the former Book was put out, 

Bifliop Burnet obferves that, on the Appearance 
oFlhis Aa, the Papifts faid, That the Reformation 
was like to change as oft as the Fafhion did, fince 
they feemed never to be at a Point in any Thing j 
but new Models were thus continually framing. 
To which was anfwered, That it was no Wonder 
that the Corruptions which they had been introdu- 
cing for above a thoufand Years, were all to be 
thrown out at once ; but now the Bufmefs was 
brought to a fuller Perfei5iion, and they were not 
like to fee any more material Changes : And indeed 
this was true, 6ur prefent Book of Commm-Prayer, 
with the Adi of Uniformity at the Head of it, being 
pretty near the fame with what was publifiied at 
that Time. 

March 3. A Bill was brought into the Moufe of Aft for Ob- 
Lords, for the Obfervation of Holidays ahd Falling ^"^^™ 
Days. It was fent down to the Commons on the. 
15th, by whom it was palTed, and it after had the 
Royal AITent. In the Preamble to this Bill it was 
f« forth, 

' That Men are not at all Times fo fet on the 

* Performance of religious Duties as they ought to 

* be i which made it neceflary that there ftiould be 
' fet Times in which Labour was to ccafe, that 

* Men might, on thefe Days, wholly ferve God. 

* Which Days were not to be accounted holy of 

* their own Nature, but were fo called becaufc of 

* the holy Duties then to be fet about ; fo that the 
' Sandificationof them was not any magical Virtue 


256 ^^ Partiamoitary Historv 

K..£JnMrJVJ,' in that Time, but confllled iii the dedicating 

* them to God's Service. That no Day was dedr- 

* caied to any Saint, but only to God in Remem- 

* brance ot Tuch Saints : That the Scripture had 
» not detcrntlned the Number ot Holidays, but 

* that thefe were left to the Liberty of the Church. 

* Therefore it was enabled. That all Sundays, 

* with the Days marked in the Kalendar and Li- 

* turgy,. lhou}d be kept as Holidays ; and the Bi> 

* (hops were lo proceed by the Cenfutes of the 

* Church againft the Difobedient.' A Provifo was 
added for the Obfervatioii of St. Geerge's Feaft by 
the Knights of the Garter ; and another, that La- 
bourers and Fifhetmen might, ifNeed fo required, 
work on ihofe Days, either in or out of Harveft. 
The Eves before Holidays were to be kept as Fafls j 
and in Lent, and on Fridays and Saturdays, Abfli- 
ncnce from Flefh -was ena<5ted : But if a Holiday 
was to fall on a Monday, the Eve for it was to be 
kept on Saturday, fince Sunday was never to be a 
Faft. But as Bilhop Surn«t again obferves, in this 
and allfuchAi5b, the People were ready enough to 
lay hold on any Relaxation made by it, but did 
very Jlightly obferve the flitter Parts : So that the 
Liberty left to Tradcfmen, to work in Cafes of 
Neceflity, was carried farther than it was intend- 
ed, to a too public Profanation of the Time (q 
fandtiiied ; and the other Part, dire^lingthe People 
to a confcientious Obfetvance of fuch Times, was 
little minded. 

A Bill in Favour March 9, The BiQiops brought in a Bill for the 
of the Clergy, Security of the Clergy from fomc ambiguous Words 
thiown out by jj^^, ^^^^ j^ ,jjg gubmiflion which the Convocation 
tiictwnmon.. ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ j^^^ ^.^^^ -^ ^^^ 2ift Year of his 
Reign ; by which they were under a Pr4eniunire, 
if they did any Thing in their Courts contrary to 
the King's Prerogative, which was thought hard, 
fince fome through Ignorance might tranfgrefs. 
Therefore it was riefired that no Prelate fliould be 
brought under a Praemunire, unlefs they had pro- 
ceeded in any Thing afccr they were prohibited 

■ i>» Google 

(f ENGLAND* 25^- 

ty the King's Writ. To this Bill the Lords con- K. iAwri VI. 
fented, but it was thrown out by jhe Commons. 

Another Bill was brought in for the Marriage of Another, for the 
the Clergy. This was introduced to the Houfe of |^^"™*e= "'' ^ 
Lords on the 6th of February, and pafled on the "^^' 
icJth i the Earls oi Shrtivjhury, Derby, Rut/ami^ 
and Bath, with the Lords Jbergavemy, Staurtany 
Monteagle, Sandys, fVindfor, and fp'hartaa, proteft- 
ing againft it. This Bill palTed into a Statute; 
and by It was fet forth, 

' That many fook Occafion, from the Words in 

* the AH formerly made about this Matter, to fay, 

* That it was only permitted, as Ufury and other 

* unlawful Things were, for the avoiding greater 

* Evils ; who thereupon fpoke UanderouHy of fuch 

* Marriages, and accounlied the Children, begotten 

* of them, to be Baltards, to the high Difhonour 

* of the King and Parliament, and the learned 

* Clergy of the Realm, who had determined, that 

* the Laws againllPrieils'Marriages were mofl un- 

* lawful by the Law of God; to which they had not 

* only given their AfTenC, in Convocation, but figned 

* it with their own Hands. , Thefe Slanders did alfo 

* occafion that the Word of God was not heard 

* with due Reverence ; whereupon it was enafted, 
'That fuch Marriages, made according to the 

* Rules prefcribed in the Book of Service, fhould 

* be eftecmed good and valid ; and that the Chil* 

* dren begot in them fliould be inheritable accord- 

* ing to Law •.' 

By another Aift, the Bifliopric of Wejimlnpery 
ereiSed after the Suppreflion of the Abbey there, was 
quite diffolved, and annexed to the See oi Loadan ; 
but the Collegiate Church, with its exempted Jurif- 
didtion, was ftili continued. One more religious 
fiillpalTed bothHoufes againflSimoniacalPrafticea, 
the Refervation ofPenfion out of Benefices, and 
the granting Advowfons while the Incumbent was 
yet alive. It was agreed to by the Lords, the Earla 
of Rutland, Derby, and Supx, the Vifcount Here- 

VoL.III. R fardy 

* Buriui,Y. 191. Sitliit:ial larj, Ann»5 & 6 iJw.rd VI, 

p:hy Google 

258 7^ Parliamentary History 

K. Edward VI- ftrdy the Lords Manleagle, Sandys, ff^arton, anrf. 
Evert, dilTenting ; but for what Re^n the King 
did not give his AJlent to iti ia uncertain. 

A private Bill, tho' it did not affe£t the whole 
Church, yet a very confiderable Member' wai ,de- 
figned to be much hurt by it, came on before the 
AProjeflforat-Hoiife of Lords. The Title was, jf Bill /tr tb^ 
privifig Tunjiiii, Deprivat'rBti 0/ the Bijhop af Duiham, far cet^ain 
ffiflwpofs.r. heinstttOfrncis by him committed. It was brought 
y.m.m£^,m. jj^ ^^ jjj^ 28th of March, and pafed on the 31ft j 
Cranmer, Archbifhop of Canterhary, and the Lord 
Siourtan, only diflenting;. ThisBiQiop of Durham 
was Cuthbert Tutijiat, a Man very famous for Learn- 
ing and Morality ; and in Religion as fteady to the 
Catholic as he duift. For though he had, as Bi- 
~ ihoip Burnet obferves, always protefled againft the 
Changes in Religion in Parliament, yet he thought 
he might, with a good Confciencc, obey them 
when palTed into Laws, though he did not himfelf 
' confent to them. This Biavr was aimed at him 
by the Duke of NurlhumberlaHd, the Prime Mini- 
ftcr after Somer/et'a £>eath, and who wanted the 
Dignity, Jurifdidtion, and Principality of the Coun- 
ty Palatine of Durham to be conferred upon him- 
ielf: But he mtfled htsAim; for when the Bill 
was brought before the Commons, they required 
that the Accufcrs and the Accufcd might be heard 
Face to Face ; whJdi not being allowed, they 
dropped the KU ^. 

The Civil Affairs which were tranfafled this Sef- 
Jion arc not fo numerous as the former. The firfl 
We meet with bears this Title, jfn Jff for the Pu- 
niJhmetU cf divert Kinds sfTreafim. The Bill was 
brought into the Hode of Lords on the i6th of 
FAruory, and pafled on the 20th ; the Lord tVtni- 

b One Aft moR palTed this Scflion, which wii tailed A^ AS 

r'nft fighting itCbiTcbn, tgdCburch-Yardl. By whith Slilule 
QditkI was to be puniOied by Surpenrion ; to Arilti, by Eiuun- 
nunicition ( ind lo draw any Weapon, by the Lofi of EaiE. 
See the ynretl; alfo SlaMti ai Urge, Anno j fc 6 £im. VI, 

.■i>; Google 

c/ E N G L A N 0. 259 

ivarih only diflenting V But, when it was fent downK.fAiFirrfVi. ■ 
to the Commoni, it occafloned a long Debate, and 
many fiiarp Things were faid of-cliofc who now 
bore the Sway. Itwasutged that, at the Beginning 
of this Reign, the Miniftry then put in a Bill for 
lefTening the Number of fuch Olfences } but now 
(hey faw, by the Change of Councils, more -fevere 
Laws were propofed. At laft the Commons re- 
jected the Bill, but drew tip a new one, which paflcd 
into a Law. By it was enadled, 

' That if any fhould call the King, or any of Aft relmins to 

* his Heirs named in the Statute of the 35th of the "'s'''*^'*'^'"'* 
' Jaft Reign, Heretic, Scbifmatic, Tyrant, Infidel, 

* or U/urper of the Crown, for the firft Offence 

* they Ihould forfeit their Goods and Chattels, and 

* be imprifoned during Pleafure; far the fecond, 

* Ihoutd be in ^ Pramunire ; and, for the third, 

* {hould be attainted of TreafoH : But if any fhould 

* unadvifedly fet it out in Writing, Printing, Paint- 

* ing. Carving, or Graving, he was, for the firft Of- 

* fence, to be held as a Traitor. Likewife that 
^ thofe whofliould keep any of the King's Caftlcs, 

* Artillery, or Ships, fix Days aft?r they were law- 
^ fully required to give them up, Ihould be guilty of 

* Treafon. That Men might be proceeded againft 

* for Treafons committed but of the Kingdom as 

* well as in it. They alio added a Provifo, That 
< none {hould be attainted of Treafon on this Ai^, 
' unlefs two WitlielTes fhould come, and to their 
' Face aver the FaS for which they were to be tri- 
' cd ; except fiich as, wichout any Violence, Ihould 
*■ confefs it-, and that none Qiould be quefiioned for 

* any Thing faid or written, but within three 

* Months after it was done.' 

Aiarch 5. A Bill was rjead in the Houfe of Lords, 
for the firft Time, for Taxes and Afleffments for 
Relief of poor and impotent Pcrfons, and commit- And ibr Rctitf 
tpd. The Bill bears this Title in the Lords' Jour-oi tb= Poor. 
iialt and It paftcd the Houfe in that Form : But 
this gave Occafion to fome Members in the other 
Houie, when the Sill came before them, to take 
R 2 Npticc 


26o The Farliamentary, HisToKir 

K. Eiwari VJ.Noticc that it was defigned to by a Tax on the Sut/- 
}cSc; which was a Jcaloufy not eafy to get over in 
ihofc Days : So that when the AA pafled it had 
only this Title, An Aa for thi Prwlfian and Relief 
tf the Pair; by which the Church-Wardens were 
impowcrcd to gather charitable Contnbuiions for 
the Poor ; and if any did refufe to comtibute, oc 
did difTuade others from it, the BiOiop of the Dio- 
cefc was to proceed againft them. 
Anoiber,' nU- AnotherBili was brought in againA Ufury, which 
tiflj to UliiijF. paffed both Ho()fes, and was made a Statute. By 
it an h&. palled in the 37th Vear of the late King, 

* That none might talte above 20 ptr Cent, on 
' Money lent, was repealed ; which they faid was 

* not intended for the allowing of Ufury, but for 

* preventing of farther Inconveniences : And (ince 

* Ufury was by the Word of God forbidden, and 

* fet out in divers Places r4 Scripture as a moll 

* odious and deteflablc Vice, which yet many con- 

* tinue to praSife for the lilthy Gain they make by 

* it ; theretctre, from the ill of May^ all Ufury or 
■ Gain from Money lent was to ceafe 5 and who- 

* foever continued to praftife to the contrary, was 

* to forfeit both Principal and Interell, tofufferlm- 

* prifanmenC, and to be fined at the King's Plea- 

* fure.' This fevere ASt has been fmcc repealed; 
and feveral Regulations have been made at divers 
Times for fettling this Affair of Ufury. Bifhop 
Burnet has left us a learned Diflertation on the 
LawfulncfsorUnlawfulnefsof Ufury, both accord- 
ing to Levil'ual and Chrijiian Pra£bice; and he 
concludes, that it was impolTible that this Law 
could be obferved in England, or any other trading 
Part of the World '. 

An Adl was made this SelHon for the encoura- 
ging of the Woollen Manufa£tury,direaing the true 
making of Broad Cloths; with feveral more of 
lefs Significancy; amongll which one muft not be 
omitted, bccaufe the pafling of this, with fome 
other Incidents which happened in the Houfe of 
Commons, determined the Fate of this Parliament. 
• Baten't Hr/iragn'ui, Vol. II. p. iji, igj. 


{^ENGLAND. 261 

Apri/ 12. The yettrnal informs us a Bill waa^-EitaarJVt, 
read in the Houfe of Peers a third Time, for the 
Limiiation of the late Duke of Someffet's Lands; 
and alfo one other Bill confirming the Attainder of 
the Caid Duke, Sir Thamas ArundtU, Sir Michael 
Stanhope, Sir Ralph Fane, and Sir MUet Partridgei 
which being three Times read, and agreed unto by 
the Lords, were fent down to the Lower Houfe by 
Serjeant BroBi and the King's Sollicitor, with Re- 
quefl that it might he annexed to the aforcfaid A.&. 
againft the Duke. 

The Duke of Samerfet had again "fallen into a The Duke of S#. 
Trap which his Enemies had laid j but he did not""?hlhL'^"* 
efcape fb well in this, for it proved fatal to him. 
He was tried by his Peers on an Indidment of High 
Trealbn and Felony; acquitted of the tirft, but 
found guilty of the Felony, for which he was be- 
headed on Tawer-Hill. The Statute on which 
this Nobleman was condemned is mentioned' be- 
fore " J but the main Reafon which made him a 
Prey to the Earl of iVarvjick and the reft of his 
implacable Enemies, was the Lofs of his Brother, 
his own Strength and Capacity not being fuiEcient 
to ftem the Violence of the Stream which then run 
againll him. 

The Warrant for the Duke's Execution is in the 
Colleaion of Public ASis % attefted by the King 
himfelf; fo that this moft merciful Prijice, whom 
all our Hiftorians celebrate for his ReluAancy in 
figning a Warrant for the Execution of JOin But- 
chtr, the Heretic, faying, ff^ould ta Oad I had never 
learn'd to write, made no Scruple, as far as we can 
learn, to fet his Hand to thofe which gave Death , 

to two of his own Uncles. Bui to teturn to the 


Bifhop Burnil writes. That the Duke of Somer- Obfcrvaiion* 
yi/'s Eftaie had been entailed, by Aftof f'arliamcnt,^^"""- 
on his Son, in the 23d Year of the late Reign I'and ' 

that the Bill for the Repeal of the faid Adt was fent 
down to the Commons on the 23d of March, and 

b Id the id and 4th o( EJviarJ VI. p. 148, 

p- by Google 

26a The Parliamentary Histqrv 

K..EdvrarJ VI, figned with the King's own Hand. Whether, i66\ 
this Aurhor, the King was fo alienated from hi^ 
Uncle, that this extraordinary Thing was done by 
him for the utter Ruin of his Family, or not, he 
cannot determine ; but he rather thinks it was done 
in Hatred to the Duchefs of Somtrfel and her If- 
Jiie ''. However, this Bill of Repeal was much 
oppofed in the Houfc of Commons, though fent tq 
them in fo unufual a Way by the King himfelf. 
And tho' there was, on the 8th of March, a Meffage 
fent from the Lords, that they Ihould jnake Mafte 
towards an End of the Parliament, yet fliil thqy 
ITuck long upon it, looking upon the breaking of 
Entails, made by Aa of Parliament, as a Thing of 
fuch Confequence, that itdiflblved the greateft Se- 
curity which the Law of England can give to Pro- 
perty. It was long argued in the Commons, and 
was fifteen Days brought in. At laft a new Bill 
■was devifed, and that was much altered too ; and 
it was not quite ended till tlie Day before the Par- 
liament was diflolved: But, near the End of the 
SeHion, a Provifo was fent by the Lords to be adi^ed 
to the Uill, confirming the Attainder of tlie Duke 
and his Acconiplires. It feems his Entmies would ■ 
not try this at fitft, 'till they had, by other Means, 
nicafured their Streirgth in that Houfej but they 
miftook their MeafurLs, for the Commons would 
I not agree to it, tho' in Conclufion the Bill of Re- 

peal was agreed to. But whereas there had been 
fomcWriiings for a Marriage between the Eail of 
Oxfard't Daughter and the Duke ofSemtrfrl's Son, 
and a Bill was put in for caflating them, it was car- 
ried in the Negative, on a Divifion of the Houfe, 
• 69 againft 68. Tht Prelate here remarks. That 
137 Members was a very thin Houfe at that Time; 
but this, he adds, was a natural Effefl of a long 
Parliament ; many of thofc who were firft chofen 
being infirm, and others not willing to put ihem- 

■i Her Name wit Am^e, Daughter of SLr £Jwtrd Siantuft of 
Shrlfird, a Woman of a molt vi.ultin T»mp<;t, accordins tn ^ 
Jibn tlsy7„„d and Dr. tlryhs, ami one v,ho had piidiei ih( Duke 
to fiich Anions as begun v.-iih the Drnniflion of hii Bioiher, ud 
ended wi:h hitafclf. DuiMe\ Earhdgc, Vol. 11. p. 3S1. ' 

p-hy Google 

e^ E N G L A N D. afij 

fclves to the Charge of lb conftant and long At-K. KJasrd\U 

•We have chofe to copy Bifhop Burnet in his 
Account of thefe Particulars ; but cither be or the- 
fournal of the Houle of Lords muft err in fomc of 
them. It appears evidently by that Authority) that 
there was no Mention made of cither of thefe Bills 
^ainft the Dulce, till the nth of April^ when the 
Limitation-Bill was fent up from the Lower Houfii: 
It was read a firft and fecond Time that Day, and a 
Provifo added tail; and the Day following it pafled 
the Lords, and had there the Bill of AttainJer t3ck.'d 
to it, in the Manner as' hath been recited : So that 
where the Prelate got his Intelligence of the Bill paf- 
fing on the 3d of March, and fent down figned by 
the King, as alio the McfTage on the Sth iiideaij 
we know not, 

The Bill of Attainder not paffing in the Lower 
Houfe againfl the Diike of Semtrfet, the Provifo in 
the Treafon-Ai^ mentioned before, and that Houfe 
reefing to pafs the Bill againft the Bifhop of Dur- 
ham, unlefs he was confronted by WitnciTes before 
them, fbewed plainly what Senfe the Commons had 
of this Duke's Condemnation. It alfo gave the 
Duke of NorihumberUind a perfect Knowledge how The King grait- 
little Kindnefs they had for him; for this Parlia-Iy in D'bt. 
ment being called by Samtrftt, his Friends had 
been generally chofe to be in it; and it is no Won- 
der if, upon his Fall, they were not over complai- - 
fant to thofe who had deftroyed him. In fhort, the 
Minifter made no Motion for a Supply this Seffion, 
though the King's Debts were then very great *^ 
and to gain one he found it neceflaty to call a new 
Parliament: Accordingly, on the 15th of ■^/""''.J^^'""^' 
the old one was diflblved, after fitting almoft five™^ ' 
Years ; and the Minifter made it his Bufinefi all 
that Summer to gain Friends all over England, in 
ordel* to have another Parliament the next Year 
more fit for his Purpofe. 


« Mf. Stejfi hit pteferwa a ScheJoIe of thefe CrownDebtt, 
whidi we heefubjoin: * The King h»rt taken up git*! Sumifrom 
S^nhVMdl'eifuiobrj'ooil thcSei), uidwaiindcbted to them, this 


. 264 ^e Parliamentary History 

K-EAaarJVl, We {ball conclude our Account of tbc Proceed- 
ings of this Parliament with an Abllraft out of 
King Edward's Jaurnal, written by hiiiifelf. 

' Ajiril 15. The Parliament broke up, and be- 

* caufe I was tick, and not able well to go abroad 

* as then, I figned a Bill, containing the Names of 
' the Adts' which I wouIJ have to pafa ; which Bill 

* was read in the Houfe. Alfo \ gave Commiflion 

* to the Lord-Chancellor, two Arcbbifhops, two 

* Bifliops, two Dukes, two Earls, and two Ba- 

* rons, to dilTolve wholly this Parliament.' The 
King was then ill of the Meafles and Small-Pox. 
It is fomewhat ftrange that this CommilHon is not 
taken Notice of in the Lards' Jaurnal, which con- 
cludes in thefe Words, Dominus Cancillariits, tx 
Mandate Regis, prefem Pariiamintum dijfdvit. 

A new Piilia- Towards the Conclufion of the Year (552 the 

IDent called. King Called a new Parliament; and, as hath been 

hinted before, great Care was taken by the Court 

to have it anfwer their Expeftatlons. The fame 

Ecclefiaftical Hiilorian ' tells us. That the King, 

YMr, theSumof iji,37-/, loi Of this Sum 

1000/. was for 

a Diamond. Stfiia Debts withio the Realm. io3 

807/- 4'- ""^ 

The Toti.1 Sum innounted (0141,179/. 14.. IQ 

d. The PMli- 

ralart of the Debts «,ithin the Realm were >s follow ■. _ 


18™ a 

To iheChambie ■ 

ToiheWa,<l,obe — 

607S 18 

To the Stable 



To ihe Surveyor of the Works 

To Ca%i — ~~ 



To Sillty and iiUc-n ■ . — ■ 

Tihdnd . 

1311S 6 % 

To Winlir, for hu to Irrhri ■ 

471 4 6 

To BarihilmrB,, CcmfagH- Hhe King'! Mertbint} 

To F,rufmt,«b »nd ch'^llle of mgbt 




70 ibe Lieutenant of the Tnair 1 — 

997 7 io 

Sliyft't El 
f lid. p. 

10S807 4 II) 
EttU/. Mtmmah, Vol. II. p. 311. 

■ i>, Google 

»/• E N G L A N D. 265 

as his Years came on, began to fet himfdf about**. £'*wani VI. 
Bufmefs; and, as he inteniled to have this Parlia* . 
iDcnt compofed of Men endowed with good and 
great Abilities, to confult with him on the prefllng 
AiFairs and Difficulties of his Kincrdom, he caufed 
Letters to be wrote to every Sheriif in the Realm*. 
<IJrei£ling them whom to chufe for that Purpofe. It 
is very probable that the Diike-Minifler put this 
fpecious Glofs upon it, in order to impofc upon the 
> King's natural Goodnefs j but this Way of pro- 
ceeding, by influencing Ek^ions, is by no Means 
juftifiable by the antient Cuftom and Ufage of the 
Keatm: The Letter itfelf, which the aforefaid 
Author hath given us, is a fufficient Teflimony o£ 
this, and is too material to be omitted in thcfc In- 
quiries; It is as follows ; 

Trudy and Well-beloved, we greet you well, 
T^Orafmuch as we havt,for divirfegead CenJitierar'The King'i Let- 
■* tianif caujtd a Summonithn for a Parliament ta '" " '^' ^' 
he made, oi we doubt not but ye underjtand t lie fiift iuch tube Pi'iyj 
by eur IVrlts ftnt in that Behalf unto ysu, we have Council Jliould 
, Iheught it mm, for the Furtherance offuch Cnufes at t=«i°'ne'"l' 
are to be propounded to the faid Parliament for the 
Csmmanweal of our Realm, that, tn the EU£lion of 
Juch Perfoni as Jhall be feat to the Par/iament, either 
from our Counties as Knights thereof, or from our 
Cities and Boreugbs, there he good Regard had that 
theChoicebemadeof Men of Gravity and Knowledge 
in their own Countries and Towns, fit, for their Un- 
dtrflandings and Qualities, to be of juch a great 
Council : jfnd therefore, fince fame Part of the Pro- 
ceeding herein fhall refi in you, by Virtue of your Of- ' 
fee, we do, for the great Defire we have that this our 
Parliament may be ajfembled with Perfonages out of 
every Country, of Wifdom and Experience, at this 
Prefent, will and command you that ye Jhall give No - 
tice, as well to the Freeholders of your County as to the 
Citizens and Burgejfes of any City qr Borough which 
Jhqlt have any ef our Writs by our Direifion for the 
Eleilion of Citizens and Bargeffes, that ourPleafure 
g^d Commandment is, that the^ Jhall chufe and ap- 

p-hy Google 

j66 Tlje Parliamenfary HisTORy 

|C. $iwri Vl-pt'tHt (at nigh as they pacify may) Mtn efKiiOTvUdgt 
and Sxptriinet, within the Caunttes, Cities^ a^dBt' 
roughs J fa as, by the Affimhty ef fucby we may, iy 
Gtat Gsadmeff, prtvide (tbtrougb the jfJvice and 
Kmwiedgt if the faid Parliament ) far the Rtdrefi 
vf the Lacks in eur Commenweai, mere effeiiuaily 
than ber ettf are hath been : And yet , ntvertheUfs, lur 
Pleefure is, that where lur Privy Council, er am of 
them within their Jvrifdiaiens, in 9ur Behalf, fliall 
recommend Men of Learning and Wifdom, in 
fiish Cafe their DireAions be regarded andfellewedy 
as tending la the fame which we defire ; that is, ta 
have this jfffembly le be af the mofl chiefeft Men in 
cur Realm far Advue and Caunfel. 

Artcr thit followed feveral Letters from (be King 
himfelf, recommending particular Perfons to (he 
High SherifTs to be eleaed Knight^i ; as one to the 
Sheriff of Hampfi^re, for the elefling Sir Richard 
Cetten for that County ; the like Letter to the She- 
rifF of Sufali, fqt the elefling of Sir IVilliam Drurj 
and Sir Henry Benningfield ; to Bedfardfbire, for 
Sir fahn St. Jabn, Knt. and Lewis Dyve, Efq; (o 
Surrey, for Sir Thomas Cavarden, Knt, and John 
Vaughan, Efq; to Cambridgejhire, for Sir Bdwari 
Narth, and "James Dyve, Efq; to Beris, for Sir Wil- 
liam Fitzwilliams and Sit Henry Nevyl; to the She- 
jiff of Oxon, for Sir John Williams, and Richard 
' Fines, Efq; to Nerthampionjhire, for Sir Niebalai 
Throgmortan, and Robert Lane, Efq; No mote 
were recommended by the King's Letters j but do 
doubt thofe from the Privy Council muA tine in 
great Part of the whole Kingdom. 

The Writs for calling this Parliament, and thefe 

4dm Regni 7. Letters, were fent out in January, and it was or- 
'^^'" dercd to meet the firft oi March following. 

^tlfrfimU/ir. Jabn Stowe s gives us the Ceremonials at the 
Opening in this Manner : * The fiift of March 

* began a Parliament at IVtJlminJler ; and all the 

* Lords Spiritual and Temporal alTembled th»t 

* Pay in the IVhite-Hall, in their Robes, where a 

* Seimw 
t Stc-ait Chrmiile, f. fioo> 


gf E N G L A N D. 267 

5 Sermon was preached in the King's Cbapel hyK.EdtMrdVf, 
i Dr. Ridley, Bifliop of Landen, and his Majefty, 

* with diverfc Lords, received the Communion: 

* Which being done, the King, with the Lords ii^ 
f Order, went into the King's Great Chamber, on 

* the King's Side, which that Day was prepared 

* for the Lords' Houfe, the King fitting under his 

* Cloth of Eftate, and all the I^rds in their De-^ 
f grees ; the Bifhop of Elf, Dr. Gidrickt, Lord- 

* Chancellor, made a Propofition for the King} 

* which being ended the Lords departed. This 

* was done becaufc the King was ficily.' 

But the Reafon why this Parliament fat at JVhitt- 
hall was, bccaufe the King was fo far gone in s 
Confumplion that he was not able to go to tVtftmin- 
fter. Xhe next Day, the fame Author tells u*, 
that James Dyer, or Diar, Efq; was chofen Speaker J*"" Titn, 
ofthc Houfe of Commons*. And now the Z,»r</j' ^J^jf '" 
Jnurnal informs us, that the firft Thing of Note 
that they went upon, was to bring in a Bill for the 
better anfwering the Revenues of the Crown, that 
allTreafwers and other Perfons, having the Receipt 
of any of the King's Money, fhall be yearly account- 
able, and put in Sureties for the fame. This Bill 
occafioned fome Debate; and, on the third Read- 
ing, the Earl of Ptmbroke, the Lords Morliy, Be- 
raugh. Bray, JVentivorth, Rujftl, and Rich, pro- 
teftcd againft it: And when it was fent down to ^ 
the Commons they wholly rejefted itj but fent 
back a new Bill to the fame Purpofe, which palled 
into a Statute. 

Two other Bills alfo, in relation to the State of 
the Coinage, were introduced ; the firft was. That 
■ it (hould be Felony to give for any of the current 
Coin of the Kingdom above what was appointed by 
the King's Proclamation. The other, againft (he 
Exportation of Gold and Silver out of the Realm. 
The 5rft was rejeflcd, but the laft palTed into a 
Law ; which was no more than reviving a Statute 
made the 17th Edward W. for the famePurpofe, 
and was' to continue for twenty Years. 


l" Author of iheRfpotts: ind Chief luftice of theComman- 
P!«!, MfiQ 1 Enaataba. 

■ I,, Google 

268 The Parliammiary History" 

%..Edw>ri VI, Marchi^. A Bill for a Subfidy and two F'ifteenihS 
and .Tenths, by the Tcmjiorality, was Tent up by 
the Houfe of Commons, and pafTed by the Lords 
on ihc 17th ; it was g[anicd,for two Years. 

ASubOdf, This Bill Occafioncd great Deb <iies in tlie Lower 

Houfc, The Preamble to it was a long AccuCaiioii 
of the Duke of Sumtrfct^ ' For involving the King 

* in Wars, wafting his Treafures, engaging him 
' rn much Debt, embafing the Coin, and having 

* given Occafion for a mod teiTible Rebellion, la 
' fine, confidcring the great Debt the King was left 

* in by his Father, the Lofs he put himfelf to in re- 

* forming the Coin, and they finding his Temper 
■ to be fet wholly on the Good of his Subjei5ts,and 
' not on enriching himfelf, therefore they gave 

* him two Tenths and two Fifteenths for two 
« Years ^' 

Whether the Debate in the Hfiufe of Commons 
was upon this extraordinary Demand of 3 Supply, 
<5r on the Preamble, is uncertain : But it is pro- 
: bable that, when the Bill came to be cngroiTed it 

was on the latter ; which the Duke of Norihumber- 
iand and his Party were the more eagerly fet on, 
to let the King fee how acceptable they were, and 
how hateful the Duke of Simerjet had been 10 the 
People. The Clergy alfo, to fliew their Affeclion 
and Duty, fays Burnit, gave the King Six Shillings 
in the Pound, on all iheir Benefices'; which Grant, 
according to Cuftom ever fmcc the Reformation, 
was confirmed by Parliament. 

In Ecclefiafticai Affairs there was a Bill fcnt 
down from the Lords, that none might hold any 
Spiritual Promotion, unlefs he was either Prieft or 
Deacon. The Rcafon of it was, becaufe many 
Noblemen and 'Gentlemen's Sons had Prebends 
given them, on this Pretence, (hat they intended 
to fit themfelves, by Study, for Holy Orders ; but 
thefe they kept, iho' their Studies went no (ariher. 
The Biihops had prevailed upon the Lords to pafs 
the Bill ; but, at the third Reading, it was call out 
by the Commons ; which {hews what poor Inierell 
' 1( See ihe Pn»mh!e »! lirge in Bb/JbTi Sm(. 7 Ei. VI. cSp. ij'f. 


gf E N G L A K D. 269 

the Clergy had then in that Houfe, when fo reafon- K. £j«w vi;. 
able a Bill was rcjefled. 

But the moft extraoidinary A£t, on Church Af- 
fairs, which palTed this Seflion, was that for the 
Suppreffion of the Biftiopric oi Durham; which 
Burnet fays is fo ftrangely mifreprefeiited, by thofc 
who never read more than the Titie of it, that he 
thinks proper to give" a full Account of it. The 
Bill was brought into the Houfe of Lords on lh6 
20th oi March, and paHed both Houfes Toon after. 
The Preamble fets forth, 

* That this Bifhopric being then void of a PrC-TbiBiitnpticof 

* late, theGift thereof was in the King's Plcafure;^'"'*^^''PP"'r 

* and the Compafs of it being fo large as to extend ' 

* itfcif into feveral Shires far diftant, it could not 

* be fufficiently ferved by one Bifhop ; and fince 

* the King, by his [rodly Difpofition, was defitous 

* to have God's'Holy Word preached in thofe 

* Parts, which were wild and barbarous for lack of 

* good Preaching and good Searching : Therefore 
'* he intended to have two Bifhoprics for that 

* Diocefe ; the one at Durham, which l)i<3uld have 
' 1000 Marks yearly Revenue, and another at 
' Ntwca/ilt with 1000 ; and alfo to found a Cathe- 

* dral Church at the latter Place, with a Deanry 

* and Chapter, out of the Revenues of the faid Bi- 

* fliopric : Therefore the Bifhopric of Durham 

* is utterly extinguilhed and did'olved, and AuthO' 
' rity is given for Letters Patent to ercil the two 

* new Biflioprks together with the Deanry and 

* Chapwr at Newcajtle ; with a Provifo that the 

* Rights -of the Deanry, Chapter, and Cathedral of 

* Durham fhould fuffer nothing by this Afl,* 

Bifiiop Burnet has taken fome Pains to prove, 
that the Diflulution of this Bifhopric was not fo 
facrilegious a Thing as fome Writers have repre- 
fented ir. He argues ' That the Lands of that Bi- 
, fliopric lying near the Borders of an Enemy, where 
the Service of tiie Tenants in War niuft fet the 
Rents at very loW Rales, the Referve of 3000 -T 

Marks a Year, and the endowing the Cathedral, 
which codd not be done under icoo more, was 

■i>, Google 

170 ^i>e PdHiamentary HistoRV 

K. Eiimrd VL not fuch a Depredation on the Bilhopric as has beert 
' imagined. However tt did not Calce KfFc^ i for 

iho' Rid/ty, being a Native of that Country^ «ras 
named to be one of the Bilhops, and Northumber- 
land had the Bifhopric given him, which was turned 
into a Principality for that Purpofe, yet the King's 
Sickiiefs and Death foon after made this and all the 
jreft of fuch Defigns prove abortive. But it is plainj 
by what had been defigncd againft Tunjialt (he de- 
prived Bilhop oi Durliam, in the laft Parliament,' 
and now a Prifoner, that this County Palatine wis 
the Bait which drew this Duke of Nartbumbirknd 
to feek the Deftruaion of that Prelate and the Dif- 
folution of the Bifhopric, Whoever knoWs the 
Power and Iniereft which the Percy Family had ill 
thofe Parts, muft alfo underfland that the Acquifi- 
tioR of this rich Bilhopric; with its Jurifdiaionj 
muft render this Duke of Nortbumberland, tho' of 
another Name, little lefs than a Northern King '. 
In the Journals are put down the Titles of ftven- 
teen Ads which pafled this Seffion ; in the prinlciT 
Statutes are only fourteen: The moft re tnarkable ill 
both, which have not been already meniion'd, were^ 

Viaipiflid. An hQ. for the Reftitotion in Blood of Sir Ed- 

' ward Seymoury Knt. * eldeftSon to the late Duke 
of Somtrfet. 

An A<El to avoid the great Prices and Excefs </ 
"Wines : By which it was enafled. That no Perfon 
whatever mould keep in his Houfe above ten Gal' 
Ions of French Wine, for fpending, under Pain of 
forTeiting 10/. Sterling; unlefs he could fpend 
100 Marks yearly in Lands, Tenements) or other 
Profits certain ; or was worth looo Marks of hi) 
own i or elfe was the Son of a Duke, Marquit, 

i This Duke oC Nsribunhrlji^d vat Jsh« Duittj, EitI eiWtf 
niik, created Duke, &c. by this King, and eipefled to have all it« 
-Revenuei of the Pcrrr Family given hiin, the Eacldom t^Natibai- 
itrlatd beiUE then eitinQ by the Auainilci of the laft Eacl. Dtt 
Jiifc'. flflrpMi*, Vol. II. p. i.g. 

He via alfo to be made Ejrl oi Darbam. Slryft'i lUmtritU, 
Vol. n, p. 396. 

■ i.jGoo'^le 

§/• E N G L A N t». 271 

Earl, or Baron. The Dake o( Stijili, the Earls K-EAi-rf VI. 
of /fmadele, WeftmoTt}andt Oxford^ and Rutland^ 
. the Bilhop of St. David's, jnii the Lord Darfy 
of Chicbe, protelled againft this Bill'. 

An A^ for the dillolving, uniting, of annexing 
of certain Courts, particularly the Court of Aug- 
mentations, by the King that is dead. 

Another, That all Patentees of CoIIedorfliips of 
Tenths fhall bs bound for their Colle^iona, 

And an A£t for the-King's mod gracious* ge^ 
ncral* and free Pardon. ' Concerning whidi Burntt 
malces this Remark. * That whereas it goes for a 
Maxim that all Ads of Pardon muft be palled, 
without changing any Thing in them, the Com* 
mons, when they fent up this Adt of Pardon to the 
Ixirds, defired that Tome Words might be amended 
in it. But he adds that it is not clear what was done ; 
for that fame Day this Requeft was made the A£U 
were palled, and the Parliament dilTolved. 

Mr. Strypt hath given us the Names of all the - 
Perfons -excepted out of this A3 of Grace, by 
which we may fee that it did not altogether agree 
with its Title ". 

The main Pointwhich the Duke oi Nartbumbir- 
land carried in this Parliament, was to caufc the 
Nation to make a public Declaration of their Dif- 
iikct6thclateDuIceof5«m/r/rt'sMtniflry} which, 
ai out Author obferves, was the more necelTaiy, 
bccaufe the King had let fall fom^ Words concern- 
ing his Death ; by which he feemed to reflect on it 
with fomc Concern, and looked on it as done by 
Narfhumberlind. But then this A<^ palTed with 
fo much Difficulty, that either the Duke thought 
this Parliament^not well enough difpofed for him, 
or elfe he refolved to vary wholly from the Mcafures 
of Ssmerfif, who continued the fame Parliament a 
long Time { fo, for one or both thefe Caufes, the 
King came to the Houfe, and gave the Lord-Chan- 
cellor Command todiflblve this Parliament; after 
it had fat only one Month, that is from the firil to 
the iaft Day of Manh ". Thus 

1 y.Mrn. Fr«tr. 

* Stryfit Memiriali, Vd. II. p. j<)i, 

■ Being liicii GnJ-FriJuj, 

u,i„f^„, Google 

27+ 5^ Parliamentary HistoR^r 

K,£rf«,wVi. Thus ended the laft Parliament in this Rrigffj 
for Edvjard VI. foon after finlQied both that an4 
hi^fhort Life, djiing of adeepConfuniption.^M^&i 
Anm 1553, in the 16th Year of his Age, and tbc 
fevenih q\ his Reign. 

Mr. Strypi frequently takes OccaiiOn to ani- 
' , madvert on the Sacrilegious Hunger of the Cour* 
tiers in this Reign, which, he tells U3, was infati- 
able. He hath alfo given us a Catalogue of Public 
Grammar Schools, and other Endowments out of 
the diUblved Chantries. From Whence it may b< 
prefumed, that the Charitable Foundations in this 
Reign were owing tcvthe innate Piety of this moft 
excellent young Prince himfelf ; and that the Ha- 
vock made among the Ecclefiaflical Revenues du- 
ring his Mlnotiiy, ought much rather to be attribu- 
ted to his £vi] Counfellors than to any habitual In- 
clination of his own. 

It will not, we hope, be judged improper, at the 
Conclufion of this Reign, to give an Account of a 
Tranfaflion, which happened very near the Begin- 
ning of it i fince, to have mentioned it (hen, would 
, have broke too much the Thread of our Hiltory. 
The Matter is about the Right which tht inferior 
Clergy have, by their Reprefenlatives, to Jit and 
veti in aij ^ueftlans in the Heufi afCemmnm. The 
Reafons for ii are learnedly drawn up by Bilhop 
Burntt and Mr. Coltitr; we fhall therefore give 
them in their own Words at full ; obferving that 
their Arguments turn on many Proceedings which 
have fallen in the Courfe of this Parliament4ry 
Hi/hry. ■ And firft the Prelate. 

' While the Parliament was fitting, [the 
firft Scflion of the firft Parliament in this Reign] 
they were not idle in the Convocation ; though 
the Popifh Party was yet fo prevalent in both 
Houfes, that Cranmer had no Hopes of doing 
any Thing, till they were freed of the Trouble 
which (bme of the great BiOiops gave them. The 
moft important Thing they did, was the carrying up 
four Petiiions to the Biftiqps, which will be found 
in the CalUilitn, N", 16. 1. That according to the 
Statute made in the Reign of the late King there 

p hyGoogle 

of E N G L A N d. iji 

fnight be Perfons impowercd for reforming the*'-*'^™^''^'' 

^ccleGaftical Laws. 2. That, according to the 

antient Cuftom of the Nation, and the Tenor of 

the Bilhops' Writ to the Parliament, the inferior 

Clergy might be admitted again to fit in the Houfe 

of Commons, or that no A(3s concerning Matters 

of Religion might pafs without the Sight and AlTcnC 

of the Clergy. 3, That fince divers Prelates and 

other dvines "had been, in the late King's Time, 

appointed to alter the Service of the Church, and 

had made fome Progrefs in it, that this might be 

brought to its full PerfetEiion. 4. That fome Con- 

Jideration might be had for the Maintenance of the 

Clergy the firft Year they came into their Livings, 

in which they we're chareed with the Fiift Fruits ; 

to which they added a Defire to know whether ' 

they might fafely fpeak their Minds about Religion, 

without the Danger of any Law. For the iirft of 

thefc fpur Petitions, an Account of it thall be given 

hereafter: As to the fecond, it was a Thing of 

great Confequence, and defervcs to be farther con- 

hdered in this Place., ; 

* Antiently all the Freemen of England, or atBifliop JHriKi'i 
lead thofe that held of the Crown in Chief, cameR'V'"^'''.'' '.^' 
to Parliament; and then the inferior Clergy hadf^^^cierev.'w 
Writs as well as the fupetior, and the firft of the hi™ Reprrfen- 
Three Eftates of the Kingdom were the Bifhops/'^™ '" Jl" , 
the other Prelates, and (he inferior Clergy : ButlJ";^ "' *^'""' 
when the Parliament was divided into two Houfes, 
then the Clergy made likewife a Body of their own, 
and fat in Con vocation, which was theThirdEftate: 
But the Bifhops having a double Capacity, the one 
of Eccleliallical Prelature, the other of.bc"ing the 
King's Barons, they had a Right to fit with the- 
Lords as a Part of their Eftate, as well as in the 
Convocation. And t ho', by Parity of Reafon, it 
might feem that the reft of the Clergy, being Free- 
holders as well as Clerks, had an equal Right to 
chufe, or be chofen, into the Houfe of Commons, 
yet whether ihey were ever in PofTellion of It, of 
whether, according to theClaufe Premfln^n(« in the 
Eilbops' Writ, they were ever a Part of t"he Houfe 

Vot. in. S flf 

p- by Google 

276 Tbe Parliamentary History 

K, BdiMfJ Vl.ot Commons, is a juft Doubt. For befides this 
Aflertion in the Petition that was mentionetl, and 
s more large one in the fecond Petition, which they 
prefeiited tu the Tame Putpofe, which is llkewife in 
the CelUifion^ N'. 17, I have never met with any 
good Reafon to fatisfy me in it. There was a ge- 
neral Tradition in Queen Elizabeth's Reign, that 
the inferior Clergy departed from their Right of be- 
ing in the Houfe of Commons, when they were all 
brought into the Pramunire by Cardinal Walfij'B 
Legantinc Power, and made theit^Submiffion to the 

' King. But that is not credible; for as there is no 
Footftep of it, which, in a Time of fo much Wri- 
ting and Printing, mufl have remained, if fo great 

' a Change had been then made ; fo it cannot be 
thought that thofe who made this Addrefs but Te- 
vcnteen Years after that Submifiion (many being 
alive in ihia wtu> were of that Convocation^ Psly- 
dert Vtrgii in particular, a curious Obferver, fince 
he was maintained here to write the Hiftory f>i Eng- 
land) none of them Qiould have remembered aThing 
that was fo frelli, but have appealed to Writs and 
aniient Pra£tices. But tho' this Defign of bring- 
ing the inferior Clergy into the Houfe of Commonf 
did not take at this Time, yet it was again fet on 
Foot in the End of Queen Elizabtth^s Reign, and 
Reafons were offered to perfuade her to fet it for- 
ward ; which not being then fuccefsful, thefe fame 
Reafons were again onered to King Jamei., to in- 
duce him to endeavotir it. The Paper that difco* 
vers this was communicated to me by Dr. Berlacty 
the worthy Author of the Hiflory of the Irijh Re- 
bellion. It is corrected in many Places by the 
Hand of Bilbop Ravi't, then Bifbop of London, a 
Man of great Worth. This, for the Affinity of 
the Matter, and the Curiofity of the Thing, I have 
put into the CslleiHon, N°. 18, with a large Mar- 

final Note, as it was defigned to be tranfcribed for 
ling Jamei : But whether this Matter was ever 
much confidcred, or lightly laid afide as a Thing 
unfit and un practicable, does not appear ; certain 
it Uf that it came to nothing. Upon the whole 


»/• -E N G li A N b. 27JI 

Matter, it is not certain what was the Power oi^- XdwerdVU 
Right of thcfe Prodtors of the Clergy in former 
Times i feme are of Opinion that they were only 
Affiftants to the Bilhops, but had no Voice in either 
Houfe of Parliament °. This Is much confirmed 
by an A£t palTed in the Parliament «f Inland, in 
the 28th Year of the former Reign, which fets 
forth in the Preamble, ' That though the Proc- 

* tors of the Clergy were always fummoned to Par- 

* liament, yet they were no Part of it, nor had 

* they any Right to vote in it ; but were only Af- 

* fiftants in Cafe Matters of Controverfy or I.earn- 

* ing came before them, as the Convocation was 

* in England, wTiich had been determined by the 

* oi England, ifter muchlnquiry made about 

* it. But the Prodtors were then pretending to (o 
^ high an Authority, that nothing could pafs without 

* their Confcnts ; and it was prefumed they were fet 

* cm to it by the Bi(hops, whofe Chaplains they 

* were for the moft Part ; therefore they were, by 
' that A£t, declared to have no Right to vote,' 

* From this fome infer they were no other in 
England, and that ihey were only the Bifhops' Af- 
flftants and Counfel : But as the Claufe Prtmontntei 
in the Writ feems to make them a Part of the Par- 
liament, fo thefe Petitions fuppofe that they fat irl 
the Houfe of Commons antiently ; where it can- 
not be imagined they could fit, if they came only 
to be Afiiftants to the BiOiops, for then they muft 
have fat in the Houfe of Lords rathcr,.as the Judges, 

tTie Mafteri of Chancery, and the King's Counfel ^ 

do. Nor is it reafonable to think they had nd 
Voice ; for then their fitting in Parliament had beert 
fo infignificant a Thing, that it is hot liltely they 
Would have uTed fuch Endeavours to be reftored to 
it, fince their coming to Parliament upon fuch art 
Account muft have been only a Charge to them. 

* There is againft this Opinion an Objection of 
great Force, from the Afls pafled in the 21ft Year 
oi Richard the Second's Reign, In the fecond A&: 
«T that Parliament it is faid, * That it was firft 

S 2 * prayed 

» C(»f's ^Ib hfiilali, J, 4, 

p- by Google 

ayS ^^ Parliamentaty History 

K, tMotriYl-* prayed by the Commons, and that the Lords Spr* 

* ritual, and the ProSoisof the Clergy, did aflent to 

* it ; upon which the King, by the AlTent of all the 

* Lor(]s and Commons, did enaiEt It.' The 1 2[h A^ 
of that Parliament was a Repeat of the whole Parlia* 
neiitthat was held in the iilh Year of that Reign; 
and conccrningit it is exptefTcd^ ' That the Lords 

■ Spiiitual and Temporal, theProflorsof the Cler- 

* gy, and the Commons, being feverally examined^ 

■ did all agree to it.' From hence it appears, that 
thefc Protaors were then not only a Part of the Par- 
liament, but were a diftindl Body of Men that did 
fcverally, from all the reft, deliver their Opinions. 
It may feem ftrange that, if they were then confi- 
dcred as a Part of either Houfe of Parliament, this 
fliould be the only Time In which they fliould be 

. mehtioned as bearing their Share in the Legillative 
Power. In a Matter that is (a perplexed and dark, 
I Ihall pcefumc to ofler a Conje^u re, which will not 
appear perhaps improbable- In the 129th Page of 
iny former Part, I gave the Reafons that made ms 
, think the I^ower Houfe of Convocation conlifted at 
iirffi only of the Prodlors of the Clergy ; fo that by 
the Prodlors of the Clergy, both in the Statute of 
Ireland, and in thofc made by RUhard II. is per- 
haps Id he linderftood the Lower Houfe of Cpn- 
vocatlon : And it is not unreafonable to think that, 
upon fo great an Occafion as the annulling a whole 
Parliament, to make it pafs the better in an Age in 
'tvhich the People paid fo blind a SubmifGon to the 
Clergy, the Concurrence of the whole Rcprefenta- 
tive of (he Church might have been thought necef- 
fary. It Is generally believed that the whole Par- 
liament fat together in one Houfe before Edward 
the Third's Time, and then the inferior Clergy 
■were a Part of that Body without Queftion : But 
^hen the Lords and Commons fat apart, theClergy 
likewife fat in two Houfes, and granted Subfidies 
is well as the Temporality. It may pafs for no 
Unlikely Conje£lurc that the Claufe Premoninttt 
Was firft put in the Bifhops' Writ for the fum- 
illoning of the Lower Houfe of Convocation, con- 


«f E N G L A N D. j!7j 

filling of there Procters ; and afterwards, though^^Awrrfvi. 
there was a fpecial Writ for the Convocation, nt 
this might at firft have been continued in the Bi- 
fliops' Writ by the Neglefl of a. Cleric, and from 
thence be Hiiii ufed. So that it feems to me mofl 
probable, that the ProiSors of the Clergy wcra 
both in England and Ireland the Lower Houfe of 
Convocation. Now, before the Submifllon which 
the Clergy made to King Henry, aa the Convoca- 
tion gave the King great Subfidies, fo the wholo 
Bufinefs of Religion lay within their Sphere ; but 
after the Submiffion they were cut off from med- 
dling with it, except as they were authorized by the 
King : So (hat, having now fo little Power left 
them. It is no Wonder they df fp^ed to be put In tho 
State they had been in before the Convocation was 
feparated from the Parliament ; or at leafl that 
Matters of Religion fljould not be determined till 
they, had been ponfqlted, and had reported thcii 
Opinions and Keafons. The Extreme of raifing 
the EccJefianical Power too high in the Times of 
Popery, had now produced another of deprefling it 
too much ; for feldom is the Counterpoize fo juftly 
balanced, that iCxtremes arercduced to a well-tcm- 
per'd Mediocrity. 

' For the third Petition ; it was refojved, That 
many Bifliops and Divines fhou'd be fent to H^ind- 
for to labour in the Matter of the Church Service, 
But that required io much Confide ration, that they , 
could not entef on it during a SeHion of Parliament. 
And for the fourth, what Anfwcr was given to it 

doth not appear.' So far Bilhop Burnet. 

The Rev, Mr. Collier, after giving us the Na-jnr, cw/;,,, on 
ture of the PetiiIoi(f, in neai^the f^qie Words a9 theruneSubjea, 
the Bifliop, goes on thus : . , 

' That the Lower Houfe of Convocation, in their 
Requeft for fitting with the Commons in Parlia- 
ment, infifted upon nothing more than being re- 
fiored to antient Privilege, appears by the King's 
Writ, direified to every Bilhop: In which Sum- 
mons the Bifliop is firft rcquir'd to appear in Perfon, 
at the Time and Place prefixed foe the Parliament. 
"■S3-, Xhi? 

■ i>, Google 

'{i8o The Parliamentary History 

|^.*AMrrfVI.This Part of the Writ Is the fame in Subftancfl 
with tbofe fent to the Temporal Peers. After this 
follows the Premonitory CI aufe, in which the Bt- 
jQiop is commanded, * To give Notice to ihe { Pri- 

* or, or) Dean and Chapter of bis Cathedral 

* Church, and to the Archdeacons, and all the 

* Clergy of his Diocefe, that the (Prior) Dean, 

* and Archdeacons in their own Perfons, the Chap- 

* ter by one, and the Clergy by two proper Proxies, 

* Aifficiently impowered by the faid Chapter and 

* Clergy, fliould, by all Means, be prefent at the 

* Parliament with him, to do and confent to thofe 

* Things, which, by the BlefEng of God, by their 

* common Advice, (hall happen to be ordained in 

* the Matters afofefaid: And (hat the giving this 

* Notice ftiould by no Means be omitlsd by him ".' 

* If the Biflifflp happen to be beyond Sea, and in 
no Condition to execute the King's Writ, the Sum* 
mons was fent to his Vicar-General ; and by hjin 
the Clergy of the Diocefe had the fame Notice to 
come to Parliament, as if the Bifhop had been at 

* In the Vacancyof a See, the Writ was djrefled 
lo the Dean and Chapter, as Guardians of the Spi- 
ritualities. AtiiJ ihus the Clergy were always af- 
fured of being fummoned to Parliament. 

* The Bilhop having received the King's Writ, 
pommunicatcd it to his Diocefe, by tranfmitting 
Copies to the Prior, or Dean, and Archdeacons: 
To this there was a Mandate annexed, importing, 
» Tha;, by Virtue of his Majefty's Writ, he pre- 

* monilhed them, and by them the Chapter and 

* Clergy, that themfelvcs in Perfon, and their 

* Chapter and Clergy by their Pro£tors, Ihould 

* take Care to be prefent atthe Day and Place 

* mentioned in the King's Writ, for the Ends and 
*; Purpofes required of them.' 

* The Bilhops ufed fometimes to command their 
Clergy to make a Return of what they had done 
upon the Writ and Mandate. This Certificate was 
io be fent to the Bilhpp fome Time before the 
' ■ Scffioa 

• Pr/Kiu'i Ripfier, Part I. p, 7, S. 


e/" E N G L A N D. a8i 

SeiSon of Parliament. The Clergy having promiredK. finari yi. 
Obedience, in their Return, to the Diocefan, tha 
Silliop certified the King what he had done pur- 
Tuant to his Command ; and of this we have an 
Inftance as low as the Reign of King Henry VIII. 

■ The Clergy, thus fummoned toPaHiamcnt by 
the King and Diocefan, met for the Choice of thfcir 
Proxies. For this Purpofc the Dean, or Prior, held 
his Chapter, and the Archdeacon his Synod : The 
Reprefentatives, being chofen in thefe AiTemblles, 
were fent up to the Parliament, with Procuratorial 
Letters from the Chapter and Clergy, to give them 
an Authority to aft in their Names, and on the 
Behalf of their Electors. 

' Thefe Letters were for the moft Part addrelTed 
to the King, though fometimes they be?an with a 
general Application, Ta alt Ptrfins wham it may 
concern ; but ftill the Subtiance of them was to 
make, ordain, and appoint the Perfons who were 
fent by them, * Their Proflors to appear on theic 
■ Behalf in Parliament, there to treat with the Prc- 

• lates and Great Men of the Realm, of theThings 

• to be debated there for the Intereft of the King 

* and Kingdom, and to confent to what fhould be 
- * agreed to on their Behalf; and to engage them- 

* felves to Aand by what their ProAors Ibould do* 

• under the Caution erf Forfeiture (many Times) 

* of all their Goods.' 

» There were ufually two Copies of thefe Pro- 
curatorial Letters delivered to every Proxy ; one 
of thefe was to be kept by this Reprcfentative, and 
the other put into the Hands of the Clerk of Par- 
liament, in order to be inrolled. 

' That the lower Clergy formerly fent their Re- 
prefentatives to Parliament, may be proved by 3 
famous Refolulion in Bird and Smith's Cafe, in the | 

Reign of King James I. Here the Lord-Chancellor 
Bgerlon; Pepham, Chief Juftice ai England; Coke^' 
Chief Juftice of the Common Pleas; 3.nS Flemings 
Chief Baron, befides other Things, refolved, Tha.t 
the Canons of the Church, made by the Convo- 
cation and the Kingi without a Parliament, fhaU 


■ i,,Goo'^le 

j28;2 Ti^ ParUaynentary HisxpRY 

'K. SAwrJ yi. bind, in all Eccleliaftical Matters, no lefs than a^ 
A£t of Parliament. As a Medium to prove this^ 
they affirm the Convocation was once Part of the 
Parliament; and, fincc the lower Clergy were 
parted from the Houfe of Comnions, they carrietl 
their Share of LegiHature along with thecn into the 
Ctmvocation. They founded their Relblution far- 
ther, upon a celebrated Precedent of both Houfes of 
l*arliament. Anno 21 Henry VIII. where, after a 
full Debate in a Conference, it was lefolved, That 
when the Convocation makes Canons concerning 
Matters ^ithin their Jurifdiftion, they are binding 
to the whole Realm. . 

' To proceed : Records of the Procuratorial 
)>tters above-mentioned lun up as high as King 
Edward I. Through how many Reigns afterwards 
the Reprefentatives of the lower Clergy afled with 
the Temporal Commons in Parliament, is not ealy 
to determine. 'T's probabiy conjeiaured that, 
about the Time of King Hinry VI. ibis Ufage be- 
gan to be difconcinued, and tjuitc dropp'J by Dcr 
grees. The CJergy ihemfelves arc thought to have 
contributed towards the parting with this Privilege.. 
It fecms they looked on their Parliamentary At- 
tendance as a Kind of Burden, and therefore were 
not unwilling to be difengaged. 

* But whether they were in the Right, or not, 
is another Qucfiion. 

• Tho' the lower Clergy fecm not to have come 
to Parliament for more than two hundred Years' 
iaft paft, the Kings, notwithftanding, have liilt 
continued to keep on their Right in the Writ of 
Summons, which has been executed by the BiQiops. 
The Premoniiury Clauf? is flill the fame it was 
three hundred Yeais fince, except the Alteration 
of Priors into Deans. There are feveral Records 
to prove that the Bi{hops' Mandates were lent to 
the Dean:, and Archdeacons ; that Pro<3ors were 
chofen, and imrowered to 2.ik for their £Ie£tors, 
to the End of* the Reign of King Htnry VII. 
There are like\vi> Inftances to prove that the 
fame Praflice was kept on, from the Period, Iaft 

' ■ - mentioned^ 

.■i>» Google 

jf E N G L A N D. agj 

mentioned, to the Year 1640. This Premonitory K.£AwriVlL 
jUlaufe being ftiU inlerted in the Bifliops' Writ of ' 
Summons, 'tis concluded they may legally executi; 
it, purfuant to antient Cuftom,' if they thinic fit. 

• To proceed to another Branch of the Petition 
oftheLowerHoufe of Convocation: That is. That 
Matters of Religion may be debated in their tloufej 
that by this Means the Cafe may he fully difcufTed, 
the Controverfy cleared, and the Confcicnces of 
{^eople well fettled. They likewile delire, as hath 
been obferved, that no Statutes, in which Religion^ 
or the Intereft and Jurifdii^Ion of the Cler^, ar? 
nearly concem'd, may be enacted, till the Lower 
Houfe of Convocation have at leafl examined the 
Bill, and reported their Reafons upon it. To prove 
the lower Clergy not ill foundecl in this Rcqueft, I 
ihall infert a Paper in the Records, drawn up by a 
very learned Hand, and lodged in the Paper Office, 
from whence 1 tranfcrib'd it '. The Defign of it is 
to prove, that Matters relating to the Doctrine and 
Government of the Church ought to be determi- 
ned by Ecclefiailics : And here the Reader will find 
the Imperial Conllitutiona, the Parliament- Rolls, 
and other valuable Authorities cited to thijPi^rpofe.' 

Thus ends this learned Dillcrtation ; from which 
'tis difficult to judge, whether that truly Proteltant 
CiOiop; Burnet, or the Nonjuror, CaUierf is the 
ftifler in defending this pretended Right of the in- 
ferior Cleigy, to lit and vote in Parliaments. 

luDnd' Volumcj p. 6 1. 

n CaUiir't JppadiK tf Rectrdi to tiia 


.■i>» Google 

i94 The Parliamentary History 

Queen MART. 

Qgml^. T^ ^ ^ '"* King, Edward^ ^J'ng in a State of 
J_ Non-age, after he had been a long Time in 
B great Inability of Body, was prevailed upon, by the 
Artifices and unbounded Ambition of ^e Duke of 
Narthnmbtrland, to fettle the Crown, by Will, on 
the Lady Jane Gray, eldeft Daughter to Henry 
Gray, Duke of Suffolk, by Frances, Daughter of 
Charles Brdndan and Mary, Sifter to King Hen- 
ry Vin. And, to get the Reins of Government 
nearer his own Hand, the Duke had her married to 
the Lord Guildford Dudley, his fourth Son j the 
three firft being already in that State. 

This wastheboldeftStep that ever was taken by 
9 Subject ; not ocily to (et afide King Henry's 
Will, but alfo a folemn Adl of Patliatncnt, which 
had fettled the Crown, in Failure of IITue by 
King Edward, on the Princefies Mary and Eliza- 
beth, in Succcffion ; the now only remaining Chil- 
dren of King Henry. But grafping at too much 
Power, this ambitious Man loft all ; and, not only 
had his own Head taken off on a Scaffold, but in- 
volved his Son and the unfortunate L^dy yam in 
the fame Ruin. 

It is not in the Scope of this Hiftory to defcant 
>ny more on a Subjeft fo well known to every com- 
anon Reader of our Englijh Annals. Sufficient it is 
to fay, that Mary, after a ihort Struggle againft her, 
was recognized Queen pi England, and crowned as 
fuch, at Wejlminjiir^ on the firft Day of Oilober, 
' J in the Year 1553. 

It is now we enter upon the Tranfa£lions qf a 
Reign, fo varioufly defcribed, fo praifed or cenfuicd 
by Authors of differeniPerfuafions in Religion, that 
jt is difficult to come at Tru'h, undifguifed with 
Flattery or Inveaives. The Pcpifb Writers of the 
Itefoimationj or, as they term it, the Englijh Schifm, 

.:!>» Google 

o/" E N G L A N D. 28j 

ar« but few in Number, in Comparifon of th«r An-Qaem i%f. 
bgonifts J amonglt whom Nicbtlas Sandiri is the 
boldeft Champion for that Caufe. Jebu Fext ap- 
pears at the Head of the Reformers, To ftecr fafe- 
iy between this Scylla and Cbtnyidis, is an arduous 
Tafk ; but, to avoid ail Imputation of PaniaJity, we 
ihall confine ourfelves, as much as poffibic, from 
any Refieftions of our own, unlefs where the Sub- 
jc^-Mattcr requires fuch Explanation. 

As the Ai^s in the Parliaments of this Reign are 
dire<^ly repugnant to thofe paSed in the Ian, and 
great rart of the preceding one, Authors have not 
ftuck to fay that the Members of them were got 
together by nndue Influence on the Ele^ors, falfe 
Returns and illegal difchargingof fome of the Mem- 
bers. Sifbop Bttrnit has laid tlus heavy Charge 
on Queen Mary's Miniftry, frpm the Teftimony of 
one Bealj Clerk of the Clofet in Queen Elixabtth'a 
Time ; and Mr. Rapin, our more modern ProteRant 
Writer, has greatly enlarged upon it. As the Charge 
|s very extrordinary, this laft Author's own Words 
are the fittcll to be made Ufe of on this Occalion ^j 

'ThcCourthadrcfolved to abrogate alUheLawa""/'''''' Chirac-r 
made in Favour of the Reformation, and to reftoreU' ^' ''" *"'" 
. Til- T-1- II PsrliJiaent, 

the antient Keligion. I nis was not to be done 
without the Concurrence of the Parliament. Sut if 
£)lei^ions had been left free, it would have been dif- 
^cult, not to fay impoffible, for the Queen to fuc- 
ceed in her Defign. The Number of the Reformed 
was, without Compatifon, greater than that of the 
Roman Catholics, and confequently the Eleftions 
would not probably be favourable to her. But, be- 
fides the ordinary Ways made Ufe of by Kings to 
have Parliaments at their Devotion, all Sorts of Ar- 
tifices, Frauds, and even Violences, were pradifed 
in [his. As Car? was taken before-faand to change 
(be Magiflrates in theCitJes and Counties, and there 
was not one almoft but was a Roman Catholic, or 
bad promifed to be fo, every Thing tending to thtf 
£le3ion of Catholic Reprefentatives was counte-' 
(lanced. 'On the contrary, thofe who were fufpe^- 
9 ^<>0F »/ £«j/W, Vol, II. p. 31. 

p:hy Google 

5e86 T&e Parliamentary HiSTORV 

^Sf^Marf. ed of an Inclination to chufe Proteflants, were dif^ 
couragcd by Menaces, Adlions, Imprironments, on 
the ilioft frivolous Pretences. In fevcral Places 
Things were carried with fuch Violence, that Pro- 
tellants were not allowed to a£i(l in the Anemblies 
where the Eledtions were to be made. In (hoiT, 
in Places where it was not poUibJe to ufe thefe direct: 
Means, by rcafon of the Superiority of the Reform- 
ed, the Sheriffs, devoted to the Court, made falfe 
Returns ; that is, they fent to Court the Names of 
ibme Pctfons as if lawfully elefled, tho' they had 
but an inconfiderable Number of Votes, or perhaps 
none at all. As the Difputes arifing from fuch 
Elections can only be decided by the Houfe of Com- 
mons, it is eafy to imagine that a Houfe, compo- 
fed of fuch Reprefentatives, failed not to approve alt 
Elcflions favourable to the Court, "and reje^ all 
Others if the leal): contellable. This is one of the 
greateftAbufcsbelonging to Parliaments, and which 
is but too frequent whenever the Kingdom is rent 
into Faiftions. By thefe Methods the Court fccu- 
red a Houfe of Commons ready to comply with 
their Suggellions, and whofe Members had an In- 
tereft in the Change of Religion, or were indif^- 
rent to all religious EAablilhments. 

^ As to the Upper Houfe, which cannot be thus 
modelled to the Liking of the Court, the Qicen 
probably laboured fo fuccefsfully to engage it in her 
IntereHs,' that {he found no Oppofition from the 
Peers. It is very Itrangc that the Lords, who but a 
few Months before were a)! Protellants, and had in 
their whole Body but feven or eight who ufually 
oppofed the Lavrs made in EdioariTi Reign in Fa- 
vour of the Reformation, were become ;i!moft all 
zealous Catholics in Queen Alary'^. I pretend 
not to decide in which Reign they didembled iheir 
SeniimcQCs ; but it is too clear chat in the one or the 
other they were guilty of a bafc and fcandalous Pre- 
varication. Mean while, to make this Houfe Kill 
more complying, the Court took Care beFore-hatid 
to make Changes amongft the Biftiops in Favour of 
t^eir Defigns. Befides both the Archbifhops and the 
' ■ Bifhops 

p:hy Google 

tf/ E N G L A N D. aSj 

^(hops of Gleucejer and Exeter, in aflual Impri- Qst^M>-y. 
Tontnent, Tix others had been changed, as has been 
obfervedi probably all the reft, excepting two, were 

far preferring their Sees to their Religion. The two 
except were Taylor Bifbop of Litce/n, and Harley 
of Hereford, who were even thruft out of the Haufe 
the firft Day, for refufuig to kneel at the Mais. 
Such was Queen Mary's firft Parliament, com- 
pofed of a Houfe of Commons, filled with the 
Creatures of the Court ; and of a Houfe of Ixirds; 
who, through Fear, Avarice, or Ambition, dilTcm'' 
ttled their Sentiments, or, a few excepted, thought 
all Religions alike. It is eafy Co forcfee what is to 
be expedled from fuch a Parliament.' 

On the other Side j it is to be obferved that our Rsmuki ibere- 
Author has amply enlarged Bifbop Burnet's Cen.""' 
fures on his own fingle Authority; for except the 
Affair of the Bifliops, which he has from Fexe, no 
other Writer is quoted for all the reft. An Hifto- 
tian, of another Dlfpofition, acquaints us that this 
Beal, from whom Bifhop Burnet draws all his In- 
formation, was not only a bigotted Nonconformift, 
tut, what is much woric, a Man of a furious, tem- 
peftuous Spirit. That he mift)ehaved himfelfto a 
fcandaious Degree, and failed both in Temper and 
Honefty; fome Inftances of which this Author 
hath given in the Courfe of his Hiftory "i : So that 
all this black Imputation ftands upon the Credit of 
Seal's fingle Teftimony, fmce no other Author of 
that Age, or near It, fays any Thing of the Matter^ 
And, upon the whole, it is not at all probable that ""'■ 

the Government would venture upon ftraining the ] 

Conftitution, before they themfelves were fettled^ 
qnd begin fo early with fuch Ai5is of Violence in 
fuch an unfteady Junflure of Time. 

One Thing, indeed, our Right Reverend Au- 
thor had much better Authority for inferring, as a 
prelude to the firft Parliament of this Reign. 
Writs had been fent out, dated at Wtftminjier^ 
Auguji 14., for otie to meet, at the fame Place, on 
the 5th of Oilo^er following. In the mean Time 

flG(///«-'i£cc/*ffl/!«a/fl->r,, VoJ. II. p. 34?. 

■ i>, Google 

jtSS ^e ParJtamentary fJiSTORr 

Qsecn BStrj. it WM thought iKcellary the Queen fliould I>e 

crowned, which was done on the firft of that 

Month, n is before related ; and, in order to fofien 

the Minds of her Sub|e6b, and Jifpofe them to a 

good Opinion of her Government, the Queen, by 

the Advice of Gardiner^ Bifhop of Wimhtfier^ as' 

is faid ', not only put out a general Pardon, but 

publifhed a Proclamation to this Effect ' ; 

A tthcnl ?«• * That whereas the good Subjeds of England 

'ooj ( had always exhibited Aid to their Princes, when 

* the Good of the Public and Honour of the Realm 

* rcqubed it } and the Queen, fmcc her coming to' 

* the Crown, fount! the Treafury was marvclloufly 

* exhaufted by the evil Government of late Years, 

* efpecially fince the Duke of Nsrthumberlatid bore 

* Rule ' ; though fhe found hcrfelf charged with 

* divers great Sums of her Brother's Debts, which 

* for her own Honour, and the Honour of the 

* Realm, (he determined to pay in Times conve- 

* nient and reafonable ; yet, having a fpecial Re- 

* gard to the Welfare of her Subjefls, and account- 

* ing their loving Hearts and Profpcrity the chiefelt 
'• Treafurc which (he defired, nex» to the Favour 

* and Grace of God, therefore fincc, in her Bro- 

* thcr's laft Parliament, two Tenths, two Fif- 

* teenths, and a Subfidy, both out of Lands anil 

* Goods, were given to him for paying his Debts,' 

* which were now due to her, flic, of her great 
of the Ua Su^ ' Clemency, did fully pardon and dlfcharge ihefc 
Hf, * Subfidies ; trufting that her faid good Subjcdts wilt 

•. have loving Confidcration thereof for their Parts, 

* whom Ibe heartily requires to bend themfelves' 

* wholly to God, to fervc him fmcerely, and with 

* continual Prayer for the Honour and Advancc- 

* ment of the Queen and the Commonwealth.* 

This Relaxation of Taxes, according to Bilho];^ 
Burnet, was a Largefs of an extraordinary Nature, 

t Bnrnii, Vol. II. p. asj. P"^^" 

• This PioduDitioii ii printed (t luge mHjmtr, Tom. XV. 
*■ 335- 

I He is citled, in tbe Prodiniition, that molt dnviuJ'f TVailaar. 
'And Arraad ii Hill i Doithern Word for » Spider ; no doubt fiant 
the Laih, Armia ; h ihe Epith,cl bcic ii foifimt. Aa arrait 
Knivt i> comm*n in Ytrkjbirt, 

■ i>, Google 

»/ E N G L A N D. 2S9 

prepared by Gardlntrf againft the Meeting of the tis^Uerj. 
Parliament j and, at the Time appointed, viz. 
OSloter 5 ", the two Houfes niet at Wiftminjier^ 
when the State of the Peerage, in the Writs of 
Summons, was as follows : \ 

Th, QUEES, &c I. William M,™ ./Winche- ti.p.,,!.,^, 
Iter, Lerd-ijreat-lrtajurer of tngland, in«t n »'g«««- 

Thsmas Lord Fitzwater, Giorge Lord Danty, ^'> 
T'homasDvke o( Nor/oJi, Tismas Lord IVharteiii Aaoa'Rtpaf 
Henry Earl of Arufidelcy Henry Lord Bergavenny, 'SSJ- 
yohM Earl of Bedford, Thomas Lord San<fys^ 
Edward Earl of Derby^ John Lord Mordauntt ' 
Henry Earl of Suffix, Robert Lord Ctf/*, 
Francis Earl of Shrew/- fViltiam Lord Burgbe, 

bury, y^hn Lord Sriyr, 

Henry Earl of Rutland, Thomas Lord Vaux^ of 
Francis Eai\ of Hunting- Harradsn, 

dan, William Lord Wyndefore, 

John Earl of O^/cr./, ^'//fom Lord Gm, of 
fTtlUamY.. oi fVorceJier, Wilton, 
Henry E. of Cumberlandt Charles Lord Suuriant 
Henry Eail of IVeJlmore- WiUiam Lord i)tf«-«, of 

/««(/, GilleJIand, 

John Earl of Baii, riomat S(fln/fy, Lord 

fVilliam E. of Pembroie, Monltggle, 
Edward Earl of Devon, JobnTeucbet, l^A.Audtey^ 
Waller Vifc. Hereford, £dti!.Feny!,hoidClynlany 
Thomas Weft, Lord i)e /a Lord - High - Admiral 

War, of England^ 

George Brook, Lord Cafi- Thomas Lord Darcey, of 

AflOT, Chichty 

John Nevile, Lord in//- William Lord Paget ^ of 

mer, Beaudefert, 

Geo. Zouche, Ld, Zsuche, Thomas Lord Wentzvortbj 
Hen. Parier, Ld.Morley, John I>ord Conyers, 
Richard Rich, LA. Rich, Henry Lord Stafford, 
WtUiam Lord WilUugh- John Loid ia/n/^y, of 

iy, Lumley, 

George Lord Evers, George f-ord Talbot, 


" Ci-fl/,ofl'i Cinnlcic and DniJaU't SnifMiai, with the L«r<ii" 
J'^rntls, make it ihc 51I1 of Oflu**' j Di. ify//j» ind BiOiar *»r««/ 


ig6 The Parliamentary rJisTdRY 

Q»cea AfiJij. The Parliament began with much Formality, A 
folemn Mafs of the Holy Ghoft being fung in If^tJI- 
jrtinfler Church, according to the antient Cudom: 
The Queen rode thither in her Parliament-Robes, 
all the Bilbops and Lords in their Scarlet Robes 
attending. Trumpets blowing b.eforc them. When 
iLe heard Mafs two BifliopS waited on hCr, one 
whereof del iver'd her the Chapter and other Things. 
Afterwards they all went to the Parliament- Houfe, 
the Jiarl of Devonjhire bearing the Sword, and the 
Earl oi U^eJlmoTfland the Cap of Maintenance, be- 
fore the Queen *. , ■ 

The70uma/r of theHonie of Lords in this Par- 
liament being lofl, there is no Light to be had from 
thence of their Proceedings ^ ; But, from the im- 
|)erfe£t yeurm! of the Houfe of Commons, focne- 
what may be gathered to our Purpofe. It is to 
be obferved that the Queen did not alter the Style 
that her Father and Brother Edward had .taken, 
, in the Writs for calling; this Parliariicnt ; but the 
was in them as ufual. The aforefaid Joumai ac- 
teHNPoLLABD q^aints us, that yohn Pollard, E(q; was elefled 
£fti Spukct. Speaker; and that, on the fecond Day of the 


« Siryp,\ Ecdifiillica! Mtmnlal's.^aitt Mtrj, Vol. III. p. jg. 
1 XHe Book of Jaur„ah of ihe Houfc of Loids, u thii Reign, 
fitth ooly thii Be^mninp : 

' The firft P»rliament-RolI of Queen Biary, remiining [n the 

• Chapel of the Roll) in Chanary-Lani, bcginneCh in theie Woidt, 

' /■ Parliamnlii intbeale & team apad Wcftmon atrium ^ii'ifiv 
' Dit Oflobris, Aeaa Rigni ftrmtffimji & accllmi^nut Danii^ 

• mfir/iMvim, DiiGraiii, Angtix^Frtatix.&fiibcrniK.Brginir, 

• FiJn Difnf^rh, ^ in Tirrii Ecclefix An|licinK & Hiberniz So-: 

• pcemi CafitU, f""w; & ibidimcenliitiialaiifqui ' "" 
' mum DiJm^uJiltm " ' ' ' ' 

thi) Stilion. 

Tticjcurnali of the GiinnKUU, for thii PirliuncnC, bdgin tbiu : 

• The Parliimenl of the aolt Tirtuous and mighty Ptiocefi Mtrj, 

• by the QiaCeof God. Queen of Eaghnd. FranCi. and Iriland. &ii 
' before Che Queen in heifeoyal Seat in ihe Pari iioient- Chamber; 
' where Ihe Bllhop of Ifincbifiir. Loid-Chanollor, afttr certain 
' CauCil Sktvti. by an eloquent Oraiion, foT the calling of the fixi 
■ Uament, declared the.Qjicin'i Pteafure to be, that the CoHuliDiiii' 

• U (bcit accuftomed Plate, Ihould chule a SfCiker,' 

> /jufdtm Mnfii ra*i frixtmi ftauinlii, a/mmum (aioiiK 
& Pepuli Cm/hiCk, & Srgia Majefialii mm fr^/naii 

.■i>, Google 

er £ N G L A N D. ±gf 

ftbKon, one Member movot for a RwieW of th^ ^aewM.<j. 
l<awi nude {^ th^ iatv^KlngBdwai-di which, aft,cT 
Wing vgued a while, was for that Time laid afidc, 
■od Ae Bill for Tonhage and Poundage put in in* 
flead o£ it. After this a Debate arofe upon the 
Cafe of one Dr. Ntuu/, who was returned a Mem- 
ber for Lai. in CerKUiaU, and being atfo a Prebendary^ 
of W^hnmfttr^ whether he coutd fit in ijiat Houte ? 
A Comaiittee being appointed to Tearch for Prece- 
dents in thislCafet it was reported, That the Do^or^ 
beiDg reprefented in the Houfe of Convocation^ 
could not be a Member of that Houfe ; and upon 
this he was expelled. The Bill for Tonnage and 
Poundage was fent up to the Lords, who return*- 
ed it to the Commons, to be reformed in two Pro- 
vUbes that were not according to forme rPrecedcntSt ' 
How Uiy fiiys Bilhop ^umttt this Was contrary 
•a the Ri^its of Uie Commons, who now fay the 
Lords cannot aher a Mone; Bill, I cannot deter- 

Butlfaeonlf public Bill whkh pafled in this fliprt AS fbrtinUtlnf 
Scffien, was repeating certain Treafons, Felonies, jf^jj?^"°»^ 
and Prcmunires ; by wh icb il was ordained , That no- 
thing fltoiild be judged Treafon, but what was with- 
in the Statute of Treatbns made in the 25th of King 
Sdwarti III. and that nothing fliould be j.udgca 
Fehmy that was not fb before the firft Year of King 
Jiary VII}. excepting from any Benefit of this Aa 
aU fiich as had been in Prilbn before the laft of 
Stpitmbtr ; who were alfo excepted out of the 
^leen's Pardon at her Coronation. 

To make the better Way for this BUI to pafr, 
there vetc many Members in both HouAs wht» 
ftewed tbemfelves exceeding hot agatnfl King Hm- 
ty'a Laws, elpecially fuch of^em as extended their 
Penalties to Death, Some of thefe zealous Speak" 
era were of the Queen's Privy Council, and others 
were Lawyers; who, by this theirForwardner9,wer« 
made loon a^er of' her learned Counfel. "niey 
inveighed a^inll them as cruel and bloody l.aw3» 
They termed them Draco's Laws, which were 

Vol,. III. T wiitten 

7 Hifinj Bftbt iiftrmuitn, Tol, II, p. 15]. 

■ i.jGoo'^le 

igx ^e Parliaftientar^ History 

tifftnMarji, written in Blood,- ,Somcfaid-they*e'reinoreintO'^ 
lerable than any La*s that Diav/fius, or any other 
Tyrant, ever made. * As many Men, fays an Hif-* 
torian i*, lo maoy bUter Natnes «nd Invefiives 
were betlowed on thelc Laws. Infoniuch that 
one would have thought this R«igil would have 
been more tender of Men's Lives than any before 
it.' But the ConfequcncewiUihew It much other- 

The Preamble to this A^ declares, ' That the 
' Queen, calling to her Remembrance that many' 

* Honourable and Noble Perfons, andothers of good 

* Reputaiion, had lately, fbr Words only, fuffered 

* {hamefut Deaths, not accuAomcd .to Nobles: 

* Therfefore, pf her Clemency, and trufting her 

* loving Subjefls were ccntented that fuch dange- 

* rous and painful Laws fhould be abrogated, front 
' henceforth no AG, Deed, or Offeijce, that ba«t 

* been by ^ik of Parliament made Treafon, iSc. 

* by Words, Writing, Cyphering, Deeds, or other-' 

* wife, fhould' b» talt eji, 'b dd. Or deemed to be 

* High Treafon, Petty Treafon, is'c. provideif. 

* that nothing in this h&. fiiould in anywife ex- 
» tend to. give any^Manner o^ Benefit, Advantage,' 
■ or Commodity, ^ to any Pe^fon or Perfons, who' 

* were, on or. before the laft Day of Stpumhtri 

* arfqfled or imprifoned for Treafon, or to any 

* Perfon heretofore ijidiited of Treafon, Petty. 
« Treafon, bfc, before the faid laft Day of Seplem-'- 
» her. All thefe were to fuffer fueh Pains of Death, 

* LoITes, Forfeiiii^es of Lands and Goods, as the* 
< Law, in Rich Cafes of Treafon, directed *.' By 
which Ai9, fays our Author, a1) thofe of King Ed- 
•suar^i Friends,La6y Jane's Well-wifhers, or Pro- 
teftantProfelTors who had been taJcenupandcroud- 
ed into Goals, could receive no B.enefit by this won- 
derful A£t of Clemency. Bi&op Burnet alfo ob- 
ferves. That this Act of Repeal was no more than 
what had palled in the Beginning of the late King's 
Reignj without the Clog of fuch s fevere Provifo ; 


r Sirypi'a Mimeriali, Vol. 111. p. jf. 

* Si*Mit »l Uric, Aam 1 Marim, SeiTio pilRUb 


gi'' E N G L A N ij. epj 

^ywhich, headds, many were cut offfrom the Fa- <lo«nM<v* 
vour defigned by it, and argues very much tike a 
Lawyer on that Subjtft '. * 

Two private Bills were alfo pafFed in this Seffion;' 
t)ie one for the Rcftitution in Blood of the Lady 
Gertrude Cburtneyy Widow to Henrj Ciurtnej, late'' 
Marquis of Exeter, who had beeti attattited in the 
32d Year of King iffary's Reign J and the 6th er' 
for her Son, Sir Edward Courtney, Earl of Devin- 
Jhire. After the Qiieert had given her Aflent to 
thofe Bills, the Parliament was prorogued from the; 
2lft to the 24th olOSlnher, that there might be,' 
fays Bifhop Burnet, one Scffion of Parliament in' 
this Reign, confiding only of A^ts of Mercy* - 

When the Parliament met again, after thi* very 
fiiort Prorogation, the Bill for Tonnage and Poun-' 
dage was refumed in the Houfe of Commons, and' 
pafled in twojiays ''. The next was a Bill about Aad«lMui(ifc* 
King Henrys Marriage with the Queen's Molhet, Queen't LcsUt^ 
declaring the Quefen'S Highneft, as the Title ex-'°"'T* 
^refles it, to be bdrn in la*fUl 'Wedlock. This 
Bill was ^nt down by the Lords on the 26th, and' 
the Contmons pafTed it, Nem. Can. on the 28th ; 
fo ftrangely, fays Biirnei, was the Stream turned,' 
(hat a Divorce, which had been for feten Year* 
inuch defired by the Nation, was now repealed orf 
fewer Days Confultation. rThe Preamble to which 
Aft has tnefe remarkable ExprelSons : 

' That Truth, how, much (btver obfcdred antt 

* bonie down, will, in the End, break out ; and that 

* therefore they declared, That King Hi»ry VIIL 

* being lawfully married to Queen Katherint, by 
Confent (Jf both their Parents, and the Advice of 

' the wifeft Men in the Realm, and of the bcft 
' and notableft Men for Learning in Chriflendoin, 
' did continue in that State twenty Years, In which. 
' God blefTed.them with her Majefty and othef 
' Hae, and a Courfc ofgreat Happitiefs ; bm their 
T 2 ' a very 

" ""■ 1"™!!" in on 'he ijih of M»*«r, ind ?»0W on tbf 

p-hy Google 

294 5^ Parllammfary HrsTORr 

QwcnXbT. ■ a vcTjT few nalicioui Perfims did endeavour to 
, * break that happy Agreemeflt beCweeo ttieai, and 

* fiitdied to pofien the Kiag witb a Scruple in hi> 

* Confcience about it ; and, to fupport that, did get 

* the Seals of fome Univeifitics as^inft it, s few 
' Pectoas being conupted with Money for that 

* End. They bad alio, by luufter Ways and ftaet 

* Threaten mgs, procured the Seals oC the Uiu- 

■ verfitie* of this Kingdom : And, finally, Thtmat 

* Cramer did, moft ungodUty asd againft Law» 

* judge tbcDivorce, upon nia o«^ uoadvifcd Undcr- 
' * flanding of the Scriptuiear upon the Te{ltinonie» 

* of the UniTeifitks, and fooie bare and niofl ua- 

* true Conjc<5lures ; and That was afterwards con- 

■ firmed by two hSts of Parliament, in which was 

■ cwitained the Illegitioiacy of her Majefi; ; but 

■ that Marriage, not beine prohibited by the Law 

* of God, coi3tl not be fo Broken ; fincc what GtA 

* bad joined together no Man could put alunder. 

* All which ttuy confidering, together wid) the 

* many MiCStiea that had fallen on the Kingdoia 

* fince that Tiuie, which thn did eftecm Plaguet 

* ftnt from God for it; therefore they declare that 

* Sentence given by Cranrtur to be unlawful, ami of 

* »b Force from the Beginning, and do alfq repeal 

* the AQi of Parliament confiimii^ it.' 

A Ihort Remark of Mr. CtlHtr's mxf not be 
snulj in thi« Place. This Writer fm, < That, 
by cot^iming the Marriage between Kat^ Htmrf 
■nd Queen Kathmnt, this Parliament did not on^ 
make tbemfelves Judgei of the Sciipturas' Meaning, 
uid pronounce upon a Caule within the Verge of 
£cclo6iif{ical Jurlfdiaion ; but, by this Aft, they 
did atJcnowIa^, tacitly, the Pope's Supremacy. 
It is certain that the Lawfulnefs of the Marriage 
ftood upon the Dtfpenlation of Pope Jvliiu IL ain 
iberefbre an A^, which declares the Marrtagegaod, 
suift, by Confcquence, acknowledge the Pope's 
Authority. But then, adds our Author, the Par- 
liament mighi found their DcdinitioB upon that 

.■i>, Google 

ef E N G L A N D. ngg 

Text ia DeuterMomft^ixv. s't and believe ^t QocanJCir^ 
King Henry rite Eighth's Marriage with Katit~ 
rine of Spatn, his Brother's Widow, fiood -^on 
the Reafon and Equt^ of that Law '. 

The next Bill that was Tent by the Hoafe of 
Lords to the Connnons was, for the repealing of 
King Edviariti Laws about Religion. It was 
fent down, O^ibtr^i, and argued for fix Days in 
that Houfe; and, in thcEnd, it was carried and paf- 
fed into a Law. It declared the great Diforders that 
had fallen out in the Nation, by the Changes that 
had been made in Religion, from that which their 
Fore-fiithcr! had left them on the Authority of the 
Catholic Chtirch. Thereupon all the Laws that 
had been made in King EdwarJ't Time about Rc- 
l^ion were now repealed : And it was enacted, ^^ . 
That, from the 20th of Decimbtr next, there fhould ^TfA? lul 
be no other Form of Divine Service hut what badbniiacim 1^ 
been ufed in the laft Year of King Hrary VIII. F«<>M. 
By which one Blow, fays Hiylin'y was felled down 
all that had been done in the Reformation for levea 
Years before. And no lels than nine A£b of Par- 
liament, all made for the Eftablifliment of the Re- 
formed Religion, were utterly repealed '. 

By another AA, which pafled tfie Lower Houfe, 
«nd waa fent up to the Lords, it was declared that 
all thofe who; by any overt Ad, &ould molefl or 
difquiet any Preacher becaufe of his Office, or foe 
any Sermon that he might have preached; or ifhonid 
any Way dlfturb him when he was in any Part of 
the Divine Offices, that^ither had been in the laft 
Year of King Hemj, or ftould be afterward) feC , 
T 3 forth 

c If BnthrendwcU MpdwT, nid«»«f tlicmdif, ind htTeqa 
Chi'd, the Wife of tbe Dead fh^ not muiy withoot aBCo a Stian- 
■gec: Her Hulbind'a Broibcr ftiill go in unco her, aod tike hci'to /I 

him to Wifi, ud perfdcm [he Dut; of an Hnftud'* Brclber onto 

i C-lliir't EahJ!iJlial BlJUry, VoL II. p. 350. 

■ Aijtjifj >/ £ivia Maty, p. iS. 

f Ses tbe Titlet of theft A&M m Che SltlKltl at Urp, Atl> IW* 
Jdnri^i Scffio tccunda. 

p-hy Google 

igS The Parliamnfary History 

<t<Mea Mfj. forth by the Queen, or fliould break or abufe th^ 
Holy Sacrament, or break Altars, Crucifixes, and 
CrolTcs ; thofe thai did any of thcfe Things (hould 
be prerented to the next Jufiicc of Peace, who was 
to imprifon them for three Months, or lilt they 
y/Nc penitent for their Offences ; and if any refcu-r 
cd them, they Ihould be liable to the fame Punilb- 
ijient. Xo this a Provlfo was added by the Lords, 
That this A£t Ihould no ynys derogate from the 
Authority of the tccleftaflical Laws and Courts, 
who might alfo proceed upon fuch Offences. It 
is probable that fomc late Dirorders at St. PauTi 
Crofs, where one Bourn had a Dagger thrown at 
him as h« was preaching, occafioned this A£l. 

Burnet obferves. That the Commons were notr 
fo heated, that is, we prefume, fo over-run with 
Zeal for the Catholic Caufe, that they fent up an- 
other Bill to the Lords, againft thofe who came 
neither to Church nor Sacraments, after the old 
Service (hould be again fee up; Punifiiments, in 
thefe Cafes, being left to the Spiritual Courts. 
Sul this fell in the Houfe of Lords ; not (o much, 
adds this Author, out of any Oppofltionthat was 
made to it, but they were afraid of alarming the 
Nation too much, by too many levere Laws at 
once ■. 

Befides thefe Laws, which were made in order 
to bridle the Reformers in Church- Affair^, there 
was another introduced for the Security of the 
public Peace. This was another Revival ofaRioc 
A£t, or agalnil unlawful and rebellious AiTembltes. 
to By this Statute it was cnadled, ' That if any, to the 
^ijffO, ' Number of twelve or aboye, Ibould meet to alter 
^ny Thing eflablifhed by Law, relating to Religion, 
and being required by any, having the Queen's 
Authority, to difperfethemfelves, and fhould' conti- 
nue together after that one Hour, It fhould be Fe- 
lony- If the f^mc Number m^% to break fledges or 
Parks, to dellrayDeer, Fi(h, (^c. and did not dii^ 
perfc upon Proclamation, it Ihould be Felony. If 
i Wfiiij ef ibt Rtfarwuita, VoJ. II. p. 155. ■ ^ 


of E N G LAND. 297 

any, by ringing of Bells, Drums, or firing of Beacons, <ls.«n M"j. 
gailiered the People together, and did the Things 
before- mentioned, it was Felony. If the Wives or 
Servants of Pcrfonfl, fo gathered, carried Money, 
Meat, or Weapons to them, it fliould be Feiony. 
And if an/, above the Number of two, and within 
twelve; Ihould meet for thcfe Ends, they Ibould fuf- 
fer a Year's Imprifonment; impowering the Sheriffs 
or Juftices to gather the Country for the Refiftancc 
of Perfons (a offending, with Penalties on all, be- 
tween Eighteen and Sixty, that, being required to 
come out againfl; them, Ihoutd refufe to do it. 
And this A.&. is ordered to be read and publifhed at 
every Quarter- Scffion, and at every Leet and Law- 

BiQiop Burnet pafles a fevere Cenfure on this 
Aft, which muft not be omitted. He fays. That 
when it was publilhed, the People then faw clearly 
how they had been deceived by the former Aft, 
which feemed fo favourable, repealing all former 
A£ts of TreafoRS and Felonies i lince there. Was an 
Afft palled, To Toon after it, that renewed one of the 
fevered Laws of the hA Reign i in which fo many 
Things were made Felonies that might flow from 
fudden Heats, and a great many new and fevere ' 

Provifocs were added to it. 

Two private Bills occafioned more Debate in the 
Houfes than the public ones had done. The firft 
was for repealing an AA for conHrming the Mar- 

Suis of Narthampton's fecond Marriage, whilft his 
rftWifewasalivc. This Affair made a great Noifc 
at that Time ; but we Ihatl pafs it over to come 
to a Bill of ftil! a more public Nature, which 
was to repeal the Attainder of the Duke of Ner~ 

The Reader may remember that the very laft 
Aft of Slate, done by King Henry VIII. was 
figning a Bill for the Attainder of that Nobleman j 
who was to have been executed, as his Son the 
Earl of Surrey h»d been, if Death itfelf had not 
bcoughtbimaRepiievebytakinglCing^fnry before 

u,i„K „,Coi)^lc 

tgS ff& ParHamemary Histcrv 

{^mAGny- him. The Duke was kept dofe Pti^er In tbr 

Tvwtr til the \aA Reign ; and, being a zcaloui Ca- 
^olic, Marj thought a Pcrfon of nil great Rank- 
and Fortune would add a Weight to her Defigns x 
Sut the Bill for reverfing this Attainder met with 
much Oppofition in the Houfe of Commons. Tfae 
Fatentecs, who had purchafed fome Parts of tb« 
puke's Eftate fiom the Crown, defircd to be h«r4 
iy their Counfel againil it. And, the Seffon oC 
Tarliamcnt bring iicar at an £n<), the DuL% cbrw 
down himfelf to the Houfe of Coonnons, Dte. 14, 
and carneftly dclired them to pafs his Bill ; deck- 
ring that the Difference between him and the Fa* 
fcntecs was referred to Arbitration ; and, tftbey 
could not agree, he would -refer it to the Queen: 
But, after this, it was long argued* tho' ia tbe End 
it was agreed to, and the Bi'l was pajfed. 

^he Jouriml-Beoi of the Lords, tho' it is defiv 

cient in the A^ of the firft and fticond Seffions of 

this Parliament, yet hath infertcd in it the Preamble 

to this ^& of Reverfiooj which We fliall .^vf 

in its own Words : 

The D k of * ^"^ ""^ '' p'^^^ Y"^' Higbnefs that it be de- 

fietfiil's^i- * dared by the Authority of this prefent Parliament, 

pindft ifnn'4. ' that the Law of this Realm is, and always haf 

■ ' * been, that the Aflent and Confent of the King of 

* this Realm to any A^ of Parliament ought to 

* be given in his own Royal Prefence, beittg perfo- 

* nally prefent in the Higher Houfe of Parltament, 

* -oi by his Letters Patent lender bis Oreat Seal, 
f affigned with his Hand, dedxred and ra(ific4 in tm 

* AbTepce to the Lords Spiritual and Tentporal, 

* and the Commons sHombled tt^ther in the 
^ H^her Honfi:, according to the Statute ^^c is 

* the Year of the Reign of the faid late Kip^ 

* Htnry VIII. in thatCafe made and provided/ ' 

Another Exception made 10 tfae Act c^ Attsili- 
der, and mentioned in the Jaurnal, was becaufe tbe 
icing's Stamp, expreffing his Name, was only 4x11 
to it, not figoed with his own Hand, and that Wa; 
1^ xt ^e Sottom of the fajd AA, imd tiot zbovc 1 

■ i,,Goo'^lc 

S/- E N G L A N D. 1:99 

'By whidi it -docs not Kppeftr that the King «T«r Qsi*> A^"?* 
gave his A&nt to it ; and Juice there was nodiing 
charged agunft the faid Dulce^but fome prcteodca 
Keafona for iiliiig Coats of Artni, which he and his 
Anccftors had and might lawful)}' ufi; : And that 
the Lord P^gtt, late Secretary of State to Kins 
Hent^t came mto the Houfe of Comniotis alfo, ana 
depofed upon his Honour, That the faid Letten Pa- 
tent for the psffii^ this ASt were not %ned ^th 
tike King's Hand, but only the Stamp put co theM 
bjr one fyilliam CUrk '. The King alio dj ing the 
Night flftei, the whole ibewed that it was difor- 
detly done ; and therefore that pretended A^ is de- 
clared void and null by the CommOa Laws of ^ 

The lafi A£l which comes Wider our Notice ',OA«rAai«^ ' 
was a Confirmation of the Attainders which had Attundercaof 
been made, in a Trial at Bar, againft Arcbbifliop^''^' 
Crtmmtr^ die Lord GtdUford Dudity, and the Lady 

?fmni his Wife, fJe. They had all confefled their 
ndtSiAents, and by this AA they were attainted of 
HighTreaion; forlcvyingWaragainftthcQacen, 
jind confpiring to let up another in her Room. 
The Lord and Lady were befae^ed, but Cranmtr, 
being divefted from hb Kfliopric by this Ad, was 
Iscpt in Prilbn till he iuSered a mere drea^iil Ex* 
ecution afterwards. 

About this Time it wasthat die Queen had been 
f^Iicited to marry, and three Perfons were fecrcdy 
propofed to her fer a Match -. Thefe were Cmtrttuf 
Earl of Bivm, Cardinal PiU, and PhiUp^ cideft 
Son to the Empcfbr Cbarlti V. It was thought 
that her Indinatibos ftood moS: for the yaune EarL 
of DtvanJbifM: He was a fine Perfon, and of Royal 
Extradion, >hii Grand-Mother being Daughter to 
King Ediaard IV. , It is faid this Nobleman had 
received fome intetligible Invitation to this Matdi 
from the Queen herfclf { but he declined it, and ' 

F^d. A^, Itfo^ XV, 


jjoo 7Z^ ParUamentary History 

Qseu iittfj. defired Leave to addreft die Lady Eliaabith^ wliich 
much difpleafed her elder Siller. It was objected 
againfl Cardinal Poie^ that he was advanced in 
Yean, and fo much given to his Study and De- 
votion, as to be nowayi lit for her Hufband or the 
Regal Dignity. Philip of Spain was deemed pre- 
' ferable in all Refpefle ; he was Heir to the grcacelt 
Monarch in Eurtpe, bred to the Bufinefs of a 
Crown ; of an enterprizing Genius ; and, fince 
the National Affairs required a Perfon of his 
Power, it was urged, that, by fuch an Alliance, the 
Trade of the Kingdom would be extended, and the 
public Interell conftderably advanced. But not- 
' withftanding the Complacency this Parliament 

ihewed to thcQueen and her Minilliy, the Rumour 
Tie CjMnnwni being fprcad that flie was going to marry Philip, 
■dtefttheQuKOjjjg Houfe of Commons were much alarmed, and 

■EUlinnUirtlflg nri- \ • r- , r^ ■ n ■ 

fbilif ni Sfai*. came to aKelolutionto addrefs thel^een agamlt it. 
Accordingly they fent their Speaker, with twenty 
of that Houfe, with an earned and humble Addrefs 
to her not to marry a Stranger. What Anfwer 
they received is not known ; but it may well be 
imagined no good one, for when theCoun perceived 
their Inclinations in this Matter, and that more 
was not to be expeSed from them, on the 6th Day 
af Dectmbtr the.(^een came to the Hotife of 
Peers and difToIved this Parliament, after having 
given the Royal Aflent to thirty^ one Ai^, accord- 
ing to the Commons' Jaurnal; though the StatuU- 
Boaks mention only eighteen. 

An Hiftorian ", before quoted, hath given us 
fome farther Account of the Debates in the Lower 
Houle, about this Spanijh Match, from a. Manu- 
script of a Member of this very Parliament ; who 
writes thus j ' Oo you remember, at that Time, 

* the Motion of the Speaker, and the RequeJl of 

* the Commons' Houfe, what they did and could 

* have moved then I And how they all ran one 

* Way, like the Hounds after the Hare, High and 

* Low, Knights, Efquires, and Butge^es, fuch as 

' were 

* Siryfi'i Ecclif. Mmarkh, Vol, lU. p.^55. From a Mf, 
l(u(f<i;t of Sir Ibmei Smisbt 

■ i>, Google" 

j/- E N G L A N D. 301 

* were of the Privy Council, and others far and QsmtUrjt 

* near? Whom preferred they, I pray you then, 
^ if Men could have had their Wifh, the Stranger 

* or the Englijhman? And think you they did not 

* co'nfider her Majefty's Honour, Wf ? And when 
Somebody in the Houfe had endeavoured to recon- 
cile the reft to this Marriage, by fhewing hov 
fafe the Nation might malce itfelf, by Bonds and 
Covenants which this Prince {hould enter into with 
the Queen, one Member flood up, and alked this 
fmartQueftion; * In Cafe, faid he,theBonds{hould 
*■ bebrolcenbeCweeniheHu(baiidandiheWife,each 
*■ of them being Princes in their own Country, wha 

* fhall fuc the Bonds i Who fliall talcc the Forfeit i 

* Who fliall be their Judges ? And what fliall be the 

* AdvantageJ'Ourcontemporary Writer look'd up- 
on this tobeaflirewd Quellion j and concludes that 
no other Anfwer could be given to, ' What Advan- 

* tags? None, but Difcord, Diflention, War and 

* Blood-flied; and either extreme Enmity, or that 

* one Part muft at length break or yield.' 

In this Humour was this titftParliament of Queen The PiTliamcot 
Mary difTolved ; which fliews plainly that the "'"™P°» *•*• 
Members of it were not ^a fubfervient to Court-'"''*^' , 
Meafures, that they could even forget they were 
■Engliflimin to oblige the Miniftry. But Matters of 
State made it abfolutcly tiecelTary that a new Parlia- 
ment fiiould be called very foon j the Affair of the 
Marriage, which was now agreed on at Court, and 
mufl be finiOied with the Confent of both Houfes, 
preSing for it. Q\Q\o^ Burnet infinuates ', that 
the Chief Minifler, Gardinery had informed the 
Emperor, that the Marriage was like to meet with 
great Oppoiition, unlefs extraordinary Conditions 
were ofiered ; fuch as all fhould fee were much to 
the Advantage of the Englijh Crown ; otherwifc 
it could not be carried without it general Rebellion. • 
He alfo aflu'red the Imperial Court, that if great ^ 

Bums of Money were not fent over, to gratify the 
fibief Nobility and leading Men in the Country, 

\ Sifitry tfiht BffsriHificH, Vftl. U. p. aSi. 

p-hy Google 

^02 7be Perkafftetaary HisTORr 

Q>>Rii Msry. j^^}, f^j obliging tbcm in hU itilercft, mi etuUing 
them to cajry £lei3ions for the next Parltvmentt 
the 0{^&tion would be facb, that the Queen imiA 
lay down &11 Thoughts «f marrying Don Phiiift 
Accoidingiyi the fame AuOtority jiffures ut, that a 
mighty Sum was Tent -over, -amounting to £our 
buwred thoufand Pounds £«fi!i^ Money ; whtofa^ 
lie adds, no one will think an extraordinary Price, 
when he confukrs that England was to he bought 
with it. With this Money G«rimr is faid to hawe 
corrupted many i inlbmuch ttiat, in (he Court of 
Chancery, coomon Juflice was denied to all but 
thofe who came into thefc De%ns. 

Thus does this Ri^ht Rev^ Auil»r carry on bit 
inventive*, without mentioning any-Authority for 
it hut his own j which gives an impartial Reader 
jbme Room to doubt of his Sincerity. We have 
talcen Notice, that the laft Parliament was as obfe- 
. quious to the Court as poffible, except in the Afiir 
-of the Marriage, and yet he does not chaige the 
Mintflry with Bribery in carrying the Eledions itx 
it. Sut whether the Way was paved With Spanifi 
Gold in-this Afanner or not, 'tis certain that a Par- 
liament wascalled by WritB dated-at H^^minfia-y 
Ftbruary ao, to meet at Qnfard on the zd <i April 
following, which was flill m the firft Year of this 
Queen. Grii/'/m informs us, ThatthisCall taOx^ 
ftrd was occafioned by a DiAafie that the Qticen 
iiad taken againfl: the LondcntrSi as being Favourers 
of fyjat'i Rebellion, wbich was jnfl then quaOicd ; 
but though great Preparations were made for the 
Meeting at Onford, it was held at Wifimnfier^ at 
the Time appointed, by AdjourniiMnt °'. 
AntwPirlU- The y«fr>M/-£Mit'of the Peeis begitw this Parlia- 
ment It Qxfvi, uisijt but lamely, tho' it goes on regulaily^ dt D'h 
^J^nl^f ^"^ -OUm, aftetwards. For tho' the Receivers and 
^jiDO Regoi 1. Triers of Petitions are memi<Hied, as formerly^ 
'5i4' yet there is no Speech from the Lord -Chancellor, 
nor no Speaker of the Houfe of Commons chofen, 
as is ufual. But the Ccmmtm' Jaurnal acquaints 
IKi that the Knights, Citizens, and BurgelEss, chofe 

M Crafna Vf^ lioll'ifjiitai. 

.■i>» Google 

tf^ E N G L A N D. 303 

Rahtrt Br§eky Efqj Serjeant at Law and Recorder Qs^ J«"T- 
of LindeHt for tbelr Speaker, who mide an elo-^ 
quent Speech to th^ (^een on that Occafion ; and EftVa^^^"* 
that the Purport or the Lord-Chajiccllor'a Oration SpeLct. 
to both Haufes was, todeclare. That thid Parliament 
was called for the Corroboration t:^ true Religion, 
and concerning the Qyecn's Highncfi moft nobltf 

The fijft three Days feem to have been wholly 
taken up in reading Writs for appointing Proxies, 
and introducing fome new Peers into that Houfc ; ^ 
and, /tpril 5, the Lord- Chancellor declared to the 
Houfe, that, by realbn of the hid|i Winds and In- 
clemency of the Weather ", the Queen could not, 
without fome Danger to her Perfon, come down 
to ff^ejiminfttr ; therefore, in her Majefty's Name, 
he adjourned the Parliament to WhitthaUt to meet 
the next Morning at Nine o'Clock. 

Our Right Reverend Hiftorian buins this Parlia- 
ment with a further Account of Bilhop Gardintr'i 
Briberies and Corruptions, by acquainting us. 
That the Members were all prepared before-hand, 
by very confiderable Prefents} fome, he fays, had 
100/. fome 200/. a Year for giving their Voices 
in the Article of the Marriage. He proceeds to telt 
us, that the firft ABt that pafled was to declare the 
Queen's Right of Siicceffion to the Crown •. In- 
deed it Itands fo in the printed£^«/«tfr; butifwe 
may credit the Lards' Journal^ the very Jirft Bill 
that was brought into that Houfe, and which was 
on the 7th of April, was to confirm ccruin Articles 
and Agreements touching the Marriage between 
the Queen's moft excellent Highnefs and the Prince 
of Spain. It was read once on that Day, and com- Aa rditfnj tm 
mittcd to the Earl of Shrewjhury^ the Bifljops oftbe Qr.™'. 
Ifurham and Wercjler^ the Lords Rich, P^itt,^''!"'',^**'- 
anfl fTi/Uami. On the 9th, being Monday, the Bill' ""f^ 
was read again i the next Day it palled that Houfe, 
and was fent down to the Commons, who returned 

■ Pr^ir atmjim F/Mmk « Cmli Itttmftritm. 

" Hit Copter, lUpin, U fuUtj of Om >«rj rime Mltikt, V«l. Ili 

p-hy Google. 

304 Itbe Parliamentary Hist OTiY 

QffaMtrj, It condu<led on the 12th ; Co thu it is pln'n thai 
this wai the fiiA Thing they went upon, and car- 
jied tbiough both Houfes with all poffiblc Expe- 

If our learned Writer had not quoted from the 
^eumab of the Lords hitherto, we might well 
imagine he had never feen them. For, in his Ac- 
count of the Proceedings of this firft SelEon, be 
never once mentions this A& for conficming the' 
Marriage; which was a Matterof fuch Confcquence, 
as is unpardonable in io particular an Hif^orian ta 
omit. Jnflead of this, he feems to be chiefly huot- 
ing after Blots and Stains in this Reign, in order 
to make his own Reformation Hiflory appear with 
the greater Luflre. A Man may be a fevere Ene- 
my to the Meafures taken in Queen Mary'& Days, 
to reftore Popery in this Kingdom, and yet, at 
the fame Time, fo great a Friend to Tr^itn as to 
relate Things as they happened. 

Dr. Hiyliiy though he had not ihofe Helps and 
Affiftances the other met with in his Hifiory of this 
Reign,' begins the Proceedings of this Parliament 
■with the Bill for the Mairiage, as the principal 
Keafon for which it was called. That Author 
hath alfo left us an Abfl:raa of the Ad Itfelf, by 
which this famous Marriage was concluded ; and 
the Articles are fo extraoidinary as to challenge a 
Place in thefe Inquiries *". 

■Firft, ' That Philip fliould not advance an? 
■ Perfon to any public Office or Dignity in Eng- 

• land, but fuch as were Natives of the Realm, and 

• the Queen's Subjeds : That he fliould admit a fet 
' Number of EngHjh into his' Houfbold, whom he 

• fliould ufe refpedlfully, and not fofFer them to be 

• injured 1^ Foreigners: That he fliould not tranf- 

• porttheQueenoutof£n^/(jn(/,butathcrIntreaty; 

• nor any of the Iflue begotfen on her, who fliould 

• have their Education in this Realm, and Qiould 

• not be fuiFered, but vpon NeceiBty and good ftea- 

• foHS, to go out of the fame, nor theii either but 

* with 

r HifSn't Hifiory if Suca Marj, p. 37. Thne »tt ether Al- 
lele!, reining 10 A ITaiis lEioidj wbicll 're in noft tf «ur HifltiiiBi. 

■ i>,Gpoglc ' 

«/• E N G t A N D. 30} 

•with the Confcnt of the Englijb: TTiat theQa?enM«7' 
' Queen deceafing without Children, Philip Ihould 

* not make any Claim to the Kingdom, but flioul4 

* leave ii freely to him to whom of Right it fhouM 

* belong : That he Ihould not change any Thing 

* in the Laws, either public or private, nor the Im- 
' munitic9 and Culloms of the Realm ; but (hould' 

* be bound by Oath to confirm and keep them ; 

* That he fbould not tranfport any Jewels nor any 

* Pan of the Wardrobe, nor alienate any of the 

* Revenues of the Crown : That he Ihould pre- 
'fcrve-our Shjppin?, Ordnance, and Munition^ 

* and keep the'Caftfes, Forts, and Btock-Houfes 

* in good Repair, and well manned. Laitly, That 

* this Match fhould not any way derogate from the 
< League lately concluded between the Queen and 

* the King of Framt ; but that the Peace between 
■ the Engfijh and the Frtncb ihould remain firm and 

* inviolate.'' 

Wc will now fee how BiHiop Burnet fets offin 
his Account '6f this Parliament; who, without 
taking any Notice of the above. cited grand Affair, 
enters upori a more fccret Hiftory, as follows ^ : 

• The firft A£t that palTed in this Seffion of Par- 
' liament feemedof anodd Nature, and has a great 

* Secret under it. The Speaker of the Houfe of 

' Commons brought in a Bill, declaring, That^^p^^ ^,. 
« whereas (he Queen had of Right fuccecdcd to the ting w the Pw 
' Crownt but becaufe all the Laws of England had"'i"'''^ 

* been made by Kings, and declared the Preroga-' 

* live to be in the King's Perfon, from thence fome 
' might pretend that the Queen had no Right to 

* them } it was therefore declared to have been the 

* Law, that thefe Prerogatives did belong to the 

* Crown, whether in the Hands of Male or Fe- 

* male; and whatfoever the Law did limit and ap- 

* point for^he Kine, was of Right alfo due to the 

* Quein^ who is declared to have as much Autho' 

* rity as any of her Progenitors.' 

Many of the Houfe of Commons wonder'd what 

Was the Intention of fucb a Law; and, adds our 


iHjflcryfiifPifiniulkii, Vol. U. p.»77. 

=^-if,Google — 

2o6 Tie ParUamentary HiSToRr 

ti^mMgrj. Autbority>«»Pci;^evcieattlu8Tin)efuU<^^«#> 
loufy, one Siinniry a McJnbcr of th^t HotUe, faid) 

* He could not imagine why fuch a frivolous Law 
f was defired, fincc the Thuig^ was wi(tH>ut Dif- 

* puta, aod that wbii;h was pretended ot raiisfyiiig 

* the People was too flight : He was afraid there 

* was a Triclc in thele VVotds, Tbta th§. ^yttn bad 

■ as greet an Jatharity as. tfKf ef htr pKtgtnitM-^ j 

* pn which perhus it might be a/tcrwaids fajd., ihe 

* had the fame Power as WtUiam the CoB<)ueror 

* exewjftd, ia fcizing the Lapd* of th* Exgli^i, »wJ 

* givli]^ them to Strangers; which alfo £4MtaniI. 

* did on his Coaquefl ^ A^ft/fj. He did not know 

* wltft RclaUon this mi^ have (o the intended 
, * Marriage ; whcrefotx he wariiied the Hoiuft to 

■ look tQ It.' On this a Committee wai appointed 
to corrc^ the Bill, aod fuch Woids w<re added as 
brought the Queen's Prerogative u^der thg 6m 
Limitation, as well at exalt«i it to the Hfigbtfai of 
her ProgeiutofS.. 

It would have been, well if our lovtied [Sflorian 
had given us lus Autboritjr for (his Speech of Mr. 
Siinaer, and the Confcqucncei of it; boWevcr* 
we (hall not difpute its Vera<;i^, and «(ilv repeat 
iphat is faid before, that it was not the iir^ Bi^ that 
pafled both Houfea j for it va^ introdyce^ and read 
qnce in the Houfe of Lord^ on the loth of -^friJt 
the Day that the Marrifge->fiiU pafied th^t Houfe, 
md was not concluded till fi^rae {>>;• i^er the 
other bad pa0td both Houfef. 

Sut, after all, there is a better Reafbn gives for 
the Ncceflity of palling this AS than any our Pre- 
late has advanced: which van^ to pr^vem any Di- 
flurbance that might atile frttip an Opinioo broach- 
ed byfome of Queen Mary'i Eltcinies »t thj^Timc* 
That it was u^mi/ul /or a Wegum tf gtvtrn ; to 
prove which the famous jTiov and tome t^m 
Refonners published Books expre% for thiat Put- 

There was another Bill brought into the Lord^ 

which feemed a Compliinenc to Kii^ Pbili» ; it 


p -hyGoogle 

»/■' E N G L A N D. 307 

jtclared the cortpaffing or imagining the Death of Q^"" "*"]'■ 
tht Queen's Hulband to be Treafon whilftlhe was 
living: But, (bough it palTed this Houfe, wc do 
not find that it became a Statute ; and, there being 
no. Mention of it in the Catalogue of the A^ts at 
the End of this Seflion, nor in the Jearnais of the 
Common;, we may conclude the Bill was not fent - 
down to that Houfe. 

An Aft for reftoring the Bi(hopricoF/)arAajw toTbeBUhopricof 
its priftine State, by repealing two Ails made in^!''*""' «-**»' 
the laft Reign for its Diflbtution, was alfo paffed."^' 
In the Houfe of Commons this Bill met with great 
Oppofition from the Town of NttvcaftU, becaufe 
they had purchafed, under the Diflblutiori Ait, the 
Town of. Gatejidi, and the Salt Meadmos, (ffc. 
which occafioned Tunjial, Bifhop of Durham, td 
comedown to that Houfe; where, in a long Speech, 
he gave them an Account of the Troubles he had 
been under from the late Dulce of Narthumber- 
iandf and defired that they would difpateh thti 
Bill : Yet (till it was debated, and, the Houfe di- 
viding, it was carried in the Affirmative by 201 
againft 120. 

This is our Prelate's Atcount, but he is much ■ 
Ihorter in the Affair than he Ihould be ; the Pre- 
amble to this Bill is very remarlcable, and fets 
forth ', 

* That certain ambitious Perfons taking Advan- 

* tas:e of the late King's Minority, made an Inte^ 
' reft, by linifter Practice, to procure the Diflblu- 
*tion of the Bifhopric; that it was done out of 

* mercenary Views, to enrich themfelves and their 
' Friends, by fcizing the Lands of that See, rather 
' than upon juft Occafion or godly Zeal: That 

* Tunftal, Bifhop of Durham, was deprived upoii 

* untrue Surmizes and falfe Accufations, and that 

* the Procefs againft him was foul and illegal: 

* That, upon a lull Examination of the Matter by 
^ the Queen's Commiffioners, the Sentence of De- 
< privation was declared void, as may be feen at 

Vol. III. U ' large 

• Surulii SI larie. Anno imo Marix, SdEo x^*, cap, iii,.^^- - 
CtWir. J. 36S. 

■ I,, Google 

368 ^Hfe Parliamentary History 

q»tta Usiy. * Urge by an authentic laftruacnl : That the 

* Queen had new-founded the Bifitopric by her 

* Letters Patent, and rcOoced all the Lands in her 

* PoflcfEon : But that neither the Heverfal of the 

* Sentence of Deprivation, nor the Queen's Let- 

* ters Patent, were of (ufficient Force to recover 

* the Honours, Lands, iJc. to the See of Diariami 

* therefore, to ref^ore the Bifliopric to its former 

* lotcrefl. Privileges, and Revenues, the two Dif- 

* folution Statutes of the laft Reigti were hereby 

* repealed.' 

But to conclude this Affair: Dr. Ht^in remark^ 
That, by gaining thisPoint,lheCourt had one Vote 
more in the Houfe ef Lords i and by the Confe* 
cration of fevera) new Blbops, with the Cveation 
of Tome new Lords, the Intereft of the Popiflt 
Caufc, in that Houfe, was much augmented. 

The Commons fent up ii Bill for reviving tbe 
Statutes made againft L»il»4>\ which, beiiv read 
twice by the Lords, was laid aiide. The Lortlf 
ytunuiu tell us, That a Bill againfi Hercfies and 
erroneous Preachings was fent up, and at the third 
Baitfwpnnilb. Reading it was thrown out by a Majority of that 
Kjof Htr.1,. jj^^j^_ g.j^ j^^^^ infiBuaies that the Com- 
mons intended next to hava revived the Statute of 
the fix Articles ; but it did not agree with the De- , 
figns at Court to talce any Notice of King Hear/s 
Laws, and therefore it was drofsp'd '. So for- 
ward, adds out Author, were the Comawns to 
plea& tbe Queen, or Aich Operation had the Sf4' 
jufi> Gold on them, that they comrived four BiUs, 
ia one Scffion, for Ae Profecntioa of tlu)& (»)lcd 

But, in order to take off the Impotstion of too 
great Partiality in the Houfe of Conuaons, though 
a Motion was made in that Houfi: for a Bili t« re- 
ftore the Pope's Power in Mng^d, yet another, of 
a contrary Nature, was r^ofved on ; which was, 
That neither the Bifliop of Reiu nor as^ other Bi- 
ihop fliDukI kave any Power to convene or treiMe 
t It V3t liiHliJil iniD ibt Kaiillt ct OcuDinont and raad onc^ 
^rii 17 1 but wi hue flo mon ef it at thii Tine. Cem, Jnni, 

p -hyGoogle 

3/^ E N G L A N D. 309 

, iaj tVrfon for pbffeffiiig Abbey- Lands, It paflcd Q£«n lUarj. 
the Commons on tl\e 27th of /fpril ', and was fent 
to the Lords, but (et afide for that Time, AiTu- 
lance being given that the Owners of tbofe Lands 
Aould be liiJIy lecured. The Title of this fitlj, in 
the ii»rds' Jturnai, is. That no Bifbop [withoui 
meiuiqning of Rnni] fhall convene any Perfon for 
the Abbty-Lands i and it is reafenable to fuppole 
that fince, by Laws then in Force, the Bifhop of 
Ramt had no Anthority at all in England^ it was 
tiecdiefs 10 make an A& in that Particular againft 
bim '. This rotlier feemed, fays oiir Prelate, to 
aflert bis Power in other Things; and iince th« 
Court was lefolved to reconcile the Nation to him, 
it was faid that it would be indecent to pafs an A£t 
that Iboi^d only call biiQ Bi/h»p ef Rtme, which 
Was the Appellation given him during the Schifm ; 
and it was prepofterous tB begin with a Limitation 
of bis Power before they had uloired his Authority. 

To bring this Seflion to a ConcluJion, On the 
4th of May a BiU was lent up to the Lords hf tb« 
other Houfe, confirming the Atuindef of die Ian 
Vu^a oi Suffoli, Sir T'^umw^^tf/, and others: It 
was read thrice that Day, ant) committed to th^ 
Attorney -Gen era! to carry down to the Commonsj 
with this Re^eft,, that thefe Word«, {^aad foraf- 
buub as divert if tht ftmt Traitari] with fsven- 
te^n Lines to the £nd of the Bill, might be wholly 
put out. The JourniMs of the ConnnoRS inform 
iis, that it was not till the laft Day of the SefSon 
this Objedion of the Lords was debated in that 
Houfe i when, upon the QucAion, the Claufe foe 
forfeiting entailed Lands, contained in the Bill, was 
sgrped, bj a Majority, to be kept in. In ^1 Pro- 
bability this Was the Reafbn wby the Bill did not 
pafs into a Law at that Time, for it is not men- 
tioned in the Catalogue of Afis in the Ltrdt' 
yeurnal; and this, or another h£t of like Nature^ 
Vas not carried through till the tleXt Parliament. 

U 2 As . 

1 JsUTBtli ef ihi Comatnt. 

» It piQed the Honfe of Commoni under the Title of Biptf </ 

p-hy Google 

310 7)&^ Parliamentary History 

Qutw HUrj. As this is exprefly againft the Authority of Bifliop 
Burnet, it may be oblerved ^ain that this Hifto- 
lian 19 not always lb exaUt as he ought to be f. 

Another Ai^ was pafled for the Reilitution in 
Slood of Sir fViitiam Parr, late Marquis of Ner~ 
tbamptan, attainted and condemned far aiding and 
alSlling the late Duke of' Nartbumhtrland^ in his 
Support of the Lady Jant Gray. 

Mr. BMumant, a Member of the Houfc of Cam- 
mons, having ferved a Subpxna on the Kail of Htm- 
tingdun in Pari lament- time, the Lords were offend- 
ed ; and, April 1 7, they fent fonie of the Judges to 
A Point of Pti' the Lower Houfe, bringing theSotpxua with them, 
lilcgc. and prayed the Order of the Houfe for that Ofience. 

Atter fome Debate it was reiolved. That eight 
Members of the laid Houfe fbould declare to the 
Lords, That tbty Uoi the executing ibis iVrit to be m 
Brtaeb of Privilege ». 

Tbt PirUameot Maf 5.- The Bills, to the Number of fifteen, 

diSblvcd, being all ready for the Royal AfTent, the Queen 

came to the Houfe and palled them ; and then 

commanded the Lord -Chancellor to dllTolve thi> 


The QjM»n niir- The Marriage being now agreed to by the Con- 
ned M «//-> of ftnt of the ^„l,ole Realm in Parliament, Prince 
^"' Philip landed at Southampton on the 20th Day of 

yuly, and was cfpoufed to the Queen at Winchtjitr 
en the Sjih of the faqie Month, in the Year 1554.; 
after whic^ they were both proclaimed by thefe 
Titles ■: 

PHILIP and MARY, hy the Grace of GoJ, 
King aad^een ^yEngland, France, Naples, Jeru- 
falcm, flii Ireland, Defendert of the Faith; Princes 
tf^Spaintfti^ Sicily; /Ircbduies of Aufkrim Dukesof 
Milan, Burgundy, oniJirabBntiCBBTifie/'Hafpurgi 
Flanders, and Tyrol. 


■ 1 B«r*a-i Refvmtiin, Vol. II. p. 179. 

> From (be Commmmit' Jtunah. 

> Grafiin't Cbrm. fui tec jima. The Proclamitlon, with tbe 
Stilt ia LatiK aod Eaglifiy i« in Rjmr, Tom. XV. p. 174. 

■ i>,Got)^lc 

S^ENGALND. , 31, 

TheSolemnityofthis great Marriage being over, P*''^'>>i"JAf"j- 
and fome other Mattersot State lettlcd, their United 
Majefties thought proper to call a new Parliament 
the next Winter, by Writs bearing Date Sc/>/. 25; WHuiffiKd for 
to meet at iVtIiminfttr on "the i nh of Novembtr* '":- P"'"- 
following. It is to be obferved that in thefe Writs;™"'' 
as well as in the foreffoing Royat Style, the Titid 
of Suprtmt Head ef lit Church was omitted ; tho' 
it was ftill, by Law, united to the other Royal 
Xitles. And this, Btfhtip Burnti obferves, was 
ui^d as a good Reafon for annulling the Statutes of 
this Parliament, in the Beginning of the next 
Reign -, becaufe it was ntit called by a lawful Writ. 

A later Ecclefiaftical Hiftorian *, of the fame 
Times, tells us, ' That the Queen wanting fit Par- 
liament-Men for her Purpofe, fent out her private ■ 
Letters to all the Sheriffs to deal with the People 
for elc<£ting fuch Members as would do her Worlc. 
And, that the Commons might be the better drawn 
to it, they wfere to aflbte the People, that it was 
not the Queen's Intention to take away any Man's 
PolTeflions, many of which cartie to them by the 
DiHolution of Monaderies, or from the Church j 
and to labour to free the People from other Ru- 
mours fpread abroad.' Our Author hath given us 
a Copy of the Queen's Letter on this Occafion, 
which we think very pertinent to thefe Inquiries. 
It is needlefs to obferve to the Reader, that this 
very fame Stretch of the Prerogative had been prac- 
lifed in the laft Reign ; but by comparing King Ed- 
ward's Letters with the following, a very fenfible 
Difference will be found ". 

Cf'RuJly and Will-btlaved, we grett ysa will. -/^wi/TheQueai'aetF- 
■*■ vjhere among othir Matter! for the Prs/perityxcrtoibt&he- 
andCommoditf of nur Realme, we intend principelly'^^^'''*^^^"'^ 
the Reftituiian ef God's Henaur and Glery, wAem ttJ*[,(,5_ 
aiit'owledge our chtif Authar and Htiper, as wellin 
bringing us to the Right of aur Eftate, as alfa in this 
rr.efi ttablt Marnngt, which we have now atchiived ■ 
U 3 and 

• Si'jfi'i Ecifif. tJamriah, Vol. III. p. i^. • 

fr See before, p. i6j. 

p-h»Google — 

312 The Perliameniary Historv 

tbilitMii"3-ttndptrft£ltdy much to ^ur Satiifailim andCinteMla- 

Iian \ andy as tut truji, tf thi rtfl af the gttdiZasMo- 
ic People within eur Ktalmts: These /^// ht la 
tuili and cemm^nd y»u, tbat, far witb/ianding fuch 
^ Maltct as the Drvii workelb by hii Minifiers^ ftr 
tht Mainttuena af Henfits and Siditians, ye n 

tur Behalf, »itaoa\ihJucib atir gtad loving Suijtdtt. 
as ^ Order afaur Writs Jhould, within that Cauntyt 
tboafe Knights, Cits^as, and Burgejfes, ta repair, 
fram thence ta this tur PeriiafBenI, ta be af their In- 
habitants as the Laws require, and afthe wife, gravt 
and Catholic Sort ; fuch as indeed mean the true 
^ma\tr af Gad with the Prafperity af the Commen- 
laialtb; the Advancement whertaf we and aur dear. 
liufband the King do cheifiy pmfefs and intend, 
Viitbaut Alterationaf any particular MasC sPojfeffsons, 
as, amang other falfe Rutniurs, is fpread abraad ta 
hinder aur Gadly Purpafe ; but fuch wauld have their 
iiertfiti rtturn, and the Rtalmf, by thejuji (f^rath af 
Gad, be braugbt to Confufton; fram ■which we have, 
feen the fame marvailiufij delivered ; and mind, by 
Gods Help, and tht Advice of oitr Ceunfellors and 
Efiates afthis our Parliament, ta upbaldandcantinut. 
Requiring J4M, with the reft af the fuflicet of that 
County, ta whamyaujhall alfo fbew and declare theft 
eur Letters, that Spreaders af Rumaurs and Tales may 
hey by their Diligence, fpeidily apprehended, and, 
accarding ta tht Lawaf our Realme,fkarply pimijhed; 
according to tht Ttujl tut have in them, and ai they 
willanfwer far the dut Punifhmint ofthtir Slacknefs 
and remifs Dealing in this Behalf. Yevai, &c. 

What Influence this circular Letter had on the 

'• Kingdom will appear beft by the Sequel. We are 

lir. '°'^ '^'* ^'^ Parliamenf began with a very unufual 

' Solemnity ^, the King and Queen rode down to the 

Houfe, on Horieback, in their Robes of State ; two 

Swords of State and two Caps of Maintenance being 

carried before them. The Swords were borne by 

die Earls of Pembrake and Weflmoreland, and the 

Caps by the Earls of Arundiltaad Sbriwjhury. The 



■ i„ Google 

Sf E N G L A N D. 313 

initial CeremoniesT at the Opening of the ParfU- '*<£)» widaft^. 

ment, are omitted in the Jeumah of the Lortla ; 

but that of the Commons ififorms as, That the Bi- '^ ' 

fllop of WinehtfttT, Lord -Chan eel lor, opened this 

Seffion with a Speech, declaring this Parliament to . 

be called for the Confirmation of true Rdigion and 

other weighty Matters. After which the Com- 

mons chore CUmint Higham, Efqj one of the Privy ^i" "fa- th^ 

Council, to be their Speaker ; who, in an excel- spcika.' 

lent Oration, as it is there called, comparing the 

Body Politic to the Body Natural, introduced the 

three ufual Petitions, for Freedom of Speech, tf<r. 

and was accepted. 

The firft Bill that appeared in the Houfe of Lords C»ri"»l ''•'''• 
was to repeal the Aa of Attainder againft Cardinal ^^1"°*""** 
Pett. It was introduced on the 1 7th of Ntvtmber^ 
pafTed both Houfes on the 21ft, having been read 
thrice by the Commons in one Day, fays Burntti 
but, hy t\icjeuma{s, in two: It had the Royal Af- 
jent on the 22d, the King and Queen being both 
prefcnt on this Occafion. The Reafon of thta 
quiclc Difpatch was, becaufe the Cardinal was then 
arrived in England, as Legate from the Pope, and 
he could not appear in Parliament till by this A&. 
he was reftored to his paternal Eftate and Dignity ; 
from which he had been deprived by an A^ of 
Attainder pafled in the 31ft Year of the Reign of 
Htnry VIII. 

Grafttn tells us. That the Cardinal was received 
with no great Pomp at his Entrance into Landeii ; 
but, bis Attainder being taken off, he foon took 
more State upon him. There had been one Que- 
dion argued in the Houfe of Commons about paf- 
fmg this Bill, Whether it could be done without 
making a Seffion, which would neceffitate a Pro- 
rogation ? It was relblved in the Affirmative, and 
fo the Bill was paffcd. The Reafon fet forth in the 
A& for reverfing this Attainder was, * That it 
' was laid upon the Cardinal, becaufe he would not 
' confent to the unlawful Separation and Divorce 
' between King Htnry and his moft godly, lawful, 
* and virtuous Wife, Queen Katbiriat ; therefore 
* they. 


314 Tie Parliamentary History 

FkiUftaiMtrf f they, confidefing the true and (incere Confcience 

• of th& Cardinal in ihat Point, and his other many 

* godly Virtues and Qualities, did repeal that A^.* 

Matters being thus piemifed, the Cardinal was 
not only redorcd to his State and Dignity as an 
Englijb Nobleman of the Blood Royal, but at Li- 
berty to open hib CommiOion from Rameas a le- 
gate from that See. Accordingly, on the 27th of 
' i^ovember, a MelTage was fent to both Houfes of 
Parliament to come up to lyhitehall, to hear hiii\ 
dehver his Legation, The Reafon that the King 
and Queen did tint come to the Piiiliament-Houle 
in WefiminfltT was, becaufe the Queen was ficlt at 
that Time, fays Grafua, fo the Gnat Chamber in 
the Palace at I^hitihaU was prepaied for that Pur- 
pofe. Here, the King and C^een being feaied 
linder a Canopy, the Cardinal on their Right Hand, 
the BIQiops, Lords, and Commons atttnding, the 
BiOiop of /^rJni-V/^r, Lord-Chancellor, fpake to. 
this iLSed ' : 

My Lordes of ihe Upper Houfe, and you mjr 
Mayflers of ihc Nether Houfc, here prcfent, 

m&xvOf'ih'r.CfV E Right Rivirend Father in God, my Lard. 

\^t-^u^l'L Curdinal?o\t,'Us,Wihiiejt, is come from the 

him to ibe Pir- Apoftslique See ef Runie, uj Ambajfahur lo the King. 

liuDui. end ^tenes Majcjiits, upen ont of the tui'ighueft 

Caufes that evir happened in this Realme, and which 
ferti^mlh la the Glory efCid and. yeure univerfal 
Benefite. The which Amhaffade thtir Majtfiiei PUa- 
fure is to lie fignifyed ante yea all by his owne Mouthy 
truflyag that yeu receyui and accept it in as bene'ue- 
lent and thankful: wije as tl-eir Highnejfes'have done; 
and that yeu will give attentive and incUaeble Eures. 
unto hiiGrace, who is new readie to declare the fame. 

As foon as the Lord- Chancellor had ended, the 
Cardinal ftnod up anil mad<! a long Oration, which 
that old Hiilorian, Grafion, probably was an Kar- 
Witncfs to ; for in his Chronicle, which ends wiih 
, this Reign, he hath reduced this Speech, for Brevi- 
ty's Sake, into fevcral Heads, But MT.'Fexe in his 


Tliii S{iRcI> it c-^'ti, li'traiim from Grs/,u\ Cbit<i.tU, 
f. 13141 to lEiew tlie Orthogiaphji viicioSt Tinici. 

■ i>,Got)^lc 

cf E N G L A N D. 315 

/l£Is and AfanttmenU, the firft Edition of which wasFii^>uilU(r|* 

publilhed in Latin in Queen Mary's Reign ', has 

given us thi» Speech at luae ; It would therefore be 

incon(i{Ient with the.Deugn of iheTe Volumes to 

give an Abridgement of this Difcouife, when the 

Whole may be come at; efpecially when the 

Length of it may well be excufed for the Matter 

there delivered, and that this Speech came from the 

Mouth of the greatefl Ornameot to the Catholic 

Caufe then in Europe. 

My Lsrdi alt, and ytu thai art tht Cemmant cf 
this prefent Parliament ajftmbled, v/h'icb in Ef~ 
/e£l is nothing elfe hut tht State and Body <{f 
the whale Rtaliri, 

* A S the Caufe of my Repair hither bath been The Cudind'i 

* _/"^ moft wifely and gravely declared by my^P"^"*"*- 
< Lord -Chancellor, fo, before that I enter to thOj""''4^'^ 

* Particularities of my Commiflion, I have fome-Popc. 

* what touching myfelf, and to give moft humble 

* and hearty Thanks to the King and Qaeen's 

* Majefties, and, after them, to you all ; which, 

* of a Man exiled and banifbcd from this Com- 
f monwcalth, have reftored me to be a Member 

* of the fame; and of a Man having no Place 

* either here or elfewhere within this Realm, have 

* admitted me in a Place where to fpeak and to be 
^ heard. Ttus I proteft unto you all, that though I 

* was exiled my nativeCountty without juit: Caufe, 
f as God Icnoweth, yet that Ingratitude could not 

* pull from me the AfFe£tion and Defire that I had 

* to profit and do you Good, If the Offer of my 

* Service might have been received, it was never to 

* feek i arKl, where that could not be taken, you 
■^ never failed of my Prayer, nor ever {halt. 

* But leaving the Reheaifal thereof, and coming 

* moie near to the Matter of my CommilHon, I 

* iignify unto you ail. That my principal Travel 

* is for the Rellitution of this Noble Realm to iia 

* antient Nobility, and to declare unto you, that the 
^ See Apoftolic from whence I come hath a fpeci^l 


e HUMfini H!JirU^ Library. 

p:hy Google 

3i6 TZf PariUmentary ttisToRV 

fSaj^iaUfay.1 Rtrpea to this Realm l!b«vt ill otheni and net 

* #ithDutCaufe, feeing that God hiflMelf, as it weie 

* by Providence, haihgiVch this Realm Prerogative 

* of Nobility above others ; ^t^ich to anlcc more 

* plain unto yon, it is to be tonMerett that this 
' ifland, firft of all Iflatxle, received tbe Li^t of 

* ChriJ's Religion ; for, as Stories tefUfy, it waa 

* prima Prtvmciarttm qu^ siirpltjia tfi FidtmC^n€tu 

* The Brims, being Atft Inhabnants of this 
■ Realm, (nstwithftanding the Subjeftion of th» 

* Emperors and Heathen Princes) did receive 

* ChriJFi Faith from ihe Apoftolic S«e wiivcrTaHy, 

* andnotinPartsa8otheTCountrieG,nDrbyoncand 

* one, as Cloclcs increufe theirHours ^ DiAinflion 

* of Times, but all together at once, rs it were in 

* a Moment. But after that their ill Merits, or 

* Forgctfuhsefs of Goii, had deferved Kxpuifion, 

* and that Strai^rs, being Infidels, had poficfled 

* this Land, yet God of his Goodncfe, not leaving 

* where he once loved, fa illuminated the Hearts of 

* the Saxoni, being Heatiien Men, tbat they kribok 

* the Darkneh of Heathen Errors, and embraced 
V* the Light of Chrijl's Religion ; fo that, within a 

* fmall Space, tdolati^ and Heathen Superflition 

* was utterly abandoned in this Ifland. 

* This was a great Prerogative of Nobility, the 

* SeRelit whereof, tho' it be to be afcribed to God, 

* yet the mean Occafion of the fame came from th« 
( Church of Rome ; in the Faith of which Church 

* we have everfitice continued and confented, with 

■ the reft of the World, in Unity of ReligtiMi. 

* And lo fliew further the fervent Devotion of the 

* Inhabitami of this liland towards the Church of 

■ Ramey we road that divers Princes in the Stxtns' 
' Time, with great Travel and Expences, went 

* peffonatly to kffmtj aa Offii and Adaiphus, which 
' thought it not enouE^h to mew themfelves obedient 

* to the (aid See, unlefs that in iheir own Perfons 

* they had gone to that fame Place from whence 

* they had received fo great a Grace and Benefit. 

* in the Time of Careltn Magnus^ whq fiifl 
\ founded the Univeificy of Parity he fcnt into 

p-hy Google 

^ENGLAND. 317 

' Engletid for Akuiimity % fftat learned Man,fU/^*BdH>rr. 

* irbo firft brought Lexrning to ttuc UDiverfity ; 

* whereby rt litetnetli ^m tbe zreatefl Part of the 
f World fetcbcd (he Light of Religion from Eng- 

* land. 

* Adrian IV. beine an SHgHJhmM^ converted 

* Norway from Infidelity ; whtch Adrian after- 
f wards, upon sfcat AffiiSion and Love tbat hf 

* bore to tbis Realm, being his native Country^ 

* gave to Htnry II. King 5f EngiMnd^ the Right 

* and Seigniory of the Dominion of Jrtiand, which 
f pertained to the See of Reatt. 

* I will not rehearfc the manifcdd Benefits that 
f this Realm has received from the Apoftoli? See> 

* nor how ready the fame hath been to relieve us 
f in alt our Neceffities. Nor wiU I rehearfc the 

* manifold Miieries and Calamities that this Realm 
f bath fifffiucd by fwcrving from that Unity. And 

* even as in this Realm, fo alfo in all other Coun- 

* tries which, rcfufing the Unity of the Catholic 

* Faith, have followed fantaftical Dodhine^ the 

* like Plagues have happened. Let Afia and the 
^ Empire of Gruci be a SpcAaclc unto the World, 

* who, by fwerving from the Unity of the Chutcti 

* of Rome, are brought into Captivity and Subjec- 

* tion of the Turi. All Stories be full of like 
^ Kxatnples ; and, to come unto ttie later Time, 
1 look upon our Neighbours in Germany, who, 
' by fwerving ftom tbis Unity, are miferably af- 

* flt£tcd with Diverfity of &t&Sj and divided into 

* FafUons. 

* What, fball I rehearfc unto you the Tumulu 

* and EfFufion of 'Blood that hath happened there 

* of late Days I Or trouble. you with theRchearfal 

* of thofe Plagues that have happened fincc this In- 

* novation of Religion, whereof you have fcit the 

* Bitternefs, and I have heard the Report i Of all 

* which Matters I can fay no more, but fuch was 
' the Mifery of the Time. And fee how far forth 

* this Fury went j for thofe that live under the Turi 
' may freely live after theiiConfciences, and fo was. 
1 it not lawful here. 

«If ■ 

■ i>, Google 

3 1 8 The Parliamentary History 

Tkiiifu^aaarj. « If Men examine well upon what Grounds t^eft 
' f'Innovacions began, ihey flialt welt find ihst the 

* Root of this, as of many other Mifchiels, was 

* Avarice j and the Lurt and carnal ASn^ion of 

* one Man confounded all Laws both divine and 

* human. And, notwithfijiiding all thefe Devices 

* and Policies pra^ifed within ibis Realm againft 

* the Church of Romt^ they needed not to. have 

* lofl you, but thac they thought rather as Friends 
' to teconcile you, than as Enemies to infeft you; 

* for there wanted not great Offers of the moft 

* mighty Potentates in all Europe to have aided the 

* Church in that Quarrel. I'hen marit the Sequel : 

* There feemed, by ihefe Changes, to rife a great 

* Face of Riches and Gain, which in Proof came to 

* great Mifory and Laclc. See how God then can 

* confound the Wifdom of the Wife, and turn un- 
*ju{l Policy to meer Folly; and that Thing which 

* feemed to be done for Relief, was Caufe of plain 

* Ruin and Decay. Yet fee that'Goodnefs of God, 
' which at no Time failed us, but moft benignly 

* offered his Grace, when it was of our Parts Icaft 

* fought, and worfe deferved. 

' And when all Licht of true Religion feemed 

* utterly extin^, the Churches defaced, the Altars 

* overthrown, the Minifters corrupted, even like 

* as in a Lamp, l^e Light being covered, yet it is 
' not quenched ; even foin a few remained the Con- 

* feflion of Chrift'% Faith; namely, in the Breaft 
f of the .Queen's Excellency ; of whom, to fpeab 

* without Adulation, the Saying of the Prophet 

* may be verified, Rett quafl deriUSia! 

* And fee how miraculoufly God of bts Good- 

* nefs preferved her Highnefr, contrary to the £x- 

* pedtation of Man, that when Numbers confpired 

* againfl her, and Policies were dcvifed to difinherit 

* her, and. armed Power prepared to deftroy her, 

* yet fhe being a Virgin,- hetplefs. naked, and un- 

* armed, prevail'd, andhad the Viflory of Tyrants; 
" wt.ich is not to be afcribed to any Policy of Man, 

* but to the almighty Goodnefs and Providence 

* of God, to whom the Honour is to be given. 


■ i>, Google 

o/ E N G L A N D. 319 

* And therefore it may be faid. Da Gloriam Dto.Pbihf*aiM»r]- 

* For in Man's Judgment, on her Grace's Part, 

* was nothing in Appearanc'e but Dcfpair, 

» And yet for all thcfe Praflices and Devices of 
< ill ^4en, here you fee her Grace eftablifhed in her 

* Ellate, being youi lawtu) Queen and Governefs, 
' born among you, whom God hath appointed to 
' reign over you for the ReAitution of true Religion, 
*. and Extirpation of all Errors and Sefls, And to 

* confirm her Grjice the more flrongly in this En- 

* terprize, io! howtheProvidenceof God hath join- 
' cd her in Marriage with a Prince of like Religion ; 

* who, being a King of great Might, Armour, and 

* Force, yet ufeth' towards you neither Armour nor 

* Force, but fceketh you by the Way of Love and 

* Atnnji in which Refpe£t great Caufe you have to 

* give Thanks to Almighty God, that hath fent you 

* fuch a Catholic Governefs. it ihall be therefore 

* your Part again to love, obey, ami fcrve them. 

* And as it was a Angular Favour of God to con- 

* joiil them in Marriage, fo it is not to be doubted 
' but that he {hall fend them liFue, for the Comfort 
' and Surety of this Commonwealth. 

' Of all Princes in fixM^f the Fmperorhathtra- 
< veiled mofl in the Caufe of Religion, as it ap- 

* peareth by his Aifis inGermany, yet happily, by 

* fome fecret Judgment of God, he hath not at- 
' chieved the End. With whom in my Journey 

* bitherwatds I had Conference touching my Lega- 

* tion ; whereof when we had Underftanding, he 

* Ihewed a great Appearance of moft earnelt Joy 

* andGladnefs, faying. That il rejoiced him no lets 

* of the Reconcilement of this Realm unto Chriftian 
' Unity, than that his Son was placed by Marriage 

* in the Kingdom ; and moll glad he was of all, 

* that the Occafion thereof Oiould come by me, be- 

* ing an Bnglijhman born ; whith is (as it were) to 

* call home ourfelves. I can well compare him to 

* Daviiii who though he were a Man elefl of God, 

* yet, for that he was contaminate with Blood and 
' War, he could not build the Temple of Jcrufa- 

' Um, but left the finifhing thereof to SsUman, ■ 


320 The FarUamentary HiSTORr 

tmfmiidtr). * which was Rt* paeificus. So may it be thoughf^ 

* that theappeafing of Controverfies of Rriigion in 

* Chriftianky U not appointed to (his Emperer^ 

* but rather to his Son, who (ball petfbrm the 

* Building that ht& Father had bsgun. Wbick 
' Church cannot be perfedUy builded, unlds uni- 

* vetf^Iy in all Realms we adhere to one Head, 

* and do acknowledge him to be the Vicar of Go<t, 

* and to have Power ftoia above ; for all Power 

* is of God, according to the Saying, Non ift Ptttfi- 

* taif mift a lUf : And therefore I conlider tbaC 

* ail Power beiiig in God, yet, for tbc Conferva- 

* tion of quiet aqd godly Life in the World, he 

* hach-derived that Power from above iuo the Parta 

* here in Eattb ; which is, into the Power Impc- 

* rial and £cctefia{Hcal. And thele two Powersy 

* as they be fevcral and diftind, (o have they tw« 

* feveral Eitis^s and Operations : For SccBlar Prin- 

* ces, to whom the Temporal Swocd is commutod, 

* be Miniflers of God to execute Vengeance upon 

* Tranfgreflbrs and Evil-ltvcrs, and to prefervc the 

* Welt-doers and Innocents from Injury and Vios 

* lence. Which Power is reprefented in thefe two 

* mofl excellent Perfons, the King and Qiteen's 

* Majefly here prefent, who have this Power cam* 

* milled to them immediately from GoJ, without 

* any Superior in that Behalf. . 

* The other Power Is of Miniflration, which is 

* the Power of the Keys, and Ordei in llw Ecde- 

* fiaHical State ; which is by the Authority of God's 

* Word, and Examples of the ApoAles, and of alt 

* old Holy Fathers irom Chriji hitherto, Kitributed 

* and given to the Apoflolic See of Rtmi ^ fpc- 

* cial Prerogative. From which Seel am here de' 

* puted Legate and AmbafTador, bawing full and 

* ample Commi&on from tbencCi uid have Ibe 

* Keys committed to my Haada- I co«£afs to yoil 

* I have the Keys, not as mine own Keys, but as 

* the Keys of htm that fent me,' aod yet cannot 

* open ; not for Want of Power in ne to give, 

* but for certain Impedimenta in you to receive^ 

* which muft be taken away before my Conmifliotf 


•/•ENGLAND. 321 

* can Uke EffeSL This 1 proteft bcfera yea, my PtrntniM^yt, 
» CemiDiffion is not of Prejudice to any PerfoiJ. I 

* cxHne not to defhoy, but to build ; I come to re> 

* concile, not to condemn ) I am not coma to com- 

* pal, but to call again ; I am not coma to call any 

* Thing in QueAion already done ; but my Com- 

* miffion is <rf Grace and Clemency to iiich as will 

* ivceive it : For touting all Matters thai be paft, 

* th«y fhall be as Things caS into the Soa of For- 

* getfultM&. 

* But the Mean whereby you fiiall r^eive thii 

* Benefit, is to revoke and repeal thofe Laws and 

* Statutes which be Impediments, Blocks, and Bars 

* to the Execution of my CommllSon : For like aa 
« I myfell had neither Place nor Voice to fpeak hero 

■ amdngyou, but was in all Refpefh 9 baniftint. 

* Man, till fuch Time as ye had repealed thofa 

■ Laws that lay in my Way ; even fo cannot you 

* receive the Benefit and Grace oficrsd fFom the 

* ApoAolicSee, UQtili the Abrogation of fuch Laws, 

* whereby you have disjoined and diflevercd your- 

* felves from the Unity of Chris's Church. 

* It remaincth therefore that you, like true Chii- 

* ftians and provident Men, for the Weal of your 

* Souls and Bodies, ponder what is to be done in this 
< fo weighty a Caufc ; and fo to frame your Ai5U 

* and Proceedings, as they m»y firft tend lo th? 
' Ghtry of God, and next to the^onfervation of 

* your Commonwealth, Surety, and Quietncfs.' 

The next Day the whole Court of Parliament 
drew up (he Form of Supplication, u- Petition; and 
the Day after the King and Queen, with the Peers 
andComnwAefs, being again a&mbled, the Biffaop 
of IVimchifitr (herd declared what the Parliament - 
had determiiMd, conc^fllng the Cardin^'s Requcft, 
and picfented their Majetbes the bid Petition } a 
Copy whttc^ foUowetb : 

W^rfi ibt Ltrds Spiritual and Ttmperai, and tht The PetWon <f 
'''^ Cemmtns^ in this preftnt Parllamtmt a£imbUd, ^' P'rli»m«n, 
rtfttfemting tht whalt Btdie ef the Rtalmt of Eng- s"ra» for^ 
land and Dtmimans efthifamt^ in tbi N«mt 9f*ur- ftR PrwRdiai* 

filvei »8""nft ite Pope. 

p-hy Google 

J22 The PafUa^eataiy History ' 

FtilifviiMmty.felvts particularlj, atidalji tfthefayd Bedit untv^f- 
/ally, offtr this our moji humble Supplicatioa te you^ 
MajiftitSf totbisEnde and EffeS^ that the Jamr, kf 
yturGraci'slntirciffiBnand A3tan,may he exhibited ta 
the Meft Reverend Father in Gad, the Lard Cardinal 
Pole, Legate^ fent fptciallf hither from tur MaJlHaiy 
Father Pope Julius III. and the Ute Jpefit^que of 
Rome, vaheriin we do declare turfehes very forrf 
and repentaunt of the long Schifme and Difobedieiie/ 
eemmiited in this Realme, and the Deminieni ef tbt 
•fame, again/l the faid See Apajieliqui ; eythcr by ma- 
king, agreeing, or executing ef any Lawes, Ordi- 
naunees, and Cemmaundementi, agaynfl the Primacf 
ef the f^me See ; or otherwife dsyng er fpeaiing ihat 
might impugne or prejudice the fame : Offering qut- 
felves and pramijing by this our Supplication, that, for' 
a Token and Knawlege of thii our fayd Repeatanct., 
toe be, andfhall be ever, readie, under and tuiib tbi 
Jtutharilies ofyaur Majejiits, to the uttermofl of tur 
Power, ta do that fhall lye in us, far the Jbregatian 
and repealyng afall the fayd Latuei and Ordinaunctt^ 
made ar enaiied to the Prejudice of the See Apofigliquti 
as.vjtllfor eurfelves as for tht whale Bodie whom we 
reprefent. Whereupon moft humbly we befeech yeur 
Majeftits.,as Perfonagtsundefilea in tbeOffenceaftbit 
Bedie lewardi the fayd See, tttbich nevertbeUJs God, 
by his Providence, hath made fubjeH tayou,fo ta fei 
faarth this our humble Suyte^ as y/e the rather, byyaur 
Interceffian, moye obtein from the See Apoftolique, hj 
thtfaydeMoJl Reverend Father, as will perticuierly as 
' generaly, Abfolutisn, Reteafe, and, Difcharge from 

all Daungers of fuch Cenfurts and Sentences as, by 
tbt Lawes of the Church, we be fallen into. And 
thai we may, as Children repentaunt, be receyved intg 
the Bofeme andUnitie of Chii&es Church, fa at tbu 
liable Realme, with all the Members thereef, may, he 
this Unilie and perfeSi Obedience to the Set Apofio- 
, Uque and Popes, for the Tyme being, ferve God and 

yourAdajeJiies ta the Furtheraunce andAdvaunctment 
of his Honour and Glsrie. Amen. 

Thia humble Petition, which plainly {hews that 

theic was not then one Member in either Houfe 



^ENGLAND. 323 

*Hat chofe to die a Martyr for Religion, being firftPfa'ftif MdjWarjf. 
openly read, the fame was delivered by the Chan-^ 
Cetlor to the King and Queen, with a Requeft to 
them, that they w^ould give it to the Lord Car- 
dinal. Their Majellies, rifing olF their Seats and 
doing Reverence to the Cardinal, did deliver the faid 
Petition to him j who, (lercelving the Effeft there- 
of to anfwer his Enpedlation, received it mod 
^adly at their Hands ; and then^ after that he had 
in few Words given Thanlts unto God, and de- 
clared what gi-eat Caufe he had, above all others, 
to rejoice that his coming from Rame into England 
had taken fuch a happy Turn,' he caufcd his Com- 
mifBon to be read, by which it might appear that 
he had Authority from the Pope to abfolve them. 
The CommilSon was. very long and large ; which 
beingended, and all the Parliament, both Lords 
Bnd Commons, on their Knees, the Cardinal, \rf 
the Pope's Authority, gave them Abfolution, as 
follows ; 

OVR. Lorrf JefusChrift, xoUch with his moji prici-'C"'^^^ ^''•'* 
. ous Bkud hath redttmed and wajhed us from ^// Ahfoluuon. 
our Sins and Iniquities, that he might purchaji to him- 

Jelf a ghrinus Spoufe, without Spot or iVrinkle, and 
wbome the Father hath appointed Head over ail hit 
Church ; He, by bis Mercy, ahfolve you ; and w*, 

. iy the jlpojiolique Authority given unto us by the meft 
Hah Lord Pope Julius III, his Vicegerent in Earthy 
do abfotvt and deliver you, and every of you, with the 
whale Realme and the Dominions thereof, from all 
kerefie and Schifme^ and from all and every Judg- 
ments, Cenfures, and Paynes, for that Caufe incur- 
red. And alfo we doe rejlore you agayne to the Unitlt 
of the Holy Church, as in our Letters ofCommiJpeit 
mere plainely Jhali appere, in the Name of the Father ^ 
the Sonne, and the Ualie Ghojie. Amen. 

After this general Abfolution was fo given and 
received, the King, Queen, and all the Lords, with 
the reft, went into the King's Chapel, and there 
fung Tt Deum, wiih great Joy and Gladnefs, fof 
this new Reconciliation, X the 


324 The Parliamentary History 

rhliftaiSUr,. The fame Author tells us. That the News of thU 
Hew with great Speed to Rame, as well by the 
^r#nfj6 King's Letters, as by the Cardinal's. Where- 
upon the Pope caufed feveral folemn Proceffions to 
be made ihere ; particularly one, at which he and 
' all his Cardinals were prcfent, with the utmoft 

Pomp and Solemnity, giving Thanks to God with 
great Joy for the Converfion of England to the 
Church. The Pope alfo did not a little commend 
the great Diligence of Cardinal /'«/«, and (he Devo- 
tion ol the King and Queen ; and, on Chriftmat 
Eve next following, he fet forth his Bulls of a ge- 
neral Pardon to ail fuch as did rejoice in the faid 
Reconciliation. And farther, bccaufe this great 
Work was done on St. Andrew's Day, the Cardinal 
procured a Decree, or Canon, to be made in the 
Convocation of Bilbops and Clergy, that from 
thenceforth the Feafl of St. Andrevi fhould be kept 
in the Church of England for a Majus duplex^ as 
the Ritual calls it, and celebrated with as much So- 
lemnity as any other in the Year ^, 

We have chofe to cxtrafl this whole Affair at 
large out of the contemporary Hiftorians before- 
mentioned, confirmed by the Journals ai both 
Houfes, as the fatrefl Way to lay this important 
Bufinefs before the Public at this Time. Every 
one is at Liberty to make their own Attimadvcr- 
lions upon it, fince it is a Turn not to be parallel'd 
in the Hiflory of this or any other Kingdom: 
and yet is fo little taken Notice of by our modern 
Hiflorians, efpecially by Mr. Rapin, that he has 
curtaii'd this whole Account in (he Compafs of 3 
Dozen Lines, for Reafons very obvious to guefs 

The next Thing the Parliament went upon was 
to teftify their grateful Senfe of the Cardinal's Abfo- 
lution : And accordingly, on t\\t bl\i of December, 
a Committee of fix Peers and three Bilhops were 
appointed to confer with certain of the Lower 
Houfe, f^r ihe drawing up a Bill touching the 
Repeal of certain Statutes. This 

p-hy Google 

ef E N G LA N D. 34J 

*rhis Conference was carried on till the 2otli, ani Pi»l^'om^. 
ton that Day a Bill was read the firft Time, in the 
Houfe of Ixjrds, with this Title, A Bill for the Re- 
peal of certain ASis made againji the Supremaci of 
the See tf Rome. It was read a fecomi Tjme on 
Chri/fmai-Dayi a Day we have never found a Par- 
liament fitting on before ; but it may be fuppofed 
that they thought they could ofier no higher Ob- 
lation to Chri/t, on that Feftiva!, than to repeal *" ^^^ '^'"'^ 
thofe Laws which had Ihm his Vicar out of this^t "f* "f™" 
Kingdom. No other Bufmefs was done on that 
Day. On the 26th of Dcitmber the Bill was read 
a third Time, and palfed with the Confent of the 
whole Houfe, the Bifliop of Landon only dtfTenting; 
the Realbn of which will appear in the Sequel. The 
Title to the Bill, on its paffing this Houfe. was, A 
Sill for repealing all Sfatuies, Articles, and Pro- 
vifres made agairtji the See Apaftoliqiit of Rome, 
fmce the loth Year of King Henry VIII. and for the 
Bftoblijhmmt of all Spiritual and Ecclefiaflical Pof- 
/ejjians and Hereditaments conveyed to the Laity. 

The Commons took lefs Time to conlider of 
this Bill, tho' fome Alteration was made by them 
in it ; for, on the 4th of January, the Bill was 
returned to the Lords, wiih two new Provifoes 
added thereto. They fent aHb a Requell, That 
two Claufes, containing twenty Lines, concerning 
the Bilhopof London,' the Lord Wenfworth, &c. 
Should be clearly put out : Whereupon the Claufes 
were read, and one of them, by reafon of the Pen- 
ning being difliked by the Houfe, another to the 
fame Efteia was drawn; which, being threeTimes 
read, was agreed unto by the whole Houfe, except 
the Vifcount Montacate, and the Biftiops of London 
and Coventry, who dlflei.ted. Then the Bill was 
fcnt again to the Commons, where being alfo thnce 
lead, and agieed unto, it was brought up once more 
as an Aft fully alTented to by both the Houfes. 
Xhe fournal takes Notice, that the twenty Lines 
of the Lord Wenlvjorlh^s Provifo, relating tci fome 
T^ands he had from the Bifhopric of London,' were 
not crazed, nor taken out of the A£t j but that the 
X 2 Chan- 

p-hy Google 

326 The Parliamentary IJistoay 

fmfmtiMtry. Chancellor, in the Sight of all the Lords, with a 
Knife, cut them out of the Parchment ; faying, 
N»ui I d» rightly the Office of a Chancellor'. 

It is not mentioned in the Journal that this ex- 
traordinary Amputation was done by any Order of 
the Houfc ; but it muft be fuppofed fo ; otherwife 
it cannot be thought the Parliament would have 
confented to fo unlimited -a Power in the Lord- 
Chancellor,* a,s to raze or cut out Provifoes at his 
own Pleafure. 

- The Purport of this Aft was, to declare their 
former Schifm from the See of Rami, and their Re- 
conciliation to it now; and upon which all AAi 
pailcd, fince the 20tb of Henry VIIL againft that 
See, were particularly enumerated and repealed; 
And, in order to remove all Grudges that might 
afterwards arife, the ParJiament'defired the Lord 
Cardinal to intercede with the Pope, that the fol- 
lowing Articles might, by his Authvrity, be efta- 

I. ' That all fiiflioprics. Cathedrals or Colleges, 
now fettled, might be confirmed for ever. 

II. * That Marriages, made within fuch Degrees 
as are not contrary to the Law of God, but only 
to the Laws of the Church, might be confirmed^ 
and the IlTue hy them declared legitimate. 

III. * That all Inftitutiuns into Benefices might 
be confirmed. 

IV. < That all -judicial Proceffes might be alfo 

V. And laflly, • That all the Settlements of the 
Lands, belonging to any Biftioprics, Monafleries, 
or other Religious Houfes, might continue as they 
were, without any Trouble by Ecdefiaflical Cen- 
fures or Laws. It was alfo declared. That all Suita 
about tbefe Lands were only to be in the Queen's 
Courts, and not in the Ecdefiafllcal ; and if any 


( AlludloE, tiT WiyofPnn, we fuppol'e, tD canrrWig oC Vfii. 

tings; b<ic Ctaniilhr, fioni liit. Fnaua-CaaUc, Cba«ahir, bu ■ 
quite different Signification. Ncmrn itdr accipii futd thm fian fit 
foliai, intra CioteUoi. ad taifiiida icrom DifiJirU, j«i ad Prig- 
lifim Sffflicatiotin has ftr ilhm dtftrri tufieianl. Fiaacild 
Junii Etymtlng. Anglic. /«* Vm Oiiiicelloi. 


{/■ENGLAND. 327 

ftould, upon che Pfctencc of any Church-Aatho-''i'''>"»i'"''>'cjp, 
rilies, difturb the Subjefls in their PolTeffions, they 
were to incur a Priemunirt* It was declared in 
this Aft alfo, That the Title of Suprtme Head ne- 
ver of Right belonged to the Crown ; yet all Wri- 
tings wherein it was ufed were ftill to continue in , 
Force; but that hereafter all Writings fhould be 
of Force, in which, either fince the Queen's coming 
to the Crown, or afterwards, that Title Ihould be, 
or had. been omitted. It was alfo declared that 
Bulls from Rome might be executed ; and, for en- 
couraging any to beftow what they pleafed on the 
Church, the Statutes of Mortmain were repealed 
for twenty- Years to come. 

We have now given a pretty large AbftraA 
from this remarkable Statute of Repeal; the Aft 
itfelf is very long, containing no Claufes, or 
Sedtions, as appears in the printed Boole of Sta- 
tutes. Upon the whole, it fliews plainly that the 
Church and Abbey-Lands were not then redeem- 
able by a Popifh Prince, even fo near their firft 
Alienation. And further, that thefe Lands, were 
, the real Bait which drew on the Reformation : 
For it is plain, by the Conduct of both Lords 
xnd Commons in this Parliament, that let theni 
have but PofTeifion of thefe Lands, and they cared 
not a Straw what Religion was uppermofl ; lincc 
now the Pillars of the Reformation, which had 
been above thirty Years ill ereifting, were, by ' 
this Queen and her Parliament, thrown down in 

We are told, by one Hiflorian '", that the Bot- 
tom of the Pope's Indulgence, or Difpenfations of 
thefe Abbey-Lands, was, that the ParhamentOiould 
give him an Equivalent in reftoring to him his Su- 
premacy and Authority over the Englijh Church, 
That, even whilH this Bill was umler Debate, the 
Parliament difpatched an Exprefs to Rome, ac-ButthePurrb»fei 
quainting the Pope plainly, that boih Lords and "o^^^^;''"*' 
Commons would grant nothing in his Behalf, lin- 
]efs he would confirm their Purchafes of Abbey 
X 3 and 

i. Sirjfi'i Seilijufiiciil Mimrialf, Vol. Ill, p. iGi; 

■ i>» Google 

328 ^r&e Parh'amentary History 

eiiSt»aAU"ya.r\4 Chaniry-Lands, So fair a Bargain, adds ht, 
V<ts driven between them. 

Dr. Heylin remarks, * That the Queen had nei* 
thcr Eloquence to perfuade, nor Power enough to 
awe, tEie Parliament to this Concelfion : But, adds 
he, nothing hindered the DeTign moie than a ge- 
neral Fear, that if the Popes were once relloTed to 
their former Power, the Church might challenge 
KcHicution' of their former PoflefEona. Do but . 
iecure them from that Fear, then Pope and Cardi- 
nals might come and welcome. And he obfcrvc* 
they had a fufficient Security for their Fannies, by 
a Promife under-hand, both from the King, Queen, 
and Cardinal Legate, who knew right well that the 
Church-Lands had been fo chopped and changed 
by the two laft Kings, as not to be rellored with- 
out the manifefi Ruin of many of the Nobility, 
and moll of the Gentry, who were inveftcd in the 
feme '.* 

Laflly, the contemporary Hiftorian before quo- 
ted tells us, Thatthe Pope's moa liberal Bull,^ be 
terms it, for a Difpenfition of Abbey-Lands, being 
now confirmed by Parliament, it gave great Com- 
fort to many, who were nut without j uft Sufpicions 
that this new Union might caufe them to lo^ fomc 
pf their late cheap Purchafes ^. 
ThefonnnASi ^''^ '° fhe\y ftill more plainly how eager the 
i^iiuft Htrefy Houfe of Commons were to remunerate the Pope 
nvived. ^(j the Queen for thefe extraordinary Favours, a 

Bill was begun and carried thro' that Body for re- 
viving the Statutes made by Richard 11. Htttrj IV. 
and Henry V. againft Heretics. Jt was brought 
into the Houfe of Lords on the 15th of Dtcembiert 
and pall'ed there on the iSih, ntmine cantradicentt^. 
The Commons alfo pafled and fcnt up another 
Bill to the Lords, for annulling all Leafes made 
by married Priefts. Bifhop Bamtt tells us, that 

, i Hy,V.^.«-M»y. p.4.. 

k Cra/m't Cbrtm. fub hx Anno. 

1 The Bill ro levive ihrn bM k,(\s.-B!x. Anns ^Siiierjn. 
Apih I hr-ry IV. anri Wmio i Hwy V, foi PuniOunent of Hr- 
^vliei, vtn brought in on the txtb of Dicemtcr, and palled oa tlM 
)^l:h. CmuHBt' JaaraaU 

■ i,,Goo'^lc 

jf E N G L A N D. 3S9 

this Bill «3s much argued in the Lower HoufeiP*i''>>o4JM;jrjt. 
that the iirft Oriiught w^s rejeiSed, but a new one 
approved on, and Tent up to the Lords on the 19th 
of Dtcember : But they, finding it would fhake a 
great Pait'of [he Right of Church-Leafea that i^ere 
made by married Priefh and Bilhops, hid it alide. 

By a ftri£t Search in the Jaurnah of the Houfe 
of Lords, in Die ad Ditm, for this SelSon of Par- 
liament, we can tind no Account of this Bill 
brought up to that Houfe, either on the Day be- 
ibre-mentioned, or on any other. It is true that, 
on the 7th of January, a Bill was fent up by the 
Commons, touching Leafes hereafter to be made 
by Spiritual Perfons; which paiTed into a Law: 
But then this Statute, which is printed, does not 
affeft married Priefts more than others, and is not 
to the Purpofe the Right Reverend Author fpeaks of. 

'By they aurna/s of the Commons we find that a 
Bill to avoid Leafes made by married Priefts of their 
Benefices, was read a firft Time on the 23d of Ne- 
vember ; arid that it continued before that Houfe till ' 
Decembtr 8, when U had a fifth Reading. On the 
19th of the fame Month a Bill with the fame Title, 
but marlced nova, was read only once, and fent up 
to the Lords, with another Bill, hy Mr, S. Bourne. 
What became of it in that Houfe we know not; 
however this Circumilancc ferves the Prelate to 
make the following fmart Refledliun : 

' Thus did this fervile and corrupted Houfe of 

* Commons run fo faft, that the Bifhops themfelves 
' were forced to moderate their Heats. They all 

* underftood how much the Queen was fet upon 

* haying the Church raifcd as high as could be, and 

* faw there was nothing fo etFe£tual to recommend 

* any to her Favour, as to move high in thefc Mat- 

* ters : And though their Motions were thought , 

* too violent, and rejeiiied, yet their Affediona 

* were thereby difeovered, fo that they knew they 

* (bould be looked on as Men deeply engaged itt 
» thefc Interefts "".' 

n Buriaft Bifermiht, Vol. 11, p. ij6> 

p -hfGoogle 

330 ^s Parliamentary History 

ptilifwiMtrj. A Bill for nnaking certain OfFenccs, there fp9-t 
cified, to bcTjeafon, and a!fo for the Govcra- 
ment of the King's and Queen's Majeftles IITue, 
had been debated by the Conunons for fpveral 
Cays, yanuary 14, it w^s read a fourth Time Ift 
that Houfe ; was palTed and fent up to the Lords 
by Mr. Comptroller, where it was made a Statute. 
The A& fets forth, ' That it {hall be High Ttea- 
Ifcw Afti ret»-' fon to compafs the Death of the King or the 
tins ioT«»foni t Queen, or to deprive either of them of the Kin^y 

* (lonour of (his Realm ; or to afTert that any 

* oEher thap they, or the Heiis of her Body* 

* ought to be King or Q^ieen. It was alfo enaiS-. 

* ed, That (incc the Pailijment had petitioned ihft 
' King, that if tlie Queen died leaving Iffue, he 

* would take on him the Government of them. 

* till they came of Age, to which he had alTented; 

* therefore, if the Queen died before her Children 
' came of Age, the Government of the Kingdodt 

* Ihould be in the Kitig's Hands i if il was a Son^ 

* till he was eighteen; if a Daughter, fifteen 

* Years of Age ; And, in all that Time, the con- 

* fpiring his Death was to be Tftafon. All Wit- 

* nefles were to be binught before the Parties 
•accufed; and none wire to be trie^ for any 

* Words, but within fix Months after they were 

* fpoken.' 

On the lad Day of the Seflinn a Bill was brought 

vp from the Commons, intituled, An A^ for the 

Punijhment of traiterous IVords againjl ike ^een's 

Majejlfs Perfon. It feems that Information had 

To trutennt. been give^ that Tome Heretical Preachers had pray'd 

WonJi; jn thejf Conventicles, That God would turn tbf 

Queen's Heart fr,om Idolatry to the true Faith, or 

elfe jhortin her Days^ and take her quickly out of 

the Way", All therefore that fo pray'd for taking 

away the Queen's Life, their Procurators, and 


1" The Cife via thLi : bus Re^t, i Clereymin, ind .bout thirty 
bonell Citiieni mait. u ftxi calJi them weit appreheoded in a 
Mceiing-Haufe in Bcvr Cburcb-Taril, and [omniittcd. Befi waV 
pravfd (D have mideUfe of (hi> Exprcilisn in hiiPrajrn-, CtlUir'\ 
Ecclt_^pcal B'Jisrj, Vol.ll. p. J75. 


«/• E N G L A N D. 331 

Abettors, lliould be adjudged as Traitors : Biit, iffil/iftaifiterf, 
they fhewed themlelves penitent for fuch Prayers* 
ihey wete not to be condemned of Treafon, but put 
to lonie corporal Punifhment, at the Judge's Oifcrc- 
tion. It is remarkable, that this Bill was pafTed 
in great Haflei for it was thrice read in the Houfe 
of Lords on the i6th of "Janmryy the Day the 
Parliament was diflblved. ^ 

ThelaftAiSl that we fhall particularly fpeak of is 
intituled, in- the Statute- Baaiiy An AStfor the Pu~ And MrCta^ 
nijhment offeditieus Words and Rumours. By this Rumoun, 
it was ordained, That the Statutes of the 33d of Ed- 
ward I. and the 5th of Richard 11- to the foregoing 
Purpofe, fliould be confirmed. ' That Juftices of 

* the Peace, in every Shire, City, (^c, Ihalt have 

* Authority to hear and determine the faid Offences, 

* and put the faid two Statutes in Execution. If 

* ahy ipread fuch Reports of the King or Queen, 
^ they were to be fet on a Pillory, and Pay lOoi 
' or have their ^ars cut ofF, and be three Months 
f Prifoners. They were alfo to pay too Marks, 
f and fufFer one Month's Imprifonment, or l.ofe 

* one iLar, though they had Authors for thefe 

* Reports, if they fpoke them malicioufly. If any 
' fhall do it by Book, Rhyme, Ballad, or Letter, 
' he (hall have his Right Hand ftricicen ofF. And, 

* laftly, if any Perfon, being once convi<5ted of 

* the OfFences aforefaid, do afterwards offend, he 

* (hall be imprifoned during Life, and forfeit allhis 

* Goods and Chattels. Provided always. That 

* they be proceeded againfl within three Months 
' after the Words fo fpoken.' 

In the printed Book of Statutes only feventeen 
Afls arc given for this SeiEon ; in the journals are 
the Titles of twenty-one. The Rcafon is, That 
the private AiSs are not taken Notice of in the Sla- 
tute-Boois. What are here, to be added, befides the 
Reflitution in Blood of Cardinal Pole, is one for re- 
Veifing the Attainder and Oullawties of Richard 
pate, William Peyto, and others ; with that for th? 
f otitirmaiion of the Attainders of the late Duke nf 

n*,7P-hy Google 

33* ^the ParUamentary History 

J>U^udX£n7. Suftik, tff. mentioned in the Courfe of the !aft 
Parliament. Rhhard Pett'Uid been attainted un- 
der Htiiry VIII. for taking the Bilhopfic of ff'or- 
C/^«r from the Pope, and excepted out of every gene- 
ral Pardon fince j but had now his See oiWarcifler 
reftared to him. H^illiam Pejit, a Carthufian Monk, 
was attainted, and forced lo Hy the Realm, under 
the fame King, for publjcicly defending, in his Ser- 
fDons, Queen Katherine's Caufe againft Htnrj, 

There wai a Bill palTed, and fent up by the Com- 
mons to the Lords, to punifli the Abfencc of the 
Knights and Burgefles of Parliament, in the Time 
cf Parliament; but after the firft Reading it was hid 
afide, tha' fur what Reafon we know not. This 
Bill was brought in every Parliament during the lalV 
King's Reign and this, but never pafied. Lallly, 
An Afi was made, confirming that of the 22d of 
Htnry VIII. which required Perfons calling them- 
fcIvee£'^ji^f(aBr,[G(/yJ<j]upon PainofForfeitureof 
their Goods, to depart the Kingdom. The prefent 
AA made it Felony for any Egyptian to remain a 
Month in England; and forbids the bringing riiem 
into the Realm under the Penally of Fony Pounds. 
£ut, notwithftanding this, and many more fcvere 
Afts made fince againft this Set of Vagabonds, 
ihey have never been clearly rooted out to this 

The Prime Minifter, Gardiner, having now, tt> 
tiis no fmall Satisfaction, carried all his Schemes 
through both Houfcs, for the Reftoration of the 
Church, and Security of the Government, thought 
proper to put an End to this Parliament : Accord- 
ingly, on the 1 6th of January ", the Queen came 
to the Houfe, and, ha*ing fceptered the A£ts, iho 
Lord-Chancellor, by her Majefty'sCommand,dif- 
ibtved it. But we muft not omit that, the Day be- 
fore this DiiToluiion, a general and folemn Procef- 
fion was made through the City of London, from 
St. PauFs, lo give God Thanks for their Conver- 
fion to the Catholic Church; whereirt were ninety 

> F«H, Hryliii. >nd CtWrr make it the »6lli j but ttis&divip 
j«iti ud the 'Jnimeli Ity the i&Ul< 

p:hy Google 



Crofies, ii6 Pricfts and Clerks, each attired iRhi3P^''{piniM«7t 
Cope i and after them eight Bifliops in their Pon' 
tijitalibusy followed by Bonntr, Bilhop of Londarif 
carrying the Pix, under a Canopy, and attended 
by the two Houles of Parliament, the J,<ord Mayor, 
Aldermen, and Companies in their feverai Liveries. 
After the Proceflion was ended they all returned 
into the Church of St. Paul., where the King and 
Cardinal, together with the reft, heard Mais for a 
Conclufion of the whole Solemnity '. 

Another Matter, of a very extraordinary Nature, 
happened in this Parliament, and which we have 
' not met with the lil^e before in the Courfe of this 
Hiflory. This was a voluntary Seceffion of fome 
Members of the Houfe of Commons, who actually 
left the Houle when they faw the Majority inclin'd to 
facrifice every Thing to the Miniftry. Lord Cai*t 
in order to do Honour to their Memories, has hand- 
ed down their Naines, as follow, to Polterity ' : 

T^hemat Dentutt Com, 

fitary Catj^ 
Richard Wardy 
£4m. Plmdtn, de Tii' 

mtrfi>t Com. Berh, 
flinry ChivertoHf 
Rebert BrowHy 
%*« Courke', 
John Pelhtbrtgtf 
jehn MelhnuSf 

1 Ceurtney, 

Ralph Mitchil^ 
Thomai MattheiVSy 
Richard Brafiy, 
Thamas Majfty, 
Petir Fretcbtvell, 
Henry V'rnan, de Syd- 

hiry^ Com. Derby^ 
WilUam Moary oi Derby, 

r Htflln'i SueiH MlTj, f. 4 
q a,k,-t Ufiii-us, Part IV. [ 
mirUh, Vol. III. 1. >6<;. 

William Bainifigge, Senn\ MemUn 
John Evileigh, of che Comroont 

Vich. yfdamps, de Oart- >"" ^' """^ 

rneutb - Cliftcn - Hard- 

Keys, Com. DevsBy 
Richard Phtlips, 
^nthany DyhingtaKy 
j/ndrew Haerdy 
Chriji. Had, Com. Dar- 


?ehn Matmach, 
hemai Phelipt, "■ 

IVilliam Randtly 
John Maynty 
Hugh Smithy 
Roger Gerardy 
Ralph Scroepe, 
Tiemai Moor, de Hum- 

bleton. Com. BuckSy 


. 17, St, See ilfo Siryf^t Mf-r 

■ i>, Google 

334 ^^ Parliamentary History 

fbilifviAMarj. Hinry Mamnch, Nichelas Debdttit 

Jthtt Maynard, de St. Jiban^ Philip Tinvhit. 

We are told, b^r the fame Authority, that the 
Court refented this Separation of the Members very 
ill i and orrfeied EdwardGriffith, Efq; the Queen's 
Attorney-General, to'inditt them in the King's 
' Bench, on an Information being preferred againft 

them there, for departing without Licence, con- 
trary to the King and Queen's Inhibition in lh« 
Beginning of the Parliament. Six of thefe Mem- 
bers were fo timorous as to fubmic to tke Mercy of 
the Court, and paid their Fines, tho' whether largs 
or fm^lt appears not. All the reft, amoqg whom 
was that famous Lawyer Plotudtn, traverfed ; but 
Judgment againft them was prevented by the 
Queen's Death. 
For which they ^''^ ^nt of Information againft thefe Parlia- 
•le iadiOcd. ment-Men ran in thefe Terms, viz. ' ^od tn- 

* hibitum /(((/, [fl Rtge iff Rtgina in eodem Parla- 
. * mental qued nuHus, ad idem Parlamtntum fummo- 

' nilus, ik ibidem intereffens, ab eodcm Parlamenfai 

* abfque fpidali Licentia, diitorum Daminarum Rtgii 

* a Rfgina, y Cur. Parlamint. prisdiii. rectderet, 
' jtu feipjum aliqm Modo ahfentaret; and that thefe 

* Men appeared at this Parliament, and were there 

* prclcnt. Notwithftanciing, lightly eftceming the 
' Inhibition of the King and Queen, and having 

* no Regard to the Commonweal of this Reatm of 

* England, afterwards, namely, j''""'i"'7 !*> the 

* firft and fecond Year of this King and Queen, 
• * and during the Parliament forefaid, they departed 

* without Liirence, in manifell Contempt of the 

* King and Q^ieen's Command and InjuniKon, to 

* the great Detriment of the Commonweal of this 
< Kingdom, and to the pernicious Example of atl 
' other.' 

But the Complaint agarnft thefe Members ought 
not to have been brought before any other than the 
Court of Parliament itfelf : For this great Lawyer 
argues ' That the High Court of Parliament fub- 
filleth by its own Laws and Cuftoms. And it is: 

p-hy Google 

5^ E N G L 'A N D. ,335 

both a Law and Cuftom of Parliament, that tMrhiUpmiMttj. 
weighty Matters moved for, concerning the Peers 
or Commoners in Parliament aJTemblcd, ought to 
be adjudged and determined by the Court of Parlia- 
ment, and not by cither the Civil or Common Law 
of the Realm. Alff), by another Law or Cuilom 
of Parliament, the King cannot take Notice of any 
Thing faid Ar done in the Houfe of Commons, but 
by the Report of that Houfe ; every Member of 
which, having a judicial Place, can l)e no Witnefs.' 
Our Lawyer concludes his RcAeiflions on this Cafe, 
with this Remark, 'That thefe poor Commons, 
' Members of the Parliament, in Diebus illis, had 

* no great Accord to continue in Parliament, but 

* departed,' 

To proceed with the Thread of our Hiftory, and 
the Confequences of the lalt Parliament: The 
Reader may obferve, that, in one of the Afls before- 
mentioned, for limiting of Treafons, Provifion is 
made for the Government of the King and Queen's 
Majefties llTue. About thlsTime it was, that the 
Queen had great Sufpicion of her being with Child; 
and, as it was made public, great Rejoicings were 
amongft the Catholics here, as well as over Lurope, 
for a Blel&ng which was likely to continue and 
eftablifb that Faith in this Kingdom. Bilhop Bur- 
ntt tells us. That the firfl Emotion the Queen felt, ^ 
when Ihe thought a Child was quickening in her 
Belly, was when the Lord Cardinal Pole made his 
Oration to the Parliament, at the Beginning of theT],(Qu„^ j- 
laft Seflion : Some not (licking to fay, on this joyful ^okA to be wiiti 
Occafion, tliat like as jfoAw Ba^j/// leaped in his'^'"''^> 
Mother's Belly 'at the Salutation of the Virgin, fo 
here a happy Omen followed, on this Salutation 
from ChriJ's Vicar on Earth; but this Miracle 
never came to Pcffeflion ; for, after more Months 
allowed for this Pregnancy than Nature requires, 
it ail proved abortive, and leiminaced in ihe Dif- 
charge only of fomc falfe Conception. And what 
turned the Tables intirely againft the Catholics, in 
thif great Point, it not only proved that the Queen 


336 The Parliamentary HisTottY 

rhillfutAMttry. was not with Child at this Time } but that, whlH 
out a Miracle, it was impoffible {he fliould cvct 
have any. 

This was a Handle which the Proieflant Writers 
of our Englijb Hiftcry. i^c. took hold of, to ridi- 
cule the Queen and her Catholic Miniftry for fo 
fhameful an Impofition. One old Hiftorian', who 
lived in this Reign, is fo explicit in this Affair, as 
to relate how far the Parliament was deluded into 
this Belief ; and to give us an Abftra£t out of the 
hSi itfelf^ to fhew the Credulity and Folly of a Po- 
pifli Parliament. He begins with tellingus, 'That* 
amon^ft the Number ofthofe Members who carried 
Spanijh Hearts in Engiijh Bodies, there was one Sif 
iiichard SouthwtUy who, being in the Parliament- 
Houfe when the Members were bufy about fome 
Affairs of ImportaiKe, fuddeDly rofc up and cried, 
Tu/f), my Mafttrs, why talk yeu nf theft Matters? 
I wauld have yeu lakt jome Ordir abeut ear yftmg 
Majitr, tuho is now coming into the fVarld afactf 
lefl he find US unprovided, &c. Which Words, fays 
our Authority, from a Courtier, with the Letters 
of the Privy Council about it, gave the Parliament 
fuch an AlTurance of the Queen's being with quick 
Child, that they immediately drew up a Bill for its 
Maintenance, Support, and Government ; and, a) 
it pafTed into an A£l, for greater Evidence he has 
given us the Subftance of it. it is fomewhat fur- 
prizing that neither Dr. Hijlin, Bilhop Burnet, oT 
any other Proteftant Writer of our Reformation, 
Calces Notice of this A£t, except in what is given 
before; but, as it is ftri^ly Parliamentary, it mufi 
find a Place in tbefe Inquiries '. 

Tlie Parli*- « A Lbeit We the Lords Spiritual and Tempofsl, 
mMt-i Addrtfl , J^^ and the Commons in this prefent Parliament 

* aflembled, have firm Hope and Confidence in tbe 

* Goodnefs of Almighiy God, that like as he hath 

* hitherto miraculoully preferved iheQtieen's Ma- 
' jefty from many great and imminent Perils and 

* Dangers i 

' Fm'» Aat ofJ lUonumn/i, Vol II. p. 1345, 
• RnUitigfiirad hi> coficd ttu> wbolc Affiici virlatin, sui J 
Ftxe^ Cbnn. p. 1114. 

.■i>, Google- 

«f E N G L A N D. 337 

* Dai^cn; even & he will, of his infinite Goodners,fM>ulJif«r;. 

* give hci Highnefs Strength, the rather by our con- 

* tinual Prayers, to pafs well the Danger of DclU 

* verance of Child, wherewith it hath pleafed him 

* (to all out great Comforts) to blefs her : Yet for- 

* afmuch as all Things of this World be uncertain, 

* and having before our Eyes the dolorous Expe- 

* rience of this inconftant Government, during the 

* Time of the Reign of the late King Ediuard VI. 

* do plainly fee the manifold Inconveniences, great 

* Dangers and Perils, that may enfue in this whole 

* Realm, if Forefight be not ufed to prevent alt 
*. evil Chances, if they fliould happen: For the 

* efchewing hereof, we the Lords Spiritual and 
' Temporal, and the Commons in this prefent Paf- 
' liament afTembled, (for and in Confideiation of a 

* moft fpecial Trull and Confident^ that we have 

* and repofe in the King's Majefly, for and con- 

* cerning the Politic Government, Order, and Ad- ' 

* minillration of this Realm, in the Time of the 

* young Years of the IlTueorlfluesof her Majefty's 
, * Body to be born, if it ihould pleafe God to call 

* the Queen's Highncfs out of this prefent Life, 

* during the tender Years of fuch IlTue or IfTues, 
*■ (which God fotbid) according to fuch Order and 

* Manner, as hereafter in this preFent A^ his High- 

* nefs moll gracious Pleafure is, fliould be declared 

* and fet forth) have made our humble Suit, by the 

* Aflent of the Queen's Highnefa, that his Majefty 
( would vouchfafe to accept and take upon him the 

* Rule, Order, Education, and Government of the 

* Taid Iflue or IlTues to be born, as is aforefaid : 

* Upon which, our Suit being of his faid Majefty 

* moftgracioufly accepted, it hath pleafed hi^High- 
< nefsnotonly todeclare, Thatlilte isforthe moft 

* Part his Majefty verily trufteth, that Almighty 

* God (who hath hitherto preferved the Queen's 

* Majefty, to give this Realm fo good an Hope of 

* certain Succeffion in the Blood Royal of the fame 
' Realm) will aSift her Highnefs with his Graces 

* and Benedidrions, to fee the Fruit of her Body 

* well brought forth, live, and able to govern 

' (whereof 

p-hy Google 

338^ ^e TarUa^untary HiSTORf 

rhiliftniMgrf^* whereof neither all thisReulm, nay all the World 

* befides, Ihould- or could receive more Comfort 

* than his Majefty Oiould and would) ; yet if fuch 

* Chance Ibould happen, his Majffty, a( our hum- 

* ble DefireSf is pieafed and contented, not only to 

* accept and take upon him the Cate and Charge 

* of the Education, Rale, Order, and Government 
■ of fuch Ill'ues as of this moft happy Marriage fhall 

* be born between the Queen's Highnefs and himj 

* but alfo, during the Time of fuch Government, 

* would by all Ways and Means ftudy, travel, anil 

* employ himfelf to advance the Weal, both public 

* and private, of this Realm and Dominion there- 
' unto belonging, according to the faJd 7'ruft in his 

* Majefty repofed, with no lefs Good-will and Af- 

* ffjdion,- then if his Highnels had been naturally 

* born amongft us.' In Conftdei ncion whereof, be 
' it ena&d by the King and the Queen's moft ex- 

* cellent Majefties, by the Aflent of the Lords S^- 

* ritual and Temporal, and the Commons in this 

* prefent Parliament aflembled, and by the Autho- 

* nty of the fame, fJc' 

■ To proceed. It is now that our Protellafit Hiilo- 
rians give Us a whole Series of Heretical Burnings^ 
the bare Recital whereof are fufficiently {hocking 
without Aggravation '. But herein the Miniflry 
were out in their Politics, fince the bloody Proceed- 
ings of (his Time proved the greatcft Support of 
the Proteftant Caufe ; And Faxes.Book of Martyrs 
being, in the fucceeding Reign, placed in every 
Church, and almoft in every Gentleman's Houfe 
in England, has made more Converts from the 
Xtman Faith than the Hible. But at the fame 
Time it is no more than common Juftice to ob- 
ferve, that, in the terrible Executions this poor 
bigotied Qileen was guilty of, her Pailiaments had 
an equal Share with herfelf. 

■ To give a ftrong Inftance how little the Proteftant 
Caule was regarded, or the Complaints thofe Suf. 


I In Slrjft'i EiHiJtpictI MtmrhU. Vgi. III. h »n Aiccgni of 
fuch a) «tie burnt foi BeliKion in thii Reijn, wbiib amounti to 
aSS, teftiet thoTc that i'\ti nf Famine in fuadcy Prilbai. Ji J^ 

ftMj. f. I9J. 


of ENGLAND. 339 

ferert made to Parliament taken Notice of, wc'*''/*""**^ 
Ihall Tubjoin the Subftance of tw6 Petitions to both 
Houfesin this lalt Parliament, from the imprifoned 
Preachers, in Defence of the Reformation, 

In tlie firff Place, * They intreat them to recol- htition) from 
' Icfl their Severities againft the Religion eftabli Died th« impiibaed 
■tn the two late Reigns. They put them '"p^^!^?!!^ 

* Mind that the Points had been fettled with great 

* Detiberation : That the two Univerfities, and the 

* moft confiderable Perfons for Learning in other 

* Parts of the Kingdom, had been conftiltcd : That 

* to undo what wa} thus unanimouAy^ agreed, was 

* unferviceable to the Memories of the two Princes, 
'* King Utnry and King Eduiari, and a Blemilh 

* upon the Honotir of the whole Nation: Tbit 

* great Uncaliners of Confcience, and Judgments 
■from Heaven, muft- follow filch Meafures of 
*Courfe: That fmce the difchargingthe true Re- 

* ligion, throwing out the Reformed OfEces, and' 
"bringing Superflition and Idolatry into their Place, " 

* all the Orthodox Preachers have been removed, 
< have been harrafled and robbed, with fuch Crueltjr 
'' and Injuftice, as exceeds the Barbarity of Turks 
' and InfiieU, 

* They conjtlre their Majedies and the Parlia* 

* ment, by every Thing fttcred and valuable, to 

* cdnfidet' the lamentable State of Religion, and 

* how much the Nation is likely to fuffcr in thcif 

* eternal Intereft : They earneftly defire, there- 

* fore, the Church may be retrieved from this de- 

* plorable Condition. As for themfelves, they re- 

* quell they may be brought before the Council, oi" 

* Parliament ; and if they fail either in maintaining 
' the Homilies and Service fcC forth in the lat^ 

* Reign, or in proving the Unlawfuinefs of the Li- 

* turgic Forms ufed at prefent, if they fail in making 

* good either of thefe Points, and that by Catholic 
' Principles and Authorities, they arc willing to 

* be burnt at the Stake, or fubmit to any other 
' Death of Ignomy or Torture, which their Ma- 

* jefties fhall appoint tbem.' 

- VoL.IJL ., . Y Nol 

.:i>, Google 

34© '^ TitrUaaknfary His-foRT 

PM^MUbry. Hot long after they made uothor Addrefc f* 
their Majeftlcs and tha Parliament, of rcrcmbling 
Contents : They complain, ' They have been 

* thrown out of tbeif Eftetea, tbeir Goods Icized, 

* andtheirBookscakenfromthem: That thejK have 

* faeeii mifreported to their Majefliu, reproached- 

* for Heretics, clofely confined for iifteeo or. iixtcea- 

* Months,, and not, allowed the Liberty to juflifr 
■tbcmfdvcs agwiH: the Calumnies thrown upon ' 
*'them. They ddRre they miy be brought pub- 

* licldy to their Anfwcr, either before the Parlia- 

* ntent, or fuch indificrent Judges at their Maje- 

* fties QmII appoint. 

* Under fndi an Allowance they don't queHiort' 
'their being able to throw off the Imputation o( 

* Herefy ;. to defend the RefprHtation from Point t» 

* Point, and fhew the£xconimunicationB piiblilbed- 

* againft them of no Force ; and that tbe^Namc* 

* of Utfadvantage and Infstny belong rather ta 

* their Adverfaries- ; To their Adverf^ries, who« 

* with rcfpc^ to their MajeAiet, may rather bs 

* faid to ftand in the Place of the Egyptia* Magi- 

* dans to Pharath ; of Xejtiiah and his Par^ of 

* Prophets, to Ahab King oiljratl; and oiBa^dkf 

* to th« Pto-Confut Si^ut Fauiiu- And, Uffly, 

* they ot^i to jollify ^e Do^rine and Woiihip 

* eftlbliOtcd in the late Reign, by Scripture and 

* Antiquity^ under the higbefl Penalties.' 

Whether the Freedom of thsfe Addre^ gwt 
Difguft) or the Mifbehaviour of fome of tboTs 
Peo[^e had foured the Humour of the Court agaiaft 
diem, it is not known ; however the Preachers met 
with no Enoouragement from any of the Three 
£llBte»atrthatTime. Mr. CoAlifr and other Wri- 
, ters hvt given feveral Inftanoes of the Reibrmers 

' epcnly. ndifluliog, both in Words and A^oaa, tht 

Fopim Certemoniin and WorAuip. 

Sut there la one Thing however gnuty ton." 
mflndaU^ in -the Goveroment of C^een Marjy 
which wa», reviving the antienC ConftttutiMt <tf 
annual Parliaments : And accordingly, in the next 
Year, we find that anoAer was caUcd to uieet at 


•f E N G L A I^ D; 341 

i^tji^infi^ ootbeaift of OSio^tf^ in the third^iii^MdJi*?. 
Year of her Reign. The Queen rode to the Parr 
}iainent-Houre in an op^ri Horfe-Litter, to be feeo' 
nf every one i fu^dwc nre tojd that Ibe never 
looked mofe chearful* in the Judgment of all that 
WW her. 

The yowmait of, the Lorda hjve long omitted 
l^e Lord-Chancellar's Speech at the Opening of 
s P^trJUment, a^ alfo the Formality of chufing a 
Speaker of the Commons ; but ftill the Nam^s of 
the Hxccivcrs and Tiiers of Petitioris, for the dif- 
l^ent Parts qf thje KvgHJb pominlonss are giveoi . . 

VI Fftnchi aftcrthe ^ticnt Manner. And znongft 
diefe the Petitions, which were tQ come from Qaf~ 
tetg>tX? ^^.^. ^^^* ^^ gther PartSt l^ng iitice loA 
fiam this Crown, ace never omitted. 

ThcyearM/i of the Commops,, Top this Parlia-Au.Reg.»i j, 
npnt, are fomewhat more explicit than the other ; J/i^'- a_ 
^d teH us, that the Billiop of mnfhtffer opened it *^'J""'J^* 
l^y a Speech* importing, that it V9» called for a ne- 
tejiary Aid to be jnadp to her M^efly. That this 
Houfe unanimoufly chofe for their Speaker jBhtt}otniVait.At9t 
P-aUnrdy Eiq; deeply learned In the Law* of this ^^^i Sp»^"< 
Land. It is to be noted that* by the Authority of 
^th die JourHals, the Lord-Chancellor Gardinfr^ 
iilhop a( tViBcheJitry appeared for th? fitft and fe- 
qpikd D^ys of thb Seffic^, but no oiqre. It fecms 
lie kII fick on the 24th of (his Montt)* and died 
qn the I2th Day oi Ntvmkff following. Qifliop 
SurntI imputes his Death to hjs ftaying over long. 
iot Dinner, theDay that Latimer and Ridliy were 
to be burnt, 'till 2 Meflenger fhould come Poft to. ' 
t(^I bim that the Faggots were lighted : Which as 
ffKMi af he heard, he wenj chearfuJiy to his Vi^ali } 
bift^ at; Dinner was flruck with the lllnefs of- 
which he died, visi. a Si^ppreffion of yrine. 
' TbU marvellous Tale our Prelate has retalM, 
ft^oi' an old Wife's StQiy in P»xi ' ; but has left 
WC one Particular, that the old Duke <A.NerMk 
tlined with the Chancellor.that D^y* a* Ffxf uys* . 
Yz and 

> Ste die vhole Storj in Fm'i JBt tai i3»mmnu, V«)> U. 
)■ 16x1.' Sdil.Land, JS^J. 


34* ^t' ParUamentary HiSTOftlP 

rit^udMuTiMid was uneaff to ftay lb l(»ig for hb Dinner, tl 
is fomewhat ftrange that a Man Ifaould be uneafy 
for his Dinner above a Twelvemonth after he was 
dead : For this old Duke died at Framiitghaitt 
Caftle, in Stptimhtr I554.N and was fucceeded 
by his Grandfon, who could be no old Duke of 
Norftlk. Ridltj and Latimir AieA at the Stake 
Oatbtr 1 6, this Year, five Days before the Par- 
liament met; and Gar^rnn-'sappearingintheHoale 
the two firft Days of the Meeting is proved by the 
ygumals, which the Bifliop certainly, faw but 
-would not take Notice of, for Fear of fpoiling fo 
fine a Story. Befides, we aie told by Bifliop Gad- 
win^ as zealdus a Proteftant Writer as arty Man,' 
that Gardiiur, BUhop of fFiHcbefter, died of thtf 
Gout'. ' 

On the Death of the Lord -Chancel lor. It Is fup- 
pofed that the Lord-Treifurer, the Marquis of 
tVtHcbffter^ Firtuie Officii, adjourned the ParKa- 
ment from Day to Day; fince there is no Mention 
of any Commiffion granted for executing the 
Chancellor's Office. And tho', by the Negligence 
of the Clerks, the Adjournments are not entered, 
yet, on the )aA Day of the Seffion, we find that 
the Lord'Treifurer, by the Queen's Command, 
did diflblve this Parliament. 

By the Death of this great Miniftcr the Af- 
fairs at CoUit muft be much embarrafled; how-- 
ever* the Patliament went on.with their Proceed-' 

The youmali of the Commons infbrih us, that, 
0^«i«rZ3,when the Commons appeared wtththdr* 
Speaker, to prefcnt him to tho Queen, he made an 
eloquent Oration. After which was read a Bull 
from the Pope's fioUnefs, confirming what Cardi- 
nal PaU had promifed relating to the ASiirance of 
Abbey-Lands, f^r. and, when the Commons were 
letired to their' oWn Houfe, a Bill was revived con^ 
cerning the Abfence of Knights and Burgefles in 
the Time of Patliament. 


k D*idtlt f«7t lu died XUrim ino, which mi Jmt i J5]. 
JJn/J. Bar*.. 

■ Gtdnia it PheCJ. Ouz, 


5f E N G L A N D. 343 

The next Day, after reading the aforcfaid BUIffaTif ««***•» 
again with fome others, a Motion was made for 
a Supply to be granted to her Majelly ; and Mr. 
Comptroller, Mr. Secretary Petrty with eighteen 
more Members, were ordered to draw up a £ill for 
that Purpore. On the 28th the Bill was icad a 
£rll Time, fora Subiidy and two Fifteenths, but 
on .the third Reading, Oilabtr 30, it met with 
fome Oppofition; and thc-next Day Mr. Secretary 
Petri declared to the Houfe, That the Queen 
gave them Thanks for the two Fifteenths, butwas^Sobfidy, 
contented to refufe them ; on which the BiH for a 
Subfidy only was pafled the Day after and fent up 
to the Lords. 

This is all which can be gathei;ed from the Jeur~ 
naU about this Affair ; but Bifhop Burntt is Some- 
what more explicit in the Matter. He tells us, 
* That it feems the Humour of that Houfe was now 
greatly changed ; for when a Subfi^y and two 
Fifteenths were moved for there, for paying the 
X)ebts of the Crown, it was op{y>fed with great . 
Vehemence. It was faid, that the Queen had pro* 
fufely given away the Riches of the Crown to th« 
Clergy, and then applied to the Laity to pay her 
Debts; but why did Ihc not rather afk it of the 
former J To this it was anfwered. That the Convo- 
cation had given her a Subfidy of lix Shillings in 
the Pound; and that the Queen now afked, after 
three Years Reign, nothing but what fhe had dif-* ' 

charged her SubjedtsofattheBeginnijig ofit. The \ 

Prelate adds, that the Heats grew high in the Houfe 
on this Debate ; 'till Secretary Pelre brought a Mef-r 
Jage from her Majefty, with Thanks to ihem who 
bad firft moved for two Fifteenths; but file now 
refufed to take them ; on which the Subfidy alone 
was agreed to.' This Bill pafted the Houfe of 
Zxtrds on the firll Reading, which is the only In- 
flance of that Kind we have yet met with *. But 
It muftnot be omitted, that, in drawing up this A£t,. 
Itn Oath, which had been formerly prelciibed to alH 
Y3 Manner 

, •> >—~ jait prima Vice lifta ift, tt^cmro'n iwaitm Pnarn^ 
4ff«'f»,tMi!Mft4, Journ, Procer. 

p: by Google 

344 ^' pM-ltameraary HisTbKY 

TUliftaiSUrj, Manner of Pcrfons for giving in a juft Accbtint 
of their Eftates, was wholly omitted; which made 
the Subfidyflnk beneath Expectation, jhit, Saya. 
Heylm, the Queen came to the Crown by the Lo^e 
of the People, aod waa to do oothingto hazard 
thofe Affeftions Ihc held it "by ". This Subfidjr, 
according to Sievity was Eight-peiKc itl tlje Pourtt 
on all thofc worth from five Pounds to ten ; frbmi 
ten Pounds to twenty, Twelve-pence in the Pound ; 
and, from tu'enty Pounds upwards^ Sixteen- pence- 
All Strangers were taxed double '. 

Bltbop Burnet atfo informs as, * That, on the, 
'93d of Novembtr^ a Bill for fuppreffing of Firft- 
Fruits and Tenths, and the reJignihg up all Impro- 
priations that were yet in the Queen's Gift, to the. 
Church, tp be difpofed of, as the Legate thought 
Jit, for the RejtcF of the Clergy, was brought into 
theHoufe. The Lcfdt* yaai-Hirff acquaint as, ttiat 
this Bill was brought inta their Houfe on the2otfa, 
knd pafled there, after three Readlogt, on the 23d 
of Navember j the Earl of Htriferi and the Lord 
Cvhham difleniing. It was fent that Day down to 
the Commons, who kept it fomc Timt, for it 
ivas not returned by them 'till the4thof27ff/fti^, 
with a Schedule annexed to it, req^iiring certain 
Things to be amended in the Bill ; Whtchi upbit 
Debate, were by the Lords aflentfed to. 
The Queen had a much grcarer Defign which j!he 
Ml fix Rcftitu- hoped to have executed this Parliament, Which was 
t|«rf Omreh- letting an Afl for reftoring of all fuch Lands to the 
Church as had belonged to' it, and was devolved 
upon the Crown ; and from the Crown into the 
Haqds of private Perfohs, by the Fall of Mona(!e- 
ries and other Religious Houfes, or by ariy other 
Ways or Means wb^tfoever. She had been Um- 
^ring with fome 'Iiords about this 'Pi&, but found 
fuch a general Averfenefs to ariy Kind of Rcftitii- 
tion in'the Lay Mobility, that fiie was advifed to 
defift from that unprofitable Undertaking. Certain 
fttsifays Dr. H«^//n, that lA&iiy, who we^e cordis 

• ^(nMarT, p. t,%. 
1 Sinm't CbrtM, f, 6af 1 

■ I,, Google 

5^ E N G L A N D. 9« 

ally afield to the Qoaen's Reluioa, wew TOy''W^**W»^ 
much ftanleiJiat thcNoiftof thisKeftltutian} in- 
fomuch, adds he, that fome of them arc faid to have - 
clapped their Hands upui their Swords, affirming) 
not withoQt rome Oaths, That they would never 
part with their Abbey-Lands as long u ihey were 
aUc to wear a Sword by their Sides *. Which Re- 
ibluttofl being told ibc Queen, &e thought proper 
to drop that Aifa'iT, and cuily let them a good Ex- 
ample, by giving up to the Church what was really 
her own to give, the Firft-Fiuitsand Tenths afore- 
laid i which, as th^ had been fettled on the Crown 
by an Ad of Parliament, mud be rcleafed by ano- 
ther. This flie was To pofitive in doing, that when 
Uie AS»W was argued in Council, and fome Lords 
Al^eded, that if luch a confiderable Part of the He- 
venue was difmemfaered from cheCrowo, the State 
of her Kingdoms and Inipeiial Dignity could not 
be Co honourably maintained as formerly, Ihe is 
faid to return this Anfwer, TTmt fitt tTtftrrtd tbt 
SalvatiiM if her Seal he/art Itnfuch Kingdtms *'. 

But no twith {landing this Bil) padcd the Lords 
fb eafily, it was greatly oppo&d in the Houfe of 
Commons; for our RightRev. Author, from the 
yaurnaUy tells us. That, on the 19th ^i Nvoembert 
the Queen fent for that Houfe, ^and told them, * She 

* could not, with a good .Confcience> take the 

* Tenths and Firll- Fruits of Spiritual Sendees ; it 

* was a Tax ber Father laid on the Clergy, to fup- 

* port the Dignity of Sttprtvu Htadi of wtuch, 

* fince fhe was divefled, Ifae would alfo diTcfaai^ 
*■■ the other/ Then the Legate made a ^ech, ta 
jhew that Tytbes and Impropriations of Spiritual 
Benefices were the Patrimony of the Church, .and, 
ought to return to it { and upon tlus the Queen de- 
flated, That ibewould alfo Surrender vP ihofe 


■ Hrflin'a ^tn Mtry, p. cp 

b Capm whtei, Thit tfie Queen did tht> \tj tbePerfinGoD 
•f the CHduui, aAd Kaeac ethet Cletgir ; wtu tsld hrr,' Tint Ae 


to ^'JUvetauM of tbetfioi 

■ i,,Goo'^le 

346 ^be Parliamentary Hiz-TQUtLY 

I'i.J^tiiiiMi/j.Mattcrstothc Church. WhilftthcHoufc of Com- 
mons were before tier Majefty, one Storey, a. Mem- 
ber of that Houfe, falling on his Knees^ told the 
Queen that the Speaker did not open to her th^ 
Defire that Licences might be retrained. This was 
a great Affront to, the Speaker, who, when they 
were returned, complained of it to the Hpufe; but 
Startj confeiiing his Fault, and the Houfe, fa^ 
Burnet, knowing that he fpoke the Words from a 
good Zeal, forgave him. This very Man is men- 
tioned before, as being fent to the Tower for ufing 
great Liberty of Speech againft King Edward VI.' 
and the Proteftor, in his Oppofition to the A6t for 
the firft Book of the EniU/h Common- Prayer. He 
was now on the other Side of the Queflion, in op- 
pofing Licences from Romf ; and Gurnet himfelf 
fays, That this Man of good Zeal was afterwards 
. condemned for Treafon, iti the Reign of Queen 
Mlixabeth, as will appear in the Sequel *. 

The fame Author tells us, That it was once 
thought proper that the Surrender of I m propria tioni 
fhoufd be left out of this Bill ; fince, as was urged,, 
the Queen might do that as well by Letters Pa- 
tent ; and if it was put in the Bill it would raile 
great Jealoufies, for it would be underftood that 
the Queen did expert that her Subje£ls Ihould fol- 
low her Example. The Tythes, however, were 
lefolved to be recovered to th^ Church, fo they 
were put in ; though all, fays our Authority, were 
long argued in the Houfe } fome faying that the 
Clergy would rob the Crown and th^ Nation bothi 
and diat the Laity iriuft then ifapport the Dignitjr 
of the Realm. At laft, it being particularly com- 
mitted to Sir H^ilUam Cteil and others, to be Enr 
them examined on the 3d of Dectmber^ the Houle 
divided upon it, and the Bills were carried on a 
Majority of 193 againft 126. To conclude this 
Affair, it may not be amifs to give the Preamble to 
this Bill, to fet the Matter in as clear a Light aa 
' poifible ; and efpecially (ince that A£t itlelf is not 
brinted amongft the Statutes of Ibis Parliament. 
■■ ■ Bji 

\ liifivj >fihi Rifinmulfn, Vd, n, p. jm, fife 

■ i,;Got)^lc 

fl/ E N G L A N D. 347 

By it is declared, • That the Pajrment of Firft- «ii^»JidM«7, 

< Fruits and Tenths was extinguifhed ; And all 

* Rcflories, Bene£ccs impropriate, Glebe-Lands, 

< Tythes, Oblations, Penfions, y^. vcfted in (he 

* Crown fincc the 20th Year of King Henry VIII. 

* are given up ta the Church for the Augmenta^ 

* tion of the Livings to which they formerly be-r 

* longed, for the Advantage of other poor Cures, 

* for the fiirnifhing Preachers, for the exhibiting 

* Scholars : And the Difpofal of thefe Revenues, 

* thus reAored, is left to the Difcrecion of the 
*■ Lord Legate Cardinal Pale. But then there was 

* a Provifo for favlng the Right of the Subjedt, whc» 

* had any Intercd in thefe Eilaies granted from the 
f Crown. There is likewife a Claufe for exonera- 

* ting the King and Queen, and their Succeflbrs, 

* from the Payment of Penllons' and Annuities tq 

* the Monks ; To which are added Corrodies and 
•Fees, which for the future were to be paid out of 
f the Tenths, Firft-Fruits, ttfc. without any Bur- 

* den upon the Crown. There is another Pravlfo^ 
4 by which the Patronage of thefe Impropriations 

< belonein| to the Crown is ftill referved. And 

* becaufe fome Temporal Eftates had been inter- 
1 mixed, and leated out by the Crown with thefe 

* Tenths, Impropriations, i^c. it is enacted. That 
4 Commiffions fhall be awarded out of the Exche- 

* quer to fix diSerent Perfons, three of the Spiritua- 

* Hty, andthree of the Temporality, to call twelve ' 

* Men, of Credit and Subftance, before tneoi : 

< Twelve Men inhabiting in the Neighbourhood, 
*' where thefe Eftates lie ; and to oblige them, upon 
*! Oath, to diftinguifti and fever the Glebe-Landi, 

* and other Spiritual Poflefiions from the Tempo- 

* ra! Eflaies, and to rate and apportion how much 

* Rent fball be paid for the one and the other.' 

The Affair of Licences, mentioned above, occa- 
lioned another Millake in Bifhop Burntt; for he tells 
us that they were Licences from Rome that were to 
%e reftraihed : Whereas thefe Licences were to 
^ifpenfc with fome EcclefiaSical or other Laws of 
ihisldnd; as. Licences to Great Perfonsto cat 
"■ ' ' ■■ ■ Fiefli 


$4^ TiSif FarUamcKtawy HtsToxr 

nifttaAlUrj.f}^ in Ltnt> 01 on ottwn Fafting Dayt, for ibe^H 
Jclvn,aml as many as fluwU come m ibcirTables^ 
Alfo Liccncn to Ibroc to give the fame to ibctr 
Servants to fltont, iKCroTsfiows orHaod-Giuw,3t 
■any Fowl» oi at any Mawwi of Deer, Red or Fal* 
low. Licences for Mercliams to import farbtddeq 
Merchandize. Many Aich Kind ef LiccncO n»j 
le met with aoioi^ft the Records of ths& Tiraet. 
A Bill was calcuhtcd to make void all Aich M«ik^m>- 
Kes as were granted by the Queen, her Brother or 
Father ; but it was laid afide at the fecond Reading. 
TbetK were Icveral other BitU which were rcso. 
intheHoufe, btttdtdnot-pafe into A^. Among^ 
which there was one for tncapacilattng of levcial 
PerloDs from being JuAices of Peace, which wa» 
ca({ out by the Coirisods at the iaBc JEeatCng. 
This was calculated chiefiy, lays Btmtttt ^ti^ 
Jiich as were fiifpc^ed of loo nwch Refi>iffiM& ia 
punifhing of Heretics. But the Commoos woidd 
do nothing to encourage that; nor was there aoy 
Occalion for it, fince it was in the Queen's PowcT' 
to leave out of the Commiffion who the thoi^t fi^ 
but, adds he, it Ihewed the Zeat of fome. whohad 
a Mind to lecommetid themselves by fiich Mo- 
tions. BtM how temperate fbever this Houfe tX 
Commons might be in Ihefe Afiairs, the two pre- 
ceding ones were watm cnongh in their Zeal ; 
. fince they lerivcd all the bloody Lvws againft He- 
leiics, which were made for fomc Ceittavies paft*. 

I^evtmier ii- Was r«^ in ifce Bowft of twds^^ 
fcr the third Time, a fiill agatnil fncb Peifons wbo^ 
were gone out of the Realm, without the QnccD's 
licence, or tbjit con tempt uou fly ihall make their' 
Abode there. This was levelled at tbeDncbeb 
of Sajfoii and other Perfoas, the gt^atcfi -and. 
wealthicft of thofe who favouied the RefonnadOD, 
whohad retired abroad tofavBtheirConfcienceswid. 
£{tates. Tbey wcrereqniredtoreturn,tuider letPcre 
Penalties ; but tbeCommons, (ays Btirntt, iboi^ht 
they had already conlented to too many levcre. 
l^vtoi that Sott, aiul theielbre rejc^ed this<Btl)i 

■ I,, Google 

S^ EN G L A N D. 349 

''Anodier Bill aga'uift Annt Caltherf^ Couhtcfs at^h\Uf»ti&&S^y^ 
SvJ^x, who had left her Hufband, and gone abroad, 
on a qtiite different Occafion than Religion ; for Ihe 
lived in France^ in open Adultery, and had feveral 
'ChiMnn to' others. The gill was to deprive her oC 
"hcT Joihtu^re, in Cafe flie would not repair into this 
'^ealm 'within a Time limited, and make her Pur- 
'gatidn beforfc the Biflibp erf her Dioccfe. But tho* 
^isTeeming reafonable Bill palled the Lords, it was 
reje£led by the Commons ; and yet in the next 
Parliament the Commons firll carried it, and then 
it was pafled againll her. 

There are twenty-three Ads and Titles of Afls, 
in the printed Statutes, paGed this Seffion ; in the 
Lords' Catalogue, twenty-four. Some of which 
are for the Encouragement of Trade and the 
'Woollen Manufafturibs, And one, particularly, 
^ inhibit ill purveyors of the Crown from taking 
lap any Provifions within five Miles of Oxford or - 
X^dmtridge i by which Means thofe Markets were 
Imbre JilenttfuIIy fcrved with all Sorts of Provifions. 
and at more reafonable Rates, 

t>ecemh£r g. The Qicen came to the Houfe to 
kafs' the Bills.; after which the Marquis of IFin- 
tbtfltr, .Lord-High-Treafurer, Ihe Chancellor be- 
Vg dead, by hex Majefly's Command, dilTolved thic 

We have now a Gap of two Veari before we 
jneet wfth another ParliaHnent ; in which Time 
inany various AtFairs of State happened in England 
and Europe, '\ii\i\c\i our larger Hiftorians are full of. ^h, |^ ^ ^ 
tone Accident, however, dcferves Notice, and th'at£iif, 
wasthe'Lofsof the important Town of Ca^fV, in 
Tranct, from the Bnglijh Crown. It was taken by 
uie Duke of Guift, about the Beginning of the Year 
3558, after it liad been fome Centuries annexed to 
thefe Dominions; and was not only the Key to 
Tranct 1)ut the Staple of the Englljh Trade into 
almoft, all foreign Parts. The Lofsof this Place 
Vm a great Difgrace to Queen Mary and her Mi- 

:i>» Google 

3 50 72if ParUamaitary Histqrt 

fhiiiftBiMerj.nii!ayy fmceit was evidently loft for want of d«o 
Care, and made the People judge that the CJueett 
had put the Government into the Hands of Prwfl^ 
who underflood not War, nor were fenfiblic of the 
Honour of the Nation, About this Time, bow^ 
ever, a Parliament had been caFled, tho' we caiuiot 
'find when the Writs were dated, to meet at 
IVifttninJiir on the 20th oi January, in the 5th 
and 6th Year of the Reign of Philip and Maiy. 
In the IaR of (he Peers the new-created Abbot 1^ 
W^minjftr, and the Prior a\&t.Jahn of Jfru/uitx, 
An.Rfc. 1*6.^''^ now included, and took their Places in thtt 

1558. Houfc accoidiiigl;. 

At Wtfimi»pa. Though we have no initiating Speech from tbc 

Lord- Chance I lor at the Opening this Pailiamciit, 

ViLt-tAnCaa-yet the Joitrnalifi hath given us the Ceremony *i 

{"^ ^i prefcnting the Speaker of the Hoife of Commons i» 

™^ ' the Qoeen ; who was H'illiam Cardtll, Jif^; Ma- 

fteroftheF-oIIs; whofeExcufc not being alhiwcd^ 

be was admitted, with the ufual Froteflation. But 

thej''»ifrWjortheCommonsacquaint us, that^- 

'ulai Heath, Archbifhop of Tori, then Lord-Cbao- 

cellor, declared, that this Parliament was called for 

granting an Aid to her MajcAy ; And accordi^ljr 

ihe iirft Thing that we find, worth Notice, in tlkcir 

l^rocecdings, is, That on the itthtd Fetruery a BiB 

was fent up by the Commons, fw granting'a Subr 

fidy of one Fifteenth to (he Queen by the Laity ; 

the Clergy, in Convocation, bavins iit 3l liber^ 

£xample by taxing tbcmfelvcs in a Subfidj of ci^iC 

Shillings in the Pound, to be paid in foui Years.; 

which was alfo confirmed by Pailiament. The- 

T-Bill for the Lay Subfidy, bfe. paficd the Houfc of 

Lords, Ntmine {antraditenu, Fih. 19, and this if, 

all which their Jaurnols fay of ttus Matter. 

But the Jifurjiah of the Commons Acquaint 01, 
• That, on the 24th of "January, the Lo^ds fent a 
Mefidge to that Hoi|fe, defiring that the Speaker, 
with ten or twelve more, would meet with a Com- 
mittee ofthe Lords ; which conjiftcd of three Earls, 
three Bifhops, and three Barons. The Conunooa 
f onfented to this Fropofal, and agreed that twcnty- 

< E N G L AN D. ^$t 

me oF their Houre Qiould meet the Lords, and con-Pm^tM Bitty. 

fcr on the Queen's Wants and the State of the Na- ' 

tion. This Conference continued fome Timci for 

it was not till the 4th of Ftbruarj that a Bill was' 

firftrcad foraGrantofaSubfidy and tvra Fifteenths 

luid Tenths, as agreed on hy the Lords and Com- 

Oions in a Committee. The Bill was read a fecond 

Time the next Day; but ^e Day after, we are 

told, many Arguments were ufed about it; and 

It is probable that the Speaker was defired to know 

*f the Queen whether a lefs Supply would not fatis-* 

fy : For, Fetruaryio, the Speaker acquainted the 

Houfe, * That he had opened unto the Queen's 

* Majefly bis Commiffion touching the Grant of 

* the Subfidy j which the Qaeen thankfully took, 

• giving them prefent hearty Thanks, and all the 

• Realm;' fo a Grant of it Subfidy and one Fif- , 
teenth only, Fibrttarj r6, was all that Was given 
atthatTime. TheSubridy,as the fame Authority 
itiforms us, confifled of four ^hillings in the Pound 
on Lands, aiid two Shillings and Eight-pence, from 
five Poui»]s upwards, on Goods to be made before 
<he 24th ttfjfaw next.' 

There were two Bills bfonght into the Houfe of 
Lords, for regulating the Officers or Coileiaors of 
theSublidiesorCuQoms; and for their true anfwet- 
ingthe Debts due to the Queen on thofe Cu&>ms. 
But thefc, tho' they palTedthe Upper Houfe, were 
Isid afide bythe Commons. The Speaker inform- 
ing them, that, by a MefTage from the Queen, 
be was told thefe Co11e3ors had accounted for 
heir Receipts, and therefore it was her Majefty's 
Pleafure they fliould proceed no farther with thofe 

A Oefign for carrying on the War brifkly againft fru wIikFrax* 
France feems to have been entered into this Parlia- 
ment. An Aft was pafled for the raifmg of good 
and able Men and taking of Mufters ; another, for 
appointing what Number of Men, Horfes, and 
Armour each Man was obliged lo find ; alfo Inqui- 
ry was to be made into the Behaviour of Fremhmen^ 
being Denizens of this Kingdom. And we find 

■ I,, Google 

35* ^he ParliatneWaryllii'to^t 

M(^«Bdjfarr.that a Bill paOcd the Houfe of Lords for prohibidi^ 
tbe Importation of all Frentb Wines and fi^erp haQ- 
dizcs ; but the Cottunons iqe^d it, u ap Himn 
trance tp Trade. 

A Bill for the Repeal pf.diven Mttpn Patcntt 
making Denizens of feveral Pcrfoni, [lorii under t)i4 
PbcyfanceoftheKirigof^raKc^i another, for ai"- 
fi^ingayearlyPaypci^t UoTaFrenfliBi*jt Mit^abitif^ 

ral Totftis; and another Bill iof the Expulfioitof 
all Frtiub)tun out of the Realm, paiTed the Houfi) q{ 
Lordf, but was rejected by the Cqmqioi^ ; thq 
latter on a neai' Dlyifiqn, io6 agaisll iii. All 
thel^; fhcw that the Lofs of Calais ocqafion^ a ^reat 
Refentment in the £Mgii/b ParliameiU ; wid that 
the Nation were-thep t)o[ without ftt^t Fears and 
Apprehenfions, as tbey mig^ vfO, he, thait. im- 
portant Port being takjcn. a Prtncb Army tjo Hears 
ufd at open Warlipth with /><mi:< and ^fff/«i|^. : 
Towards the End of this SelCai) a Bill wUi 
brought in for the Con^rmation of the Qycj^'i^ 
Letters Patent. It was read a third Time iq thft; 
Houfc of Lords, February z6, and waf paSed j, 
ihp Ea/bof Oxford, AmnuleU, and Dtrbg, with the 
Lords Cebham and Moantjej, diflentlng. It was re- 
turned by the Commons on the 7th ofjlifartbf the 
lafl Day of this Seffion, with perjialn Ameodcsjerits. 
TbisBillwag dcligncd chiefly for con tiiminKthe Re- 
liglpu.slToundations the Queen had nude. Whilft it 
was depending in the Lower Houfe one ^ Mr- ^^- 
^jt^a Member, happenedtofay in the Debate, *Thd 

* he did not approve of fuch a geqeral Qon^tnia- 

* tipn of all {he had glven^ or might give ;, uo- 

* der Colour of this, Ine might di^ofc of the Crowqi. 

* from the right H^irs to iL' The Uoafe ^as 
much ofTended at this, and Cepity was HfSfle tff. 
v^ithdiaw. He was voted guilty of great Irrcver 
r^nce to the Queen; and though he alj:ed Pardcw, 
afid dcGred it rnight be imputed to his Youth, yet, 
they kqpt him in tl)c Serjeant's Hands till they had 
feat to the Queen tp defiie her to forgive his Of' 

k Barmi eiimtoully ciUi Liia Cntlrft 

:i>» Google 

^ENGLAND. 353 

fam. Sbe mmmed for Anrwer * That, U their n^ialKitf. 

* Reqocft, Ihc rc»6i\f forgave bin) i but deTired 

* tben to examine turn front whence that Motion 

* Ipnutg.' There is no more entered in the Jmy- 
mat about diis A£ir ; and it reeim to have been 
dropp'd; fautitQmntlajnBifliop fi»riwr,apniper 
RcfeMineAt in the Houfe, at well ai their high 
£Aeem for.tbeQnccn« and their Rcft^ution to faavQ 
the Crown detcend, after her Death, to her Sifter'. 

An A8t wai made in this Parliament alio, which 
\n» read two or tiiree Ttfncs in the laft, < That 
Acceflaries to Murder and divetfe Feloniet fliouU 
not have their Clergy; Co which was added, at firl^ 
Tbatthcy nught not have the Benefit of San£hiiry. 
Sut becatife thti Addition might hinder fo ufcful a 
fiill from paffing, the Churchmen being very tena- 
ctous of their Priv^eges, it was thought convenient 
to- leave it out, and a IcparatcBilJ brought in con- 
^eroingSanduaries, which was wholly to take them 
wmay, Agoinftthis Fttitnham, then Abbot of Z^^- 
mtii^itr^ for the Sake of his Church's Privileges in 
diat Particular, made much Oppofition, and deftied 
«o be heard by fais Coun&l. It was ordered that he 
fivMiidconie down to the Houfe tite next Oay, and 
thejr Ihould be hcanl. Accordingly the famous 
Mr. PUwJtMy and Dr. Stiry, a Civilian, appeared 
fee him, v>d produced feveral antient Grants fiofp. 
tha ^tngi of this Realm, and aJ(a the Queen's 
Gf^ntfoctkeConGtmattonoihis Sanfluary i and 
thiHi they deliced the Houle to confider for the Pre- 
bmdo« of the fame. It is probable that the 
t^kple Bill W4S let drop, for we hear no more of it } 
and it is certain that it did not paEs into a Law in 
tkis Reiga. 

An ASk, infli^ng five Years Imprifonment, or 
ft k>tigB FinCt on all thole concerned in conveying 
ftwtyand BMrryiiw young Hetpclles, under Ibcteea 
Yean of Age* pal&d thb Sel£on, and is printed at ' 
I^ength amongft the SiatuUi at iarge, cap. viit. ' 
^Mim 4^5 Piu/if and Maty. It is remarkable, 


1^4 ^^ Parliamentary H1st6ry 

W.Jjarfji&rr.that ftmr Lords and one Biftiop diflenteii at tJtS' 
paffing (his Bill. A private Aft was pafTed Tor thti 

Knights, the only two furviving Sons of the great' 
Duke aiNorthumbtrtahd. This Rabtrt, In the next 
■ Kelgn, was the famous Earl of LtUtfltr. — There 
was alfo a Difpute fettled in this Parliament be- 
tween the Lords Clintan and Staffard, for Prehemi- 
nence of Place ; in which the former was pirovcd to 
have the Preference* 

On the 7th Day of Merrch the Queen came trf 
the Houfe of Xxtrds and paflcd the Bills, lixteen ill 
Number, though the StatuU-Beek only fays teOi 
After which the Lord -Chancellor, by her Majefty'i 
Command, prorogued this Parliament to' the jth 

iss*^ At trhichTime, being again afremblcd,tlieypn>^ 

At Wcjlminfit. tecded to Bufinefi ; which the Journals of the Ldrdi 
inform us was only reading fome Bills, feemtngl]^ 
Bill for Rcflrainc^f ^^ gj-^^j ChnfequcncC ; except one, whofe Titltf 
■* '*"*^«"' was, * That no Man (hall print any Book or Bal- 
' lad, i£c. unlefs he be authorized thereunto by thtf 
' King and Queen's Majcfties Licence, under thi 
* Great Seal of England.' As this is the firft Re- 
ftraint to the Liberty of the Prefs which we have 
yet met with, it is the more remarkable^ becaufif 
tt fhews us that the Art of Priming, which had not 
then been much more than half a Century in Ufe; 
Was become fo obnoxious to the Government, that 
they weie obliged to have Recourfc to aft A^ of 
Parliament to reftrain it. What Fate this Bill 
would'have had in the Houfe of Commons is un- 
certain ; for at the third Reading, on the l6th of 
Novemher, the Clerk breaks off the Ltrdt' Jeumd 
Very abruptly. This muft be occaftoned by the 
defpcrate State thcQueen was then in, who died the 
next Day, November 17 ; and by het Death thit 
Parliament was diffolved. 

This is all we can meet *ith, worth Notice, in 
thtf Authority above-cited ; but the ydiriuih of 
the Commons eive us the foUowins Account: 

■ I,, Google 

tf ENGLAND. 3jj 

' On Ac Till of Iftmmtttr tbe <;^k«ii fent for»u^nidAf»7. 
tfte Speaker ef the HoulcofCammons, and ordered 
him to Qfvn to tbcm the tit Condirlon the NatJoD 
Whs in; for, though there was a Treaty begun at ' , 

Camirof, yet it was iwccffary to put the Kiirgdoia 
In a Pofture of Defence, in Cafe It JhouM mifcarry; 
but the Comtnom weie fo dtflatitiAed, that they 
trouM come ta no Refolution : So, on the 14th 
Day <A November^ tht Lord Chanoellor, the Lord- 
Treafiirer.theDukeof Nor/fl/ijtheEarls oiShrtv^- 
hiry and Ptmbreiej the &\{hops ■ oi LtJuion, IVin- 
cbefttr, Linctltti and Cariijh, the Vifcount Metttt' 
■ tult, the Lords Clinton and Howard, came down 
to the Houfe of Conimoni, and fat in that Place of 
*be H(V° vhcfc the Privy Couufcllors ufed to fit. 
The Speaker left his Chair, and he, with the Privy 
CdunfelloTs tb«t were in the Hoirfc, came and fat 
on low Benches before them. The Lord-Chan- 
cellor Slewed the Ncceffity of granting a Subfidy 
Co defend the Nation, both from the Frentb and 
fhe Seels, When he had done the Lords with- 
dfew ; but dio' the Commons entered both that 
and the two Allowing Days into the Debate, die^ 
came to no Iffue in their Confiiltations. 

It was now a very fickly Seafon for Ague^ aai 
tnirning Fevers, which were very mortal, both thi( 
and the lad Year, and carried off Abundance «f 
People, as our Hiftoriam tel) us. It wm alio con- 
tagious ; which occadoned the Houfe to give Li- 
cence for one Jebn Thacktr^ Burgefs for Dtrhy, ta 
be sbfent, he having reported that the Town was 
fore infected from whence he came. And, Ibmc 
fiew Days ^fter, an Order was made by the Houfe, 
That every Member who was fick flioutd be ex- 
cufed fi-om Attendance. And whereas a Motion 
was made. That every Member, being fick, might 
be expelled the Houfe, and Wi^ts made oiit for 
electing another in his room, it waa refolved in the 
Negative. - 

■ The Reafon why the Commons came to no Re- 
folution about granting a Subfidy, was occafioncd, 
no Doubt, by £e Queen's Death ; finccj in all Pro- 
Vol. IIL Z baWlity, 

■ I,, Google 

3 56 5^ Parlikmentaty' History 

Wi/ifMdjifflr^bability, accwdingio ibeCliites above, . (feey had 
not Time to frame aBill for that Pkrpofe : Fot, 
an tI1e.17th.of ATro^Jniw, a MeJT^ge was ient by 
tbe Lords to theX-QwerHoufc, retjiiif jng tbe Speaker 
and their wholfr.Houfc to coihct? tbemi when 
they Ihoutd hear certain MattffSjhat- the Lorda 
had to communicate to them. Whei£Dpon faCt 
with the left of the Houfc, went up > and the Lord- 
The Deith of t^bancellor told them, That God had taken th< 
ihe Q|i,uu, Queen to his Mercy, but had furnifhed them with 
another Sovereign Lady, my hi&y. Elizabeth, ^n 
Grace. And then willed the Knights and Bur-^ 
geiTes to refort to the Palace, where the Lords 
\vould come and caufe her Grace to be proclaimed 
.Queen of England, i^e.- and imrpediately after the 
faid Proclamation was there made; 

Thus far the. Jtuniel. The Queen's Death 
could not 6e called fudden, or unexpet^d, for Ibc 
had never enjoyed her Health fince (he parted with 
tbe falle Conception mentioned before. Our Right 
Reverend Author reckons up fome more Rcafbns 
for bringing her to her End. The gre^t Negled 
of.King Poilip, her Hufband ; who, after he de- 
fpaired of. having any IlTue by her, had Jeft tbe 
Kingdom and her to fhifc for themfclves ; and had 
drawii her into a dangerous and expenfive War 
into the Bargain. The Lofs of Calais had alfo 
given a mortal- Sttolfc to her Peace of Mind ; and, 
joined to the oth^ Misfortunes of this Year, had 
much increafed her Melancholy : So that a long 
Declenfion of Healthy and a Decay of Spirits^ 
brought on a Oropfy, which put an End to bcr 
unhappy Life. Within a .few Hours after the 
A> J' .Queen, dicdalf?|CardinalPfl/*,ArchbiftiopofCfl«- 
File. iet.burj, after be had Itruggled lome lime with 

the Quartan Ague : A Man, whom a great Hifto- 
rian"^. allows to be more refiowned for his Piety, 
learning, and Ii^tegri^}!) (ban for the Glory of lut 
Royal Defcent ; iho' he was Son to the Daqghter 
t^Gfsrge Duke Qf-Clertacn, Brother toEdtvardlV. 
King of England. 


f CamJtn'i lattoduQioo V) bis Hllloty of Qoeen Eliiaitik, 

.■i>, Google 


. Itia fiid, by Sandtri ,\'Ttiit when Qoeen MaiyPtiBftmiUff. 
found that {he muA die,, the fent ibmc Noblemen 
tp the i'^y EHxabethy who Was. to fucceed heri 
to deiirc certain. Things of her ; but cfpeciaUy 
two. The firft wa^, That flie would, take Care 
to tep^ vih&i^ams Mary had talctn up of her Sub- 
jefts. fot, the Public.Scrvicej but,'in Truth, to 
carry on the War flje had entered into to pIcaTeher " 
^lufteild Ph'Hp- Thc^otjier, That flic would not 
permit the Catholic Religion, then conftituted and 
cftalilifbed in England^, Xa be overturned ^ain. 
£oth[^ which, this Author lays, flie promifed, but 
performed neither. But Satt^ers's Partiality to the 
Cathotii; Caufe is^ fu^iept;Iy expQfed hy Bifliop 
Burnet and otliers.' "It is certain, however, that 
Queen Mary borrowed a great deal of Money, both 

tl^is Year and the Jaftj from-the City' of^W^i, and 

itio^ rich Men of the Reatm. Another -Autliof ' ' 
writea ", That flic lifed various Ways to ralfa 
Sums ; as giving out Privy-Seals, for.which the te- ' 
quired a hundred Pounds a Piece from, filch as 
Vero judged wealthy, whether Gentlemen or 
others ; which caufcd great Murmurings amongft 
thePepple, becaufe large Subliflies'.had been levied 
by Ail of parliament. ' That in this laft Year file 
again required great Loans of Money from alt 
Farts and was fo indigent as to drop from Ico/. 
to bp,rrowing ,oF 50, 46, a'o, nay even l6l. ac- 
cording to People's Abilities. This caufed more 
Murmurings ; and, as our AutHor fays; It troubled 
the Queen as much 5 for (be made it one of her 
latl Requcfts to her Siller and SuccelToT to fee thefe 
Loans fatisfied, fmce be found flie could not live 
long enough to get another Aid granted by Parlia- 
ment^ It is Co be observed, alfo, that no Authors, 
except the lall quoted^ mention thefe Tmalt Loans, 
whieh feem much below the 0ignity of[a crowned 
Head to borrow. Old Stewe, indeed, tells us, 
:, ' Z 2 Thatf. 

i ~ ■ D< Sciijiulf ADflicuio. 

1^ " Cvafrrt Ctrfgicli. See the AnDotationi on tU> ReJsD, 1» 

[ XfHiui'iPiillfriP/S'igU*^^ NoM.t") Vol, U. p. J59. 

p:hy Google 

35$ 7>* ParJ/ffffww/ifry'HisTOKY 

rtiUfmihftrf. TTiit, in t*ic Taft Year ^f tfie .Quecn, a Pr<?ft or 
Loan was granted )jy the Cny (jf LsnAn to her of 
20,ooo/, for a'Ycat j btit tha,t they 'had' Security 
for' the fatncQutofthe Crovn Lan^s, an4..wcie to 
ha/e twelyc f /r C««. for the Money*. 

Lofd Chief Juftice C«:**haiii^i'(en us-the Nanjw 
df fpvfral Mtmbers of thcu^olaft pArlismenB of 
t^is Queen, (whg, diftilyng the Propccditjgs, left" 
their Seats in the Houfe of C(imi(ions) jaltpn from 
the Wf its df their Piofecwions. No judgijicnt i» 
entered a^ainft them j and it.fcisms as if the Natn^ 
of the Cities and Towns, to. inoft of ihem, were 
tlie places tlic Members feiVed for. Wij^iajlcoD- 
ihie this Keign with a Lift vf their Naples asibl- 

TbtHiiTrtrf Thf.CiinflaiU,A»Grimf- Jrthur AIU«t At Cnit 

_ fc»er.lMeiiibetl. hj^ COm. A/ITC '. StiftsU 

^trn, Copi. Ltie. Jtoi^y Com. ffarw. 

JeM Hokraft, fen. de Ralph Srown, dc tyati- 

, Knt. hvJtt, Com. ffiirw. 

Thaotas Semerfely de — , RtcfmrJ Rajltteit Ae — , 

Geerge PffrerSjieMari- Mfirjh Wyrlej^ de Civit, 

jai. Com. Htrif, Liubfitld, 

Nichalai Pgvjirtll,Ae Ex- Waller Jtifin, de VjH. 

tiH^on, Cofti. Natt. A^Kingtiimfuptr ftitf, 

Tiomai M(yUj^ de -. — , Geirgt Lyu de Villa, &- 

Coin. Ji!^i7if, &^, 

Thomas tfattrsy At ..-'■!—, yefoi Hctri, de Bri^gi- 

WilUam TyUecit de Ci- boj-/*. Com. 5^/«^, 

vit. Dr««. yiihn-Alfe^,Ae Villa iW- 

cbynfUigb,Com.Surr. Jf^ittiamLawrtacttAeO- 

Knt. *lt. ffintm, 

Matthew Cmdeciy dc Rebtrt Hudfsn,AtKiAemt 

ViUa, Slaford, Edmund Roufi, de i)i>l- 

f%e«af Parker de — — , wicri. Com. 5»f^. Knt. 

r Sttm't Ctrtni'li. p. Sj». 

. I CeJi'a 4 Inft. p. ig, 2P. 

> Thli Man knd (even otheit are lUil t* b» ml%ai, i, 

■ i>, Google 

tf ENGLAND. 3^9 

Rait&iCoppingt,At{hn- Richari BfWfer, d^ d-PrnfUAm-j, 

viebi Gom. 3ujf. rimdtlt^ Con. Suff. 

Jfhn Harmtn, de Hofyi- yohn Rakerts, de •— — , 

tie Regis, et R^tib. Wiiliam Daitif, Ac — , 
/f'illiain Crintch, de ff^ti- Com. /fe/lm. 

/nW, Com.'fiM. Rahrl GriJftA, dc Ntia- 

■ Thattou LewttiitfftlkMf Ssrum, Com, Ifiitif 

Com. Sent. 7^^' Htoper^ de eadea, 
»W/flffl Gflrf«y(f, de ea- William Clark, de ^ 

dem, Griffith Curtys^ de Br-ii- 

i></<^ JVy/w, de ^ar/- >?«<, Com. U^tHsy 

bm. Com. /f?/«, Henry Hill, de Pm/«, 

Ediuard Braxdttit dcCi» Com, ^f7/M, 

»it. Wtrctft. Edward Vpitn, de Civ. 

Giergt Ntuipgrt, de London, 
Droilviicb, Cam. ffvrc. yahn Rtadt, dc eadem, 
y»hH.Har/»rde,ie Civil. IVilliam Hamffiirt, dc 

Cevinirj, eadem, 

Niebdas Fty/b, de — , yjiu T^^arj, de , 

yames Srttm, de ■ — ■, 

YiiAn Paytntf — — , 1 ' 

Yfli6a Chrnty, - - — i I 

"n^lliam Oxtndehf-^y V Com. £iM/j 

Thomas Kiysy ■ < , I 

William Haniiinglaii,'t*-' 

yohn Afi)iuniham,ic^/f^ Nicbelat Criffe, de —t 

iuritham. Com. Suffl Edward Hirhrrty de 
William Reynaum.deClv, StavaUy, Com. Sa/, 

C/«y«. Com. Sa^ ^iViar*/ i/ojp^*, 
William Woodjtrt, ie Jobn de KnjtU, de , 

Slindtn, Com. 5«^. J/. 7o««, de , 

William Pellet, dc Stein- Meredith Gainei, 

sag. Com. Suf. Richard Bulklett de — , 


The Popilh and Prdteflant Writers of. thefe 
Times vary, as far as Black from White, in giving 
Queen jlidry a Charader I one'Sic^ making her a 
Saint, and the other a Devil. It is ncedlcfs to 
enter into thefe various and oppofite DiCputesi 
but ofee Remark feems neceflarj to make, whicl< 
23, if 

.■i>» Google 

'360 Tie Parliame/tiary HisTbuy 

l'*«i>w4*H''iB this : Her Father, to bring about his Reformi- 
tian, kept one Parliament feveral Years ; btrt the 
Daughter, to reftore Things to their former State, 
.bad a new one almoU every Year. And that 
whatever Cruelties are imputed to her Bigotry, 
they inuft be allowed to have been adcd by Au- 
thority of Parliament ; without which they couU 
not bare been executed by Law. 



2/ E N G L A N D. 361 


JLf'fR y, the eldeft Daughter of K. Htmj Vllf. q^ £/,„*«*. 
■*'-' being dead without Iffue, Elizabilb, the young- iis>- 
eft( according to the A£l of Succeffionot the 35lh of 
her Father's Reign, and the Appointment of his 
Will, fucceeded to the Crown. She was proclaimed 
Queen of England, i^c. immediately on her Sitter's 
Demife ; and was crowned ai Wiftminjitr on the 
\y!aQi January, 1558-9, by Dr. O^l^rAar^, Bi- 
fliop aiCarliJU ; the A^chbifliop of nr*, and fome 
other Bidlops, refuting to allift at the Solemnity. 
When the laft Queen died, [he, Parliament was 
flill litting, as hath been before related. A modern 
Hiftorian ' telU us, ' That her Counfellors and Mi- 
niflers were flruck with Aftonifhment at the Sud- 
dennefs ;of it ; that they kept it fecret for fome 
Hours, in order to confult what was belt to be done 
in the Succcffion, But, as the Parliament was fit- 
ting, it was not in their Power to decide any Thing 
concerning it ; efpecially as it was clearly fettled 
by the Will of Henry the Eighth, authorized by an 
A3 of Parliament that had never been repealed. 
Their Confultation therefore ended, adds our Au- 
thority, in a MefTage, which was barely to in- 
form the Parliament of the Queen's Death.' This , 
is Mr, Ropin'i Story ; by which he would in- 
fmuate, that as the Council could not conclude this 
Matter, the Right of Succcffion waited for a Deter- 
mination by Parliament, Unfortunately for this 
ereat Hiftorian, a much greater Authority is againft 
him ; for the ynurnals both of Lords and Commons 
abfolutely tell ua. That ihe Declaration of the 
Queen's Death was made to both Houfes, by the 
L<ord-Chailce1Jor, the very Day (he died. And that 
he nominated to them her Succei&r, and defircd the 

I Jt^w't BiJInj tfEnilmi, Fot, Ed. Vol, II. p. ;a. 

p:hy Google 

362 716/ TarUaaetttvry History 

<t, EVmtUtb. Concurrence of both Houres to affift at the Procla- 
'SS'* mation of the Ledj Elizabeth, hir Grace. 
Befides, there was no Occafion for the Counfctlora 
of the late QiiMn to be itriick with A&^ntfliincnt 
at her Death ; when they mufi have known that 
her Cafe was defperate lome Time before ; and, 
confequenEiy, a DilToIution daily cxpe&ed. 

But, to begin with this fteign, it is neceOaiy to 
acquaint the Reader, that Eli^ahtlh retained ttut- 
teen of her Siflet's Privy Counfellors, at that Tiae 
all zealous Catholics, and added eight new ones, 
who were ei^ually attached to the Reformed Reli- 
gion. The Mantes of the former were. Heath, 
Archbifhop of Ttrk \ tViUiam pauUtf Mxrquis of 
Wimhtfter, Lord-tl^h-Treafwer j I^-H Fi'%- 
Alatt, Earl of yirwtdtU ; Francis Talbot, Earl of 
Shrtwjhurj ; Ediuard Stanliy, Earl of Dtrby ; /f?/- 
Ham Herbtrtf Karl of Ptmbrik* j Edviord Feiyt, 
Baron of Clinteu, Lord- High- Admiral ; fPiUtam 
Lord Howard, of Bpngham, Xiord-Chambeilain j 
Sir Ihemas Cbmey, Sir Wiliiam Pttre, Sir Jthn 
Mafan, Sir Richard Sackvil, and Or. ff^otUn, Dcut 
of Uanttriury. Bumtt fay», that moft of theft 
Counfellois had complied with all the Changes that 
bad been made in ReliEUonT backward and forward, 
fince the latier £nd oF£ Henrjh ftcign ; and 
*[ere fo dextrous at it, that tney were Hill employed 
in every new Revolution ".' The Protellant Couh 
Jellors «ere» H^iUiam Parr, Marquis of Narlh' 
ampton ; Francis Rujily I.u\oi Bedford ; SirTV 
mai Perry, Sir Edward Rogers, Sir Ambroft Cavtt 
Sir Franxit Knoiiei, 3tr ft^iliiam Cecil, and Sic 
Nicbelas Boom, loon after made Keeper of ttut 
Great Se^ ■. 

As it is the Purport dfttiis Hiflory to ftick entire- 
ly to thcPartiamentery Proceedings^ lb all the other 
Incidents of this Reign, except fucb as may ferve 
to illuKrMe Ibme dark Parages, will be omit- 
ted. The larger HtDorlans, amaagft whom it 
the gieat Caa^in the particular Visiter of this 

■ Rf/ermMin, VoL II. p. 375. 

■ i>, Google 

Y BN C L A N a J03 

.Queen's Lifv i ud the Chnuude^ neur tfais Tiof*, %, MUm^th 
ar« amply filled with Matter copious ensugb to 'Hi' 
^itisfy tbc moft (reedy Appetite for Hidory. To 
thofc, tberefore, wc Inve the TntaC^&ioas of Pexee 
or War, exempt front Parliamentary Inquiries | 
which laft will ajooc fumiOi Matter cnosgh for our 
Purpofe.-;— — To begin: 

Very ibon after the CoroDation z Parliamint 
met, which had been called by Writs, daUd at 
ffijiminfitrj Duimhtr U to meet there oo the ajd 
of Jatiuajy following. 

Being all aficmUed, and tbc Kecsiveri and **"" *ce"> >• 
Triers of Petitions appoisted on Movd^ the zs), '^^ 
aaafsrefwd, the Lord-Keeper, and other Great Of-'*' *''^"*^ 
ficcrs of State, declared to the whole Parliuncnt, 
that, by reafon of the Queen's IndllpofitioDT h<r 
Majefty dutH not come down to the HouCt on that 
Day ) but had fcnt a Writ of Prorogation to pro» 
rogue the laid Parliament to Weiiu^iaj the 25th 
Innant ; and the fiiid Writ was read accordingly f. . 

The Names and Titles of the Temporal Lords 
attending this Parlismefit, are as follow '^ : 
' Sir Nicbtiat Baan, Knt. Lord-KMpcr of ihp 
Great Seal, is put down firlt every Day in the 
Lerdi' Journal i but, being noPeerof iheReaIn, 
the ia& Writ was direded to JVHliam Mar()uit 
of ^iHcbtJeTy then Loid-Higb-TrsabiMf of Sagf 

ThemasX^uVe ot Ntrfiiit Franch Earl of Shftw/-^-^ of >b« 
Earl Marlhal of £ag- hury, P«"*=- 

laittif EdatarJ Eju] of Dtrly, 

Jabn £ad of Oxfari, WiUiam £arl of ITtr- 
Lord-Great- Chamber- eifltr, 
lun of Enitawd, Htmy Ea^l of RMtUmi^ 

Htnrj Karl sf JrtmdtUt Hti^y, £ail ai Cutnisf- 
Htvry'EMlafffeJimTi- landt 
. landi Tifonfas Earl «f Su£i»4 

r The Form of lbs Wiit k Inferted it Lcotth ia tbc U^^ ^ 
$ Daffith't Samtum It PtrlMmati An. H«t. t EHk, ■ 


364 Tde Parlkm^taty 'fiiiroRY 

ti^ESM^ktii. Francit Ear^ t^ Hun- Henry -i^tt Scnoty of 
*«'■ iingdon, ' ' BullBn, 

FraiKts Earl of Bedftrit, Edmund Laid Suttetiy of 
mUiam Ear! of i'«m- Dudhj, 

broitf • yames Blount, Lord 

Jnthany Vifcount Aft»- Mountjoy, 

tagut, Arthur Lord Darcity of 

Thtmai Vifcount /fttw- Darcie, 

crd, of Binden, John Lord LumJtj, of 

fAtf. Finyi^ Lord C//n- Lumley, 

/«,Lord-High Admi- T'*««'rr S/flBfry, Lord 

ral of England, Montegle, 

iFiUiam Howard, Lord ffllliam Lord Burgbty 

Efngham, Chamber- jj*'*" -Paw^'^ Lord St. 

lain of ihe HouOiold. Jtbn, of Bafiag, cidcft 
///xr; Nevile, Lord fi«r- Son to the Marquis of 

gavtnny, Winchifltr^ 

y tin Tauchtl, Lord Aud- ffUliam Lori WilUuih' 

Ity, hj, of Parbam, 

• Jitnry Stanliy, Lord Jthn Lord Sbiffield, 

Grmgi, eldcft Son to John liord Darcie, of 

the Earl of Z3*ri/, Chiche, 

HinryParitr,ljs3tAMor- Edmund BruggeSj Lord 

ky, Chandos, 

lyiUiam Broektt Lord Edward Lord HafitngSt 

Cohham, of Loughborough, 

George Loid Ta/bot, • Henry Carey, Lord Huiip- 
Henry Lord Stafford, don, 

William Lord Gr«r of Ofiwr Lord Sr. 7<A», gf 

Henry Lord Ha/HngSf 

■ On Wedntfdey the 2sth bf yanuary the Queen 
was prefent in the Houfe of Lords ; but there U 
nothing entered in t\ityBurnals hut the Introduc- 
tion of the Lord VHcount Howard, and the Lordi 
Beftings, Dareey, Hunfdon, and St. yobn of Blet- 
/«, by the Queen's Writs, to take their Scats in 
that Houre. It is remarkable that the Abbot of 
IVe^minfter fat there in this Parliainent, but never 
after. But though the Journati are fdent in thk 
Speeches, and fidlei Proceedings at the Beginning 

■ I,, Google 

■ of E NG^L AN D; • 36^ 

of thiaParliament,' they are ampily flipplifeil by a Qi EHn^itL 
carefut Colicftor of thofa Matters and other Patlia- *^^** 
nientary Proceedings, thronghoutlhc- whole Courfe 
of this Reign. Ttusw^i^r Simimnd!^ D'£wis, 
Knt. and Bart, whofe Authority, as it is tinqaellion- 
able, we fliall quote from with the fame Afiurance 
.as the yournali of both Houfea, when tbey are de- 
ficient in any material Circumllances *, And the 
ZiOid- Keeper's Spe^h at the Opening of this Par- 
liament, being omitted in the Jtumahy we give it 
irom the Colle^ion aforefaid as follows : 

My Ltrdt and Mefitrt aU, ■ 

* rpIHE Queen's moft' excellent Majefty, ourTi"!*^^"^ 

* ■ J, natural and ilioft gracious Sovereign ^^^Yt'tfoZlii^^ 
.^ having, as you know,' fummbndd' hither her Highpuiuowiu. 

* Court of Parliament, hath commanded tne to 

* open and declare the chief Caufes atid Confidera- 

* tions that iiioved her Highncfs .thereunto. And 

* here, my Lords, I wilh (not without great Caufc) 

* therewereinme Ability todoit infuchOrderand 

* Sort as is befeeming for her Majefly's Honour^ 

■ and the Underftandmg of this Prefencc, and as 

* the 'great Weightincis and Worthinefs of the 

* Matter doth require it to be done. The Remcm- 
'* braricc ^hereof, and the Number of my Impfer- 

* ftdions to the well- performing of it, doth indeed 

* (plaint)^ to fpbak) breed in me fuch Fear and 

■ Dread, that as from a Man abaflicd, and well nigh 

* aftonied, you are to hear all that I fhall lay 

* therein. True it is, that fome Comfort and En- 

* couTflgemcnt I take,' through the Hope- 1 have 
' conceived, by that I h^vc fcen and heard of your 

* gentle BufFerance by others, whereof I look upon 

■ equal Cau(e equally with others to be Partaker ; 

* and the rather, for that I amfure Good-'will {hall 

* not Want in me- 16 do my uttermoft ; and alfo, 

* be^nfel mean to-occupyasfnlatlaTime as the 

* Qreatfltifs of fuch' a Caufe will fuffer ; thinking 

' that 

* Tbe yimnali •ct ill <^nn Etixaiitb't ParUnuBti, b;; Sii 

»mmMd, D'fiff,.- PyJiUb^ ^ffitiBnuhiiv Fol- MK 

.■by Google 

366 • 7& RwJlwalflfito^Hls'foRy 

fi^EBm^t, t ^t to Ik the mceteft Medicine to cUre j'oul' te- 
'^i ' * dious Hearing, and nunc impetfed and diwiteei 

* faking, fummarily to l«f , the immtdlatc Caufe 
' x^ this Summoni and A^m^ly, be Coarultatioits, 

* Advket and Coiitetfati0d : For aJtbot^ diniis 

* Things that arc to ' be lioot hbn in Patliain4itt, 

* inight,byMeanfl,bcTsf6ralBdwilhoutParliuiicn^ 

* yet the Qaten's M«jelty fcblitt^, in her Coirfklci- 

* tion of ImportanCt, Contentation by Aflkti^ and 

* Surety by Advice ; and tbercin repofiRg herfitlf 

* not a little in your Fidejttiu, WifdonU, jUid DiC- 

* cretions, incaneth not at this Time to make any 
< Refolutions in any Matter of Weighty before it 
' Qiall be by vou fufficiently and fully debated^ «iP- 

* atnineil* and cooriflcrcd. l^ow the Mattert and 

* Caufci wberciipon you arc to oanfult, are (^lefljr 

* and principally three Points. Of thofe the fa-ji 
' a. Of wdf making of Laws, for the according and 

* uniting of thefe People of the Reaio) into an uni- 

* form Older of Rclioioh, to the Honovr and GI017 
■ of God^ the eftabli£ing of the Church^and Tran- 

* ouillity of the Realm. The ficend. For the rs- 

* forming and removing of all Enormities and Mit 

* chiefs that mij^ht hurt or hinder the Civil Oiden 

* and Policies of this ftealra. The titrd, anJi}^ 

* 'n, Advi&dly and deeply to weigh and coBfidir the 

* Eftatc and Condition of this Realm,^tlie2«g^ 

* and Decays that have happened of Utc to the tm- 

* penal Crown thereof ; and therefore to advife ibe 

* heft Remedies to fupply and relieve the fame. I^'or 

* thefty?iTbe(iiiceQ'sMajefty,bavingt3odbefoBe 

* her Eyes, and being neither unmindful of Pro- 

* cepis ■nddiviaeCoitnreU^ineaiNtb and inteii4«fb, 

* in this Conference, £rft ^ chiefly tt)src HuvM 

* be IbughttheAdvMtceitif/i^pfGod'iJti^liiouraiid 

* Glory, as the fure and infallible foundation 

* whereupon the Policies, of fvoi^ gpod CtynnioiH 

* wealth are to be «re^ed aod knit ; and aa the 

* flraight Line whereby it is i^holly. tq ,1m; diri^bMl 

* and governed ; and as the chief Pillar and But- 

* trefswhervwithitisrcantinvallytobefuftaiasdand 

* maiaoincd. Ani like h the welt ftftd feiMt 

■ 1,, Google 

tf E N G-L A N D. 36^ 

joing i£ thb cannot but make good Succcft %. BKxaiai, 
in all the reft, lb the remifs and loofe dealing in '^^'' 
this cannot but m^cc the nft full of Imperfec- 
tions and DoubtfiilnefB ; wluch muft necda bring 
with tkem continual Change- and Alteration; 
Things much to be ctchewcd in all good GoMr- 
nancet, and moA of all in Matters of Faith and 
Religion { which of their Natures be, and ought 
» be, moft ftable. 

* Wherefore het-Highneft witleth, and tnoft 
earnedly requireth, ^on all, firft and principally, 
for the Duty you bear unto God, vrtiofe Caufe 
this is } and then for the Service you owe to he^ 
Majcfty, and your CpuiHry, whofe Weal it con- 
CM-neth univcrfally; and for the Love you ouffht 
to'bear to yourfrlvet, whom it t6ucheth-Wiel>y 
one particularly t that, m this ConfiiltarioRt you* 
with all HumbRneft, Singlenefs, and Purencfs of 
Mind, coafirm yourfelros together, ufing your 
whole EiKleavour and Diligence, by Laws and 
Ordinance, toeftablilh that which, by yourLearn- 
ing and Wifdam, fhall be thought moft meet for 
-the^ well perfonning of this godly Purpofe : And 
this inthout Refpe^ of Honour, Rule or Sove- 
reignty, Profit, Plnfiiie or Eafe, or of any T^ing 
Xkat might (Duch liny Perfon in Efttmatioo or 
O^nlen of Wit, Learning, or Knowledge ; and 
without all Regard of other Manner of AfllefUon. 
And (herewith, that you will alfo in this your Af- 
fembly and Conference clearly forbear, and, as a 
great Enemy to good Council, fly from all Man- 
nerof Contentions, Roafonings, and Difputatiotu, 
and all fophiftical, c^tioui, and frivolous Ai^u- 
ments and Quiddities, mceter for Oftentationof 
Wit, than Confultation of Weighty Matters; come- 
Her for- Scholars than Counfetlors ; more befeem- 
ing for Schools, than for Parliament-Houfcs ; 
befides, that commonly they be great Caafes of ■ 
much Expence of Time, and breed few good Rc- 
fotutions. And' lilce as in Council, all Conten- 
tion fliould be efchewed,even fo, by Council, Pro- 
vifba fliould ^ made, that 119 Conttniiom, 
\ eon- 

.:!>» Google 


Tbs 'ParUam^aity HisI-ory 

Ktf^Elinitiih. t coatumelioiis nor o^^Kbbrioui WordsiaS'H**-' 
*S^"' f,jic,,8chifmatJc, Papift, .and fiicH like Nanws*- 

* beiog.Muifes gf fiichlcfliiious.Fa^ions andSeds, 
^'b«jii^3 but baniflicd out'of. Mcn'» 

* Moi|lbtk/\as' the CaufuS, U(MitH>uer9t-'^nd Em" 
-iW«ltf9rk«f£lilplea(ure, HaKv and Malice; wUtra* 
f uttriilJ&OQmies to all Cotlcord ^nd Umty>tber««7 
?M»llMtJi?iyou arcaow cebMto:flioot «t- i 

' Again, as in Proceedings htti^ln^great and wa-^ 

* r]«TCbn£d^ratii>a'is (ti be hid, that nothing be ad- 
,' y'^A oA dptie, ^ich my. 'nay, in Continuance of 
{.TIoicWBte jiltrflyiobrwdior n'ourifli any- Kind 
' «rf WtiUtry^irSuperftitioti :■ Sp, on the otbof SMe^ 
!'H9cji ii46.botaltciithai, byhoitcetitiousorUfofe' 
* 'H>«(iltng)vfttiy Mamier..o£ Occsfion be given,' 
f Mmchy^iiojGoatcmpti, gf.irrffcwiit Bebwiom* 
*-*»^ilTd»(}t«lanil godly .Tktjig»,' or anySpifB of 

* Ifteligiori biight'cret^in, or be toncdfrad : TiiB 

* Exam pies, of iearful Pttni&awnia that h;ivcfoI'' 
f lowed: tbHc four Exiictnltkfi £.1 nKDnvJdoUti^f 

* SupQrtlition,Contenipt,an(iIifr(i|igioi), i^al|Age» 
'and Times, ar«inore<ih I^fumber than Ican^d^^ 
f clare, and belter known than. I can make Recital 

5 to yoM^of: ■ "And yet dre they nut fo mwyi W , 

* bclter.known than by the. coHtinusl budding Be-^ 

* nefita.and.Blc^ngaofGodto thofe that have for' 
' f«ken thofe £x( tern i ties ,^ and embraced tjtelr Con- 

* trariet.- And tor your..betMe encoiiraging to.iun 
i ibii right' i(nd lliaight Cou^fe, Rltho' that which ia 

* fsid ought to fufiice ihtrsto, X thinkl may affirm* 

* that th^ good King HSxiiia/i had no gieater De- 
« fire tO: amend wjiat w.a^ ainifs in his Time, net 

* the'nobU Qaeen fitjier Vr.iKKer Heart tO over- 

* throw the n^ighty Enewiei te God's £led, than 
f our goverM^n Lady and. Miftrefs hath to do that 

* may be JBft-»[)d acceptable in God's Sight^iTbu^ 

* forced to thi» by our I!)uti(fl.tq God, feared tiierielo 

* by his Ftinifbments, pi;pytikcd by his Benefits, 

* iWiyfnhy yourXo^ftlq yoU( Country and your- 

* ftlvie^, epcoiiragfd hy fo Princely a Patronefs, lei 

* us, in God's Naipe, go about this Work, endea-i 

* vuuiingourfclv«s with ^11 Diligence (as Lhjive be- 

* fore 

.■i>, Google 

^ E N G L AN D. 369 

* fate SaM) to ifiatce fuch La«;s, as.may tevd to'the Q^ Bb^inh. 

* Honour and Qlory of God^ to the Eftablifluaept *S»> 

* of his Church, and to the Tranquillity of the 
•Realm. ■:'"'.' 

\ * FoT the ffC9fldi Thereistpbeconfidered what 

* Things, by piivate Men deyifed^be pra^ifcd and 

* put in Ufe in this. Realm, f^onUuy or hurtful to 

* the Coounonweafth of theiamc, for which no 

* Law^ be yet provided j and whether the Laws« 

* before this Time made, be fufficient to rediefs tha 

* Enormities thpy were meant to remove; and 

* whether any Xaws. made but for a Time, be meet 
f tobccontinuedforever, orforaSeafon. Befidps, 

* whether any Laws be too feveie or too Iharp, oc 

* toofoft aha too gentle:. To be fliort ; you are to 

< confider all other Imperfections of Laws made, 

* and alt XV'ants of Lawa to be made, and there- 

■ upon, to provide the meeCeA Remedies ; refpeding 
« the Nature aiid Quality of the Difordcr and Of- 

. f fence, tlie Inclination and Difpogtioif of. tht * 

* PeopW and^of the Manner of the Time. 

. • For theVi6;Vi/,'and fq/i'{i, marvellous Matter) j 
' I cannot fee liow a good true Englijbman can t^- 

* ter into the Confideracion of iu but itmuftbr^d 

* in his BreafE two contrary EtfeCb ; Comfoi^. I 

* mean, and Difcomfort, Joy and Sadnefs ; For* 

* OR the one Part, how can a Man, calling to his 

■ Remembrance that God of his Divine Power and 

* Ordinance, hath brought the Imperial Crown of 

* this Realin to a, Princcfs, that fo nolily, diligently, 

* willingly, and carefully doth, by the Advice of all 

* the-£ltatcs of the Realm, feek all the Ways and 

* Means that may be, to reform all Diforders and 

* Thing's that be amifs; to continue and make firm 

< th&t that .i3'gop4j to dete£l and ^fcourage thbfe 

* that be difhonefl and evil ; to execute Juftice in 

* all Points to all Perfons, and at alJ Times, withr 

* out Rigour and Extremity; andcoufe CIcmencj 

* without Indulgence and fond pity. 

* A Princefs, I fay, that is not, nor ever meanetb 

* to be, fo wedded to her own Will and FantaGe^ 

* that, for the.Satisia^ion thereof, (he would doany 

• Thing 


J7<? ^^ ParSdmetitaryHts^oRt 

*'^ * Bendi^ to her Peo[Je ; orglve arty juft Occafioo 

* lis them ef Jiny inward Grudgr, wliereby any 

* Tumult or Stirs midit arifc, as hatbdope of late 

< Oays, Things mul pcinidoMi and pellilent to 

* the ComiBonwetltb ; a princeft, that ncTcr 
■-meaneth or itrtcndpth, for aij^ private Affc&ioBi 
'toadrancetlie'Csulf or (parrel with any foreign 
« Prince or Potentate, to t(ic Defirv^ion of her 

* Suhje^ls, to the Loft of any of her Dominioni, or 

* to the Impoverlfhine of her Realm; zPrinccfs, to 

* whom nothing, What nothing f no, no wgrdly 

* Thing under the Sun is fo dear, -as the hearty Love 

* and Good-Will of her Nobles and Subjeffs : and 

* to whom nothing is fo odiblci as that they might 

* caufe or by ^ny Means piocure the Contrary, 

* How can (I fay) a Man remember this wonder- 

* All Benefit, but of Neceffty he mnft needs heai- 
' tiJy rejoice, and pve God Thanks for the fame ? 
' But, my Lords, the handling of the princely 

* Virtues of this noble PritKcfs, the Caufe of our 

* Rejoicing, of purpofc I pretermit, partly* becavf? 
« I ever fuppofed it not altogether meet for this 

* Prefence j but, chiefly, for that it requireth a per- 

* fe& and cxcfltent Orator, In whom both Art ani) 
' Natareconcurs, and not to ipe> a Man in whom 

* both foil. Many, I wifti in tny Hean, an apt 

* Pcrfon might oft have meet Prefence, and Juft 

* Occafion, to handle thb Matter as the Weighti- 

* nefs of tb<; Cgufe requireth ; But, as the Caufei 
'ofourRaoiciOgforfuch RefpeQsbe (Thanks be 

* to God) both many and great ; fo for the Caufn 

* of our Sadneft and Difcomfort, they be neither 
•^W nor little. 

* But here upon great Caufe, as a Man perplexed 

* and anvazed,. J. ftay, not knowing what is beft to 

* be done ; very loth I am to uuer that which is 

< much unpleafant fqr me to fpeak, and as uncom- 

* fortable for you ro hear : But, becaufe Sores and 

* Wounds be hardly cured, except they be wel] 
■ opened and fearched, therefore, conflrained of Ne- 

* ceffity^ I fee I muft trouble you with tbefe fad 

• Matters. 

p -hyGoogle 

g/- E N G L A N D, 371 

* Matters. What Man, that either loveth his So- Qi, l^lin^int. 
' vcrcign, his Country, or himfelf j that thinkelh of, 'iS*' 

* and weigheth the great Decays and Lofles of Ho- 
I* nour, Strength, and Treafure ; yea, and the Peril 

* that hath happened to this Imperial Crown of late 

* Time, but tnuft inwardly and eatneftly bewail 
•the fame? Could there have happened to this 

* Imperial Crown a greater Lofs in Honour, 

* Strength, and Treafure, than to lofe that Place, t 

* mean Calais, which was, in the Beginning, fo 

* nobly won, and hath fo long Time, fo honourably 

* and politely, in all'Ages and Times, and againft 
' all Attempts, both foreign and near, both of For- 

* ces and Trcafons, been defended and kept ? Did . 

* not the keeping of this breed Fear to our greatcft 

* Enemies, and made our faint Friends the more 

* aiTured, and lother to break ? Yea, hath not the 

* winning and keeping of this bred throughout £«- 

* rcpe an honourable Opinion and Report of our 

* £nglljh timoni 

* Again, what one Thing fo much preferved and 

* guarded our Merchants, their Traffick and Inter- 

* courfes, or hath been fo great a Help for the well 

* uttering of our chief Commodities ; or what, fo 

* much as this, hath kept a great Part of our Sea- 

* Coafts from Spoiling and Robbing? To be 

* Ihort, the Lbfs of this is much greater than I am 

* able to utter, and as yet, as I fuppofe, is able to be 

* underllood by any : And yet, my Lords, if this 

* were the whole lJi3fs, then might Men have fome 

* Hope in Time to come to recover that, that in 

* Time hath been thus fuddenly and ftrangely loft : 

* But, when a Man looketh further, and confidereth 

* the marvellous Decays and Waftes of the Reve- 

* nues of the Crown ; the ineftimable Confumption 

* of the Treafure, levied both of the Crown and 

* of the Sgbjedl j the exceeding Lofs of Munition 

* and Ariillery ; the great Lofs of divers valiant 

* Gentlemen of very good Service ; the incredible 

* Sums of Monies owing at this, prefent, and in Ho- 

* nour due to be paid, and the biting I nte reft that is 

* to be anfwered for the Forbearance of this Debt ; 

Vol. III. ■ A a , * there- 

in Google 

37* ^J&^ Parliamentary History 

q^ESKOab. t therewith remembering the Strength and Mighti- 

*'5 ' * nefsofthe Enemy, and his Confederates, and how 

' ready he is upon every Occafion, upon every Side, 

* and in every Xlme, to annoy you ; and how the 

* Time moll meet for that Purpofe draweth on at 

* Hand. Again, ifaManconfider the huge and moft 

* wonderful Charge, newly grown to the Crown, 

* more than ever hath heretofore been wont, and 

* now of Neceffity to be continued ; as, fitft, the 

* Maintenance of Garrifons In certain Places on the 

* Sea-Coafls, as Perl/moutb, with new Munition 

* and Artillery, befides the new increafedCharge for 
» the continual Maintenance of the Englijh Navy to 

* be ever in Readinefs againft all evil Happs ; the 

* ftrorgeft Wall and Defence that can be againft the 

* Enemies of this llland ; and further alfo, the new 

* Augmentation or Charge, for the Maintenance erf 

* a Garrifon at BenvUi, and the Frontiers North- 

* ward. Indeed, I muft confefs that in thofe Mat^ 
' ters mine Underflanding is but fmall, and mine 

* Experience and Time to learn lefs ; but, in my 

* Opinion, this doth exceed the antient yearly Re- 

* venue of the Crown. BefLdes, that double fo 

* much is of Neceffity to be prefently fpent, about 

* thefortifyingofthoJePlaces in Buildings, When, 

* I fay, a Man remembereth and confidereth thofe 
' Things, it makeih him fo far from Hope of Rft- 

* covery of that that is loft, without fome Aid or 
■ Contribution of the Subject, that he will judge all 

* to be little enough to make and prepare good De- 

* fence for that that is left. 

* Here perchance a QueAion would be afked, 

* (and yet I do marvel to hear a Queftion made c^ 

* fo plain a Matter) What fliould be. the Caufe of 

* this ; If it were aiked, thus I mean to anfwer; 

* That 1 think no Man fo blind but feeth it, no Man 

* fo deaf but heareth it, nor no Man fo ignorant 

* but underftandeth it. Marry, withall, I think 

* there is no Man fo hard-hearted, in thinking of it, 

* but for the reftoring of it would adventure Lands, 

* Limbs, yea the Life. But now to the Remedies, 

* wherein only this I have to fay, that as the 


p:h» Google 

e^ E N G A L N D. 373 

* well looking to the whole uDiverfally is the only Q^' EiiKatab, 

* fure Prefervation of every one particularly^ fo 'ii** 
* ' feemeth it of ;ill Congruence and Reafon meet, 

' that every one particularly, by all Ways and 
' Means, readily and gladly, according to his 

* Power, fhall concur and join to relieve and aOift . 

* the whole univerfally. Neither can I fee. Things 

* fianding as they do, bow any that loveth his 

* Country, or hath Wit to forefee his own Surety, 

* can be withdrawn from this. Is there any, thinic 

* you, fo mad, that, having a Range of Houfea in 

* Peril of File, would not gladly pluck down Part, 

* to have the reft prcferved and faved ? Doth nbt 

* the wife Merchant, in every Adventure of Dan- 

* ger, give Part to have the reft afTured ? Thefc 

* Caufes well compared, fmall Diflerence Ihall bo 

* found. And for this, (aflrange Matter and fcarce 

* credible] \thh how deaf an Ear, and how- hardly 

* the Queen's Majefty may endure to hear of any 

* Device that may be burthenous to her SubjetEls, I 

* partly do underftand, and divers others partly per- 

* ceive. Is not the Caufe marvellous and pitiful, 

* that the Neceffity and Need of this ragged and 

* torn State by Mifgovernancc, fliould, by Force, 

* fo bridle and reftrain the noble Nature of fuch a 

* Princefs, that Ihe is riot able to (hew fuch Libera- 

* lity and Bouncifulnefs to her Servants and Sub- 

* je^s, as her Heart and Inclination difpofeth her 

* Highnefs unto ? What a Grief and Torment 

* this is to a noble Mind ! What a Grief? Surely 

* fuch a Grief, as, but to a noble Mind who feels, 

* it cannot be underllood. But for the more plain 

* Declaration of her Highnefs's Difpolition in this 

* Matter, her Highnefs hath commanded me to fay 

* unto you, even from my own Mouth, That were 

* it not for the Prefervation of yourfelves, and the 

* Surety of the State, her Highnefa would fooncr 

* have adventured her Life, (which our Lord long 
' preferve) than flie would have adventured to trou- 

* bleheriovingSubjefts with anyoffenfive Matter, 

* or that Ihould be burthenous or difpleafant unto 

* them i and for the further notifying of her High- 

A a a ' neis'3 

hjGooglc ■ ■ 

374 The Parliamentary tljsroitr 

q^ESn^b. t ncfi'j Mind herein, Oie hath comminded me to 
>SS*> ( fa^ iiDio you. That albeit you yourfelvcg fee that 

* this is no Matter of Will, no Matter of Dif- 

* pleafuTe, no private Caiifc of her own, which, in 

* Times paft, have been fufficient for Princes Pre- 

■ • tenccs, (the more Pity ! ) but a Matter for the 

* univerfal Weal of this Realm, the Defence of our 

* Country, the Prefervation of every Man, his 

* Wife and Family particuUdy ; yet her Majefty's 
< Will and Pleafure is. That nothing (ball be de- 

* manded or required of her loving Subje^s, but 

■ * that which they, of their own free Wills and Li- 

* bcralitiei, be well contented, readily and gladly, 

* frankly and freely, to offer ; fo great is the Tnift 

* that die repofeih in them, and the Love and Af- 
- ' fi:£tion that her Highnefs bcareth towards them, 

* nothing at nil doubting, but that they will fo lo- 

* vingly, carefully, and prudently, confider and 
' weigh this great and weighty Matter, that fuch 

* Provifion out of Hand be taken therein, as her 

* Highnefs Ihall be preferved in all Honour and 

* Royal Dignity, -and you, and the reft of her loving 
'Subjects, in common, Quiet and Surety. 

* Now to make an End : The Queen's Majefty's 

* Pleafure is, That you, her wcll-belov'ed and trufty 

* Knights of her Shires, and BurgefTcs, according to 
' your laudable Cuftom, fhall repair to your Com- 

* mon Houfe, and there deliberately and advifedly 

* cleA, or rather, amongft fo many already ele£t 
■ Perfuns, feleft one, both grave and difcreet, who, 

* after he be by you prefented, and that Prefentation 

* by her Highnefs admitted, fhall then occupy the 

* Office and Room of your Common Mouth and 

* Speaker ; and of your Day of Prefentation the 

* Queen's Majcfty will give you Notice' 

Sit TnouAt The fame Authority hath given us theCcremo-> 

Gaiioiavi, piai speeches made when the Commons prefented 

''*^'' Sir ThomasGargrtme^ Knt. as their Speaker; which 

we ftiall omit, as little different from what hath 

preceded in this Hiftory, or even what is ufed at 

this Day. 


p -hyGoogJe 

g/- E N G L A N D. 375 

On Saturday the 28th of January , the Queen <l:.E"xahib. 
being again prefent, thereis nothing entered on '^' 
the Journals ; but on Monday, J""- 30> » Bill was 
brought into the Lords' Houfe, and read a fifftAaforMftorine 
Time, for the Reftitution and Annexation of thethe Fi>ft-Frui«, 
Firft-Fruita and Tenths to the Queen'sMajeftyand^'- "> fw 
Imperial Crown of this Realm. It was read a'^"*"- 
fecond Time the next Day j and, on February 4, 
ic pafled that Houfe, with the Addition of referved 
Rents, Nomine Decimarum, and Parfonages impro- 
priate ; the Archbiftiop of Tsrk^ the Bifhops of ten- 
don, Winchejler, Worcejier, Landaff, Caventry, Exe- 
ter, Cbejler, and Carbfle, diflenting. The Tem- 
poral Lords all voted for the Bill; which, as an 
. Author obferrcs, is fomewhat ftrange, cofidering 
that they were almoft all the fame Members who 
made the hSt for returning thefe Things to the 
Church in the laft Reign ''. 

Feb. 9, Was read, for the third Time, a Bill for 
the Recognition of the Queen's Majefty's Title to 
the Imperial Crown of this Realm, which was, 
Nim, Con. alien ted to, and committed to the Queen's Anothet for Re* 
Sollicitor and the Clerk of the Crown to carry to cognitiDn of tba 
the Lower Houfe. On the fame Day was read a'i;""'' TuUi 
Billi wherein certain Offences are declar'd Treafonj 
and another Bill againft fcandalous and feditious 

Mr. Camden has placed the A<fi of Recognition 
the firft that pafled the Houfe ' : The Journals give 
it otherwife ; however, the Ai£l declared, ' That 

* Queen Elizabeth was, and ought to be, as well by 

* the Law of God, as by the Common and Statute 

* LawsaftheRealm,thelawrul,undoubtedandtrue . 

* Heir to the Crown, lawfully defcended from the 

* Blood-Royal, according to the Order of Succef- ' 

* fion fettled in Parliament the35thof /£f«r;FVlIL* 

The aforefaid Biographer obfeives on this Occa- 
sion, ' That as her Father's Aft, which related to 
the Exclulion of her and her Siller, remained ftill 
A a 3 un- 

b JJ,//,V'. £«/,/. H;fi. 

e Camdn't Lire and Reigti of Qiietn Eliuthtlb in Ktvuft HU 

Scrjoffnf/W, Vol. U, p. 371. 

.■i>, Google 

'37^ 9^^ Parliamentary HiSTORr 

Qi, Elis^ih, unrepealed, this was looked upon, in fome Men's 
'Si"* • Opinions, as a great Flaw in Bacon's Politics, whom 
the Queen relied on as the veiy Oracle of the Law, 
in Cal'es of this Nature ; and, the rather, becaufe 
Northumberland had ufed it as an Argument botb 
againfl this Queen and Mary \ for which Reafon 
Mary had got the h& repealed as far as related to 
hcrfelf. He adds. That from hence f/isa^^M might 
be termed an Ufurper, tho' ic be a landing Maxim 
of [he Law oi England, That the Crown takts avmf 
all Deftils. Another Sort of Men there was, who 
thought this a very wife Scheme in the Miniftei ; 
who, confidering the Perplexity and Uncertainty of 
Parliamentary Laws and Statutes, and that the very 
fame Thjngs which feemed to favour the Intereft 
of Queen Elizabtth, laid a Stain on the Caufe and 
Credit of her Sifter, was therefore very {hy in rub- 
bing an old Sore, which Time had now pretty well 
healed ; therefore he chofe rather to plant the 
SuccefBon on that Ai£l of the 35th of Heary VIIL 
which feemed to bear an equal and fair Regard to 
the Right and Reputation of both the Sifters ''.' 

But the A^ which met with' the greatefi Oppo- 

fitlon this Parliament, is intituled. An jf£I far re- 

Andforredormfc/^'"'''?^ '^' Supr/macy to the Imperial Cratun of ihtJ 

theSupremacy. Realm i and repealing divers A£ii made to tog an- 


Before the Houfc of Commons entered upon 
this Bill} they had a very material Cticumfizncc 
to fettle. 

"Jan. 30. A Committee of twenty-fout Mem- 
bers were appointed to meet and treat of a con- 
venient Subfidy ". At the fame Time it was re- 
commended to them to confider of the Validity c^ 
the Summons, both to the Jail and alfo to this 
ptcfent Parliament, in which faid Writ, the Words 
Supremum Caput Ecclefiie were omitted. Feh. 3, 
Mr. Carr*/ reported from the faid Committee, ThU 
it was agreed by them, ' That the Waot of the 
« faid 
* StatKla at Uift, Anno i Eli», etp. )• 
■ • f Pf»«*(> l-vrwlt, p. 44, 

p:hy Google 

e/- E N G L A N D. 377 

■ faid Words did not at all hinder or impeacK the Qi EliKaiufi. 
' Validity of the fajd Writs of Summons to the 'SS^' 

* preceding Parliaments, or this now afTcmbled.* 
After clearing this Point, which was agreed to by 
the whole Houfe, the Bill itfelf inet with no Op- 
pofttion that we can find in their "Jsumal: ' That 
Houic, according to Carndtn, being now compofed 
of more Protcftants than Papifls ; tho' the latter 
did not flick to fay that Secretary Cecil had played 
an under-hand Game In the £le<£t:ions ; and that 
feveral Knights of Shires, and BurgelTcs for Cities 
and Corporations, had been returned for this very 
Purpofe ;' But 

The Martyrologift informs us of one Member, 
in the Houfe of Commons, who boldly oppofed 
this Bill; this was Dr. yohn Story, a Civilian; who, 
according to that Author's modeft Way of Ex- 
prelBon, made an impudent and fhamelefs Speech 
againft it ' ; telling the Houfe, < That as he was 

* noted commonly abroad, or much complained of ' 

* at home, as a great Stickler and A3or in the 

* late religious Proceedings under Queen Mary^ 

* he did not deny it, but protefted he had, therein, 

* done nothing but according to his Confcience, and 

* the Commi^on he bore from her late Majefty, 
' whofc Commands would difcharge him from 

* Blame ; and that he was no lefs ready to do it . 

* again, provided he was io authorized and com- 

* manded by her prefent Majefty. Wherefore, fays 

* he, I fee nothing to be afhamed of, and lefs to be 

* forry for, on that Account ; and am rather forry 

* that no more was done, and thofe Laws were not 

* executed with more Severity. And herein he 

* added, there was no Fault in him, but in them 
' whom he had fo oft and fo earneftly exhorted to 

* it \ being not a little grieved that they went to 
» Work only with the little Sprigs and Branches, 

* when they fhould have flruck at the Root'and 

* thoroughly grubbed it up.' Our Author goes on 
and tell us, ' That he mentioned Sir Philip Hobby, 

* and . 
f f««'i MartjTi, Vol, II, p, igij. HeUinifiua^tCbTtnidtt 

p-hy Google 

378 '^' Parliamentary History 

Q^ EliKthah. ( and another Knight in Ktnty whom he faid ought 
'55'> < to have been faciiiiced as well as fome others of 

* Rant and Riches, if they had taken his Advice 

* and done wifely : That he himfelf was once at 

* the Burning of an Heretic, and toft a Faggot at 

* his Face, as he was Tinging Pfalms, and put a 

* Bunch of Thorns under his Feet ;' with other 
pxpreffions of this Nature, not liltcly to come from 
the Mouth of any Man of common Senfe, in fuch 
an Aflembly. However, the fame Authority and 
others inform us, that Story paid dear for his 
Speech-making fomcTimeafter} for, being com- 
mitted to Prifon, he made his Efcape and joined 
with the famous Dulce D'Jha at Antwerp ; but, 
being trepanned on hoard an Englijb Ship, he 
was brought back, and fuffered the Death of a 
Traitor. Nor does ^isw leave him at theGallowsj 
for, to (hew the Violence of his Spirit at the laft, 
he tells us. That he was cut down alive from the 
Gallows, and when the Executioner cut off his 
Privy Members to burn, Stvry rofe up and hit him 
a -Blow on the Face, to the Wonder of all the 
Spefiators K 

Feb. 18. The faid Bill, with certain Provifoes 
added thereto by the Lords, and fundry other 
Amendments, was concluded tn that Houfe. The 
Archbifhop of York, the Earl of Shrtwjbury, the 
Vifcount Mentagvt, the Bifhops of Lenden, Wtn~ 
shefter^ fVorcifler, Landaffy Cavtntry, Exttir, Ch§* 
Jitr, Carlifte, and the Abbot of Wt/imnfter, diffent- 
ing. It was fent down to the Commons, who 
kept it till March Z2, and then returned it to the 
Lords, with a new Provifo added by them. This 
was read thrice the fame Day, and concluded ; the 
former Archbifhop and Bifhops dificnting. 

This Bill having been canvafTed near a. Month 
finceit was fiilt fent up by the Commons, muft argue 
ftrong Debates and great Oppofition to it. Mr. 
Camden informs us. That the nine Prelates before- 
mentioned oppofed it vigorouHy, but has left us 

S Marijrl, Vdi K. p. 1^9- 

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?f E N G L A N D. 379 

none of their Arguments ufeil againfl it '. Sut a Q^ Mxabvb. 
much later painful Colle^or of Kcclefiaflical Me- *!^^' 
inoirSirelatingtooiiri?*/flr»M//o«,hathgivenus two 
Speeclies, delivered in the Houfe of Lords, againft 
this Bill of Supremacy *. The Orators, on this 
Occafioti, were Nicheias Healf), Archbifhop of 
Tori, and Cuthbert Seett, BiOiop of Cht^tr ; whofe 
Speeches, tho' long enough, muft have a Place in 
this Hiftory ; the Impartiality of which will not ad- 
mit of any Ahridgment. And firft, the ArchbiOiop. 

Jlfy Lards all, 

* ^Tl^ITH humble SubmiJSon of my whole Ai,p,H„,t', 

* VV Talk unto your Honours, I purpofe toSpecchiguniliM 

* rpeak to the Body of this A£t, touching the Su- 

* premacy : And that the Doings of this honour- 

* able AlTembly m^ therein be always further 

* honourable, two Things are right needful and 
' neceflaryofyourWifdomstobeconrideted, Firfi, 
*- When, by the Virtue of this A£l of Supremacy, 

* we muft forfake and flee from the See of Rome, it 

* would be conlidered by your Wifdoms, what 

* Manner of Danger and Inconvenience, or elfe 

* whether there be,none at all. Sicondly, When the 

* Intent of this Aft is to give unto the Queen'a 

* Highnefs a Supremacy, it would be confidered of 

* your Wifdoms what this Supremacy is, and whe- 

* ther it do confift in Spiritual Government or in 

* Temporal. If in Temporal, what further Au- 

* thority can this Houfe give unto her Highnefs, 

< than me hath already by Right and Inheritance, 

* and not by your Gift, but by the Appointment of 

< God f She being our Sovereign Lord and Lady, 

* our King and Queen, our Emperor and Emprefs ; 

* other Kings and Princes of Duty ought to pay 
■ Tribute unto hcrj {be being fiee from them all. 


i Hc»lb, rtri. Baja, Ccvaliy, 

Bmatr, Londom, Turhwili, Exittr, 

tFbite, Wiscbijiiri Salt, Cbefim 

Ptt; JVt'ufitr. OlUlbinfi, Carlifit. 

Kitebn, Landaff. TttkaktM, ki,\aX.Q{Wtfimmfier. . 

All of whom, eicept Kilcltn ofLaadaff, were iflerwaria JeprU'^ 
fcr Koo-Complianee. 

k Sir^'i jiinaii, Vol. 1. pi.6. &<, in Apfcndice, 

.■i>, Google 

jSo The Parliamentary History 

t^''"*"*' • If you will fay that this Supremacy doth confift 
'** * * in Spiritual Governnient, then it would be confi- 

* Aeiei what this Spiritual Government is, and in 

* whatPoinis it doth chiefly remain ; which being 

* fiift agreed upon, it would be further confidered of 

* your Wifdoms, whether this Houfe may grant 

* them unto her Highuefs, or not ; and whether 

* her Highnefs be an apt Peifon to receive the fame, 

* or not. And, by the thorough Examination of 

* all thefe Parts, your Honours ffiall proceed in this 

* Matter grounded upon thorough Knowledge, and~ 

* not be deceived by Ignorance. 

* Now, to ihefirji Point, wherein I promifed to 

* examine this forfaking and flying from the See of 
' Rome, what Matter cither of Weight, Danger, or 
•inconvenience doth confift therein ? And, if by 

* by this ourrelinquilhingof theSee of jR^m; there 

* were none other Matter therein, than a withdraw 

* ing of our Obedience from the ' Pope's Perfon, 

* Paul the 4th of that Name, who hath dectared 

* himfelf to be a very aufiere ftern Father unto us, 

* ever fince his firft Entrance into Peter's Chair, 

* thentheCaufewerenotoffuchgreat Importance, 

* as it is in very Deed ; when, by the relinquifliing 

* and forfaking of the See of Remt) we mull forfake 

* and fly from thefe four Things, Firfl, We muft 

* forfalce and fly from all general Councils. £«• 

* iondlj. We muft fly from all Canonical and 
» Ecclefiaftical Laws of the Church of Chrift. 

* Thirdlyt From the Judgment of all other Chriftian 
« Princes. Fourthly, and la/lly. We muft forfake 

* and fly from theUnity of C6rr/7's Church, and, by 

* leaping out of Peter's Ship, hazard ourfelves to 
f be overwhelmed and drowned in the Waters of 

* Schifm, Se^s, and Divifions. 

* Firfi, Touching General Councils ; Ilhall only 

* name unto you thefe Four; M'wb^ Council, Cow- 

* Jiantinopolitani Ephefine, and ChaUedon Council, 

* which are approved of all Men, doubted of or de- 
' nied of no Man. Of the which four Councils 

* St, Gregory writeth in this wife, Shut enim SanSi 

* Evangtliiquatucr Librestjk hoc qufttmr Concilia^ 


{/•ENGLAND. 3 

fcilUet Nicen. Conflantinopolitan. Ephefin. */ Q^I/™*i. 
Chsilcedoncnfe fufcipere acvenerari me /oUar. At 'W* 
the M«fl< Council, the firftof the Four, the Bi- 
ibops which were alTembled, did write theirEptftle 
to Syhejier, then BiOiopof ifom*. That their De- 
crees made there muft be confirmed by his Au- 
thority. At [he Council Icept at CaafiantinBpU^ 
all the BiQiops there were obedient to Damaft, 
then Bifliop of Ratnt. He, as chief Judge of that 
Council, did give Sentence againft the Heretics, 
Macedmianit SatelGans, and Eunemianj ; which 
Eunamlut was both an Arian, and the fitft Author 
of this Hctefy, that only Faith doth Juftify; and 
here, by the Way, it is much to be lamented^ 
that we, the Inhabitants of this Realm, are much 
more inclined to raife up the Errors and Seds of 
ancient and condemned Heretics, than to follow 
the approved Doftrine of the Moft Catholic and 
Learned Fathers ofChrifi's Church. At the Ephe- 
/■jj Council, .Yf/?Dr/Hj, the Heretic, was condemn- 
ed by CeUJIiae, then BiQiop of Rome, he being 
the chief Judge there. AtChalcedon, all the Bi- 
(hops ^fTemblcd there did write thejr humble Sub- 
miiiion unto Leo, then Biftiop of Raines wherein 
they did acknowledge h\xn to be their chief Head. 
Therefore, to deny the Sec Apoftoiic, were to 
contemn and fet at nought [h? Judgment of thefe 
four Councils. 

* ^/fcW/i'.We mullforfakeand fly from allCano* 
nical and Ecdefiaftical Laws of Chriji's Church, 
whereunto we have already confeffed our Obedi- 
ence at theFont, faying, Credo Sanilam Eedeji- , 
am CathoUcam ; which Article containeth, That 
we muft believe not only that there is a Holy Ca- 
tholic Church, but that we muft receive alfo the 
Doctrine and Sacraments of the fame Church, 
obey her Laws, aijd live according unto the fame j 
which Laws dodepcnd wholly upon the Author!- ' 
ty of the See Apoftoiic. And like as it was here 
openly confefled by the Judges of this Realm, that 
the Laws made and agreed upon, in the Highec 
$ ^nd Lower Houfe of this honourable Parliament, 


382 The FarUamentary History 

%,£Btu*tA. > be of fmall or none EfFeA, before the real Affent 
*iS ■ « of the King and Prince be given thereto j fem- 

* blably Eccleriaflical Laws made cannot bind the 

* Univcrfal Church of Chri/l, without the real" 

* AITent and Confirmation of the See Apoftolic- 

* The (*(></. We muft forfake and fly from the 

* Judgment of all Chriftian Princes, whether they 

* be Pnitedants or Catholic, when none of them 

* do agree with thefe our Doings; King //irfiry 

* the Eighth being the very (irti that ever took upon 

* him the Title of Supremacy. And whereas it 

* was of late here in this Houfc faid by an Honour- 

* able Man, That the Title is, of Right, due unto 

* the King, for that he is a King ; then it would 

* follow. That Herod, being a King, Ihould be 

* Supreme Head of the Church at ferafalem , and 

* Nira, the Kmperor,SupremeHead of the Church 
*■ of Chrlfl at Rome, they both being Infidels, and 
■ thereby no Members of Chriji's Church. And if 
« our Saviour Jefus ChriJ}, at his Departure from 

* this World, Should have left the Spiritual Govern- 

* ment of his Church in the Hands of Emperors 

< and Kings, and not to have committed the fame 

* unto his Apoflles, how negligent then dould he 

< have left his Church, it ifaall appear right well, 

* by calling to your Remembrance, that the Em- 

* peror Ceti/lantinut Magnus was the firft ChriHi- 

* an Emperor, and reigned about three hundred 

* Years after the Abfcnce of Chrifi : If therefore, 

* by yourPropofition, Canjlantinty the firft Chriftian 

* Emperor, was the firft Chief Head and Spiritual 

* Governor of Chyijr& Church throughout his Em- 

* pire, then It folfoweth, how that our Saviour 

* Chriji, for that whole Time and Space of three 

* hundred Years, umill the Coming of this Cenfian- 

* tirie, left his Church, which he had dearly bought 

* by the Effufion of his moft precious Blood, with- 

* out a Head ; and therefore, how untrue the Say- 

* ing of this Nobleman was, it (ball further appear 

* by the Example of King Oxias, and alfo of King 

* David : For when King Oztai did take the Ccn- 

* fcr to iaccnfe the Altar cf God, the Prieft Jzariat 

■ 'did 

p -hyGoogle 

»/ E N G L A N D. 383 

* did reiift him, and expel him out of the Temple, Q^ EhBsiak, 

* and faid unto him thefc Worda, Non tft Officii tut, »iS*' 

* Ozia, utadoUas Jncenfam DaminOffid fjl Sacerdatit 

* ft Filiorum Aaron ; ad hujufmadi enim Officium coh- 

* fecrati funt. Now, I (hall moil humbly demand 

* of you this Queftion, When this Prieft Axarias 

* faid, unto this King Oziasy Nstreji Officii tut, Esfc, 

* Whether he faid Truth or no ? If you aofwer, 

* ThathefpokethcTruth,thentheKingOis(flrwas 

* not the Supreme Head of the Church of the j^fWf.* 

* If you fhatlfay, No; Why did God then plague 
' the King with a Leprofy, and not the Prieft i 

* The Prieft Jzariai, in refifling the King, and 
' thruftlng him out of the Temple, in fo doing, 

* did he play the faithful Part of a Subject, or no ? 

* If you anfwer, No ; Why did God then fpare 

* the Prieft, and plague the King ? If you anfwer, 

* Yea ; then it is moft manlfefl Ozias, in that he 

* was a King, could not be Supreme Head of the 

* Church. And, as touching the Example of King 

* David, in bringing Home the Ark of God from 

* the Philijfines, ad Civitatem David, What Supre- 

* macy and Spiritual Government of God's Aric 

* did King David there take upon him ? Did he ■ 
' place himfelf amongft the Priefts, or take upon 

* him any Spiritual Fun^ion unto the Priefts ap- 

* pertaining ? Did he approach near unto the Ark, 

* or yet prefume to touch the fame ; no, doubtlefs, 

* when before he faw OT^ias ftricken by the Hand 

* of God for the like Arrogancy and Prefuo^tion j 

* and therefore King David ' did go from the 

* Ark of God with his Harp, making Melody, and 

* placed himfelf amongft the Minftrels j and fo 

* humbly did abafe himfelf, being a King, as to 

* dance, Ikip, and leap before the Ark of God, like 

* as his other Subjects. Infomuch that. Queen 
< Michali, King SauPi Daughter, beholding and 

* feeing the great Humility of King David, did 

* difdain thereat. Wheteutito King David faid, 

* Ludaniy 

I H«n the ArclibiOiOf fbTgat that Omst wii not before David, 
feat mu} V«*tl titer Im, Sirjft, 

p-hy Google 

384 7he Parliamentary History 

t Blixshtib. ' ZuJam, It viliorfium, plufquam fa£fus fum curam 
^35 • ( J^emino mta, qui me elegit petius quam Patrem 

* tuum aul Damum Patris . tui. And whereas 

* Queen Micballvus therefore plagued at the Hand 

* of God perpetua Sterilitaie, King David received 

* great Praife.for his Humility, 

* Now it may pleafe your Honours, which of 

* both thefe Kings Examples it fliall be moft con- 

* venient for your Wifdoms to move our Queen's 

* Highnefs to follow ; the Example of the proud 
- • KingOzwj, and, by your Perfuafions and Coun- 

* fels, to take upon her Spiritual Government, 

* thereby adventuring yourfelves to be plagued at 

* God's Hands, as King Ozias was ; or elfe to fol- 

* low the Example of good King David, who, in 

* Refufal of all Spiritual Government about the 
' Ark ofGod, did humble himfelf as I have declared 

* unto you ? Whereunto our Sovereign Lady the 

* Queen's Highnefs, of her own Nature very well 

* inclined and bent, w? may aflure ourfelves to have 

* of her Highnefs as humble, as virtuous, and as 

* godly a Miftrefs to reign over us, as ever had 

* Englijh People here in this Realm, if that her 

* Highnefs be not, by our Flattery and Diffimula- 

* tion, feduced and beguiled. 

* Fourthly and laftly. We muft forfakeland fly 

* from the Unity of ChriJV% Church, when St. Cj- 

* ^naff.that holy, That the Unity oftbt 

* Church of Chrift dath depend upon the Unity if 

* Pctcr'i Authority ; therefore, by our leaping out of 

* Peter's^hXp, we mull needs beoverwhelmed with 

* the Waters of Schifm, Sefls, and Diviiions : For 

* the feme holy Martyr, St. Cyprian, faith in his 

* third Epiftle ad Cornelium, That all Herefies, 

* Se^s, and Schifms do fpring only, for that Men 

* will not be obedient unto the Head fiifhop of 

* God. The Latin thereof is, Neque enim aliunde 

* Harefet ahrta: funt, aut nstaftnt Schijmata, quln 

* inde quad Sacerdoti Dei nan obttmperatar. And 

* how true this Saying of Cyprian is, it is apparent 

* to all Men that Hfteth to fee by the Example of 
■* the Gtrmanst and by the Inh^biters of this Realm. 


p -hyGoogle 

«/ E N G L A N D. 38J 

' And by our forfaking and flying from the Uni- <li SUxaheilt, 

* ty of the Church of Rome, this Inconveniency, 'Si'* 

* amongft many, muft confeqtiently follow thereof, 

* That either we muft grant the Church of Ramt 
' to be the Church of God, or elfc a malignant 

* Church. IFyouanfwcr, That it hofGod, where 

* Jefus Chriji is truly taught, and all his Sacraments 

* lightly miniftered ; how then may we disburden 

* ourfelves of our forfaking and flying that Church, 
' whom we do confefs and acknowledge to be of 

* God, when with that Church, which is of God, 

* we ought to be one, and not to admit any Sepa- 

* ration ? If you anfwcr, That the Churh of Rome 
' is not of God, but a malignant Church } then it 

* will follow. That we, the Inhabitants of this 
< Realm, have not as yet received any Beneflt of 
» Chrift, when we have received no other Gofpel, 

* no other DotStrine, no other Faith, no other Sa- 

* craments, than were fent us from the Church of 

* Rome. Fir/}, In King Lucius'^ Days, at whofe 

* humble Epiftle the holy Martyr Eluiherius, then 

* BiOiop of Rami, did fend unto this Realm two 

* hoiy Monks, Faganus and Damianus, by whofc 

* DoiSrinewewercfirllput totheKnowledge of the " 

* Faith of Je/ui Chrifl, of his Gofpel, and of his 

* moft blefled Sacraments. Secondly, Holy St. Grt- 

* gory, being Bifliop oi Rome, did fend into this 

* Realm two other holy Moi^s, St. Juguftin and 

* Mellitus, to revive the very felf-famc Faith of 

* Jefus Chrift, that was before planted in this Realm 
« in the Days of King Lucius. Thirdly, and lajfly, 

* Paulus Tertius, being Bifhop of Rome, did fend 

* the Lord Cardinal PoU'% good Grace, by Birth a 

* Nobleman of this Realm, as bis Legate, to re- 

* flore us to the fame Faith that the blefled Martyr 

* Eiutherius and holy St. Gregory had planted here 

* in this Realm many Years before. If therefore 

* the Church o(Rome be not of God, but a maljg- 

* nantCburch, then we have been deceived all this 
' while; when the Gofpel, the Do<5trine,Faith, and 

* Sacraments muft be of the fame Nature that th« 

* Chiuch is of from whence it came. And thers- 

* fore 

.:i>, Google 

386 7^ Parliamentary History 

<^ EiinAtib. * fore, in relinqaiihing and forfaking of that Churcfl 
'IS*' * as a malignant Church, the Inhabitants of thii 

* Realm forced to feck further for another 

* Gofpel oiChrift, other Doarine, Faith, and Sa- 

* craments, than we hithertn have received ; which 

* fhall breed filch a Schifm and Error in Faith, is 

* was never in any Chriflian Realm : And there* 

* fore of your Wifdoms worthy Confi deration, and 
< maturely to be provided for, before you pafs thit 

■ A&. o( Supremacy, 

• Thus much touching the firft chief Point. 

* Now to the ftnnd chief Point ; wherein I pro- 

■ mifcd to move your Honoura to confider what 

* this Supremacy isi which we go about by virtue 
« of this Afl, to give unto the Queen's Highncfs, 

* and wherein it doth confifl ; as, whether in Spi- 

* ritual Government, or in Temporal. If in Spi-. 

* ritual, like as the Words of the A£t do import^ 

* Supreme Head »f the Church ef England, imme- 

* dialt and next under Gvd ; then it would be con- 

* fidered of your Wifdoms in what Points this Spi- 

* ritual Government doth confifl ; and the Point* 

■ being well known, it would be confidered, whe- 

* ther this Houfe have Authority to 'grant them, 

■ and her Highnefs Ability to receive the fame. 

* And, as touching the Point wherein the Spiri- 

* tual Government doth confift, I have, in reading 

* the Gofpel, obfervcd thefe four, amongd many'; 

* whereof the (irft !s to loofc and bind, when our 

* Saviour Jefw Chrijl^ In ordaining Peter to be 

* theChicf Governor of bis Church, faid unto him* 

* Tibl dah Oaves Regni Ciehrum ; quodcunque li- 

* gaveris fufer 7'erram, erit ligatum fcf in Ccelis ; 

* i^ quodcunque fslvtris, erit felutum i^ in Ccelii. 

* Now it would be confidered of your WifdomS, 

* whether you have fufiicient Authority to grant 

* unto her Highnefs this firft Point of Spiritual Go- 

* vernment, and to fay to her, Tibi daiimus Cloves 

* Regni Calorum. If you fay. Yea, then we require 
*the Sight of your Warrant and CommilBon by 
' the Virtue of God's Word : And if you fay, Nd, 

* then you may be well afliired, and perfuade your- 


p:hy Google 

jf E N G L A N D. . 387 

* felves, that you have no Aifficient Authority to Ql SKt^aittt. 

* make her Hbhtiefs Supreme Head of the ChurcK 'IS*' 

* here in this Realm. The fecottd Point of Spiri- 

* tual Government, is gathered of thcfe Worda of 

* our Saviour y*f»t Chrijff fpoken unto Peter in 

* the aift Chapter of St John's Gofpel, Pafcty 

* pafcty pafce. Now, whether your Honours hav« 
' Authority, by this High Court of Parliament, to 

* fay unto our Sovereign Lady, Pafce, pafce, pafciy 

* you muft {hew your Warrant and Commimon. 

* And further, that her Highnefs, being a Woman, 

* by Birth and Nature is not qualified by God's 

* Word to feed the Flock of Chriflt it appcareth 

* moft plainly by St. Paul on this wife, faying^ 

* Taceant Alutierei in Ecclejiis : Nan enim permit- 

* tetur eit hgui, fed fuhditas ejji, ftcul dicit Lex : 

* And it followeth in the fame Place, ^od turpe 

* eft Mulieri hqui in Ecclefiis, And in his firft 

* Epiftle to Timothy, the fecond Chapter, faith, 

* Deeere autem Mulieri nan permitto, tieque dominari 

* in Virum^ed in Silentio effe. Therefore it ap- 
■ peareth, That like as your Honours have not his 

* Authority to give her Highnefs this fecond Point 

* of Spiritual Government, to feed the Flock of ^ 

* Ckrtft j*fo, by Paur% Doflrinc, her Highnefs may 

* not intermeddle beifelf with the fame : There- 

* foirc the can't be Supreme Head QiChrift'% Church 
« here in this Realm. The third and chief Point 

* of Spiritual Government, is gathered of the Words 

* of our Saviour Jtfus Chrift, fpoken unto Peter^ 

* Lute, Chap. xxii. Ego regavi pro te, ut mn defi' 
- * ciat Fides tua : Et tua aliquanda converfus confirma 

* Fratres tuos. Whereby it appeareth, that one 

* chief Point of Spiritual Government is to confiim 

* his Brethren, and ratify them bath by wholefome 

* Doctrine and Adminiuration of th6 blcfled Sa- 

* craments ; but to preach or miniflcr the holy Sa- 
< craments, a Woman may not ; neither may fhe 

* be Supreme Head of the Church of Chrift. The 

* fourth and laft Point of Spiritual Government, 

* which I promifed to obferve and note unto you, 

* doth confift in Excommunication} and Spiritual 

Vol. III. B h *Fumlli- 

p-hy Google 

388 The parliamentary History 

i^EliKaiitb, < Punilhnient,of all fuch as Ihall approve themfclves 
'Si'- * nottobctheobcdientChUJrenofCArj/PsChurch, 

* Of the which Authority our Saviour Chrijl Tpeak- 

* cth in St. Matthew, Chapter xviii. there faying, 

* Die Ecdifia. Si autem Ecclefiam nan audierit, fit 
' tibi tanqoam EthnUus i^ Publicanus. And the 

* Apoftle St. Pauli'xA excommunicate the notorious 
' Fornicator that was amongft the Corinthians, by 

* the Authority of hisApoHlefhip. Unto the which 

* Apoflles, Chriflf afcending into Heaven, did leave 
*' the whole Spiritual Government of his Church, as 

* it appeareth by the plain Words oi Paul in his 

* Epiftlc to the Ephefians, Chap. iv. Ipfe dedit Ec 

* cUfia'Jua quofdam Apoflalos, alios Evangtlijlas, 

* alias Paftores M* Doaares, in Opus Minijlerii, in 

* Mdificatienim Corporis Chrilti. But a Woman, 

* in the Degrees ofCbriJl's Church, is not called 

* to be an Apoftle, nor an Evangetift, nor to be a 

* Shepherd, neither a Doctor, eft; Preacher : There- . 

* fore (he cannot be Supreme Head of Chrijl's Mi- 

* litant Church, nor yet of any Part thereof. 

* Thus much I have here faid, Right Honoarable 

* and my very good Lords, againft this A& of Su- 

* premacy, for the Difcharge of my Confciencc, 

* and for the Love, Dread, and Fear, that I chieAy 

* owe untoGod and m^ Sovereign Lady the Queen's 

* Highnefs, and unto your Lordfiiips al! ; when 

* othcrwife, and without mature Confideration of 

* thefe Premiflcs, your Honours Ihall never be 

* able to Ihew your Faces before your Enemies in 

* this Matter ; being fo lafli an Example and Spec* 

* tacle in ChrijTa Church, as in this Realm only to 

* be found, and in none other. Thus humbly be- 

* fecching your good Honours to take in good Part 

* this rude and plain Speech that I have here ufed, 

* of much good Zeal and Will, I fliall now leave 

* to trouble your Honours any longer.' 

It does not appear at what Time the former 
Speech was delivered ; but it was on the fecond 
Reading of the Bill that Scalt, Bifhop of Cbefttr^ 
Aood up and fpoke as follows ; 

i>, Google 

5^ E N G L A N D; 38^ 

My Lird, and my Ltrds alt, . 

* T Do perceive that this Bill hath now been twice <i^ EHeaiiiB. 

* J_ read, and, by the Order of this Houfe, muft '55*- 

* be read the third Time; which Order I think Bifiiop Stoii'i 

* was appointed to be obferved for this End, That ^P'"!" "K*'"" 

* every IWan, being a Member of this Houfe, fliould 3up°^|cJ/ 

* fully undcrlland, and fo at large fpealc his Mind 

* and Confcience in the Contents of all the Bills pre- 

* ferred and read here, before that they be enai^ed 

* and eftablifhed as Laws : Wherefore I confider- 

* ing that this Bill hath been now twjce read, and 

* hath accordingly been fpolcen unto gravel^, wife- 
' ly, and learnedly, by divers of this Honourable 

* Company ; and that f, for my Part, as yet have 

* faid nothing therein, I fhall moft humbly defire 
' your good Lordfhips to give me Leave,- and pa- 

* tiently to hear what I have to fay as concerning 

* this prefent Bill : And yet, to confefs unto your 

* Lordfliips the Truth, there be two Things that ■ ' 
' do much move me, and as it were pull me back 

* from fpealcing any Thing in this Matter. The 
'Jirji is. That I perceive the Queen's Highnefs, 

* whom I pray God long to preferve, is as it were a 

* Party therein ; unto whom I do acknowledge that 
' I owe Obedience, rot only for Wrath and Dif7 

* pleafuie's Sake, but for ConfdenceSake, and that 

* by the Scriptures of God. The /«««</ is. The Rc- 

* verence I have to thofc Noblemen, unto whom 

* this Bill was committed to be weighed and con- 

* fidered ; whofc Doings I aJTure your good Lord- 

* Ihips is a great Comfort not oaly unto me, but 

* alfo, as I do think, unco all that be of the Pro- 

* felTion that I am of, with many other befides. 

* Firjl, For thai their Devotion towards Almighty 

* God doth appear, feeing they will not fuffer the 

* Service of the Church, and the due Adminiftra- 

* tion of the holy Sacraments thereof, to be dif- 

* annulled, or already altered, but to be contained 
» [retained] as they have been heretofore : And, 
*fecandly. For rfiat their Charity and Pity, towards 

* the poor Clergy of this Realm, doth ap'pear in 

* mitigating the extren)e Penalties mentioned in 

- B b J « this 

.:!>, Google 

'390 TBe ParUamentary History 

Q^ EEtsAih. * this Bill, for tfae Qaiarayers of the Contents of 
*»*• • the fame. 

* But there be two other Things of more 

* Weight, that do move me to fpealc in this Mat- 
< ter what I think. The ^JI h Almighty God, 

■ which I know doth look, that, according to the 

* Profeffion whereunto (although t be unwonhy) 

* I am called, I fhould fpcak my Mind in fuch 

* Matters as. this is, when they be called in Que* 

* ftion. The feceiid is my Confciencc, which 

■ doth urge me to do the fame. 

* Wherefore, now to fpeak of the Matterj/thl) 

* I fay, That our Faith and Religion is maintained 

* and omtinued by no one Thing fo much as by 

* Unity, which Unity is. continued and maintained 

* in Cj^r^'s Church, even as Concord and goodOr- 
. * der is maintained in a Commonwealth. Where- 

* in, as we fee for civil Quietnefs, there is appoint- 

■ ed inevery Village one Conftable: And led there 

* fliould any Variance fall amongft them, there is 

* again in every Hundred one Head-Conllxble, in 

* whom all the other Inferiors be knit as in one. 

* And where there be in one Shire divers Hundreds, 

■ to make away all Controverfies as might chance 

* amongft the laid Head-Conftables of thcfe Hun- 

* dreds, of that they be joined as in one. The Shc- 
' riffs likewife be joined in one Prince, which Prince 

* being deprived of his Princely Author!^, the Uni- 

* ty and Concord of that Realm is diuolved, and 

* every Man chufeth himfelf a new lA>rd, Even fo 

* it is in the Church of Chriji, according to the 

* Commandment of St. Paul: There is in every 

* Village at the leaft one Prieft; in every City one 

* Bifliop, in whom all the Priefts within the Dio- 

* ccfe be knit in one ; in every Province one Me- 

* tropolitan, in whom, for the avoiding of Con- 
'* troverfics, all the BiQiops of that Province be 

* joined } and for Unity to be obferved amongft the 

* Metropolitans, they be likewife joined iii one 
' High Bifliop, called the Pope, whofe Authority 

* being taken away, the Sheep, as the Scripture 

• faith," 


«/ E N G L A N D. 39! 

* faith, be fcattcr'd abroad : For avoiding whereof Ql xSaahii. 
' our Saviour Chrtftt before bia Death, prayed that 'S*** 

* we might be all one, as his Father and he be one ; 

* which Thing cannot be, except we have all one 

* Head : And therefore Almighty God faid by the 

* Piophit EzeiiiifSafiitait/upirMtPaflgremunum, 

* I willjfir up over tbtm ent Paftor : And our Sa- 

* viour, in the Gofpel, likewifc faith, There Qiall 

* be one Paflor and one Sheep-Fold. Which Scn- 

* tences, peradventure, fome Men will fay to be 

* applied only to ourSaviourC^rt^, which, in very 

* Deed, I mull needs grant to be fo; yet this I 

* may fay, thcfe Places be applied to him only, as 

* other lilce Places of Scripture be ; for it is faid in 

* the Scripture that only God is immortal; and, 
' by Participation with him, all we that be true 

* Chriflian Men be made immortal : Only God 

* forgivetb Sin^ and yet, by CommitBon from him, 
' Priefts have Authority to forgive Sin. He is only 

* King, and by Commi£on malceth Kings ; and 

* likewife he is only Prieft after the Order ofAtel- 

* chi/idec, and by Commiffion malceth Priefts: He 

* of himfelf, and by none other; all the reft by him, 

* and not tof thcmfelves. So he is our only Paftor, 
' and by Commiffion hath made other Pallors, and 

* efpecially one to be Vic at -General cm Earth, to 

* govern and rule all his whole Flock in Unity and 

* Concord, and in avoiding of Schifms and Dlvi- 

* fions. And likewife as he fent one Holy Ghoft 

* to rule and govern his People inwardly, k> be ap- 

* pointed one Governor to rule and lead them out> 

* wardly. 

* Which one Head-Governor cannot be applied 

* to any Temporal Prince ; for then cither we muft 
' needs grant that the Church of Chrifl was not 

* perfect, but rather a mank Body without a Head, 

* by the Space of 300 Vcars and more, [for fo long 

* was it after tbe Death of our Saviour Cbri^ be- 

* fore there was one Chrillian Prince in all tbe 

* World) or cKeCiirifl appointed an Infidel, being 

* no Member of hia Church, to be Head thereof) 
■ which both be Abfurdities. Again, that Chri^ 

. B b 3 appointed 

■ i>, Google 

392 ihe Parliamentary History 

^EK^itii. « appointed no Temporal Prince to be Head of bU 
'Si'- « Church it appearcth, bjr that we fee in iJivets 

* Kingdoms there be divers and fundry Princes and 
» Rulers ; fo that there Ihould by that Means be 

* many Heads of one Body) the which were a mon- 

* ftrouB Thing. Thirdly, That he appointed no 
« Temporal Prince to be Head of theChurch, it ap- 

* pcareih by the Word itfelf fpoken by by our Sa- 

* viour Chri^, PafctyFetd, which he fpoke not to 

* Hired, Piiot, nor yet to Tibtriui the Kmpcror; 
■• but he rpokc them unto Petir^ faying, Pafie oves 

* mtas. And where peradventure fome Men will 

* cavil and argue of the Greek Word fpoken by our 
« Saviour Chriji in that Place, which doth fignify 

* not only to feed, but alfo to rule and govern ; I 

* anfwer. That I do not know where that Word 

* is applied unto any Temporal Ruler in the New 

* Teftament ; and if it fo were, yet it doth not 

* prove their Intent ; for other manifeft and plain 

* Places of Scripture do exclude them from fuch 

* Authority, notwith Handing that the fame Scitp- 

* turc doth give them very great Authority, com- 

* manding us to obey the fame; declaring witball, 
( that they bear the Sword not in vain, n'or without 

* Caufi^, But now mark this Word Sttierd, which 

* Priaces had before the Coming of our Saviour 

* Chriji ; and that he did give them any further 

* Authority we read not, but left them as he found 

* them J and as he did give them no fpiritua) Au- 
« thority, fo I do not fee that he did take any tem- 

* poral Rule from them : Wherefore he com- 

* mandcd Peter to put up his Sword, becaufe he 

* had given him other Inftruments to ufe, wherein 

* WHS included his Authority; thzt is to fay, the 

* Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, faying, Tibi 

* daba Clavis Regm Ccehrtim. In thefe Keys, and 
' * in exerctfing of the fame, conlifleth all Authority 

* Eccleftallical given by God unto any Man ; unto 

* whom he hath not by Scripturcgiven thefe Keys, 

* they have no R^ht to it. Wherefore it fol- 

* loweth that no Temporal Prince hath any Au- 

* (hDritjr ip or over tftc Church of Ch-i/ff feeing 

.:i>, Google 

§/• -E N G L A N D. 393 

* that the Keys were never given unto any of <li Enxabab. 

* them. *ss** 

* And here I know it will be objected againft me, 

* That as this Place doth make againft the Suprc- 

* macy of Princes, fo doth it not make for the Pri- 

* macy of St. Peter ; for St. yohn doth witnefs, in 

* the 20th Chapter of his Gofpel, that our Saviour 
' Chriji did give, the Keys not only to Peter^ but 
' alfo unto all his Apoflles, when he did breathe 

* upon them, dying jfccipite Spiritum Saniium: 

* Take ye the Holy Ghafl ; tohafi Sins ye forgive be 
'■forgiven to them.i and who ft Sins ye retain are 
» rttaimd. And divers of the antient Writers do 

* likewife fay that the Keys were given unto all 

* the Apofiles. But yet, in one Place or other, ■ 

< the fame Authors do declare that they were given 
*■ unto Peter principally; as Hilarius, where he 

* faith, fpeaking of that Matter, Data f tint Claves 
« Pctro principaliui, in quantum erat aliorum Capi- 

* taneus. The Keys, faith he, were given to Peter 

< principally, in that he was Chief and Capt^n 

* of the other.. And if that any Man yet will con- 

* tend that this Place doth give no more Authority 

* to Peter than to the reft of the Apoftles, I ha«e 
■ read another Place of Scripture which doth ex- 

* elude the rell of the Apoflles from Equality of 

* Authority with Peter in the Rule and Govern- 

* ment of the Church of Chriji^ and that is the ' 

* changingof his Name: For, at P/i^r's firft meet- 

* ing with our Saviour Cbrift, his Name was Si- 

< man, as it is there mentioned in thefe Words, 

* Simon, the Son ofjona, thou /halt be calledCephiSi 

* that is to fay, a ^ne or a Rock. And for what 

* Confideration and End Chri^ gave him that 
' Name, it doth appear in the i6th of St.jl/ii'/^m/, 

* in thefe Words, 7a es Pctrus, i^c. Thau art Pe- 

* ter ; that is to fay, a Stone or a Rock, ani^ upon 

' this Stone Br Ruk I will build my Church. Here,! ' 

* fhall defire you to note, that Peter hath a Pronlife 
'* made unto htnifelf alone, which was made to 

* none other of the Apoftles, that is. That as he 
f bad leCHved a new Name, 16 h« fliould have a 

* new 

.■i>, Google 

394 3^ ParliamentaryHjSTovLr 

<ii ^fi***"**- f new Privilege or Prefecmcnt, to be the FouiuJ*- 
'ii. • « tion. Ground, and Stay of Chrifl's Church, being 

* buildeJ upon him ; for he was called a Rack or 
< * Stone, for the Stability and CoAftancy that fliould 

* always appear in the Church, being builded upon 

* him, a fure Foundation and immoveable. Which 

* Thing doth now appear in the Succcffion of 

* Pettr : For as concerning the -other Apoftles, in 

* their own Pcrfons, I do not doubt but, during 

* their Lives natural, they were as firm and ftable 
•in the Faith of CAry^ as P/Wrvwas; but for their' 

* Succellion we have no fuch Proof, feeing that oiAy 

* the Succcffion of Ptler doth continue in the Church 

* of Chriji, tile liice appearing in none of the other 
, * ApoAles ; Which Is the only Slay of the famo ia 

* Earth, and undoubtedly fhall be untill the World's 

* End. This Place of acripture, in my Judgment* 

* if there were no more, is fufficient to prove that 

* Ptter and his SuccefTors he appointed of Cbrifi to 
' have the Rule and Government of his Church in 

* Earth above all others, both Spiritu^ and Tem- 

* poral i and yet I do know that there may and alfo 
■ will Objc£tiohs be laid againfl thefe my Sayings: 

* For fome will fay that Chriji himfelf is the Stope 

* whereupon his Church is builded, and fome will 

* fay that the Profeffion that Ptter made of Chrtft^ 
, * when he faid, Thsuari the San of the living Gadi 

' which be both true, and .yet not repugnant to 

* that which I have fitid before ; for all thefe three 

* Underftandings, well pondered and conQdered in 
' their divers ReTpe^s, may ftand together : But I 

* do think that if the Mind and Intent of ourSavi- 

* our Chriji, when he fpake theie Words, Thou art 

* Peter, i^c. be well weighed, the Place itfelf doth 
' declare, that it is fpecially to be underhanded of 

* the Perfon of Peter and his Succcflbrs : For un- 
^ douhtedly he, knowing that Infidelity and Here- 
' Hesfhould foincreafe and abound that his Church 
f and Faith fhould be in Danger to be overthrown 

* and extinguiOied, made Promife there fo to pro- 
» vide by Peter and his Succcflbrs, that it fhould be 
( alffayg knowo wbcre his Faith fliouid fee had 

* v4 

p-hy Google 

•/•ENGLAND. 39S 

* and fougbt for again, if it were any where loft, 1L ^Bxtitii, 

* unto all Men that would, with Hudiilicy, deOre, 'S^*' 

* feeic after, and receive the fame. 

* So that we now, if we £houId underftand the 

■ Place of our Saviour ChriJ}, which is the firft and 

* true Stone of this Building in very Deed, what 

* Certainty can we have of our Faith } Or how 

* Ihall we ftay ourTelves, wavering in the fame in 

* this our Time ? For at this prefent there be abroad 
,* in Chriftendom thirtyfour fundry Sefls of Opi< 

* nions, whereof never one agrceth with another* 

* and all differ from the Catholic Church. And 

* every one of thefe SeiSs do fay and affirm con- 

■ ftantly. That their ProfelBon and Do3rine is 

* buildcd upon Chrijit alledging Scripture for the 

* fame. And they all and every of them, thus 

* challenging Chrifl to be their Foundation by 

* Scripture, how fhall any Man know to which of 

* them be may fafely give Credit, and fo obey and 

* follow ? ' 

' The to be faid o( Peter's ConfeJSoti, 

* wherein we can have no fure Trial : For every 
» one of thefe Sefls or Herefies doth confefs and ac- 
•■ knowledge Cir^ to be the Son of the living God. 

* So that I think I may conclude that our Saviour 

* Chriji in this Place, faying. That he viould build 

* his Church upm a Stent, did mean, by the Stone, 

* Peter and his SucceiFors, whereunto Men might 

* fafely cleave and lean, as unto a fure and an un- 

* moveable Rock, in Matters of Faith j knowing 

* <*rtainly that in io doing they fliall not fall, I 

* me^n in Faith ; as we do moft ipanifeflly fee it 

* hath come to pafs, and continued for the Space 

* of a Thoufand Five Hundred Years and odd. 

* I have heard obje^ed here of late againft the 

* Supremacy of Peter and his SucceQbrs, divers 
4 Reafons which appear unto me to have in them 

* fmall Subflance ; as I trull it fhall appear unto 
4 you by the unfolding of the fame. And for the 

* better Uhdcrftanding of the fame, I will bring 

* ^op unto three head Places, 

I Whereof 

■ I,, Google 

396 9^^ Parliamentary Historv 

<lj_ EBattah t Whereof the JSr/l doth confift in the wicked 
*Si*' i and evil Lives* as it is alledged, of certain Popes 

* of Riau i which as I do think were nothing fa 

* wicked as they were reported to have been : But 

* let that be they were Co, What then i A Man is 

* a Man, and, a« the Scripture fayctb, ^ii efl 

* Heme qui non ptcttt ? f^hat Man it be that fin- 
S nith nat ? Again, if that our Saviour Cbrift tiad 

* made the like Warrant unto PiUr and his Succef- 

* fors, as concerning their Converfation and Lj< 

* ving, as he did iot the Continuance and Stability 

* of their Faith, and had faid unto Ptt*r, Ege rtgtwi 
' pra U ut nan peccts, I have prayed for ihti that 

* thau jhalt not Jin ; as he faid, Ega rogavi pra ft 

* ut nan dtficiat Fidts lua, 1 have prayid thai thy 

* Faith Jhall never fail ; then their evil Lives had 

* been an Argument to have proved, that they bad 

* not been the true Succeflbrs oi Pettfy neither had 

* had any fuch Authority given unto them of God : 

* But feeing that the Warrant was made only for 

* the Continuance of their Faith, wherein they have 

* hitherto, and do yet moft conftantjy Hand, with- 

* out anyMention of their Converfation and Living, 

* it is, in my Judgment, no Proof nor Argument 

* againft the Authority and Supremacy of the See of 

< Kami ; as we fee that the Adultery and Murder 

< \:ommitted by King David doth not diminilh ths 

* Authority of godly P/alms written by him j nei- 

* ther the diflolute Living and Idolatry of King 
■ SaltmsH is prejudicial to divers Books of Scripmrs 

* written by him ; nor yet the Covetoufnefs of the 

* Prophet Balaam did let, in any Condition, ths 

* Virtue and Strength of God, the Bleffingof Ggd 

* fent unto the Children of Ifrael by him, nor tb* 

* Truth of the Prophecy, as concerning the Coming ■ 

* of our Saviour Chrijii by him likewife pronoun- 

* ced ; fven fo the Lives of the Popes of Ramt, 

* were they ever fo wicked, cannot be prejudicial to 

* the Authority given to Ptttr .a.aA his Succeflbn 

* by the Mouth of our Saviour Ci&ri/?. ■ 

* The Sum of the Objedions fecondarily mado 

* againft his Authority, doth confift (as tbey do al- 
, . • ledge) 

■ i>, Google 

0^ E N G L A N D. 357 

* leJge] in certain Canons of the Council of Nl- (i^Eiimiiib. 

* antf and the fixth Council of Carthage, with 'SS** 

* the Departure of the Gretk Church, and other 
■ Realms now in our Days from the Authority of 

* the faid See of Rome'. As concerning the Coun- 

* cil of Nicene, I do marvel that tJiey wilJ alledge 

* any Thing therein contained in this Matter, fee- 

* ing in the Preface of the faid Council it is decla- 

* red, that this Authority which wcfpealc of isgivcn 

* unto the faid See by no Councils or Synods, but 

* by the Evangelical Voice of our Saviour Je/ur 

* Chriji: And alfo the Fathers of the faid Council 
' being condefcended and agreed in all Matters of 
*. Con trove rfy, moved in that their Aflcmbly, " 

* wrote unto the Pope, defiring to have their De- 

* crees confirmed by hts Authority, as it doth more 

* at large appear in their i^piUle written in that 

* Behalf. Fiwther, Athanafiui, who was prefenC 

* at the faid Council, and after Patriarch of Alex- 

* emdria, doth not only acknowledge the Cure and 

* Charge of the univerfal Church of Cbrifl to be 

* given to PeUr and t's SuccelTors, but alfo, being' 

* univcrfally deprived, did- appeal unto the Pope of 

* Rome, and by him was refiored again. And lilte- 

< wife the fixth Council of Carthage maketh no- 

* thing for their Purpofe j for the Supremacy of 

* the Pope was not called in QueftJon there, but 

* fome Variance there was indeed, which confideth 

* in this Point only, whether a Bilhop or a Priett, 

* being accufed and troubled, and chinking himfelf 

* to have Wrong, might appeal to Rome for the 

* better Examination and Trial of his Caufe or 
« no, as one jfppiariui a Prieft had done then in 
,* AfrU. There was alledged for Appellations to 

* be made to Rsme a Canon of ^iVrn^ Council, 

< which indeed was fought for and could not be 

* found, which was no Marvel ; for wheieas the 

* Fathers in Nictni Council made feventy Canons, 

< tbiough the Wickednefs of Heretics, there was 

* -thei> but found remaining only twenty-one. Yet 

* that notwithftanding the Bimops of Afric did- 
( not long after fubmit thenUelves to the Church 

• of 

■ I,, Google 

39^ 7I6f Parliamentary History 

ti^BEt^h. ( ot Romi in that Point, Alfo, thev a(t toincat- 

*ii*' • cate the Authority of thb Council ; for becaufe 

*. that St. Augujiini was prefent at it, as he was 

* indeed, which malceth direflly azainft them : Yae 

* St. Auguftine doth every where in his Works ac- 

* knowledge the Supremacy of St. Peter and his 
'Succeflbrs; as in his i6zd Kpiflle, faying thus, 

* Jn Romana EccUfia femper viguit Apojlelka Ca- 

* tbtdra Prineipatui : lit the Church ef Rome hatb 
" alvBoys hun Jiringihintd^ orHouriJhtd, tbt Rule or 

* Julherily of the Jpofiolic Chair. 

* And where I heard a Qucflion moved here of 
•late, whether that ever the Greek Church did 

* acknowledge the Superiority of the Church of 

* Remt or no ? Of the which Matter I marvel that 

* anyMandothdoubt,reeingthattheGr»if Church 
■ did not only acknowledge, but alfo continue in 

* Obedience under, the faid Church of Romtt by 

* the Space of Eight Hundred Years at the leaft, io 

* faras I can reaamyfelf, or learn of others. And 

* after that it did iirA renounce the faid Authority, 

* it did return again with SubmiJIion fourteen fcve- 

* ral Times, as good Authors write, and as we 

* may partly gather by the Council of Flortnce^ 

* which was about a Hundred and forty-one Years 

* ago; whereas thcPatriarch of Cuitfiantineple him- 

* fe)f was prefent among other Blfhops and learned 

* Men of Greece, in the which this Matter in Con- 

* troverfy was determined and agreed upon, as it 

* doth manifeAly appear in the Canons of the faid 
■Council. Moreover, if the Gr«;J Church were 

* not under the Authority and Rule of the Church 
. * of Rome, what fliall we think of the Story 

* of Anthemas, Patriarch of Can/tanttnople, who 

* was depofed for the Herefy of Eutyches, by the 

* Pope A^apetttt, For whofc Reftitution earned 

* and long Suit was made by the Kmprefs Theode- 

* ra, that then was, firft to the Pope SUverim, 

* and after to his SuccefTor VtgiUus, and could in 

* no Condition be obtained. But as touching the; 

* Greek Church, and the Departure of the fame 

* from the Cfaurch of Romti tbis we may briefly 


■ i>,Got)^lc' 

{/•ENGLAND. 399 

' fay and conclude, tbat, after it did divide itfelf Q^Xlfautat* 

* from the Church oiRamiy it did, by little and lit- '^^^ 

* tie, fall into the moft extreme Mtfcries, Captivity, 
^ and Bondage ; in the which at this Prcfent it 

* doth remain. And as concerning other Coun- 

* .tries that have renounced the aforclaid Authority, 

* as Gernumy, Denmark^ and, as it was here fatd, 

* Pehnia^ this I have to fay. That the Mireries and 

* Calamities that Gtrmany hath fuffered, fmce their 

* Departure from the Church of Rente, may be 3 

* Warning and Example to all other Nations to 

* learn by, and beware of the like Attempt. And 

* as for Denmark, I do hear indeed they be very 

* Lutherans^ and have alfo renounced the Pope's 

* Authority ; but yet I cannot learn, nor hear, that 

* either the King of Di?mark, or yet any Prince 

* of Germany, doth take upon him to be called 

* Supreme Head of the Church. And as for Ptlonia, 

* although it be troubled with Herefies as other 

* Realms be, yet I cannot learn that cither the fCing 

* ortheClergy thereof hath, or doth give anyplace 

* to the fame ; but of the contrary doth moll ear- 

* neilly withfland them, as may right well appear 

* by certain Books fet out this prcfent Year, that 

* is 1558, by a Bilhopof Polania, called StamJIaut 

* Hefius ; in the which it is declared, amongft 

* many other Things, that earneft Suit had been 

* made by the ProteAants to have three Things 

* granted and fuiFercd to be praftifed within that 

* Realm ; that is to fay, that Priefts might have 
« Wives ; to have the public Service in tncir vul- 

* gar Tongue ; and the Sacrament of the Altar 

* miniltered under both Kinds j which all three 

* were denied them : Whereby it appearcth plainly 

* that Pohnia is not in that Cafe that Men report- 

* ed it to be in. But, and if it were fo that all thele 

* Realms, yea and more, were gone from the Obe- 

* dience of that Church, doth it therefore follow 

* that the Authority thereof is not juft t I thinlc 

* not fo. For as Ferdinandu!, now Emperor, de- 

* fcending juftly by £le£tion from Canftantme the 

* Great, if the Empire which was under .Cen^iR- 

^ • lint'a 

.■i>, Google 

j^oo 7Z^ Pariiamenfary History 

<t_ EUxaiah, « tint's Rule were divided into twenty Parties* it 
ijl^- * hath fcarcely one of the twenty, and yet the 

* Authority of an Emperor continueth in him ftill. 

* And as the Departure of Gaftoignj^ GuUme, 

* Normandy, Scitknd, and France, which were all 

* fometimcs under the Imperial Crown of England, 

* doth not take away the Authority thereof, but 

* that it is an Imperial Crown ftill j even fo doth 

* not the Departure of thcfe Countries from the 
' See of Rsmt^ diminifh the Authority given unto 

* the fame by God. Bcfides that St. Paul faith, 

* That thtri Jhall hi a Departing hifert the Day of 

* Judgment ; which aJtho' fome underftand of the 

* £mpire, yet the mofl Part refer it to the Church 
■ of Rome, from whence Men (hall fall and depart 

* by Infidelity and Hefefies; but whether it fiiall 

* be in all Countries at one Time or divers TimeSj 

* it is uncertain. • 

' Thirdly, There is alledged a Provincial Council 

* or Afiembly of the Billiops and Clergy of this 

* Realm of Englana, by whom the Authority of 

* theBifhopofifsnif wasaboIifhcdaRddifannulIed: 

* Which now romc inculcate againft us, as a Mat- 

* ter of great Weight and Authority ; whereas in 

* very Deed it is to be taken for % Matter of fmall 

* Authority; or elfe none. For, fir/i. We know 

* that a particular or a Provincial Council can maltc 

* no Determination againft the univcrfat Church 
• *oiChrl/i. Sicondariiy, Of (he leATiicd Men thit 

* were the Doers there, lb many as be dead, before 
' they died were penitent, and cried. Gad Mercj 

* for that Ail i and thofe that do live, as all your 

* know, have openly jevokcd the 

* fame, acknowledging their Error. And where 

* fome here doth fay, That they will never truft 

* thofe Men which once denied the Pope's Autho- 

* rity, and now of the contrary fland in the De- 

* fence of the fame; in my Judgment their Sayings 

* be not greatly to be allowed : For it may happeni 

* as oftentimes itdoih chance indeed, that a Man 

* of Honefty, Worfhip, yea of Honour, may com- 

* mit Tic^oa againft his f rijice, and yet, by the 

* GoodneA 


of EN Gh AN D. 401 

« Goodnefs of the famePrincc, be pardoned for that 1;, *^'"*"'t, 

* Offence j Ihall we determinate ly fay, That Man '^^ 

* is never after to be trufted in the Prince's Af- 
' fairs i Nay, God forbid, but rather think of the 

* contrary i that he which once hath run fo hallil^ 

* and raihly, that he hath overthrown himfelf and 

* fallen, and broken his £row or his Shin, will 

* after that take Heed to walk more warily. As 

* wc learn at the Apoftles of our Saviour Chrijl, > 

* who did all forfake him and run away, when 
' he was apprehended andtirought before the JewSy 

* and fpecially of St. Peter, ;who did thrice deny 
■ him. And yet after, as well Pettr as all the reft 
' of the Apoftles, did return again to their Mailer 
' Chrift ; and never would after, for neither Per- 
< fecution nor Death, forfake or deny him any 

* more. So that it may appear, although Men 

* have once gone aftray, if they return to the Truth 

* ag;ain, their TeAinmnies in the Truth be not to 
« be difcredited. And fo I truft that you fee that 
' all thefe Reafons and Objedions, made againft 

* the Authority of the Church of Rtme, be of none 

* £ff'e<El, if they be indiifetently weighed and con- 

* ildered. 

* And whereas there was a Reafon made here, 

* That a Temporal Prince, unto whom no Eccle- 

* fla'flical Jurifdidlion or Rule is given or commit- 

* ted by God, cannot himfelf be Head of the 

* Church of ChriJI ; fo he cannot fubftitute nor 

* appoint another to exercife any fuch Jurifdidion 

* or Authority in Spiritual Matters, in or over the 
*■ Church of Chriji under him : For as it was then 

* faid. No Man can give to another that Thing 

* which he hath not himfelf : Whcrcunto this An- 

* fwer was made. That a Prince may give to an- 

* other that Authority which he hath not himfelf, 

* neither may exerciie ; as, for Example, they al- 

* ledgc,ThataKingof himfelf is notajudge, anil 

* yet he hath Authority to appoint Judges to mi- 

* nifter Jufticc. And likewifc they faid. That a. 
' King himfelf is no Captain, and yet hath Antho- 

* rity to appoint Captum under hUn, for Defence 

* of 

■ i>, Google 

. '4©* 5^ ParBamentary HisToay 

*t. *^»**«'' * of his Realm and Overthrow of his Kncmlei 3 

'^^ * * and even (o^ fay ihcy, be may appoint and fub- 

' ftitute one under hitn to cxercife Spiritual Jurif- 

* di^ion, altho' he have no fuch Authority himfelf. 

* Which Reafons appear unto mc not only to be 

* very weak, and feeble, but alfo to be plainly falfe 

* and againft Scripture; which doth declare. That 

* the Office ofaKingdothconfifterpecially in thefe 

* two Points, which thelcMcn deny to be in him; 

* that ia, playing of the Judge, and minifteiing of 

* Juflice to his Subjects ; and lilccwife in playing 

■ the valiant Captain, in defending of the fame hii 

* Subjr^ts from all Injury and Wrong ; aa the Sth 

* Chapter of the fiift BooIe of Kings declareth in 

* thefe. Words, Judicabit Rtx noi n»/fer, tt tgrt- 

* ditlur anit ntt, et pugnobit Bella noftra pre uebiii 

* that is, Our King fiall judge m, and lie. JbaU gt 
' ftrih before as, and he JbaU fight our Battles fer at, 

* And tikcwifc NathaH faid unto David's own Fer- 

* Ton, Refpande snibi Judicium ; Make me Anfoier 

* according tt fujiice. And likcwife Soleman him« 

* felf did give Sentence and Judgment betweea 

* the two common Women, which of them two 

* was the Mother of the Child which was alive. 

* And as for to prove thatthtife Kings, with others 

* in the Old Teilament, were Captains thcmfclvcs 

* in the Defence of their Realms, is mgre mani- 

* fell than I fhall need to travel in proving of the 

* fame. 

* And thus to draw unto an End, I tnift your 

* Lordfhips do fee, that, for Unity and Concord ia 

* Faith and Religion, to be prcfervcd and continu- 

* cd in the Church, our Saviour Chriji, the Spoufe 

* thereof, hath appointed one Head or Governor, 

■ that is to wit, Peter and his Succeflbrsi whofe 

* Faith he promifcd fhould never decay, as we lee 

* manifeftly it hath sot indeed. And for thofe 

* Men who write and fpeak againfl this Autho- 

* riiy, if therewith their Writings and their Doings 

* be well confidered, they fhall appear to be fuch, 

* as fmall Credit or none is to be given unto in 

* Matters of Weight, fuch m this is :. For who ia 


■ i>, Google 

2/- E N G L A N D. 403 " 

« ,readcth the third Chapter of the fecond Epiftle of ■'t. Eiin^bttb. 

* St. Paui to Timathyy may fee them there lively '^S^* 

* defcribed with their Doings; and fpecially one 

* Sentence therein may be applied and verified of 

* them moft juftly ; that is, Stmper difcentesy t$ 

* nunquam ad Scitntiam Veritctis pnviaientis ; that 

* is to fay, Alvnayi Uarnlrv and never anting to the 

* KneviUdgt of Truth. For as we fee them vary 

* amongft theinfelves, one from another, fo no 

* one of them doth agree with himfelf in Matters 

* of Religion two Years together. And as they 

* be gone from the fure Rock and Stay of Ghrtji'a 

* Church, fo do they reel and waver in their Doc- 

* trine, whetein no Certainty nor Stay can be 
- * found. Whereof St. Paul doth admonifh us, and 

* teach us in the Perfon of his Scholar Timaihy, to 

* be conftant in Doctrine apd Religion, and not to 
■follow fuch Men : For after, in the fame Chap- 
« ter, he faith thus, Tu vera permane in Hi qua didi- 

* ci/li, et qua credita funt libi, fciins a quo didicerii : 

* JSKfar/or/Aw, faith St. Ptf a/, fpcaking unto every 

* Chriftian Man in the Perfon of Timothy^ continue 

* in tbofe Thi/tgi which thau haft learned, and which 

* be credited unto thee, knewing of whom thou hafi 
« learned them. -In which Words we might un- 

* derlland, that St. Puu/doth not move any Man 

■ to continue in any falfe or untrue Doctrine : 

* Wherefore he moveth every Man to confider 

■ not only his Religion and Do^rinc, but alfo, or 

* rather, the Schoolmafter of whom he learned the 

* fame: For of the Knowledge, Conftancy, and 
' Worthinefs of the Schoolmaller, or Teacher, 

* may the DoArine, taught by him, be known to 

* be good and fouild, or oiherwife. Now, if a Man 

* {houid aik of thefe Men in this Realm, which 

* dilTent from the Catholic Church, npt only in this 
-< Point of the Supremacy, but alfo in divers of the 

* chief Myfteries of our Faith, of whom they 

* learned this Doflrine which they hold and teach ? 

* they muft needs anfwer, That they learned it of 

* the Germans. Then we may demand of them 

* again. Of whom the Germans did learn it ? 

Vol. III. C c Where- 

■ i>, Google 

404 Ihe ParliamentaryMiisro^Y 

Q_ EHxahiib. » Whcrcunto they tnuft anfwer. Thai they leariT- 
'iS^- * ed it of Lulhtr. Well then, of whom did Luther 

* learn it i Whereunto he ihall anfwAt himrelf, in 
' his Book that he wrote, Di Mijfa angulari, fm 

* privala ; where he faith. That fuch Things, as 

* he leacheth againft the Mafs, and the bleiTed 

* Sacrament of the Altar, he learned of Satan the 

* Devil : At whofe Hands, it is hkc, he did alfo 

* receive the Veft of his Dodtrine, Then here be 

* two Points diligently to be noted ; ^rji. That 

* this Doi^tine is not fifty Years old, for no Man 
' taught it before /.wMfr ,■ And,/e(*n/iarily^ That 
' Luihir dol\i acknowledge.andconfefsthe Devil to 

* be his Echodmaftcr in divers Points of bis Doc- 
' * trine. So that if Men would diligently minO St. 

* Paul'* Words, where he biddeth us know of 

* whom we have learned fuch Doctrine as we hold, 

* they would refufe this perverfe and wicked Doc- 

* trine, knowing from whom it came. But if they 

* will atk us of whom we learned our Dodrinc, 

* we anfwer them. That we learned it of our 

* Forefathers in the Catholic Church, which hath 

* in it continuedly the Holy Spirit of God for a 
' Ruler and Governor: And again, if they alk 

* of whom our Fathers learned this lame, we fay, 

* Of their Forefathers within the fame Church. 
' And fo we manually afcend in Pofleffion of our 
' Doftrine, from Age to Age, unto the Apoftk 

* Piter y unto whom, as St. Cyprian faith, our.Sa- 

* yiour Chrijl did betake his Sheep to be fed, and 

* upon whom he founded his Church. 

' So that now we may be bold to ftand in out 

* Doctrine and Religion againft our Adverfaiies, 
' feeing that theirs is not yet fifty Years old, and 

* ours above fifteen hundred Years old. They 
' have, for Authority and Commendation of their 

* Religion, Zur^«r and his SchoolmaAerbeforemen- 
' tioned; we have for ours, St. P/r^r andhis Maftet 

* Chrlft. So that now, by the Doflrine of Irenaut, 
' every Man mav know where the Truth is, and 
' whom he Ihould follow ; which faith thus, £//, 
' qui ia EciUfia funt Prefiyltt'tt obedirt opartet ; 

* bit 


»/• E N G L A N D. ifoj 

■ ' in qui Succijfiiitiem hahtnt ab Jpoflelis, qui cum Q;. EUsabni. . 

* epifiopaii Sucajftone Charifma l^erilaiis urtumfr- 'iS*- 
' cundum placitum Palris aeceperunt ; reliquos vera 

* qui abfijlunt a principali Suc(eJJlone, et quocunqut 

* Ltd coUiguntur,fufp€£iis habere, vel quaft Htere- 

* ticoSf et mala Sententiie, vel qtiafi Jludentti \par- 

* r/am] et elatos fibi placentes : Jut rurfui ut Hypo~ ■ 

* critas ^ajim gratia et varta Gloriis hoc iiperan- 

' tts ; qui emnes decidual a Vtriiati. That is, • To . , 

*' thofe Priefts which be in the Church we ouglic 
•' to obey, (hofe which have their Succeflion from 
•' the Apoftles, who, with Bifliop-like SucceJlion, 
*' have received a fure gracious Gift, according to 
*' theGood-wiil of the Father : But for the other, 
*' which depart trom the principal Succeffion, and 
" be gathered in whatfoevcr Place, we ought to 
*• hold them fufpeiSed, either as Heretics and of 
*' an evil Opinion, or as malting Divifions, and 
, ■" proud Men, and pleafmg themfelves : Or, again, 
*' as Hypocrites, doing that for Advantage and 
•' vain Glory ; which all do fall from the Truth.' 

* And thus I make an End, moR humbly thanking 

* your good Lordfliips for your gtntle Patience j 

* defiring the fame likewife to weigh and confidec 

* thefe Things which I have fpoken, as fliall be 

* thought good to your Wifdoms.' 

Amongj^ the Temporal Lords, in the Oppofition 
to the Bill of Supremacy, ^fl/ianjiSrisit'M, Vifcount 
Aiontc^cute., (who had been fcnt to Rome, in the laJt 
Reign, by the Parliament, along with Thurlhy, Bi- 
ihop of Ely, to procure that England, might be 
reftored to the Unity of the Church of Rome, and 
Obedience to the Apoftolic See) out of a Sentiment 
of Zeal and Honour, fays Camden, fpoke, in the 
Debate, to this EfFea: 

* That it would be a very difgraceful Reflrc-LordAfoMifH«'» 

* tion upon England, which was fo lately and fo^P°"^ °?l''* 

* well reconciled to the Apoftolic See, to make fo "°^ " ■*' 

* fudden a Revolt frgm it. And, moreover, the 

* Hazard would be as great as the Scandal, Ihould 

* the Pope thunder out his Excommunication, and 

* expofe the Nation, by that Means, to the Refent- 

C c 2 * ment 

p -hyGoogle 


466 TT&f Parliamentary History 

<l;_ E/iKattii. « jnent of its neighbouring Enemies, npon the Score 
'SS"* * of this Defcflion. That he, for his Part, and by 

* Authority of Pariiament, and in the Name of the 

* whole Body of EnglaHd, rendered Obedience to 

* the Pope J the Performance of which he could 

* by no Mcatis difpenfe with : He therefore con- 
■ * jured them, with great Importunity, not to witb- 

* draw themfelvei from die See of Rsme ; to 

* which they wCre beholden for the firll Chiiftian 

* Faith, and the conftant Defence of it ever fince." 

WhatSuccefsallthefeSpeeches hadneedsno Ex- 
planation ; the Bill palTed into a Law^ and is the 
firft amongft our printed Statutes of this Reign, 
This Aft renews all the Laws of King Henry VIII. 
which Queen Mary had repealed, as well as thofe 
of King EdviardVl. in Favour of the Reformation, 
By it is declared, * That whatever Rights, Privi- 
' * leges, orSpiritualPrefaeminenceshadbeen former- 

* ly in Ufe, and eftabliflied by any Ecclefiaftical 

* Authority whatever ; for vifiting the Clergy and 
" corrc^ngall Kinds tif Error, Herefy, and Schifni, 

* with other Abufes and Diforders, fliould be for 

* ever annexed to the Imperial Crown of England. 

* That the Queen and her Succeflbrs might be iin- 

* powered to give their Letters Patent to fome par- 

* ticular Perfons, for the due Exercife of that Au- 

* thority ; on this Condition, 4iowever, that they 

* ftiould not determine any Thing to be Herefy, bot 

* what had been fo defined Time out of Mind, ei- 

* ther from Canonical Scripture, the four firjl Oe- 

* cunemical Councils, or fome other, according to 

* the genuine Senfe of Holy Writ j or fbould here- 

* after be fo defined,' by Authority of Parliament, 
■ with the Confcnt of the Englijh Clergy, in Con- 

* vocation. That all Ecclefiaflical Perfons and 

* Magiftrates, who received Pentions from the Ex- 

* chequer j fuch as Oiould take any Degree in the 

* Univerfities j Wards that were to fue their Li- 

* vcries and be invefted in their Eftates ; and fuch 
, * as were to be admitted into the Queen's Service, 

■* tic. fhould take an Oath to acknowledge the 

* Queen to be the Supreme Governor of her 

* Kingdi^ms, 

■ i>, Google 

5^ E N G L A N D. 407 

* Eingi]om9,inaUCaufet,a8 wdlSpirjtualasCivil. ^EHxaiat. 

* Laluy,' all foreign Princes and Potentates are by 'Ji'" 
^ this A£t wholly excluded the Privilege of talcing 

* Cognizance of any Caufe within her Oominions.' 

By one Claufe in this A£t, the Queen and her 
Succeflbrs are impowered to eie£l a High Commif- 
fion Court for the Exercife of all Ecclefiaftical Jurif- 
dii5tion. For the particular Power of this <Jourt 
we refer to the A& itfelf, ilncc it was not fct on 
Foot 'tilt the i8th of this Reign, 

In order to flrengthcn Queen Elizahttb's Title 
ilill the more, a Bill was brought into the Houfe of 
Iiords, February lOt whereby the Queen is made 
inheritable to the late Queen Ami her Mother ; 
which afterwards pafled into a Law. On the i ith 
of the fame Month two Bills were fcnt up by the ' 
Commons ; the one for a Subfidy of two Fifteenths 
and two Tenths, granted by them, the other for 
Tonnage and Poundage given alfo for Life. The 
firft was returned, paOed by the Lords, with fome 
CorreSions inferted, Ftbruary 16; and the latter, * Sobfidy, 
on the 20th, was alfo fent down, with tertain 
Amendments added to it ; which were all agreed 
to by the Commons ", 

A Petition was delivered " to the Lords, by the 
Knights and Burgefles of the Wilfit Shires, and the 
County Palatine of Chtfitr^ praying to be refpited* 
and have longer Time allowed them for the Pay- 
ment of the Subfidies and Myfes charged upon thole 
Counties. The Lords thought proper to move the ' 
Queen about this Matter by the Lord-Keeper, 
to know her Majedy's Pleafure herein; which af- 
ter they underflood, an Order was made that the 
faid Counties fliould be allowed a Year's Time, af- 
ter the Afleflment of thefe Taxes was laid by the 
Commiffioners, to difcharge them in. And this 
Award was ordered to be entered in their yaurnal. 

In the faid Journals is alfo an Entry made, rela- 
. ting to the Privileges of the Peers ' : , 

C c 3 * Whereas 

■ It it IbaDge diit Ur, CmJn tikei iw Netlwof thiiSuUidf. 
^Fii. It. 

p-hy Google 

4o8 I'iie Parliamentary HisTORr 

Q^El'iMhai. * Whereas one John Brexbam hath brought one 
»i5*' * Aflizc againft the Lord Willoughby of PaTbam^ to 

* be Hied at and in the Aflizes and Sef&ons now 

* next to be holden at Limdln. Upon Complaint 
*■ and Petition of the faid Lord Wtllaughby, for that 

ReTolution ttU- • he neteflatily attendeth the Parliament, fo as he 
ting loPiivikgct cannot with his learned Counfel, fome of whom 
ofFcui. , ijjjp^jfg be Burj.effc8 of this Parliament, be at 

* the faid Sellions and AAIms : It is therefore or- 

* dcred and decreed, by the Lords in Parliament, 

* That an Injunftion prefently be awarded out t& 

* the Chancery to the faid John Broxham, bis 
. * Counfellors and Attornies, 'commanding them, 

* and every of them, upon the Pain of 500 /. that 

* they, nor none ol them, in any wife proceed tn and 
' to that Trial of the faid Affize, at this Aflizea 

* now next to be holden at Linctin aforcfaid. 

Fehruary 4.. A Motion was made in the Houfe 
of Commons, to addrefs her Majefty on the Sub- 
jefl ot her Marriage. This was feconded by feve- 
tal; though the Subflance of the Arguments made 
ufe of on thii. Occafion are omitted in the Jour- 
nal. But we find that, on the 6th, it was agreed by 
the whole Houfe, that thirty of their Members 
fliould go with their Speaker, and attend upon the 
Queen that Afternoon with their Addrefs. How- 
ever it was not prefenttd till Ftb. 10, to try to get 
the Peers to fecond it ; but they, fays CamdtHy re- 
■ fufed, for Fear they fhould be fufpeiftedof a Defign 
to ferve iheir own Etidi, by it : Wherefore, on the 
Day atoiefaid. Sir Thotnai Gargrave, the Speaker, 
and (be Cummittee, waited upon the Queen, when 
he delivered himfetf to heiin thefe Words : 

May it pUafe the ^ttn'i Highntfs. 

The Commoni ' 'TT^Here is nothing that we more earneflly de- 
uddrefitheQueen' _|_ fire of God in our daily Prayers, than that 
wwu.X- ' the Hapcinefi, we have hitherto enjoyed, in the 

* Equity and Juftice of your Majefty's Govcrn- 

* mcnt, may be continued to this Nauon down to 

• the 


5/- E N G L A N D. 409 

* the Jateft Pofterity : But how to efFed this, amidft Q. Eiiz^iab. 

* all the Variety of our Aims and Ende<tvours, we ^^^ * 

* muft profefs ourfelves at a Lofs, unlefs either your 
■ Majefty were to reign for ever, (a BlelCng which 

* 'twere in vain to hope for) or would youchfafe 

* to accept fnnie Matcli capable of IVipplying Heirs 

* to your Royal Virtues unu Domitiions, which 

* God grant, fince it is the hearty and united Wilh 

* of all your Subjeih. It ought to be the maiif 

* Concern of Perfons of all Ranks and Degrees 

* whatever, (of Princes efpecially) that, fmce they 

* are monal themfelves, they may fecure the King- 

* dom from that Fate. Now it is in your Maje- 
*fty's Power to confer this Kind of Immortality 

* upon your Kingdom of England, by accepting a 

* Hulhand, who may prove a Support and Comfort 

* to you in all Changes of Fortune ; befides that 

* your Majefty 's i emper and Age, Perfon and 

* Fortune, feem to plead hard for fuch a Change 

* of State. For it cannot be doubted, but the fin- 
« gle Zeal and Afllduity of fuch a Relation will dif- 

* patch more Bufmefs, and to better Purpofe, than 

* the joint Endeavours of a great many who are 

* lefs concerned. Nor indeed can any Thing have 

* a worfc Influence upon the Public, than that a 

* Princefs,. whofe Marriage niuft needs produce the 
' Twin Bleffings of Peace and Safety to a Kingdom, 

* fliould, like a Nun profefs'd, condemn herlelf to 

* a fingle State, , Since your Majefty has received 

* the Kingdom by way of Inheritance from your 

* Royal Anceftors, you ought to continue it down 

* to fuch, as may prove the Glory and the Security 

* thereof. Beddes, the Kings of England have 

* ever fhewn a more than ordinary Concern, that 

* the Royal Family might not be exlinift for Want 

* of IlTuc : Hence was it, that your Royal Grand- 

* father, Hinry VIl, did (within out freOieft Me- 

* mory) provide fuitable Matches for his Sons Ar- 

* thur and Hinry^ tho' they were both very young, 

* And, for the fame Reafon, your Royal Father 

* courted MaryQueea ot Scelt for his Son Prince 

' Edward, 


410 The FarUatiuniary Historv 

q_ KlinAtb. I Edward, who was then but eight Years old, 
'*5'' • And it is hot very long fince your Sifter Quccii 

* Mary, though pretty well advanced in Years, 

* was married to Pbilip of Spain. Now, if the Lot 

* of Barrenncfs, whether it fell to the Share of Prin- 

* ces or Pe^fants, was always looked on as the moft 

* grievous Misfortune, what a weighty Guilt muft 

* that Princels contrail, who fhali malce this Fu- 

* nllhment her Option ; from whence innumerable 

* Evils muft arile to the Commonwealth, and fuch 

* Misfortunes as are not even to be thought of 

* without Dread and Horror. That Matteis may 

* never come to- this lad Pafs, not only the fmall 

* Number of us that are here prefent, but all £1^- 

* land in general, and every one of ~your Subject 

* in particular, caft themfclves at your Majefty'a 

* Feet, and, with the decpeft Concern, tender thu 

* humble but prcSing and earneft Addrefs,* 

Camditt hath only given us an Abftrad of tlitf 
Queen's Anfwer to this Speech in the Body of his 
Hillory ; but, as in fuch high Matters as tnefe we 
cannot be too circumftantial, we Oiall give it at 
large, as it is prcferved in Dtwti'^ JttamaL 

WfT Mijcltf't ' A S I ^^^^ %°^ Caufe, fo do, I give you all 
Aofwei. ( Xi. ""y hearty ThanJcs for the goml Zeal and 

* loving Care you feem to have, as well towards 

* me as to the whole Ellate of your Country, Your 

* Petition, I perceive, confifteih of three Parts, and 

* my Anfwer to the fame Ihall depend of two. 

' And to the firft Part, I may fay unto you, 

* That from my Years of Undeiftanding, fince Ifirft 
< had Confideration of myfelf to be born a Servant 

* of Almighty God, I happily chofe this Kind of 
' Life in the which I yet live ; which, I alTure you, 
' for mine own Par.t, hath hitherto bell contented 
> myfelf, and I Irult hath bcen-moft acceptable un- 

* to God i from the which, if either Ambition of 

* high Eftate offered to me in Marriage, by the 

* Pleafure and Appointment of my Prince, (where- 

* of I have fome Record in tbia Ptefejice» as you 


.■!>»■ Google 

»/ E N G L A N D. 411 

"our Treafurer well know) or if efc^ewing the *li EUx^ih, 

* Danger of mine Enemies, or the avoiding the '^^ * 

* Peril of Death, tvhofe MclTcngcr, or rather a 

* continual Watchman, the Prince's Indignation, 

* was no little Time daily before mine Eyes ; by 

* whofe Means, altho' I know, or juflly may fu- 

* (pcft, yet I will not now utters or if the whole 

* Caufe were in my Siiler herfelf,' I will not now 

* burden her therewith, becaufe I will not charge 

* the Dead; if any of thefe, Ifay, could have drawn 

* or difliiaded me from this Kind of Life, I had not 

* now remained in this EAate wherein you fee me; 

* But fo conflant have I always continued in this 

* Determination, although my Youth and Words 

* may feem to fome hardly to agree together, yet 

* is It moft true, that at this Day I ftand free from 

* any other Meaning, that either I have had in' 

* Times paft, or have at this-prefent ; with which 
' Trade of Life I am fo thoroughly acquainted) 

* that I truft God, who hath hitherto herein pre- 

* ferved and led me by the Aand, will notj of his 

* Goodnefs, fulFer me to go alone. 

* For the other Part, the Manner of your Peti- 

* tion I do well like, and take it in good Part, be- 

* caufe it is limple, and containeth no Limitation 

* of Place or Perfon : If it had been otherwife, I 

* muft needs have mifliked it very much, and 

* thought it in you a very great Prefumption, being 

* unfitting and altogether unmeet foe you to require 

* them that may command you; or thofe to ap- 

* point whofe Parts are to ddire ; or fuch to bind 

* and limit, whofe Duties are to obey ; or to take 

* upon you to draw my Love to your Liking, or 

* frame my Will according to your Fantafy ; for a 

* Guerdon conftrained, and Gift freely given, can 

* never agree together. Neverthelefa, if any of 

* you be in Sufpedt, whenfoever it may pleafe God 

* to incline my Heart to another Kind of Life, you 

* may well afliire yourfelves my Meaning is not 

* to. determine any Thing wherewith the Realm 

* may or fhall have jull Caufe to be difcontent ; 
< ana therefofe put that clean out of your Heads. 


■ i>» Google 

412 7^ Parliamentary History 

Q^ Ellxihith. * For I affure you,, (what Credit my Aflurance may 
»559- * have with you I cannat tell, but what Credit il 

* fljati deferve to have the Sequel (hull declare) I will 

* never in that Matter conclude any Thing that 
' ftiall be prejudicial to the Realm. For the Weal, 

* Good, and Safety whereof I wilt never fhun to 

* fpetid my Life ; and whomfoever it (hall be my 

* Chan'cctoiighlupon.ItruHhefhallbefuchasfhall 

* be as careful for the Realm as you ; 1 will not fay 

* as myfeli. becaufe Icannot To certainly determine 

* of any other, but, by my Defire, he Ihal! be fuch 
' as fhal! be as careful for the Prefcivation of the 

. * Realm and you, as myfclf. And albeit it might 

* pleafe Almighty God to coninue me ftil) in this 

* Mind, to live out of the State of Marriage, yet is 

* it not to be feared but he will fo work in my Heart, 

* and in your Wifdom, as good Provifion, by his 

* Help, may be made, whereby the Realm fhal) 

* not remain deltitute of any Heir that may be a fit 

* Governor, and petadventnre more beneficial to 

* the Realm, than fuch Ofll^pring as may come of 
. ' * me : For tho' I be never fo careful of your WeU- 

* doing, and mind ever fo to be, yet may my \Sae 

* growoucof Kind, and become perhaps ungracious. . 

* And, in the End, this (hall be for me fufficier)t, 

* that a Marble Stone fhall declare, that a Queen 

* having reigned fuch a Time, lived and died a 

* Virgin. And here 1 end, and lake your Coming 

* to me in good Part, and give unto all my hearty 

* Thanks ; more yet for your Zeal and good Mcan- 

* ing than for your Petition.' 

Aft rornchan;- jtprtl%. A Bill was read a third Time in the 

i^UndiofBi-Houfe of Lords, giving Authority to the Queen's 

'^"f^*' Highnefs, upon the Avoidance of any Archbilhopric 

or Bifhopric. to take into her Hands certain of the 

Temporal PofTeflions thereof, recompenfing the 

fame with Parfonages impropriate. Tenths, iSc 

The Bill was concluded, the Archbifhop of Yori, 

the.Bilhops of London, Wmth^jier, Worctfitr, Ci- 

veniry, Exeter^ani\CheJier,A\Kcn'ar\^. It afterwards 

patibd into a Statute : But we muA tefei to the A£lr 


p -hyGoogle 

o/- E N G L A N,D. 413 

itfeif, and the more genera! Ecdefiaftical Hiftortans, Q^ Eimaiitb. 
particularly Mr. Cellier, for an Explanation of this 'iM' 

The red; of the A&a putted in this Seffion of Par- 
liament, that are worth Ndticc, are thefc : An Ad 
relating to the offering Violenfe againft the Queen's 
Perfon. An Att for the Uniformity of Common 
Prayer and Service in the Church, and the Admi- 
niftration of Sacraments. By this Aift the Liturgy 
and the Sucraments eftablilhed m Edward Vhh'a 
Time, were to be ufed and adminiftered in all 
Churches, with very little Variation, under a cer- 
tain Penalty to fuch as fliould prefume to corrupt 
them, or refort to any other. There paffcd like- 
wife another, for frequenting public Service on 
Sundays and Holidays, on Pain of ijd. Forfeiture, 
to be employ'd for the Ufe of the Poor. 

Againft the Bill for the Liturgy we have two 
other Speeches, in Mr. Strype's Annals '', made 
by two zealous Catholic Divines, Dr. Feckenhamy 
Abbot of IVeJlmhflir, the laft of his Order that ever 
ipoke in that Houfe i and the fame Dr. Scelt, Sifliop 
of Chijitr; which, without any more Apology, 
we give in their own Words, And firft the Abbot : 

Homurahh and my very getd Lards, 

* T TAving at this prefent two fundry Kinds of Abtoi f«Ib»- 

* JTl K.elig'"*i> here propounded and fet forth be- ^'"'? SpMcb »- 

* (ore your Honours, being already in Pofleffion of^'" ° 

* the one of them, and your Fathers before yoU] for 

* the Space of fourteen hundred Years paft here 

* in this Realm, like as I fljall hereafter prove un- 

* to you ; the other Religion here fet in a Boole 

* to be received and eftahliihed by the Authority of 

* this High Court of Parliament, and to Cake its 

* LiFed here in this Realm at Midfummer next 
< coming. And you being, as I know right well, 

* defirous to have fome Proof or furc Knowledge 

* which of both thefe Religions is the better, and 

* mo{l worthy to be eDabliSied here in this Realm; 

* and to be preferred before the other, I will for 

* my Part, and for the Difcharge of my Duty, 

i ilbatU 'fibt Ri/n'malin, Val, I. in cbc ^ffnidin. ■' -^ * 

p -hyGoogle 

414 ^ Parliamentary History 

9^EiiMthih.* firfi, unto God ;^fiWj^,nnto'outSoTer«ig;nLa- 
>55> *■ dy the Queen's Highnsfs ; thirdly^ unto your Ho- 

* nours and to the whole Commom of this Realoiy 

* here let forth and cxprcfs unto you three bri^ 

* Rules and LcHons, whereby your Honours fhaJl 

* be able to put Difference betwixt the true Reli- 

* gitmof God and the Counterfeit, and therein ne- 

* ver be deceived. The firft of thcfe three Rules 

* or Leflbns is. That, in your Search andTtial-ma- 

* king, your Honours. muft obferve which of them 

* both hath been of moll Antiquity, and mod ob- 

* ferved in the Church of Chrijl, of all Men, at all 

* Times and Seafons, and in all PJaces. They<- 
' tendi ]Which of them both is of itfelf more fled-. 

-' * faft, and always forth one and agreeable with it- 

* felf. The third and laji Rule to be confideted 

* of your Wifdoros is, Which of thefe Religions. 

* doth breed the more humbleand obedient Subje^s^ 

* iirft unto God, and next ilnto our Sovereign La- 

* dy the Qtieen's Highnefs, and all fuperior Powers, 

* Concerning thefr/i Rule and LelTon, it can- 

* not be truly affirmed or yet thought of any Man, 

* that this new Religion, here now to be fet forth 

* in this Book, hath been obferved in Chrifl'i 
•*■ Church of all Chriflian Men, at all Times and in 

* all Places ; when the fame hath been obferved ' 

■ only here in this Realm, and that for a Ihor^ 

* Time, as not much pafling the Space of two 
~* Years, and that in King Edward the Sixth's 

* Days ; whereas the Religion, and the very faraQ 

* Manner of ferving and honouring of God, tif ihe 

* which you are at this prefent in PoJTeffion, did 

* begin herein this Realm 1400 Years paffin King 

* Lucius'i Days, the firft Chriflian King of this 

* Realm ; by whofe humble Letters fent to the 

■ Pope Elulotrlui, he fent to this Realm two holy 

* Monks, the one called Damianui^ the other Fa- 
*ganusi and they, as Ambafladors fent from the 

* See Apoftolicof-J?0m;, did bring into this Realm, 

* fo many Years pafl, the very fame Religion 

* whereofweaTenowinPofTeflioni and in the i^/ia 
'* Toegtie, as the antient Hiftoriographer Gildtij 

• witncf- 

■ i>, Google 

ef E N G L A N D. 41J 

* witneOcth, in the Prologue and Beginning of his Q;.E!limtia, 

* Boole of the Britain Hiftory. And the fame Re- '"'* 

* li^on, To long igo begun, hath had this longCon- 

* tinuance ever fince here in this Realm ; «id not 

* onlyof the Inhabitants thereof, but alfo gcneially 

* ofallChrillianMen, andin all Places of ChriHen- 

* dom, untill the late Days of King Edward VI, 

* as is aforefaid. Whereby it appeareth unto all 

■ Men that lift to know, how that, by this Rule and ' , 

* LelTon, the antlent Religion and Manner of fer- 

* vingofGod (whereofnrearealreadyinPoiTeffion) 

* is the very true and perfei^ Religion, and of God. 

* Touching the y>«»i Rule and LclTon of Tri- 

* al-making and Probation, whether of both thefe 

* Religions is the better and moll worthy of Ob- 

* fervation here in this Realm, is this, That your 

* Honours muft obfervc which of both thefe is the 

* taoS: ftayed Religipn, and aiwayi forth one, and 
' agreeable with itfelf. And that the new Religion, 

* here ^ow to be fet forth in this Book, is no ftayed 

* Religion, nor always forth one, nor agreeable 

* with itfelf, who feeth it not ; when in the late 

* Practice thereof in King £itoan/ the Sixth's Days, 

* how changeable and how variable was it in and 

* to itfelf^ Every other Year having a new Book 

* devifed thereof; and every Book being fet forth, 

* as they profeflcd, according to the fmcere Word 

* of God, never any one of them agreeing in all 

* Points with the other : The firft Book affirming 

* the Seven Sacraments, and the real Prefence of 

* Chris's Body in the Holy Eucharift'' j the other 

* denying the fame : The one Book admitting the 

* real Prefence of Chris's Body in the faid Sacra- 
< mmt to be received in one Kind with kneeling 

* down, and great Reverence done unto it, and 
« that in unleavened Bread ; and the other Book 

* would have the Communion received in both the 

* Kinds, and in Loaf Bread ", without anj Reve- 

* rence, but only unto the Body of Chriji in Hea- 
•■ ven. But the Thing moft worthy to te t^ferved 

• of 

•1 Thii ii utterly fiUe, u Imj be fecD in tlwt lirft fittot, cillcd 
Sbt Ordir tfiti Ctmmaaiai, in Bp> Sferran't Col1«Aioat. Siryft, 

t The Co|iy [« iJk Biaet Coll, Library, mil, In Ltavai 
MrtaJ, Ibii, 

p-hy Google- 

4 1 6 T&^ Parliamentdfy Histort 

<t. ifr«"*"». « of your Honours, is, how that , every Book 
'SiS- * made a Shew to be fet forth according to the 

* fincerc Word of God, and not one of them did 

* agree wilh another. And what Marvel, I pray 

* yoj, when the Authors and Devifers of the 

* fame Socks could not agree amongft themfelves, 

* nor yet any one of (hem might be found that did 

* long agree with himfelf ? And, for the Proof 

* thereof, I QiallfirA begin with the German Wri- 

* ters, the chief Schoolma^ers and Inflrui^ors of 

* our Countrymen in all chefe Novelties. 

* And i do read in an Epiftle which Philip Mr- 

* laaShen did write unto one Frederics MianinSy 

* how that one Caralojiadiui was the firft Mover 

* and Begmner of the late Sedition in Germany^ 

* touching the Sacrament of the Altar, and the de- 

* nying of Chrift'% real Prefence in the fame. And 

* when he fliould come to interpret thofe Words 

* of our Saviour Chrift ; Jccepit Panim, heni- 

* dixit f fngit, deditque Difdputis fuis, dicenSy ^c- 

* cipilCf et comedite, hoc eji Corpus meum, quod prt 

* iwbis imdelur, Digila, inquit ille, mon/iravit vi- 

* fibile Corpus fuum. By which Interpretation of 

* CarehJladiuSi Chriji Ihould with the one Hand 

* give unto his Difciples Bread to eat, and with 

* the other Hand point unto his vifible Body that 

* was there prefent, and fay, This is my Body, 

* which Jhall be betrayed for you, Martin Luthtr^ 

* much offended with this foolifli Expofition made 

* by Caroloftadiui of the Words of Chrift^ Hoc ift 
■ Corpus meum, he givech another Senfe, and &ith 

* that German, Stnjus Virborum Chrifti, was this, 

* Per hum Patiem, vet cum ijio Pane, En / D» 

* vobis Carpus meum. But ZwingHus finding inuch 

* Fault with the Interpretation of Martin Lu- 

* ther, writeth, that Luther therein was much 

* deceived, and how that in thefe Words of 

* ChriJI, Hoc eft Corpus meum, the Verb Subftan- 

* live eft myft be taken for fignificat, and this Word 

* Carpus, (quod pro vobis tradetur) muft be taken 

* pro Figura Corporis. So that the true Senfe of 

* thefe Words of Cbrjft, Hoc eJi Corpus meum, by 

* Zwing- 


{/•ENGLAND. 417 

* Xmtrtgliuf's Suppofal, is. Hoc fignificat Cerfus me- Q^EHxiiat. 

* um, vtl ejl Figura Corporis mei. Peter Martyr 'SS9* 

* being of late here in this Realm, in his Book by 

* him fet forth, 'of the Difputation whicK he had 

* in Oxftrdt with the learned Students there, of 

* this Matter, giveth another Senfe of thefe Words 

* of Chriji, contrary unto all the reft ; and there 

* faith thus, ^»d Chriftus recipient Panem, hene- 

* dixit, fregit, didilque Difcipulis fuis, diceas., Hoc 

* tjt Corpus meum ; quaji dictret Corpus meum, per 

* Fidtm perctptum, erit vobis pro Pane, vel injlar 

* Panis ; whofe Senfe in the Englijh is this. That 

* Chrift'i Body, received by Faith, fl>ouid be unta 
' • yeu as Bread, er in/lead of the Bread. 

' But here, toceafe any further to fpcak of thcfc 

* German Writers, I (hall draw nearer Home, as 

* unto Dr. Cranmer, late Archbifliop of Canterbury, 

* in this Realm; how contrary was he unto him- 

* felf in this Matter ? When in "oiic Year he did 

* fet forth a Catechifm in the Englijh Tongue, and 

* did dedicate the fame unto King Edward VI. 
■ wherein he did moft conftantly affirm and defand 
« the real Ptefence of Cbrift'% Body in the Holy 

* Eucharift ; and very (hortly after he did fet forth 

* another Boole, wherein he did moft fhamefully 

* deny the^fame, faltifying both the Scriptures and 

* DodoTs, to the no fmall Admiration of all the 

* learned Readers. Dt, Ridley, the notabieft learn- 
< ed of that Religion in this Realm, did fet forth, 
« at PauCi Crofs, the real Prefence of Cbrijl^ Bo- 

* dy in the Sacrament, with thefe Words, which 

* I heard, being there prefent : * How that the 
*' Devil did believe the Son of God was able to 
*' make of Stones Bread ; and we Englijh People, 
*' which do confefs that Jefus Chriji was the very 
*' Son of God, yet will not believe that he did 
*' make of Bread his very Body, Flefti and Blood : 
** Therefore we are worfe than the Devil ; feeino; 
** that our Saviour Chrifl, by exprefs Words, moft 
" plainly affirmed the fame, when at the luft Sup- 
'* per he took Bread, and faid unto his Dlfciples, 
*' Take ye^ eat, this is my Body, which ftiall be 

" gvven 

P:h»GpOgle — 

4i8 ^e ParUamenfary History 

tl^Mlltiaitti. *' glviH fer yea,' And ftiortly after the faid Dr. 
'Si9' t Ridltyt notwithftanding this mod plain and open 

* Speech at Paufa Crofs, did deny the fame. And 

* in the laft Book that Dr. Cranmtr and his Ac- 
* * complices did fet forth of the Communion, in 

* King Edward the Sixth's Days, thefe plain 

* Words of CbriJ}^ Hoc eft Corpus mium^ did fo • 

* incumber them and trouble their Wits, that they 

* didieavc out, in the fame laft Boole, this Verb 

* Subllaniive ifi ' j and made the Senfe of Chrifl'a 

* Words to be there engliflied, Taki, eat ihis aty 

* Body, and left out there, this is my Body j which 

* Thing being efpied by others, and great Fault 

* found withal), then they were fain to patch up 

* the Matter, with a little Piece of Paper clapped 

* over the forefaid Words, wherein was written 

* this Vcib Subflantive ell. The Dealing herc- 

* with being fo uncertam, both of the German 

* Writers and Englijb, and one of them fo much 

* ^ainft another, your Honours may be well af- 

* fured that this Religion, which by them is fet 

* forth, can be no conftant, no ftayed Keligion, 

* and therefore of your Honours not to be re- 

* ceived; but great Wifdom it were for your Ho- 

* nours to refufe the fame, untill you {hall perceive 
t * better Agreement amongft the Authors atid Set- 

* ters-forth of the fame, 

' Touching the third and laft Rule of Trial- 

* making, and putting of Difference between thefe 

* Religions, it is to be confidered of your Honourt 

* which of them both doth lireed more obedient, 

* humble, and better Subjeds ; firft and chiefly unto 

* our Saviour and Redeemer ; fecondly, unto our 

* Sovereign Lady the Queen's Highnefs, and to all 

* other Superiors i And, for fomc Trial and Proba- 

* tion thereof, I Ihall defire your Honours to con- 

* fider the fudden Mutation of the Subje£ts of this 

* Realm, fincetheDeathofthegoodQuecnyl/flrjr, 

* only caufed in them by the Preachers of this new 

* Religion : When, in Queen Mafya DayS, your 

* Honours do know right well how the People of 

' this 
■ Thii pnibabl; was only an Ertot nf ihi Printtr, S'rjf4. 

■ i>,Got)^lc 

0/ E N G L A N D. +19 

* this Realm did live in an Order j and would liot %_Slii»aiiib. 

* run before Laws, not openly difobcy the Queen'i 'S^'" 

* Highnefs'sProceedingsandProclamations. There 

* wasnofpoiling cf Churches, pulling down of Al- 

* tars, and mod blafphemous treading of Sacraments 

* under their Feet, and hanging up the Knave of 

* Clubs in the Place thereof. There was no fcotch- 

* ing nor cutting of the Faces and Legs of the Cru- 

* cihx and Image ai Chrift ; there was no open 

* FleOi eatingnorShambles-lceepinginthe£fnf and 

* Days prohibited. The Subjeds of this Realm, 

* and erpecially the Nobility and fuch as were of 

* the Honourable Council, did, in Queen Mary's 

* DaySiknow the Way unto ChuTchc- and Chapels, 

* there to begin their Day's Woik, with calling for 

* Help and Grace by humble Prayers and Jeivmg 

* erf God. And now, fmce the Coming and Reien 

* of our moft fovereign and dear Lady Queen Eli- 

* zahetbt by the only Picachers and Scaffold -players, 

* of this new Religion, all Things are turned up- 

* fide down; and not with {landing the Queen's Ma- 

* jelly's Proclamations moft godly made to the con- 

* trary, and her virtuous Example of Living, fuf- 

* ficjenttomove the Hearts of all obedient Subjeds 

* to the due Service and Honour of God. But 

* Obedience is gone, Humility and MeeVnefs cleat 

* abolifhed, virtuotis Chaftity and flrait Living de- 

* nied, as tho' they had never been haard of in this 

* Realm, all Degrees and Kinds being defirous of 

* flefhly and carnal Liberty ; whereby the young 

* Springals and Children are degenerate from their 

* naturalFathers,theSeivantsContemptorsoftheit 

* Mailers' Commandments, the Subje<£ts difobe- 
■ dient unto God and all fuperior Powers. 

* And therefore, Honourable and my very good 

* Lords, of my Part to minifter fome Occafion 
' unto .your Honours to expel, avoid, and put out 

* of this Realm this new Religion, whofe Fruits 

* are already fo manifedly known to be as I have 

* repeated ; and to perfuade your Honours to avoid 

* it, as much as in me lieth, and to perfevere and 

* continue ftedfaftly in the fame Religion, whereof 

Vol. III. D d * you 

p:hy Google 

42<i ^^ Parliamentary History 

Q^Elixaitib. < you are in PoilefBon, and have already made Pro- 
■SS9- t tefliun of the fame unto God ; 1 (bajl rehearTe 

* unto your Honours four Things, whereby the 

* holy Do&or Si. Auguftin* was continued in the 

* Catholic Church and Religion of Chriji, which 

* he had received, and would by no Means change 

* nor alter from the fame. Thejirfl of thefe four 
' Things was, Ip/a /futbaritai EccUfta: Chrifti Mi' 

* ratulis incheata, Sfie nutrita^ Charitate auSa, Ve- 

* tuflatt firmata. The fecimd Thing was, Papult 
' Cbrifiiani Conftnfms' tt Unilas. The third was, 

* Perpetua Sacirdotum Succeffia in SedePetA. The 

* feurth and /a^Thing was, Ip/um Cathalicte Nemen. 

* If thefe four Things did caufe fo notable and 

* learned a Cleik as St. AugujUue was, to continue: 

* in his profcfTed Religion of Chri/} without all 

* Change and Alteration, how much then ought 

* ihefe four Points to work the like ESe£t in your 

* Hearts, and not to forfake your profefTed Reli- 
« gtnn i Pirft., Becaufe it hath the Authority of 

* Chrtji. Stcmdly, Becaufe it hath the Conlcni and 

* Agreement of Chriftian People. Thirdly, Becaule 

* it hath the Confirmation of alt Peter's SuccefTors 
•in the See Apoftolic. Fourthly, It hath /p/un 

* Catbolicie Nomen, and in all Times and Seafons, 

* called The Catholic Religian ef Chrift. Thus 

* bold have I been to ^rouble your Honours with 

* fo tedious and long an Oration, for the difchar- 

* ging, as I faid before, of my Duty, firft unto God, 

* lecondly unto our Sovereign Lady the Queen's 

* Highnefs, thirdly and laft, unto your Honours, 

* and all other Subjects of this Realm ; moft faum- 

* biy befeeching your Honours to take it in good 
» Part, and to be fpoken of me for the only Caufes 

* abovefaid, and for none other.' 

Another Oration made by Dr. Sceti, BiOiop oF 

Chtjier, in the Parlianient'Houfe,. againft the Bill 

of the Liturgy. 

BiAop Sati't ' rr^HIS Bill that hath beeA here read now the 

Spetch ig^inft t J^ (hird Time, doth appear unto me fuch a 

the Liiutgy. , ^^^^ ^^ ^gj jj jj mixch. to be lamented that it 



o/' E N G L A N D. 42,. 

* flioulil be fuffercd either to be reaS, yea or any -Qi C'™*"*. 

* Ear to be given unto it of Chriftiaii Men, or ft> . "SiS- 
' honourable an Aflemblv as this is : For if doth ' 

^ not only call in Queftion and Doubt thofe Things 

* which we ought to reverence ri'ilhoutany Douht 

* moving ; hut maketh further earneft Requeft for 

* Alterance, yea, for the clear aboHiliing of the "■ . 
■* fame. And that this" may more evidently appear, 

* I (ha!! defire your LorJfliips to confider, that out 

* Religion, as it was here of late difereetly, godly, 
'* and learnedly declared, doth confift partly in in- 

* ward Things, as in Faith, Hope, and Charity j 
' and partly in outward Things, as in cotnmon 

* Prayers, and the holy Sacraments uniformly mi-. 
' niflred. 

*Now, as concerning thefe outward Things, 

* this Bill doth clearly extinguifii them, fetting in 

* their Places I cannot tell what. And the Inward 

* it doih alfo (o lliake, that it leaveth them very 

* bare and feeble. 

• For,/r/?, by this Bill, ChriftianCharity is ta- 
.* ken away, in that the Unity of Chrifl's Church 
» is broken': For it is faid, Nunquem rttinquunt 
■ Unitatem, qui van prius amitlunt Charitatim. 

* And St-PdH/ faith, That Charity isF(Wa/«)nPcr- 

* feUtanis, the Bond or Chain of Perfcflion, 

* wherewith we be knit and Joined together in one j 

< which Bond being loofed, we mufl needs fall 

* one from another, in divers Parties and Se£ts, as 
- * we fee we do at this prefent, A-nd as touching 

* our Faith, it is evident that divers of the Articles 

< and Myfteries thereof be aifo not-only caUed info 
' Doubt, but partly openly, and partly obfcurely, 

* and yet in very Deed, as the other, flatly denied. 
' Now thefe two, I mean Faith and Charily, be- 

* ing in this Cafe, Hc^e is either left alone, or elfe 

* Prefumplionfct io her Place ; whereupon, forlhe 

* mod part. Desperation doth follow j from the 

* which I pray Gcw! prefervc all Men. 

» Wherefore thefe Matters mentiancd in this Bill, 

* wherein ourwholeReligionconfifteth, we ought, 

* I fay, to levcfence, and not tocall into Qiiefiion ; 

D d 2 * for 

■ I,, Google 

4^2 7^ Parliamentary History 

Q_ EBaMiiib. « for as a learned Man writeth, ^a pattfaUx 
*Si%' * fiat ^uterere, qua ptrfifla funt ritraitm-iy et qua 

* dtfinita [unt canvtlUn, quid aliud eft, quin di 

* adtptii Gratiam nan reftrrt ; that is to fay, To 

* feck after the Things which be manifetlly opened, 

* to call back or retrafl Things made pecfeft, and 
, * to pull up again Matters defined, what other 

* Thing is it, than not to give Thanks for Benefits 

* received \ Likewifc faith holy Aihanafiui, ^** 
' * nunc a tat ec ialihut Epifcapis prakatafunt ac dtcrt- 

* ta, clartqut dtmanftraia, fupirvacaneum eft dinuw 

* revttcort in yudieium : It is a fuperfluous Thing, 

* faith Jlthanafiuj^ to call into Judgment again 

* Matters which have been tried, decreed, and ma- 

* nifeftly declared, by fo many and fuch Bifliops, 

* (he mcancth as were at the Council of Nice), 

* for no Man will deny, faith hie, but if they be 
*'new examined again and'of ilew judged, and 

* after that examined again and again, this Curio- 
' fity will never come to any End. And as it is faij 

* in Ectleftaftiea Hiflaria, Si quttidit Habit Fidem in 

* ^uejlienim Vieare, dt'Fidi nunquam conftaUt : If 

* it Oiall be lawful every Day lo call our Faith in 

* QueAion, we (hall never be certain of our Faith, 

* Now, if that Mhanafius did think that no Man 

* ought to doubt of Mjitters determined in th« 

* Council of Nicet where there were prefent three 

* hundred and eighteen Bilbops, how much lefi 

* ought we to doubt of Matters determined and 
« praaifed in the Holy Catholic Church of Chri^ 

* by three hundred thoufand Bilhops, and how 

* many oiore we cannot tell i 

*■ And as for the Certainty of our Faith, where- 

* of the Story of the Church doth fpeak ; it is a 
' * Thing of all others mofl neceilary ; and if it (hall 

* hang upon an A^ of Parliament, we have but a 

* weak Staff to lean unto. And yet I (hall defire 

* your Lordlhips nof to take me here as to fpeak >n 

* Derogation of the Parliament, which I acknoW- 

* ledge to be of great Strength in Matters whereun- 

* to It extendcth : But for Matters in Religion, I 

* do not think that it ought to be meddled withall, 

* partly 

■ i.jGoo'^le 

of E N G LA N D. ■ 423 

' partly for the Certaintj' which ought to be in our Q_ SSaudai. 

* Faith and Religion, and the Uncertainty of the 'Si*" 

* Statutes and A3s of Parliament ; for we fee 

* that oftentimes that which U cltablifhed by Par- 

* liament one Year, is abrogated the next Yeap 

* following, and the contrary allowed. And we 

* fee alf6 that one King difalloweth the Statutes 

* made under the other ; but our Faith and Reli- 

* gion ought to be molt certain, and one in all 

* Times, and in no Condition wavering : For as 

* St. Jamts faith. He that deubteth, erJiaggeretB is 

* his Faitby is like iht fVavet nf the Sea, and Jhalt 

* obtain nothing at the Hands ef God. And partly 

* for that the Parliament coniifteth fijr the mott 

* PaM of Noblemen of this Realm, and certain of 

* the Commons, being Lay and Temporal Men ; 

* which, although they be both of good Wifdom 

* and Learning, yet not fo ftudied nor exerclfed in 

* the Scriptures, and the holy DoiSlors and Prac- 

* tices of the Church, as to be competent Judges in • 

* fuch Matters, Neither doth it appertain to their 

* Vocation ; yea, and that by your Lordfliips own 

* Judgment, as may well be gathered of one Fa£t> 

* which I remember was done this Parliament- timct 

* which MM this : There was a Nobleman's Son 

* arreted and committed unto Ward ; which Mat- 

* tcr, being opened here unto your Lordfliips, was 

* thought to be an Injury to this Houfe : Where- 

* upon as well the young Gentleman as the Offi- 

* cer that did arreft him, and the Party by whofe 

* Means he was arrefted, were all fent for, and 

* commanded to appear here before your Lord- 

* Ihips ; which was done accordingly : Yet, before 

* the Parties were TufFered to come into the Houfe, 
' it was thnught expedient to have the whole Mat- 
' tcr confidercd, left this Houfe (hould intermeddle 

* with Matters not pertaining unto it. In treating 

* whereof there was found three Points j firjl, 
' There was a Debt, and That your Lordfhips did 

* remit to the Common Law. Thefecond was t 

* Fraud, which was refem;d to the Chancery, be- 

* cauTc neithci of both did appeitaia unto this 

D d 3 Court. 

D,u,i,7»: I,, Google 

424 Tl&f Farliatnentary History 

Ql EffaU^ig. f Court. And the third was the Arreft, anJ com- 
'iS9' * m'ntiiTg to Ward of the faid Gentleman, where- 

* in this Houfe took Order. Now, if that by 

* your Lordfnips own Judgments the Parliament 

* hath jiot Authority 10 medrflc with Matters of 

* Common Law, which is grounded upon com- 

* mon Reafon ; neither with the Chancery, which 

* is grounded upon Confiderance.; (which twQ 

* Things be naturally given unto Man) then much 
^ lefs n^ay it intermeddle with Matters oCFaith and 

* Relieion, far paffing Rrafon and the Judgment 

* of I^an, fuch as the Contents of this Bill he; 

* wherein there be three Things fpecially to bo 

* confidered ; that is, the Weightinefe of the Maf- 
■ ter, the Darknefs of the Caufe, and ihi- Diflicul- 

* ty in trying o«t the Truth, and thirdly, the Dan- 

* get and Peril which doth enfue if we do takcth^ 
, f Wrong Way. 

' Miconcerning the firft, that is, the Weight! - 

* nefs of the Matter contained, in this Bill, it is 

* very great ; for it is no Money-Matter, but a 
' * Matter of inhetitance ; yea, a Matter touching 

!' Lif« and Death, and Damnation dependeth up- 

* on it. Here is fet before ue, at the Scripture 

* faith, Life and Death, P'ire and Water. If we 
f put our Hand into the one we fhall live ; if it 
' tak£'hold of the other we Qi all die. No*, to 
f judge thefe Matters here propounded, and difcern 
f which i» Life and which is Death, which is Fitc 

* that will burn us, and which is Water that will 
^ lefreOi and comfort ue, is S great Matter, and 

, * not eafily. perceived of every Map. Moreover, 
f there IB andiher Matter here to be confidered, and 

* that we do not unadvifedly condemn oiir Fore- 
^ fathers and their Doings, and juftify oarfelves 

* and oUr own Doings ; both which the Scripture 

* fQrbiddeth. This we know, that this Do£bine 

* andforin of Religion, which (his Bill propound- 

* eth to be abotiAied and taken away, is that which ^ 
5 our Forefathers were born, brought up and Jived ■ 
'* in, and have prol^eired here in this Realm, with- 

f put any Alteratjon pt Change> by the Space of 
* 900 


of E N G A L N D. ,42; 

* 900 Years and more ; and hath alfo been profef- Q_ E/;aibiib. 

* fed and praiSifed in the Univerfal Church of 'SS>* 

* Chri/l fince the Apoftles' Time.- And that 
' which we go about to eftablifh and place for it 

' is lately bfought in, allowed no where, nor put ■ 

* in Practice, but in this Realm only; and tliat but 

* a fmail Time, and againft the Minds of all Ca- 
*'tholic,Men. Now, if we do but confider the 

* Antiquity of the one and the Newnefs of the 

■ other, .we have juit Occalion to have the one in 

* Efiimation for the long Continuance thereof, un- 

* to fuch Time as we fce evident Caufe why 
' we fliould revoke it : And to fufpcdl the other 

* as never heard of here before, unto fuch Time as 
' we fee juft Caufe why we Ihould receive it, fee- 
' ing that our Fathers never heard tell of it. 

' But now I do call to Remembrance, that I 

* did hear Yefierday a Nobleman in this Houfe fay, 

* making an Anfwer unto this as it were by Pre-oc- 
' cupation, that our Fathers lived in Blindnefs, 

* and that w^ have jufl Occ^fion to lament their 
'Ignorance; whcreunto me thinketh it maybe 

* anfwered, th«t if our Fathers were here and heard 

■ us lament their Doings, it is very like they would 

* fay unto us, as our Saviour Chriji faid unto,the 

* Women which followed him when he went to 

* his Death, and weeped after him, Nalilt Jiire 

* fuper nas , ftd fuper vas ; ('. f. Weep not over us 

* for our Blindnefs, but weep over ypurfelves for 

* your own Prefumption, in taking upon you fo 

* arrogantly to juftify yourfeives and your own Do- 
' ings, and fo raftily condemning us and our Do- 

* ings. Moreover, David' doth teach us -a 
*.Leffon clear contrary to this Nobleman's Say- 

* ings : For he biddeth us in doubtful Matters go to 

* our Fathers, and learn the Truth of them, in 

* thefe Words ; Interroga Patrem tuum, fcT annun- 

* eiabit tibi, Majores tuos (°f dicmt libi; i, e, Afk of 

* thy Father, and he fliall declare the Truth unto' 

* thee, and of thine Anceflors, and they will tell 

• thee : 


^26 The Parliamentary Historv 

(l^eiM^ttt. « thee: And after, in the fame PfaJm, FilU qui 
'^^9' * nafctntur (jf ex/urgeni, narrabunt Filth Juis, ut 

* cognefcat Geniratie alttra ; i. t. The Childrea 

* which fliall be born and rife up, ihall tell unto 

* their Children, that it may be known from one 
-* Generation to another. David here willeth us to 

* learn of our Fathers, and not to contemn their 

* Doings. Wherefore I conclude, as concerning 

* this Part, that this Bill, containing in it Matters 

* of great Weight and Importance, it is to be de- 

* liberated on with great Diligence and Circumfpec- 

* tion } and examined, tried, and determined by 

* Men of great J^earning, Virtue, and Experience. 

' And as this Matter is great, and therefore not 

* to be pafled over haftily, but diligently to be ex- 

* amined, fo is it dark and of great Difficulty to be 

* fo plainly difcufled, as that th« Truth may ma- 
*■ nifeflly appear. For here be, as \ have faid, two 

* Books of Religion propounded, the one to be 

* aboiiOied as erroneous and wicked, and the other 

* to be eflablifhed as godly and confonant to Scrip- 

* ture ; and they be both concerning one Matter, 

* that is, thetrue Adminillrallons of |}ie Sacraments 

* according to the InHItution of our Saviour Chrtft, 

* In the which Adminiftration there be three 

* Things to be confidered : Tbtfirjl is The Inftitu- 

* tion of our Saviour Chrtft^ for the Matter and Sub- 

* ftance of the Sacraments. "Tiie/ecoad, The Or- 

* dinances of the Apoftles, for the Form of the Sa- 

* craments. And the third is The Additions of the 

* holy Fathers, for the adorning and perfeiSing of 

* thcAi^niiniftration ofthefaid Sacraments j which 

* three be all duly, as we fee, obferved, and that 
, * of Neceflity, in this Book of the Mafs and old 

* Service, as all Men dp know which underlland it. 

* The other Book which is fo much extolled, doth, 

* tx prof'Jfe, take away two of thefe three Things, 

* and in very Deed maketh the third a Thing of 

* nought. For, jfr/?, as concerning the Additions 

* of the Fathers, as in the Mafs, Cenfittor^ ^iftrf 

* atur, Kirit tltifon, Stquettes prtcei, SatiSut 

* Agnus Deif with fuch other Things : And alfb 

* (he pidipancGS of th$ A|>olU«S} as £lel£ngs, Crof- 

■ I, Google 

if EN GLAND. 427 

* fings J and in the Adminiftratioji of divers of the (t Sllxal^ih, 

* Sacramenis, Exfufflations, Exorcifms, Inuni£ti< > 'Ji9^ 

* ons, praying towards the Eafl, Invocation of 

* Saints, Prayer for the Dead, with fuch other ; 

* this Book taketh away, either in Part or elfe 

* clearly, as Things not allowable. And yet dotli 
' the Fautors thereof contend, that it is moft per- 

* feiS according to Chris's Inftitution, and theOr- 

* der of the primitive Cfhurch. But to let the Or- 

* dinances of the Apoflles, and the Additions of 

* (he Fathers pafs, (which, notwithflanding, wa 
'oug^tereatly toeHeem and reverence) let us come 

* to the Inftitution of our Saviour Chriji, whereof , 

* they talkrfo much, and examine whether of thofe 

* two Books come nearell unto it. And tomaks 

* Things plain, we will take for Example tho 

* Mafs, or, as they call it, the Supper of the Lord; 

* wherein our Saviour Chriji (as the holy Fathers 

* do gather upon the Scriptures) did inAitute three 

* Things, which he commanded to be done in Re- 

* membrance of his Death and Paffion unto his 

* coming again, faying. Hoe faciti, i^c. Do ya 

* this: Whercofthe^wif is. The confecrating of the 

* blefTed Body and Blood of our Saviour yefitt 

* Chriji. The y^irnHiJ, The offering up of the fame 

* unto God the Father. And the third. The com- 
.* municating, that is, the eating and drinking of 

* the faid blefTed Body and Blood, under the Forma 

* of Bread and Wine. And as concerning the firft 

* two, St. Ckryfafiom faith thus, Vols quiddam tdi- 

* are plant mirabile, & nolite mtrari, neque turba- 

* mini, i^c. I will, faith St. CArj/fl/^em, declare un-. 

* to you in very Deed a marvellous Thing, but 
\marvel not at it, nor he not troubled. But what 

* is this ? It is the holy Oblation ; whether Ptttr 

* or PauU or a Prieft of any Defert, do oiFer, it it 

* the very fame which Ci&ri^ gave to his Difci pies, 
^ and which Priefls do make or confecrate at this 

* Time. This hath nothing lefs than that. Why 

< fo ? Becaufe Men do not fandify this, but Chriji 

< which did famfiify that before. For like as the 
1 Words which Chryi did fpealc, be the very fame 

* which 

p:h»Google __ 

^.zfr IT^e Parliamentary Wist otLY 

%. Ehxaiah. * which the Pricfts do now pronounce, fo Js it the 
'5S9' < very fam^ Oblation. Thefe he the Words of St. 

• Chryfijiom ; wherein he teftif